A Comparison of Academic Performance of Learners in Day Secondary Schools and Those in Boarding Secondary School in Kenya

Dr. Solomon Kipyego Ngetich – August 2020 Page No.: 01-07

Given the rising cost of education, there has been a growing consensus of establishing Day Secondary School to provide school places for the increasing number of learners joining secondary level of education. Day schools have been associated to low performance at the national examinations. This study compares academic performance of learners in Day Secondary Schools and those in Boarding Secondary Schools in Nandi County, Kenya. This study was guided by Cost Function derived from the Education Production Function theory. This study employed a cross-sectional survey as a research strategy. This study targeted all the principals in 186 public secondary schools in the Nandi County. It employed stratified random sampling so as to achieve representation from the school types. The sample size was determined by use of the published table by Krejcie and Morgan. Questionnaire and document analysis were the main instrument of data collection. A pilot study was used in determining the reliability while validity of the research tool was achieved through a carefully and critically examination of the instruments by experienced team of supervisors. Data was analyzed using frequency, means, range, percentages and t-test. It was found out that, academic performance for the period (2012-2015), recorded an average mean of 7.1184 and 4.7391 for Boarding and Day secondary schools respectively. This study found out that, there was a significant difference in academic performance between Boarding and Day secondary schools (t(121) = 9.990, p = 0.000); The findings of this study will generate ideas for better and more resourceful cost management in secondary schools, which is useful for policy makers and managers in education sector. The study makes recommendation that, there is need to improve effectiveness and efficiency of school management, effectively utilize monetary resource, appropriately allocate resources and practice prudence in financial management.

Page(s): 01-07                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 August 2020

 Dr. Solomon Kipyego Ngetich
Department of Educational Management and Policy Studies, School of Education, Moi University, Kenya

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Dr. Solomon Kipyego Ngetich “A Comparison of Academic Performance of Learners in Day Secondary Schools and Those in Boarding Secondary School in Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.01-07 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/01-07.pdf

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The Punishments Imposed on Non-Muslims in Islamic History are an Obstacle to Contemporary Social Harmony – A Review

Ahamed Sarjoon Razick, Muhammadhu Ibrahim Nasrin – August 2020 Page No.: 08-13

Misconceptions about Islam are prevalent in many parts of the world today, including among non-Muslims. There is a widespread perception that not only Islam but also Muslims are seen as a threat to other people who do not openly view Islamic legal plans and try to seek their authenticity. Many who view it superficially accuse some of the punishments meted out to non-Muslims by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in Islamic history as unjust and very cruel. Some Muslims living in Sri Lanka are also subject to that view. It is in this context that the present study pursued to dispel misconceptions about Islam by illustrating the justification given by the Prophet to the Banu Qurayza-Jewish tribe. This review was based on a descriptive methodology from previously published books and journal articles on the subject. This review clearly described the ways in which the Jewish tribes living in Medina, such as Banu Qaynuqa, Banu Nazir, and Banu Qurayza, deviated from the treaty made in Medina by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and how the punishments were meted out to them by the Prophet. Further, the relevant punitive method was analyzed and the rationale contained therein was revealed. It was discussed that the punishments meted out by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) were in no way an impediment to the reconciliation of Sri Lanka among the communities living there. It is hoped that this review will help to bring about a just and harmonious life for all the people of Sri Lanka by presenting the rationale of the penalties.

Page(s): 08-13                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 August 2020

 Ahamed Sarjoon Razick
Department of Islamic Studies, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka, Oluvil

 Muhammadhu Ibrahim Nasrin
Department of Islamic Studies, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka, Oluvil

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Ahamed Sarjoon Razick, Muhammadhu Ibrahim Nasrin “The Punishments Imposed on Non-Muslims in Islamic History are an Obstacle to Contemporary Social Harmony – A Review ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.08-13 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/08-13.pdf

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Evaluation of the Use of Library Resources and Services in the Nigerian Navy Secondary Schools in Western Nigeria

Ogbonnaya, Esther Abosede PhD – August 2020 – Page No.: 14-29

Purpose: The Nigeria educational system is toeing the line of the international trends, where the emphasis has now shifted from traditional pupil-teacher interaction to the scientific approach of teaching (self-discovery) that is child-centered. Thus, changes in roles and objectives are expected of the school library system. This study examined the evaluation of the use of library resources and services in the Nigerian Navy Secondary Schools in Western Nigeria. The purposes of this research were to: ascertain how relevant and adequate the library resources and services to the academic performance of students are, identify factors influencing the use of library resources and services in the selected schools and proffer solutions to them.
Methodology: Four research questions guided the study. The descriptive survey research design and inferential statistical method of analyses were adopted for the study. The sample population of the study was drawn from Nigerian Navy Secondary School (NNSS) Ojo – Lagos and NNSS Abeokuta made up of students and teachers. A total of 1910 respondents consist of 1733 students and 177 teachers. The instruments for data collection were the questionnaire semi-structured interviews, an examination of library acquisition records, and personal observation. The data were analyzed were using frequency, percentage, bar, and pie charts.
Findings: The results revealed that the library resources and services available are inadequate and the degree of usage is poor in both schools. Six major challenges were identified by respondents in the two schools as factors influencing the use of Library resources and services. These are the inadequate fund, lack of standard school library buildings, among others. The respondents proffered six major solutions to mitigate the challenges of the use of library resources and services in the study. These are the provision of sufficient funds for library management, staff training, and the construction of fully furnished standard library buildings.
Implications: From the findings, the school libraries in the study would not be able to achieve the basic goals of the school library which include promoting love for learning and supporting the school curricular if the proffered solutions are not implemented.
Originality/Value: This research has not been published in any journal before. Its originality lies in its ability to enable the school management to fully embrace the use of library resources and services to promote literacy development

Page(s): 14-29                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 August 2020

 Ogbonnaya, Esther Abosede PhD
National Open University of Nigeria, Mushin Centre, Lagos, Nigeria

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Ogbonnaya, Esther Abosede PhD “Evaluation of the Use of Library Resources and Services in the Nigerian Navy Secondary Schools in Western Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.14-29 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/14-29.pdf

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The Effect of Learning Strategy and Self Confidence towards Tahfidz Qur’an Learning Outcomes

Zulfitria, Zainal Arif – August 2020 Page No.: 30-35

The aim of this research was to determine the learning outcomes of learning strategies and confidence in memorizing of Holy Qur’an. This research was conducted at Islamic Integrated Junior High School YAPIDH in Bekasi. Sampling method of this research was random sampling which was based on students’ self-confidence, so that the sample for each study group consisted of 12 students for the experimental group and 12 students for the conventional. Experimental research carried out by using design treatment by level 2×2. The results of research showed (1) there were differences between learners provided by peer tutors with learners provided by conventional learning, (2) there was interaction between learning strategies and confidence towards learning outcomes memorizing of the holy Qur’an, (3) there was the difference between the students who have high confidence that using peer tutoring strategy compared with conventional learning, (4) there was a difference between students who have low confidence that using peer tutoring learning strategies compared with conventional strategies.

Page(s): 30-35                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 August 2020

 Zulfitria
Education Technology, Faculty of Education, University of Muhammadiyah Jakarta, Indonesia

 Zainal Arif
Islamic Educations, Faculty of Islamic Studies, University of Muhammadiyah Tangerang, Indonesia

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Zulfitria, Zainal Arif “The Effect of Learning Strategy and Self Confidence towards Tahfidz Qur’an Learning Outcomes” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.30-35 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/30-35.pdf

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Security Sector Reform and Its Implications for Conflict Areas in Indonesia
Muhammad Ibnu Kamil, Dr. Anggi Aulina Harahap, Dipl. Soz, Dr. Benny Jozua Mamoto, SH, M.Si – August 2020 – Page No.: 36-40

The shift in security operations from the military to the police indicates restrictions on the use of force by the military. Under the new Indonesian security law, the police are responsible for security while the military is responsible for defending the country. In this paper, further analysis will be carried out on the implications of this shift in responsibility for conflict areas in Indonesia. From the results of the study it was found that security sector reform in Indonesia provides a comprehensive framework for resolution of security issues, such as law enforcement, protection of civil rights with the need to carry out institutional and internal reforms within the TNI, the National Police, intelligence agencies, and civilian institutions that are responsible responsible for overseeing the security institutions. From these reforms in conflict areas it seems that many are still controlled by the TNI and there is a shift in the image between the Police and the TNI in the public eye.

Page(s): 36-40                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 August 2020

 Muhammad Ibnu Kamil

 Dr. Anggi Aulina Harahap, Dipl. Soz

 Dr. Benny Jozua Mamoto, SH, M.Si

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[6] Wanandi, J. (2003). Theory and Practices of Security Sector Reform: The Case of Indonesia. In Geneva, UNOG and DCAP Seminar.

Muhammad Ibnu Kamil, Dr. Anggi Aulina Harahap, Dipl. Soz, Dr. Benny Jozua Mamoto, SH, M.Si “Security Sector Reform and Its Implications for Conflict Areas in Indonesia” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.36-40 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/36-40.pdf

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Effectiveness of SliMS Automation System Services for Library Service Support (Case Study in MAN 1 Bandar Lampung)
Tri Estu Wulandari, Riswanti Rini, Sowiyah, Elvira Putri Erlinda – August 2020 – Page No.: 41-46

Effectiveness of SliMS Automation System Services for Library Service Support (Case Study in MAN 1 Bandar Lampung. The SliMS automation system provide convenience in library management, such as collection storage, circulation systems, recording of visit statistics, evaluating collection usage, and through internet access. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the SliMS automation system in expanding services, the performance of library heads and Madrasah head support at MAN 1 Bandar Lampung. This study used a qualitative method with 8 informants. Data collection techniques are done through observation, interviews and documentation. Finding: Slims automation system services not yet accessed online are still focused on administrative main tasks such as cataloging, tracking and circulation. Performance in the library does not have information technology experts, madrasa head support for the library is not optimal. Conclusion: SliMS Automation System based library services in MAN 1 Bandar Lampung are not optimal.

Page(s): 41-46                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 August 2020

 Tri Estu Wulandari
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

 Riswanti Rini
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

 Sowiyah
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

 Elvira Putri Erlinda
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

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Tri Estu Wulandari, Riswanti Rini, Sowiyah, Elvira Putri Erlinda “Effectiveness of SliMS Automation System Services for Library Service Support (Case Study in MAN 1 Bandar Lampung)” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp. 41-46 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/41-46.pdf

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The Optimization of Dialogical Patrol in Preventing the Criminal Act of Gambling in the Jurisdiction area of Lamongan Polres

Rizki Atmaka Hadi, Abdul Mu’ata Ali, Prof. Dr. Tb. Ronny Rahman Nitibaskara – August 2020 Page No.: 47-53

I. INTRODUCTION

The natural condition of the country of Indonesia which has a tropical climate makes this country a country that is very suitable for planting a variety of plants. Unlike in other countries which can only be planted by a few plants, Indonesia’s tropical climate conditions also have very fertile soil so that it is suitable for planting a variety of plants. With these conditions, this country should be able to make good use of its natural wealth and fertile land that can be used as capital to make this country a very developed country, even defeat the countries in Europe and even America. With a description of Indonesia there should be no reason for Indonesia is difficult to advance.
Considering the condition of Indonesia, where there are abundant natural resources, the reality that is happening now is very different. It can be seen that Indonesia is still a developing country with a very high social inequality between its people. The uneven development carried out by the government is increasingly showing the country’s social inequality. In fact, there are still many people of Indonesia who still live below the poverty line. Such conditions make many of the Indonesian people who cannot feel the school bench caused by poverty is a lot of young Indonesian people who actually they even go down to become buskers or just begging on the streets waiting for the mercy of people.

Page(s): 47-53                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 August 2020

  Rizki Atmaka Hadi

  Abdul Mu’ata Ali

  Prof. Dr. Tb. Ronny Rahman Nitibaskara

Reference are not available.

Rizki Atmaka Hadi, Abdul Mu’ata Ali, Prof. Dr. Tb. Ronny Rahman Nitibaskara “The Optimization of Dialogical Patrol in Preventing the Criminal Act of Gambling in the Jurisdiction area of Lamongan Polres” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.47-53 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/47-53.pdf

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Reoccurring Farmers-Herders Conflict in Nigeria: Political and Socio-Economic Implications of Herders Attacks on Farmers in Uzo-Uwani Communities of Enugu State

Boris Happy Odalonu – August 2020 Page No.: 54-62

The study examined the political and socio-economic effects of farmers-herders conflict in Nigeria with particular reference to Uzo-Uwani local Government Area of Enugu. The study was anchored on climate change theory and survey research design was adopted for the study. The primary data for the study was generated through structured questionnaire and in depth interview. Eight communities that were affected by the conflicts were purposively sampled. The study revealed that the immediate causes of the conflict were destruction of farmlands, contamination of streams by the herders’ cattle and killing of cattle by farmers. The remote causes include competition for land and water resources and government ineffective environmental policy. The conflicts led to loss of lives, loss of houses and other properties and loss of crops, loss of cattle, reduction in food and animal production by both farmers and herder, displacement of farmers and rise in tension and volatile inter-group relations amongst the farmers and herders. The study recommended that conflict resolution mechanism should be established in those communities that are prone to herders-farmers clashes, there should be an established database of Fulani herdsmen in order to identify the herders in every community across the country, there should be sensitization of the farmers and herdsmen on peaceful co-existence and cooperation.

Page(s): 54-62                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 August 2020

 Boris Happy Odalonu
Department of Political Science Federal College of Education, Eha-Amufu, Enugu State, Nigeria

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Boris Happy Odalonu “Reoccurring Farmers-Herders Conflict in Nigeria: Political and Socio-Economic Implications of Herders Attacks on Farmers in Uzo-Uwani Communities of Enugu State” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.54-62 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/54-62.pdf

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Public Perceptions on the Impacts of Proliferation of Churches on Corruption in Benue State, Nigeria: an Insight of Makurdi Metropolis of Benue State, Nigeria

Iorkosu, Tyover Samuel, Emmanuel Verem Orjime, Donald, Tarfa Ende, Benedict, Terkaa Iornyagh, Iyorwuese, Salem I – August 2020 Page No.: 63-71

The proliferation of churches that accompanied by the high level of corruption in Nigeria has attracted a good level of attention. Statistics show that about 72.3 million Nigerian are Christians. Going by this figure, the church indeed wields enormous potential in its followers and in turn stems corruption across the nation. The tenacious preference of corruption, however, suggests that it has not played its responsibility in this regard effectively. In other to investigate this fact; the oral interview and questionnaire were used. A sample size of 400 respondents was drawn from Makurdi town following the Yamane’s formula. The analysis of the data revealed that the proliferation of churches in Benue state, has, seemingly, not translated to a drastic reduction of corruption. Additionally, despite the proliferation of churches in Makurdi metropolis, corruption and other deviant behaviour were relatively high. Based on these findings, it was recommended among others that corruption in the churches should be checked and those leaders involved in corrupt activities should be prosecuted accordingly. Church leaders should not focus their preaching on prosperity but on hard work and corrupt-free society.

Page(s): 63-71                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 August 2020

 Iorkosu, Tyover Samuel
Ph.D Student, Department of Sociology, Federal University, Lafia, Nigeria

 Emmanuel Verem Orjime
Department of Sociology, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria

 Donald, Tarfa Ende
Department of Sociology, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria

 Benedict, Terkaa Iornyagh
Department of Sociology, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria

 Iyorwuese, Salem I
PhD Student, Nasarrawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria

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Iorkosu, Tyover Samuel, Emmanuel Verem Orjime, Donald, Tarfa Ende, Benedict, Terkaa Iornyagh, Iyorwuese, Salem I “Public Perceptions on the Impacts of Proliferation of Churches on Corruption in Benue State, Nigeria: an Insight of Makurdi Metropolis of Benue State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.63-71 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/63-71.pdf

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Ethics and Professionalism; the Current Challenges for Nigerian Banks

Okere Peter. A Phd, Njoku Gospel O, Okere, Cletus O – August 2020 Page No.: 72-77

The main objective of this study is to address the importance of ethics and professionalism in the banking industry in Nigeria more especially in this period of COVID-19 and also address the consequences of unethical and sharp practices in the banking industry. Banks in the modern day world, play an intermediary role between the deficit economic units and surplus economic units of the society, executing savings and investment functions. The protection of the rights and interests of numerous stakeholders is sine quo non for banking sector stability and the requirement for economic development and therefore, banks are expected to ethically pursue their operations in compliance with the principles of integrity, impartiality, reliability, transparency, social responsibility and denounce unethical and unprofessional practices. It is therefore recommended that the Central Bank of Nigeria should ensure tougher disciplinary measures against any erring bank staff as this could go a long way to further mitigate the rising trends of unethical and unprofessional practices in the Nigerian banking sector. The Institute of Bankers should also enforce full compliance of the Institute professional code of conduct in the banking industry in Nigeria.

Page(s): 72-77                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 August 2020

 Okere Peter. A Phd
Dept. of Banking and Finance Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo-Ohaji, Nigeria

 Njoku Gospel O
Dept. of Banking and Finance Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo-Ohaji, Nigeria

 Okere, Cletus O
Dept. of Accountancy, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo-Ohaji, Nigeria

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Okere Peter. A Phd, Njoku Gospel O, Okere, Cletus O, “Ethics and Professionalism; the Current Challenges for Nigerian Banks” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.72-77 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/72-77.pdf

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Ethical Sensitivity and Sustainable Performance of SMEs: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria

Amina Asabe Adamu, Chong Yen Wan, Abdullahi Hassan Gorondutse – August 2020 Page No.: 78-82

Regardless of the relevance of sustainability practices to business organisation, literature indicates very few studies have attempted to investigate the effect of ethical sensitivity on the sustainability of small and medium enterprise (SMEs), mainly the relationship between ethical sensitivity and sustainable performance of SMEs. The literature suggests that there is not only limited information on the Sustainable Performance of SMEs in Nigeria but also little research in this important area of study. By using structural questionnaires, the data for the study were collected from 288 SMEs in Nigeria. The findings of the study indicate a significant positive relationship between ethical sensitivity and sustainable performance of SMEs. The result of the study seems to demonstrate that the practice of ethical sensitivity in SMEs will not only be to improve their economic performance but also to increase both environment and social performance as well.

Page(s): 78-82                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 August 2020

 Amina Asabe Adamu
School of Business Management, Universitity Utara Malaysia

 Chong Yen Wan
School of Business Management, Universitity Utara Malaysia

 Abdullahi Hassan Gorondutse
School of Business Management, Universitity Utara Malaysia

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Amina Asabe Adamu, Chong Yen Wan, Abdullahi Hassan Gorondutse “Ethical Sensitivity and Sustainable Performance of SMEs: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.78-82 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/78-82.pdf

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The Relationships between Organizational Learning and Organizational Performance in Yaba College Of Technology Nigeria

Aderibigbe E. Adefisayo, Yunus Dauda, Fapohunda M. Tinuke – August 2020 Page No.: 83-87

This study investigates the relationships between organizational learning and organizational performance in Yaba College of Technology, Nigeria. Data were obtained from three hundred and thirty two (320) selected respondents who are staff of the college by use of experts-validated questionnaires. The sampling techniques used is judgemental sampling method, data collected were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) via Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Two hypotheses were tested and the finding shows that there is a significant relationship between organizational learning and organizational performance, and that there is a significant association between employee experience and organizational performance. It was conclude from the result that organizational learning has a significant relationship with organizational performance. The study therefore recommends that government should provide adequate funding for tertiary institutions in order to become active learning organizations in order to promote learning activities at organizational level to enhance quality of teaching and research.

Page(s): 83-87                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 August 2020

 Aderibigbe E. Adefisayo
Department of Industrial Relations and Human Resource Management, Lagos State University, Lagos, Nigeria

 Yunus Dauda
Department of Industrial Relations and Human Resource Management, Lagos State University, Lagos, Nigeria

 Fapohunda M. Tinuke
Department of Industrial Relations and Human Resource Management, Lagos State University, Lagos, Nigeria

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Aderibigbe E. Adefisayo, Yunus Dauda, Fapohunda M. Tinuke, “The Relationships between Organizational Learning and Organizational Performance in Yaba College Of Technology Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.83-87 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/83-87.pdf

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Impact of Entrepreneurship Education on Job Intentions of Polytechnic Students in Nigeria

Adewoyin Victor A, Famule Festus D.- August 2020 Page No.: 88-95

The Nigeria State through the regulatory bodies for Polytechnics and Universities namely National Board for Technical Education (NBTE) and National Universities Commission (NUC) has made Entrepreneurship Education (EE) compulsory for Nigerian undergraduates from 2007/2008 academic session. This is to make them job creators rather than job seekers after graduation. About decade after the commencement, there is a need to assess the impact on both final years National Diploma (ND) Higher National Diploma (HND) students of the polytechnic system. There is yet no sufficient empirical evidence to suggest that EE has direct and positive impact on their self-employment intentions and drive. Fundamentally, Polytechnic education by design and rationale is expected to train and equip graduates with the requisites skill to be self-employed. This study is therefore on the impact that Entrepreneurship Education (EE) is having on Entrepreneurial outcome. The authors aim at investigating students’ attitude towards Entrepreneurship Education (EE) and the perceived influence that various Entrepreneurship Education (EE) courses can have on a cohort of final year National Diploma (ND) and Higher National Diploma (HND) students in Nigerian Polytechnics starting with three (3) Polytechnics (both State and Federal Government owned) situated in Oyo, Ondo and Ekiti states of the Western Region of Nigeria in the first instance, and subsequently in other three states; Osun, Ogun and Lagos states of the region. The other geopolitical zones will follow later. The target beneficiaries for this study include entrepreneurship educators, researchers and EE decision-makers like regulatory agencies (e.g. NBTE), National Council on Education), institutional academic boards, donor agencies etc. It was found generally in the study empirically that more than enough evidence has suggested that EE has positive impact on job intentions of students in Nigerian Polytechnics and Colleges of Technology.

Page(s): 88-95                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 August 2020

 Adewoyin Victor A
Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Osun State College of Technology, Esa-Oke, Nigeria

 Famule Festus D.
Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Osun State College of Technology, Esa-Oke, Nigeria

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Adewoyin Victor A, Famule Festus D. “Impact of Entrepreneurship Education on Job Intentions of Polytechnic Students in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.88-95 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/88-95.pdf

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Architects’ Perception of Acid Rain: The Need for Reprioritising Design Values in Studio Pedagogy

Peter O. Adewale, Oyebimpe A. Adebiyi & Abimbola A. Adebayo – August 2020 Page No.: 96-102

One of the major issues that constitute threat to the international peace, security and continued human existence is environmental degradation. Reports are presented annually about the increasing depletion and pollution of the natural environment by virtually all forms of developmental activities. Among the preponderant negative consequences of these activities is the issue of acid rain deposition, flooding and overheating. While literature is replete with the challenges some of these phenomena pose to architects, little or no attention has been given to the issue of acid rain which has been found to have deleterious effects on buildings. The aim of this paper, therefore, is to determine the level of awareness, perception and responses of architect to this challenge, using Lagos Metropolis as an empirical focus. Data were obtained through structured questionnaire administered on 157 randomly selected practicing architects in Lagos, Nigeria. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data. The results were further subjected to Linear Regression Analysis. The findings revealed high level of awareness of acid rain among the architects who also feel concerned about phenomenon. Their response to the adaptation and mitigation of the phenomenon was however, very low. The paper establishes architectural design values as one of the major contributors to this behaviour. It concludes by suggesting the need to update architectural education and theories to include climate responsive pedagogies in the learning process.

Page(s): 96-102                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 August 2020

 Peter O. Adewale
Department of Architectural Technology, the Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria

 Oyebimpe A. Adebiyi
The Palm Associates Nig. Ltd, Elebu Junction, New Garage Area, Ibadan, Nigeria

 Abimbola A. Adebayo
The Palm Associates Nig. Ltd, Elebu Junction, New Garage Area, Ibadan, Nigeria

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Peter O. Adewale, Oyebimpe A. Adebiyi & Abimbola A. Adebayo “Architects’ Perception of Acid Rain: The Need for Reprioritising Design Values in Studio Pedagogy” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.96-102 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/96-102.pdf

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Quality of Academic Services in the Academic Bureau, Students, and Planning of Tadulako Palu University

Munari, Mahfudz, Sasterio Mansur, Abdul Rivai, Nawawi Natsir – August 2020 Page No.: 103-112

This study aims to look at the quality of Academic Services at the Academic and Student Affairs Bureau of Tadulako University, Palu. The mechanism and procedures applied to students are still too long, both mechanism / procedure for re-registration’s process of new students and the Graduation service procedure at the Academic Bureau, student affairs and planning at Tadulako University, Palu. The service quality felt by students is not optimal and not as expected, starting from the reliability aspects, assurance, physical evidence, empathy, low response of services on new student registration and graduation. Supporting Factors that affect the assessment of service quality, namely the availability of services according to SOP, simplicity, assurance of certainty, transparent, safe, fairness, if fulfilled will satisfy satisfactory service quality. On the other hand the inhibiting factor of service quality is if the condition is not fulfilled as the supporting factor.

Page(s): 103-112                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 23 August 2020

 Munari
Doctoral Student in Social Sciences and Political Sciences, Postgraduate Tadulako University, Indonesia

 Mahfudz
Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture,Tadulako University, Indonesia

 Sasterio Mansur
Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Tadulako University

 Abdul Rivai
Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Tadulako University

 Nawawi Natsir
Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Tadulako University

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Munari, Mahfudz, Sasterio Mansur, Abdul Rivai, Nawawi Natsir “Quality of Academic Services in the Academic Bureau, Students, and Planning of Tadulako Palu University” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.103-112 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/103-112.pdf

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Amalgamation in Strengthening Society Social Integration and Harmonization

Endah Setyo Rini, Sudjarwo, Sugeng Widodo – August 2020 Page No.: 113-119

This study aims to describe the amalgamation through intermarriage in Lampung Pepadun custom and non-Lampung Pepadun ethnic as seen from the customary rules on intermarriage, causes and social impacts arising from the amalgamation in the Margakaya Village, Pringsewu Sub-District, Pringsewu Regency. This study uses a phenomenological approach as part of qualitative research. The research location is chosen because Margakaya Village is the oldest Lampung Pepadun Village in Pringsewu Regency and many of its residents are married to non-Lampung Pepadun ethnic. The results of the study were (1) in Lampung Pepadun customary rules, there were customary fines for society who do intermarriage (2) usually before the marriage ceremony procession, the ceremony of ngankon was performed firstnamely the appointment ceremony as a child. If the future bride of non-Lampung Pepadun has not been ngankon then it cannot hold a traditional ceremony (3) traditional ceremonies can be performed on kering-keringan, sujud, or sujud terang (4) factors causing the amalgamation in Margakaya Villagesuch as religion, residence, similarity of occupation and economy, and the amount of the fine that does not change. (5) the impact of amalgamation on society social life such as tolerance towards partners, conflicts in society can be suppressed, and the emergence of new generations.

Page(s): 113-119                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 23 August 2020

 Endah Setyo Rini
Faculty of Training and Education, University of Lampung, Indonesian

 Sudjarwo
Faculty of Training and Education, University of Lampung, Indonesian

 Sugeng Widodo
Faculty of Training and Education, University of Lampung, Indonesian

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Endah Setyo Rini, Sudjarwo, Sugeng Widodo “Amalgamation in Strengthening Society Social Integration and Harmonization” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.113-119 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/113-119.pdf

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Factors Affecting Credit Management in Microfinance Institutions in Kenya: A Case of “J B” Bank
Dr. John Cheluget (MUA), Kaburu Purity Naitore (MUA) – August 2020 – Page No.: 120-132

The core focus of this study was to investigate the factors affecting credit management in microfinance institutions in Kenya. This effect of poor credit and loan performance has led to collapse of financial institutions and poor individual credit rating in Kenya. The main objectives were to find out effects of technical competency, information technology, finance, credit terms and government policy on credit management in microfinance institutions in Kenya. The study covered a population of 125 personnel in “J B” Bank, Head Office and used stratified random sampling where 50% of the entire target group formed the sample size (62) of the study. Data was collected from both primary and secondary sources by means of feedback form and literature analysis correspondingly to get comprehensive facts. The findings were presented using graphs, pie charts, and table diagrams separately subject to the methods used. Based on the findings the study reveals that technical competency affects credit management at a very high rate. Most of the respondents cited that it is significant for the organization to have employees who are trained with IT basic knowledge and leadership skills. Majority of the respondents agreed that credit terms affect credit management in microfinance institutions in Kenya and they rated its effect in microfinance institutions in Kenya. It was found out that finance is very vital in providing smooth flow of services. Based on the findings the study also reveals that government policy affects credit management in microfinance institutions in Kenya at a very high rate. The researcher suggested that the organizations should be in a position to improve the competency of personnel. It was recommended that in the crucial work of private managers involving discretion and advice, as well as policymaking, that the ethical standards of credit management in microfinance institutions assume particular significance.

Page(s): 120-132                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 August 2020

 Dr. John Cheluget (MUA)
The Management University of Africa, Kenya

 Kaburu Purity Naitore (MUA)
The Management University of Africa, Kenya

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Dr. John Cheluget (MUA), Kaburu Purity Naitore (MUA) “Factors Affecting Credit Management in Microfinance Institutions in Kenya: A Case of “J B” Bank” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp. 120-132 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/120-132.pdf

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Socio-economic Research on Identifying the Major Factors that Affect Women’s Career Choice in Kesbewa Divisional Secretariat in the Colombo District, Sri Lanka

W. T. D. Wijethunga, S.D.Y. Jayarathne – August 2020 Page No.: 133-139

Due to the openness of education and the open economic pattern in the Sri Lankan society, the social status of the woman in the traditional society has changed drastically – resulting in the woman becoming a homemaker and becoming a professional worker. According to the Central Bank Annual Report, women’s employment increased from 32-9% in 2012 to 35-6% in 2013 – the most significant increase in employment for women is the increasing number of women seeking employment Moving. In the past, women turned to the occupational and apparel sector, and are now turning to outside careers such as administrative services, nursing, teaching and medical, and law especially in the health sector, where nursing was the top female employer. Today in the medical field. In 2008, the number was 131, compared to 176 in 2009. The number of engineers, which fell from 9% in 1985 to 12% in 2008, has increased to 14% in 2009 – in the case of the Administration Division The total number of women employed in the legal sector was 270 in 2009, compared to 248 in 2008. Accordingly, the main research problem of this research was to find out what are the factors that contribute to the creation of a career choice.

Page(s): 133-139                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 August 2020

 W. T. D. Wijethunga
Department of Sociology, Department of Anthropology, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda

 S.D.Y. Jayarathne
Department of Sociology, Department of Anthropology, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda

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W. T. D. Wijethunga, S.D.Y. Jayarathne “Socio-economic Research on Identifying the Major Factors that Affect Women’s Career Choice in Kesbewa Divisional Secretariat in the Colombo District, Sri Lanka ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.133-139 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/133-139.pdf

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Sustainability of Donor Funded Projects in Public Hospitals in Kenya: A Case of HIV/Aids Projects at “N” County Referral Hospital

Dr. John Cheluget (MUA), Ngari Caroline Wamuyu (MUA) – August 2020 Page No.: 140-150

The research project sought to investigate factors influencing sustainability of donor funded projects in public hospitals in Kenya; a case of HIV/AIDS projects at “N” County Referral Hospital. Project sustainability is one of the most critical challenges for all grassroots, national and international development agencies. The study objective was to evaluate how leadership, funds, capacity building, and stakeholder’s involvement can influence the sustainability of donor funded projects in public hospitals. The study provided an in-depth literature review and analysis based on the research objectives, identification of the theories applicable to this study, and the conceptual framework. The target population for this study was 137 employees from the HIV/AIDS projects funded at “N” County Referral Hospital. A census of 137 respondents was done since the target population was relatively small and therefore the need for sampling from it was overlooked. The researcher obtained a permit from National Council for Science and Technology based on authorization letter from The Management University of Africa. The researcher paid a visit to the area of study and made appointments with the target population where data was collected. A pilot survey was done before conducting the main data collection exercise and the reliability and consistency of the research instrument was assessed using the Cronbach Alpha scores obtained from the pilot study respondents. The study relied on primary data where questionnaire was used to collect the data. Data was then analysed using descriptive analysis such as descriptive statistics mean scores and standard deviations, frequencies distributions, and percentages. The relationship between the dependent and independent variables were assessed using linear regression. The findings of the study established that source of funds and stakeholder involvement significantly influenced project sustainability. Further, the study found that capacity building, leadership and government policy did not significantly influenced project sustainability. When all the variables were regressed collectively a model was generated that was fit for prediction of project sustainability. The study therefore reached a conclusion that involving stakeholders at all stages of the process and ensuring adequate funds are available for the project contributes greatly to the success of the project. The study recommends that an evaluation of capacity building and training needs assessment should be conducted in both rural and urban hospital settings in Kenya and an evaluation of the impact of leadership on the project sustainability should be evaluated within a wider geographical scope.

Page(s): 140-150                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 August 2020

 Dr. John Cheluget (MUA)
The Management University of Africa, Kenya

 Ngari Caroline Wamuyu (MUA)
The Management University of Africa, Kenya

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Dr. John Cheluget (MUA), Ngari Caroline Wamuyu (MUA) “Sustainability of Donor Funded Projects in Public Hospitals in Kenya: A Case of HIV/Aids Projects at “N” County Referral Hospital” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.140-150 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/140-150.pdf

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Competencies of Public Primary School Head Teachers in the Management of School Nutrition and Meals Programme at the ECDE Centres in Bungoma South Sub-County

Claartje Nekoye Wakhungu, Onex David Opati – August 2020 Page No.: 151-155

Provision of essential nutrition, shelter, and health care for children is enshrined in the Kenyan constitution. Notwithstanding the efforts by the government to improve the livelihoods of its citizens, under-nutrition remains prevalent among children under the age of 5years which has made the children prone to early childhood diseases that impede academic achievement and sometimes lead to premature death. As the pivots around which all school activities revolve, head teachers are responsible for the management of school nutrition and meals programme of children at school. The main purpose of the study was to analyse the core competencies of public primary school head teachers regarding the management of school nutrition and meals programme at the ECDE Centres. The respondents in the study included one head teacher and one ECDE teacher from a randomly selected sample size of 73 schools. Key informants were selected purposively. The data collection strategy involved the use of structured questionnaires and interview schedules. The results indicated that 32.9% of the ECDE teachers claimed that head teachers supervised the school nutrition and meals programme at the ECDE centres, while 67.1% alleged that head teachers rarely managed the programme. Notably, 9.6% of the head teachers agreed that they had basic knowledge of the existing government policies concerning school nutrition and meals programme, while 90.4% of them did not have basic knowledge on the same. Furthermore, the study revealed that lack of effective evaluation and monitoring mechanism and inadequate funding was the primary challenge to the implementation and sustenance of the programme. The study recommends adequate support from the government through the provision of funds sufficient to support the school nutrition and meals programme. The government should empower the school head teachers through training programmes regarding existing policy documents that will enable them to manage the health and nutrition in schools effectively.

Page(s): 151-155                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 August 2020

 Claartje Nekoye Wakhungu
Kibabii University, Faculty of Science, P.O. Box 1699-50200, Bungoma, Kenya

 Onex David Opati
Kibabii University, Faculty of Science, P.O. Box 1699-50200, Bungoma, Kenya

[1] Akoth, M.S. (2017) Effects of Nutrition on Performance of Children in Number Work Activities in Pre-schools in Moiben Constituency in Uasin Gishu County. Master project submitted to University of Nairobi.
[2] Chakraborty, T., & Jayaraman, R. (2019). School feeding and learning achievement: Evidence from India’s midday meal program. Journal of Development Economics, 139, 249-265. doi:10.1016/j.jdeveco.2018.10.011
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[5] Hendricks, M. & Bourre.L. (2014). An integrated approach to malnutrition in childhood. Cape Town. University of Cape Town.
[6] Iddrisu, I. (2018). Improving school feeding through participation: should the teacher be actively involved? International Journal of Educational Management, 32(1), 141-154. doi:10.1108/ijem-01-2017-0013
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[8] Munuhe B.W (2014) Challenges facing School Feeding Programmes in Isinya Division, Kajiado County. Master project submitted to University of Nairobi.
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[10] Ronoh, A. K., Mercy Were, G., Wakhu-Wamunga, F., & Wamunga, J. B. (2017). Food Consumption Patterns among Pre-School Children 3 – 5 Years Old in Mateka, Western Kenya. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 08(08), 801-811. doi:10.4236/fns.2017.88057
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Claartje Nekoye Wakhungu, Onex David Opati “Competencies of Public Primary School Head Teachers in the Management of School Nutrition and Meals Programme at the ECDE Centres in Bungoma South Sub-County” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.151-155 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/151-155.pdf

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The Role of Library in the Use of Mobile Phone for People Living With HIV (PLHIV)

Farida Sani Stores, Karimatu Isa Maisango- August 2020 Page No.: 156-159

HIV is the worlds’ most disturbing epidemic especially in developing country like Nigeria. Hence the world wants to reduce the spread of the epidemic by the year 2030. To be able to achieve the worlds’ sustainable development goals (SDG) HIV prevention, treatment and care messages would be essential. The paper looks at the role of libraries in encouraging the use of mobile phone to communicate HIV information for the treatment and control of the disease through social media platforms. The PLHIV needs to be encouraged to use mobile phone as a means of disseminating HIV information. Use of mobile phone may be a reliable means of accessing HIV information as one can receive information from far and wide. More through the use of mobile phone technology new ideas are able to emerge to meet the health need of People Living with HIV. The paper concludes by highlighting the challenges of using mobile phone and some recommendations were given.

Page(s): 156-159                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 August 2020

  Farida Sani Stores
Federal College of Agricultural Produce Technology, Kano

  Karimatu Isa Maisango
Yusuf Maitama Sule University, Kano

[1]. Catalani, Philbrick and Israelski (2013). mHealth for treatment and prevention: A systematic review of the literature. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nhi.gov>pubmedDe tolly, K,
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[10]. Techopobia: mobile phone (2018). Retrieved from “http://en.wikipedia.org>wiki>mobile”.

Farida Sani Stores, Karimatu Isa Maisango, “The Role of Library in the Use of Mobile Phone for People Living With HIV (PLHIV)” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.156-159 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/156-159.pdf

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Influence of Motorcycle (Bodaboda) Business on Pupils’ Drop-Out in Public Primary Schools in Rangwe Sub County, Homa-Bay County, Kenya

Joseph Kipkoech Keino, Lewis Ngesu, Christine Kahigi – August 2020 Page No.: 160-165

The purpose of the study was to explore the influence of motorcycle (bodaboda) business on pupils’ dropout rates in primary education in Rangwe Sub County in Homa Bay County. The study examined the influence of gender related issues, mode of transport, socio-economic factors and school location on pupils’ dropout rates in primary education. The study was based on Tinto’s Model of student retention. The research adopted a descriptive survey design with a target population comprising of 120 public primary schools, 120 head teachers, 428 teachers’ and 8277 class six, seven and eight pupils’ as well as 600 boda boda operators. Stratified random sampling was used to arrive at schools to participate in the study by dividing the target population of schools into six strata on the basis of the six zones in l Rangwe Sub County. Census sampling approach was used to sample head teachers’ in the sampled schools, while random sampling was used to sample teachers’ and pupil’s from the selected schools. Therefore, the total sample of the study comprised of 12 head teachers, 43 teachers’ 828 pupils’ and 60 boda boda operators. The researcher used questionnaires to collect quantitative and qualitative data. The study established that gender related issues and use of motorcycle transport had a significant effect on pupils’ dropout rates in primary schools. Further, the study established that most parents were unable to raise adequate funds to pay school levies for their children. It was also established that the distance from home to school, mode of transport, lack of money and insecurity had a bearing on students’ dropout in primary schools. The study recommends among others that the school administration and other stakeholders should come up with programs and forums to enlighten parents on the importance of pupils’ education. A study should be carried out to find out the possible policies that can be put in place to improve the completion rates of pupils in primary schools in Kenya.

Page(s): 160-165                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 August 2020

 Joseph Kipkoech Keino
University of Nairobi, Kenya

 Lewis Ngesu
University of Nairobi, Kenya

 Christine Kahigi
University of Nairobi, Kenya

[1] Adogu, O. U. (2006). Codes among commercial motorcycle riders in Nigerian. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 13(4), 297.
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[4] Ananga, E. (2011). Typology of school dropout: The dimensions and dynamics of dropout in Ghana. International Journal of Educational Development, (31) 374-381.
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[7] Grant, M.J., & Hallman, K. (2006). Pregnancy-related school dropout and prior school performance in South Africa. DOI:10.31899/pgy2.1042.
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[19] Oladipo, O. (2012). The development and impact of motorcycles as means of commercial transportation in Nigeria. Res. Humanit. Soc. Sci.. 2.
[20] Oyesiku, O.K. (2002) Policy framework for urban motorcycle public transport system in Nigerian cities. In: Godard, X. & Innocent, F., Eds., Urban mobility for all, A. A., Lisse, Balkema, 255-261.
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[24] Sabates, R., Akyeampong, K., Westbrook, J. & Hunt, F. (2010) School dropout: Patterns, causes, changes and policies. Unset. UNESCO.
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Joseph Kipkoech Keino, Lewis Ngesu, Christine Kahigi “Influence of Motorcycle (Bodaboda) Business on Pupils’ Drop-Out in Public Primary Schools in Rangwe Sub County, Homa-Bay County, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.160-165 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/160-165.pdf

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Governce Challanges Affecting the Implementation of Devolved Governance System in Kenya. The Case of Mandera County

Mohamed Ahmed Dagane, Dr George Maroko – August 2020 Page No.: 166-182

The devolved governance is a system of political power sharing between the national government and state or county governments. The system allocates development responsibilities to devolved governments with funding while the national government takes over certain functions which cover the needs of all devolved units under a central system in the whole country. The purpose of this study was to assess challenges facing the implementation of devolved governance system in Kenya with special reference to Mandera County. The specific objectives of the study were : to examine the effect of funding on the implementation of devolved governance system in Mandera County : to assess the extent to which revenue collection affect the implementation of devolved governance system in Mandera County: to examine the effect of accountability on the implementation of devolved governance system in Mandera County: to analyze how equitable resource distribution influence the implementation of devolved governance system in Mandera County. This study used both qualitative and quantitative research methods. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. It was conducted in Mandera County. The target population was 260 drawn from County Government officials and national government officials. Purposive sampling technique was used in the study. A sample size of 210 was employed to conduct the study. Data was collected through questionnaires and and interviews. Quantitative data was analyzed using SPSS tool while qualitative data was analysed using content analysis methods and NVIVO . The analyzed data was presented using tables, charts and figures, diagrams and reports. Ethical factors were considered and respected during the study.

Page(s): 166-182                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 August 2020

 Mohamed Ahmed Dagane

 Dr George Maroko

References are not available.

Mohamed Ahmed Dagane, Dr George Maroko “Governce Challanges Affecting the Implementation of Devolved Governance System in Kenya. The Case of Mandera County” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.166-182 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/166-182.pdf

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The Influence of Telenovelas on the Social Life of the Youth of Tamale Metropolis of Ghana

Paul Achonga Kabah Kwode, John Stephen Agbenyo, Dr. Adam Bawa Yussif – August 2020 Page No.: 183-189

Telenovelas are gradually making their way into every home with their melodramatic style of arresting the taste and fulfilling a great vacuum in the viewing pleasure of the youth of Tamale metropolis of Ghana. This paper adopted a purposive qualitative study to investigate the influence of telenovelas in the social life of the youth of Tamale. It discovered that some of the youth have adapted new identities and personalities out of the telenovelas they watch. The youth tend to cultivate some habits exhibited in the telenovelas they watch which is alien to the culture and people of the metropolis. This study recommends formulation and systematic implementation of indigenous policies that will arrest the zeal and craze for foreign telenovelas in Ghana. The government must take particular interest in programmes broadcast on the numerous television channels across the country to ensure that they are consistent with our national goals and aspirations as a people.

Page(s): 183-189                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 August 2020

 Paul Achonga Kabah Kwode
Lecturer, Media and Communication Studies Department, Tamale Technical University

 John Stephen Agbenyo
Faculty of Social Science, St. Paul’s University, Limuru-Kenya

 Dr. Adam Bawa Yussif
Senior Lecturer, Media and Communication Studies Department, Tamale Technical University

[1] Adia, E., A. (2014). Programme Element Importance: An Analysis of Telenovelas in the Ghanaian Media. International Journal of ICT and Management.
[2] Asiamah, E., O. & Ofori-Birikorang (2018). An Ethnographic Study of Audience Viewing of the Telenovela-Kumkum Bhagya at Selected Sites in Ghana. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 6.
[3] Baran and Davis (2010). Mass Communication Theory: Foundations, Ferment and Future. (6th Ed.).WADSWORTH.CENGAGE. Learning
[4] Campbell, R., Martin, C., R. & Fabos, B. (2007). Media & Culture: An Introduction to Mass Communication (5th Ed.). Boston, New York.
[5] Dominick, J., R. (2013). The Dynamics of Mass Communication: Media in Transition (12th Ed.). McGraw-Hill, New York.
[6] Donkor, M., E. (2013). Teenagers. Television Serials and Reality: A Study of Madina (Ghana). Unpublished Masters thesis, University of Ghana.
[7] Folarin, B. (2005). Theories of Mass Communication: An Introductory Text (3rd ed.). Ibadan: Bakinfol Publications.
[8] Ghana Statistical Service (2014). 2010 Population & Housing Census-District Analytical Report, Tamale Metropolis.
[9] Jedlowski, A. & Rego, C. (2018). Latin American Telenovelas and African Screen Media: From Reception to Production. Journal of African Cultural Studies.
[10] Lule, J. (2014). Understanding Media and Culture: An Introduction to Mass Communication. Flat World Knowledge, Inc. Washington, DC.
[11] Mante, G., A. (2016). Content Localisation and Viewers Needs Gratification: A Study of “Kumkum Bhagya” Viewers. Unpublished Masters thesis, University of Ghana.
[12] Ofori-Birikorang, A. (2014). Television Viewing in Public Places: Identity Construction and Evolving Urban Spaces in Metropolises in Ghana. African Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies. Vol. 7, pp 17-27.
[13] Singhal, A., Rogers, E., M., & Brown, W., J. (1993). Entertainment Telenovelas for Development: Lessons Learned.
[14] Tindi, S., & Ayiku, C., N., A. (2018). Local Reception of Global Media Texts: Telenovelas As Sites of Cultural Mixture in Ghana. Legon Journal of the Humanities 29.1.
[15] Tufte, T. (2003). Telenovelas, Culture and Social Change – From Polisemy, Pleasure and Resistance to Strategic Communication and Social Development.

Paul Achonga Kabah Kwode, John Stephen Agbenyo, Dr. Adam Bawa Yussif, “The Influence of Telenovelas on the Social Life of the Youth of Tamale Metropolis of Ghana” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.183-189 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/183-189.pdf

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Strategic Human Resources Management in Organizations: A Logical Exploration of the Nature, Process and Rationales

Asadu. Ikechukwu, Ph.D, Onah, Celestine Chijioke, Obi, Deborah. O – August 2020 Page No.: 190-202

Increasing changes stemming from globalization, information and communication technology, scarce resources and competitions have attracted the attention of many scholars in strategic human resources management. Human resources play pivotal roles in effective and efficient functioning of organizations. In the face of growing competition among organizations over limited resources and market, organizations can only gain competitive advantage via strategic management. Thus, the strategic roles of human resource management in the long term viability of any profit or nonprofit making organization cannot be under scored. The study systematically examined the nature, process and rationales for strategic human resources management in organizations. The methodology of the study is qualitative and descriptive. Relevant materials on strategic human resources management were generated through secondary and primary sources and subjected to contextual-descriptive analysis. The study shows, among others, that strategic human resources management is a source of competitive advantage strength for organizations and has considerable impacts on the bottom-line of the employees and organization performance. It is a core managerial role which is at the centre of organizations’ key to success since it ensures that the organization remains competitive and has comparative advantage over its competitors in the market. Hence, the study advocates the institutionalization of strategic management of human resources in organizations to enhance competitive advantage, productivity, quality and service delivery.

Page(s): 190-202                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 August 2020

 Asadu. Ikechukwu, Ph.D
Department of Public Administration and Local Government, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

 Onah, Celestine Chijioke
Social Science Units, School of General Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

 Obi, Deborah. O
Social Science Units, School of General Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

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[12] Boswell, W. (2006). Aligning employees with organization’s strategic objectives: out of line of sight, out of mind. Multi national Journal of Human Resource Management, 17, 1489 – 1511
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Asadu. Ikechukwu, Ph.D, Onah, Celestine Chijioke, Obi, Deborah. O “Strategic Human Resources Management in Organizations: A Logical Exploration of the Nature, Process and Rationales” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.190-202 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/190-202.pdf

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Evaluation of Financial Reporting “Fair Presentation” Conceptual Objective of International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSASs) in Africa

Zivanai Mazhambe- August 2020 Page No.: 203-205

General purpose financial statements issued in compliance with the International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) are determinative and useful for decision making by all stakeholders. This scientific study purpose is to evaluate the financial reporting conceptual objective of IPSAS ‘fair presentation’ in Africa. The study methodology adopted is mixed research methodology, through questionnaires and interviews on PAFA accountants in public sector practice across Africa. The findings revealed that the IPSAS financial reporting conceptual objective of ‘fair presentation’ is attainable with consistent application of professional judgments, taking into accounting the requisite accounting principles. Fair presentation is technically compounded for the average professional to apply, and requiring a lot of additional guidance over a prolonged period of time for the preparer of the financial reports to comply with all IPSASs in the process of complying with the conceptual qualitative characteristics of relevance and reliability.

Page(s): 203-205                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 August 2020

 Zivanai Mazhambe
Finance and Accounting Department, University of Zimbabwe

[1]. Alexander D and Nobes C (2010): Financial accounting. An International introduction. ft Prentice Hall. Pearson Education. ISBN:978-0-273-72164-2
[2]. IFRS Foundation (2015): International Financial Reporting Standards
[3]. IPSAS 1: Presentation of financial statements
[4]. Mazhambe, Z (2014): Book – The compromise of IASB’s Conceptual Framework and IFRSs, Lambert Academic Publishing, ISBN: 978-3-659-57452-8
[5]. Mazhambe, Z (2014b): Book -Doctoral (PhD) Proposal Writing, CompletelyNovel, ISBN- 13: 978-1849145909, ISBN-10: 1849145903
[6]. Zivanai Mazhambe. (2020). Evaluating The International Public Sector Accounting Standards (Ipsass) Cash And Accrual Based Accounting Application Technical Differences In Africa. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3747544
[7]. IAS 1 (2007): International Accounting Standard (IAS 1), Presentation of financial statements

Zivanai Mazhambe “Evaluation of Financial Reporting “Fair Presentation” Conceptual Objective of International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSASs) in Africa” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.203-205 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/203-205.pdf

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Influence of Principals’ Use of Peer Counselling as an Alternative Disciplinaly Method on Students’ Discipline in Kitui County, Kenya

Dr. Janet K. Mulwa, PhD – August 2020 Page No.: 206-210

This study sought to investigate Principals’ influence in use of peer counseling as an alternative disciplinary method on students’ discipline in public secondary schools principals’ in kitui county, Kenya. The study objective sought to establish the extent to which public secondary school principals had implemented peer counseling as an alternative disciplinary method in their schools. The study adopted the ex-post-facto research design to establish the situation of students’ discipline at the ground. The target population consisted of 333 secondary school principals from which a sample of 101 respondents was obtained. Data was collected by use of Questionnaires. A pilot study was used to establish instrument validity. Instrument reliability was determined by a test-re-test technique. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were used to analyse data. Data was presented using frequency distribution and cross tabulation tables. Qualitative data was organised and presented in narrative form. A Chi-square (x2) test was used to establish the significance of implementation of peer counselling and students’ discipline. The significance level was set at alpha = 0.05. From the findings, 67.3 per cent of the principals agreed that students attended peer counselling in their schools while others did not. Results of chi-square (x2) test had a p-value 0.349>0.05. The study concluded that school discipline could be shaped by the disciplinary methods that school principals adopted.

Page(s): 206-210                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 August 2020

 Dr. Janet K. Mulwa, PhD
Lecturer, Department of Educational Administration and Planning, School of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, South Eastern Kenya University

[1] Best, J.W. & Kahn, J.V. (2000). Research in Education. (7thed). New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India Private limited.
[2] Bett, J.C. (2013). The importance of promoting the value of the role of Peer counselling among Students in secondary schools. The international journal of Economy, Management and Social Sciences.2 (6) June 2013, pages: 477-484.
[3] Carr, R. (1988). The city wide peer counselling program. Children and youth services review, 10(10): 217-232
[4] Carroll,M.R.(1973). The regeneration of guidance: The school Counselor,20,355-360
[5] Chireshe, R. (2006). An Assessment of the effectiveness of school Guidance and CounsellingServices in Zimbabwean Secondary schools.PhD Dissertation.University of South Africa.
[6] Chireshe, R. (2013). Peer Counselling in Zimbabwean Secondary Schools.Int J Edu Sci, 5(4): 349-354 (2013) Department of Psychology of Education, University of South Africa. Accessed 7 May, 2014.
[7] Cowie,R. & Shrp,S.(1996). Peer Counselling in schools. a time to listen. London:D Fulton
[8] David,A.D. (1988.Peer Counselling Project; University of Victoria,British Columbia, Canada
[9] KIE (2004).Guidance and counselling.A teacher Handbook. Nairobi, Kenya institute of Education.
[10] Kothari, C. R. (2011). Research Methodology Methods and Techniques. (2nded). New Age International Publishers: New Delhi.
[11] Marangu, G.P., Bururia, N.D. & Njonge, T. (2012) Challenges Faced By Peer Counsellors in Their Effort to Effect Behaviour Change in Secondary Schools in Maara District, Kenya. American International Journal of Contemporary Research Vol. 2 No. 11; November 2012. Accessed 3 May, 2014.
[12] Mbugua, S. M. (2006).Teachers and students attitudes to peer counselling in public secondary Schools in Starehe Division, Nairobi Province Kenya. M.Ed Research Project: Kenyatta University.
[13] Mulwa,J.K (2014) Effects of Principals’ alternative disciplinary methods on students’ discipline in public secondary schools in kitui county, Kenya. PhD thesis, University of Nairobi.
[14] Ndichu, D. (2005). Guidance and counselling: Handbook for schools. Nairobi: Career Ventures.
[15] Phillips, M. & Sturkie, J. 1993. Developing peer-counselling skills. Cambridge: Daniels.
[16] Republic of Kenya (2001).Report of the Task Force on Students Discipline and Unrest in secondary schools. Nairobi: Jomo Kenyatta Foundation.
[17] Rutondoki, E. N. (2000). Guidance and Counselling. Makerere University, Institute of Adult and Continuing Education.
[18] Tindall, J. A & Salmon-White, S. 1990. Peers helping peers, program for the preadolescent. Muncie, Indiana: Accelerated Development
[19] UNESCO.(2002). Terms of Reference. The first International Conference on Guidance, Counselling and Youth Development in Africa, 22-26 April 2002. Nairobi, Kenya.
[20] Wango, G. M. (2006). Policy and practices in guidance and counselling in secondary Schools in Kenya.PhD Thesis; University of Birmighan.
[21] Wango, G. M. &Mungai, E. K. (2007).Counselling in school. A Handbook for Teachers.Nairobi: Jomo Kenyatta Foundation.
[22] Were, N.M.W.(2003). Discipline guidance and counselling in schools. Nairobi Strong Wall Africa.

Dr. Janet K. Mulwa, PhD “Influence of Principals’ Use of Peer Counselling as an Alternative Disciplinaly Method on Students’ Discipline in Kitui County, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.206-210 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/206-210.pdf

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Use of Traditional Family Planning Methods among Women of Child Bearing Age in Kwande LGA of Benue State, Nigeria

Iorkosu, Tyover Samuel, Alugwa, Euphemia Dooyum, Anum, Orngu Jacob, Dooior, Daniel Tsembe – August 2020 Page No.: 211-217

The family planning use has a multiplicity of health benefits such as preventing unplanned pregnancies, ensuring child spacing, reducing maternal and child mortality. In recent years, there has been an improvement in the provision of health facilities. Despite the improvement in science and technology that accompanied the establishment of the family planning unit across the state. With all these efforts, it has been observed that many women of childbearing age still cling to traditional family planning. This study also seeks to identify the socio-demographic characteristics of women that mostly use traditional family planning, various traditional family planning methods they use, the reasons for the preference of traditional family planning and the perceived effects of the traditional methods. The structured questionnaire was used to elicit information from 387 respondents and 50 participants for the in-depth interview to compliment the information from the quantitative data. The quantitative data involving descriptive and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation) was applied to interpret the result using SPSS. The study also revealed that women of childbearing age mostly used herbal medicine as a family planning method. In addition, the study revealed that effectiveness and trust of the method, no side effects, low cost as well as the availability of the method are the factors influencing the usage of traditional family planning in the area. The result of the study revealed that women of different educational qualification effectively utilized traditional family planning methods. This means that the educational qualifications of women have no significant influence on the use of traditional family planning method. The study recommends among others that women of childbearing age should be enlightened on the effect of modern family planning. The government should intensify its effort in making family planning units closer to the women. In addition, government and Non-governmental organisation should sponsor advanced research in the area to ascertain the effectiveness of the traditional family planning for better outlook, policy-making and implementation.

Page(s): 211-217                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 August 2020

 Iorkosu, Tyover Samuel
PhD Candidate, Department of Sociology, Federal University of Lafia

 Alugwa, Euphemia Dooyum
M.Sc Student, Benue state University, Makurdi

 Anum, Orngu Jacob
PhD Student, Department of Sociology, Federal University of Lafia

 Dooior, Daniel Tsembe
Dooior, Daniel Tsembe

[1] Alaka Malwade Basu ( 2011) Postmodern contraception: the use of traditional methods of birth control among upper class women in india. Proceedings of a Workshop Held at the Program of African Studies, Northwestern University, March 9-10, 2001PAS Working Papers, Number 11, pp 71-81; Edited by Caroline Bledsoe Program of African Studies, Northwestern University, 620 Library Place, Evanston, IL 60208-4110, U.S.A.© 2002 Caroline Bledsoe and No. 11 PAS Working Papers authors.
[2] Anthony I; Oladele O, & Wilson, A (2018) Use of traditional and modern contraceptives among childbearing women: findings from a mixed methods study in two south- western Nigerian states. BMC Public Health (2018) 18:604 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5522-6
[3] Anyanwu E,& Eskay, (2013). Family planning in Nigeria: a myth or reality? Implications for education in Nkanu Local Government Area of Enugu State. journal of Education and Practice, ISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online),Vol.4, No.15, 2013
[4] Ayyuba & Asma’u (2018) The Role of Traditional Contraceptive Methods in Family Planning among Women Attending Primary Health Care Centers in Kano.international Journal of clinical psychology, vol.34, pp.23-35
[5] Butawa, N. N., Tukur, B., Idris, H., Adiri, F. & Taylor, K. D. (2010). Knowledge and perceptions of maternal health in Kaduna state, northern Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 14, 3. Retrieved from
[6] Clémentine, R &Jacqueline, H (2012) Traditional Birth spacing Practices and Uptake of Family Planning during the Postpartum Period in Ouagadougou. international Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, vol.40,pp 87-96
[7] Esike, A; Ekwedigwe, E, & Umeora (2017).Barriers to family planning acceptance in Abakaliki, Nigeria. Tropical Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology | Published by Wolters Kluwer – Medknowwww.tjognline.com
[8] Etokiden, N; Etowa, S & Asuquo (2019) Family planning practice of rural community dwellers in Cross- River State.Nigeria journal of clinical practice available on line at http//www.njeponline.com
[9] National population Commission (2019, September 23). What is Nigeria’s current Population? Retrieved from https://nigerianfinder.com/population-of-nigeria/
[10] Olugbenga-B; Abodunrin G, & Adeomi (2011). Contraceptive practices among women in rural communities in South-Western Nigeria. Global Journal of Medical research Volume 11 Issue 2 Version 1.0 July 2011

Iorkosu, Tyover Samuel, Alugwa, Euphemia Dooyum, Anum, Orngu Jacob, Dooior, Daniel Tsembe “Use of Traditional Family Planning Methods among Women of Child Bearing Age in Kwande LGA of Benue State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.211-217 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/211-217.pdf

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Public Debt and It’s Implication on Kenya’s Future Economic Growth

Pollyne Mbithe Mutunga- August 2020 Page No.: 218-223

An upsurge of Kenya’s public debt has elicited public debate on whether these crises could affect the future generation. Thus, the study adopted VAR model using data from 1980 to 2019 to investigate the effect of public debt on the future generation. To do this, the study utilized the historical data for GDP (dependent) and Public debt (independent variable) to estimate GDP for the years 2020, 2021, and 2022. Results reveal that public debt could slow down Kenya’s economic growth for the next three years. It was recommended that the country need debt restructuring to free up some financial resources and enhance investment in productive sectors as a mitigation measure.

Page(s): 218-223                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 August 2020

 Pollyne Mbithe Mutunga
Machakos University, Machakos, Kenya

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Pollyne Mbithe Mutunga “Public Debt and It’s Implication on Kenya’s Future Economic Growth” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.218-223 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/218-223.pdf

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Indonesian Animation Industry: Its Mapping and Strategy Development

Eka Nurjati, Yan Rianto, Rika Wulandari, Ontin Fatmakartika – August 2020 Page No.: 224-234

The problem of the animation industry in Indonesia is the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) contribution of animation, video, and film sub sector is lower than other sub sectors, which is 0.17%. On the other side, Indonesia has a potency to grow the animation industry through creativity and human thought power. This research was a descriptive research which uses in-depth interviews. CV Imaji Studio, PT the Little Giantz, PT Ayena Mandiri Sinema, and PT Kinema Systrans Multimedia are the research object. Based on the analysis, the animation studios have many problems; such are a few numbers of animators, a few infrastructure facilities, the high price of technology, the low quality and quantity of both education and trainee. It needs the cooperation of the stakeholders to create the strategy development. Business sector, government, community, academy, and media are the stakeholders which play a role to develop the strategy. Business sector is the leader to develop co-working space, incubation scheme, and financial system. Communities have the role to establish the exhibition and training. Academicians have the function to make the education curriculum and developing the animation technology. Media is the channel distribution of animation products to promote them.

Page(s): 224-234                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 August 2020

 Eka Nurjati
Center For Utilization and Innovation of Science and Technology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor km 47, Cibinong, West Java – Indonesia (16911).

 Yan Rianto
Center For Utilization and Innovation of Science and Technology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor km 47, Cibinong, West Java – Indonesia (16911).

 Rika Wulandari
Center For Utilization and Innovation of Science and Technology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor km 47, Cibinong, West Java – Indonesia (16911).

 Ontin Fatmakartika
Center For Utilization and Innovation of Science and Technology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor km 47, Cibinong, West Java – Indonesia (16911).

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Eka Nurjati, Yan Rianto, Rika Wulandari, Ontin Fatmakartika “Indonesian Animation Industry: Its Mapping and Strategy Development” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.224-234 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/224-234.pdf

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Impact of Tekena. N. Tamuno on Nigerian Historiography

Gobo Prisca Abiye – August 2020 Page No.: 235-244

The aim of this article is to explain the development of Nigerian historiography and the place of Tekena Tamuno in it. For centuries, it was believed that Africa had no history. The only sources of African history were from outside the continent. The situation changed after the Second World War and particularly after African countries gained independence and became involved in the mainstream of things. As a second generation historian, he went beyond the popular emphasis on colonial administration at that time to deal with more important issues in the social, administrative and institutional history of Nigeria. This article will survey the growth and development of Nigerian historiography and Tamuno’s role in it.

Page(s): 235-244                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 August 2020

 Gobo Prisca Abiye
Department of History and Diplomatic Studies, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

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Gobo Prisca Abiye “Impact of Tekena. N. Tamuno on Nigerian Historiography” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.235-244 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/235-244.pdf

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Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation Implementation under Right to Education Act, 2009 in Rajasthan: Challenges and Possibilities

Varun Otari – August 2020 Page No.: 245-249

This paper is an exclusive exploratory study in order to understand the key challenges faced by the teachers in implementation of Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation under Right to Education Act, 2009. The analysis drawn in the study is from the experiences shared by the Govt. School teacher, research articles and on the basis of government published reports. An attempt is been made towards coming up with key possibilities in order to strengthen the existing implementation of the Act that eventually will contribute towards better learning levels of students.

Page(s): 245-249                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 29 August 2020

 Varun Otari

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[5] McCowan, T. (2010). Reframing the Universal Right to Education. Comparative Education , NOVEMBER 2010, Vol. 46, No. 4.
[6] Ministry of statistics and Programme Implementation, G. o. (2012). Children in India, 2012. New Delhi: Registrar General and Census Commissioner, india.
[7] Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, G. o. (2018). Children in India, 2018 – A Statistical Appraisal. Social Statistics Division of CSO, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
[8] Mukhopadhya, S. C. (2006). Primary Education as a Fundamental Right: Cost Implication. Economic & Political Weekly, Vol. 41, No35.
[9] Murdoch, J. (1863). National Education in India. Knowsley Pamphlet Collection, University of Liverpool.
[10] Parvathi, P. J. (2010). Right to Education Act 2009: Critical Gaps and Challenges. Economic & Political Weekly, Vol: XLV No. 13.
[11] Rao, P. (2008). Fundamental Right to Education . Journal of the Indian Law Institute, Vol. 50, No. 4.
[12] India, G. o. (1986). The National Policy on Education.

Varun Otari “Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation Implementation under Right to Education Act, 2009 in Rajasthan: Challenges and Possibilities” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.245-249 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/245-249.pdf

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COVID-19 and Informal Settlements: an urgent call to rethink.

Oguche, Christopher Joseph, Diyoke, Michael Chika, Andrew Noah Reigns – August 2020 Page No.: 250-258

Coronaviruses (Covid-19) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. The assessment of Covid-19 and informal settlements has remained relevant since it effect both human and it immediate environment and the world at large. The paper explores the concept of covid-19, settlements, informal settlements, characteristics of informal settlements, reduces risk factor for covid-19 in informal settlements, tackling covid-19 in informal Settlements and explains further Rio de Janeiro, Brazil case of covid-19. Suggestions from the paper that the government at all levels should provide adequate and functional amenities such as pipe borne water, health care facilities (testing skits), sanitation, soap, disinfectant, hand sanitizer, and overall personal protective equipment. Portable hand washing stations are critical in informal settlements. It brought to bear that cities must be empowered to assume stronger leadership in coordination roles and to take on responsibilities for health and security and the governance and management of public and urban affairs. They need to do all this with strong participation of all actors. This paper will help researchers, scholars, government, planners as well as related authorities to understand the concept of covid-19 and informal settlements, its effects and proffer ways to control and mitigate the trend of the viruses.

Page(s): 250-258                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 29 August 2020

 Oguche, Christopher Joseph
Department of Geography and Environmental Management University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria

 Diyoke, Michael Chika
Department of Sociology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Nigeria

 Andrew Noah Reigns
Department of Geography, Nigeria Defence Academy Kaduna, Kaduna Nigeria

[1] Chandran, R. (2020) Forced evictions illegal, slum dwellers have right to City: Delhi court. Reuters. 20 March 2019. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-india-landrights-court/forced-evictions-illegal-slum-dwellers-have-right-to-city-delhi-court-idUSKCN1R10V8.
[2] Kendi, I. (2020) Why don’t we know who the Coronavirus victims are? The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/04/stop-looking-away-race-covid-19-victims/609250/
[3] Annie W. (2020) Impact of covid-19 in informal settlements- are we paying enough attention, Institute of Development studies
[4] Johns Hopkins (2020) COVID-19 Resources Center. COVID-19 Case Tracker 2020. Available from: https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/.
[5] Walker P, Whittaker C, Watser O, Baguelin M, Ainslie K, Bhatia S, (2020). The Global Impact of COVID-19 and Strategies for Mitigation and Suppression. Imperial College London. 2020. doi: doi: https://doi.org/10.25561/77735.
[6] Makoni M. (2020) Africa prepares for coronavirus. The Lancet. 2020; 395 (10223):483. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30355-X.
[7] Ionnidis J, P. (2019) Coronavirus disease: The harms of exaggerated information and non-evidence-based measures. European Journal of Clinical Investigation. 50 (4). doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/eci.13223.
[8] Vigdor N. (2020) Man Fatally Poisons Himself While Self-Medicating for Coronavirus, Doctor Says. . The New York Times.
[9] UN-Habitat (2016) Urbanization and development: emerging futures. World Cities Report 2016. . Nairobi, Kenya: United Nations Human Settlemnets Programme (UN-Habitat).
[10] Dahab M, Zandvoort K, V, Flasche S, Warsame A, Spiegel P, Waldman J, (2020) COVID19 control in low-income settings and displaced populations: What can realistically be done?.
[11] UN-Habitat (2019). Kenya Habitat Country Programme Document (2018-2021). Nairobi, Kenya:.
[12] Ezeh A, Oyebode O, Satterthwaite D, Chen Y, Ndugwa R, Sartori J, (2017) The history, geography, and sociology of slums and the health problems of people who live in slums. The Lancet. 2017; 389 (10068):547-58. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31650-6.
[13] Thuany Rodrigues (2020) Strikes hard in Rio Janeiro’s many informal settlements, commentary.
[14] Olusegun Areola, Ohiwere, Irueghe, Kabiru Ahmed, Bola Adeleke and Goh Cheng Leing (2002) Certificate Physical and Human Geography University Press Plc Ibadan.
[15] Bunnett R.B. and Olatunde O.P (2003) General Geography in Diagrams for West Africa. Longman Press Plc.
[16] Gyamba Naderi, (2020) Exploring Contemporary Migration, Longman, New York
[17] Eckholm E.P (2013) Down to Earth- Environmental and Human needs. Notion and company New York.
[18] Muse S.D (2005) Introduction to Environmental Science (GEO 105) Lecture Module Department of Geography Science & Planning Kogi State University Anyigba, Kogi State.
[19] Ocholi (2005) Introductory Practical Geography (CEO 103) Lecture Module, Kogi State University Anyigba, Kogi State. Department of Geography & Planning.
[20] UN Habitat 2010 World Urbanization Prospect: The 1992 Revision: United Department of Economic, Social Information and Policy Analysis, New York USA.

Oguche, Christopher Joseph, Diyoke, Michael Chika, Andrew Noah Reigns “COVID-19 and Informal Settlements: an urgent call to rethink.” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.250-258 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/250-258.pdf

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The Influence of Bi Rate and Inflation on Mudharabah Deposits at Jabar Banten Islamic Bank

Sabik Khumaini, Muhammad Nurzansyah, Zainal Arif – August 2020 Page No.: 259-264

This research was conducted to analyze the influence of BI rate and inflation on mudharabah deposits in Jabar Banten Islamic Bank. The data used in this study are monthly data from January 2015 to December 2017. The analysis technique used is multiple linear regression and hypothesis testing using t-statistics to test the partial regression coefficient with a level of significance of 5%. Besides that, a classic assumption test is also conducted which included normality test, heteroscedasticity test, autocorrelation test and multicollinearity test. During the observation period, from January 2015 to December 2017, the results of the study do not find any classical assumptions deviations. This indicates that the available data met the requirements for the use of multiple regression equation models. The results show that BI rate has a significant negative effect on mudharabah deposits, with a level of significance smaller than 5%. Inflation has a positive and insignificant effect on mudharabah deposits, with a level of significance greater than 5%.

Page(s): 259-264                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 29 August 2020

 Sabik Khumaini
Sharia Banking school of Islamic Education Faculty of Muhammadiyah University Tangerang

 Muhammad Nurzansyah
Sharia Banking school of Islamic Education Faculty of Muhammadiyah University Tangerang

 Zainal Arif
Sharia Banking school of Islamic Education Faculty of Muhammadiyah University Tangerang

Journal article
[1]. Iskandar, Iskandar dan Firdaus, Iwan. (2014). Pengaruh Tingkat Suku Bunga, Inflasi dan Kurs Rupiah Terhadap Deposito Mudharabah dan Deposito Bank Konvensional Pada Perbankan di Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi dan Sosial, Vol 3, No.2.
[2]. Rahayu, Sri dan Siregar, Rahmadani. (2018). Pengaruh Bagi Hasil Deposito Mudharabah, Suku Bunga Berjangka Bank Indonesia Dan Inflasi Terhadap Jumlah Deposito Mudharabah PT. Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI) Syariah. Jurnal Riset Akuntansi Multiparadigma, Vol. 5. No. 1.
[3]. Rudiansyah,Afif. (2014). Pengaruh Inflasi, Bi Rate, PDB dan Nilai Tukar Rupiah Terhadap Simpanan Mudharabah Pada Bank Syariah di Indonesia Jurnal Ilmu Manajemen, Vol 2, No 2.
[4]. Syukriah Ali, Anita, Abu Hassan and Kartini. Kasim. (2012) Macroeconomics Variables and Its Impact to Mudharabah Investment Deposits in Malaysia. Elixir International Journal, Mgmt. 51.
Book
[5]. Abdullah Al-Mushlih dan Shalah Ash-Shawi. (2008) Fikih Ekonomi Keuangan Islam. Darul Haq, Jakarta.
[6]. Arthesa, Ade. (2016) Bank dan Lembaga Keuangan Bukan Bank. PT Indeks, Jakarta.
[7]. Ghofur Ansori, Abdul. (2018) Perbankan Syariah di Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.
[8]. Ghozali, Imam. (2013). Aplikasi Analisis Multivariate dengan Program SPSS 21. Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.
[9]. Ichsan, Nurul. (2014). Perbankan Syariah. GP Press Group, Tangerang.
[10]. Karim, Adiwarman. (2008). Ekonomi Makro Islam. Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta.
[11]. Kasmir. (2014). Bank dan Lembaga Keuangan Lainnya. Rajawali Pers, Jakarta.
[12]. Ismail. (2011). Perbankan Syariah. Prenada Media Group, Jakarta.
[13]. Muljono, Djoko (2015). Buku Pintar Akuntansi Perbankan dan Lembaga Keuangan Syariah. Andi offset, Yogyakarta.
[14]. Nurhayati, Sri dan Wasilah. (2015). Akuntansi Syariah di Indonesia. Salemba Empat, Jakarta.
[15]. Sukirno ,Sadono. (2013). Makro Ekonomi Teori Pengantar. Rajawali, Jakarta.
[16]. Suwiknyo, Dwi. (2009). Kompilasi Tafsir Ayat-ayat Ekonomi Islam. Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta.
[17]. Yunaldi, Wendra. (2007). Potret Perbankan Syariah di Indonesia. Centralis, Jakarta.

Sabik Khumaini, Muhammad Nurzansyah, Zainal Arif “The Influence of Bi Rate and Inflation on Mudharabah Deposits at Jabar Banten Islamic Bank” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.259-264 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/259-264.pdf

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The Second Demographic Dividend: The Challenge for Uganda

James Kizza, Amonya David, Kigosa Nathan- August 2020 Page No.: 265-272

Purpose: To investigate the challenges of Uganda’s demographic structure in relation to the country’s ability to harness a demographic dividend
Design/Methodology/Approach: We analyze secondary data from the World Bank data base on Uganda for the period 1983 to 2017. This data is supplemented with secondary data from the Uganda Bureau of Statistics. We run a multiple regression test to enable us predict the likely contribution of the selected demographic characteristic towards the country’s GDP per capita growth and check the robustness of the model by conducting various tests such as the Breusch Godfrey and Arch tests.
Findings: Results show that: GDP growth, age dependency ratio– young & old and annual urban population growth have a positive impact on per capita GDP growth while young dependency ratio, total population, annual population growth and mortality under 5 have a negative impact on per capita GDP. Collectively, the demographic characteristics studied explain 93.9% towards the country’s potential to harness the demographic dividend (Adjusted R-square 0.9391; p‹0.000).
Practical implications: Although there exists studies relating to demographic characteristics to the demographic dividend, none of the studies identified particularly deals with Uganda singularly. Most studies study Uganda in relation to other countries. This study handles Uganda’s case to exploit the demographic dividend given the studied demographic structure of the country. The study brings to light that with the right policies and institutions in place based on evidence provided by the study, the potential for Uganda enjoying the demographic dividend exists.
Originality/value: This study shows how Uganda can exploit her demographic structure to enjoy a demographic dividend

Page(s): 265-272                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 August 2020

 James Kizza
Department of Economics and Statistics, Kyambogo University

 Amonya David
Department of Economics and Statistics, Kyambogo University

 Kigosa Nathan
Department of Economics and Statistics, Kyambogo University

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[19] Worldometer (www.Worldometers,info- accessed July 14th 2020)

James Kizza, Amonya David, Kigosa Nathan “The Second Demographic Dividend: The Challenge for Uganda” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.265-272 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/265-272.pdf

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Moderating Effect of Firm Size on the Relationship between Joint Marketing Alliances and Firm Performance of Retail Firms in Nairobi County, Kenya

Rosemary Muvinya Muange, Ng’etich Willy Kiptoo – August 2020 Page No.: 273-284

The study investigates the Moderating effects of firm size on the relationship between joint marketing alliances and the firm performance of retail firms in Nairobi County. The aim of the study was to evaluate the direct influence of joint marketing alliances on firm performance and the moderating effects of firm size on the relationship between joint marketing alliance and firm performance Resource Dependency Theory was used to guide the study. The study adopted explanatory research design. The target population of the study consisted of 490 top management officials working in the 47 retail firms in Nairobi County, Kenya. The study used stratified and simple random sampling technique to select a sample of 216 respondents. Data is quantitative and was collected using a questionnaire. The study used both descriptive and inferential statistics so multiple regression was used as it is the most applicable in this study. Correlation analysis was used to determine the strength of linear relationship between the variables being analyzed in the research. Study findings indicated that joint marketing alliance, has significant effect on firm performance. Based on the findings creating a joint marketing enhances firm performance. In addition, findings indicated under high firm size increase on firm performance. Furthermore, the study found out that firm size has a moderating effect on the relationship between joint marketing alliance and firm performance. The study recommends that firms need to share research and development resources with its strategic partners, shares manufacturing cost to develop marketable products. Firms have to engage in joint marketing alliances with firms that have well-established customer relationships so as increase their market and thereby enhance performance. Finally, It is necessary for firms to engage in joint marketing alliances with others and joint promotion services and product with other firms in order to enhance firm performance.

Page(s): 273-284                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 August 2020

 Rosemary Muvinya Muange
Department of Quantitative Skills and Development Studies, School of Human Resource Development, University of Eldoret, Kenya

 Ng’etich Willy Kiptoo
Department of Quantitative Skills and Development Studies, School of Human Resource Development, University of Eldoret, Kenya

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Rosemary Muvinya Muange, Ng’etich Willy Kiptoo “Moderating Effect of Firm Size on the Relationship between Joint Marketing Alliances and Firm Performance of Retail Firms in Nairobi County, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.273-284 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/273-284.pdf

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The Influence of Media on Obstetric Health Behavior in Northern Bangladesh

Md. Bokul Hossain, Dr. Md. Siddiqur Rahman & Sonya Farhana Sony – August 2020 Page No.: 285-292

Media is a part and parcel of daily life and influences every sphere of life. The present study seeks to understand the influence of media on obstetric health behavior. Survey method has been executed to conduct the study. The research shows that media plays a vital role in obstetric health fields. Besides, there is a significant association between respondent’s media engagement and the performance of obstetric health behaviors like ANC visits, getting assistance of skilled health personnel during delivery or types of birth attendant, intake of iron tablets and vaccination of mother (TT).

Page(s): 285-292                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 August 2020

 Md. Bokul Hossain
Lecturer, Department of Sociology, Varendra University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

 Dr. Md. Siddiqur Rahman
Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

 Sonya Farhana Sony
Lecturer, Department of Sociology, Jatiya Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh

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Md. Bokul Hossain, Dr. Md. Siddiqur Rahman & Sonya Farhana Sony “The Influence of Media on Obstetric Health Behavior in Northern Bangladesh” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.285-292 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/285-292.pdf

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Socio-economic Determinants of Farmland Management Practices in Ido Local Government Area Oyo State, Nigeria

Isaac, O. Oyewo, Oreoluwa, B. Ajayi, Dami, A. Aruwajoye, Oyetundun, O Olawale, Ifeoluwa, D. Olunlade – August 2020 Page No.: 293-298

The study examined the socio-economic Determinants of Farmland Management Practices in Ido Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria. Specific objectives of the study were to examine the socio-economic determinant of farmland management practices of the farmers, examine the distribution of the respondents according to agricultural practices and physical input, observed the distribution of the respondents based on farmland management practices used and to study the problem encountered with possible solutions. Purposive sampling technique was used to select sixty farmers for the study. Data collection was obtained from primary source with the aid of well- structured questionnaires and personal interview schedule were used in data collection. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistical tools such as frequency, distribution and percentage to describe the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers and presented in the form of table in the study. The result showed that 43% of the farmers were male: 20.7% were single: 44.3% were within age range of 50-59years: 34.4% had primary school education: 67.2% were native of Yoruba land: 73.8% belongs to Christianity religion: 41.0% had household size between 4-6: 52.5% does not belong to farmers association, while 70.5% does not have access to agricultural extension, 47.5% had between 1-5years of farming experience, 42.6% of the respondents earn ₦100000-₦300000, 41% had farm size of 1-4hectares, 45.9% had their farm at about 1-5km to their homestead, 42.2% used both tractor and simple farm tools for land preparation techniques, 48.3% practiced two cropping system, 21.3% planted different type of tuber crop: It also revealed that 16.7% of the respondents encountered the problem of land tenure. The study recommended the needs of environmental education, legislation and enforcement of farmland management laws. The Federal Government should as a matter of urgency allocate higher percentage of her annual budget to Agriculture in order to boast agricultural production.

Page(s): 293-298                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 August 2020

 Isaac, O. Oyewo
Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria

 Oreoluwa, B. Ajayi
Department of Forest Products and Utilisation, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria Ibadan, Nigeria

 Dami, A. Aruwajoye
Department of Forest Technology, Federal College of Agriculture Akure, Nigeria

 Oyetundun, O Olawale
Department of Forest Economics and Extension, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria Ibadan, Nigeria

 Ifeoluwa, D. Olunlade
Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria

[1] Adekoya, A.E., and M.A. Ajayi. (2000). An assessment of farmer’s awareness and practices of land management techniques in Ido Local Government Area of Oyo State. Journal of Environmental Extension1 (1) Pp. 98-105.
[2] Adesimi, A.A. (2008). Definition of Farm Management. Inaugural lecture series 110. Pp 18
[3] Ebii, C.O. (2000). A guide in rural sociology for students of agricultural science in adeveloping economy. Enugu: Snap Press. Egbule, P.E. (2004): Fundamentals and practice of agricultural education. Owerri: Economic Development and Cultural Change 33. 25
[4] Garcia, Y.T. (2000). Analysis of farmer decision to adopt soil conservation technologies for smallholder farming system in the Philippine Uplands. AVIAR Monograph No.78.
[5] Ekumankama, O.O. and E.M. Igbokwe (2002). Woman participation in agric-business in Oboro Area of Abia State .Journal of Sustainable Agriculture and Environment. (4)1.60-68
[6] Ervin, C.A & D.E. Ervin. (1982). Factors affecting the uses of soil conservation practices; hypotheses, evidence and policy implication. Land Economics. 58 (3), 277-292.
[7] Fakoya, E.O. (2001). An assessment of the degree of sustainable environmental management practices by farmers in Ifedore local Government of Ondo State. Journal of Environmental Extension (2)1.P.3
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[11] Madu, I.A. (2001). Population and environmental problems in: Ofomata, G.E.K and P.O.Phil-Eze (Eds) Geographical Perspectives on Environmental Problems and Management in Nigeria. Enugu. Zamoe.P.80-82.
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[13] O.latunji, O. J. (2003). The effect of socio-economic characteristics of farmers on land degradation in the derived guinea savannah ecological zone of Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental issues.1 (1) Development Universal Consortia.237-243.
[14] Onumadu, F.N. (2001). Determinants of adoption of agro-forestry practices by small-scale farmers in Katsina State, Nigeria, Unpublished PhD Thesis. Pg.141.
[15] Ouma, J., Murithi, F., Mwangi, W, Verkuijl, H., Gethi M, and De Groote, H. (2002). Adoption of Maize Seed and Fertilizer Technologies in Embu District, Kenya. CIMMYT (International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center), Mexico, D.F.
[16] Rahm, R., and Huffman, W. (1984). The Adoption of Reduced Tillage: The Role of Human Capital and Other Variables. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 66(4): 405-413.
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[18] Reardon, T., Stamoulis, K., and Pingali, P. (2007). “Rural Nonfarm Employment in Developing Countries in an era of Globalization.” Agricultural Economics 37:173–183.
[19] Ridgley, M.,and Brush, B. (1992).Social factors and selective technology adoption: the case of integrated pest management, Human org. 51: 367-378.

Isaac, O. Oyewo, Oreoluwa, B. Ajayi, Dami, A. Aruwajoye, Oyetundun, O Olawale, Ifeoluwa, D. Olunlade “Socio-economic Determinants of Farmland Management Practices in Ido Local Government Area Oyo State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.293-298 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/293-298.pdf

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Suggested Approaches to Achieve Effective Implementation of Strategies to Revive Manufacturing Companies in Bulawayo Metropolitan Province

Dr. Fainos Chinjova, Tichafa Chiramba, Primrose Ncube – August 2020 Page No.: 299-302

The study examined issues that need to be addressed by the Government of Zimbabwe before they could implement strategies to revive the manufacturing sector in Bulawayo in order for the strategies to produce tangible results. An interpretivism paradigm was adopted in order to generate a lot of data in the field and from the site where participants experienced the problem. The study used a multiple case study design involving 20 manufacturing companies operating in Bulawayo which facilitated a holistic and in-depth investigation of the issues that need to be taken into account in order to ensure effectiveness of the strategies implemented to revive the manufacturing sector in Bulawayo. The findings of the study were that the Government needs to address corruption, avail funds to manufacturing companies, review investment laws, improve the supply of water and electricity in Bulawayo, introduce cheap mode of transport to the manufacturing sector, review the Indigenisation and Empowerment Act, review tax laws and allow manufacturing companies to procure their own fuel from neighbouring countries.

Page(s): 299-302                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 August 2020

 Dr. Fainos Chinjova
Graduate School of Business. National University of Science and Technology, Ascot, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

 Tichafa Chiramba
Graduate School of Business. National University of Science and Technology, Ascot, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

 Primrose Ncube
Graduate School of Business. National University of Science and Technology, Ascot, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

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[2] Chitemba, P (2011). Mail and Guardian. 22 June 2014.
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[11] Davies, R (2007): Industry and Accumulation in Africa. London: Heinemann
[12] Moyo. S (2000): Land Reform and Structural adjustment in Zimbabwe: Land Use Change in the Mashonaland provinces. Uppsala: Nardiska Afrika Institute.
[13] Mugumisi, N. (2014). Microeconomic Determinants of Migrant Remittances into Zimbabwe: A Survey of Zimbabweans in Botswana and South Africa. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, 2(3), 201 – 210.
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[18] The Solidarity Peace Trust (2011). Matabeleland: urban deindustrialization ‐ and rural hunger. [Online]. Available at http://solidaritypeacetrust.org/download/report-files/Hard%20Times%20Nov%202011.pdf.

Dr. Fainos Chinjova, Tichafa Chiramba, Primrose Ncube “Suggested Approaches to Achieve Effective Implementation of Strategies to Revive Manufacturing Companies in Bulawayo Metropolitan Province” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.299-302 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/299-302.pdf

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Auditor’s Independence (AUDINDP) and the Quality of Financial Reporting (FRQ) in Listed Deposit Money Banks (DMB’s) in Nigeria

Professor Owolabi, S.A., Afolayan, Oluwatobi – August 2020 Page No.: 303-309

This research evaluates the impact of the AUDINDP on the quality of FRQ in listed DMB’s in Nigeria. The necessity for auditors’ independence is fundamental for completion of the audit reporting process. Autonomy of the auditor reveals in technical, investigative as well as reporting practices. For an audit report to be openly certified as capturing the true picture of things, the auditors ought to be viewed to be certainly autonomous. The population for this research comprised of 20 listed DMB’s in Nigeria. Purposive non-probability sampling method was employed to select the sample of ten (10) banks. Secondary data was adopted and likewise gathered from certified corporate annual report of the sampled DMB’s. Descriptive tests, correlation analysis as well as panel OLS regression was adopted for analysis purposes. The research discovered that there exists a positive association amid AUDINDP and FRQ in DMB’s. AUDINDP is a major audit quality in financial reporting. Auditors and professional accountants should follow the integrity of autonomy to realize credibility as well as reliability demanded from FR.

Page(s): 303-309                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 August 2020

 Professor Owolabi, S.A.
Professor, Department of Accounting, Babcock University, Nigeria

 Afolayan, Oluwatobi
Department of Accounting, Babcock University, Nigeria

[1] Adeyemi, S. B., &Okpala, O. (2011). The impact pf audit independence on financial reporting: Evidence from Nigeria. Business and Management Review, 1 (4), 9-25.
[2] Albeksh, H. M. (2017). Factors affecting the independence of the external auditor within the auditing profession.International Journal of Management and Commerce Innovations, 4 (2), 680-689.
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Professor Owolabi, S.A., Afolayan, Oluwatobi “Auditor’s Independence (AUDINDP) and the Quality of Financial Reporting (FRQ) in Listed Deposit Money Banks (DMB’s) in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.303-309 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/303-309.pdf

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Social Media: A Way Forward in Students’ Perception of French Language in Junior Secondary Schools in Benin Metropolis

ALUFOHAI, Peace Joan – August 2020 Page No.: 310-313

Over the years, the lackadaisical way in which students, parents and the society in general treat French language in Nigeria is very worrisome. Thus, this study is geared towards investigating the place of social media in students’ learning abilities in French. The simple random sampling technique was used to select a sample of 100 JSS 3 students in 5 private junior secondary schools in Benin metropolis, Edo State. The descriptive survey design was used for the study. A four point Likert type rating scale questionnaire was adopted for the study. The descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentage were used to analyse the demographic data while chi-square statistics was used in testing the research hypothesis. The findings of the study revealed that majority of the JSS 3 students use social media wrongly and that social media can be used to enhance students’ perception of French. Based on the findings, it was recommended that social media should be used by French language teachers to enhance students’ perception of the subject. In addition, social networking sites should be expanded to enhance academic activities.

Page(s): 310-313                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 August 2020

 ALUFOHAI, Peace Joan
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Faculty of Education Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma

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ALUFOHAI, Peace Joan “Social Media: A Way Forward in Students’ Perception of French Language in Junior Secondary Schools in Benin Metropolis” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.310-313 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/310-313.pdf

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Impact of Modified Game Based Activities in Motor Control and Functional Outcome of Stroke Patients

Nighat Tahir, Sana Nauman, Shankar Ahuja, Dr Madiha Zia – August 2020 Page No.: 314-319

Background: Stroke is one of the most common causes of physical disability, and early, intensive, and repetitive rehabilitation exercises are crucial to the recovery of stroke survivors. Unfortunately, research shows that only one third of stroke patients actually perform recommended exercises at home, because of the repetitive and mundane nature of conventional rehabilitation exercises. Thus, to motivate stroke survivors to engage in monotonous rehabilitation is a significant issue in the therapy process. Game-based rehabilitation systems have the potential to encourage patients continuing rehabilitation exercises
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate/explore the effect /impact of modified game based activity that improve hand functioning
Method: This study was conducted at Institute of physical medicine and rehabilitation DOW University of health sciences. 15 patients those included were diagnosed as stroke through randomized control trial; patients having muscle grade 3, aged between 20-50, acute cases were included .All patients received conventional therapy and additional game based activities 4 days a week. Sports based therapy included Basket Ball, Balloon Bounce, Volley Ball, Cricket, and Football .These 5 activities covered with warm up and cool down exercises. Pre and post assessment is done by Fugal Mayer and Chadock scale.
Result: There is significant difference in baseline pre and post assessment of fugal Mayer and CAHAI scoring Wilcoxon signed rank test was performed. Value of p<0.05 In fugal Mayer A Wilcoxon Signed-Ranks Test indicated that posttest score was significantly higher than pretest Z = -3.413, p < .001 total measure of upper extremity and lower extremity as well as shoulder external rotation ,wrist ability adduction, opposition of thumb ,and grip if individually measured it also showed significant value of p<.001
Conclusion: Modified sports can turn the rehabilitation exercises more appealing and provide innate motivation to individual. The participants experienced increased quality of life, a greater propensity to use their affected arm and enhanced task performance

Page(s): 314-319                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 August 2020

  Nighat Tahir
Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakisthan

  Sana Nauman
Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakisthan

  Shankar Ahuja
Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakisthan

  Dr Madiha Zia
Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakisthan

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Nighat Tahir, Sana Nauman, Shankar Ahuja, Dr Madiha Zia “Impact of Modified Game Based Activities in Motor Control and Functional Outcome of Stroke Patients” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.314-319 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/314-319.pdf

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Either Women or Men Make Superior Managers and Leaders: A Critique

Dr. Chipo Mutongi – August 2020 Page No.: 320-325

Women were regarded as inferior and sometimes are still regarded as inferior to men and looked down upon. They are sometimes underestimated in issues regarding leadership and management as they are stereotyped and regarded as not being capable of being at the top. This belief came as a result of how men and women are socialized. In actual sense there is little reason to believe that either women or men make superior managers or different types of managers. Hoverer, there are some little differences but this is socially constructed.

Page(s): 320-325                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 01 September 2020

 Dr. Chipo Mutongi
PhD, MSc, MBA, BA, HND-LIS, Dip-Edu, Dip-LIS, Dip-Personnel Mgnt, Dip- Salaries Admn.
Midlands State University, Zimbabwe Open University, City of Harare, Associate Chief Editor-IJDS

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Dr. Chipo Mutongi “Either Women or Men Make Superior Managers and Leaders: A Critique” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.320-325 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/320-325.pdf

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The Effect of Challenge-Based Learning on the Mastery of Discourse Analysis Subject

Hery Yufrizal, Cucu Sutarsyah, Feni Munifatullah – August 2020 Page No.: 326-330

The objectives of this study are to investigate whether Challenge-Based Learning can improve the mastery of Discourse Analysis subject at the English study Program of the University of Lampung, and to investigate the factors that significantly influence the mastery of Discourse Analysis subject taught through Challenge-Based Learning at the English study Program of the University of Lampung. This study used quasi-experimental research design. The subjects of this study were students enrolled as participants at ‘Discourse Analysis’ subject at the Universitas Lampung. In this case, the students served both as the population and sample of the study. The results show that there was a significant difference of students’ achievement in three challenge-based learning activities. Challenge 1 (read, write, and present) got better result of learning compared to Challenge 2 (read, relate, present). There was no significant difference between Challenge 2 and Challenge 3 (read, illustrate, present, and argue), while there was a significant difference of achievement between Challenge 1 and Challenge 3

Page(s): 326-330                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 September 2020

 Hery Yufrizal
Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

 Cucu Sutarsyah
Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

 Feni Munifatullah
Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

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[3] Costa, A., Lucena, C., Lemos H., Carvalho, G., Fuks, H., & Venieris, R. (2018). Multidisciplinary groups learning to develop mobile applications from the challenge-based learning methodology. 318-327.
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Hery Yufrizal, Cucu Sutarsyah, Feni Munifatullah “The Effect of Challenge-Based Learning on the Mastery of Discourse Analysis Subject” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.326-330 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/326-330.pdf

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Influence of Organizational Resource Allocation and Strategy Communication on Organizational Performance of Selected Supermarkets in Nairobi County

Priscillah Wanjiru Gitau, Robert Abayo, Mary Kibuine – August 2020 Page No.: 331-340

In Kenya, supermarkets have witnessed challenging times due to unpredictable business environment. In recent times, the industry has seen some of the largest players like Uchumi and Nakumatt close most of their outlets. Therefore, this study assessed strategy implementation on organizational performance of the supermarkets in Nairobi County. Specifically, the study looked at organizational resource allocation, strategy communication, senior management support, monitoring and control of strategies and how they affect organizational performance of selected supermarkets in Nairobi County. The resource based view theory, agency theory and institutional theory were used. The study adopted a descriptive research design and it targeted 27 supermarkets operating in Nairobi County and its management staff who included the operations and human resource managers. The target respondents were 54, two from each of the supermarkets. A census was used thus all of the 54 respondents were included in the study . Hence, the unit of analysis were the 27 supermarkets in Nairobi County while the accessible population were the operations and human resource managers. The researcher collected information using structured questionnaires. A description of patterns in the collected data was done using mean, standard deviation, frequencies and percentages. Regression analysis was used to establish the relationship between strategy implementation and its effect on performance of the selected supermarkerts in Nairobi county so that relevant conclusions could be made. The findings were presented in the form of tables, figures, charts and discussions. The study established that monitoring and control of strategies had the largest effect on organizational performance followed by strategy communication, organizational resource allocation and lastly senior management support. This study concluded that strategy implementation had a postive and significant effect on organizational performance. The study recommended that the management of the supermarkets in Nairobi County should ensure that controls in strategy seek to optimize performance of their supermarkets while monitoring strategy implementation activities should seek to enable supermarkets in Nairobi County to minimize wastage of available resources.

Page(s): 331-340                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 September 2020

 Priscillah Wanjiru Gitau
Master of Business Administration (Strategic Management), St. Paul’s University, Kenya

 Robert Abayo
Lecturer, Faculty of Business, Computer Science and Communication Studies, St. Paul’s University, Kenya

 Priscillah Wanjiru Gitau
Lecturer, Faculty of Business, Computer Science and Communication Studies, St. Paul’s University, Kenya

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Priscillah Wanjiru Gitau, Robert Abayo, Mary Kibuine “Influence of Organizational Resource Allocation and Strategy Communication on Organizational Performance of Selected Supermarkets in Nairobi County” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.331-340 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/331-340.pdf

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Interpretations of English Nominal Elements by Kamba Speakers in Kenya

Nicholas Kilonzo Kivuva, Dr. Gerry Ayieko – August 2020 Page No.: 341-348

Language principles are innate and all human beings are endowed with such ability to acquire and be competent in any human language. Notably, there are subtle variations in languages occasioned by its morphological property. As such, once morphological units have been acquired the language principles work naturally in constraining the language use. Some of the language principles which are innate and part of adult syntactic knowledge are the binding theory principles. Binding theory constrains the use of NPs in languages; there are asymmetrical results, however, on binding theory based research on knowledge of the binding principles among young children cross-linguistically see (Mustafawi & Mahfoudhi, 2005). To investigate the innateness of binding principles among L2 learners; the current study looked at Kenyan form one students who have studied English nominal elements for more than seven years. The aim was to describe knowledge in nominal elements and how the students subconsciously interpret and use the binding principles as guided by the innate linguistic ability. Judgment test was used to elicit data from two different schools an experimental and a controlled one. The experimental school had studied a recommended class reader where an extract was lifted and students given seventeen test questions on nominal elements. Students were also given fifty questions on match and mismatch binding theory sentences (BT sentences hence forth) for interpretation. Lastly, the students wrote essays where BT sentences were extracted from their essays for judgment. Both phrase markers and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. An Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was carried to point out any significance difference in interpretation of the nominal elements within and between the two groups. The abstract linguistic ability among the form one students was evident from the students’ use of nominal elements in spontaneous essay writing where 70% use of BT sentences was grammatical. Comprehensional skills which precede production skills lead to below chance in identification of nominal elements in context and interpretation of both match and mismatch nominal items in the BT sentences.

Page(s): 341-348                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 September 2020

 Nicholas Kilonzo Kivuva
Department of Literature, Linguistic and Foreign Languages, Kenyatta University, Nairobi- Kenya

 Dr. Gerry Ayieko
Department of Literature, Linguistic and Foreign Languages, Kenyatta University, Nairobi- Kenya

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Nicholas Kilonzo Kivuva, Dr. Gerry Ayieko “Interpretations of English Nominal Elements by Kamba Speakers in Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.341-348 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/341-348.pdf

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The Potential Impacts of Financial Literacy on the Economy through the Formulation and Implementation of Monetary Policy by Central Bank of Nigeria

Chief Ajugwe, Chukwu Alphonsus Ph.D. – August 2020 Page No.: 349-356

Financial Literacy being the potent tool that drives the economy is quite necessary in the transmission of monetary policy outcome to the economy. The cardinal argument is that if the economic actors are not financial literate, they will be incapable of the interpreting and having in-depth understanding of the monetary policy frameworks as enunciated by monetary authorities. Financial literacy serves also as a strategic weapon for making positive and efficient investments by consumers and organizations which makes the critical sectors of the economy to get the required boast.
The success of the Financial Literacy will not only have profound impact on monetary policy but also on financial inclusion which will make it possible for every eligible adult to open bank account, in order to access all the banking services such as savings, deposits, loans and avail themselves to Information Communication Technology (ICT) as well. It is imperative to state that it will be accompanied with additional benefits such as e-banking and the use of Automatic Teller Machines (ATMs) which assured speedy transaction and convenience to consumers and the banking industry. In reality financial literacy is not only pivotal for financial inclusion but a critical component in providing strategic lead in achieving financial stability and cashless policy which generates multiple advantages both to the customers and banks alike because of its cost minimization and convenience .
The paper will examine in-depth the monetary policy and financial literacy, a robust approach on the impacts of both the financial literacy and monetary policy as being formulated and implemented by the monetary authorities will be undertaken. In addition the challenges, recommendations, and the conclusions will be critically analyzed.

Page(s): 349-356                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 03 September 2020

 Chief Ajugwe, Chukwu Alphonsus Ph.D.

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Chief Ajugwe, Chukwu Alphonsus Ph.D. “The Potential Impacts of Financial Literacy on the Economy through the Formulation and Implementation of Monetary Policy by Central Bank of Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.349-356 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/349-356.pdf

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Factors That Cause Someone to Become A Beggar in Traffic Lights of Sultan Agung Street, Way Halim Sub-District

Hamda Wara, Dr. Trisnaningsih, M.Si., Dr. Sugeng Widodo, M.Pd. – August 2020 Page No.: 357-359

This study aims to describe the factors that cause someone to beg at the traffic lights of Sultan Agung Street, Way Halim Sub-District, Bandar Lampung City in 2019. The research method uses qualitative research methods. The data collection techniques in this study are observation and in-depth interviews.
The results of this study concluded that the main factor that causes a person to become a beggar at the Sultan Agung Traffic Lights in Way Halim sub-district was poverty. Another factor that causes someone to become a beggar was the low level of education and hereditary habit factors, as well as the laziness feeling to work. For beggars, begging was a way or reaction to be able to survive in life.

Page(s): 357-359                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 03 September 2020

 Hamda Wara
Master of Social Science Education, FKIP Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

 Dr. Trisnaningsih, M.Si.
Master of Social Science Education, FKIP Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

 Dr. Sugeng Widodo, M.Pd.
Master of Social Science Education, FKIP Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

[1] Effendi, Noer. 1993. Sumber Daya Manusia, Peluang Kerja dan Kemiskinan. Tiara Wacana : Yogyakarta.
[2] Irawan, Dimas Dwi. 2013. Pengemis Undercover ( rahasia seputar kehidupan pengemis). Titik Media: Jakarta.
[3] Soekanto, Soerjono. 1985. Sosiologi Suatu Pengantar. CV Rajawali : Jakarta.
[4] Soetrisno, Loekman. 1997. Kemiskinan, Perempuan, dan Pemberdayaan. Kanisius : Yogyakarta.
[5] Sugiyono. 2014. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan, Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif , dan R&D. Alfabeta: Bandung.

Hamda Wara, Dr. Trisnaningsih, M.Si., Dr. Sugeng Widodo, M.Pd. “Factors That Cause Someone to Become A Beggar in Traffic Lights of Sultan Agung Street, Way Halim Sub-District ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.357-359 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/357-359.pdf

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Constraints and Extent of Participation of Rural Women in Turmeric (Curcuma longap L.) Farming in Jaba Local Government Area of Kaduna State

Balogun O.S, Owonibi, B .D, Olafemi, S O, and Alabi O, F – August 2020 Page No.: 360-364

The study examined the constraints and extent of participation of rural women in Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) farming in Jaba Local Government Area of Kaduna State. Primary data was collected through the use of structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and likert type scale were used to analyse the data. The result revealed that the respondents were young with a mean age of about 31years, most 70(70%) of the respondents had a minimum of secondary school education. Women were found to participate highly in most farm activities involved in Turmeric farming except ploughing and chemical application. Fluctuation in price, pest and diseases were important factors that significantly constrained Turmeric farming in the area. The study recommended that the farmers should take advantage of associations and cooperative to bargain for better prices. Also, extension activities should be stepped up to forestall the incidence of pest and diseases.

Page(s): 360-364                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 September 2020

 Balogun O.S
Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Federal College of Forestry Mechanisation, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Afaka, Mando Kaduna

 Rachael Seun OLUWADARE
Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Federal College of Forestry Mechanisation, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Afaka, Mando Kaduna

 Olafemi, S O
Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Federal College of Forestry Mechanisation, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Afaka, Mando Kaduna

 Alabi O, F
Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Federal College of Forestry Mechanisation, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Afaka, Mando Kaduna

[1] Adegbola AA, Onayinka EAO (2006). A Review of Range Management Problems in Southern and Derived Savanna Zones of Nigeria. Trop. Grasslands 10(1): PP. 41-51.
[2] Bilkisu A. M (2011). Women Participation in Agriculture: The Role And Impact of Agricultural Development Project (ADP) in Kogi State. Published M. Sc Thesis Submitted to the Postgraduate School Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
[3] Butt T.M, Hossa Z.Y, Memood K and Muhammad S. (2010). Roles of women in agriculture A case study of rural Lahor . Pakistan J.Agric Soc. Sci. Vol 6(3) 54-56
[4] FAO (2003). Women Statistics in Agriculture. A Paper Presented at UNIFEM – ESCAP Workshop held at Bangkok – Thailand, 8 – 10 January. Accessed 5th july, 2019 from http://www.unescap.org/stat/meet/iags/iags_gender_agri.pdf.
[5] FAO (2011). Women in Agriculture – Making a Strong Case for Investing in Women. Rome: FAO.
[6] Fabiyi, E.F., B.B Danladi, K.E, Akande and Y, Mahmood. (2007). “Role of Women in Agricultural Development and Their Constraints: A Case Study of Biliri Local Government Area of Gombe State, Nigeria”. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 6 (6): 676 – 680.
[7] Jilani M.S, Waseem K, Habib-ur-Reman M, Kiran G, Ahmad.J (2001). Performance of Different TumericCultivars in Derah Ismail Khan. Pakistan J. Agric. Sci. 49: 47-5
[8] Olife I.C, Onwualu A.P, Uchegbu K.I, Jolaoso M.A (2013). Status Assessment of Spice Resources in Nigeria. J Biol, Agric Healthcare 3(9):12-18.
[9] Karim MR, Abedul H, Khairul A, Nurshad AS, Kazi A, Zahangir H, Ekhtear F, Abul A, Anwarul H, Seiichiro H, K(2010).Protective effects of the dietary supplementation of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) on sodium arsenite-induced biochemical perturbation in mice. Bangladesh Med Res Council Bull 36: 82-88
[10] Olojede AO, Iluebbey P, Dixon AGO (2005).IITA/NRCRI Collaborative Germplasm and data collection on minor Root and Tuber Crops in Nigeria. In: Annual report 2005, National Root Crops Research Institute, Umudike: pp.77-81.
[11] Olojede AO, Nwokocha CC (2011). A decade of research on minor root and tuber crops at NRCRI: The contribution towards food sufficiency and economic empowerment in Nigeria, In: Root and Tuber Crops Research for Food Security and Empowerment.
[12] Olojede AO, Nwokocha CC, Akinpelu AO, Dalyop T (2009). Effect of Variety, Rhizome and Seed Bed Types on Yield of Turmeric (Curcuma longa L) under a Humid Tropical Agro-Ecol. Adv. Biol. Res. 3:40-42.
[13] Rahman, S.A. and J.F. Alamu, 2003. Estimating the level of women interest in agriculture the application of logit regression model. Nig. J. Sci. Res., 4: 45-49.
[14] Ravindran PN, Babu KN, Sivaranan K (2007). Turmeric: the genus Curcuma: medicinal and aromatic plants – industrial profiles. CRC press, Boca Raton, 484p.
[15] Sasikumar B (2005). Genetic resources of curcuma: diversity, characterization and utilization Plant Genet Res 3: 230-251.
[16] Sigrist MS, Pinheiro JB, Azevado-Filho JA, Zucchi MI (2011).Genetic divergence among Brazilian turmeric germ plasmusingmorpho-agronomical descriptors. Crop Breeding and Appl. Biotechnol. 11: 70-76.
[17] Wikipedia, (2016). National Population commission of Nigeria.Bureau of statistics. Retrieved July 2019 at https: //citypopulation.de.php/nigeria

Balogun O.S, Owonibi, B .D, Olafemi, S O, and Alabi O, F “Constraints and Extent of Participation of Rural Women in Turmeric (Curcuma longap L.) Farming in Jaba Local Government Area of Kaduna State” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.360-364 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/360-364.pdf

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Comparison of the Use of the Quick on the Draw Cooperative Learning Model and the Guided Inquiry Learning Type against Student Learning Outcomes

Sulasmi, Pargito, Risma Margaretha Sinaga – August 2020 Page No.: 365-368

This research was aimed at finding out (1) the differences between the students’ achievement that used cooperative learning model of quick on the draw type and the students’ achievement that used guided inquiry learning model, (2) the effect of using cooperative learning model of quick on the draw type on the students’ learning achievement. (3) the effectivities of using cooperative learning model of quick on the draw type on the students’ learning achievement. Quasi experiment was used in this study. The populations were the students at class XI Social 1 and 2. To analyze the data, T-Test and linear regression analysis were used. The results showed that (1) there was a difference between the students’ achievement that used cooperative learning model of quick on the draw type and the students’ achievement that used guided inquiry learning model, (2) there was more than effect of using cooperative learning model of quick on the draw type on the students’ learning achievement.(3) there was an effective of using cooperative learning model of quick on the draw type on the students’ learning achievement with guided inquiry learning.

Page(s): 365-368                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 September 2020

 Sulasmi
Master of Social Science Education, FKIP Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

 Pargito
Master of Social Science Education, FKIP Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

 Risma Margaretha Sinaga
Master of Social Science Education, FKIP Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

[1]. Ginnis, Paul. 2008. Tricks and Teaching Tactics Strategies to Increase Teaching Achievement in the Classroom. Jakarta: Index.
[2]. Riyanto, Yatim. 2010. New Learning Paradigm. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.
[3]. Sagala, Syaiful. 2013. Concepts and Meanings of Learning. Bandung: Alfabeta.
[4]. Sugiyono 2012. Educational Research Methods Quantitative, Qualitative, and R&D Approaches. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Sulasmi, Pargito, Risma Margaretha Sinaga “Comparison of the Use of the Quick on the Draw Cooperative Learning Model and the Guided Inquiry Learning Type against Student Learning Outcomes ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.365-368 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/365-368.pdf

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The Effect of Learning Cooperative Learning Model Type Write Think Type to Improve Communication of Students

Apri Liliani, Erlina Rufaidah, Pujiati – August 2020 Page No.: 369-373

This study aims to determine the increase in communication skills of students who take the Think Talk Write type of cooperative learning compared to conventional learning. The design used is a pretest posttest control group design. The population is all seventh grade students of SMP Negeri 9 Metro 2017/2018 Academic Year distributed in seven classes. Sampling was done using purposive sampling technique. The research data were obtained through tests of communication skills.
This research concludes that the cooperative learning model of think talk write type affects the communication skills of students.

Page(s): 369-373                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 September 2020

 Apri Liliani
Master of Social Sciences Education, Faculty of Training and Education, University of Lampung, Indonesia

 Erlina Rufaidah
Master of Social Sciences Education, Faculty of Training and Education, University of Lampung, Indonesia

 Pujiati
Master of Social Sciences Education, Faculty of Training and Education, University of Lampung, Indonesia

Budiyono. 2003. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. Surakarta: Sebelas Maret University.
[2]. Dahar, Ratna Wilis. 2011. Teori-Teori Belajar & Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Erlangga.
[3]. Huda. 2013. Model-Model Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
[4]. Isjoni. 2014. Cooperative Learning. Alfabeta. Bandung
[5]. Suprijono, Agus. 2015. Cooperative Learning. Pustaka Pelajar. Yogyakarta Aksara
[6]. Wahyudin. 2008. Pembelajaran dan Model-model Pembelajaran. Jakarta: CV Ipa Abong

Apri Liliani, Erlina Rufaidah, Pujiati “The Effect of Learning Cooperative Learning Model Type Write Think Type to Improve Communication of Students” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.369-373 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/369-373.pdf

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Effects of Policy Regulation on Alcohol Trade in Kirinyaga County, Kenya

Kangangi Muriuki Paul, Dr. Wilson Muna, PhD – August 2020 Page No.: 374-383

Although governments have absolute obligation to control alcohol trade and enactment of new laws, alcohol trade is still a big issue in Kenya. This article provides the investigation concerning effects of policy regulation on alcohol trade in Kirinyaga West, Kirinyaga County, Kenya. The article adopted the availability theory and single distribution theory pioneered by Single Eric and Sully Lederman respectively. 349 respondents from 38 urban centres in Kirinyaga West Sub County served as a target population. A sample size of 35 alcohol traders was used as respondents of the study. Interviews and questionnaires were used in data gathering. Quantitative data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics while qualitative data was analyzed into themes and patterns. The study results revealed that issuing of licensing limits; enacting licensing laws and penalties have helped regulate the alcohol trade. Corruption has undermined compliance with alcohol trade policies while police arrests have helped to control the alcohol trade. The study also showed that majority of alcohol traders do not conform to stipulated operating hours while a good number of manufacturers do conform to the requirements of labelling standards. In few cases alcohol is sold to underage persons. The study recommended that County government should educate members of the public and officials involved in alcohol regulation on how to implement enforcement strategies successfully. There should be proper evaluation of licensing policies to ensure they work well in alcohol trade regulation. The government should also carry out interim audits on alcohol businesses to ensure they comply with required policies that would lead to successful alcohol policy regulations.

Page(s): 374-383                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 September 2020

 Kangangi Muriuki Paul
School of Humanities and Social sciences, Kenyatta University, P.O Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya

 Dr. Wilson Muna, PhD
School of Humanities and Social sciences, Kenyatta University, P.O Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya

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Kangangi Muriuki Paul, Dr. Wilson Muna, PhD “Effects of Policy Regulation on Alcohol Trade in Kirinyaga County, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.374-383 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/374-383.pdf

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The Phenomenon of Private Higher Education: A Review of the Rationale, the Merits and Demerits

Samson C. R. Kajawo- August 2020 Page No.: 384-392

Expansion of enrolment has been the central higher education reality for the past half-century all over the world. Literature is rich with reasons that ignited the global emergence of private universities. This article reviews the rationale, merits and demerits of the emergence and the expansion of the private universities in a bid to boost the continuity of the private higher education discourse. In this review, it has been noted that growth in private higher education provision was mainly fuelled by the growth in people’s demand for higher education access due to the failure of supply by public universities especially in African countries. Scholars have pointed out the ability to create jobs, extend higher education opportunities to many students left out by public universities’ selections in Africa and providing stable academic calendars as the major merits of the existence of private universities in the countries. Nevertheless, numerous weaknesses were also revealed. According to some studies, due to their focus on profits, they were contributing to the degradation of higher education quality, propagating inequality in the society and were limited and selective in the study programmes they offered. Several studies also revealed the inadequacy of resources in terms of human, physical and infrastructure as another weakness that likely compromised the quality of education provided. From this review, it has been noted that many studies had been done in many African countries related to performances and challenges of private universities. Nevertheless, there is still a need for more studies to be done focusing on quality assurance and control.

Page(s): 384-392                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 September 2020

 Samson C. R. Kajawo

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[4]. Akpotu, N. E. & Akpochafo, W. P. (2009). An analysis of factors influencing the upsurge of private universities in Nigeria. Journal of Social Sciences, 18(1), 21-27. https://doi.org/10.1080/09718923.2009.11892663
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[7]. Amponsah, E. B. & Onuoha, L. N. (2013). The performance and challenges of private universities in Ghana and Nigeria. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 4(5). http://www.ijbssnet.com/journals/Vol_4_No_5_May_2013/30.pdf
[8]. Badat, S. & Sayed, Y. (2014). Post-1994 South African Education: The challenge of social justice. In R. I. Rotberg. (Ed.). Governance and innovation in Africa: South Africa after Mandela, 149-172. Waterloo: Centre for International Governance Innovation.
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[14]. Chivwara, N. (2013). An analysis of the governance of higher education access in Malawi (Master’s thesis, University of the Western Cape, Western Cape, South Africa). http://etd.uwc.ac.za/xmlui/handle/11394/4039
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[17]. Gogo, J. O. (2010, August 26-28). The development of university education in Kenya: The problem of human resource in private universities. [Paper presentation]. EMSK Conference, Kabarak University, Kenya.
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[19]. Kajawo, S. C. R. (2019). Examining performance and challenges of private universities in Malawi. International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science, 3(6), 48-58. https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-3-issue-6/48-58.pdf
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Samson C. R. Kajawo “The Phenomenon of Private Higher Education: A Review of the Rationale, the Merits and Demerits” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.384-392 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/384-392.pdf

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Examination of Obstacles towards Managing of Inter-Clan Conflicts within the Somali Community of Wajir North Sub-County, Kenya

Robert Aengwony, Lilian Machariah and Samson Busalire – August 2020 Page No.: 393-407

Members of the Degodia and Ajuran clans have been conflicting in Wajir North Sub-County since the pre-colonial era. Several actors have not successful managed to resolve the conflicts despite the available strategies and interventions. This is an indication that these strategies have not been successful, and that was the prime interest of this study. The objective of the study was to examine the obstacles of managing inter-clan conflicts within the Somali Community of Wajir North Sub-County. The study employed The Human Needs Theory and Social Conflict Theory. The study sampled 492 respondents who included 400 household heads, 25 assistant chiefs, 16 police officers, 20 business entities, 4 NGOs, 15 Village Elders and 12 youth leaders in peace committees. Questionnaires, Focus Group Discussion, observation checklists and interviews were used in data collection. The study found out that youth employment (72%) and solving historical injustices (68%) would increase harmony among the communities and would help in propagating peace between them. The study recommends that poverty alleviation and creation of job opportunities for the youths in the region should be prioritized by the national and county governments.

Page(s): 393-407                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 September 2020

 Robert Aengwony
Department of Peace and Conflict Studies, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, P.O BOX, 190-50100 Kakamega, KENYA

 Lilian Machariah
Department of Peace and Conflict Studies, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, P.O BOX, 190-50100 Kakamega, KENYA

 Samson Busalire
Department of Peace and Conflict Studies, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, P.O BOX, 190-50100 Kakamega, KENYA

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Robert Aengwony, Lilian Machariah and Samson Busalire “Examination of Obstacles towards Managing of Inter-Clan Conflicts within the Somali Community of Wajir North Sub-County, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.393-407 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/393-407.pdf

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Leveraging a Public Infrastructure Project as a Driver for Technology Development – A Case Study on a Technology Transfer Model for the Klang Valley Mass Rapid Transit Development Project

Abdul Rahman Hamdan, Dr. Mohamad Syazli Fathi, Professor Emeritus Dr. Zainai Mohamed – August 2020 Page No.: 408-420

In realizing the strategic leverage large public procurement has on technol- ogy development, several countries have introduced technology transfer programs within strategic public procurement to develop the capability of their local industries. This pa- per uses a mix-method analysis of qualitative and quantitative data from a case study of a technology transfer model in a public rail infrastructure project in Malaysia. For the quantitative analysis, a total of 202 respondents from the contractors and consultants have participated in the survey. The results of the analysis show that the critical success factors for determining the technology outcome of the KVMRT Technology Transfer program are “Technology Transfer Planning”, “Transfer Environment” and “Learning Environment”. The study concludes that the factor most influencing the outcome is “Learning Environ- ment”. Based on the findings, recommendations were made to improve the technology transfer process for similar future rail projects. The study recommendations include (1) Improvement of the current government policy on Technology Transfer, (2) Focusing on innovation as one of the main criteria for a successful TT outcome, (3) Digitalization of the TT Process and (4) Establishment of a Technology Transfer Office (TTO) within a government strategic procurement project.

Page(s): 408-420                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 September 2020

 Abdul Rahman Hamdan
Ph.D Candidate, Razak Faculty of Technology and Informatics, University Teknologi Malaysia

 Dr. Mohamad Syazli Fathi
Ph.D, Razak Faculty of Technology and Informatics, University Teknologi Malaysia

 Professor Emeritus Dr. Zainai Mohamed
Ph.D, Razak Faculty of Technology and Informatics, University Teknologi Malaysia

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Abdul Rahman Hamdan, Dr. Mohamad Syazli Fathi, Professor Emeritus Dr. Zainai Mohamed “Leveraging a Public Infrastructure Project as a Driver for Technology Development – A Case Study on a Technology Transfer Model for the Klang Valley Mass Rapid Transit Development Project” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.408-420 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/408-420.pdf

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Attitudes of Higher Education Students toward Learning during COVID-19 Pandemic

Afam Uzorka (PhD), Yakubu Ajiji Makeri (PhD) – August 2020 Page No.: 421-425

The purpose of this study was to assess Higher Education student’s attitude toward learning during COVID-19 pandemic. The study also explores the factors affecting student’s attitude towards learning during COVID-19 pandemic. The study population consist 344 students and 10 lecturers in Kampala. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analyzed in the study. Demographic data was also collected on the lecturers and students involved in the study. Questionnaire of Attitudes toward learning during COVID-19 Pandemic (QATLCP) was used as the principal quantitative data collection instrument.
The techniques used for analysis of the quantitative data were: descriptive statistics; analysis of variance (ANOVA); test for differences and regressions. In terms of the focus group data, interviews were audio recorded; transcribed and thematic analysis was conducted on the transcripts.
Although the results of the quantitative data analysis revealed that students had generally favorable attitudes toward learning during COVID-19 pandemic, focus group data indicated that a number of factors across three contexts (the environment, school system and society) seemed to be fundamental in shaping students attitude toward learning during COVID-19 pandemic.

Page(s): 421-425                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 September 2020

 Afam Uzorka (PhD)
Kampala International University, Uganda

 Yakubu Ajiji Makeri (PhD)
Kampala International University, Uganda

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[7] Paul Leblanc (2020) COVID-19 has thrust universities into online learning-how should they adapt? https://www.brookings.edu/blog/education-plus-development/2020/03/30/covid-19-has-thrust-universities-into-online-learning%E2%81%A0-how-should-they-adapt/ accessed on 9th May 2020
[8] Prof Russell M Viner, PhD. et al. (2020) School Closure and Management practices during coronavirus outbreaks including COVID-19: a rapid systematic review. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(20)30095-X

Afam Uzorka (PhD), Yakubu Ajiji Makeri (PhD) “Attitudes of Higher Education Students toward Learning during COVID-19 Pandemic” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.421-425 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/421-425.pdf

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The Development of Mechanics Problem-Based Learning Model with Multi Representation Approach to Practice Students’ Critical Thinking Skill of Elasticity and Hooke’s Law, And Static Fluid Concepts in Senior High School

Dr. Rosyid Althaf – August 2020 Page No.: 426-437

This research aims to develop instructional model problem-based mechanics with multi representation approach (the instructional model of Orientation IPA) to practice students’ critical thinking skill. The used method is research and development referring to Borg & Gall. This development research includes three stages, namely preliminary study stage, the development of model design and trials stage, and model evaluation stage. The focus of this research is in preliminary study and model design development stages resulting the instructional model of Orientation IPA. The expert validation is conducted by three experts and eight teachers of model users. The trial stage is conducted to students of 10th grade of Science Mathematics department of three classes. The sample determination uses Simple Random Sampling technique. The data analysis uses quantitative descriptive technique. The research results show that the instructional model of Orientation IPA meets the validation, practice and effectiveness requirements.

Page(s): 426-437                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 September 2020

 Dr. Rosyid Althaf
Reseacher, Head of Section of Senior High School Development & Special Education at the Education Office of East Java Province, Jember Region, Indonesia

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Dr. Rosyid Althaf “The Development of Mechanics Problem-Based Learning Model with Multi Representation Approach to Practice Students’ Critical Thinking Skill of Elasticity and Hooke’s Law, And Static Fluid Concepts in Senior High School” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.426-437 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/426-437.pdf

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The Potentials of Islamic Banking on Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria

Rabiu Abubakar Abba, Besar Bin Ngah – August 2020 Page No.: 438-443

It is a well-known fact that the global financial crisis prompted the establishment of Islamic finance to complement the traditional financial institutions, as a medium to lessen the endemic risk exposure inherent in the financial institutions. The principle goals and functions of the Islamic finance comprises the economic well-being of the populace, through full employment and maximum rate of economic growth, equal distributions of income and wealth and as a result socio-economic justice, and the generation of sufficient savings and their productive mobilization and stability in the value of money (Chapra, 2000). On the other hand, poverty, which is the absence of means to attain a “decent” standard of living, has been found to be very common in the Muslim world. It has been estimated that over 40 per cent of the Muslim population languishes in abject poverty, with nearly 350 million living on less than US$1.25 a day (C0MCEC, 2014). The objective of this study is therefore, to determine whether Islamic banking in Abuja, Nigeria has the potentials to alleviate poverty. The research is exploratory in nature, relying on secondary sources of data such as journals, periodicals, conference proceedings, textbooks, internet search and other source of published data. Findings from the analysis revealed that Islamic Banking is indeed a means of alleviating poverty. The conclusion drawn from the study indicates that the following are the poverty alleviation strategies, methods and instruments used by Islamic banks, these are; Murabaha, Mushraka, Mudaraba, Ijarah, Sukuk, Interest free service, good business ethics, Islamic microfinance and corporate social responsibility. The study further observed that Abuja, Nigeria’s Federal Capital, with its large Muslims population, shifting of attention and growing interest on Islamic banking products by its populace and the promotion of development of infrastructures in Malaysia and other countries presents a great potential for the practicability of Islamic banking products in alleviating poverty in Abuja, Nigeria. The study therefore, recommended that Islamic Banking should be highly encourage by the appropriate authorities in order to assist in the war against poverty in Abuja and Nigeria at large.

Page(s): 438-443                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 September 2020

 Rabiu Abubakar Abba
Department of Economics, Al-Madina International University, Kualalumpur-Malaysia

 Besar Bin Ngah
Department of Economics, Al-Madina International University, Kualalumpur-Malaysia

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Rabiu Abubakar Abba, Besar Bin Ngah “The Potentials of Islamic Banking on Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.4 issue 8, pp.438-443 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-4-issue-8/438-443.pdf

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Automation of Accounting Processes: Impact of Artificial Intelligence

Dr. Chukwuani, Victoria Nnenna, Dr. Egiyi, Modesta Amaka – August 2020 Page No.: 444-449

Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly bringing change to the way financial institutions are operated and this change is expected to take over the core aspects of the accounting industry. The accounting profession has changed its focus from paper and pencil era to software and computer era. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of artificial intelligence on the accounting industry and the level of advancement of the accounting industry in automating the accounting process. Also, to understand the concept known as Artificial Intelligence, Robotic process automation, and how the 21st-century accountant can adapt to automation in the accounting industry.

Page(s): 444-449                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 08 September 2020

 Dr. Chukwuani, Victoria Nnenna
Department of Accountancy, Enugu State University of Technology

 Dr. Egiyi, Modesta Amaka
Nigeian Army University, Biu Borno State, NigeriaDepartment of Accountancy, Godfrey Okoye University, Nigeria

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