“Spare the Rod, Spoil the Child”: The Ban of Corporal Punishment Fueling Indiscipline among Students

Eric Twum Ampofo – June 2021 Page No.: 01-07

Ghana is a signatory to all International and Regional Conventions and Declarations which protect the child from abuse, meanness and callous treatments. To institutionalize child rights, Ghana through the Ghana Education Service and the Ministry of Education enacted legislations which prohibited the use of corporal punishment in all first and second cycle institutions. However, upon its implementation, there has been an upsurge of students’ unrest in first and second cycle schools in the country. This has become a major source of worry to key stakeholders in education including school heads, school administrators, teachers, parents and even some students. This indeed has ignited the need to explore how the ban of corporal punishment has fueled indiscipline among students. The study adopted descriptive survey design. The target population was 5089 comprising eight schools in the Sekyere South and Sekyere Central Districts in the Ashanti region of Ghana. A sample of 975 students, assistant headmasters (domestic), teachers and guidance and counselling coordinators was arrived via mixed sampling techniques. The study established that the ban of corporal punishment in senior high schools in Ghana has fueled indiscipline acts among students. Also, the study found that there are lots of negative consequences such as vandalism and cheating in exams due to the ban of corporal punishment in schools. Again, the study ascertained that teachers have a negative attitude unlike students who showed a positive attitude towards the ban of corporal punishment. The study therefore submits that to effectively resolve indiscipline problems in schools, the Ministry of Education and the Ghana Education Service must involve relevant stakeholders such as head teachers, teachers, students and parents on alternative disciplinary measures that can effectively deal with indiscipline acts in schools.

Page(s): 01-07                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 July 2021

  Eric Twum Ampofo
Lecturer, Department of Educational Studies, College of Agriculture Education, Mampong-Ashanti, Akenten Appiah-Menka University of Skills Training and Entrepreneurial Development, Kumasi, Ghana-West Africa

[1] Ali, N. M. (2019). Parental use of and attitude towards corporal punishment in Dessie, Ethiopia (Doctoral dissertation).
[2] Amemiya, J., Fine, A., & Wang, M. T. (2020). Trust and discipline: Adolescents’ institutional and teacher trust predict classroom behavioural engagement following teacher discipline. Child development, 91(2), 661-678.
[3] Burlaka, V., Hong, J. S., Churakova, I., Serdiuk, O., Proskura, V., & Shvets, D. (2020). The role of adverse childhood experiences and corporal punishment in early adulthood depression and substance use among Ukrainian college students. Journal of family violence, 35(3), 285-295.
[4] Bekoe, S.O.O. (2006). Assessment and curriculum goals and objectives: Evaluation of the systematic impact of the senior secondary school certificate examination (SSCE) on senior secondary school social studies curriculum in Ghana. An unpublished doctoral dissertation.
[5] Bloomberg, L. D., & Volpe, M. (2008). Presenting methodology and research approach. Completing your qualitative dissertation: A roadmap from beginning to end, 65-93.
[6] Clabough, J. C. (2012). Educators’ perceptions about the uses of primary sources in social studies classroom.
[7] Dery, I. (2019). “Give her a slap or two… she might change”: Negotiating masculinities through intimate partner violence among rural Ghanaian men. Journal of interpersonal violence, 0886260519869066.
[8] Gall, M. D., Gall, J. P., & Borge, W. R. (2007). Educational research: An introduction (8thed.).Boston, MA: Allyn& Bacon.
[9] Glaser, C. (2019). Nostalgia for a beating: discipline, generational authority and corporal punishment at a Soweto High School, c. 1960–2000. History of Education, 48(3), 395-409.
[10] Gudyanga, E., Mbengo, F., & Wadesango, N. (2014). Corporal punishment in schools: Issues and challenges. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(9), 493-493.
[11] Kosgei, J. R. (2020). Effect of students’ discipline on their academic performance in public secondary schools in Vihiga Sub-County, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi).
[12] Kothari, C. R. (2004). “Research methodology and techniques” (2nded.). New Delhi: Age International Limited.
[13] Lawer, R. A. (2019). Teachers and students’ attitudes towards the abolition of caning in Ghanaian schools: A Case of Fodoa community Senior High School (Doctoral Dissertation, School Of Graduate Studies, University Of Education, Winneba).
[14] Lowanshi, M. (2019). Study of Effect of Punishment on Students’ Academic Achievement in Schools. Techno Learn, 9(1), 17-24.
[15] Maree, K. (2004). Theoretical approaches in psychology. Keys to educational psychology, 387-411.
[16] McClure, T. E., & May, D. C. (2008). Dealing with misbehavior at schools in Kentucky: Theoretical and contextual predictors of use of corporal punishment. Youth & Society, 39(3), 406-429.
[17] Mulenga, P. H. (2019). The effects of abolishing corporal punishment on the learner’s discipline there by discussing its alternative modes (Doctoral dissertation, Cavendish University).
[18] Musa, M., & Martha, A. A. (2020). School management mechanisms and control of discipline among pupils in primary schools: An Analysis of Discipline in Upper Primary Level. Anatolian Journal of Education, 5(1), 1-16.
[19] Noltemeyer, A., Palmer, K., James, A. G., & Petrasek, M. (2019). Disciplinary and achievement outcomes associated with school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports implementation level. School Psychology Review, 48(1), 81-87.
[20] Ofori, K. N. (2019). Growing Acts of Indiscipline in Ghanaian Schools: Perception of Students and Teachers at Abuakwa South Municipality.
[21] Oord, T. J. (2019). God Can’t: How to Believe in God and Love After Tragedy, Abuse, and Other Evils. SacraSage Press.
[22] Orodho, J. A. (2005). Elements of education and social science research methods. Nairobi.
[23] Porteus, K., Vally, S., & Ruth, T. (2001). Alternatives to Corporal Punishment: Growing discipline and respect in our classrooms. Heinemann.
[24] Seisa, R. E. (2020). Learners’ perceptions about the causes of bullying at secondary schools in Lesotho and how it can be controlled (Doctoral dissertation, Faculty of Education, National University of Lesotho).
[25] Springer, S. (2010). Cambodia’s neoliberal order: Violence, authoritarianism, and the contestation of public space (Vol. 8). Routledge.
[26] Tadele, M. (2020). The management of students’ discipline in government secondary schools in West Shewa Zone, Oromia Regional State (Doctoral Dissertation).
[27] Tiwari, A. (2019). The corporal punishment ban in schools: Teachers’ attitudes and classroom practices. Educational Studies, 45(3), 271-284.
[28] Varadan, S. (2019). The Principle of Evolving Capacities under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. The International Journal of Children’s Rights, 27(2), 306-338.
[29] Wolkins, R. D. (2020). The Operationalization and measurement of childhood physical abuse: An Examination of the Relationship of Researcher and Subjective Definitions of Childhood Physical Abuse and Adult Psychopathology (Doctoral dissertation, Fielding Graduate University).
[30] Yeboah, G., Dabone, K. T., & Mensah, G. A. (2020). Practice of Behaviour Modification Techniques by Pre-Service Teacher Interns of Colleges of Education in Ghana. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 8(10), 245.

Eric Twum Ampofo ““Spare the Rod, Spoil the Child”: The Ban of Corporal Punishment Fueling Indiscipline among Students” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.01-07 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/01-07.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Effect of Internal Audit Practices On Aggregate Fiscal Discipline of Government Organisations in Nigeria

Isoboye Jacob Damieibi (PhD) – June 2021 Page No.: 08-28

The study examined the effect of internal audit practices on aggregate fiscal discipline of government organizations in Nigeria. The study achieved these specific objectives and more: determination of the effect of risk assessment on aggregate fiscal discipline of public expenditure management. The population of the study consist of 350 staff in the five surveyed government organizations in Nigeria. The study through the use of Monkey Survey, sampled 310 respondents from Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA), Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency (NIMASA), Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) and Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) and validly used 310 respondents representing 89% response rate for data analysis. Risk assessment, Asset safeguard and Auditor’s independence were used as the dimensions of internal audit practices in this study. The study used Aggregate fiscal discipline as both dependent and measurable variable. The study used a questionnaire to elicit information from the respondents. The study applied descriptive and inferential statistical tools to analyze the data and test the hypotheses with the help of SPSS 22.0. The study found that risk assessment has significant effect on aggregate fiscal discipline; asset safeguard has significant effect on aggregate fiscal discipline and auditors’ independence has no significant effect on aggregate fiscal discipline. The study concludes that the use of internal audit instills aggregate fiscal discipline in government organizations’ staff. As government organizations apply asset safeguard it translates to positive and insignificant effect on aggregate fiscal discipline of government organizations. The study therefore recommends that government organizations’ staff should update their knowledge with respect to internal audit practices. Government organizations should encourage auditor independence in order to boost aggregate fiscal discipline in public sector organizations.

Page(s): 08-28                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 July 2021

  Isoboye Jacob Damieibi (PhD)
Captain Elechi Amadi Polytechnic, Rumuola, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

[1] Abba, M., & Kakanda, M. M. (2017). Moderating effect of internal control system on the relationship between government revenue and expenditure. Asian Economic and Financial Review, 7(4),381-392. https://doi.org/10.18488 /017.7.4/102.4.381.392
[2] Abbott, J. L., Parker, S., Peter, F. G., & Raghunandan, P.C. (2013). An empirical investigation of audit fees, non-audit fees, and audit committees. Contemporary Accounting Research, 20(2) (summer):215234.
[3] Adedokun, S. A. (2014). Internal audit function and public expenditure management in Oyo State (Unpublished M.Sc. Accounting Dissertation). Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife..
[4] Ademola, I. S., Adedoyin, A. O., & Alade, O. R. (2015). Effect of internal control system in Nigeria public sectors: a case study of Nigeria national petroleum corporation. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, 3(6), 1093-1105.
[5] Adeniji, A.A. (2011). Auditing and investigations. Wyse Associates Limited.
[6] Agbonifoh, B.A. (2006). Computer applications and the small business. Malthouse press .
[7] Agyei-Mensah, B. K. (2016). Impact of adopting ifrs in Ghana: Empirical evidence. In Uchenna, E., Nnadi, M., Tanna, S., & Iyoha (Eds.), Economics and Political Implications of International Financial Reporting Standards 191-230.
[8] Ahmad, N., Othman, R.& Jusoff, K. (2009). The effectiveness of internal audit in Malaysian Public Sector. Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing,5(9)84 – 790.
[9] Akotia, J. & Sackey, E. (2018). Towards the delivery of sustainable regeneration projects’ types in the UK: an exploration of the role and level of involvement of key practitioners. International Journal of Construction Management, 18 (5), 375-384
[10] Akujuru, C. A. & Enyioko, N. C. (2018). Social science research: Methodology and conceptual perspectives. Lambert Academic Publishing.
[11] Alaswad, S.A.M & Stanišić, M. (2016). Role of internal audit in performance of Libyan financial organizations. International Journal of Applied Research 2(2), 352-356.
[12] Alau, S. & Abdulkadir (2009). An assessment of influence of budget process on budget performance. A Case study of Kwara State, Nigeria.
[13] Alberta, A.G. (2005). Examination of internal audit departments. Internal Audit Report. Retrieved from http://www.oaq.ab.ca/files.oaq/Examination IAD.
[14] Ahmad, N., Othman, R., & Jusoff, K. (2009). The effectiveness of internal audit in Malaysian public sector. Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing, 5(9), 784-790.
[15] Ali, A. M., Gloeck, J. D., Ahmi, A., & Sahdan, M. H. (2007). Internal audit in the state and local government of Malaysia. Southern African Journal of Accountancy and Auditing Research, l7, 25-57.
[16] Al-Twaijry, A.A.M, Brierley, J.A. & Gwilliam, D.R. (2003). The development of internal audit in Saudi Arabia: An institutional theory perspective. Critical perspective on Accounting, 14, 507– 531.
[17] Alzeban, A. (2015). Influence of audit committees on internal audit conformance with internal audit standards. Managerial Auditing Journal, 30(6/7),539-559.
[18] Ama, G. (2009). Fundamental of public sector accounting and finance, (2nd Edition). Whyteem prints
[19] Amans, P., Mazars-Chapelon, A., & Villesèque-Dubus, F. (2015). Budgeting in institutional complexity: The case of performing arts organizations. Management Accounting Research, 27, 47-66.
[20] Amudo, A & Inanga, E. L. (2009). Evaluation of budgetary control systems: a case study from Uganda. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, 3, 124-144.
[21] ANAO (2014). Better practice guide – public sector governance: strengthening performance through good governance. Australian National Audit Office.
[22] Anderson, S. W., Christ, M. H., Dekker, H. C., & Sedatole, K. L. (2014). The use of management controls to mitigate risk in strategic alliances: Field and survey evidence. Journal of Management Accounting Research, 26, 1-32.
[23] Arena, M.& Azzone, G. (2009). Identifying organizational drivers of internal audit effectiveness. International Journal of Auditing, 13, 43– 60.
[24] Arnold, M. C., & Artz, M. (2015). Target difficulty, target flexibility, and firm performance: Evidence from business units’ targets. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 40, 61-77.
[25] Arnold, M. C., & Gillenkirch, R. M. (2015). Using negotiated budgets for planning and performance evaluation: An experimental study. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 43, 1-16.
[26] Asaolu, T. O., Oyesanmi O., Oladele, P. O., & Oladoyin, A. M. (2005). privatization and commercialization in Nigeria: implications and prospects for public expenditure management. South African Journal of Business Management, 36(3), 65 –74.
[27] Asawo, S. P. (2016). Advanced social research methodology. CIMRAT.
[28] Asiedu, K.f. & Deffor, E.W. (2017). Fighting corruption by means of effective internal audit function: Evidence from the Ghanaian Public Sector. International Journal of Auditing, 21: 82–99.
[29] Awdat, A. A. (2015). The impact of the internal audit function to improve the financial performance of commercial banks in Jordan. Research Journal of Finance and Accounting, 6 (3), 217- 225.
[30] Babatunde, S.A. (2013). Stakeholders perception on the effectiveness of internal control system on financial accountability in the Nigerian Public Sector. International Journal of Business and Management Invention, 2(1)6 –33 www.ijbmi.org.
[31] Badara, S, M. (2012). The role of internal auditors in ensuring effective financial control at local government level: The case of Alkaleri L.G.A., Bauchi State. Research Journal of Finance and Accounting, 3(4), 1-10.
[32] Bahrawe, S.H., Haron, H. & Hasan, A. N.(2016). Corporate governance and auditor independence in Saudi Arabia: Literature review and proposed conceptual framework. International Business Research; 9 (11), 149-175.
[33] Barasa, K. S. (2015). Statistical analysis of the role of internal audit in promoting public expenditure management in public institutions in Nigeria. Journal of Investment and Management, 4(1), 38-46.
[34] Bartle, J. R., & Ma, J. (2004). Managing financial transactions efficiently: A transaction cost model of public financial management. In A. Khan & W. B. Hildreth (Eds.), Financial Management Theory in the Public Sector (1 – 23). Westport: Praeger Publishers.
[35] Basiru, S.K., & Nur Ashikin, M.S. (2015). Audit committee attributes and firm performance: evidence from Malaysian finance companies. Asian Review of Accounting, 23
[36] Bedford, D. S. (2015). Management control systems across different modes of innovation: Implications for firm performance. Management Accounting Research, 28, 12-30.
[37] Bedford, D. S., & Malmi, T. (2015). Configurations of control: An exploratory analysis. Management Accounting Research, 27, 2-26.
[38] Behrend, J.& Eulerich (2019). The evolution of internal audit research: a bibliometric analysis of published documents (1926–2016). Journal of Accounting History Review 29, 1. 103-139.
[39] Belay, Z. (2007). A study on effective implementation of internal audit function to promote public expenditure management in the public sector. Conference of Ethiopian Civil Service College Research. Addis Ababa: Publication & Consultancy Coordination Office.
[40] Berle, A. and Means, G. (1932). The modern corporation and private property. Commerce Clearing House.
[41] Bourmistrov, A., & Kaarbøe, K. (2013). From comfort to stretch zones: A field study of two multinational companies applying “beyond budgeting” ideas. Management Accounting Research, 24, 196-211.
[42] Brinckmann, J., & Kim, S. M. (2015). Why we plan: The impact of nascent entrepreneurs’ cognitive characteristics and human capital on business planning. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 9, 153-166.
[43] Chambers, A. (2009). Tolley internal auditor’s handbook. (2nd edition). Lexis Nexis Butterworth.
[44] Chang, H. & Choy, H. (2016). The effect of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act on firm productivity. Journal of Centrum Cathedra, 9, 2, 120-142.
[45] Chenhall, R. H., & Moers, F. (2015). The role of innovation in the evolution of management accounting and its integration into management control. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 47, 1-13.
[46] CIPFA (2006). Code of practice for internal audit in local government in the United Kingdom. The Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy.
[47] Cohen, A, & Sayag, G. (2010). The effectiveness of internal auditing: an empirical examination of its determinants in Israeli organizations. Australian Accounting Review, 54(20)296-307.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1835-2561.2010. 00092.x..
[48] Collins, B. K., & Khan, A. (2004). Information asymmetry in public investment management. In A. Khan & W. B. Hildreth (Eds.), Financial Management Theory in the Public Sector (25–54). Westport: Praeger Publishers
[49] Cooper, D. R.& Schindler, P.S. (2014). Business research methods, 12th ed McGraw-Hill Irwin.
[50] Dauda, I.A. (2015). Effectiveness of audit committee practices and the value of listed deposit money banks in Nigeria. European Journal of Accounting Auditing and Finance Research, 3(6), 80-90.
[51] Davila, A., Foster, G., & Jia, N. (2014). The valuation of management control systems in start-up companies: International field-based evidence. European Accounting Review, 24, 207-239.
[52] De Baerdemaeker, J., & Bruggeman, W. (2015). The impact of participation in strategic planning on managers’ creation of budgetary slack: The mediating role of autonomous motivation and affective organizational commitment. Management Accounting Research, 29, 1-12.
[53] DeSmet, D. & Mention, A. (2011). Improving auditor effectiveness in assessing KYC/AML practices: Case study in a Luxembourgish context. Managerial Auditing Journal, 26(2), 182– 203.
[54] Deepak, J. (2010). PFMblog: Internal audit in the public sector: underdeveloped and under used. http://blog-PFM.IMF.org/PFMblog
[55] Downer, A. (2000). Public expenditure management: Guiding Principles for Implementation. Canberra: USAID.
[56] Efendiogu, U. (2001). Technology development and capacity building for competitiveness in a digital society. A concept notes, UN commission on science and technology, UNCTAD.
[57] Enyioko, N.C. (2016). The nature and essence of scientific research. Social Science Research Networks.: https://ssrn.com/doi.org /10.2139/ ssrn.2735663, 10-13..
[58] Erlina, C. & Muda, I, (2018). Determinants of the implementation of risk-based internal auditing. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 9(5).1360 – 1372.
[59] Esu, B.B.& Iyang, B. J. (2009). A case for performance management in the public sector in Nigeria. International Journal of Business and Management, 4(4), 98 – 105.
[60] European ICT Task Force Report. (2006). Fostering the competitiveness of Europe’s ICT industry. http://ec.europa.eu/en/enterprise /ict/policy/doc/icttf_report.
[61] Ewa, E. U. & Udoayang, J. O. (2012). The impact of budgetary control design on banks, ability to investigate staff fraud, and life style and fraud detection in Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Economics & Social Sciences, 2 (2), 32-43.
[62] Faguet, J. P. (1999). Does decentralization increase responsiveness to local needs? Evidence from Bolivia. The World Bank. https://doi.org/10.1596/1813-9450-2516.Accessed on 5/7/2019
[63] Flamholtz, E. G. (2012). Human resource accounting: Advances in concepts, methods and applications. Springer Science & Business Media.
[64] Gachithi, E. (2010). The challenges of budget implementation in public institutions: A case study of University of Nairobi- unpublished.
[65] Gates, S., & Germain, C. (2015). Designing complementary budgeting and hybrid measurement systems that align with strategy. Management Accounting Quarterly, 16(2), 1-8. http://www.imanet.org/resources-publications/management-accounting-quarterly.
[66] Ge, W., Koester, A. & McVay, S. E. (2017). Benefits and costs of Sarbanes-Oxley section 404(b) exemption: evidence from small firms’ internal control disclosures. Journal of Accounting & Economics (JAE), Forthcoming. https://ssrn.com/abstract=2405187 or http://dx.doi. org/10.2139/ssrn.2405187
[67] Gorzen-Mitka, I. (2015). Risk management in small and medium-sized enterprises: A gender-sensitive approach. Problems of Management in the 21st Century, 10, 77-87. http://www.scientiasocialis.lt/pmc.
[68] Güneş, N., & Atılgan, M. S. (2016). Comparison of the effectiveness of audit committees in the UK and Turkish Banks. International Journal of Financial Research 7(2),18-29.
[69] Henttu-Aho, T., & Järvinen, J. (2013). A field study of the emerging practice of beyond budgeting in industrial companies: An institutional perspective. European Accounting Review, 22, 765-785.
[70] Herrala, M. E., & Haapasalo, H. J. O. (2012). Effect of governance models on enhancing water service delivery. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 25(5), 373-390. https://doi.org/10.1108/09513551211252396..
[71] ICAN (2006). Institute of chartered accountants of Nigeria study park.
[72] Igwe, U.O. (2005). Harnessing information technology for the 21st century: Library education in Nigeria, Library Philosophy and practice. Spring. 7, (2) http: libr.unl.edu.2000/lpp/igwe.htm.
[73] IIA (2006). The Role of Auditing in Public Sector Governance. Altamonte Springs, FL: The Institute of Internal Auditors Research Foundation.
[74] IIA (2010). Measuring Internal Audit Effectiveness and Efficiency. IPPF- Practice guide. The Institute of Internal Auditors
[75] Jide, A.C. (2003). Nigeria and the question of information technology. https://daw. com/itsolutions/itnigerial.html.
[76] Jubb, C. (2008). Assurance and auditing concepts for a changing environment. Thomson South Western.
[77] Karadag, H. (2015). Financial management challenges in small and medium-sized enterprises: A strategic management approach. Emerging Markets Journal, 5(1), 26-40.
[78] Kaneza, C. (2016). Factors affecting the financial performance of commercial banks listed on the Nairobi securities exchange. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, United States International University-Africa.
[79] Kaplan, R. & Norton, D. (1996). Strategic learning & the balanced scorecard. Strategy and Leadership Journal, 24 (5), 18-24.
[80] Kaufmann, D., Kraay, A., & Mastruzzi, M., (2005). Governance matters iv: governance indicators for 1998-2004. Policy Research Working Papers 3630, Washington, DC: World Bank.
[81] Kiema, H.M. (2015). Influence of internal audit independence on the financial performance of small and medium enterprises: a case of the construction industry in Mombasa County, Kenya. Unpublished Research Project for Master of Business Administration Degree, Technical University of Mombasa, 1-77.
[82] Kitindi, E.G., (2004). Accounting Ethics: A Study of Professional Independence Status of Accounting Firms in Botswana, in Cynthia Jeffrey (ed.) Research on Professional Responsibility and Ethics in Accounting (Research on Professional Responsibility and Ethics in Accounting, 9), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 129-146.
[83] Kim, J. K. (2018). The human capital gap getting governments to invest in foreign affairs. https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/2018-06-14/human-capital-gap.
[84] Kiridaran, K., Gopal, V. K.& Gerald, J. L.(2010). An empirical analysis of auditor independence in the banking industry. The Accounting Review, 85, 6, 2011-2046.
[85] Kruis, A.-M., Speklé, R. F., & Widener, S. K. (2016). The levers of control framework: An exploratory analysis of balance. Management Accounting Research, 32, 27-44.
[86] Kuta, H. I. (2008). Effectiveness of auditing for proper accountability in Nigerian local governments. Social Science Research Network. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm
[87] Lee, R.D., Johnson, W.J.& Joyce, P. G. (2004). Public budgeting systems. Canada: Jones and Barlett Publishers, Inc.
[88] Li, P., Tang, G., Okano, H., & Gao, C. (2013). The characteristics and dynamics of management controls in IJVs: Evidence from a Sino-Japanese case. Management Accounting Research, 24, 246-260
[89] Minorsky, N. (1922). Directional stability of automatically steered bodies. Journal of the American Society of Naval Engineers. 34 (2): 280–309.
[90] Mihret, D.G. & Yismaw, A.W. (2007). Internal audit effectiveness: An Ethiopian public sector case study. Management Auditing Journal,22(5), 470 –484.
[91] Mizrahi, S. &Ness-Weisman,I.(2007). Evaluating the effectiveness of audit in local municipalities using analytic hierarchy process (ahp): A general model and the Israeli example. International Journal of Auditing, 11, 187 – 210.
[92] Modar, A., & Shatha, K. (2015). The role of internal auditing in risk management: evidence from banks in Jordan. Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences, 31(1), 30-50.
[93] Monday, J. U., & Aladeraji, O. K. (2015). Strategic Management and Corporate Performance: A Resource-Based Approach. Ife Journal of Humanities and Social sciences, 2(2), 15-32.
[94] Monday, J. U., Inneh, G. H., & Ojo, V. O. (2014). Effect of Internal Controls on Operating Performance of Small Business in Lagos Metropolis. Proceedings of the International Conference on Accounting, Finance and Management, 2, 237-256.
[95] Moser, C. A. & Kalton, G. (2007). Survey Methods in Social Investigation Heinmann Educational, London reference collection shelfmark: X.529/13280.
[96] Mu’azu, S.B. & Siti, Z. S. (2013). The Relationship between Audit Experience and Internal Audit Effectiveness in the Public Sector Organizations. International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences,3(3), 329 – 339.
[97] Mu’azu, S.B., & Siti, Z. S. (2013). The journey so far on internal audit effectiveness: A calling for expansion. International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences,3(3), 340–351.
[98] Muda, I, Erlina, I. Yahya and A. A. Nasution, (2018). Performance audit and balanced scorecard perspective, International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology. 9(5). 1321–1333.
[99] Muhibat, A. O. (2016). The impact of budgetary control system on revenue generation in public establishment. International Journal of Contemporary Applied Sciences, 3 (8), (ISSN: 2308-1365) www.ijcas.net. .
[100] Mulugeta, S. (2008). Internal audit: Reporting relationship in ethiopian public enterprises. M.Sc. Dissertation. Ethiopia: Addis Ababa University. http://etd.aau.edu.et/dspace/bitstream/123456789/ 1966/1/Samuel%20Mulugeta.pdf.
[101] Nankunda, S. (2013). Internal audit function and financial performance of public sector organizations: a case of national water and sewerage corporation- mbarara branch. Unpublished Research Report for Bachelor’s degree in Business Administration, Bishop Stuart University, 2- 98.
[102] Ngugi, K. M. (2011). A survey of budgetary control systems among the listed private companies and the public sector companies in Nigeria. Unpublished Research Thesis. University of Nairobi
[103] Nørreklit, H. & Mitchell, F. (2010). Towards a paradigmatic foundation for accounting practice. Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, 23(6), 733-758.
[104] Nunnally, J. C., & Bernstein, I. H. (1994). Psychometric theory (3rd ed.). McGraw- Hill
[105] Okwandu, G.A. (2007). Research methods in business and social sciences, 4th ed. Owerri: Civincs Publishers.
[106] Ondieki, N.M. (2013). Effect of internal audit on financial performance of commercial banks in Kenya. Unpublished Research Project, Master of Science in Finance, University of Nairobi ,1- 63.
[107] Onuonga, S.M. (2014). The analysis of profitability of Nigeria’s top six commercial banks: internal factor analysis. American International Journal of Social Science, 3(5), .94–103
[108] Osei-Akoto, R. D., Osie, W., Quarmine, G. A., & Adia (2007). Public spending at the district level in Ghana: Ghana. Strategy Support Paper (GSSP) Background Paper No. GSSP 0008. Accra: International Food Policy Research Institute.
[109] Otieno, J. O., Odundo, P. A., & Rambo, C. M. (2014). Influence of local authority
[110] transfer fund (LATF) on service delivery by local government authorities in Kenya. International Journal of Management and Marketing Research, 7(1), 59-72.
[111] Owler, L.& Brown, J.L. (1999). Cost and management accounting methods. London: Macdonald and Evans Press.
[112] Pietrzak, Z. (2014). Traditional versus activity-based budgeting in non-manufacturing companies. Social Sciences, 82(4), 26-37.
[113] Qi, Y. (2010). The impact of the budgeting process on performance in small and medium sized firms in China. University of Twente
[114] Rahmatika, D. N. (2014). The impact of internal audit function effectiveness on quality of financial reporting and its implications on good government governance research on local government in Indonesia. Research Journal of Finance and Accounting, 5(18), 64-75.
[115] Rigopoulos, G. (2015). A review on real options utilization in capital budgeting practice. International Journal of Information, Business and Management, 7(2), 1.
[116] Ritchie, J., Lewis, J., Nicholls, C. M., & Ormston, R. (2014). Qualitative research practice: A guide for social science students and researchers, 2nd. (Sage Publications).
[117] Robinson, M., & Last, D. (2009). Budgetary Control Model: The Process of Translation. Accounting, Organization and Society, 16(5/6), 547-570
[118] Rotich K.C (2015). Factors affecting Budget utilization Kericho County. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management United Kingdom, III, 6.
[119] Samuelsson, J., Andersén, J., Ljungkvist, T., & Jansson, C. (2016). Formal accounting planning in SMEs: The influence of family ownership and entrepreneurial orientation. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 23, 691-702.
[120] Salifu, I. & Mahama, M. (2015). The evaluation of evidence of the audit expectation gap in Ghana. Research Journal of Finance and Accounting, 2, (25), 20-30.
[121] Sandelin, M. (2008). Operation of management control practices as a package—A case study on control system variety in a growth firm context. Management Accounting Research, 19, 324-343.
[122] Sanger, M. B. (2013). Does measuring performance lead to better performance? Journal of Policy Analysis & Management, 32, 185-203.
[123] Sanusi, F. A., & Mustapha, M. B. (2015). The effectiveness of budgetary control system and financial accountability at local government level in Nigeria impact. International Journal of Research in Business Management (IMPACT: IJRBM), 3 (8).
[124] Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2009). Research Methods for Business Students. Harlow-England: Pearson Education) (614).
[125] Sawyer, L.B. (1995). An internal audit philosophy. Internal Auditor, 46– 55.
[126] Sbarba, A. D., Giannetti, R. & Marelli, A. (2015). A field study of Value-Based Management sophistication: The role of shareholders. Management Control.
[127] Scott, G. K. (2016). Influence of public financial management practices on service delivery: a case of District Assemblies of Ghana. Unpublished PhD Thesis. University of Cape Coast, Ghana.
[128] Scott, G. K. (2018). Accounting and financial reporting practices as tools for service delivery in the public service: The case of Ghana’s district assemblies. Research journal’s Journal of Accounting, 6 (1), 1-16. https://www.researchjournali.com/view.
[129] Sharma, P. (2012). Performance measurement in NGO’s. The management accountant Shields, J.F., & Shields, M.D. (1998). Antecedents of Participative Budgeting. In: Accounting, Organization & Society, 23(1), 49-76.
[130] Shields, M. & Young, S.M. (1993). Antecedents and consequences of participating budgeting: evidence on the effects of asymmetrical information. Journal of Management Accounting Research, 5,265-280
[131] Shields, M. D. (2015). Established management accounting knowledge. Journal of Management Accounting Research, 27, 123-132. doi:10.2308/jmar-51057
[132] Shoommuangpak, P. & Ussahawanitchakit, P. (2009). Audit strategy of CPAS in Thailand: How does it affect audit effectiveness and stakeholder acceptance? International Journal of Business Strategy,9(2), 136– 157.
[133] Silva, L. M. D. & Jayamaha, A. (2012). Budgetary process and organizational performance of apparel industry in Sri Lanka, Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and ManagementSciences,3(4):354-360.
[134] Su, S., Baird, K., & Schoch, H. (2015). The moderating effect of information and communication technology stages on the association between the interactive and diagnostic approaches to using controls with organizational performance. Management Accounting Research, 26, 40-53.
[135] Suyono, E., & Hariyanto, E. (2012). Relationship between internal control, internal audit, and organization commitment with public expenditure management: Indonesian Case. China-USA Business Review, 11(9), 1237-1245.
[136] Tackie, G., Marfo-Yiadom, E. and Achina, S.O. (2016). Determinants of internal audit effectiveness in decentralized local government administrative systems. International Journal of Business and Management; 11, 11.
[137] Theofanis, K, Drogalas,G. & Giovanis, N.(2011). Evaluation of the effectiveness of internal audit in Greek Hotel Business. International Journal of Economic Sciences and Applied Research,4(1), 19 – 34.
[138] Thibodeau, J.C. & Freier, D. (2014). Auditing and accounting cases: investigating issues of fraud and professional ethics. McGraw-Hill Education.
[139] Tricker, B. (2015). Corporate governance principles, policies, and practices. Oxford University Press
[140] Unegbu, A.O.& Obi, B.C. (2012). Auditing Hipuks, Additional Press.
[141] Vani, S. (2010). Internal audit in the public sector: Underdeveloped and underused. http://blog-pfm.imf.org/pfmblog.
[142] Vijayakumar, A.N. & Nagaraja, N. (2012). Internal control systems: Effectiveness of internal audit in risk management at public sector enterprises. BVIMR Management Edge, 5(1), 1 – 8.
[143] Wang, C., Xie, F. and Zhu, M. (2015). Industry expertise of independent directors and board monitoring, Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, 50(5), 929-962.
[144] Whittington, P. (2001). Principles of auditing and other assurance services. McGraw Hill High Education. 5th edn.
[145] World Bank (2003). Case study 2-Porto Alegre, Brazil: Participatory approaches in budgeting and public expenditure management. Social Development Notes; 71.Washington: World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/ handle.
[146] World Bank (2005). Public expenditure and financial accountability (PEFA): public Financial management – performance measurement framework (English). Washington DC: World Bank. http://documents.worldbank. org/curated/en/217821468325188878/Public-expenditure-and-financial-accountability-PEFA-public-financial-management-performance-measurement-frame work.
[147] World Bank. (2017). World Development Report: Governance and the Law. Washington, DC. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream /handle/10986/…/9781464809507..
[148] World Bank (2017). Fiscal consolidation to accelerate growth and support inclusive development: Ghana public expenditure review. Retrieved from documents. worldbank.org.

Isoboye Jacob Damieibi (PhD) “Effect of Internal Audit Practices On Aggregate Fiscal Discipline of Government Organisations in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.08-28 June 2021  DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5206

Download PDF

pdf

The Impact of Affect on Second Language Learning: A Mixed Methods Case Study
Charuhasini Wathuge- June 2021 – Page No.: 29-38

Affect includes every aspect related to feelings, emotions, moods, sensations etc. that people encounter in their lives. University students experience a rich variety of such feelings, emotions, moods and sensations in academic settings. They are also frequently subjected to emotional upheaval due to various reasons, specifically within the initial phase of their university life. Emotions experienced by students in academic settings are believed to play a major role in their academic success and achievement. However, the attention given to the role of emotions in educational settings, particularly in Second Language (L2) learning is seemingly at a low level. Therefore, the study explored the impact of academic emotions on L2 learning with a special focus on first year Undergraduate Officer Cadets studying in a defence university in Sri Lanka. This investigation took the form of a case study that subsumes a mixed methods research design. Both quantitative and qualitative methods to gather, analyse and interpret data were integrated at each stage of the study to avoid inherent biases and limitations of using only one method. Results suggested that especially during the first year, the students frequently encounter many adjustment problems due to the nature of their training, language issues and personal attributes. What appeared to be impacted mostly on real learning in this context was intrinsic motivation. Though manifestation of positive emotions inside the classroom was found to have a positive impact on students’ performance, it was exposed that in educational settings where rigorous physical training is a necessity, the will power and determination gained through the experience of negative emotions seemed to assist the students to perform better in classroom activities, presentations and at exams than the impact made by the experience of positive emotions. It is therefore, recommended the university staff members to intervene in assisting the undergraduates in coping with their emotional struggles only in the right place and at the right time, as enough room should be given to the students to learn from their own affective experiences.

Page(s): 29-38                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5601

 Charuhasini Wathuge
General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University, Sri Lanka

[1] Arnold, J. (2009). Affect in L2 learning and teaching. Elia, 9(2009), 145-151.
[2] Krathwohl, D. R., Bloom, B. S., & Masia, B. B. (1973). Affective Domain. McKay.
[3] Wetherell, M. (2013a). Feeling rules, atmospheres and affective practice: Some reflections on the analysis of emotional episodes. In Privilege, agency and affect (pp. 221-239). Palgrave Macmillan, London.
[4] Wetherell, M. (2013b). Affect and discourse–What’s the problem? From affect as excess to affective/discursive practice. Subjectivity, 6(4), 349-368.
[5] Baltazar, M., & Saarikallio, S. (2016). Toward a better understanding and conceptualization of affect self-regulation through music: A critical, integrative literature review. Psychology of Music, 44(6), 1500-1521.
[6] Potts, R., Morse, M., Felleman, E., & Masters, J. C. (1986). Children’s emotions and memory for affective narrative content. Motivation and Emotion, 10(1), 39-57.
[7] Lay, K. L., Waters, E., & Park, K. A. (1989). Maternal responsiveness and child compliance: The role of mood as a mediator. Child Development, 1405-1411.
[8] Leight, K. A., & Ellis, H. C. (1981). Emotional mood states, strategies, and state-dependency in memory. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 20(3), 251-266.
[9] Ellis, H. C., Thomas, R. L., & Rodriguez, I. A. (1984). Emotional mood states and memory: Elaborative encoding, semantics processing, and cognitive effort. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 10(3), 470.
[10] Pretz, J.E., Totz, K.S., & Kaufman, S.B. (2010). The effects of mood, cognitive style, and cognitive ability on implicit learning. Learning and Individual Differences, 20(3), pp.215-219.
[11] Méndez López, M. G., & Peña Aguilar, A. (2013). Emotions as learning enhancers of foreign language learning motivation. Profile Issues in Teachers Professional Development, 15(1), 109-124.
[12] Scovel, T. (2001). Learning new languages: A guide to second language acquisition. Boston: Heinle & Heinle.
[13] Arnold, J., 2011. Attention to Affect in Language Learning. Online Submission, 22(1), pp.11-22. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED532410.pdf.
[14] Krashen, S., 1992. The Input Hypothesis: An Update. Linguistics and language pedagogy: The state of the art, 409-431.
[15] Swain, M. (2013). The inseparability of cognition and emotion in second language learning. Language Teaching, 46(2), 195-207.
[16] Pekrun, R., Goetz, T., Titz, W. & Perry, R. P. (2002a). Academic emotions in students’ self-regulated learning and achievement: A program of qualitative and quantitative research. Educational psychologist, 37(2), 91-105.
[17] Pekrun, R., Goetz, T., Titz, W. & Perry, R. P. (2002b). Positive emotions in education. In E. Frydenberg (Ed.), Beyond coping: Meeting goals, visions, and challenges (pp. 149-174). Oxford, UK: Elsevier.
[18] Balakrishnar, J., & Thaiyamuthu, T. (2011). Instruction in the English medium: A Sri Lankan case study. Retrieved from http://www.langdevconferences.org/publications/2011-Colombo SriLanka/13-LanguageandSocialCohesion-Chapter13.pdf.
[19] Jayasuriya, J. E. (1969). Education in Ceylon before and after Independence: 1939-1968. Associated Educational Publishers.
[20] Navaz, A.M.M. (2016). Challenges Faced by Students in English Medium Undergraduate Classes: An Experience of a Young University in Sri Lanka. Journal of Arts, Science & Commerce. doi : 10.18843/rwjasc/v7i4(1)/19.
[21] Flowerdew, J. & Miller, L. (1992). Student perceptions, problems and strategies in second language lecture comprehension. RELC Journal 23(2): 60–80.
[22] Pancer, S. M., Hunsberger, B., Pratt, M. W., & Alisat, S. (2000). Cognitive complexity of expectations and adjustment to university in the first year. Journal of Adolescent Research, 15(1), 38-57.
[23] Hinton, C., Miyamoto, K., & Della‐Chiesa, B. (2008). Brain Research, Learning and Emotions: implications for education research, policy and practice 1. European Journal of education, 43(1), 87-103.
[24] Kusche, C. A., & Greenberg, L. S. (1994). The PATHS curriculum: Promoting alternative thinking strategies. Seattle, WA: Developmental Research and Programs.
[25] Randler, C., Hummel, E., Glaser-Zikuda, M., Vollmer, C., Bogner, F. X., & Mayring, P. (2011). Reliability and Validation of a Short Scale to Measure Situational Emotions in Science Education. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 6(4), 359-370.
[26] Hussain, S.N. (2015). An investigation of the factors that cause language anxiety in ESL/EFL learners while acquiring speaking skills. (master’s thesis). Postgraduate Institute of English, The Open University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka.
[27] Pereira, S.S. (2015). Impact of language anxiety on learner performance among undergraduates. Proceedings of the annual research symposium, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
[28] Peiris, A.E. (2017). Group activities as a remedy for speaking anxiety, The role of English and ELT in reconciliation: Proceedings of the 9th international conference of slelta, National Institute of Education, Maharagama, Sri Lanka.
[29] Levitz, R., & Noel, L. (1989). Connecting students to institutions: Keys to retention and success. The freshman year experience: Helping students survive and succeed in college, 6581.
[30] Yin, R. K. (2011). Applications of case study research. Sage.
[31] Greene, J. C., Caracelli, V. J., & Graham, W. F. (1989). Toward a conceptual framework for mixed-method evaluation designs. Educational evaluation and policy analysis, 11(3), 255-274.
[32] Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Building theories from case study research. Academy of management review, 14(4), 532-550.
[33] Wright, S. (1921). Correlation and causation. Journal of agricultural research, 20(7), 557-585. Retrieved from https://www.ssc. wisc. edu/soc/class/soc952/Wright/Wright _Correlation %20and% 20 Causation.pdf.
[34] Gardner, R. C. (1999). Correlation, Causation, Motivation, and Second Language Acquisition, 10-24.
[35] Robinson, O. C. (2014). Sampling in interview-based qualitative research: A theoretical and practical guide. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 11(1), 25-41.
[36] Pishghadam, R., Zabetipour, M., & Aminzade, A. (2016). Examining emotions in English language learning classes: A case of EFL emotions. Issues in Educational Research, 26(3), 508-527.
[37] Henter, R. (2014). Affective factors involved in learning a foreign language. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 127, 373-378.
[38] Siročić, J. (2014). Language anxiety and willingness to communicate in young EFL learners (Doctoral dissertation).
[39] Multon, K. D., Brown, S. D., & Lent, R. W. (1991). Relation of self efficacy beliefs to academic outcomes: A meta-analytic investigation. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 38, 30-38.
[40] Chemers, M. M., Hu, L. T., & Garcia, B. F. (2001). Academic self-efficacy and first year college student performance and adjustment. Journal of Educational psychology, 93(1), 55.
[41] Pekrun, R. (2006). The control-value theory of achievement emotions: Assumptions, corollaries, and implications for educational research and practice. Educational psychology review, 18(4), 315-341.
[42] Julia, M., & Veni, B. (2012). An analysis of the factors affecting students’ adjustment at a university in Zimbabwe. International Education Studies, 5(6), 244.
[43] Hume, D. (2012). Emotions and moods. Organizational behavior,pp.258-297. Retrieved from https://catalogue. pearsoned. co.uk/ sample chapter/0132431564.pdf.
[44] Hascher, T., 2010. Learning and Emotion: perspectives for theory and research. European Educational Research Journal, 9(1), pp.13-28. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub .com/doi/pdf/10.2304/eerj.2010.9.1.13.

Charuhasini Wathuge “The Impact of Affect on Second Language Learning: A Mixed Methods Case Study” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.29-38 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5601

Download PDF

pdf

Legal Protection for Debtors in Standard Contracts Related To the Application of the “Cross Default” Clause in Credit

Ferry Anka- June 2021 Page No.: 39-42

Efforts for stolen asset recovery as a result of criminal acts of corruption are always not an easy task. This is because the corruption offenders have many broad access and they are difficult to reach in terms of hiding or money laundering. Stolen assets recovery from corruption are increasingly difficult to do because the so called save haven has crossed the country’s territorial boundaries and as an organized crime, even corruption often involves corporations as the perpetrator. Method research used normative legal model. Sources of data in this study were secondary data. The data was collected by using literature study and interviews, while the data analysis technique used was qualitative normative methods. The result of this research is that arrangement and position of state attorneys in efforts to recover state assets due to criminal acts of corruption play a very important role. Prosecutors as state lawyers have a role to enforce the law by filing a lawsuit or petition to the Court in the civil field as stipulated by statutory regulations in order to maintain legal order, and protect the interests of the country and government as well as the civil rights of the people.

Page(s): 39-42                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 July 2021

 Ferry Anka
Doctor of Law Program, Universitas Jayabaya, Jakarta-Indonesia

[1] A. K. Suud, “Optimization Of The Role Of Asset Recovery Center (Ppa) Of The Attorney-General’s Office Of The Republic Of Indonesia In Asset Recovery Of Corruption Crime Results,” J. Huk. dan Peradil., vol. 9, no. 2, 2020.
[2] M. I. Sihite; and M. Mustofa, “Asset recovery policy strategy of corruption proceeds placed abroad within the perspective of the state as a victim,” Tech. Soc. Sci. J., vol. 19, pp. 15–38, 2021.
[3] R. Amrullah and R. Natamiharja, “Asset Recovery in the Criminal Act of Corruption in ASEAN,” Simbur Cahaya, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 43–60, 2020.
[4] L. Gray, K. Hansen, P. Recica-Kirkbride, and L. Mills, Few and Far: The Hard Facts on Stolen Asset Recovery. 2014.
[5] K. Ekayana, “Returns Of Assets In Corruption Criminal Acts As Alternative Restoring State Losses,” J. Media Komun. Pendidik. Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan, vol. 2, no. 1, 2020.
[6] D. U. Enweremadu, “Nigeria’s quest to recover looted assets: The Abacha affair,” Africa Spectr., vol. 48, no. 2, 2013.
[7] T. T. Tutik, “Ilmu Hukum: Hakekat Keilmuannya Ditinjau Dari Sudut Filsafat Ilmu Dan Teori Ilmu Hukum,” J. Huk. Pembang., 2014.
[8] H. Yogi Prabowo, “To be corrupt or not to be corrupt: Understanding the behavioral side of corruption in Indonesia,” J. Money Laund. Control, vol. 17, no. 3, 2014.
[9] J.-P. Brun, A. Sotiropoulou, L. Gray, C. Scott, and K. Stephenson, Asset Recovery Handbook. 2020.
[10] F. Hamamah and H. H. Bahtiar, “Model Pengembalian Aset (Asset Recovery) Sebagai Alternatif Memulihkan Kerugian Negara Dalam Perkara Tindak Pidana Korupsi,” J. Kaji. Huk. Islam, vol. 4, no. 2, 2019.
[11] H. Haswandi, “Pengembalian Aset Tindak Pidana Korupsi Pelaku Dan Ahli Warisnya Menurut Sistem Hukum Indonesia Dalam Mewujudkan Negara Hukum Kesejahteraan,” Litigasi, vol. 16, no. 2, 2016.
[12] K. Kusnadi, “Kebijakan Formulasi Ketentuan Pengembalian Aset Hasil Tindak Pidana Korupsi,” Corruptio, vol. 1, no. 2, 2020.
[13] A. B. ibrahim Fasini, “Kendala Pengembalian Aset Hasil Tindak Pidana Korupsi Transnasional,” J. BPPK Badan Pendidik. dan Pelatih. Keuang., vol. 11, no. 1, 2018.
[14] I. G. K. ARIAWAN, “Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative, Suatu Harapan Dalam Pengembalian Aset Negara,” Kertha Patrika, 1970

Ferry Anka, “Legal Protection for Debtors in Standard Contracts Related To the Application of the “Cross Default” Clause in Credit” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.39-42 June 2021  https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/39-42.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Ascertaining the Optimal Population Growth Threshold for Nigeria’s Economic Development

Supper Roland Okijie, Ubong Edem Effiong – June 2021 Page No.: 43-50

This paper sought to study the demographic dynamics in the Nigerian economy as it affects the development process of the country. The study specifically investigated the determining factors of population growth in Nigeria, along with the effect of infant mortality on fertility rate. The study employed the ordinary least squares regression and threshold regression analysis in achieving the set objectives. The data for the study were obtained from World Development Indicators and they covered the period of 1970 to 2017. The result of the study revealed that the determining factors of population growth in Nigeria are crude birth rate and infant mortality rate. Also, a positive and significant effect of infant mortality on fertility rate was observed. The optimal threshold of crude birth rate was obtained to be 41.62%, while the optimal population growth level that is sustainable for economic development was estimated to be 2.50%. The paper concluded that there is need to maintain an optimal population growth that will be consistent with the available resources is sustainable economic development is to be achieved.

Page(s): 43-50                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 July 2021

  Supper Roland Okijie
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Uyo, P.M.B. 1017, Uyo, Akwa, Ibom State, Nigeria

  Ubong Edem Effiong
Department of Economics, University of Uyo, P.M.B. 1017, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

[1] Banerjee, R. (2012). Population growth and endogenous technological change: Australian economic growth in the long run. Economic Record, 88, 214 – 228.
[2] Becker, G. S., Laeser, E. L., & Murphy, K. M. (1999, May). Population and economic growth. American Economic Review, 89(2), 145 – 149.
[3] Bloom, D. E., & Canning, D. (2004). Global demographic change: Dimensions and economic significance (NBER Working Paper No. 10817). Washington, DC: National Bureau of Economic Research.
[4] Boserup, E. (1965). The conditions of agricultural growth: The economics of agrarian change under population pressure. Chicago, IL: Aldine.
[5] Bucci, A. (2015). Product proliferation, population, and economic growth. Journal of Human Capital, 9, 170 – 197.
[6] Doepke M. (2005). Child mortality and fertility decline: Does the Barro-Becker model fit the facts? Journal of Population Economics, 18(2), 337–366.
[7] Effiong, U. E. (2019). An analysis of the Malthusian population theory and its prevalence in the Nigerian society. International Journal of Management Studies, Business & Entrepreneurship Research, 4(2), 8 – 25.
[8] Ehrlich, P. (1968). The population bomb. New York, NY: Ballantine Books.
[9] Fernández-Villaverde J. (2001). Was Malthus right? Economic growth and population dynamics. Working Paper, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania.
[10] Galor, O. (2012). The Demographic Transition: Causes and Consequences. Cliometrica (Berl), 6(1), 1–28. doi:10.1007/s11698-011-0062-7
[11] Heady, D. D., & Hodge, A. (2009). The effect of population growth on economic growth: A meta-regression analysis of the macroeconomic literature. Population and Development Review, 35, 221 – 248.
[12] Huang, T., & Xie, Z. (2013). Population and economic growth: A simultaneous equation perspective. Applied Economics, 45, 3820 – 3826.
[13] Kalemli-Ozcan S (2002) Does the mortality decline promote economic growth. Journal of Economic Growth, 7(4), 411–439.
[14] Kelley, A. C., & Schmidt, R. M. (2001). Economic and demographic change: A synthesis of models, findings and perspectives.In N. Birdsall, A. C. Kelley, & S. W. Sinding (Eds.), Population matters: Demographic change, economic growth, and poverty in the developing world (pp. 67 – 105). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
[15] Kumar, M. (2021). Population growth and economic development: A close view. https://www.economicsdiscussion.net/economic-development/population-growth-and-economic-development-a-close-view/11808
[16] Malthus, T. R. (1798). An essay on the principles of population. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[17] Mierau, J. O., & Turnovsky, S. J. (2014). Demography, growth and inequality. Economic Theory, 55, 29 – 68.
[18] Murphy, T. E. (2009). Technical report. MIMEO; Old habits die hard (Sometimes): What candépartement heterogeneity tell us about the French fertility decline?
[19] Peterson, E. W. F. (2017). The role of population in economic growth. SAGE (October – December), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244017736094
[20] Piketty, T. (2014). Capital in the twenty-first century. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
[21] Ranganathan, S., Swain, R. B. & Sumpter, D. J. T. (2015). The demographic transition and economic growth: implications for development policy. Palgrave Communications, 1 – 7. DOI: 10.1057/palcomms.2015.33.www.palgrave-journals.com/palcomms
[22] Sethy, S. K., & Sahoo, H. (2015). Investigating the relationship between population and economic growth: An analytical study of India. Indian Journal of Economics and Business, 14, 269 – 288.
[23] Simon, J. L. (1981). The ultimate resource. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
[24] Social Science (2021). Demographic transition theory. LibreTexts. Available at https://socialsci.libretexts.org
[25] Tumwebaze, H. K., & Ijjo, A. T. (2015). Regional economic integration and economic growth in the COMESA region, 1980 – 2010. African Development Review, 27, 67 – 77.
[26] Thuku, G. K., Gachanja, P. & Almadi, O. (2013). The impact of population change on economic growth in Kenya. International Journal of Economics and Management Science, 2(6), 43 – 60.
[27] United Nations (2008). United Nations Population Fund.
[28] World Bank (1984). World Development Report.
[29] Yao, W., Kinugasa, T., & Hamori, S. (2013). An empirical analysis of the relationship between economic development and population growth in China. Applied Economics, 45, 4651 – 4661.
[30] Yoo, P. (1994). Boom or bust? The economic effects of the baby boom. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review, 76(5), 13 – 22.

Supper Roland Okijie, Ubong Edem Effiong “Ascertaining the Optimal Population Growth Threshold for Nigeria’s Economic Development” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.43-50 June 2021  DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5206

Download PDF

pdf

Rethinking Strategic Security: Juxtaposing Kenya’s Participation in Regional Security with Stability in the Horn of Africa Region
Abel Holla- June 2021 – Page No.: 51-54

As the region’s leading influence, Kenya is among the few African countries that have enjoyed relative peace since independence. Kenya’s pivotal role in the greater Horn of Africa has been instrumental in improving regional security. The nation’s influence in the areas of intelligence, counterterrorism, and personal protection has immensely contributed to the war on terror through progressive defeat of prominent extremist organizations and terror groups such as the Al-Shabaab. Moreover, Kenya is the leading hub for technological advancement and innovation within the East Africa region, with a vibrant and progressive economy. With its election as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, Kenya has gained enviable status among nations as an instrumental country in world politics and peace making. This status has increased the country’s position as one that can influence the geopolitics and security situation in greater Horn of Africa region. Thus, Kenya’s capacity to influence and enforce stability in the Horn of Africa has exponentially increased through the years. This article will examine Kenya’s contribution to peace and stability in the Horn of Africa region.

Page(s): 51-54                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5602

 Abel Holla
Chuka University, Kenya

[1] Abdi, A. A. (2012). The Impact of Conflicts in the Horn of Africa. A Case Study of Kenya.
[2] Bamidele, S. (2017). Regional Approaches to Crisis Response, the African Union (AU) Intervention in African States: How Viable Is It? India Quarterly., 73(1), 114-128.
[3] Cardoso, N. C. (2016). Regional Security in the Horn of Africa: Conflicts, Agendas and Threats. Brazilian Journal of African Studies, 1(2), 131-165.
[4] Colonel Buluma, G. (2014). Al-Shabaab: The Threat to Kenya and the Horn of Africa.
[5] Coning, C. d. (2017). Peace Enforcement in Africa: Doctrinal Distinctions Between the African Union and United Nations. Contemporary Security Policy, 38(1), 145-160.
[6] Coning, C. d. (2019). Africa and UN Peace Operations: Implications for the Future Role of Regional Organisations. In C. d. Coning, & P. M. (Eds.), United Nations Peace Operations in a Changing Global Order. Palgrave Macmillan.
[7] Heally, S. (2011). Seeking peace and security in the Horn of Africa: the contribution of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development. International Affairs, 87(1), 105-120.
[8] Hegre, H., Hultman, L., & Nygård, H. M. (2018). Evaluating the Conflict-Reducing Effect of UN Peacekeeping Operations. The Journal of Politics, 81(1), 215- 232.
[9] Henneberg, I., & Stapel, S. (2021). Cooperation and Conflict at the Horn of Africa: A New Regional Bloc Betweeen Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia and its Consequences for Eastern Africa. Africa Spectrum, 55(3), 339-350.
[10] Hesse, B. J. (2016). Two Generations, Two Interventions in One of the World’s Most-Failed States: The United States, Kenya and Ethiopia in Somalia. Journal of Asian and African Studies, 51(5), 573-593.
[11] Jansen, S. J. (2013). Al-Shabaab in Somalia. New York: Oxford University Press.
[12] Khadiagala, G. (2008). Eastern Africa: Security and the Legacy of Fragility. International Peace Institute.
[13] Lochery, E. (2012). Rendering Differences Visible: The Kenyan State and its Somali Citizens. African Affairs, 615.
[14] Ploch, L., Blanchard, C. M., O’Rourke, R., Mason, R. C., & King, R. O. (2011). Piracy Off the Horn of Africa. Congressional Research Services.
[15] Swan, J. (2007). U.S. Policy in the Horn of Africa . International Conference on African Development Archives.
[16] Wickstead, M. (2013, May 9). IGAD’s Role in Stability and Diplomacy in the Horn of Africa . Chatham House.
[17] Witt, A. (2020). Taking Intervention Politics Seriously: Media Debates and the Contestation of African Regional Interventions ‘from Below’. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 271-288.
[18] Wondemagegnehu, D. Y., & Kebede, D. G. (2017). AMISOM: Charting a New Course for African Union Peace Missions. African Security Review, 26(2), 199-219.

Abel Holla ” Rethinking Strategic Security: Juxtaposing Kenya’s Participation in Regional Security with Stability in the Horn of Africa Region” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.51-54 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5602

Download PDF

pdf

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mothers: the social – psychological consequences and the need for counselling interventions

Samudra Senarath- June 2021 Page No.: 55-60

The World Health Organization declared the outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as a public health emergency of international concern in 2019. This study focuses on the impact of coronavirus on women who are mothers, in Sri Lanka. The objectives of the study were to identify the psychological and social effects experienced by mothers during periods of lockdown and to evaluate their life experience in the current context. The study sample consisted of 340 mothers from different geographical areas. They were categorized as Working and House Mothers. The questionnaire consisted of three sections: demographic information, the Health Cube Survey-Coronavirus 2019 (Stueck 2020) and a self-developed questionnaire about social relationships and related problems. The results of the study showed that Coronavirus has life-threatening implications which have an overall negative impact on the mothers’ psychological wellbeing and social life. Both groups of mothers had negative experiences during the lockdown period, and they reported difficult and different experiences. The Working Mothers reported more difficulties than the House Mothers, since they had to undertake several different roles/tasks in the home during lockdown, such as childcare, working from home and online learning/teaching while dealing with turmoil within the family. Both groups reported significant feelings of helplessness, emotional pain and anxiety about the safety of the family. They also experienced feelings of loss with regard to their social relationships and family members, together with feelings of isolation. Both groups of mothers reported significant changes in their lives, including negative emotions of meaninglessness, insecurity, confusion and sadness. However, the House Mothers reported more negative life evaluations than the Working Mothers. They also reported a significant increase in domestic violence during the lockdown period, as compared to the past. Therefore, persons who fall ill with coronavirus and quarantine persons should have access to online counselling and awareness programs to enhance their social and emotional wellbeing and to improve their quality of life. The government and the private sector should invest in resources relating the professionals to offer online or mobile telephone counselling for patients suffering from coronavirus as well as for persons quarantined at home, in order to improve their social and psychological wellbeing.

Page(s): 55-60                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5603

 Samudra Senarath
Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Colombo

[1] Barak, A., & Grohol, J. M. (2011). Current and future trends in Internet-supported mental health interventions. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 29, 155–196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/ 15228835.2011.616939
[2] British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (2013)
[3] Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: Rapid review of the evidence. The Lancet, 395, 912-920.
[4] Castro, A., Gili, M., Ricci-Cabello, I., Roca, M., Gilbody, S., Perez-Ara, M. Á., McMillan, D. (2020). Effectiveness and adherence of telephone administered psychotherapy for depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Affective Disorders, 260, 514–526. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.jad.2019.09.023
[5] Chaudhury, S. & Samudra, M. (2020) Covid-19 Lockdown and Psychological Effects. Medical Journal of Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth Vol. 13 Issue 6 November-December 2020
[6] Corsini, R. J., and Wedding, D. (2008). Current Psychotherapies. Belmont, CA: Thomson.
[7] Di Giorgio, E., Di Riso, D., Mioni, G. et al. The interplay between mothers’ and children behavioral and psychological factors during COVID-19: an Italian study. European Child Adolescent Psychiatry (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-020-01631-3
[8] Effiong,A.I., Nseobot, I.R., Simen, I.I.,Ette,U., Ahmed, M.S. et al.,(2020). Counselling for Covid-19 patients: Implications for scoail well-being. American Journal of Social and Humanitarian Research, Vol.1 No.3 p1-8
[9] Felix, I. A. M., Ilanit Hasson-O., & Giancarlo, D. (2020). Psychological intervention and COVID19: What we know so far and what we can do. Psychological Interventions and the Covid-19 Pandemic, 1-21. DOI: 10.31234/osf.io/8svfa
[10] Hadjicharalambous, D., Athanasiadi, D.C., Dimitrion, L. (2020) the Impact of the Covid-19 Social Isolation Measures on the Resilience and Quality of life of working Mothers. Social Education Research. Vol.2 Issue 1 p.41-51. http://ojis.wiserpub.com/index.php/SER.
[11] Kline, M., & Snow, D. (1994). Effects of a worksite coping skills intervention on the stress, social support, and health outcomes of working mothers. Journal of Primary Prevention, 15(2), 105-121.
[12] Liu,J.J., Bao Y, Huang, X, Shi, J, Lu,L. (2020) Mental health consideration for children quarantined because of COVID-19. Lancet Child Adolescents Health 4 (5) p. 347-349. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642 (20)30096-1
[13] Liu, S., Yang, L., Zhang, C., Xiang, Y. T., Liu, Z., Hu, S., & Zhang, B. (2020). Online mental health services in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet Psychiatry, 7(4), e17–e18. http://dx.doi .org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30077-8
[14] Meleis, A. I., & Stevens, P. E. (1992). Women in clerical jobs: Spousal role satisfaction, stress, and coping. Women & Health, 18(1), 23-40.
[15] Murphy, A. (2020). The Five Emotional Stages of Lockdown and how to cope with each one in the Face of COVID 19 So which one are you in? Daily Mail Australia; 6 April, 2010. Retrieved on 5th December, 2020 from: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-8190399/The-five emotional-stages-coronavirus-lockdown-impact-mental-health. html.
[16] Noor, N. (1999). Roles and women’s well-being: Some preliminary findings from Malaysia. Sex Roles, 41(3-4), 123- 145
[17] Pierce, B. S., Perrin, P. B., & McDonald, S. D. (2020). Demographic, organizational, and clinical practice predictors of U.S. psychologists’ use of telepsychology. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 51, 184–193. http://dx.doi .org/10.1037/pro0000267
[18] Qiu J, Shen B, Zhao M, Wang Z, Xie B, Xu Y. A nationwide survey of psychological distress 332 among Chinese people in the COVID 19 epidemic: Implications and policy recommendations. Gen. Psychiatry 2020; 33:19 21.
[19] Rossi R, Socci V, Talevi D, Mensi S, Niolu C, Pacitti F, et al. (2020) COVID 19 pandemic and lockdown measures impact on mental health among the general population in Italy. An N=18147 web basedsurvey. [Doi: 10.1101/2020.04.09.20057802].: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.0
[20] Snow, D. L., Swan, S. C., Raghavan, C., Connell, C. M., & Klein, I. (2003). The relationship of work stressors, coping and social support to psychological symptoms among female secretarial employees. Work & Stress, 17(3), 241-263.
[21] Stueck, M. (2020) Health-Cube-Survey-Corona Virus COVID19. Network Bio centric Disaster and Health Management: DPFA
[22] Van Hoof, E. (2020) Lock Down is the World’s Biggest Psychological Experiment and We will Pay the Price. World Economic Forum: 09 ,April,2020, Available from: from:https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/04/this is the psychological side of the covid 19 pande mic that were ignoring/..
[23] Wang C, Pan R, Wan X, Tan Y, Xu L, Ho C.S, et al. Immediate psychological responses and associated factors during the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID 19) epidemic among the general population in China. International Journal Environment Research Public Health 2020; 17: pii: E1729. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17051729.
[24] World Health Organization (2020) WHO Director-General’s statement on IHR Emergency Committee on Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV). WHO, Geneva
[25] Zhou, X., Snoswell, C. L., Harding, L. E., Bambling, M., Edirippulige, S., Bai, X., & Smith, A. C. (2020). The role of telehealth in reducing the mental health burden from COVID-19. Telemedicine Journal and e-Health, 26, 377–379. http://dx.doi .org/10.1089/tmj.2020.006

Samudra Senarath, “Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mothers: the social – psychological consequences and the need for counselling interventions” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.55-60 June 2021  DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5603

Download PDF

pdf

Ethics and Procurement Performance in State Corporations in Kenya

John Gichuki Kahare, Dennis Chege – June 2021 Page No.: 61-66

Despite the efforts put in by the government to oversee the introduction of the public procurement and disposal act of 2015 and the integrated financial management system, public institutions have continued to lose public funds through dubious procurement practices. The main aim of his study was to assess the influence that ethical practices have on the procurement performance of Kenyan state corporations with a case study of KenGen. A descriptive research design was used for this study. The population for the study included 381 procurement officers, procurement actuarial, and quantity surveyors at KenGen. Probabilistic sampling through the Yamane formula was used to arrive at a sample of 195 respondents. A questionnaire was the main instrument of data collection administered by the researcher inperson. Data collected was then analyzed through descriptive statistics and inferential analysis. Results of the study were presented on tables and interpretation done narratively.The study found that there are bidders present during tenders opening as shown by a mean of 4.14. The study also found a (β=0.319, t=5.281 and p-value=0.001) between tendering transparency and procurement performance. The study concluded that tendering transparency had a positive and significant influence on procurement performance.The study recommended the continuous publication of tenders, continuous appraisal of tenders by auditors, public participation of bidders during the opening of bids by ensuring that tenders are not tampered with during opening.

Page(s): 61-66                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 July 2021

 John Gichuki Kahare
School of Procurement and Logistic, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya

 Dennis Chege
School of Procurement and Logistic, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya

[1] Amelika, G. (2020). Influence of Compliance with Ethical Procurement Practices on Management of Public Secondary School Resources in Mandera County, Kenya. American Journal of Educational Research, 8(3), 132-141. pubs.sciepub.com/education/8/3/2/index.html
[2] Amelika, L. (2019). Ethics Problems and Problems with Ethics: Toward a Pro-Management Theory. Journal of Business Ethics, 78(3), 300-309.
[3] Atkinson, T. F. (2020). Evaluation of methods used for estimating content validity. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 15(2), 214-221.https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1551741118302687
[4] Bernstein, N. (2016). Procurement Performance and Operational Efficiency in Telecommunication Industry in Kenya, Sage. https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://erepository.uonbi.ac.ke.
[5] De Angelis, R., Howard, M., & Miemczyk, J. (2018). Supply chain management and the circular economy: towards the circular supply chain. Production Planning & Control, 29(6), 425437. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537287.2018.1449244
[6] Eyo, A. (2017). Corruption and the Challenge to Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP). European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, 12(3), 253-265.https://epppl.lexxion.eu/article/EPPPL/2017/3/8
[7] Foerstl, K., Schleper, M. C., & Henke, M. (2017). Purchasing and supply management: From efficiency to effectiveness in an integrated supply chain. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 23(4). https://nottingham repository.worktribe.com/preview/966017/Purchasing%20and%20supply%20managem nt.pdf
[8] Hanum, Y., Haddad, A. (2019). ‘Ethical supply chains: analysis, practices and performance measures’, International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, 17,(4), 472–497. DOI: 10.1504/IJLSM.2014.061016
[9] Keitany, M. M. &Mukanzi, N. (2017). Role of supplier relationship management on procurement performance in manufacturing sector in Kenya: A case of East African Breweries. International Academic Journal of Procurement and Supply Chain Management, 2 (1), 1-20. iajournals.org/articles/iajpscm_v2_i1_1_20.pdf
[10] Kilonzo, D. (2017). Procurement Ethics and Organizational Performance of Animal Feeds Manufacturing Firms in Kenya. [Masters thesis, JKUATCOHRED].https://www.coursehero.com/file/40793967/Musyoka
[11] Kisang, L., & Kwasira, J. (2015). Assessment of success factors for implementation of public procurement and disposal act in the county government of Uasin Gishu, Kenya. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, 3(11), 513- 527.https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.1065.4749&rep=rep1&type= df
[12] Kitheka, S. S. (2018). Influence of Sourcing Ethics on Procurement Performance of State Corporations in Kenya. [Doctoral dissertation, JKUAT-COHRED]. https://strategicjournals.com/index.php/journal/article/view/1001
[13] Makali, J. (2015). Ethics and procurement performance of humanitarian organizations in Kenya. [Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi].erepository.uonbi.ac.ke/handle/11295/94607
[14] Mbae, L. N. (2014). Public procurement law and procurement performance of county governments in Kenya: Case of Machakos county government. [Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi]. https://www.scirp.org/reference/referencespapers.aspx?referenceid 2257738
[15] Muhia, J., Waithera, L., & Songole, R. (2017). Factors affecting the procurement of pharmaceutical drugs: a case study of Narok County referral hospital, Kenya. Med ClinRev, 3(4), 20.https://www.researchgate.net/profile/JoyMuhia/publication/322591537_Factors_Affecting_the_Procurement_of_PharmaceuticalDrugs_A_Case_Study_of_Narok_County_Referral_Hospital_Kenya/links/5b505834458 1507a7ae2b09/Factors-Affecting-the-Procurement-of-Pharmaceutical-Drugs-A-CaseStudy-of-Narok-County-Referral-Hospital-Kenya.pdf
[16] Ngovi, K. (2019). Ethics and Fraud in Procurement among Private and Public Organizations in Kenya. [Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi]. erepository.uonbi.ac.ke/handle/11295/108877
[17] Nuseir, E., &Ghandour, K. N. (2019). Public sector procurement and ethical trade: governance and social responsibility in some hidden global supply chains. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 44(2), 242-255. https://rgs-ibg.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/tran.12274
[18] Odhiambo, O. V. T. (2016). Evaluation of Fraud Management Strategies Adopted by Manufacturing Companies in Kenya. [Dessertaion, University Of Nairobi].erepository.uonbi.ac.ke/bitstream/handle/11295/15353/ABSTRACT.pdf?sequen e=3
[19] Republic of Kenya. (2019). Supplies Manual: Government Printer, Nairobi. https://www.health.go.ke/resources/guidelines-and-manuals/
[20] Simiyu, V., Keitany, P., & Mukanzi, C. (2017). Influence of supplier evaluation ethical practice on supply chain performance among G4s transport and logistics firms in western Kenya. American Journal of Educational Research, 15(17), 212-234. strategicjournals.com/index.php/journal/article/view/630/0
[21] Vargas, J. R. C., Mantilla, C. E. M., & de Sousa Jabbour, A. B. L. (2018). Enablers of sustainable supply chain management and its effect on competitive advantage in the Colombian context. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 139, 237-250.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2018.08.018
[22] White, G. R., Parfitt, S., Lee, C., & Mason‐Jones, R. (2016). Challenges to the development of strategic procurement: A meta‐analysis of organizations in the public and private sectors. Journal of Strategic Change, 25(3), 285-298.DOI:10.1108/JOPP-05-03 2005-B005

John Gichuki Kahare, Dennis Chege “Ethics and Procurement Performance in State Corporations in Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.61-66 June 2021  DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5206

Download PDF

pdf

A Biomimicry Study of Interface Design for Kitchenware of Pahang’s National Park

Norfadilah Kamaruddin, Noor Shamsarini Md Isa, Nik Nor Azidah Nik Aziz, Inda Murni Hairul – June 2021 Page No.: 67-70

Sustainable design currently is becoming a more and more popular and foreseeable perspective of viewing products. Besides, a biomimicry is a science work that studies on nature’s ways and then imitates these designs for human problem-solving. Biomimicry moreover can be categories into three different levels: Nature as a model, Nature as a measure, and Nature as a mentor. Thus, the research is carried out by using qualitative research methods to look on how nature’s masterpieces pattern would be used as an interfaces for kitchenware product (ceramic) that further presenting a brand for Pahang’s National Park. The kitchenware design is based on systematic analysis of local nature patterns collected from plants, fish, and flora within the area of Kuala Keniam, Pahang’s National Park.This new set of design kitchenware product visibly significant defines the relationship of nature, and can be applied to practical design to enhance and support visual communication.

Page(s): 67-70                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 July 2021

  Norfadilah Kamaruddin
Creative Visual Exchange Group, Faculty of Art and Design, UniversitiTeknologi MARA (UiTM) Selangor, PuncakAlam Campus, PuncakAlam, Selangor

  Noor Shamsarini Md Isa
Creative Visual Exchange Group, Faculty of Art and Design, UniversitiTeknologi MARA (UiTM) Selangor, PuncakAlam Campus, PuncakAlam, Selangor

  Nik Nor Azidah Nik Aziz
Creative Visual Exchange Group, Faculty of Art and Design, UniversitiTeknologi MARA (UiTM) Selangor, PuncakAlam Campus, PuncakAlam, Selangor

  Inda Murni Hairul
Creative Visual Exchange Group, Faculty of Art and Design, UniversitiTeknologi MARA (UiTM) Selangor, PuncakAlam Campus, PuncakAlam, Selangor

  Mohd Shariful Hafizal Aminuddin
Creative Visual Exchange Group, Faculty of Art and Design, UniversitiTeknologi MARA (UiTM) Selangor, PuncakAlam Campus, PuncakAlam, Selangor

  Fadli Abdul Razak
Creative Visual Exchange Group, Faculty of Art and Design, UniversitiTeknologi MARA (UiTM) Selangor, PuncakAlam Campus, PuncakAlam, Selangor

[1] Bohren (1988). Understanding colours in nature. 1(4):214-22. https://doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0749.1988.tb00419.x.
[2] Chan, I.Z.W., Chang, J.J.M., Huang, D. & Todd, P.A. (2019). Colour pattern measurements successfully differentiate two cryptic Onchidiidae Rafinesque, 1815 species. Mar. Biodivers. 1–8. Marine Biodiversity
[3] Endler, J.A., Cole, G.L. & Kranz, A.M. (2018). Boundary strength analysis: Combining colour pattern geometry and coloured patch visual properties for use in predicting behaviour and fitness. Methods Ecol. Evol. 9: 2334–2348.
[4] Endler, J.A. & Mielke, P.P.W. (2005). Comparing entire colour patterns as birds see them. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 86: 405–431.
[5] Hempel De Ibarra, N., Giurfa, M. &Vorobyev, M. (2002). Discrimination of coloured patterns by honeybees through chromatic and achromatic cues. J. Comp. Physiol. A Neuroethol. Sensory, Neural, Behav. Physiol. 188: 503–512.
[6] Maia, R. & White, T.E. (2018). Comparing colors using visual models. Behav. Ecol. 29: 649–659.
[7] Mathews,F.(2011)TowardsaDeeperPhilosophyofBiomimicry,Organization&Environment,24(4),364 -387.
[8] M Macnab, WB Fan (2013). Design by nature: using universal forms and principles in design (China Machine Press, Beijing,
[9] Murphy, P. and Doherty, P. (1996). The Colour of Nature. Chronicle Books, San Francisco, Ca.
[10] Reap, J., Baumeister, D. and Bras, B.(2005) Holism, biomimicry and sustainable engineering, In ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 423 – 431.
Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321397939_Biomimicry_as_Innovation_a_systematic_review [accessed May 31 2021].
[11] R Oxman, N Gu. (2015) . Theories and Models of Parametric Design Thinking. eCAADe 33, 2, 477- 482
[12] R Oxman. (2017). Thinking difference: Theories and models of parametric design thinking. Design Studies, 52, 4-39
[13] Shuichi Kinoshita and Shinya Yoshioka (2005). Structural Colours in Nature: The Role of Regularity and Irregularity in the Structure. 6(8):1442-59 https://doi.org/10.1002/cphc.200500007
[14] Williams, E.H. (2005). The Nature Handbook. Oxford University Press. New York, NY

Norfadilah Kamaruddin, Noor Shamsarini Md Isa, Nik Nor Azidah Nik Aziz, Inda Murni Hairul
Anuar, Mohd Shariful Hafizal Aminuddin, and Fadli Abdul Razak, “A Biomimicry Study of Interface Design for Kitchenware of Pahang’s National Park” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.67-70 June 2021  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/67-70.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Assessment of Vessel Turnaround Time in Eastern Nigerian Ports
Monday, E. I., Emenike, G. C. and Ibe C. C.- June 2021 – Page No.: 71-74

The study examined vessel turnaround time in Eastern Nigerian ports. The study adopted a survey research design. Three hundred and eleven questionnaire were administered to operational staff of Eastern Nigerian ports, and oral interviews were conducted using simple random sampling technique across the Ports. A direct emailing system was utilised to administer respondents questionnaire directly and available data obtained were analysed descriptively. The study findings revealed that container terminal performance in Eastern Nigerian ports with regards to vessel turnaround time at its best of 2 days per vessel especially for Onne Port in recent time, followed by Rivers Port, Delta (Warri) Port, and the Calabar Port in that order of efficiency. The PPMC analysis revealed that the rho outcome of 0.798 @ p0.000 <0.05 reveals that there is a strong significant relationship between port infrastructure and vessel turnaround time in Eastern Nigerian ports, which infer that the null hypothesis was rejected and alternate hypothesis was accepted indicating that; there is a significant relationship between port infrastructure and vessel turnaround time in Eastern Nigerian ports. The study concluded that vessel turnaround time has a global standard duration of 24 hours per vessel, hence the need for total improvement across the Eastern Ports. Port managers should improve on port automation orientation of their ports by encouraging the use of efficient work information and communication technology systems in order to improve on vessel turnaround time among others port performance indicators. Port managers should institutionalise port automation that will improve cargo turnaround time in the various sea-port so as to increase the income generation activities of port, thereby improving the nation’s economy.

Page(s): 71-74                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 July 2021

 Monday, E. I.
Centre for Logistics and Transport Studies, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria

 Emenike, G. C.
Centre for Logistics and Transport Studies, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria

 Ibe C. C.
Centre for Logistics and Transport Studies, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria

[1] Amadi F. (2014). A comparative analysis of delay factors in Nigeria seaports; study of Port Harcourt and OnneSeaport Complex. An Unpublished Master’s Degree Dissertation submitted to the Centre for Logistics and Transportation Studies, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Rivers State.
[2] Emenike. G. C., Amamilo, A. C. &Ajayi, A.O. (2018). Assessment of Vessel Traffic and Customers Patronage at the Rivers Seaport, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. Nature and Science16, 22-29. Retrieved online from http://www.sciencepub.net/nature. Accessed on 28/8/2018.
[3] Eniola, O. (2014). Performance Evaluation of Nigerian Ports: Pre and Post Concession Eras. A Journal of Civil and Environmental Research, 6 (2), 70- 85.
[4] Filani, M. O. &Shomoyiwa, B., (2009). Productivity assessment of Apapa Container Terminal. Paper presentation at ports and terminal conference, Lagos.
[5] Francou, B. (2000). Macroeconomics. Unpublished lecture handout, World Maritime University,
[6] Francou, B. (2001). Port Performance Indicators. Malmö, Unpublished lecture handout, World
[7] Gertjan, D. B. &Bart, W.(2018). Shortseashipping: astatisticalanalysis of influencingfactorson SSSin EuropeanCountries,JournalofShippingandTrade,3(6):1-20.
[8] Igbokwe, M. I. (2013). Major Problems Associated with the Nigerian Ports System and Suggested Solutions. An Unpublished Seminar Paper. Malmö, Sweden. Maritime University, Malmö, Sweden.
[9] Ndikom, O. B. C. (2013).Fundamentals of freight forwarding practice in Nigeria. Lagos, Bumico publishers
[10] Nwanosike F.O., Tipi N.S.& Warnock-Smith D. (2016):Productivity change in Nigerian seaports after reform: a Malmquist productivity index decomposition approach, Maritime Policy & Management, pp 1-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03088839.2016.1183827.
[11] Sheck, (2007) Port infrastructure in Africa, presentation at 5th international African conference, Durbin South Africa, March 29-30.

Monday, E. I., Emenike, G. C. and Ibe C. C. ” Assessment of Vessel Turnaround Time in Eastern Nigerian Ports” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.71-74 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/71-74.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Challenging role of women during disasters: A case of covid-19

Kariwo Edwin and Rugara Tofara- June 2021 Page No.: 75-79

The study was an attempt assesses the role of women during COVID 19 lockdown. From the findings it has been established that when disasters happen, existing inequalities for women and girls and discrimination intensify. Working women who were operating from home have proved to be in a dilemma of balancing work, mother and wife duties under the same roof. Their reproductive and community linked duties remained critical despite the evolution of the covid-19 pandemic. The informal sector has been hard hit as the majority of the middle as well as lower classes of people sorely rely on it for survival. It was exaggerated by the imposed lockdown condition in order to curb the spread of coronavirus. People were not allowed to go to work, go to the markets, cross borders and or visit the malls or entering town if not among the ‘essential service providers’. Female commercial sex workers’ tools of their trade as well as their clients were usually found in the public spaces but the rules of the game made a spontaneous turn making them more vulnerable to risky way of business. There is notable increase in domestic violence as social interaction hours in the home have increased which was alien to most working couples. As a result women have suffered the most.

Page(s): 75-79                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 08 July 2021

 Kariwo Edwin
Great Zimbabwe University

 Rugara Tofara
Great Zimbabwe University

[1] Ferris, E. Petz, D. and Stark, C. (2013). Disaster Risk Management:A Gender- Sensitive Approach is a Smart Approach of The Year of Recurring Disasters: A Review of Natural Disasters in 2012.
[2] Gokhale, V. (2008). Role of Women in Disaster Management: An Analytical Study with Reference to Indian Society. College of Architecture: Pune.
[3] Gubrium, J.F & Holstein, J.A. (2001). Handbook of interview research: context and method. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.
[4] https://covid.ourworldindata.org/data/ecdc/total_cases.csv. Date accessed: 13-04-20.
[5] https://www.cleverism.com/interview-schedule-definition-types-templates-tips. Date Accesed:15-04-20.
[6] Intemann, K. (2019). The Oxford Handbook of Feminist Theory.Montana State University: Havre.
[7] Sini, R. (2020) Gendering COVID-19: implications for women, peace and security. The London School of Economics and political science: Tbilisi.
[8] UNFPA COVID 19 Report 2020.A gender lens: Protecting sexual and reproductive health and rights promoting gender equality.
[9] United Nations Development Programme/One United Nations Plaza New York NY 10017 USA | www.undp.org | October 2010. Date accessed: 13-04-20.

Kariwo Edwin and Rugara Tofara, “Challenging role of women during disasters: A case of covid-19” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.75-79 June 2021  https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/75-79.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Adolescents with Personality Disorders: A Systematic Review

Olubukola Akanni, Prince Jacob – June 2021 Page No.: 80-89

Personality Disorder is a mental health disorder recognized by the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) and the Mental Disorders Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). Personality Disorder refers to personality characteristics that, for a prolonged period, are maladaptive, inflexible, and pervasive in many contexts, causing severe discomfort and disability. The study was DSM-5 lists three clusters of personality disorders with ten specific disorders in those categories. An adolescent must meet the DSM-5 requirements to be diagnosed with a personality disorder. The primary aim of this article is to review research documenting the underlying mental health problems in personality disorders amongst adolescents and, to evaluate research on potential intervention for such disorders.
Eligibility criteria: This systematic review has exclusion and inclusion criteria that were applied to the search results of publication within the last 20 years and included personality and adolescence in the title.
Results: Nineteen studies were considered out of sixty (60) primary studies, of which 19 (31.66%) satisfied the inclusion criteria. The primary studies reviewed personality disorder in childhood/adolescence and the screening for personality disorder in adolescents and impaired functioning from adolescence to adulthood. Personality Disorder was predominately measured using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Axis II disorders (n = 9), the Diagnostic Interview for GHQ & SIPP (n = 2), and DSM criteria based psychiatric evaluation (n = 8). The primary studies utilized cross-sectional, case-control. Studies comprised a mix of clinical and non-clinical populations and ranged in duration from 10 to 24 years.
Conclusions: Adolescent personality has significant genetics and environmental impact. This systematic review shows that many adolescents display behaviour to a certain degree, making it challenging to differentiate mental health disorder and normal adolescent behaviour from a personality disorder. A significant clue is when adolescents have recurrent issues or defiance and when these behaviours are getting more severe. Adolescents at risk of PDs may also be having substance abuse disorder, including alcohol, which exacerbates depression or anxiety. The self-reported data provided very few cases that met diagnostic requirements for personality disorders in adolescence. Hence, more studiesare still needed.

Page(s): 80-89                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 08 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5604

 Olubukola Akanni
Department of Psychology, Atlantic International University, Hawaii, USA

 Prince Jacob
Academic Advisor, Atlantic International University Hawaii, USA

[1] Aken , L. S. (2003). Predictors of withdrawal: Possible precursors of avoidant personality disorder. Development and Psychopathology, 21, 815–838.
[2] Bakermans, K. (2008). Personality disorders in early adolescence and the development of later substance use disorders in the general population. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 88S, S71–S84.
[3] Biskin RS, et., al. (2011). Outcomes in women diagnosed with borderline personality disorder in adolescence. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 20, 168–174.
[4] Chanen, A. M. & McCutcheon, L., (2013). Borderline personality disorder in young people and the prospects for prevention and early intervention. Curr Psychiatry, (4), 48-57.
[5] Cooklin, M. (2013). Development of personality disorder symptoms and the risk for partner violence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115, 474–483.
[6] Ellis, L. K. (2008). Revision of the Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire. Poster presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Minneapolis, MN.
[7] Galbally, W. (2011). The structure of temperament and personality in Russian children. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 341–351.
[8] Ibrahim J, al. et. (2018). Childhood maltreatment and its link to borderline personality disorder features in children: A systematic review approach. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 23(1): 57–76.
[9] Ioana A.et al. (2017). Efficacy of Psychotherapies for Borderline Personality Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Psychiatry. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.
[10] Johnson, J. G., (2001). Adolescent personality disorders associated with violence and criminal behavior during adolescence and early adulthood. Am J Psychiat. (157); 1406-1412.
[11] Johnson, J. G., (2008). Personality disorder traits during adolescence and relationships with family members during the transition to adulthood. J Consult Clin Psych., (72), 923-932
[12] Kayla R. et., al (2019). Parenting and personality disorder: An overview and meta-synthesis of systematic reviews. School of Psychology, Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
[13] Kuperman, M. (1999). Assessment of abnormal personality in childhood: A Delphi survey of questionnaire data. Journal of Personality Disorders, 25, 89–100.
[14] Lahey, W. (1988). Personality diagnoses in adolescence: DSM-IV Axis II diagnoses and an empirically derived alternative. Am J Psychiat. 160: 952-966
[15] Lewis. T. (2001). Personality disorders associated with substance abuse among American and Greek adolescents. Adolescence. 37: 841-854.
[16] McGorry, C. H. (2013). Mentalization-based Treatment for selfharm in adolescents: a randomised control trial. J Am Acad Child Psy. in press
[17] Meins, H. (1997). The association between Axis I and Axis II psychiatric symptoms and high-risk sexual behavior during adolescence. J Pers Disord. 16: 73-94.
[18] Moffitt (2002). Personality disorders in children and adolescents. New York: Basic Books
[19] Moffitt, (2001). The stigmatization of mental illness in children and parents: developmental issues, family concerns, and research needs. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 46(7):714–734.
[20] Moher D, et., al. (2009). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. Annals of Internal Medicine 151, 264–269.
[21] Nigg, R. (1997), Cluster A personality disorders: Schizotypal, schizoid, and paranoid personality disorders in childhood and adolescence. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32, 515–528.
[22] Nijssens, J. (2013). Personality Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence. 2007, Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
[23] Perroud, F. (2014). The burden of disease among adolescents with personality pathology: Quality of life and costs. Journal of Personality Disorders, 26, 593–604
[24] Rathus, S., (2002). Prevalence and comorbidity of Axis I and Axis II disorders among treatment refractory adolescents admitted for specialized psychotherapy. J Pers Disord. 2011, 25: 842-850. 10.1521/pedi.2011.25.6.842.
[25] Reed GM, et. al. (2005). Operationalizing the international classification of functioning, disability and health in clinical settings. Rehabilitation Psychology 50, 122–131.
[26] Rosenstein, C. (1996). Categories versus dimensions in the classification and conceptualization of child and adolescent mental disorders—implications of recent empirical study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53, 469–489.
[27] Royal College of Psychiatrists, (2011). The American Psychiatric Publishing textbook of personality disorders (pp. 143– 154). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.
[28] Sarkar, H &Adshead, S. (2006). Manual for the Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality–2 (SNAP-2). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
[29] Schuppert, G. (2009). Personality disorder assessment: The challenge of construct validity. Journal of Personality Disorders, 11, 205–231.
[30] Sethi et al., 2000). Children of mothers with borderline personality disorder: Identifying parenting behaviours as potential targets for intervention. Journal of Personality Disorders. 3(1): 76–91.
[31] Shonin, M. (2013). Stability and change in personality disorder. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18, 27–31.
[32] Stormshak et al., 2000), The validity of DSM-III borderline personality disorder: a phenomenologic, family history, treatment responseand long-term follow-up study. Archives of General Psychiatry 40, 23–30.
[33] Sunderland, C. (2006). Assessment and diagnosis of personality disorder: Perennial issues and emerging conceptualization. Annual Review of Psychology, 58, 227–257.
[34] Sved Williams AE, et. al. (2018) A new therapeutic group to help women with borderline personality disorder and their infants. Journal of Psychiatric Practice.; 24 (5): 331–340
[35] Van, I. (1999). Temperament as a unifying basis for personality and psychopathology. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114, 505–521.
[36] Van, I. (2011). Precursors and diverse pathways to personality disorder in children and adolescents. Development and Psychopathology, 21, 683–685.
[37] Vanyukov, S. (1993). An overview of developmental psychopathology. In P. Zelazo (Ed.), Oxford handbook of developmental psychology (pp. 455–480). New York: Oxford University Press.
[38] Wachikwu, H. &Ibegbunam, D. (2012). Developmental psychopathology: Reactions, reflections, projections. Developmental Review, 13, 471–502.
[39] Winograd G, Cohen P, Chen H (2008). Adolescent borderline symptoms in the community: prognosis for functioning over 20 years. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 49, 933–941.
[40] Winsper, C., et al. (22015). The aetiology of borderline personality disorder (BPD): contemporary theories and putative mechanisms. Current Opinion in Psychology. 21: 105–110.
[41] Wolff, S. (1968), Adolescent personality disorders and conflict with romantic partners during the transition to adulthood. Journal of Personality Disorders, 18, 507–525.
[42] Yates, H (2003). Adolescent Axis I and personality disorders predict quality of life during young adulthood. J Adolescent Health. (39); 14-19
[43] Zanarini, F. et., al., (2001). Personality disorders from the perspective of child and adolescent psychiatry. Severe personality disorders: everyday issues in clinical practice. New York: Cambridge University Press, 79-92.
[44] Chen, H., Cohen, P., Crawford, T. N., Kasen, S., Guan, B., &Gorden, K. (2009). Impact of early adolescent psychiatric and personality disorder on long-term physical health: A 20-year longitudinal follow-up study. Psychological medicine, 39(5), 865.
[45] Moran, P., Leese, M., Lee, T., Walters, P., Thornicroft, G., & Mann, A. (2003). Standardised Assessment of Personality–Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS): preliminary validation of a brief screen for personality disorder. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 183(3), 228-232.
[46] Adshead, G., Brodrick, P., Preston, J., & Deshpande, M. (2012). Personality disorder in adolescence. Advances in psychiatric treatment, 18(2), 109-118.
[47] De Clercq, B., & De Fruyt, F. (2003). Personality disorder symptoms in adolescence: A five-factor model perspective. Journal of Personality Disorders, 17(4), 269-292.
[48] Kim, S., Sharp, C., & Carbone, C. (2014). The protective role of attachment security for adolescent borderline personality disorder features via enhanced positive emotion regulation strategies. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 5(2), 125.
[49] Johnson, J. G., Cohen, P., Kasen, S., Skodol, A. E., & Oldham, J. M. (2008). Cumulative prevalence of personality disorders between adolescence and adulthood. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 118(5), 410-413.
[50] Johnson, J. G., Cohen, P., Kasen, S., Skodol, A. E., Hamagami, F., & Brook, J. S. (2000). Age‐related change in personality disorder trait levels between early adolescence and adulthood: A community‐based longitudinal investigation. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 102(4), 265-275.
[51] Reising, K., Farrington, D. P., Ttofi, M. M., Piquero, A. R., &Coid, J. W. (2019). Childhood risk factors for personality disorder symptoms related to violence. Aggression and violent behavior, 49, 101315.
[52] Hauber, K., Boon, A. E., &Vermeiren, R. (2017). Examining changes in personality disorder and symptomology in an adolescent sample receiving intensive mentalization based treatment: a pilot study. Child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health, 11(1), 1-7.
[53] See, A. Y., Klimstra, T. A., Shiner, R. L., &Denissen, J. J. (2020). Linking narrative identity with schizotypal personality disorder features in adolescents. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment.
[54] Pickard, H. (2011). Responsibility without blame: Empathy and the effective treatment of personality disorder. Philosophy, psychiatry, & psychology: PPP, 18(3), 209.
[55] Beck, A. T., Davis, D. D., & Freeman, A. (Eds.). (2015). Cognitive therapy of personality disorders. Guilford Publications.
[56] Rodríguez-Ferreiro, J., Aguilera, M., & Davies, R. (2020). Positive schizotypy increases the acceptance of unpresented materials in false memory tasks in non-clinical individuals. Frontiers in psychology, 11, 262.
[57] Esterberg, M. L., Goulding, S. M., & Walker, E. F. (2010). Cluster A personality disorders: schizotypal, schizoid and paranoid personality disorders in childhood and adolescence. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32(4), 515-528.
[58] Fountoulakis, K. N., Leucht, S., &Kaprinis, G. S. (2008). Personality disorders and violence. Current opinion in psychiatry, 21(1), 84-92.
[59] Lykken, D. T. (1995). The antisocial personalities. Psychology Press.
[60] Black, D. W. (2013). Bad boys, bad men: Confronting antisocial personality disorder (sociopathy).
[61] McGee, T. R., Hayatbakhsh, M. R., Bor, W., Aird, R. L., Dean, A. J., &Najman, J. M. (2015). The impact of snares on the continuity of adolescent-onset antisocial behaviour: A test of Moffitt’s developmental taxonomy. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 48(3), 345-366.
[62] Wolfe, D. A., Jaffe, P. G., & Crooks, C. V. (2008). Adolescent risk behaviours: Why teens experiment and strategies to keep them safe. Yale University Press.
[63] Adeusi, S. O. (2013). Efficacy of cognitive restructuring and behavioural rehearsal on conduct disorder in adolescents in Special Correctional Centres in Lagos State (Doctoral dissertation, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State).
[64] Blagov, P. S., &Westen, D. (2008). Questioning the coherence of histrionic personality disorder: Borderline and hysterical personality subtypes in adults and adolescents. The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 196(11), 785-797.
[65] Cale, E. M., & Lilienfeld, S. O. (2002). Histrionic personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder: Sex-differentiated manifestations of psychopathy? Journal of personality disorders, 16(1), 52-72.
[66] Pincus, A. L., &Lukowitsky, M. R. (2010). Pathological narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder. Annual review of clinical psychology, 6, 421-446.
[67] Baumeister, R. F., Catanese, K. R., & Wallace, H. M. (2002). Conquest by force: A narcissistic reactance theory of rape and sexual coercion. Review of general psychology, 6(1), 92-135.
[68] Baskin-Sommers, A., Krusemark, E., &Ronningstam, E. (2014). Empathy in narcissistic personality disorder: from clinical and empirical perspectives. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 5(3), 323.
[69] Ronningstam, E. (2005). Identifying and understanding the narcissistic personality. Oxford University Press.
[70] Pitsch, J. P. (2009). Reports of group differences in narcissism within the practice of Buddhist Satipatthana Vipassana meditation: Experiences of self-centeredness, grandiosity, the need for mirroring/admiration, and emptiness. Institute of Transpersonal Psychology.
[71] Beauchaine, T. P., Klein, D. N., Crowell, S. E., Derbidge, C., &Gatzke-Kopp, L. (2009). Multifinality in the development of personality disorders: A Biology× Sex× Environment interaction model of antisocial and borderline traits. Development and psychopathology, 21(3), 735.
[72] Choi-Kain, L. W., Fitzmaurice, G. M., Zanarini, M. C., Laverdière, O., &Gunderson, J. G. (2009). The relationship between self-reported attachment styles, interpersonal dysfunction, and borderline personality disorder. The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 197(11), 816-821.
[73] Levy, K. N. (2005). The implications of attachment theory and research for understanding borderline personality disorder. Development and psychopathology, 17(4), 959-986.
[74] Lawson, C. A. (2002). Understanding the borderline mother: Helping her children transcend the intense, unpredictable, and volatile relationship. Rowman & Littlefield.
[75] Fineberg, N., Day, G. A., de Koenigswarter, N., Reghunandanan, S., Kolli, S., Jefferies-Sewell, K., … & Laws, K. R. (2015). The neuropsychology of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder: a new analysis. CNS spectrums.
[76] (Royal College of Psychiatrists 2011
[77] Crews, F., He, J., & Hodge, C. (2007). Adolescent cortical development: a critical period of vulnerability for addiction. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 86(2), 189-199.
[78] Rice, F., Harold, G. T., Boivin, J., Van den Bree, M., Hay, D. F., & Thapar, A. (2010). The links between prenatal stress and offspring development and psychopathology: disentangling environmental and inherited influences. Psychological medicine, 40(2), 335-345.
[79] Frick, P. J. (1994). Family dysfunction and the disruptive behavior disorders. Advances in clinical child psychology, 203-226.
[80] Gershoff, E. T. (2002). Corporal punishment by parents and associated child behaviors and experiences: a meta-analytic and theoretical review. Psychological bulletin, 128(4), 539.
[81] Biederman, J., Faraone, S. V., Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Friedman, D., Robin, J. A., & Rosenbaum, J. F. (2001). Patterns of psychopathology and dysfunction in high-risk children of parents with panic disorder and major depression. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158(1), 49-57.
[82] Battle, C. L., Shea, M. T., Johnson, D. M., Yen, S., Zlotnick, C., Zanarini, M. C., … & Morey, L. C. (2004). Childhood maltreatment associated with adult personality disorders: findings from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study. Journal of personality Disorders, 18(2), 193-211.
[83] Fruzzetti, A. E., Shenk, C., & Hoffman, P. D. (2005). Family interaction and the development of borderline personality disorder: A transactional model. Development and psychopathology, 17(4), 1007-1030.
[84] Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K. D., & Wilson, K. G. (2009). Acceptance and commitment therapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
[85] Henggeler, S. W., Schoenwald, S. K., Borduin, C. M., Rowland, M. D., & Cunningham, P. B. (2009). Multisystemic therapy for antisocial behavior in children and adolescents. Guilford Press.
[86] Boucher, C. R. (1999). Students in discord: Adolescents with emotional and behavioral disorders. Greenwood Publishing Group.
[87] Laurenssen, E. M. P., Hutsebaut, J., Feenstra, D. J., Van Busschbach, J. J., &Luyten, P. (2013). Diagnosis of personality disorders in adolescents: a study among psychologists. Child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health, 7(1), 1-4.

Olubukola Akanni, Prince Jacob “Adolescents with Personality Disorders: A Systematic Review” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.80-89 June 2021  DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5604

Download PDF

pdf

Mobile Authentication Service (MAS) Scheme and Public Participation in Eradicating Fake Drugs in South-East Nigeria

Chinonye Faith Chinedu-Okeke (PhD), Nnanyelugo Okoro (Prof.), Ijeoma Obi (PhD) – June 2021 Page No.: 90-98

The issue of fake drugs is a global threat, especially in developing countries like Nigeria. Thus, National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC), among other strategies, launched a Mobile Authentication Service (MAS) scheme that enables the public to authenticate drugs at the point of purchase using scratch codes and SMS. The study examined the level of public awareness, knowledge, and use of MAS in eradicating fake drugs in South-East Nigeria. The study adopted a mixed-methods research of Survey and Key Informant Interviews (KII). The data gathered from 400 respondents via a structured questionnaire were analyzed using descriptive and inferential analysis, while the transcripts from KII were thematically analysed. The analysed data reveals a low level of awareness, knowledge, and use of MAS among respondents, especially in rural areas. Some challenges faced by the respondents in the use of MAS include a low level of awareness and knowledge of MAS, poor network services, elitist nature of the campaign messages on MAS, and partial access to MAS among drug manufacturers. The data also reveal strategies towards enhancing the operations of MAS to ensure its efficiency in eradicating fake drugs in Nigeria. The study, therefore, concludes that the level of public awareness, knowledge, and use of MAS is relatively low, especially in rural areas. The study found that the use of MAS if enhanced is an efficient scheme in eradicating fake drugs in Nigeria.

Page(s): 90-98                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 08 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5605

  Chinonye Faith Chinedu-Okeke (PhD)
Department of Mass Communication, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria

  Nnanyelugo Okoro (Prof.)
Department of Mass Communication, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria

  Ijeoma Obi (PhD)
Department of Mass Communication, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Nigeria

[1] Akinyandenu, O. (2013). Counterfeit drugs in Nigeria: A threat to public health. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7(36), 2571-2576.
[2] Ayodokun, O. J. (2016). The Use of Mobile Phone to check for the Authenticity of Pharmaceutical Products in Nigeria a case study of Mobile Authentication Service (MAS). Retrieved on 22nd July 2017 from http://www.ifra-nigeria.org.
[3] Biztechafrica.com (2013). Sproxil, IBM partner to fight counterfeit drugs. Retrieved 30th March from http://www.biztechafrica.com/article/sproxil-ibm-partner-to-fight-counterfeir-drugs/2739.
[4] Chika, A., Bello, S. O., Jimoh, A. O., & Umar, M. T. (2011). The menace of fake drugs: consequences, causes and possible solutions. Research Journal of Medical Sciences, 5 (5), 257–261.
[5] Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2003). Collecting and interpreting qualitative materials. Sage. Thousand Oaks, Calif.,
[6] Dudu, J.E., & Danjuma, M.N. (2016). Awareness and Use of the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control’s Mobile Authentication Service For Detecting Counterfeit Drugs In Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 21 (2, 3), 21-31.
[7] Erhun, W.O., Erhun, M.O., & Babalola, O.O. (2004). Drug regulation and control in Nigeria: The challenge of counterfeit drugs. Journal of Health and Population in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 23-34.
[8] Eronmhonsele, J.I. (2015). Detecting Counterfeit Drugs through Mobile Authentication Service (MAS): Users’ Challenges in Edo South Senatorial District. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science Invention, 4 (9), 13 -18.
[9] Factsheet (2013). Combating counterfeiting of medical products and similar crimes Factsheet medicrime convention. Retrieved on 30th March 2017 from www.coe.int/medicrime.
[10] Guest, G., Arwen Bunce, & Johnson, L. (2006). How Many Interviews Are Enough?: An Experiment with Data Saturation and Variability. Field Methods, 18(1), 59–82. doi:10.1177/1525822X05279903
[11] Joda AE, Amadi C, Adebayo OI, Maji YI, Uchem C, Olih H. Fake drugs: A survey of healthcare providers in Lagos State, Nigeria. Niger J Basic Clin Sci 2017;14:137-42
[12] McCullen, N. J. (2013). Multiparameter Models of Innovation Diffusion on Complex Networks. SIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems, 12 (1), 515–532.
[13] McQuail, D. (2010). Mass Communication Theory: An Introduction. London: Sage Publications.
[14] Moseti, Y. (2010), Public participation for sustainable development in local cities. 46th ISOCARP Congress 2010, Kenya.
[15] NAFDAC’s MAS Implementation Guide (2010). The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) Mobile Authentication Service Scheme Guidelines for the Procurement and Management of the NAFDAC Mobile Authentication Service (MAS) Scheme. (Accessed May 5, 2017)
[16] NAFDAC News (2013). Issue 4.
[17] NAFDAC/Sproxil (2015). Cares Frequently asked questions on national anti-counterfeit mobile authentication service (MAS) Available at: http://sproxil.com/docs/NAFDAC_Sproxil_BIOFEM_MAS_FAQ.pdf (Accessed May 5, 2017)
[18] National Population Commission (2006). Nigerian Census
[19] Rogers, E. (2003). Diffusion of Innovation Theory. New York: Free Press.
[20] Stack, D.W., & Hocking, J.E. (1999). Communication Research. New York: Addison-Wesley
[21] Thomson, S.B. (2011). Sample Size and Grounded Theory. JOAAG, 5 (1), 45-52. Available at: http://www.joaag.com/uploads/5_1__Research_Note_1_Thomson.pdf
[22] Ukaoha, K. C., Dim, C. N., Daodu, S. S., & Odikayor-Ogbomo, F. I. (2015). Towards A Mobile Drugs Authentication System for Nigerian Users. Computing, Information Systems, Development Informatics & Allied Research Journal, 6 (1), 35- 40.
[23] United States Environmental Protection Agency (2021). Public Participation Guide: Introduction to Public Participation.https://www.epa.gov/international-cooperation/public-participation-guide-introduction-public-participation
[24] Visser, P. S., Krosnick, J. A., Marquette, J., & Curtin, M. (2000). Improving election forecasting: Allocation of undecided respondents, identification of likely voters, and response order effects. In P. Lavrakas & M. Traugott (Eds.), Election polls, the news media, and democracy. New York, NY: Chatham House.
[25] World Health Organization (2017). A study on the public health and socioeconomic impact of substandard and falsified medical products. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/medicines/regulation/ssffc/publications/Layout-SEstudy-WEB.pdf
[26] WHO (2007). Good governance for medicines. Curbing corruption in medicines regulation and supply. www.who.int/medicines/policy/goodgovernance/home/en/index.html

Chinonye Faith Chinedu-Okeke (PhD), Nnanyelugo Okoro (Prof.), Ijeoma Obi (PhD), “Mobile Authentication Service (MAS) Scheme and Public Participation in Eradicating Fake Drugs in South-East Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.90-98 June 2021  DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5605

Download PDF

pdf

Identification Test of Ability to Understand Multiple Representation in Basic Chemistry I Course: Validity and Reliability
Syahrial Syahrial, Sri Winarni- June 2021 – Page No.: 99-104

The study objective was to determine the validity and reliability of the test items used to measure understanding of multiple representations. For this purpose, quantitative methods are applied. Participants were first-year students of the Chemistry Department, Education and Teacher Training Faculty, Syiah Kuala University, who took the Basic Chemistry course I (specifically solubility, redox, and hydrocarbons). The test was followed voluntarily. Before determining the validity and reliability of each test, the Multiple Representation Understanding Test (MRUT) was developed, which was conducted in five stages. MRUT contains 20 items, and its validity is determined using Pearson Product Moment (PPM). Valid test items are nine where rcount 0.3128-0.7145. The nine-item tests are reliable, and Cronbach alpha ranged from 0.701 to 0.769 (moderate-high).

Page(s): 99-104                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 08 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5606

 Syahrial Syahrial
Chemistry Education Department, Syiah Kuala University

 Sri Winarni
Chemistry Education Department, Syiah Kuala University

[1] Ackerman, T. A. (1991) ‘A Didactic Explanation of Item Bias, Item Impact, and Item Validity from a Multipledimensional Perspective,’ in Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association.
[2] Ainsworth, S. (1999) ‘The functions of multiple representations,’ Computers and Education, 33(2–3), pp. 131–152. DOI: 10.1016/s0360-1315(99)00029-9.
[3] Anil, D. et al. (2010) ‘Level determination exam (SBS-2008) the determination of the validity and reliability of 7th grade mathematics sub- test’, Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), pp. 5292–5298. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.863.
[4] Caleon, I. and Subramaniam, R. (2010) ‘Development and Application of a Three‐Tier Diagnostic Test to Assess Secondary Students’ Understanding of Waves,’ International Journal of Science Education. DOI: 10.1080/09500690902890130.
[5] Çalik, M. and Ayas, A. (2005) ‘An analogy activity for incorporating students’ conceptions of types of solutions,’ Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching, 6(2), pp. 1–13.
[6] Chandrasegaran, A. L., Treagust, D. F. and Mocerino, M. (2007) ‘The development of a two-tier multiple ply-choice diagnostic instruments for evaluating secondary school students’ ability to describe and explain chemical reactions using multiple levels of representation,’ Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 8(3), pp. 293–307. DOI: 10.1039/B7RP90006F.
[7] Chandrasegaran, A. L., Treagust, D. F. and Mocerino, M. (2008a) ‘An evaluation of a teaching intervention to promote students’ ability to use multiple levels of representation when describing and explaining chemical reactions,’ Research in Science Education, 38(2), pp. 237–248. DOI: 10.1007/s11165-007-9046-9.
[8] Chandrasegaran, A. L., Treagust, D. F. and Mocerino, M. (2008b) ‘An Evaluation of a Teaching Intervention to Promote Students’ Ability to Use Multipleple Levels of Representation When Describing and Explaining Chemical Reactions,’ Research in Science Education, 38(2), pp. 237–248. DOI: 10.1007/s11165-007-9046-9.
[9] Cheng, M. and Gilbert, J. K. (2009) ‘Towards a Better Utilization of Diagrams in Research into the Use of Representative Levels in Chemical Education,’ in Gilbert, J. K. and Treagus, D. (eds) Models and Modeling in Science Education Multipleple Representations in Chemical Education John. Amsterdam: Springer-Science, p. 369.
[10] Coll, R. K. (2008) ‘Chemistry Learners’ Preferred Mental Models for Chemical Bonding,’ Journal Of Turkish Science Education, 5(1), pp. 22
[11] Cooper, M. M., and Sandi-Urena, S. (2009) ‘Design and validation of an instrument to assess metacognitive skillfulness in chemistry problem solving, Journal of Chemical Education, 86(2), pp. 240–245. DOI: 10.1021/ed086p240.
[12] Devetak, I., Vogrinc, J. and Glažar, S. A. (2007) ‘Assessing 16-year-old students’ understanding of Aqueous solution at submicroscopic level’, Research in Science Education, 39(2), pp. 157–179. DOI: 10.1007/s11165-007-9077-2.
[13] Gabel, D. (1999) ‘Improving Teaching and Learning through Chemistry Education Research: A Look to the Future, Journal of Chemical Education, 76(4), p. 548. DOI: 10.1021/ed076p5
[14] Gabel, D. L. (1993) ‘Use of the particle nature of matter in developing conceptual understanding,’ Journal of Chemical Education, 70(3), pp. 193–194. DOI: 10.1021/ed070p193.
[15] Gentner, D. and Stevens, A. L. (1983) Mental Models. New Orleans: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. doi:10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004.
[16] Gilbert, J. K., & Treagust, D. F. (2009) ‘Introduction: Macro, Submicro and Symbolic Representations and the Relationship Between Them: Key Models in Chemical Education,’ in Gilbert, J. K., and Treagust, D. F. (eds) Multipleple Representations in Chemical Education. Dodrecht: Springer Science+Business Media B.V, p. 367. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004.
[17] Gottems, L. B. D. et al. (2018) ‘Good practices in normal childbirth: Reliability analysis of an instrument by cronbach’s alpha,’ Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 26. DOI: 10.1590/1518-8345.2234.3000.
[18] Haladyna, T. M. (2004) Developing and Validating Multipleple-Choice Test Items. Mahwah New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers. doi:10.1002/1521-3773(20010316)40:6<9823::AID-ANIE9823>3.3.CO;2-C.
[19] Haladyna, T. M. and Rodriguez, M. C. (2013) Developing and validating test items. New Orleans: Routledge. DOI: 10.4324/9780203850381.
[20] Hinton, M. E., and Nakhleh, M. B. (1999) ‘Students’ Microscopic, Macroscopic, and Symbolic Representations of Chemical Reactions,’ The Chemical Educator, 4(5), pp. 158–167. DOI: 10.1007/s00897990325a.
[21] Johnson-Laird, P. N. (1980) ‘Mental models in cognitive science,’ Cognitive Science, 4(1), pp. 71–115. DOI: 10.1016/S0364-0213(81)80005-5.
[22] Johnstone, A. H. (1991) ‘Why is science difficult to learn? Things are Seldom What They Seem’, Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 7, pp. 75–83.
[23] Jonsson, A. and Svingby, G. (2007) ‘The use of scoring rubrics: Reliability, validity and educational consequences,’ Educational Research Review, 2(2), pp. 130–144. DOI: 10.1016/j.edurev.2007.05.002.
[24] Kane, M. T. (1986) ‘The Role of Reliability in Criterion-Referenced Tests’, Journal of Educational Measurement, 23(3), pp. 221–224.
[25] Kara, F. and Çelikler, D. (2015) ‘Development of Achievement Test : Validity and Reliability Study for Achievement Test on Matter Changing,’ Journal of Education and Practice, 6(24), pp. 21–27.
[26] Kline, P. (1994) An Easy Guide to Factor Analysis, An Easy Guide to Factor Analysis. London: Routledge. DOI: 10.4324/9781315788135.
[27] Lee, C. Q. and She, H. C. (2010) ‘Facilitating students’ conceptual change and scientific reasoning involving the unit of combustion,’ Research in Science Education, 40(4), pp. 479–504. DOI: 10.1007/s11165-009-9130-4.
[28] Liliasari, S. (2018) ‘Modeling skill in chemistry education to win students on global competitiveness,’ in Rahmawati, Y. and Taylor, P. C. (eds) Empowering Science and Mathematics for Global Competitiveness. Leiden: CRC Press.
[29] Mcdermott, M. A., and Hand, B. (2013) ‘The impact of embedding multiple modes of representation within writing tasks on high school students’ chemistry understanding,’ Instructional Science, 41, pp. 217–246. DOI: 10.1007/s11251-012-9225-6.
[30] Mehrens, W. A. and Lehmann, I. J. (1991) Measurement and Evaluation In Education and Psychology. Wadsworth, Belmont: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
[31] Messick, S. (1989) ‘Meaning and Values in Test Validation : The Science and Ethics of Assessment,’ Educational Researcher, 18(5). DOI: 10.3102/0013189X018002005.
[32] Messick, S. (1995) ‘Standards of Validity and the Validity of Standards in Performance Assessment,’ Educational measurement: Issues and practice,
[33] Mohajan, H. K. (2017) ‘Two Criteria for Good Measurements in Research: Validity and Reliability, Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series, 17(4), pp. 59–82. DOI: 10.26458/1746.
[34] Mohamad, M. M. et al. (2015) ‘Measuring the Validity and Reliability of Research Instruments’, Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 204(November 2014), pp. 164–171. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.08.129.
[35] Murphy, K. R. and Davidshofer, C. O. (2005) Psychological Testing Prine I pies and Applications Principles of Psychological Measurement. New Jersey: Upper Sadler River.
[36] Nunnally, Jum C, and Bernstein, I. H. (1994) Psychometric Theory. New York: McGraw-Hili, Inc. DOI: 34567890 DOCmoC 998765 ISBN.
[37] Nunnally, Jum C., and Bernstein, I. H. (1994) Psychometric Theory. New York: McGraw Hill. Available at: https://books.google.com/books?id=_6R_f3G58JsC&pgis=1.
[38] Özmen, H. and Kenan, O. (2007) ‘Determination of the Turkish primary students’ views about the particulate nature of matter,’ Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching, 8(1), pp. 1–15.
[39] Pallant, J. (2011) SPSS Survival Manual website. New York: Open University Press.
[40] Peşman, H. and Eryilmaz, A. (2010) Development of a three-tier test to assess misconceptions about simple electric circuits, Journal of Educational Research, 103(3), pp. 208–222. DOI: 10.1080/00220670903383002.
[41] Rovinelli, R. J. and Hambleton, R. K. (1977) ‘On the Use of Content Specialists in the Assessment of Criterion-Referenced Test Item Validity,’ Dutch Journal of Educational Research, 2(49–60), pp. 49–60.
[42] Russell, J. W., and Kozma, R. B. (1997) ‘Use of Simultaneous-Synchronized Macroscopic , Microscopic , and Symbolic Representations To Enhance the Teaching and Learning of Chemical Concepts,’ Journal of Chemical Education, 74(3), pp. 330–334.
[43] Sadhu, S. and Laksono, E. W. (2018) ‘Development and validation of an integrated assessment for measuring critical thinking and chemical literacy in chemical equilibrium,’ International Journal of Instruction, 11(3), pp. 557–572. DOI: 10.12973/iji.2018.11338a.
[44] Sanger, M. J. (2005) ‘Evaluating students’ conceptual understanding of balanced equations and stoichiometric ratios using a particulate drawing,’ Journal of Chemical Education, 82(1), pp. 131–134. DOI: 10.1021/ed082p131.
[45] Setyawaty, R. et al. (2018) ‘Validity Test and Reliability of Indonesian Language Multipleple Choice in Final Term Examination,’ KnE Social Sciences, 3(9), p. 43. DOI: 10.18502/kss.v3i9.2609.
[46] Silberberg, M. S. (2009) Chemistry: the molecular nature of matter and change. Fifth, Chemistry. Fifth. New York: McGraw Hill.
[47] Sim, J. H., Gnanamalar, E., and Daniel, S. (2014) ‘Representational competence in chemistry : A comparison between students with different levels of understanding of basic chemical concepts and chemical representations A comparison between students with different,’ pp. 1–17. DOI: 10.1080/2331186X.2014.991180.
[48] Streiner, D. L. (2003) ‘Starting at the beginning: An introduction to coefficient alpha and internal consistency, Journal of Personality Assessment, 80(1), pp. 99–103
[49] Taber, K. S. (2018) ‘The Use of Cronbach’s Alpha When Developing and Reporting Research Instruments in Science Education, Research in Science Education, 48(6), pp. 1273–1296. DOI: 10.1007/s11165-016-9602-2.
[50] Tarrant, M. and Ware, J. (2010) ‘A comparison of the psychometric properties of three-and four-option multipleple-choice questions in nursing assessments,’ Nurse Education Today, 30(6), pp. 539–543.
[51] Tarrant, M. and Ware, J. (2012) ‘A Framework for Improving the Quality of Multipleple-Choice Assessments’, Nurse Educator, 37(3), pp. 98–104. DOI: 10.1097/NNE.0b013e31825041d0.
[52] Tavakol, M. and Dennick, R. (2011) ‘Making sense of Cronbach’s alpha,’ International journal of medical education, 2, pp. 53–55. DOI: 10.5116/ijme.4dfb.8dfd.
[53] Thatcher, R. W. (2010) ‘Validity and reliability of quantitative electroencephalography,’ Journal of Neurotherapy, 14(2), pp. 122–152. DOI: 10.1080/10874201003773500.
[54] Thiele, R. B., and Treagust, D. F. (1991) Using Analogies To Aid Understanding in Secondary Chemistry Education. Perth.
[55] Thorndike, R. M. and Thorndike-Christ, T. (2014) Measurement and Evaluation in Psychology and Education. Edinburgh: Pearson Education Limited. DOI: 10.2307/2282039.
[56] Tight, M. (2020) ‘Twenty-first century skills: meaning, usage and value,’ European Journal of Higher Education, 9. DOI: 10.1080/21568235.2020.1835517.
[57] Wang, Z. et al. (2014) ‘Chemistry Teachers’ Knowledge and Application of Models,’ J Sci Educ Technol, 23, pp. 211–226. DOI: 10.1007/s10956-013-9455-7.
[58] Wise, L. L., and Plake, B. S. (2016) ‘Test Design and Development Following the Standards for Educational and Psychological Te sting,’ in Suzanne Lane, Raymond, M. R., and Haladyna, T. M. (eds) Handbook of Test Development. New York: Routledge. DOI: 10.4324/9780203102961.
[59] Yandriani, Rery, R. U. and Erna, M. (2020) ‘Validity and Reliability of Assessment Instruments for Analytical Thinking Properties’Ability and Chemical Literacy in the Colligative, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1655(1). DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1655/1/012056.
[60] Yazar, O. G., and Nakiboğlu, C. (2019) ‘Development of Achievement Test about Unit of “Nature and Chemistry” for 9th Grades: A Validity and Reliability Study’, 13(1), pp. 76–104. DOI: 10.17522/balikesirnef.571399.
[61] Zapata-Caceres, M., Martin-Barroso, E. and Roman-Gonzalez, M. (2020) ‘Computational thinking test for beginners: Design and content validation,’ IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference, EDUCON, 2020-April, pp. 1905–1914. DOI: 10.1109/EDUCON45650.2020.9125368.
[62] Zumbo, B. D., Gadermann, A. M. and Zeisser, C. (2007) ‘Ordinal versions of coefficients alpha and theta for likert rating scales,’ Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods, 6(1), pp. 21–29. DOI: 10.22237/jmasm/1177992180.

Syahrial Syahrial, Sri Winarni ” Identification Test of Ability to Understand Multiple Representation in Basic Chemistry I Course: Validity and Reliability” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.99-104 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5606

Download PDF

pdf

Examining the Transformative Changes Introduced in Educational Assessment: Implications on sustainable development goals in Higher Education
Kudakwashe Manokore, G.N. Shava- June 2021 – Page No.: 105-112

The introduction of the Competence-based Curriculum (CBC) in Zimbabwe meant a shift on the general aims and objectives of the education system as stipulated in the Curriculum Framework for Primary Secondary Education, 2015-2022. The framework quotes post 2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and other international conventions as drivers of the educational reforms. Agenda 2030 comprises 17 SDGs. This study focused on sustainable SDG 4.7 and the transformation of education from an academic oriented curriculum to one that is skills-based. The transformation meant changes in the way students were assessed and consequently change in expectations by higher education from the prospective students. However, the administration of public examinations remains a critical measure of the teaching and learning that is taking place in the schools. Advanced level examinations administered by Zimbabwe School Examinations Council (ZIMSEC) are the prime measure of learner success as they act as the chief benchmark for grading, selection and placement of learners into various stations of their destiny. The study qualitatively examined Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education (MoPSE) ZIMSEC assessment framework documents and workshops held between (2017-2020) in which 3 977 stake holders participated. Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Innovation, Science and Technology Development (MHTEISTD) and MoPSE were in agreement with the ESD policies, desired outcomes and direction in which education in Zimbabwe should take. Both ministries introduced and adopted curriculum action plans for sustainable transformation of the education system and have made strides in this regard through Education 5.0 and CBC frameworks. However, MoPSE-ZIMSEC has not been able to fully implement CBC since its inception as a result A-level graduates are proceeding to higher education without some competencies and skills being assessed. There is need to propel coordinated approaches in transforming and implementing educational changes by both ministries to meet the targets for Agenda 2030. Higher education has to strategically position itself to receive the new student, so that efforts made at lower levels in preparing them for the future are not in vein at point of entry.

Page(s): 105-112                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 July 2021

 Kudakwashe Manokore
National University of Science and Technology, Zimbabwe

 G.N. Shava
National University of Science and Technology, Zimbabwe

[1] Begashaw. B (2020). Strategies to deliver on the Sustainable Development Goals in Africa. Brookings series. Foresight-Africa-2020. Wednesday, January 8, 2020 [online] available at
[2] https://www.brookings.edu/research/strategies-to-deliver-on-the-sustainable-development-goals-in-africa/ (Accessed June 2020)
[3] Berner, A, Lobo. S and Silva. N (2013). A Strategic and Transformative Approach to Education for Sustainable Development. School of Engineering Blekinge Institute of Technology Karlskrona. Sweden[online] available at
[4] https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:830314/fulltext01.pdf (Accessed June 2020)
[5] Chihota, E. (2021). Zimbabwe: Education 5.0 a Catalyst for Achieving Vision 2030. [online] available at http://www.mhtestd.gov.zw/?p=1(Accessed January 2021)
[6] Chivore, B.R.S. (2015). Report on Teacher Education Curruculum Review. October 2015 Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Innovation, Science and Technology Development
[7] Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. 4th edition, Thousand Oaks California: SAGE Publications, Inc.
[8] Jonathan, E. (2021). Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Science and Technology Development. Education 5.0 – towards problem-solving and value creation. [online] available at http://www.mhtestd.gov.zw/?p=3501 (Accessed January 2021)
[9] Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education (2015). Curriculum Framework for Primary and Secondary Education 2015-2022
[10] Mersmann, F. Olsen, K. H. Wehnert, T. Boodoo, Z. & Fenhann, J. V. (Ed.) (2014). From theory to practice: Understanding transformational change in NAMAs. UNEP DTU Partnership.
[11] Muzira, D.R, and Maupa, B.B (2020). Perception of Educators towards the Adoption of Education 5.0: A Case of a State University in Zimbabwe. East African Journal of Education and Social Sciences EAJESS. July-September 2020, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 43-53 ISSN: 2714-2132 (Online)
[12] Mogren, A (2019). Guiding Principles of Transformative Education for Sustainable Development in Local School Organisations Investigating Whole School Approaches through a School Improvement Lens. Karlstad University Studies. [online] available at
[13] https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:1368940/fulltext01.pdf (Accessed March 2021)
[14] MoPSE (2020). Assessment Framework Stakeholder Engagement Report
[15] 23 February 2020 – 07 March 2020
[16] MoPSE (2020). Assessment framework Primary and Secondary 2015-2022
[17] Ng S, Baker L, Friesen F. (2018) Teaching For Transformation. [online] available at
[18] www.teachingfortransformation.com (Accessed February 2021)
[19] One planet (2021). Education for Sustainable Development: Towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals – ESD for 2030. [online] available at
[20] https://www.oneplanetnetwork.org/initiative/education-sustainable-development-towards-achieving-sustainable-development-goals-esd (Accessed February 2021)
[21] SDG-Education 2030 Steering Committee Secretariat. Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4).The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Available online
[22] https://sdg4education2030.org/the-goal
[23] https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/education/ (Accessed February 2021)
[24] Shava, G.N (2020). Quality Education for Sustainable Development in Zimbabwean Higher Education Towards UNDP 2030 SDG. August 2020: Springer [online] available at
[25] (PDF) Quality Education for Sustainable Development in Zimbabwean Higher Education Towards UNDP 2030 SDG (researchgate.net) (Accessed March 2021)
[26] Sustainable Development Goals – Resources for educators. [online] available at
[27] https://en.unesco.org/themes/education/sdgs/material#:~:text=ESD%20empowers%20everyone%20to%20make,to%20address%20sustainable%20development%20challenges. (Accessed February 2021)
[28] Tikly. L. (2019). Education for sustainable development in Africa: a critique of regional agendas. Published: 18 May 2019. [online] available at
[29] https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12564-019-09600-5 (Accessed February 2021)
[30] Wellington, J and Szcerbinski, M. (2007). Research Methods for the Social Sciences, London: Continuum International Publishing Group.
[31] Rüfenacht. M. (2017) Education 5.0 — Why We Need to Adjust the Education System[online] available at
[32] https://mattiasuisse.medium.com/education-5-0-why-i-think-we-need-to-adjust-the-education-system-4a669b26396d (Accessed January 2021)
[33] Tagwira, F. (2018). Key Note Address by The Permanent Secretary for Higher and Tertiary Education, Science and Technology Development, To the 2018 Student Academic Freedom Regional Advocacy Meeting at Africa University in Mutare[online] available at
[34] https://safrap.files.wordpress.com/2018/12/2018-safram-key-note.pdf (Accessed February 2021)
[35] UNESCO (2019). Inclusion of ESD in school curricula and activities on course [online] available at https://en.unesco.org/news/inclusion-esd-school-curricula-and-activities-course-0 (Accessed February 2021)
[36] UN & Government of Zimbabwe (2018). Transitional Stabilisation Programme Reforms Agenda October 2018 – December 2020 “Towards A Prosperous & Empowered Upper Middle Income Society by 2030” 05 October 2018 Harare [online] available at
[37] https://zimbabwe.un.org/en/50093-zimbabwe-transitional-stabilisation-programme-2018-2020 (Accessed February 2021)
[38] Vanderstoeps, W. & Johnston, D. D. (2009). Research Methods For Everyday Life Blending Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Market Street, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass A Wiley Imprint 989
[39] Wals, A. E. J. and Kieft, G. (2010). Education for Sustainable Development Research Overview. Sida
[40] Zimbabwe Higher Education (2021) [online] available at
[41] https://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/1712/zimbabwe-higher-education.html (Accessed February 2021)
[42] ZIMSEC (2017) Assessment framework Primary and Secondary 2015-2022

Kudakwashe Manokore, G.N. Shava “Examining the Transformative Changes Introduced in Educational Assessment: Implications on sustainable development goals in Higher Education” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.105-112 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/105-112.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Nigeria’s Implementation of the Ecowas Protocol on Free Movement of Persons – Challenges and Responses

Amaka Jane Ekezie-Joseph- June 2021 Page No.: 113-120

In Africa, regional integration appeared to be a viable means to achieve socio-economic stability and facilitate the integration of the economies of newly independent African countries in the world global economy; with the Abuja treaty of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) now the African Union designating eight Regional Economic Communities (RECs) as the building blocks of the African Economic Community (AEC). In West Africa, economic decline and decay were the major catalysts for social change characterised by socio-economic and political turmoil enmeshed in increased poverty, chronic food shortages, expanded indebtedness, worsening balance of payments, and internecine wars (Anadi, 2005). Therefore, in search of new strategies for the attainment of all round sustainable development, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was established for economic revitalization across the West African region and has offered the only practical means for building more viable national economies (Onyia, 1995).

Page(s): 113-120                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 July 2021

 Amaka Jane Ekezie-Joseph
Pan African University, Nigeria

[1] Addawen, S. (2017). Challenges to Intra-Regional Migration and Economic Integration in West-Africa: A Focus on Nigeria and Ghana.
[2] Adepoju, A. (2005). Migration in West Africa. Lagos: International Migration for Human Resources Development Center.
[3] Anadi, S. K. (2005). Regional Integration in Africa: The Case of ECOWAS. Zurich Open Repository and Archive.
[4] Ayamga, V. (2014). An Assessment of Implementation of ECOWAS Protocol on Free Movement of Persons, Goods and Services at the Ghana-Burkina Faso Border.
[5] Brown, L. M. (1989). Nigeria and the ECOWAS Protocol on Free Movement. Journal of Modern African Studies; Vol 27, No 2, 251-273.
[6] ECOWAS. (1993). ECOWAS Revised Treaty. Abuja: ECOWAS Commission.
[7] ECOWAS. (2016). 2016 Annual Report: ECOWAS Common External Tariff(CET) – Achievements, Challenges, and Prospects.Abuja: ECOWAS Commission.
[8] ECOWAS. (2019). Brown Card ECOWAS Insurance. Retrieved from http://www.browncard.org/Objectifs.html
[9] Elumelu, A. (2015). An Assessment of the ECOWAS Protocol on Free Movement. In L. Hamalai, & M. Obadan, 40 Years of ECOWAS (1975-2015) (pp. 258-276). Abuja: National Institute for Legislative Studies.
[10] Esekumemu, V. C. (2014). The Economic Community of West African States: Challenges to the Implementation of the Protocol on Free Movement of Goods, Persons, and Establishment. Developing Country Studies; Vol 4, No 6.
[11] Golub, S., Mbaye, A. A., & Golubski, C. (2019, October Tuesday). The Effect of Nigeria’s Closed Borders on Informal Trade with Benin. Retrieved from Brookings: https://www.brookings.edu/blog/africa-in-focus/2019/10/29/the-effects-of-nigerias-closed-borders-on-informal-trade-with-benin/
[12] Lamptey, A. A. (2012). Rethinking Border Management Strategies in West Africa: Experiences from the Sahel. Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Center.
[13] Onuoha, F. (2013). Porous Borders and Boko Haram’s Arms Smuggling Operations in Nigeria. Al Jazeera Centre for Studies.
[14] Onyia, F. O. (1995). NIGERIA AND ECOWAS: A Study of the Obstacles to Nigeria’s Implementation of ECOWAS Protocols.
[15] Ranganathan, R., & Foster, V. (2011). ECOWAS’ Infrastructure – A Regional Perspective. World Bank.
[16] Sowale, A. O. (2018). Economic Community of West African States’ Protocol on Free Movement and the Challenges of Human Trafficking in West Africa. Insight on Africa 10, 215-225.
[17] Touzenis, K. (2012). Free Movement of Persons in the European Union and Economic Community of West African States – A Comparison of Law and Practice. Paris: UNESCO.
[18] Unah, L. (2019, December 2). Nigeria Border Closure Causes Economic Shock. Retrieved February 4, 2020, from African Business: https://africanbusinessmagazine.com/region/west-africa/nigeria-border-closure-causes-economic-shock/

Amaka Jane Ekezie-Joseph, “Nigeria’s Implementation of the Ecowas Protocol on Free Movement of Persons – Challenges and Responses” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.113-120 June 2021  https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/113-120.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Local Factors Affecting Fertility of Women in Sri Lanka

R.P.G. Amithani, D.S. Rodrigo and C.L. Jayasinghe – June 2021 Page No.: 121-129

Human fertility is a function of various factors that contribute to population dynamics. It may be defined as the actual reproductive performance of a woman. Fertility is a major public health concern because it affects economic productivity, growth of the population and other social facilities. This study aims to find the demographic, socio economic, cultural and health related factors that affect the fertility of reproductive aged women in Sri Lanka. The study was based on a Sri Lankan demographic and health survey (SLDHS) conducted in 2016. The sample consisted of 11, 201 ever married women within reproductive ages ranging from 15 to 49 years. Among the considered social, demographic, cultural and health-related factors, the statistical analysis which was conducted employing chi-square tests and logistic regression models revealed that, socio-demographic factors such as the woman’s residential district, ethnicity, wealth index, education level, occupation, and partner’s education level and working status were found to have a significant effect on odds of having at least the required fertility level for her age at 5% level of significance. The odds of having at least the required fertility level for her age of a woman belonging to the lowest quintile of wealth index was 48.1% more than that of a woman belonging to the highest quintile of wealth index. The results revealed by this study will be beneficial for relevant authorities when organizing awareness programs on fertility for ever married women in Sri Lanka.

Page(s): 121-129                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 July 2021

 R.P.G. Amithani
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka

 D.S. Rodrigo
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka

 C.L. Jayasinghe
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka

[1] Cortes, A., Hunt, N., & McHale, S. (2014). Development of the scale of perceived social support in HIV (PSS-HIV). AIDS and Behavior, 18(12), 2274-2284.
[2] Department of Census and Statistics. (2020). Health. Retrieved November 3 2020, from http://www.statistics.gov.lk/Health/StaticalInformation
[3] Highland, V. (2014). Analysis Of Several Factors Contributing To Increased Fertility Rates In India: Religion As Compared To Education And Wealth.
[4] Hosmer, D. W., Taber, S., & Lemeshow, S. (1991). The importance of assessing the fit of logistic regression models: a case study. American journal of public health, 81(12), 1630-1635.
[5] Hosmer Jr, D. W., Lemeshow, S., & Sturdivant, R. X. (2013). Applied logistic regression (Vol. 398): John Wiley & Sons.
[6] Kelly‐Weeder, S., & O’Connor, A. (2006). Modifiable risk factors for impaired fertility in women: what nurse practitioners need to know. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 18(6), 268-276.
[7] Koning, A., Kuchenbecker, W., Groen, H., Hoek, A., Land, J., Khan, K., & Mol, B. (2010). Economic consequences of overweight and obesity in infertility: a framework for evaluating the costs and outcomes of fertility care. Human reproduction update, 16(3), 246-254.
[8] Larsen, U., & Hollos, M. (2005). The importance of motherhood: a study of infertility in urban northern Tanzania.
[9] Muhoza, D. N., Broekhuis, A., & Hooimeijer, P. (2014). Variations in desired family size and excess fertility in East Africa. International journal of population research, 2014.
[10] Salam, A. A. (2013). Nuptiality and fertility in Saudi Arabia: An appraisal of census data. Middle East Fertility Society Journal, 18(3), 147-153.
[11] Sangeetha, M. (2014). A study to identify the risk factors associated with infertility among women attending Infertility Clinic at Sandhya Hospital, Vallalar, Vellore. Arun College of Nursing, Vellore.
[12] Sathya, A., Balasubramanyam, S., Gupta, S., & Verma, T. (2010). Effect of body mass index on in vitro fertilization outcomes in women. Journal of human reproductive sciences, 3(3), 135.
[13] Siddiqui, R. (1996). The impact of socio-economic factors on fertility behaviour: a cross-country analysis. The Pakistan Development Review, 107-128.
[14] Wijesekera, G., & Arunachalam, D. (2015). Explaining the fertility puzzle in Sri Lanka. Journal of biosocial science, 47(6), 845-852.
[15] Adhikari, R. (2010). Demographic, socio-economic, and cultural factors affecting fertility differentials in Nepal. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 10(1), 10-19.
[16] Dana, D. D. (2018). Binary Logistic Regression Analysis of Identifying Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Cultural Factors that Affect Fertility Among Women of Child bearing Age in Ethiopia. Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, 6(3), 65-73.
[17] Kumar, D. (2007). Prevalence of female infertility and its socio-economic factors in tribal communities of Central India.
[18] McFalls Jr, J. A. (1991). Population: A Lively Introduction. Population Bulletin, 46(2).
[19] Muvunyi, C. M., Dhont, N., Verhelst, R.,Crucitti, T., Reijans, M., Mulders, B., et al. (2011). Evaluation of a new multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay STDFinder for the simultaneous detection of 7 sexually transmitted disease pathogens. Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease, 71(1), 29-37.
[20] Rhodwell, C. (2016). DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH INFERTILITY AMONG MARRIED WOMEN IN ZAMBIA. The University of Zambia.
[21] United Nations. (2015) World Fertility Patterns 2015.
[22] World Health Organization. (2020). Sexual and reproductive health. Retrieved January 10, 2020, from https://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/infertility/definitions/en/

R.P.G. Amithani, D.S. Rodrigo and C.L. Jayasinghe “Local Factors Affecting Fertility of Women in Sri Lanka” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.121-129 June 2021  URL : https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/121-129.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Knowledge, attitude and practices among nurses on performance appraisal system at two district hospitals in Mashonaland Central Province in Zimbabwe

Tapfuiwa J Katsinde, Emily Tsododo & Constance S Katsinde – June 2021 Page No.: 130-134

The study investigated the knowledge, attitudes and practices among nurses on performance appraisal system at two district hospitals in Zimbabwe. A survey design was used. A questionnaire and interview guide were used to collect data. The sample was chosen using the non-probability method of convenience. Data was presented on tables and analyzed using descriptive statistics and themes. The findings showed that some nurses were trained in performance appraisals whilst others were not. Most nurses indicated that they were not adequately trained on the appraisal system. The majority understood the purpose and objectives of the system but they did not have adequate knowledge. The nurses viewed the system as necessary and commented that it has improved their work. However, the process of writing was viewed as stressful and time consuming. Although the system was being practiced in hospitals, most indicated that it was difficult to implement because of pressure of work, lack of knowledge and the paper work involved. The nurses complained that the system has not been followed by an increase in their remuneration. The study recommends the need for a continuous training of nurses on appraisal system. To be viable nurses who do well according to the system should be rewarded appropriately so that they are motivated to work hard. Research on how the system affects relations in hospitals is recommended.

Page(s): 130-134                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 July 2021

  Tapfuiwa J Katsinde
Bindura University of Science Education

  Emily Tsododo
Zimbabwe Open university

  Constance S Katsinde
Bindura University of Science Education

[1] Bandason, B. (2002) Analysis of the Effectiveness of the New Performance Appraisal System in Improving the Performance of Teachers in Centenary District Primary Schools (Unpublished).
[2] Best, J.W. and Khan, J.V. (1993) Research in Education. Boston. London
[3] Borg, W.R. and Gall, M.D (1989) Education Research. Longman, London.
[4] Booyens, S.W. (1998) Dimension of Nursing Management. Gredapress, Cape Town
[5] Daft, L.R. (1997) Management. Drydon Press, Philadelphia.
[6] Dulewics, R. (1989) Appraising Performance for Results. Irwin Time Mirror Higher Education Group.
[7] Elicker, J.D., Levy, P.E. & Hall, R.J. (2006) The role of leader-member exchange in the performance of appraisal process. Journal of Management, Vol 32, No. 4, 531-551.
[8] Gabrail, V. (2003) Management. Longman. Singapore.
[9] Jones, R.G George, J.M. And Hill, C.W.L. (1998) Contemporary Management Mcgraw-Hill, New York.
[10] Kreitner, R (1995) Management. Houghton Mifflin Company. Boston
[11] Lawries, D (1990) Appraising your Staff. Journal of Management Studies, 25
[12] Montebello, A.R. (1999) Best Practices in Performance Management. Longman, London.
[13] Mullins, J. L. (1999) Management and Organisational Behaviour. Attman Publishing. London
[14] Ochoti, G. N., Maronga, E.M., Muathe, S. & Nyabwanga, R. N. (2012) Factors influencing employee performance appraisal system: A case of the Ministry of State for Provincial Administration and Internal Security, Kenya. International Journal of Business and Social Science, Vol 3, No. 20, 37-46, Special Issue, October
[15] Polit, D. And Hungler, B.P. (1989) Essential of Nursing Research Methods: Appraisals and Utilisation. J.B. Lippincott Company, Phiadelphia.
[16] The Public Service Commission Review (1995) Ministry of Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare Statement on Job Evaluation Exercise. Harare.
[17] Stoner, J.A., Freeman, R.E. and Gilbert, D.R. (1995) Management. Prentice, London.

Tapfuiwa J Katsinde, Emily Tsododo & Constance S Katsinde, “Knowledge, attitude and practices among nurses on performance appraisal system at two district hospitals in Mashonaland Central Province in Zimbabwe” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.130-134 June 2021  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/130-134.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

United States-Venezuela Relations and Economic Development From 2017-2020
Dr. Tamunopubo Big-Alabo & Nnenna Sylvia Okafor- June 2021 – Page No.: 135-145

The study examined United States-Venezuela relations and economic development 2017-2020. The theory that was used for the study was the hegemonic theory by Antonio Gramsci. The ex- post facto research design was used for the study. Accordingly, data was sourced through secondary sources like, textbooks, newspaper, journal articles, textbooks, and internet. Qualitatively analyses were used to analyse the data, although figures and tables were presented where required. Evidences drawn from these sources were prudently examined in order to establish a reasonable trend from which inferences were drawn. The study found that Venezuela has promoted new regional cooperation arrangements that deliberately excluded US and that through the executive orders that was issued by Donald Trump the government of Venezuelan has been prohibited from accessing US financial markets. The study suggested among others that US should stop sanctioning Venezuela as these have affected the economic development of Venezuela and United States must not intervene in the activities of Venezuela as this has divided the country which is not healthy for the development of any nation.

Page(s): 135-145                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 July 2021

 Dr. Tamunopubo Big-Alabo
Department of Political and Administrative Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

 Nnenna Sylvia Okafor
Department of Political and Administrative Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

[1] Anatoly, K. (2019). Venezuela’s collapse is the worst outside of war in decades, economists say. The New York Times.
[2] Armas, M. & Pons, C. (2019). Venezuela orders banks to sell dollars from fuel sales to forex market. Retrieved 20 March 2021 from https://www.reuters.com/article/venezuela-economy-gasoline.
[3] Barrett, M. (1997). Ideology, politics, hegemony: From Gramsci to Laclau and Mouffe, Mapping Concept. Ed. Slavoj ZIZEK Verso, London.
[4] Benzaquen, M. (2017). How food in Venezuela went from subsidized too scarce. The New York Times.
[5] Castro, M. et al. (2019). United States recognizes Venezuelan opposition leader as interim president. The Wall Street Journal.
[6] Charner, F. et al. (2018). Opposition condemned Venezuelan leader Nicolas Maduro’s election win as a deception. Cable News Network.
[7] Corrales, J.& Romero, C. A. (2006). US-Venezuela relations since the 1990s. Caracas: Ediciones.
[8] Corrales, J & Romero, C. A. (1990). US -Venezuelan relations after Hugo Chávez: Why normalization has been impossible. Retrieved 20 March 2021 from http://fride.org/descarga/PB_157_Venezuela.pdf
[9] Cowen, T. (2011). The great stagnation: How America ate all the low-hanging fruit of modern history, got sick, and will eventually feel better. A Penguin Special Dutton.
[10] Cox, R. (1981). Social forces, states and world orders: Beyond international relations theory. Millennium Journal of International Studies.
[11] Escobari, M. (2019). Made by Maduro: The humanitarian crunch time in Venezuela and US strategic responses. Retrieved 20 June 2020 from http www.brookings.edu/testimonies/made-by-maduro-the-humanitarian-crisis-in-venezuela-and-us-policy-responses/.
[12] Farrer, M. et al. (2019). Venezuela crisis: Maduro claims coup has been defeated as it happened. The Guardian News.
[13] Feldman, M. P. & Francis, J. (2003). Fortune favors the prepared region: The case of entrepreneurship and the capitol region biotechnology cluster. European Planning Studies, 11, 765-788.
[14] Keohane R. O. (1991). The United States and the post war order: Kingdom or hegemony? International Serenity Study Institute, Paper of Peace Research.
[15] Marrianna, P. (2019) Venezuela’s oil export sink to 17-year low, choked by US sanction. Retrieved 20 March 2021 from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-venezuela-oil-exports-idUSKBN2392SG
[16] Massey, D. S. (1988). Economic improvement and global immigration in relative viewpoint. The Populace and Growth Appraisal. 383-413.
[17] Nye, J. S. (2002). The paradox of American power: Why the world’s only superpower can’t go it alone. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
[18] Pons, C. & Mayela, R. (2019). Corrected -RPT- insight, how Venezuela turns its useless bank notes into gold. Retrieved 20 March 2021 from https://www.reuters.com/article/venezuela-gold-idUSL1N20506E
[19] Pons, C. (2020). Venezuela companies, awash with cash, find way to move money abroad. Retrieved 20 March 2021 from https://www.reuters.com/journalists/corina-pons
[20] Rampton, R. & Hollands, S. (2018). Trump increases pressure on Venezuela with sanctions on gold. Retrieved 20 March 2021 from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-venezuela-bolton-idUSKCN1N65P6
[21] Rosen, S. (1981). The economics of superstars. The American Economic Review. 71, 845- 858.
[22] Snidal, D. (1986). The limits of hegemonic steadiness assumption. MIT Press, Global Group, Collaboration and Divergence.
[23] Snidal, D. (1986). The limits of hegemonic steadiness assumption. MIT Press, Global Group, Collaboration and Divergence.
[24] Strange, S. (1989). Toward a theory of transnational empire. Lexington Books.
[25] Volgy, T. J., Kanthak, K., Fraizer, D. & Ingersoll, R. S. (2005). Resistance to hegemony within the core. Center for International Security Studies, University of Pittsburgh.
[26] Wright, R. (2004). U.S. and manhood: Leadership is about respect, not just fear. New York Times.

Dr. Tamunopubo Big-Alabo & Nnenna Sylvia Okafor “United States-Venezuela Relations and Economic Development From 2017-2020” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.135-145 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/135-145.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4 on Quality in Education, Current Issues in Zimbabwe Higher Education, Educating for the future
G.N. Shava, T. Chasara, O. S. Hahlani- June 2021 – Page No.: 146-154

This article discusses current issues of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) specifically focusing on Sustainable Development Goal (SDG4) on quality in education. The SDGs form part of the United Nations (UN) 2030 Agenda for sustainable development which was unanimously adopted in 2015 by all UN member states as a plan of action for sustainable development. Special focus of the article is on Sustainable Development Goal 4, which is oriented towards the achievement of educational quality within a lifelong framework. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals propose that ESD has the potential to increase knowledge and strategies to meet Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and the needs of society which is the specific focus of SDG4 which strives on quality education. This article critically assesses how Zimbabwe higher education works towards achieving SDG4 which seeks to ensure quality education. In this article I argue that, ESD empowers learners to take informed decisions and responsible actions for environmental integrity, economic viability for present and future generations. Quality, sustainable and development education supports knowledge driven economic growth strategies and poverty eradication by generating new knowledge, building the capacity to assess existing stores of global knowledge and adapt that knowledge to local use. In this article we explore the achievement of SDG4 mapping insights from structure and agency approaches and theoretical view point. The article demonstrates that critical realist theory of structure and agency perspectives can contribute towards enabling and constraining the achievement of ESD. The theoretical view point contributes towards the understanding and achievement of transformation towards sustainability and can help to ensure a deeper understanding of current issues, relating to ESD and specifically on quality higher education.

Page(s): 146-154                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 July 2021

 G.N. Shava
National University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology Education, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

 T. Chasara
National University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology Education, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

 O. S. Hahlani
National University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology Education, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

[1] Archer, M.S. (1995). Realist Theory: the Morphogemetic Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[2] Archer, M.S. (1996). Culture and Agency: The place of culture in Social Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[3] Archer, M.S. (2003). Structure, Agency and the Internal Conversation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[4] Bhasker, R. (1978). The possibility of Naturalism.2nd ed. Sussex.HernelMermpstead; New York. The Harvester Press The Harvester Press, Routledge.
[5] Bhasker, R. (1979). The possibility of Naturalism 1st ed. Sussex.Hermel Hempstead: New York. The Harvester Press; The Harvester Press: Routledge.
[6] Bhasker, R. (2011). Reclaiming Reality: A Critical Introduction to Contemporary PhilosphyOxon: Routledge.
[7] Bhasker, R.(2010). Contexts of Interdisciplinary: Interdisciplinarity and Climate Change. In Interdisciplinarity and climate change: Transforming knowledge and practice for our Global future. Edited by Roy Bhasker, Cheryl Frank, Karl G. Hoyer, PelterNaes, and Parker Janneth, 1-23 Abigdon Oxen.
[8] Boereen, E (2019). Understanding Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4 on quality education for Micro, Meso and Macro perspective International Review of Education 2019(65) 277-294.
[9] Boereen, E. (2016). Lifelong learning participation in a changing policy context.An Interdisciplinary theory. London: Palgrave MacMillan.
[10] Bourdien, P. (1984). Distinction.A social critique of the judgment of taste.London Routledge.
[11] Gabay, C. (2015) Special forum on the millennium development goals: Introduction. Globalisations, 12(4) 576-580.
[12] Giddens, A. (1984). The Construction of society: Outline of the theory of Structuration. Cambridge. Blackwell policy Press.
http://unesdoc.unesco.org/uhs/cgi-bin/ulis.plca catno-191442 & set = 4D 934944 -3-1 & gp=&lin=1 & 11=CAgenda/education-for-sustainable development.
[13] Kelly, C. &Dikkers, S. (2016). Framing Feedback for School Improvement Around Distributal Leadership. Educational Administration Quarterly, Vol 52 No 3 pp. 392-422.
[14] Madzielana, N P O Maposa, C.(2013). The Influence of Context in the South African Higher Education System: A Social Realist Critique. Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology.4 (3).175-181.
[15] Mohanty, A & Dash D. (2018) Education for Sustainable Development. A conceptual model of sustainable education for India.International Journal of Development and Sustainabilty.Vol 7(9) 2242 – 2255.
[16] Palmer, E. (2015). Introduction.The Sustainable development goal forum Journal of Global Ethics, 11 (1) 3-9.
[17] Shava.G. and Haystek J. (2018). Agency and Structure: Principals` Ability to Bring about Sustainable Improvement in under performing schools in South Africa. Africa Education Rewiewhttp://doi.org10.1080/18146627.2017.
[18] Tilbiry, D. (20111) Education for Sustainable Development: An expert Review of processes and learning. Paris. From http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/themes/leadingikenternational
[19] UN (2015) Transforming our world: The 2030 agenda for sustainable development. New York, UN From htt://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/2125203%20 Agenda for sustainable20 development 2020 Development,,, web pdf.
[20] UN (United Nations) (2000).United Nations Millennium declaration.A/RES/55/2. New York: United Nations. From http://www.un.documents.nee/a 55r2.htm
[21] UNESCO (2009a) Learning for a sustainable world: Review of Contexts structures for Education for Sustainable Development, Paris, UNESCO. From: http://www.Unesco.org/education/justpublished-desD 2009.pdf.
[22] UNESCO (2014) Education for Sustainable Development.fromhttp://www.unesco.de/site/default/files 2018/unesco-education for sustainable development-goal pdf.
[23] UNESCO (2017a) Education for Sustainable Development Goals: Learning objectives. Paris.UNESCO. From http://www.unesco.de/site/default/files 2018/unesco-education for sustainable development-goal pdf.
[24] Van Den Branden, K. (2015) Sustainable education: exploiting students` energy for learning as a renewable resource. Sustainability,Vol (7) 5471-5487.
[25] WEF (World Education Forum) (2016) Incheon declaration and Framework for action for the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 4.Towards inclusive and equitable quality education and lifelong learning opportunities for all.Education 2030 Paris UNESCO.From http://unesco do. Unesco.org/images 10024/00240056/24556epdf

G.N. Shava, T. Chasara, O. S. Hahlani “United States-Venezuela Relations and Economic Development From 2017-2020” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.146-154 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/146-154.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

The use of experiential learning in effective provision of skills to secondary school learners in Zimbabwe
Moyo Lincolyn, Mukomana Saziso- June 2021 – Page No.: 155-159

Practical oriented education was not foreign to indigenous education systems. Precolonial education ideology focused on promoting productivity and practicality. Given current challenges, contemporary education systems can deduct from fertile African cultural heritage to mitigate educational shortfalls promoting unproductivity and unemployment. Contemporary Zimbabwe education, if not most of Africa, from primary to Tertiary level lacks emphasis of practical skills. Yet one can argue that, practical subjects/skills are the foundational cornerstone of sustainable productivity and socioeconomic development. Many curricular obstacles hinder promotion and teaching of diverse practical subjects. At the top of several hindrances is lack of supportive infrastructure for effective practical subjects teaching; and lack of practical subjects teachers given absence of a pro-practicals teacher college education in Zimbabwe. Most persistent hindrance is the history driven ideology associated with practical subjects. The purpose of this qualitative study through analysis of published literature was to determine the cause of above-mentioned hindrances. This study discovered a limited inclination towards practical subjects by the current Zimbabwe education system and related practical subject’s pedagogy. Therefore, one can conclude logically that, limited teaching of practical subjects in most schooling levels highly affects productivity of active citizens contributing towards national sustainable growth. Hence, there is a need for practical subjects’ access diversification at all schooling levels and train relevant teachers towards that end.

Page(s): 155-159                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 July 2021

 Moyo Lincolyn
Lecturer, United College of Education, Department of Theory of Education

 Mukomana Saziso
Lecturer, Zimbabwe Open University, Department of Teacher Education

[1] Abrahams, I. (2011). Practical work in school science: Minds-on approach. London: Continuum.
[2] Adeyeni, M. B., & Adeyinka, A. A. (2002). Some key issues in African traditional education. McGill Journal of Education Spring.
[3] Adler, P. J. (1996). World civilisations. St. Paul: West Publishing Company.
[4] Alexander, K. (1997). Education and the public good. Social Forces, 76(1), 1-30.
[5] Anderson, R. C., & Armbruster, B. (1990). Some maxims for learning and instruction. Teachers College Record, 91(3), 396-408.
[6] Appiah, K. A. (1997). The arts of Africa. The New York Review of Books, 44(7).
[7] Asante, M., & Asante, K. (Eds.). (1990). African culture: Rhythms of unity. Trenton: Africa World Press.
[8] Aspy, D. N., Aspy, C, B., & Quimby, P. M. (1993). What doctors can teach teachers about problem-based learning. Educational Leadership, 50(7), 22-24.
[9] Astin, A. W. (1993). What matters in college? Four critical ears revisited. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.
[10] Atuahene, A., & Ansah, F. A. (2013). A descriptive assessment of higher education access, participation, equity and disparity in Ghana. SAGE Open, 2013, 3-31.
[11] Baker, D., & LeTendre, G. (2005). National differences, global similarities world culture and the future of schooling. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
[12] Beatty, J., & Woolnough, B. E. (1982). Why do practical work in 11-13 science? The School Science Review, 768-770.
[13] Betts, J. R. (1995). Does school quality matter? Evidence from the national longitudinal survey of youth. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 77(2): 231-50.
[14] Bierman, K. L., Torres, M. M., & Schofield, H. L. T. (2010). Developmental factors related to the assessment of social skills. New York: Springer Science, Business Media.
[15] Boateng, F. (1990). African traditional education: A tool for intergenerational communication. In M, Asante & k, Asante (Eds.). African culture: Rhythms of unity. Trenton: Africa World Press.
[16] Brown, P., & Hesketh, A. (2004). The mismanagement of talent: Employability and jobs in the knowledge economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[17] Busse, R. (1992). The new basics: Today’s employers want the three Rs and so much more. Vocational Education Journal, 67(5), 24-47.
[18] Coplin, W. (2003). 10 things employers want you to learn in college. Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press.
[19] Dee, T. S. (2004). Are there civil returns to education? Journal of Public Economics, 88, 1697-1720.
[20] Desjardins, R. (2008). Researching the links between education and well-being. European Journal of Education, 43(1), 23-35.
[21] Dewey, J. (1902). The child and the curriculum. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
[22] Dewey, J. (1916). Democracy and education. New York: MacMillan.
[23] Dewey, J. (1938). Experience and education. New York: MacMillan.
[24] Fajana, A. (1986). Traditional methods of education in Africa: The Yoruba example. In J. Okpaku., A, Opubor, & B. Oloruntimehin (Eds.). The arts and civilisation of black and African peoples. Lagos, Nigeria: Centre for Black and African Arts and Civilisation.
[25] Frank, C., & Nason, E. (2009). Health research measuring the social health and economic benefits. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 180(5), 528-34.
[26] Gordon, L. R. (2008). An introduction to Africana philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[27] Grossman, M. (2006). Education and non-market outcomes. Elsevier: Maryland Heights.
[28] Grossman, M., & Kaestner, R. (1997). Effects of education on health. In J. R. Behrman & N. Stacey (Eds.). The social benefits of education. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.
[29] Gunstone, R. F. (1991). Reconstructing theory from practical experience. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
[30] Harris, J. A., & Katz, L. G. (2001). Young investigators: The project approach in the early years. New York: Teachers College Press.
[31] Hodson, D. (1990). A critical look at practical work in school science. School Science Review, 71(256), 33-040.
[32] Hu, S., & McMahon, W. W. (2010). Higher learning greater good: The private and social benefits of higher education. Higher Education, 60(1), 123-25.
[33] Hugg, R., & Wurdinger, S. (2007). A practical and progressive pedagogy for project based service learning. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 19(2), 191-204. Retrieved from http://www.isel.org|ijlhel
[34] Husen, T., & Tuijnman, A. (1991). The contribution of formal schooling o he increase in intellectual capital. Educational Researcher, 20(7), 17-25.
[35] Johnstone, A. H. (1982). The demands of practical work. Education in Chemistry, 19(3), 71-73.
[36] Katz, L., & Chard, S. (1989). Engaging children’s minds: The project Approach. Norwood: Aldex.
[37] Keller, D. (2004). Applied learning: Adapted from engaging the world. The Powerful Strategies of Applied Learning. Retrieved from http://www.newhorizonsorg|strategies|applied_learning|keller|htm
[38] Kingston, P et al., (2003). Why education matters. Sociology of Education, 76(1), 53-70.
[39] Lazarowitz, R., & Tamir, P. (1994). Research on using laboratory instruction in science. New York: McMillar.
[40] Levine, A., & Cureton, J. S. (1998). When hope and fear collide: A portrait of today’s college student. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
[41] Lochner, L., & Moretti, E. (2004). The effects of education on crime: Evidence from prison inmates, arrests and self-reports. American Economic Review, 94(1), 155-89.
[42] Lucius, T. O. (1996). On race and philosophy. New York: Routledge.
[43] MacMahon, W. (2000). Education and development: Measuring the social benefits. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[44] Martinez, M. E. (2000). Education as the cultivation of intelligence. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
[45] Mayer, R. E. (2000). Intelligence and education. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.). Intelligence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[46] Mohamedbhai, G. (2001). Higher education in Africa facing he challenges in the 21st century. Retrieved from http://www.dx.oloi.org/10.6017|ihei.2011.638534
[47] National Action Plan of Zimbabwe Education Report. (2015). Harare: Government Press.
[48] Nsamenang, A. B., & Tchombe, T. M. S. (Eds.). (2011). Handbook of African educational theories and practice: A generative teacher education curriculum. Bamenda: Presses Universitaires d’Afrique.
[49] Nyerere, J. (1973). Ujamma: Essays on socialism. London: Oxford University Press.
[50] Ocit, J. P. (1994). An introduction to indigenous education in East Africa. Makerere University Press.
[51] Parkinson, J. (1994). Practical work: The effective teaching of secondary science. London: Longman.
[52] Riddell, W. C. (2004). The social benefits of education: New evidence on an old question, in taking public universities seriously. Toronto: University of Toronto.
[53] Rindermann, H. (2008). Relevance of education and intelligence at the national level for the economic welfare of people. Intelligence, 36(2), 127-42.
[54] Sax, L. J., Keup, J. R., Gilmartin, S. K., Stolzenberg, E. B., & Harper, C. (2002). Findings from the 2000 administration of our first college year: National aggregates. Los Angeles: University of California.
[55] Schroeder, C. C. (1993). New student-new learning styles. Change, 25(4), 21-26.
[56] Seepe, S. (2001, October 21). Indigenous knowledge systems can benefit everyone. Mail and Guardian, p. 7.
[57] Sternberg, R. J. (2008). Increasing fluid intelligence is possible after all. Proceedings of National Academy of Science, 105(19), 6791-6792.
[58] United Nations. (2011). Education challenges in Africa. New York: UN Department of Economics and Social Affairs.
[59] Watson, J. R. (2000). The role of practical work. London: Open University Press.
[60] Wiredu, K. (Ed.). (2004). A companion of African philosophy. Malden: Blackwell.
[61] World Bank. (1990). Zimbabwe: A review of primary and secondary education. Harare: Population and Human Resources Division World Bank Vol 1 and 11.
[62] Wurdinger, S. D. (1997). Philosophical issues in adventure education. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt.

Moyo Lincolyn, Mukomana Saziso “The use of experiential learning in effective provision of skills to secondary school learners in Zimbabwe” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.155-159 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/155-159.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

A Sustainable Zimbabwe University – Industry Collaboration Framework

Stanley Murairwa- June 2021 Page No.: 160-168

The collaboration between a knowledge hub and a product incubator is increasingly perceived as a vehicle to enhance innovation and business incubation through knowledge and technology exchange. This is evidenced by a significant increase in researches that investigate the collaboration phenomenon from different perspectives. However, the body of knowledge is still fragmented and lacking an efficient comprehensive view that can widely be considered as the engine of economic growth. A sample of volunteered (Murairwa, 2015) 12 knowledge hubs and 60 product incubators was selected. The research employed systematic procedures to review the literature and analyse researchers’ perspectives on the collaboration between industry and universities. The research designed a questionnaire with closed and a few open-ended questions and collected data from volunteering knowledge hubs and incubators. The data was analysed in Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS). The research discovered key aspects underpinning the collaboration theory. These aspects were integrated into an overarching pragmatic knowledge hub and product incubator collaboration (PKHPIC) framework that can provide a substantial contribution to the understanding of the university – industry collaboration and literature in the research area.

Page(s): 160-168                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5607

 Stanley Murairwa
Africa University, Mutare, Zimbabwe

[1] Abuja, M., Carapina, T., de Kort, M., Raess, M., Tieken, C., & Wagstaff, N. (2019). CORBEL Industry collaboration best practice guide. Zenodo. doi:10.5281/zenodo.2615365.svg
[2] Ali, A. (2003). Engaging economic development through the commercialisation of research: the Malaysian experience. General Conference of the Association of Commonwealth Universities. Belfast, Northern Ireland.
[3] Andrade, R., Fernandes, G., & Tereso, A. (2016). Benefits Management in University-Industry R&D Collaborative Projects: A Review on Benefits and Success Factors. Procedia Computer Science, 100, 921 – 927.
[4] Ankrah, S., & AL-Tabbaa, O. (2015). Universities – industry collaboration: A systematic review. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 31, 387 – 408.
[5] Awasthy, R., Flint, S., Sankarnarayana, R., & Jones, L. R. (2020). A framework to improve university–industry collaboration. Journal of Industry-University Collaboration, 2(1), 49-62. doi:10.1108/JIUC-09-2019-0016
[6] Barringer, B., & Harrison, J. (2000). Walking a tightrope: Creating value through inter-organizational relationships. Journal of Management, 26, 367 – 403.
[7] Birchall, D. W., & Shanaron, J. J. (2006). Business School-Industry Cooperation: Lessons from Case Studies. The XVII ISPIM Conference. Athens: Networks for Innovation.
[8] Bruneel, J., D’esteb, P., & Salter, A. (2010). Investigating the factors that diminish the barriers to university—industry collaboration. Research Policy, 39, 858 – 868.
[9] Chideme, K. (2019, April 4). Capacity Utilisation seen falling to 30%. Newsday. Retrieved January 9, 2020, from https://www.newsday.co.zw/2019/
[10] DSDL. (2019). Forms and Features of Collaboration: A synthesis for the Collaboration for Wellbeing and Health. United Kingdom: The Health Foundation. Retrieved June 8, 2021, from http://wordpress.collaboratei.com/wp-content/uploads/Forms-and-features-of-collaborations.pdf
[11] Enkel, E., Gaddmann, O., & Cesbrough, W. H. (2009). Open R&D and Open Innovation: Exploring the Phenomenon. R&D Management, 39(4), 311 – 316. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9310.2009.00570.x
[12] Freitas, I. M., Marques, R. A., & Silva, E. M. (2013). University-industry collaboration and innovation in emergent and mature industries in new industrialized countries. Research Policy, 42, 443 – 453.
[13] Fynn, A. (2020, August 4). How to narrow the gap between what universities produce and what employers expect. The Conversation. Retrieved June 7, 2021, from https://theconversation.com/how-to-narrow-the-gap-between-what-universities-produce-and-what-employers-expect-126060
[14] Gann, D., Montresor, F., & Eisenberg, J. (2018). 3 ways to nurture collaboration between universities and indutry. World Economic Forum. Retrieved June 1, 2020, from https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/11/3-ways-to-nurture-collaboration-between-universities-and-industry/
[15] Ivascu, L., Cirjaliu, B., & Draghici, A. (2016). Business model for the university-industry collaboration in open innovation. 3rd Global Conference on Business, Economics, Management and Tourism. Rome: Elsevier, Procedia Econom.
[16] Kaklauskas, A., Banaitis, A., Ferreira, F. A., Ferreira, J. J., Amaratunga, D., Lepkova, N., . . . Banaitiene, N. (2018). An Evaluation System for University–Industry Partnership Sustainability: Enhancing Options for Entrepreneurial Universities. Sustanability, 10(119), 1 – 17. doi:10.3390/su10010119
[17] König, S. L., & Ribarić, M. S. (2019). Is There a Mismatch Between Employers’ and University Teachers’ Perceptions on Graduate Employability in Croatia? Journal of Contemporary Management Issues, 87 – 102. doi:10.30924/mjcmi.24.1.6
[18] Laroui, F. (2020, November 11). Definition and Types of collaboration in business. Retrieved from eXo: https://www.exoplatform.com/blog/2020/11/11/definition-and-types-of-collaboration-in-business/#types-of-collaboration
[19] Lee, Y. S. (2000). The Sustainability of University-Industry Research Collaboration: An Empirical Assessment. Journal of Technology Transfer, 25, 111 – 133.
[20] Liew, M. S., Tengku Shahdan, T. N., & Lim, E. S. (2012). Strategic and Tactical Approaches on University – Industry Collaboration. Social and Behavioral Sciences, 56, 405 – 409.
[21] Malairaja, C., & Zawdie, G. (2008). Science parks and university–industry collaboration in Malaysia . Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 20(6), 727-739. doi:DOI: 10.1080/09537320802426432
[22] Marr, A. (2017). Reality Check: Are 90% of Zimbabweans unemployed? BBC Reality Check. Retrieved October 12, 2019, from http://bbc-news.epizy.com/2017/12/03/reality-check-are-90-of-zimbabweans-unemployed/?i=1
[23] Mascarenhas, C., Ferreira, J. J., & Marques, C. (2018). University–industry cooperation: A systematic literature review and research. Science and Public Policy, 1 – 11. doi:10.1093/scipol/scy003/4829714
[24] McNabb, E. D., & Swenson, R. C. (2021). Collaboration in Government: Forms and Practices (1st ed.). Routledge.
[25] Morisson, A., & Pattinson, M. (2020). University-Industry Collaboration. Lille: Interreg Europe Policy Learning Platform.
[26] Moyo, J. (2016). Employment and the Fight against Poverty: Graduates Living in Poverty. Harare: Engagement Global. Retrieved July 11, 2020, from https://www.dandc.eu/en/article/many-university-graduates-zimbabwe-are-unemployed
[27] Murairwa, S. (2015). Voluntary Sampling Design. International Journal of Advanced Research in Management and Social Sciences, 4(2), 185 – 200. Retrieved from http://www.garph.co.uk/IJARMSS/Feb2015/18.pdf
[28] Murairwa, S. (2018). Re-engineering the Education Systems: A Continuous Education Quality Improvement Framework. Beau Bassin 71504, Mauritius: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing.
[29] NAP. (2018). Revitalizing the University-Industry-Government Partnership: Creating New Opportunities for the 21st Century Proceedings of a Workshop—in Brief. Washington DC: The National Academic of Science, Engineering & Medicine. Retrieved from https://www.nap.edu/read/25080/chapter/1
[30] Ncube, L. (2017, March 1). African Universities Churn out useless graduates. Chronicle. Retrieved July 11, 2020, from https://www.chronicle.co.zw/african-universities-churn-out-useless-graduates/
[31] Ngwenya, B. (2018, April 8). Promoting University-Industry collaboration key to economic prosperity in the new political economy. Sunday News. Retrieved June 1, 2020, from https://www.sundaynews.co.zw/promoting-university-industry-collaboration-key-to-economic-prosperity-in-the-new-political-economy/
[32] Nyström, M., Karltun, J., Keller, C., & Gare, A. B. (2018). Collaborative and partnership research for improvement of health and social services: researcher’s experiences from 20 projects. Health Research Policy and Systems, 16(46), 1 – 17. doi:10.1186/s12961-018-0322-0
[33] O’Shea, P. R., Chugh, H., & Allen, J. T. (2008). Determinants and consequences of university spinoff activity: a conceptual framework. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 33(6), 653 – 666. doi:10.1007/s10961-007-9060-0
[34] Perkmann, M., & Sobrero, M. (2013). Academic engagement and commercialisation: A review of the literature on university – industry relations. Research Policy, 42(2), 423 – 442. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2012.09.007
[35] Perkmann, M., & Walsh, K. (2019). Relationship-based university-industry links and open innovation: towards a research agenda. London: Figshare. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/2134/2276
[36] Perkmann, M., Tartari, V., Mckelvey, M., Autio, E., Brostrom, A., & Deste, P. (2013). Academic engagement and commercialisation: A review of the literature on university—industry relations. Research Policy, 42, 423 — 442.
[37] Phan, H. P., & Siegel, S. D. (2006). The Effectiveness of University Technology Transfer. Now Publishers Inc.
[38] Plewa, C., Korff, N., Johnson, C., Macpherson, G., & Rampersad, G. (2013). The evolution of university-industry linkages: A framework. Journal of Engineering Technology Management, 30, 21 – 44.
[39] Pop, O.-M. (2017, July 18). The Four Main Types of Business Collaboration. Retrieved from HYPE: https://blog.hypeinnovation.com/the-four-main-types-of-collaboration
[40] Rast, S., Khabiria, N., & Senina, A. A. (2012). Evaluation Framework for Assessing University-Industry Collaborative Research and Technological Initiative. Social and Behavioral Sciences, 40, 410 – 416.
[41] Robert, J. (2019). Mismatch Between Degrees And Jobs. Graduate Employment In Comparative Perspective. ECER 2019. Berlin: European Educational Research Association (EERA). Retrieved from https://eera-ecer.de/ecer-programmes/conference/24/contribution/47744/
[42] Rothaermel, T. F., Agung, S., & Jiang, L. (2007). University Entreneurship: A Tazonomy of the Literature. Industrial and Corporate Change, 16(4), 691 – 791. doi:10.1093/icc/dtm023
[43] Rybnicek, R., & Konigsgruber, R. (2019). What makes industry–university collaboration succeed? A systematic review of the literature. Journal of Business Economics, 89, 221 – 250. doi:10.1007/s11573-018-0916-6
[44] Salleha, M. S., & Omara, M. Z. (2013). University-Industry Collaboration Models in Malaysia. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 102, 654 – 664.
[45] Scearce, D. (2011). What are the different ways to Collaborate? . Grant makers for effective organizations (GEO) and Monitor Institute.
[46] Sherwood, A. L., Butts, S. B., & Kacar, S. L. (2004). Partnering for Knowledge: A Learning Framework for University – Industry Collaboration. Midwest Academy of Management. Retrieved July 9, 2020, from http://ipadvocatefoundation.org/studies/emory/pdfs/3.1c_partner%20know
[47] Shizha, E., & Kariwo, M. T. (2011). Education and development in Zimbabwe: a social, political and economic analysis. Boston, USA: Sense Publishers.
[48] Tsitskari, E., Goudas, M., Tsalouchou, E., & Michalopoulou, M. (2017). Employers’ expectations of the employability skills needed in the sport and recreation environment. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education, 20(1), 1 – 9. doi:10.1016/j.jhlste.2016.11.002
[49] Zhao, Z., Brostron, A., & Cai, J. (2020). Promoting Academic Engagement: University Cintext and Individual Characteristics. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 45, 304 – 337. doi:10.1007/s10961-018-9687-z

Stanley Murairwa, “A Sustainable Zimbabwe University – Industry Collaboration Framework” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.160-168 June 2021  DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5607

Download PDF

pdf

Impact of Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanisms on Capital Market Liquidity in Nigeria (2006-2020)

Adeoye, Mary A. and Nasiru, Halimah Y. – June 2021 Page No.: 169-174

This study examined the impacts of monetary policy transmission mechanisms on the liquidity of Nigerian capital market from 2006-2020. The required data were sourced from Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) statistical bulletin. Capital market liquidity is the dependent variable while the independent variables are; treasury bill rate, savings rate, net domestic credit, exchange rate and inflation rate. The Ordinary Least Square multiple regressions with econometric view were used as data analysis techniques. The study found that monetary policy transmission mechanism does not have significant impact on the liquidity of the capital market as against the findings of Akani and Imegi (2017). Also, all the channels of monetary policy transmission mechanisms have positive relationship with capital market liquidity except exchange rate. It therefore recommends that exchange rate should be worked upon so as to enhance the liquidity of Nigerian capital market in view of its negative impact on the capital market liquidity

Page(s): 169-174                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 July 2021

 Adeoye, Mary A.
Department of Management and Accounting, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso Oyo State, Nigeria

 Nasiru, Halimah Y.
Department of Management and Accounting, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso Oyo State, Nigeria

[1] Akani, H. W. (2013). Analysis of Macroeconomic Aggregates on Stock Price in Nigeria: An Application of co-integration and causality Test. International Journal of Academic Research. 1 (3),56-79.
[2] Akani, H. W. and Lucky, A. L. (2016). Capital Structure and Shareholders Value of Commercial Banks in Nigeria: A Multi-Variate Study Analysis. IIARD International Journal of Economics and Business Management, 2 (5), 1 – 24. Akani, H. W., Okonkwo V. I. and Ibenta, S. N. (2016). Empirical Analysis of Monetary Policy on Capital Market Activities: Evidence from Nigerian Economy, Journal of Accounting and Financial Management 2 (3), 82 – 111.
[3] Al-Raisi, A. H., Pattanaik, S., & Al Raisi, A. Y. (2007). Transmission Mechanism of Monetary Policy Under the Fixed Exchange Rate Regime of Oman. Central Bank of Oman Occasional Paper, 2007-1.
[4] Al-Raisi, A. H., Pattanaik, S., and Al Raisi, A. Y. (2007). Transmission Mechanism of Monetary Policy Under the Fixed Exchange Rate Regime of Oman. Central Bank of Oman Occasional Paper, 2007-1.
[5] Boivin, J., Kiley, M. T. and Mishkin, F. S. (2010). How Has the Monetary Transmission Mechanism Evolved Overtime? Finance and Economics Discussion Series Divisions of Research & Statistics and Monetary Affairs Federal Reserve Board.
[6] Cagan, P. (1989). Monetarism. in J. Eatwell, M. Milgate, and P. Newman (Eds.), The Palgrave: Money London and Basingstoke: The Macmillan Press Limited, 195-205.
[7] Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) (2016). Policy Measures. Abuja: CBN
[8] De Long, B. J. (2000). The Triumphant of Monetarism? Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14(1),83-94
[9] Fetai, B. and Izet, Z. (2010). The impact of monetary policy and exchange rate regime on the real GDP and prices in the Republic of Macedonia. Economics and Business Review, 12(4),263-284.
[10] Gerdesmeier, D. (2013). Fundamentals of Monetary Policy in Euro Area: Concepts Markets and Institutions. European Central Bank, WP/22/19.
[11] Henry W. A. and Imegi, J.C. (2017). Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanism and Liquidity of Capital Market: A Time Series Study from Nigeria: 1981-2016. IOSR Journal of Economics and Finance, 8(5); 1-24.
[12] Ifeoluwa, I. O. and Motilewa, B. D. (2015). Stock market liquidity and economic growth in Nigeria (1980 to 2012). Journal of Economics and International Business Management.
[13] Jhingan, M. L. (2005). Monetary Economics. Delhi: Vrinda Publications Ltd.
[14] Jimenez, G., Ongena, S., Peydro, J., and Saurina, J.(2011). Credit Supply and Monetary Policy. Unpublished Work
[15] Kamin, S B, P Turner & J Van ’t dack (1998): “The transmission of monetary policy in emerging market economies: an overview”, BIS Policy Papers, no 3, Bank for International Settlements.
[16] Mojo, B., & Peersman, G. (2003). A VAR description of the effects of monetary policy in individual countries of the EURO area. Monetary policy transition in the EURO area (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[17] Musa Al-Faki (2006). The Nigerian Capital Market and Socio-Economic Development in Nigeria: An Empirical Analysis. Nigeria Journal of Banking and Economic Issues, 5(1): 55-67.
[18] Ogunmuyiwa M. S. (2010). “Investor’s Sentiment, Stock Market Liquidity and economic Growth in Nigeria” Journal of Social Science, Vol. 23 No. 1 pp 63-67
[19] Okonkwo, O. N., Ogwuru, H. O. and Ajudua, E. I. (2014). Stock Market Performance and Economic Growth in Nigeria: An Empirical Appraisal. European Journal of Business and Management, 6(24), 33-63.
[20] Olaopa, O. R., Ogundari, I. O., Akindele, S. T. and Hassan, O. M. (2011). The Nigerian state and global economic crises: Sociopolitical implications and policy challenges. International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies, 4(2), 45-52.
[21] Olokoyo, F., Oyewo, B., and Babajide, A. (2014). The attitude of Investors to Capital and Money Market Investments Before and After Financial Crisis: Evidence from Nigeria. International Journal of Sustainable Economies Management, 3(1), 53- 64.
[22] Sanusi, L. A. S. (2009). Assessment of Current Development in the Nigerian Economy and the CBN policy action. BIS Review, 89.
[23] Shao, E. (2010). Credit rationing and endogenous monetary policy. Applied Economic Letters, 17, 437-443.
[24] World Finance (2015) – http://finance.mapsofworld.com

Adeoye, Mary A. and Nasiru, Halimah Y. “Impact of Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanisms on Capital Market Liquidity in Nigeria (2006-2020)” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.169-174 June 2021  URL : https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/169-174.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Health Information Resources and Clinical Core Skills as Predictors of Medical Doctors Clinical Decision Making in Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Alarape, A. A., Adegboye M. O., Ogunniran O. O, Omoba, F. A- June 2021 – Page No.: 175-184

The research investigated the extent of accessibility of various health information sources, assess the extent of versatility of Clinical Core Skills and Clinical Decision Making of Medical Doctors in OAUTH, Ile-Ife. The study employed the descriptive survey research design. The population for the study consisted of all the 822 Medical Doctors of various professional status and specializations in (OAUTH), Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. Four hundred and eleven (411) Medical Doctors formed the sample for this study. Proportionate sampling technique was used to assigned sample size to each area of specialization to ensure fair representation. Simple random sampling technique was employed to select sampled size assigned to each area of specialization. The survey instrument used to collect data was questionnaire titled “Health Information Resources, Clinical Core Skills and Clinical Decision Making of Medical Doctors (AHIRCCKDM) Data collected were analyzed using appropriate frequency count, mean and standard deviation. The findings indicated that health information resources for clinical decision making were accessible and used to a very high extent. The study concluded that Health Information were accessed and used for Clinical Decision Making among Medical Doctors in OAUTH. The study recommended that the university should make funds available for the OAUTH management to enable her procure modern health information equipment that will enhance easy accessibility of health information and enrich the routine Clinical Decision Making among Medical Doctors in OAUTH.

Page(s): 175-184                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5608

 Alarape, A. A.
Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

 Adegboye M. O.
Department of Communication and General Studies, College of Agricultural Management and Rural Development, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria

 Ogunniran O. O
Department of Library and Information Science, Adeleke University, Ede, Nigeria

 Omoba, F. A
Hezekiah Oluwasanmi Library, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

[1] Attama and Ezema (2015). Library and information services: A practical approach. Nigeria: E-Press (Nig.).
[2] Aguolu, C.C. & Aguolu, I.E. (2002) Librarians and information management in Nigeria. Maiduguri: Ed-Linform Services.
[3] Bawden D. (2008). The Worlds of Health Information. Journal of information science, 23(2). https://doi.org/10.11771016555150202800106 on 18th March 2019
[4] Buckland, M.K. (1991) Information as thing. Journal of American Society for Information Science, 42(5):351-360.
[5] Bhugra D. (2008) Decision making in psychiatry: what can we learn? Acta Psychiatr Scan 2008;118:1–3 [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
[6] Chapman R, Berger M, &Weinstein M (2002) When does quality-adjusting life-years matter in cost- effectiveness analysis? Health Economics. 2004;13:429–436.
[7] Charles C, Gafni A. & Whelan T. (1999) Decision making in the physician patient encounter: revisiting the shared treatment decision-making model. Soc Sci Med 1999;49:651–61 [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
[8] Hansson E, Hansson T (2007) The cost-utility of lumbar disc herniation surgery. Eur Spine J.; 6:329–337.
[9] Panos, K. (2001) The internet and poverty: real help or real type. Panos Media briefing No. 28, June. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/2371
[10] Peul W, van den Hout W, Brand R & Thomeer R, Koes B. (2008) Prolonged conservative car) versus early surgery in patients with sciatica caused by lumbar disc herniation: two-year results of a randomised controlled trial. BMJ;336:1355–58.
[11] Tosteson A, Skinner J, Tosteson T, Lurie J, Andersson G, Berven S, (2008) The Cost Effectiveness of Surgical Versus Nonoperative Treatment for Lumbar Disc Herniation Over Two Years. SPINE; 33(19):1–8.
[12] Van Osch S, Wakker P, van den Hout & Stiggelbout A (2004) Correcting biases in standard gamble and time tradeoff utilities. Medical Decision Making;24(511-517)
[13] Foster, A. (2004) A nonlinear model of information-seeking behavior. Journal of the American Society r Information Science and Technology, 55(3):228–237.
[14] Foster, A. and Ford, N. (2003) Serendipity and information seeking: An empirical study. Journal of Documentation, 59(3):321–340.
[15] Hardy D & Smith B. (2008) Decision making in clinical practice. Br J Anaesth 2008;9:19–21 [Google Scholar]
[16] Elwyn G, Edwards A, Gwyn R, & Grol R. (1999) Towards a feasible model for shared decision making: focus group study with general practice registrars. BMJ 1999;319:753–6 [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
[17] Coulter A, & Ellins J. (2006) Improving clinical decision-making. In: Coulter A, Ellins J. Patient-focused intervention: a review of the evidence. London: The Health Foundation; 2006. pp. 56–84 [Google Scholar]
[18] Moon, B. Y., Hossain and Shin (2012) Bo Youn Moon, Jung-Ho Youn, Sook Shin, Sun Young
[19] Hwang,1 Yong (2012) Ho Park1 Genetic and phenotypic characterization of methicillin-resistant staphylococci isolated from veterinary hospitals in South Korea. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 24(3) 489–498 DOI: 10.1177/1040638712440985 http://jvdi.sagepub.com
[20] Ojedokun, A.A. (2007). Information literacy for tertiary education students in Africa. Nigeria: Print-marks Ventures.
[21] Connolly, T., Arkes, H. R. & Hammond, K. R., (2000) Judgment and Decision Making: An Interdisciplinary Reader (Cambridge Series on Judgment and Decision Making) 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press; 2nd Edition ISBN-13: 978-0521626026, ISBN-10: 0521626021
[22] Eraut, M., & Hirsh, W., (2007) The Significance of Workplace Learning for Individuals, Groups and Organisations , SKOPE Monograph 9, Oxford University Department of Economics, 96pp.
[23] Eraut, M., Steadman, S., Furner, J., Maillardet, F., Miller, C., Ali, A. & Blackman, C. (2004) Learning in the professional workplace: relationships between learning factors and contextual factors , AERA Conference (Division I Paper Session), (San Diego, April).
[24] Nuq P (2012). Toward a Better Understanding of the Intention to use Health Service by Medical Professional, the case of Developing Countries PhD thesis submitted to the school of management. University of Nestle.
[25] Hinson J. M, Jameson T. L, Whitney P.Hinson J. M, (2003) Impulsive decision making and orking memory. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2003 Mar;29(2):298-306. doi: 10.1037/0278-7393.29.2.298.J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2003. PMID: 12696817
[26] Sox H. C Jr, Blatt M. A, Higgins M. C, Marton K. I. Medical Decision Making. B: Butterworth-Heinemann ; (1988). Weinstein M. C, Fineberg H. V. (1980) Clinical Decision Analysis. Philadelphia: Saunders.
[27] Kassirer J, Angell M. (1994;331:669–70)The Journal’s policy on cost-effectiveness analyses. New England Journal of Medicine. 1994;331:669–70.
[28] Vakkari, P. & Talja, S. (2005). The influence of the scatter of literature on the use of electronic resources across disciplines: A case study of FinELib. In Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Digital Libraries. Berlin & Heidelberg: Springer, 207-217.
[29] Van Osch S, Wakker P, van den Hout & Stiggelbout A (2004) Correcting biases in standard gamble and time tradeoff utilities. Medical Decision Making;24(511-517)
[30] Von Neumann J, Morgenstern O. (1944). Theory of games and economic behavior. PrincetonUniversity Press; Princeton, NJ
[31] Weinstein J., Lurie J& Tosteson T., (2006) Surgical vs non-operative treatment for lumbar disck herniation: the Spine patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT) observational cohort. JAMA;296:2451–9.
[32] Weinstein J, Tosteson T& Lurie J (2006). Surgical vs non-operative treatment for lumbar diskherniation: The Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT): a randomized trial. JAMA;296:2441–50.
[33] Weinstein M, Stason W (1977). Foundations of cost-effectiveness analysis for health and medical practices. New England Journal of Medicine;296(13):716–21.
[34] Weinstein M, Siegel J, Gold M, Kamlet M, Russell L (1996). Recommendations of the panel on cost-effectiveness in health and medicine. JAMA;276(15):1253–58.
[35] Whitney S, N, Holmes-Rovner M, & Brody H, (2008) Beyond shared decision making: An expanded typology of medical decisions. Med Decis Making 2008;28:699–705 [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Alarape, A. A., Adegboye M. O., Ogunniran O. O, Omoba, F. A “Health Information Resources and Clinical Core Skills as Predictors of Medical Doctors Clinical Decision Making in Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.175-184 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5608

Download PDF

pdf

The Effect of Reward System on Employee Job Satisfaction with Work Motivation as Intervening Variables
Rapat Piter Sony Hutahuruk, Haya Haratika- June 2021 – Page No.: 185-192

The effect Of Reward System on Employee Job Satisfaction With Work Motivation as Intervening Variable. The objectives of this study are: 1). This is to find out how the reward system affects the employee performance of the Procurement of Goods / Services at the Serdang Bedagai Regency Government. 2). To find out how the influence of work motivation on employee performance in the procurement of goods / services at the government of Serdang Bedagai district. 3). This is to find out how the reward system affects the performance of employees in the procurement of goods / services at the Serdang Bedagai Regency Government with work motivation as an intervening variable. This research was conducted in January 2020 at the Office of the Procurement of Goods / Services of the Government of Serdang Bedagai Regency. The results of this study indicate. (1) It can be seen that the magnitude of the adjusted R square value is 0.146 or 14.6%. This shows that if the reward system (X) can explain work motivation (Z) by 14.6%, the remaining 85.4% (100% – 14.6%) is explained by other variables outside of this research model. (2) The results of the t test (partial) show that tcount (1.628) 0.05, It can be concluded that the first hypothesis is rejected, meaning that the reward system variable (X) has no significant on work motivation (Z). (3) The results of the t test (partial) show that the value of t (5.737)> t table (2.034), and the significance value of 0.00 <0.05, it can be concluded that the second hypothesis is accepted, meaning that the reward system (X) has a significant effect on job satisfaction (Y). (4) The results of the path analysis test show that the direct effect of variable X on variable Y is 0.722. Meanwhile, the indirect effect through variable Z is 0.273 x 0.023 = 0.0627. From the calculation results obtained, it shows that the indirect effect through variable Z is smaller than the direct effect on variable Y.

Page(s): 185-192                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 July 2021

 Rapat Piter Sony Hutahuruk
Bina Karya College of Economics, Indonesia

 Haya Haratika
Bina Karya College of Economics, Indonesia

[1] Abdullah, M. 2014. Management and Employee Performance Evaluation. : Publisher Aswaja Pressindo. Yogyakarta.
[2] Antoniate, Ihsan. 2011. The Effect of Using Flash Learning Media on Student Learning Outcomes in Electrolyte and Non-Electrolyte Solution Sub Material, Thesis, FMIPA, Unimed, Medan.
[3] Anwar Prabu, Mangkunegara. 2011. Human Resource Management. PT. Youth Rosda Karya, Bandung.
[4] Buchari Alma. 2011. “Marketing Management And Marketing Services”. Alfabeta Publisher: Bandung
[5] Desseler, Gary. 2015. Human Resource Management (Edition Fourteen). Salemba Empat Jakarta.
[6] Edy Sutrisno, 2009. Human Resource Management, Third Edition, Kencana Prenada Media Group, Jakarta
[7] Ghazali, Imam. 2011. “Application of Multivariate Analysis with the SPSS Program”Diponegoro University Publishing Agency, Semarang
[8] Hasibuan, Malayu S.P .. 2017. Human Resource Management. Revised Edition. Jakarta: Earth Literacy.
[9] Kotler, and Keller. 2012. “Marketing Management”. 12. Jakarta Edition: Erlangga
[10] Keller, Kevin L. 2013. “Strategic Brand Management; Building, Measuring, and Managing Brand Equity ”. Fourth Edition Harlow, English: Pearson Education Inc.
[11] Kotler, Philip and Armstrong, Gary, (2014), “Principles of Marketing”, 12th Edition, Bob Sabran Translation Volume 1. Erlangga. Jakarta
[12] Nazir, Moh. 2013. “Research Methods”. Ghalia Indonesia. Bogor
[13] Sugiyono. 2012. “Business Research Methodology”, Printing 16. Alfabeta. Bandung
[14] Suryana. 2013. “Entrepreneurship, Tips and Processes for Success. Jakarta: SALEMBA FOUR. ”
[15] Siagian, Sondang. 2010. Human Resource Management. Jakarta: Earth Literacy
[16] Sutrisno, Edy. 2015. Human Resource Management (7th edition). Kencana Prenada Media Group Jakarta
[17] Syamsiyah, Naili Farida, Rodhiyah. 2013. Analysis of Organizational Performance Measurement Using the Balanced Scorecard Method. Journal Of Social and Politic Diponegoro
[18] Rivai, Veithzal. 2011, Human Resource Management for Companies: From Theory to Practice, Jakarta
[19] Wilson. 2012. Human Resource Management. Erlangga. Jakarta
[20] —————– 2013. “Quantitative Research Methods, Qualitative and R & D”. Alfabeta.CV. Bandung:

Rapat Piter Sony Hutahuruk, Haya Haratika “The Effect of Reward System on Employee Job Satisfaction with Work Motivation as Intervening Variables” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.185-192 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/185-192.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Influence of Process Improvement on Organizational Performance at Consolbase Limited

Onesmus M. Mwilu, Dr. Lawrence Wainaina- June 2021 Page No.: 193-197

The logistical companies have a complex supply chain management (SCM) that requires huge resources to implement because of the scope of internal functions as well as external parties’ operations. This study investigated the influence of process improvement on performance of Consolbase limited. A descriptive design survey was used for the study. The study population was the employees at the Consolbase Limited in the two branches offices. The study used stratified sampling method to sample the respondents. The study sample size was 130 respondents which was determined using Slovenes formula. Piloting was done to determine reliability and validity by use of 10 respondents. The data was collected by the use of questionnaires as the primary data collection instrument. The study established that process management had a positive and significant influence on organizational performance. The study concluded process improvement enables the organization to optimize existing business processes in order to meet best market standards and improve customer experience. The study recommends that the organization should conduct process improvement on a regular basis as a part of a business strategy. Define and deploy strong business processes to engage employees in a valuable way by distributing responsibility and accountability closer to the work itself.

Page(s): 193-197                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 July 2021

 Onesmus M. Mwilu
Department of Business Administration, School of Business, Kenyatta University, Kenya

 Dr. Lawrence Wainaina
Department of Business Administration, School of Business, Kenyatta University, Kenya

[1] Armstrong, M. (2006). A handbook of Human Resource Management Practice, London: Kogan page
[2] Barney, J. B., & Clark, D. N. (2007). Resource based theory: creating and sustaining competitive advantage, Oxford University Press
[3] Brian, M., & Butz, H. E. (2010). Strategic planning. The missing link in TQM. Quality Progress, 2(8), 5 – 14
[4] Butz, H. E. (2005). Strategic planning. The missing link in TQM “Quality Progress” 2(8), 45-53
[5] Chao, M. T. & Lin, D. K. J. (2006). Another look at the process capability Index. Quality and reliability Engineering, 2(2), 25 – 39
[6] Chao, M. T. & Lin, D. K. J. (2006). Another look at the process capability Index. Quality and reliability Engineering, 2(2), 25 – 39
[7] Cinite, L., Doxbury, L., & Higgins, C. (2008). Measurement of perceived organizational readiness for change in the public sector. British Journal of Management, 4(1), 25 – 36
[8] Davies, B., & Wilson, D., (2005). TQM – Organizing for Success. Total Quality Management, 11th International Conference, London
[9] Deming, W. E., (1992). Quality, Productivity and Competitive Position, Massachusetts Institute of technology Centre for Advanced Engineering Studies. Cambridge M. A.
[10] Dondo, P. S. M. (2006). Lean Production, six sigma quality, TQM and company culture. The TQM Magazine, 4(1), 15 – 27
[11] Drucker, P., (2001). What can we learn from Japanese Management? Harvard business Review, 4(2), 11-23
[12] Feigenbaum, A. (1983). Quality Productivity and competition position Cambridge, MA: Center for advance Engineering Study
[13] Hancott, A. (2006). Determinants of organizational flexibility: a study in emerging economy. British Journal of Management, 7(1), 23 – 36
[14] Homald, A. A., Minaj, M. S. & Rahman, H. A. (2015). TQM and performance linkage in the microfinance institution. The mediating role of IT capability: Asian Social Science, 11 (21)
[15] Ishikawa, K. (2003). What is total quality control? The Japanese way. New York, Englewod cliffs: Prentice hall
[16] Karuppusami, G., & Gandninathan, R. (2006). Pareto analysis of critical success factors of total quality management, A literature review and Analysis, the TQM magazine 18(4), 14-24
[17] Kushwaha, G. S., & Barma, D., (2010). Development of a Theoretical Framework of Supply Chain Quality management. Serbian Journal of management, 5(1), 4 – 15
[18] Lakhe, R. R. and Tidke, D. J., (2008). A study of Quality Assurance Practices in Small Scale Industries. Industrial Engineering Journal, 22(2), 37 – 46
[19] Lee, H., Lee, Y., & Yoo, D. (2000). The determinants of perceived quality and its relationship with satisfaction. Journal of services marketing, 1(4), 1-12
[20] Lewis, D. A. (2004). A Comparison of Attitudes of Spanish and American Quality Assurance managers. International Journal of Production and Inventory Management, 3(3), 45 – 56
[21] McGinnis, Ma. A., Kochunny, C. M. & Ackerman, K. B. (2005). Third Party Logistics choice. The international journal of logistics management, 6(2), 5-14
[22] McLaurin, K. B. (2007). Third Party Logistics choice. The international journal of logistics management, 6(2), 56 – 69
[23] Nayanatara, G. A. I. (2015). The mediating effect of market orientation on the relationship between total quality management, entrepreneurial orientation and the performance of banks in Libya (Doctoral dissertation, Universiti Utara Malaysia).
[24] Rampersad, H. K. (2005). Managing Total Quality: Enhancing personal and company value New Delphi: Tata McGraw Hill
[25] Salaheldin, S. I. (2009). Critical success factors of the TQM implementation and their impact on performance of SMEs. International Journal of Productivity and performance management, 7(1), 25 – 29
[26] Schwarz, G., & Huber, G. (2008). Challenging organizational change Research. British Journal of Management, 3(2), 54 – 66
[27] Talib, F., & Rahman, Z. (2010). Critical success factors of total quality management in service organization. A proposed model service marketing quarterly, 31(3), 45 – 51
[28] Tilokavicahi, Z. M., Dale, B. G. & Kehoe, D. F. (2012). Doctoral Total Quality Management Research: A study of Themes, Directions and Trends. Total Quality Management, 12(5), 56 – 69
[29] Welikala, D., and Sohal, A. (2008). Total Quality Management and employee management. acase study of an Australian Organization. Total Quality management and business excellence, 1(3), 56-68
[30] World Bank (2017). Economic Monitoring Report to the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee (English), World Bank Group, Washington, DC

Onesmus M. Mwilu, Dr. Lawrence Wainaina, “Influence of Process Improvement on Organizational Performance at Consolbase Limited” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.193-197 June 2021  https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/193-197.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Effect of Innovation Strategies on Performance of Real Estates Firms in Mavoko Sub-County, Kenya

Wambua, Peter Maingi; Stephen M. A. Muathe – June 2021 Page No.: 198-206

For the last 5 years, the real estate in Kenya has been affected negatively by financial crisis that affected the entire world. There has been also a massive expansion of the real estate that calls for innovation and new strategies by the stakeholders in the sector for them to keep abreast with the challenges. Therefore, this study sought to assess the effect of innovation strategies on real estate firms’ performance in Mavoko Sub-County, Kenya. Specifically, the study sought to; determine how Process Innovation Strategy, Product Differentiation Strategy, Technology Strategy, and Innovative Customer Service Strategy influences performance of real estate firms in Mavoko Sub-County, Kenya. This study used census method since the population was small and the firms were easily accessible. Primary data for this study was collected using copies of questionnaire as its key instrument. SPSS version 25 then aided in analyzing data as it was most apposite and user-friendly for analyzing attitudinal responses that are management related. Data collected was then analyzed through descriptive statistics and inferential statistics and presented using frequency distribution tables and figures. The findings revealed that 90.3% of the total variance in the dependent variable (Performance of Real Estate Firms) could be significantly explained by combined independent variables (Process Innovation Strategy, Product Differentiation Strategy, Technology Strategy, and Innovative Customer Service Strategy). The study therefore concluded that Process Innovation, Product Differentiation, Technology, and Innovative Customer Service Strategies had significant positive effect on the performances of real estate firms in Mavoko Sub-County, Kenya. Therefore, the study recommended that the firms should make use of these strategies so as to boost their performance.

Page(s): 198-206                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 July 2021

 Wambua, Peter Maingi
Kenyatta University, Kenya

 Stephen M. A. Muathe
Kenyatta University, Kenya

[1] Acharya, V. V., & Richardson, M. (2019). Causes of the financial crisis. Critical review, 21(2-3), 195-210.
[2] Afuah, A. (2014). Business model innovation: concepts, analysis, and cases. Routledge.
[3] Agbor, J. M. (2011). The Relationship between Customer Satisfaction and Service Quality: a study of three Service sectors in Umeå.
[4] Aliqah, K. M. A. (2017). Differentiation and organizational performance: Empirical evidence from Jordanian companies. Journal of Economics, 3(1), 7-11.
[5] Anderson, N., Potočnik, K., & Zhou, J. (2014). Innovation and creativity in organizations: A state-of-the-science review, prospective commentary, and guiding framework. Journal of management, 40(5), 1297-1333.
[6] Artz, K. W., Norman, P. M., Hatfield, D. E., & Cardinal, L. B. (2010). A longitudinal study of the impact of R&D, patents, and product innovation on firm performance. Journal of product innovation management, 27(5), 725-740.
[7] Atandi, F. G., & Bwisa, H. (2013). Entrepreneurship, Technology & Innovation. Juja: JKUAT.
[8] Baruch, Y., & Holtom, B. C. (2008). Survey response rate levels and trends in organizational research. Human relations, 61(8), 1139-1160.
[9] Boachie-Mensah, F., & Acquah, I. S. (2015). The effect of innovation types on the performance of small and medium-sized enterprises in the Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis. Archives of Business Research, 3(3).
[10] Bolarinwa, O. A. (2015). Principles and methods of validity and reliability testing of questionnaires used in social and health science researches. Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal, 22(4), 195.
[11] Boot, A. W., & Schmeits, A. (2018). Challenges to competitive banking: a theoretical perspective. Research in Economics, 52(3), 255-270.
[12] Bowen, F. E., Rostami, M., & Steel, P. (2010). Timing is everything: A meta-analysis of the relationships between organizational performance and innovation. Journal of Business Research, 63(11), 1179-1185.
[13] Bowen, F. E., Rostami, M., & Steel, P. (2010). Timing is everything: A meta-analysis of the relationships between organizational performance and innovation. Journal of Business Research, 63(11), 1179-1185.
[14] Boynton, A. C., Victor, B., & Pine II, B. J. (2019). New competitive strategies: Challenges to organizations and information technology. IBM systems journal, 32(1), 40-64.
[15] Calantone, R. J., Harmancioglu, N., & Droge, C. (2010). Inconclusive innovation “returns”: A meta‐analysis of research on innovation in new product development. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 27(7), 1065-1081.
[16] Calantone, R. J., Harmancioglu, N., & Droge, C. (2010). Inconclusive innovation “returns”: A meta‐analysis of research on innovation in new product development. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 27(7), 1065-1081.
[17] Calantone, R. J., Harmancioglu, N., & Droge, C. (2010). Inconclusive innovation “returns”: A meta‐analysis of research on innovation in new product development. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 27(7), 1065-1081.
[18] Cozza, C., Malerba, F., Mancusi, M. L., Perani, G., & Vezzulli, A. (2012). Innovation, profitability and growth in medium and high-tech manufacturing industries: evidence from Italy. Applied Economics, 44(15), 1963-1976.
[19] De Faria, P., & Mendonça, J. (2011). Innovation strategy by firms: do innovative firms grow more?. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 12(2), 173-184.
[20] Dickson, P. R., & Ginter, J. L. (2017). Market segmentation, product differentiation, and marketing strategy. Journal of marketing, 51(2), 1-10.
[21] Dirisu, J. I., Iyiola, O., & Ibidunni, O. S. (2019). Product differentiation: A tool of competitive advantage and optimal organizational performance (A study of Unilever Nigeria PLC). European Scientific Journal, 9(34).
[22] Fagerberg, J., & Verspagen, B. (2009). Innovation studies—The emerging structure of a new scientific field. Research policy, 38(2), 218-233.
[23] Gallouj, F., & Savona, M. (2009). Innovation in services: a review of the debate and a research agenda. Journal of evolutionary economics, 19(2), 149.
[24] Gathuru, J. W. (2014). The effect of macroeconomic variables on the value of real estates supplied in Kenya. Unpublished MSc. Finance Research Project.
[25] Hardwick, J., Anderson, A. R., & Cruickshank, D. (2013). Trust formation processes in innovative collaborations: networking as knowledge building practices. European Journal of Innovation Management, 16(1), 4-21.
[26] Hernández-Espallardo, M., & Delgado-Ballester, E. (2009). Product innovation in small manufacturers, market orientation and the industry’s five competitive forces: Empirical evidence from Spain. European Journal of Innovation Management, 12(4), 470-491.
[27] Hervas-Oliver, J. L., Sempere-Ripoll, F., & Boronat-Moll, C. (2019). Process innovation strategy in SMEs, organizational innovation and performance: a misleading debate?. Small business economics, 43(4), 873-886.
[28] Juma, M. I. (2019). The effect of macro-economic variables on growth in real estate investment in Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi).
[29] Karabulut, A. T. (2015). Effects of innovation types on performance of manufacturing firms in Turkey. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 195, 1355-1364.
[30] Karanja, S. (2009). Innovation strategies adopted by insurance companies in Kenya. Unpublished MBA Project, School of Business, University of Nairobi, Kenya.
[31] Kindström, D., & Kowalkowski, C. (2014). Service innovation in product-centric firms: A multidimensional business model perspective. Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, 29(2), 96-111.
[32] Lai, W. H., Lin, C. C., & Wang, T. C. (2015). Exploring the interoperability of innovation capability and corporate sustainability. Journal of Business Research, 68(4), 867-871.
[33] Löfsten, H. (2014). Product innovation processes and the trade-off between product innovation performance and business performance. European Journal of Innovation Management, 17(1), 61-84.
[34] Massa, S., & Testa, S. (2008). Innovation and SMEs: Misaligned perspectives and goals among entrepreneurs, academics, and policy makers. Technovation, 28(7), 393-407.
[35] McNally, R. C., Cavusgil, E., & Calantone, R. J. (2010). Product innovativeness dimensions and their relationships with product advantage, product financial performance, and project protocol. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 27(7), 991-1006.
[36] Mitchelmore, S., & Rowley, J. (2010). Entrepreneurial competencies: a literature review and development agenda. International journal of entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 16(2), 92-111.
[37] Muguchia, L. (2012). Effect of flexible interest rates on the growth of mortgage financing in Kenya. Unpublished MBA research Project, School of Business, University of Nairobi.
[38] Murat Ar, I., & Baki, B. (2011). Antecedents and performance impacts of product versus process innovation: Empirical evidence from SMEs located in Turkish science and technology parks. European Journal of Innovation Management, 14(2), 172-206.
[39] Nayak, R. C., Noida, G., & Agarwal, R. (2011). A model of creativity and innovation in organizations. International Journal of Transformations in Business Management (IJTBM), 1(1), 1-8.
[40] Padma, P., Rajendran, C., & Sai Lokachari, P. (2010). Service quality and its impact on customer satisfaction in Indian hospitals: Perspectives of patients and their attendants. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 17(6), 807-841.
[41] Porter, M. (2007). Competitive Strategy; Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors, the Free Press, New York.
[42] Raymond, L., & St-Pierre, J. (2010). R&D as a determinant of innovation in manufacturing SMEs: An attempt at empirical clarification. Technovation, 30(1), 48-56.
[43] Reinhardt, F. L. (2018). Environmental product differentiation: Implications for corporate strategy. California management review, 40(4), 43-73.
[44] Snow, C. C., & Hambrick, D. C. (2015). Measuring organizational strategies: Some theoretical and methodological problems. Academy of management review, 5(4), 527-538.
[45] Stanko, M. A., & Calantone, R. J. (2011). Controversy in innovation outsourcing research: review, synthesis, and future directions. R&d Management, 41(1), 8-20.
[46] Van Auken, H., Madrid-Guijarro, A., & Garcia-Perez-de-Lema, D. (2008). Innovation and performance in Spanish manufacturing SMEs. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 8(1), 36-56.
[47] Varis, M., & Littunen, H. (2010). Types of innovation, sources of information and performance in entrepreneurial SMEs. European Journal of Innovation Management, 13(2), 128-154.
[48] Wicks, A. M., & Roethlein, C. J. (2009). A satisfaction-based definition of quality. The Journal of Business and Economic Studies, 15(1), 82.
[49] Wolff, J. A., & Pett, T. L. (2004). Small-business internationalisation: the relationship between firm resources and export competitive patterns in exporting. International Journal of Management and Decision Making, 5(2-3), 246-262.
[50] Zott, C., & Amit, R. (2008). The fit between product market strategy and business model: implications for firm performance. Strategic management journal, 29(1), 1-26.

Wambua, Peter Maingi; Stephen M. A. Muathe “Effect of Innovation Strategies on Performance of Real Estates Firms in Mavoko Sub-County, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.198-206 June 2021  URL : https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/198-206.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Relevance of New Crop Varieties and the Challenges Faced by Santa Farmers, North West Region of Cameroon
Muluh Prudence Mankah, Tohnain Nobert Lengha, Christopher Mubeteneh Tankou- June 2021 – Page No.: 207-213

This study was designed to analyze the relevance of new crop varieties and the challenges faced by Santa farmers, North West Region of Cameroon. Primary data were collected from 115 farmers involved in the cultivation of new seed varieties using purposive random sampling techniques. Data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS).The results showed that 45.8% of farmers’ main difficulty encountered for cultivating new crop varieties was difficulty in multiplying seeds successfully. Also, 25.2% of farmers complained of not having access to large lands needed for cultivation. Furthermore, the introduction of new crop varieties led to the gradual disappearance of local seeds which automatically changed many people’s eaten habits in Santa. Despite the challenges faced, the study found that 61.6% of farmers adopted new varieties because it increased their productivity. The results equally reported that new crop varieties equally attracted and employed majority (52.3%) of the youths from towns to villages for farming.The study strongly recommends that the government and other stake holders should focus more on providing means to which farmers can be able to multiply seeds successfully. When this is done, then farmers in Santa are sure of having seeds that can be multiplied easily without incurring so much loss. Hence, this will equally help farmers from buying seeds almost every planting season.

Page(s): 207-213                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 July 2021

 Muluh Prudence Mankah
Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Rural Socioeconomics and Agricultural Extension, University of Dschang, Cameroon

 Tohnain Nobert Lengha
Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Rural Socioeconomics and Agricultural Extension, University of Dschang, Cameroon

 Christopher Mubeteneh Tankou
Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, Department of crop Science, University of Dschang, Cameroon

[1] Amungwa FA. (2018). Appraisal of Innovations in Agricultural Extension and Advisory Services in Cameroon
[2] Asiedu Darko EA, (2014). Farmers Perception on Agricultural Technologies a Case of Some Improved Varieties in Ghana
[3] Clements, R., J. Haggar, A. Quezada, and J. Torres (2011). Technologies for Climate Change Adaptation – Agriculture Sector. X. Zhu (Ed.). UNEP Risø Centre, Roskilde, 2011.
[4] D. A Fontem, M.Y.D Gumedzoe and R Nono-Womdim. Biological Constrain in Tomato Production, west region of Cameroon.
[5] de Vendômois JS, Roullier F, Cellier D, Séralini GE. A Comparison of the Effects of Three GM Corn Varieties on Mammalian Health. Int J Biol Sci 2009; 5(7):706-726. doi:10.7150/ijbs.5.706. Available from https://www.ijbs.com/v05p0706.htm
[6] Diune N.Tarla, (2014). On improved maize varieties on household food security in the North West Region of Cameroon.
[7] Ewa Rembiałkowska.Human health implications of organic food and organic agriculture Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Department of Functional & Organic Food & Commodities,Warsaw, Poland (Chapter 4 & 6).
[8] Fojong, (2004).Challenges and Coping Strategies of Women Food Crops
[9] Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2000. Sustainable Potato Production
[10] Grossman (2006).Factors influencing heath eating habits among college
[11] Hall, J. (2003) Environment: Aliens plant species invade Southern Africa. Global Information Network. June 27: 1-2. 2003
[12] Jill E. Cairns1, Jon Hellin2, Kai Sonder2, José Luis Araus3, John F. MacRobert1, Christian Thierfelder1 & B. M. Prasanna4 2013. Adapting maize production to climate change in sub-Saharan Africa
[13] Magdalena Blum (2015). Challenges Agriculture, Extension and Advisory Services face today. Extension Systems Officer Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) EUFRAS International Conference, Green Week Berlin, Germany
[14] Mouafor Boris Igwacho, Carine Temegne Nono, Ajebesone Francis Ngome, Dorothy Malaa2016. Farmer’s Adoption of Improved Cassava Varieties in the Humid Forest Agro-ecological Zone of Cameroon
[15] Renee Cho, 2013. Improving Seeds to Meet Future Challenges Unintended Effects from Breeding” Institute of Medicine and National Research Council.2004.Safety of Genetically Engineered Foods: Approaches to Assessing Unintended Health Effects. Washington, DC: THE National Academies Press.doi:10.17226/10977.
[16] Yeyoung Lee1, Donghwan An1,2,*, and Taeyoon Kim3,* 1 (2017). The Effects of Agricultural Extension Service on Farm Productivity: Evidence from Mbale District in Uganda Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Kore

Muluh Prudence Mankah, Tohnain Nobert Lengha, Christopher Mubeteneh Tankou “Relevance of New Crop Varieties and the Challenges Faced by Santa Farmers, North West Region of Cameroon” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.207-213 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/207-213.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

ARIMA Time Series Analysis in Forecasting Daily Stock Price of Chittagong Stock Exchange (CSE)
Tasnim Uddin Chowdhury, Md. Shahidul Islam- June 2021 – Page No.: 214-233

The aim of the study is to examine the nature of daily share price and select a suitable ARIMA model to forecast the future daily share price from the previous daily share price of Chittagong Stock exchange (CSE). A random sampling method has been followed to collect the closing price of 60 companies for the period of January 2019 to December 2019 (241 trading days). Durbin-Watson test has been conducted to find the autocorrelation in each of the share prices. Then the Augmented Dickey-Fuller test has been applied to test the stationary of data and the Autocorrelation function (ACF) and Partial Autocorrelation function (PACF) has been calculated to determine the lag value of moving average MA(q) and autocorrelation AR(p)based on Ljung-Box Test Q, root mean square error, mean absolute error, mean absolute percent error and R-square values. After selecting ARIMA (p,d,q) model, forecasted values for each of the shares are calculated for the next 22 trading days of January 2020. Then a comparison has been made between the forecasted prices and the actual share prices by using the Goodness-of-fit Test, Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE), Mean Square Error (MSE) to validate the model. The result shows that the ARIMA model is applicable to forecast the daily share price of CSE.

Page(s): 214-233                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5609

 Tasnim Uddin Chowdhury
Assistant Professor (Finance Discipline), Department of Business Administration, Premier University, Chattogram, Bangladesh

 Md. Shahidul Islam
Divisional Officer, Service Engineering Division, Bangladesh Forest Research Institute, Chattogram, Bangladesh

[1] Ahmed, F. (2002). Market Efficiency in Emerging Stock Markets: The Case of Dhaka Stock Exchange. Journal of Business Studies, 23 (1), pp. 157-172.
[2] Alam, M. M., Uddin, M. G. S. (2007). The Impacts of Interest Rate on Stock Market: Empirical Evidence from Dhaka Stock Exchange. South Asian Journal of Management and Sciences, Vol. 1(2), pp. 123-132.
[3] Al-Shaib, M. (2006). The predictability of the Amman Stock Exchange Using Univariate Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) Model. Journal of Economic & Administrative Sciences, 22, (2), 17-35.
[4] Al-Zeaud, H. A., (2011). Modelling and Forecasting Volatility Using ARIMA Model. European Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Sciences, 35, 109–125.
[5] Ariyo, A. A., Adewumi, A. O., and Ayo, C. K. (2014). Stock price prediction using the arima model. in Computer Modelling and Simulation (UKSim) in 2014 UKSim-AMSS 16thInternational Conference, pages 106–112. IEEE.
[6] Bepari, M.K. and Mollik, A. (2008). Bangladesh Stock Market Growing? a key indicators based assessment. Journal of Business Administration Online (JBAO), Issue 8, 2008, Arkansas: School of Business, Arkansas Tech University.
[7] Cao, L. J., Tay, F. E.H. (2003). Support vector machine with adaptive parameters in financial time series forecasting. IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, 14: 1506–1518.
[8] Chang, P. C., Liu, C.H. (2008). A TSK type fuzzy rule based system for stock price prediction. Expert Systems with Applications. 34: 135–144.
[9] Claessens, S., Dasgupta S. and Glen, J. (1995). Return behaviour in emerging Stock Market. The world Bank economic Review, vol.9, no.1, Pp. 131-151.
[10] CSE (2021). Chittagong Stock Exchange. Retrieved from https://www.cse.com.bd/market/close_price
[11] Ding, Z., Granger,C. W. J., and Engle,R. F. (1993). A long memory property of stock market returns and a new model. Journal of Empirical Finance. 1, 83–106.
[12] Fama, E. F., French, K. R. (1988). Dividend yields and expected stock returns. Journal of financial economics, 22(1), 3-25.
[13] Gavrishchaka, V. V., Banerjee, S. (2006). Support vector machine as an efficient framework for stock market volatility forecasting. Computational Management Science. 3: 147–160.
[14] Granger, M., Morgenstern, O. (1963). Spectral Analysis of New York Stock Market Prices. Kyklos, 16: 1–27
[15] Haider, A. S., Kabir, M. R. (2009). Forecasting Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) Return: An Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) Approach. North South Business Review, Volume 3.
[16] Harvey, C. R., (1994). Conditional Asset allocation in Emerging Markets. Working Paper. No. 4623, Cambridge, MA.
[17] Islam, A., Khaled, M. (2005). Tests of Weak-Form Efficiency of the Dhaka Stock Exchange. Journal Of Business Finance & Accounting, vol.32 (7-8), pp.1613-1624, September/October.
[18] Jarrett, J.E., and E. Kyper, (2005). Daily variation, capital market efficiency and predicting stock market returns. Management Research News. 28(8),34-47.
[19] Jia, H. (2016). Investigation into the effectiveness of long short term memory networks for stock price prediction. arXiv preprint arXiv:1603.07893.
[20] Kamruzzaman, M., Khudri, M. M. and Rahman, M. M. (2017). Modeling and Predicting Stock Market Returns: A Case Study on Dhaka Stock Exchange of Bangladesh. Dhaka Univ. J. Sci. 65(2): 97-101, 2017 (July)
[21] Kendall, M. (1953). The Analysis of Economic Time Series. Part I. Prices. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 96: 11–25.
[22] Keane, S. M. (1983). The Efficient Market Hypothesis on Trial. Financial Analysts Journal. Vol. 42, No. 2 (Mar. – Apr., 1986), pp. 58-63
[23] Kader, A. A., Rahman, A. F. M A. (2005). Testing the Weak-Form Efficiency of an Emerging Market: Evidence from the Dhaka Stock Exchange of Bangladesh. AIUB Journal, vol.4 (2), August.
[24] Khababa, N. (1998). Behavior of stock prices in the Saudi Arabian Financial Market: Empirical research findings. Journal of Financial Management & Analysis. vol.11(1), pp.48-55, Jan-June.
[25] Kryzanowski, L., Galler, M., and Wright, D. W. (1993). Using artificial neural networksto pick stocks. Financial Analysts Journal, 49(4):21–27.
[26] Kumar, S. S. (2006). Forecasting Volatility – Evidence from Indian Stock and Forex Markets. IIM Working Paper series, 6
[27] Liu, C.F., Yeh, C.Y. and Lee, S.J. (2012). Application of type-2 neuro-fuzzy modeling in stock price prediction. Applied Soft Computing. 12: 1348–1358.
[28] Mostafa, M. (2010). Forecasting stock exchange movements using neural networks: empirical evidence from Kuwait. Expert Systems with Application, 37(9), 6302-6309. DOI: 10.1016/j.eswa.2010.02.091.
[29] Oh, S. K., Pedrycz, W., Park, H. S. (2006). Genetically optimized fuzzy polynomial neural networks. IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems. 14: 125–144.
[30] Poterba, J. M., Summers, L. H. (1988). Mean Reversion in Stock Returns: Evidence and Implications. Journal of Financial Economics, Vol. 22, pp. 27-59.
[31] Rahman, S. & Hossain, F. (2006). Weak-Form Efficiency: Testimony of Dhaka Stock Exchange. Journal of Business Research, 8, pp.1-12.
[32] Roux, F. J. P., Gilbertson, D. P. (1978). The behavior of share prices on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange. Journal of Business Finance and Accounting. vol.5 (2), pp.223-232
[33] Simons, D., Laryea, S.A. (2004). Testing the Efficiency of selected African Stock Markets. A Working Paper. http://paper.ssrn.com/so13/paper.cfm?abstract_id=874808.
[34] Schöneburg, E. (1990). Stock price prediction using neural networks: A project report. Neurocomputing, 2(1):17–27.
[35] Sen, J. &Datta Chaudhuri, T. (2018a). Understanding the sectors of Indian economy for portfolio choice. International Journal of Business Forecasting and Marketing Intelligence, 4(2), 178-222. DOI: 10.1504/IJBFMI.2018.090914
[36] Sen, J. &Datta Chaudhuri, T. (2018b). Stock price prediction using machine learning and deep learning frameworks. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Business Analytics and Intelligence (ICBAI’18), Bangalore, India, December 20-22, 2018.
[37] Sen, J. &Datta Chaudhuri, T. (2017a). A time series analysis-based forecasting framework for the Indian healthcare sector. Journal of Insurance and Financial Management, 3(1), 66-94.
[38] Sen, J. &Datta Chaudhuri, T. (2017b). A predictive analysis of the Indian FMCG sector using time series decomposition based approach. Journal of Economics Library, 4(2), 206-226. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1453/jel.v4i2.1282
[39] Sen, J. & Datta Chaudhuri, T. (2017c). A time series analysis-based forecasting approach for the Indian realty sector. International Journal of Applied Economic Studies, 5(4), 8 – 27.
[40] Sen, J. & Datta Chaudhuri, T. (2017d). A robust predictive model for stock price forecasting. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Business Analytics and Intelligence, Bangalore, India, December 11-13, 2017.
[41] Sen, J. & Datta Chaudhuri, T. (2016). An alternative framework for time series decomposition and forecasting and its relevance for portfolio choice – a comparative study of the Indian consumer durable and small-cap sector. Journal of Economic Library, 3(2), 303-326.
[42] Sohail, C., Kamal, S., & Ali, I., (2012). Modelling and volatility analysis of share prices using ARCH and GARCH models. World Applied Sciences Journal. 19(1), 77–82.
[43] Solnik, B., (1973). Note on the Validity of the Random Walk for European Stock Prices. Journal of Finance, 28: 1151–1159.
[44] Wei, L.-Y. (2013). A hybrid model based on ANFIS and adaptive expectation genetic algorithm to forecast TAIEX. Economic Modelling, 33:893–899.
[45] Yeh, C. Y., Huang, C. W. & Lee, S. J. (2011). A multiple-kernel support vector regression approach for stock market price forecasting. Expert Systems with Applications, 38: 2177–2186.
[46] Yoon, Y., Guimaraes, T., & Swales, G. (1994). Integrating artificial neural networks with rule-based expert systems. Decision Support Systems, 11(5):497–507.

Tasnim Uddin Chowdhury, Md. Shahidul Islam “ARIMA Time Series Analysis in Forecasting Daily Stock Price of Chittagong Stock Exchange (CSE)” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.214-233 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5609

Download PDF

pdf

Analysis of the Influence of Employee Salaries, Job Stability, Job Enrichment on Employee Commitment with Job Satisfaction as Mediation
Muhammad Donal Mon, Herianto Wiranata- June 2021 – Page No.: 234-238

This study aims to examine the effect of employee salary, job stability, and job enrichment on employee commitment to the manufacturing industry in Batam with job satisfaction as mediation. The object of research is employees who work in manufacturing companies in the city of Batam. The sampling technique used random sampling by using questionnaires for data collection by distributing questionnaires directly and partly through google forms, because not all companies and employees can be found directly during this pandemic. The data that has been collected was tested using Smart PLS version 3.0 to test the validity of the reliability and hypothesis testing. The results showed that job stability and job enrichment had no positive and significant effect on employee satisfaction, while salary, job stability and job enrichment and job satisfaction had a positive and significant effect on employee commitment. In the mediation test, job enrichment does not have a positive effect on work commitment with job satisfaction as mediation.The results of this study are expected to be input for business actors in manufacturing companies which are widely available in Batam. Several limitations and recommendations for future research were also included in this study.

Page(s): 234-238                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 July 2021

 Muhammad Donal Mon
Universitas Internasional Batam (UIB), Indonesia

 Md. Shahidul Islam
Universitas Internasional Batam (UIB), Indonesia

[1] Achmad, Z. A., & Ida, R. (2018). Etnografi Virtual Sebagai Teknik Pengumpulan Data Dan Metode Penelitian. The Journal of Society & Media, 2(2), 130. https://doi.org/10.26740/jsm.v2n2.p130-145
[2] Agnew, C. R., Hadden, B. W., Tan, K., Agnew, C. R., Hadden, B. W., & Tan, K. (2019). Institutional Knowledge at Singapore Management University It ’ s about time : Readiness , commitment and stability in close relationships It ’ s About Time : Readiness , Commitment , and Stability in Close Relationships. 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550619829060
[3] Ali, A. A., Edwin, O., & Tirimba, O. I. (2015). Analysis of Extrinsic Rewards and Employee Satisfaction: Case of Somtel Company in Somaliland. International Journal of Business Management & Economic Research, 6(6), 417–435.
[4] BPS. (2021). Indikator Pasar Tenaga Kerja Indonesia. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik.
[5] Chan, X. W., Kalliath, P., Chan, C., & Kalliath, T. (2020). How does family support facilitate job satisfaction? Investigating the chain mediating effects of work–family enrichment and job-related well-being. Stress and Health, 36(1), 97–104. https://doi.org/10.1002/smi.2918
[6] Darma, P. S., & Supriyanto, A. S. (2017). the Effect of Compensation on Satisfaction and Employee Performance. Management and Economics Journal (MEC-J), 1(1), 66. https://doi.org/10.18860/mec-j.v1i1.4524
[7] Dhurup, M., Surujlal, J., & Kabongo, D. M. (2016). Finding Synergic Relationships in Teamwork, Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction: A Case Study of a Construction Organization in a Developing Country. Procedia Economics and Finance, 35(October 2015), 485–492. https://doi.org/10.1016/s2212-5671(16)00060-5
[8] Emeya, S., & Antiaobong, E. O. (2016). Motivation and Regular Salary as Determinants of Agricultural Science Teacher’s Commitment and Accomplishment of their Professional Responsibilities in Rivers State, Nigeria. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 12(13), 168. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2016.v12n13p168
[9] Failla, V., Melillo, F., & Reichstein, T. (2017). Entrepreneurship and employment stability — Job matching, labour market value, and personal commitment. Journal of Business Venturing, 32(2), 162–177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2017.01.002
[10] Filandri, M., Pasqua, S., & Tomatis, F. (2019). ‘ Bread for all , and Roses , too ’: satisfaction for job stability and wage among Italian young workers. Satisfaction for Job Stability and Wage among Italian Young Workers, 1–14.
[11] He, F., Deng, Y., & Li, W. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019: What we know? Journal of Medical Virology, 92(7), 719–725. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.25766
[12] Hendryadi, H. (2017). Validitas Isi: Tahap Awal Pengembangan Kuesioner. Jurnal Riset Manajemen Dan Bisnis (JRMB) Fakultas Ekonomi UNIAT, 2(2), 169–178. https://doi.org/10.36226/jrmb.v2i2.47
[13] Hirschi, A., Herrmann, A., Nagy, N., & Spurk, D. (2016). All in the name of work? Nonwork orientations as predictors of salary, career satisfaction, and life satisfaction. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 95–96, 45–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2016.07.006
[14] Iqbal, S., Guohao, L., & Akhtar, S. (2017). Effects of Job Organizational Culture, Benefits, Salary on Job Satisfaction Ultimately Affecting Employee Retention. Review of Public Administration and Management, 05(03). https://doi.org/10.4172/2315-7844.1000229
[15] Kianto, A., Sáenz, J., & Aramburu, N. (2017). Knowledge-based human resource management practices, intellectual capital and innovation. Journal of Business Research, 81(December 2016), 11–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2017.07.018
[16] Lewis, S. (2015). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches. In Health Promotion Practice (Vol. 16, Issue 4). https://doi.org/10.1177/1524839915580941
[17] Mahmood, A., Akhtar, M. N., Talat, U., Shuai, C., & Hyatt, J. C. (2019). Specific HR practices and employee commitment: the mediating role of job satisfaction. Emerlard Insight, 41(3), 420–435. https://doi.org/10.1108/ER-03-2018-0074
[18] Manajemen, P. S., Ekonomi, F., & Mahendradatta, U. (2021). Abstrak Jurnal Satyagraha. 03(02), 28–48.
[19] Martinez-Sanchez, A., Perez-Perez, M., Vela-Jimenez, M. J., & Abella-Garces, S. (2018). Job satisfaction and work–family policies through work-family enrichment. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 33(4–5), 386–402. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMP-10-2017-0376
[20] Mon, M. D., Jasfar, F., & Arafah, W. (2019). The Effect of Organizational Structure , Organizational Strategy , and Change Management on Firm Performance with Organizational Commitments As Mediation Variables in Manufakturing Industries. International Journal of Research and Inovation in Social Science (IJRISS), III(X), 13–20.
[21] Ramadiani. (2017). STATISTIKA DESKRIPTIF Suprayogi Statistika Deskriptif. Statistika Deskriptif, 1–21.
[22] Rastogi, M., Karatepe, O. M., & Mehmetoglu, M. (2019). Linking resources to career satisfaction through work–family enrichment. Service Industries Journal, 39(11–12), 855–876. https://doi.org/10.1080/02642069.2018.1449835
[23] Sánchez-Sellero, M. C., Sánchez-Sellero, P., Cruz-González, M. M., & Sánchez-Sellero, F. J. (2017). Stability and satisfaction at work during the Spanish economic crisis. Prague Economic Papers, 26(1), 72–89. https://doi.org/10.18267/j.pep.596
[24] Tahir, U. (2016). Impact of Salary Structure , Employee Perception and Working Conditions on the Organizational Commitment in Sme. European Journal of Business and Management, 8(7), 64–72.
[25] Winda, O., Nayati, U. H., & Arik, P. (2017). Impact of Compensation and Career Development on Job Satisfaction. Rjoas, 4(4), 113–119.
[26] Xia-zi, S., Yan, W., Qian-wen, C., & Xia-zi, S. (2018). Research on the Impact of Salary Benefit on Employee Stability. 221(Ceed), 239–243. https://doi.org/10.2991/ceed-18.2018.50
[27] Yusup, F. (2018). Uji Validitas dan Reliabilitas Instrumen Penelitian Kuantitatif. Jurnal Tarbiyah : Jurnal Ilmiah Kependidikan, 7(1), 17–23. https://doi.org/10.18592/tarbiyah.v7i1.2100

Muhammad Donal Mon, Herianto Wiranata “Analysis of the Influence of Employee Salaries, Job Stability, Job Enrichment on Employee Commitment with Job Satisfaction as Mediation” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.234-238 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/234-238.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

The role of Self-Help Groups’ Structures in Uplifting the Livelihoods of Households in Nyakach Sub County of Kisumu County, Kenya
Paul Okello Atieno, George Moseh, Nicholas K. Ombachi- June 2021 – Page No.: 239-246

Joint liability lending strategy adopted by Self Help Groups (SHGs) has provided a panacea for financial exclusion previously associated with the rural poor. Access to SHG micro-credit by the rural poor enables acquisition of assets for improved production as well as food and better livelihood. However, poverty levels in some regions in Kenya remain high despite the existence of several SHGs. There were about 796 registered self-help groups in Nyakach Sub-County by December 2015. In the study area, poverty level had moved from 18% to 43% in the period up to 2019, representing 238% rise. The situation contradicts evidence from other developed countries across the globe especially parts of Asia and Europe which show that self-help groups have positive influence on the overall development of society. The purpose of the study was to explore how structures of SHGs influence livelihoods of households in Nyakach Sub County, Kenya. Specific objectives were to determine how types of SHGs influence livelihood of households; assess the influence SHG size has on the livelihood of households and to determine how objective based SHGs influence households’ livelihoods. The theory of Collective Action (CA) stipulating that mobilization of groups of vulnerable population to fight a common problem which has been overlooked by responsible public institutions guided the study. Descriptive design was employed on a target population of 9450 from which a sample size of 384 respondents was calculated via Yamane’s formula. Questionnaires and interview schedules were used to collect data from the SHG members whereas Key Informant interviews were used to collect data from Divisional Social Services Officers (DSSOs) who were non SHG members. Findings showed that financial and social capitals were the livelihood aspects highly influenced by structures of SHGs and the size and objective-based SHGs had high influence on livelihood of households. The influence of SHG structure on livelihood was significant but small (n=384; r = .427; p < 0.05). It was concluded that the influence of structure was not homogeneous. The study recommended that structures of SHGs should be aligned to contextual conditions of the household members.

Page(s): 239-246                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5610

 Paul Okello Atieno
Kisii University, Kenya

 George Moseh
Muranga University of Technology, Kenya

 Nicholas K. Ombachi
Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kenya

[1] Agrawal, N., Thakur, S. and Singh, R. (2016). Empowerment of women through self-help group: A case study. Progressive Research – An International Journal, 11 (2), 266-268
[2] Alison, E. and Nambiar, D. (2013). Collective action and women’s agency: A background paper. Women’s Voice, Agency and Participation Research Series 4.
[3] Atieno, P.O. (2017). Self Help Groups and household asset acquisition and income among women group members in Kisumu East Sub County, Kenya. Journal of Education and Practice, 8 (3), 21 – 27.
[4] Badejo, A.F., Majekodunmi, A.O, Kingsley, P., Smith, J. and Welburn, S.C. (2017). The impact of self- help groups on pastoral women’s empowerment and agency. A study in Nigeria. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice, 7(28), 1 – 12.
[5] Armendariz de Aghion, B., & Morduch, J. (2005). The economics of microfinance.Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
[6] Beaman, L., Karlan, D., Thuysbaert, B. and Udry, C. (2014). Self-Selection into Credit Markets: Evidence from Agriculture in Mali. National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Working Paper 20387.
[7] Bharamappanavara, S.C. and Jose, M. (2015). Group dynamics and collective performance of self-help groups under different microcredit delivery models in Karnataka. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 28 (1), 1 – 12.
[8] Braun, V. & Clarke, V. (2013). Using thematic analysis in Psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3 (2), 77-101.
[9] Carney, D. (1998). Implementing the sustainable rural livelihoods approach. Paper presented to the DfID Natural Resource Advisers’ Conference. London: Department for International Development.
[10] Creswell, J. (2012). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Qualitative and Quantitative Research (4th ed.). Boston: Pearson Education Inc
[11] Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approach. Handbook of mixed methods in social and behavioral research (pp 209-240) Thousand Oaks, Calfornia: SAGE Publications.
[12] Cronbach, L. J. (1970). Essentials of Psychological Testing (third edition). New York: Harper & Row.
[13] De Hoop, T, Brody, C, Tripathi, S, Vojtkova, M and Warnock, R, (2019). Economic self-help group programmes for improving women’s empowerment, 3ie Systematic Review Summary 11. London: International Initiative for Impact Evaluation(3ie).Available at: doi: http://doi.org/10.23846/SRS011.
[14] Fagan, P., Quinn-Gates, H., Rebsso, M. &Cromie, S. (2021). The Impact of self-help groups on the psychosocial well-being of female members in Ethiopia.
[15] Feroze, S.M., Chauhan, A.K., Malhotra, R. and Kadian, K.S. (2011). Factors influencing group repayment performance in Haryana: Application of Tobit Model. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 24, 57-65.
[16] Haile, H. B., Bock, B., &Folmer, H. (2012). Microfinance and female empowerment: Do institutions matter? Women’s Studies International Forum, 35(4), 256–265.
[17] Hossain, M., Maleky, M.A., Hossain, A., Reza, H. and Ahmed, S. (2016). Impact assessment of credit program for tenant farmers in Bangladesh: Evidence from a field experiment. CIRJE Discussion Papers: http://www.cirje.e.u-tokyo.ac.jp/research/03research02dp.html
[18] Israel, G. (2012). Determining Sample Size. EDIS Website. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu
[19] Kaur, L. and Bajwa, H.S. (2016). Rural Development – Self Help Group success story. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 14(1), 1-9.
[20] Kumar, C. R. (2005). Research Methodology. New Delhi: APH Publishing Corporation.
[21] Mushumbusi, P. K. and Kratzer, J. (2013). Empowering women through microfinance: Evidence from Tanzania. ACRN Journal of Entrepreneurship Perspectives, 2 (1), 31-59.
[22] Nithyanandhan, S.H. and Mansor, N. (2015). Self Help Groups and Women’s Empowerment. Institutions and Economies: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283026425.
[23] Nunnaly, J.C. (1978) Psychometric Theory (2nd ed) New York: McGraw-Hill
[24] Ofuan. J. I. &Izien. F. O. (2016). Firm Age, Size and Profitability Dynamics: A Test of Learning by Doing and Structural Inertia Hypotheses. Business and Management Research, 5, (1), 64 – 79.
[25] Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
[26] Polit, D.F. and Beck, C.T. (2006). The Content Validity Index: Are you sure you know what’s being reported? Critique and recommendations. Research in Nursing & Health, 29, 489–497.
[27] Rahman, S. and Akter, S. (2014). Determinants of livelihood choices: an empirical analysis from rural Bangladesh. Journal of South Asian Development, 9(3), 287-308.
[28] Rathinam, U and Victor, U.D. (2014). Dairy Dependent Self -Help Groups in Pondicherry: A tool for Economic Empowerment. International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research, 3 (2), 407 – 414.
[29] Republic of Kenya (2010). Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, 2013-2018. Nairobi: Central Bureau of Statistics.
[30] Republic of Kenya (2013). Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, 2013-2018. Nairobi: Central Bureau of Statistics
[31] Republic of Kenya (2019). Nyakach District Development Plan. Nairobi: Central Bureau of Statistics.
[32] Scoones, I. (2009). Livelihoods perspectives and rural development. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 36, 171-196.
[33] Stella, B., Aggrey, N. and Eseza, K. (2014). Firm size and rate of growth of Ugandan manufacturing firms.Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, 4 (3), 178- 188.
[34] Tiwari, A. and Arora, J. (2015). Why are the Self Help Groups (SHGs) in decline? A case study of SHGs in Gurgaon. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 5 (1), 77 – 86.
[35] Ugbomeh, G.M.M., Achoja, F.O., Ideh, V. and Ofuoku, A.U. (2008). Determinants of loan repayment performance among women self-help groups in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 73 (3), 189-195.
[36] Yamane, T. (1967): Statistics: An Introductory Analysis. 2nd Edition. New York: Harper and Row

Paul Okello Atieno, George Moseh, Nicholas K. Ombachi “The role of Self-Help Groups’ Structures in Uplifting the Livelihoods of Households in Nyakach Sub County of Kisumu County, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.239-246 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5610

Download PDF

pdf

A Logistic Regression Model to Identify Factors Influencing Secondary School Students’ University Attendance Decision in the Southern Part of Sierra Leone

Regina Baby Sesay- June 2021 Page No.: 247-259

University education does not only increase earnings by providing skills that increase the chance of employment opportunities, but also promotes the economic growth of the country concern. For a developing country like Sierra Leone, a step to attain university education is a step towards moving away from poverty. It is therefore the desire of each and every parent to see their children through university level education. However, there are some unavoidable factors that may influence the ability and desire of provincial secondary (high) school students to further their education to university level. In Sierra Leone today, despite the increasing number of school dropouts, no clear-cut research has been carried out to address this great issue of concern. This research work, therefore, used a binary logistic regression modelling technique to identify the main factors influencing students’ decision to attend a university of their choice after secondary (or high) school education. For this purpose, a stratified random sampling method was employed to select 363 respondents proportionately from each of the secondary schools in the Mokonde community, Korie chiefdom, Moyamba District, southern part of Sierra Leone. Data were collected from the selected respondents using structured questionnaires. To further ascertain the appropriateness of the chosen binary logistic regression model, two additional regression models, the proportional odd ordinal logistic regression model and the unconstrained partial proportional odd ordinal logistic regression model were also used in the analysis. However, statistical tests showed that the chosen binary logistic regression model outperformed the two ordinal regression models. Based on the result of the empirical analysis, the gender of the secondary (high) school student; the father’s income level; the mother’s income level; the annual average score and the number of study hours are the main factors influencing student’s university attendance decision in the study area. Male secondary (or high) school students are more likely to attend university than their female counterparts. High school students whose fathers are on a high level income scale are more likely to attend university than those whose fathers are on the low level income scale. Also, the higher the average score of the secondary school student the greater the possibility of the student to enter university and above all, the more hours the student spends on studying his or her academic work, the greater the possibility for the student to enter university.

Page(s): 247-259                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5611

 Regina Baby Sesay
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, School of Technology, Njala University, Njala, Sierra Leone

[1] Ahawo, H. (2009). Factors Enhancing Student Academic Performance in Public Mixed Day
[2] Bell, K. L, Allen, J. P., Mauser, S. T., & O’Conner, T. G. (1996). Family factors and young adults transitions: Educational attainment and occupational prestige..
[3] Colclough C, Rose P and Tembon M (2000) Gender inequalities in primary schooling: The roles of poverty and adverse cultural practice. International Journal of Educational Development 20(1): 5–27
[4] Considine, G. &Zappala, G. (2002). Influence of social and economic disadvantage in the academic performance of school students in Australia. Journal of Sociology, 38, 129-148.
[5] D. E. Ukpong & I. N. George (2013), Length of Study-Time Behaviour and Academic Achievement of Social Studies Education Students in the University of Uyo, International Education Studies; Vol. 6, No. 3; 2013 ISSN 1913-9020 E-ISSN 1913-9039
[6] Galambos, N. L., & Silbereisen, R. K. (1987). Income change, parental life outlook, and adolescent expectations for job success. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 49, 141-149.
[7] Gbore, A. (2006). Factor Wondering Effective Study Habits Among Students: A Hand Book for Students in Colleges and Universities. Nakuru: Egerton Publishing
[8] Hagiwara Y, Reynolds I. (2015) In Japan, 1 in 6 children lives in poverty, putting education, future at stake. The Japan Times. September 10, 2015;Sect. National/Social Issues. images/0019/001907/190771.
[9] Jeynes, W. H. (2002). Examining the effects of parental absence on the academic achievement of adolescents: The challenge of controlling for family income. Journal of family and Economic Issues, 23 (2), 65-78.
[10] Koç, Y., Terzioğlu, E. A., Kayalar, F. (2018). Examination of individual achievement motivation and general self-efficacy of candidates entering into special talent exam in physical education and sports sciences. Journal of Sports and Performance Researches, 9(2), 64–73.
[11] Logunmak in, G. F. (2001). Predicting the academic success of students from diverse populations. Journal of College Student Retention, 2(4), 295-311.
[12] McCullagh P, Nelder JA (1989), Generalized Linear Models New York: Chapman and Hall
[13] Oloo, M.A. (2003). Gender disparity in student Achievement in day secondary schools. Migori: Maseno University
[14] Peduzzi, P, Concato, J, Kemper, E, et al. A simulation study of the number of events per variable in logistic regression analysis. J Clin Epidemiol 1996; 49: 1373–1379
[15] Sabates R, Akyeampong K, Westbrook J, et al. (2011) School dropout: Patterns, causes, changes and policies. Education for All Global Monitoring Report. Available at: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/

Regina Baby Sesay, “A Logistic Regression Model to Identify Factors Influencing Secondary School Students’ University Attendance Decision in the Southern Part of Sierra Leone” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.247-259 June 2021  DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5611

Download PDF

pdf

An assessment on the Provision, Quality and Adequacy of School Welfare Facilities in Lusaka

Kaiko Mubita – June 2021 Page No.: 260-267

This paper assessed the provision, quality and adequacy of welfare facilities in selected schools of Lusaka city. The study used descriptive survey design. To this effect, 5 schools were sampled to participate in this study. Data was collected using focus group discussions and unstructured observation. Data analysis was done through thematic content analysis. The findings revealed that welfare facilities were positively associated with teachers’ and pupils’ performance in schools. The study, therefore, recommended that education policy makers, implementers and all stakeholders must pay much attention to the provision of welfare facilities in schools to cater for teachers, pupils and other school staff. These welfare facilities include clean drinking water, sanitary conveniences, eating facilities, change rooms and so on. More so, these welfare facilities should be adequate and of quality to the users in relation to population of a given school.

Page(s): 260-267                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 July 2021

 Kaiko Mubita
The University of Zambia, School of Education, Department of Language and Social Sciences Education

[1] Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2007). Research methods in education (6th Ed.). London: Rutledge
[2] Creswell, J.M. (1994). Research design: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. California: Sage
[3] Ferrett, Eand Hughes, P. (2007). Introduction to Health and Safety at Work. Third edition. The handbook for students on NEBOSH and other introductory H&S courses pages 23-27
[4] Herzberg, F (1959). The Motivation to Work. Print. Turabian (6th Ed.)
[5] Health and Safety Executive (2020), Welfare Facilities at Work. https://www.hse.gov.uk › health-safety Accessed on 7/05/21
[6] Institute of Medicine (1997). Schools and Health: Our National Investment. Washington DC. Natioanl Press Academy Press.
[7] Jaskiewicz, W., K., Tulenko (2012). Increasing community health worker productivity and effectiveness: a review of the influence of the work environment, Human Resources Health, 10, p. 2-9.
[8] Jones, H. (1983) Employers’ Welfare Schemes and Industrial Relations in Inter-War Britain, Business History, 25, pp. 61-75.
[9] Mubita, K. (2016). Barriers to effective safety and health management at Sefula secondary school in western Zambia. Asian Journal of Management Sciences & Education Vol. 5(4) October 2016, pp 88-95
[10] Mubita, K., Milupi, I., Monde, P. N and Simooya, S.M. (2020). A Proposed Holistic Approach to Fire Safety Management in Zambian Markets.International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education (IJHSSE), Vol 7, no. 11, 2020, pp. 93-101 doi: https://doi.org/10.20431 /2349-0381.0711011
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (1998). Assessing Occupational Safety and Health Training. A Literature Review. 4676 Columbia Parkway Cincinnati, Ohio 45226-1998
[11] Mubita, K., Phiri, T. K., Monde, P.N. and Simooya, S.M. (2016). Safety and Health Issues in Selected Schools of Chibombo District in Central Province of Zambia.International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education (IJHSSE) Volume 27, Issue 8, Pages 1993-1998. doi.org/10.20431/2349-0381.0310010
[12] Servais, J., M. (2009) International Labour Organization. ielaws.com. ielaws.com.
[13] Shinn, M. Toohey, S., M. (2003). Community contexts of human welfare, Annual Review of Psychology, 54, pp. 427-459.
[14] UNICEF (2018) Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Schools: Global baseline reportNew York: United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and World Health Organization, 2018
[15] United Nations. (1989). Convention on the Rights of the Child. Treaty Series, 1577, 3
[16] UN General Assembly, Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, 21 October 2015, A/RES/70/1, available at: https://www.refworld.org/docid/57b6e3e44.html [accessed 8 June 2021]
[17] World Health Organisation. (2004). Promoting Mental Health. A Report of the World Health Organization, The University of Melbourne
[18] World Health Organisation. (2016). The situation of water, sanitation and hygiene in schools in the pan-European region. UN City, Marmorvej 51, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
[19] World Health Organization. (2009). Water, sanitation and hygiene links to health. Facts and figures. WHO, Geneva. Available at http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/facts2004/en/index.html

Kaiko Mubita “An assessment on the Provision, Quality and Adequacy of School Welfare Facilities in Lusaka ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.260-267 June 2021  URL : https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/260-267.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

On the Myth and Magic of Apparitions: A Study Based on Mother Mary’s Church in Sri Lanka
Surani Fernando and K.A.A. N Thilakarathna- June 2021 – Page No.: 268-279

The design of this research article is to bring about the overall understanding about a Christian Religious myth on Mother Mary’s appearances or magical revelations at churches to people and how these revelations impacted in creating new religious dogmas. These revelations are being experienced in all over the world from small scale to large scale including Sri Lanka and how people have absorbed these beliefs leading to social changes. The article gives an explanation on the root causes and other reasons that lead to a religious belief or a dogma. The article is constructed contrasting and the connections with the thoughts abided with Mother Mary’s revelations to people. The essay is a qualitative descriptive analysis. The Methodology used is epistemological.

Page(s): 268-279                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 July 2021

 Surani Fernando
B.A, M.SOC (Sociology), University of Colombo, Sri Lanka

 K.A.A. N Thilakarathna
LL.B. (Colombo) LL.M. (KDU), Attorney at Law, Lecturer, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka

[1] Althsussar, L.1971. New Ideology and Ideological State Apparatus.USA: Maple Press.
[2] Asad, T. 1993. The Construction of Religion as an Anthropological category. The John Hopkins University Press.
[3] Arsmstrong, K. 1993. A History of God. New York: Random House Galantine Books pp. 357
[4] A Guide to Apparitions of Our Blessed Virgin Mary Equate Sur Les Apparitions De La Vierge.
[5] Bennet , J. S. 2012. When the Sun Danced, Myth, Miracles and Modernity in Early Twentieth-Century Portugal. London: University of Virginia Press Charlottesville ISBN – 978-0- 8139-3250-7
[6] Balasooriya , T. 1997. Mary and Human Liberation The story and the Text. ISBN 0264674596
[7] Bialystole University Faculty of History and Sociology the Religious Studies Review 2010
[8] Census and Statistics Records, Department of Census and Statistics. Carmel Seth Phana Church Records.
[9] Durkhiem, E. 1954. The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. New York: The Free Press.
[10] De Silva, Premakumara 2012. Beyond the Sacred Journey: Pilgrimage Practices at the Temple of Sri Pada Social Scientists Association: University of Colombo
[11] Davis, K.1959. The Myth of Functional Analysis as a Special Method in Sociology and Anthropology American Sociological Review: American Sociological Association.
[12] Divisional secretariat Records, 2012
[13] Freud, S. 1933,1913. New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis: Hogarth Press Martino Publishing ISBN16-1427-4649, Totem and Taboo 1913 Peacon Press , The Future of an Illusion1927, Civilization and its Discontents 1938, Moses and Monotheism 1939, Obsessive Actions and Religious Practices 1907, The Psychopathology of Everyday Life 1901, Psychosexual Development 1905.
[14] Fuebach, L. 2014. The Essence of Religion Literary Licensing LLC ISBN: 1479 4239X.
[15] Foley, D.A. 2002. Marian Apparition, The Bible and the Modern World Last five centuries French and Russian Revolution Rise of Nazism. England: Gracewing, Herefordshire ISBN 0852443137.
[16] Gombrich, R., & Obeysekara G.1988. Buddhism Transformed: Religious Change in Sri Lanka. New Delhi, USA: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers pvt Ltd.
[17] Holy Bible King James Version 2013: John 20:24-29 1 John 4:1, 2 Corinthians 11:14-15, Romans 5:1, The Book of Revelations, Exodus 20: 1-12.
[18] Halemba, A. 2015. Negotiation Marian Apparitions: The Politics of Religion Ukraine. New York: Central European Press Budapest ISBN 978- 615-5053-36-8.
[19] Inkles, A. 2013. Becoming Modern: Individual change in six developing countries. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0674499336
[20] Lewis, C. S. 2012. The Rationalization of Miracles, Stanford University California.
[21] Lankadeepa Newspaper, 1998 August 28th.
[22] Mircea, E. M. 1976. A History: Religious Ideas From the Stone age to the Eleuisnian Mysteries. University of Chicago Press, The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion. University of South Africa: Mifflin Harcourt Trade and Reference Publishers ISBN 13: 978-0- 15- 679201-1
[23] Marx, K. 1848. The Communist Manifesto Germany, Das Kapital ISBN 978-80-268-9283-0
[24] 1973, Society and Social Change. Chicago &London: University of Chicago Press ISBN 0-226-50918-4, On Religion 1955 New York: Devor Publications Mineola ISBN -13: 978-0-486-45450- 4, Introduction to a contribution to the critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right collected works : New York
[25] Mac Donell, A. A 2000. Vedic Mythology Munshiram Manoharalal Publishers Re-print of the German classic 1897 ISBN 108121509491
[26] Halemba, A. 2015. Negotiation Marian Apparitions: The Politics of Religion Ukraine. New York: Central European Press Budapest ISBN 978- 615-5053-36-8.
[27] Inkles, A. 2013. Becoming Modern: Individual change in six developing countries. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0674499336
[28] Lewis, C. S. 2012. The Rationalization of Miracles, Stanford University California.
[29] Lankadeepa Newspaper, 1998 August 28th.
[30] Mircea, E. M. 1976. A History: Religious Ideas From the Stone age to the Eleuisnian Mysteries. University of Chicago Press, The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion. University of South Africa: Mifflin Harcourt Trade and Reference Publishers ISBN 13: 978-0- 15- 679201-1
[31] Marx, K. 1848. The Communist Manifesto Germany, Das Kapital ISBN 978-80-268-9283-0 1973, Society and Social Change. Chicago &London: University of Chicago Press ISBN 0-226-50918-4, On Religion 1955 New York: Devor Publications Mineola ISBN -13: 978-0-486-45450- 4, Introduction to a contribution to the critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right collected works : New York
[32] Mac Donell, A. A 2000. Vedic Mythology Munshiram Manoharalal Publishers Re-print of the German classic 1897 ISBN 108121509491
[33] Fr. Mihiran. I. 2018. Mother Mary the Model of Faith, Love and Hope. Catholic Messenger.Pp11
[34] Obeysekara. G. 1984. The cult of Goddess Pattini. USA: University of Chicago Press ISBN 0226616029, Medusa’s Hair: An Essay on Personal symbols and Religious Experiences.
[35] Prem Nivasa Mother Theresa Missionaries Records.
[36] Sister Bertha’s notes on the Apparitions of the church Prem Nivasa “Mother Theresa Missionaries” Rawathawattha.
[37] Sriven,J. et.al Mayo Clinic 2007. Seizures among public figures: Lessons Learned from the Epilepsy of Pope Pius 1X
[38] Stiraat, R.L Power and Religiosity in a Post Colonial setting School of African Asian Studies. Cambridge: University of Sussex University Press.
[39] Swartz, L. Z. 1994. Encountering Mary: From La Saletle to Mediugorje ISBN 9781400861637
[40] Saadawi, N.E. 1980. The Hidden Face of Eve: Women in the Arab World.United Kingdom: Zed Books Ltd: ISBN: 978- 1- 78360- 747-1.
[41] Turner, E. 2012. Communitas: The Anthropology of collective Joy Contemporary Anthropology of Religion.USA: Palgrave Mc Millan, ISBN 1137016426.
[42] University of Dayton Ohio Marian Apparition Directory.
[43] Dr Umesh, C. 2018 Holy Rosary: A Powerful weapon against the Evil. 20th May Pp18.
[44] Visionaries World Congress 1993 Poland.
[45] Varghese, R. A. 2011. God Sent: A History of the Accredited Apparitions of Mary. Crossroad Publishing Company ISBN 0824526511.
[46] Weber, M. 1984. Recent Research on Max Webber’s studies of Hinduism papers submitted to a conference held in New Delhi, 1952 Ancient Judaism.New York: Free Press Mc Milan Publishing Co.., Inc, 1963 The Sociology of Religion USA: Beacon Press ISBN 0807042056 9780807042052, 1958 The Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons ISBN 9780486122373.
[47] Woodhead,L., & Partige,C.,& Kawanami, H. 2016. Religions in the Modern World Traditions and Transformation. New York: Routeledge ISBN: 978-0- 415- 85880-9.

Surani Fernando and K.A.A. N Thilakarathna “On the Myth and Magic of Apparitions: A Study Based on Mother Mary’s Church in Sri Lanka” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.268-279 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/268-279.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

School Facilities and Infrastructure Management in Improving Education Quality
Felia Santika, Sowiyah, Umigiarini Pangestu and Mutiara Nurahlaini- June 2021 – Page No.: 280-285

The purpose of this study is to know the Management of School Facilities and Infrastructure in Improving the Quality of Education. This study uses a comparison journal related to Facilities and Infrastructure in the field of education. Based on the results of a review of libraries from various countries in the world, the authors found that school facilities and infrastructure can improve the quality of education. Therefore, the school is expected to manage the facilities and pre-retirement in meeting the needs. Facilities and infrastructure greatly affect the ability of students in the learning process. It can be said that quality school facilities and infrastructure help attract and retain teachers, support improved student outcomes, and have a positive economic impact on the community. And it can be known that complete school facilities and infrastructure can determine the number of students. Therefore, the role of facilities and infrastructure is very important to attract the attention of the community so that the school has fans. The importance of school facilities and pre-retirement management in improving the quality of education attracts researchers to review, and this article to test how the management of facilities and infrastructure in improving the quality of education.

Page(s): 280-285                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5612

 Felia Santika
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

 Sowiyah
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

 Umigiarini Pangestu
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

 Mutiara Nurahlaini
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

Akareem, H. S., & Hossain, S. S. (2012). Perception of education quality in private universities of Bangladesh: a study from students’ perspective. 22(1), 11-33. doi:10.1080/08841241.2012.705792
[2] Akhihiero, E. T. (2011). Effect of inadequate infrastructural facilities on academic performance of students Of Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. Paper presented at the The Nigerian Academic Forum.
[3] Alkadri, H., Ningrum, T. A., Santoso, Y., & Afriansyah, H. (2017). Essentiality of Management of Facilities and Infrastructure toward a Number of Students of Early Years Institution. Paper presented at the International Conference of Early Childhood Education (ICECE 2017).
[4] Amsterdam, C. (2010). School Infrastructure in South Africa: Views and experiences of educators and learners. Paper presented at the Conference Paper: International Conference on Education.
[5] Amsterdam, C. (2013). School Infrastructure in South Africa: Views and experiences of educators and learners. In.
[6] Bhunia, G. S., Shit, P. K., & Dubai, S. (2012). Assessment of school infrastructure at primary and upper primary level: A geospatial analysis. Journal of Geographic Information System, 4(05), 412. doi:10.4236/jgis.2012.45047
[7] Chansopheak, K. (2009). Basic education in Cambodia: Quality and equity. In The political economy of educational reforms and capacity development in Southeast Asia (pp. 131-152): Springer.
[8] Darmastuti, H. (2014). Manajemen Sarana dan Prasarana dalam Upaya Peningkatan Kualitas Pembelajaran pada Jurusan Teknik Komputer dan Informatika di SMK Negeri 2 Surabaya. Inspirasi Manajemen Pendidikan, 3(3).
[9] Herwan, H., Aswandi, A., & Chiar, M. (2018). The Role of School Committee in Supporting The Fulfillment of Education Facilities and Infrastructure. Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning, 3(2), 282-287.
[10] Jannah, M. (2010). Optimalisasi manajemen sarana dan prasarana dalam meningkatkan mutu pembelajaran di SMP Nasima Semarang. IAIN Walisongo, Retrieved from http://eprints.walisongo.ac.id/id/eprint/4716
[11] Jannah, S. R. (2013). Karakteristik Dan Spektrum Manajemen Pendidikan Islam. Al-Fikrah: Jurnal Kependidikan Islam IAIN Sulthan Thaha Saifuddin, 4.
[12] Kok, H. B., Mobach, M. P., & Omta, O. S. (2011). The added value of facility management in the educational environment. Journal of Facilities Management, 9(4), 249-265. doi:10.1108/14725961111170662
[13] Kumar, K. J. C. E. D. (2010). Quality in education: Competing concepts. 7(1), 7-18. doi:10.1177/0973184913411197
[14] Marmoah, S., Adela, D., & Fauziah, m. (2019). Implementation of facilities and infrastructure management in public elementary schools. Al-Tanzim: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 3(1), 102-134. doi:10.33650/al-tanzim.v3i1.507
[15] Mokoginta, H. E. (2012). Implementasi Manajemen Mutu Terpadu Dalam Peningkatan Kualitas Pendidikan Tinggi. Prosiding APTEKINDO, 6(1).
[16] Murillo, F. J., Román, M. J. S. e., & improvement, s. (2011). School infrastructure and resources do matter: analysis of the incidence of school resources on the performance of Latin American students. 22(1), 29-50. doi:10.1080/09243453.2010.543538
[17] Ndirangu, M., & Udoto, M. O. (2011). Quality of learning facilities and learning environment: Challenges for teaching and learning in Kenya’s public universities. Quality Assurance in Education, 19(3), 208-223. doi:10.1108/09684881111158036
[18] Nurbaiti, N. (2015). Manajemen Sarana dan Prasarana Sekolah. Manajer Pendidikan, 9(4).
[19] Pahlevi, R., Imron, A., & Kusumaningrum, D. E. (2016). Manajemen saranan dan prasarana untuk meningkatkan mutu penbelajaran. Manajemen Pendidikan, 25(1), 88-94.
[20] Pratasavitskaya, H., & Stensaker, B. r. (2010). Quality management in higher education: towards a better understanding of an emerging field. Quality in Higher Education, 16(1), 37-50. doi:10.1080/13538321003679465
[21] Purwadhi, M. J. M. S. L. (2019). The role of education management, learning teaching and institutional climate on quality of education: evidence from Indonesia. 9(9), 1507-1518. doi: 10.5267/j.msl.2019.5.002
[22] Sholihah, N. K. (2019). Management of Education Facilities and Infrastructure. Paper presented at the 3rd International Conference on Education Innovation (ICEI 2019).
[23] Vincent, J. M. (2006). Public schools as public infrastructure: Roles for planning researchers. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 25(4), 433-437. doi:10.1177/0739456X06288092
[24] Vincent, J. M. (2012). California’s K-12 educational infrastructure investments: Leveraging the state’s role for quality school facilities in sustainable communities.
[25] Wagner, D. A. J. (2010). Quality of education, comparability, and assessment choice in developing countries. 40(6), 741-760. doi:10.1080/03057925.2010.523231
[26] Yuniawan, P. J., Wahyudi, & Chiar, M. (2020). Manajemen Sarana dan Prasarana untuk Meningkatkan Mutu Pendidikan di Smk NegeriI 1 Sintang. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa, 9(1).
[27] Zhirnova, G. I., & Absalyamova, S. G. (2013). Global innovation gap and quality of education. Paper presented at the 2013 International Conference on Interactive Collaborative Learning (ICL).

Felia Santika, Sowiyah, Umigiarini Pangestu and Mutiara Nurahlaini “School Facilities and Infrastructure Management in Improving Education Quality” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.280-285 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5612

Download PDF

pdf

The State and the Processes for the Resolution of Chieftaincy Disputes: Taraba State Model
Williams A. Ahmed-Gamgum – June 2021 – Page No.: 286-302

Traditional institutions and rulers have played important roles in development administration of States in Africa. But the politics of each community has also made the institutions not to be free from some kinds of conflicts and the multiplier effects of such conflicts. Consequently, modern government has not ignored the traditional institutions as part of its development programs to ensure that no community under-develops itself and indeed the State as a result of conflict. State Governments in Nigeria have put in place structures and process to follow in resolving chieftaincy disputes. This paper is interested to find out the structure for administering chieftaincy institutions and the path for resolving chieftaincy disputes in Taraba State. The paper sourced its data from secondary and primary sources. The paper finds that whereas there is an elaborate system and machinery for conflict resolution, but some Chieftaincy disputes become protracted before they were resolve and some are still taking longer time to resolve in spite of the political efficacy of the elites in the State. Therefore with the creation of many graded chiefdoms as a measure to resolve Chieftaincy demands and disputes, both the communities that still have outstanding disputes, the Government and people should cooperate, and on the bases of equity and due process in matters of Native law and Custom resolve chieftaincy disputes to serve as deterrent to deviants. This would enable both old and new chiefs to settle down as agents of peace and development administration.

Page(s): 286-302                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 July 2021

 Williams A. Ahmed-Gamgum
Consultancy Services Unit, Taraba State Polytechnic Suntai, Jalingo Campus, P.O. Box 834, Jalingo Post Code: 660262

[1] Ahmed-Gamgum A.W. (2020). Rationalizing the creation of chiefdoms, and organizational structure of traditional rulers in Taraba State. Journal of Science Engineering & Management (JOSEM) 1(1) ISSN 2659-0786
[2] Ahmed-Gamgum, A. W. (2000). The management of communal conflicts in Nigeria: a case study a study of Kuteb and Chamba-Jukun Conflicts in Takum Chiefdom, Taraba State. A thesis submitted in the Department of Political Science Faculty of Social Sciences School of Postgraduate Studies University Jos, in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of a degree of Master in Public Administration of the University of Jos.
[3] Ahmed-Gamgum, A.W. (2016). Understanding local government administration in Nigeria. Taraba State University Press.
[4] Alo, L.K. (2014). The role of the court in chieftaincy dispute resolution in Yoruba land, 1933 – 1957 Journal of History and Diplomatic Studies 10(1) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jhds/article/view/119820
[5] Angyenaum-Duah, B. (1997). Managing chieftaincy and land conflicts https://www.africaportal.org
[6] Association of Concerned Citizens of Kpambo, Ussa LGA (20th June 2018). Complain on the submission By Hon Commissioner of Justice and Petition by Kwe Solomon Joro on the Appointment of a 3rd Class Chief (Kwe) of Kpambo Chiefdom which is Contrary to the Existing Native Law and Custom of Kpambo.
[7] Boakye, P.A. (2016). Chieftaincy conflicts in Ghana. https://prism.ucalgary.ca>uc.
Retrieved 20 April 2021
[8] Boakye, P.A. (2019). Explaining chieftaincy conflict using historical institutionalsim: a case study of Ga Mashie chieftaincy conflict in Ghana https://www.tandfonline.com Retrieved 20 April 2021
[9] Bolaji, M. H. A. (2016). Beneath politicization: the unacknowledged constitutional crisis in the Dagbon succession conflict in Ghana. The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 48(2) Published online: 17 May 2016
[10] Bukari, K.N. (2016). A concomitant of conflict and consensus: case of a chieftaincy succession in Ghana
[11] Canada Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (October 2 2013) Ghana: State involvement in Chieftaincy Matters including State protection available for people involved in Chieftaincy disputes. https://www.refword.org/docid 542955864.html Retrieved 8 May 2021
[12] Federal Government of Nigeria (1999). The 1999 Constitution of Federal Republic (As Amended)
[13] Gbadebo, B,, Chima, P., & Mibzar, B. (5 July 2013). Nigeria: staying power of longest-serving monarchs in the north https://allafrica.com/stories/201307050203.html
[14] Gongola State Government (1985). The report of investigative panel on the activities of the chief of Takum Vol. 1 March
[15] Hallah, T. (31 October 2003). Nigeria: Emir of Muri Crises Resolved-Nyame Daily Trust & https:allafrica.com/stories/200310310756.htm retrieved 25th May 2020
[16] Hobsbawm, E. (1994). Introduction: inventing traditions In Hobsbawm, E.J. & Rangers, T. (Eds.) The invention of tradition. Cambridge University Press. http://ps1424.cankaya.edu.tr Retrieved 20 April 2021.
[17] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Content_analysis
[18] https://ISSU.com/73092/docs/b1_ed793bfge5f61
[19] Kuteb Yatso of Nigeria (09/08/2020). Memorandum to the Judicial Commission of Inquiry into crises between Tiv and their neighboring Communities in Taraba State and other matters related thereto. Registered with the Commission as JCOI/50M/2020
[20] Ladouceur, P (2014). The Yendi Chieftaincy Dispute and Ghanaian Politics. Canadian Journal of African Studies / Revue canadienne des étudesafricaines 6(1), 10 Mar 2014
[21] Magaji, I. (14 Oct 2015). Masquerades invade Kpanti Palace sack mourners. PressReader.com nigeria >daily-trust
[22] Microsoft Encarta Dictionary 2009).
[23] Miles, W.F.S. (1993). Studies in comparative international development September 1993, 28, (3), pp 31–50. Cite as https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02687120)
[24] Mkam, M. (Tuesday October 6, 2015). Calm as Taraba names acting Zing Emir. p8 Peoples Daily
[25] Nachinaab, J.O. & Azumah F.A, (d. n. a.). Chieftaincy and its effects on women and children: A case study of Bawku Municipality, Ghana In International Journal of humanity and social studies ISSN 2321-9203www.theijhss.com; Research Gate>publication> 325972363_Cert_Chieftaincy retrieved 8/05/2021
[26] Northern Nigeria Government (1963a). Laws of Northern Nigeria, Native Authority CAP 77
[27] Northern Nigeria Government (1963b). Chiefs (Appointment and Deposition Law) CAP 20 of 1963
[28] Office of the Executive Governor Press Statement June 26 2020 on the appointment of Gara Donga signed by Hassan Mijinyawa Press Secretary
[29] Prah M. &Yeboah, A. (2011), Tuobodom chieftaincy conflict in Ghana: a review and analysis In Journal of Pan African Studies 4 (3) 20+https://go.gale.com
[30] Premium Times Nigeria (6 Nov 2015). Taraba Government announces Suleiman Sambo as new Emir of Zing
[31] Ranger, T. (1994). The Invention of Tradition in Colonial Africa In Hobsbawm, E.J. and Rangers, T. (Eds) The Invention of Tradition. (Cambridge University Press. http://ps1424.cankaya.edu.tr Retrieved 20 April 2021
[32] Saidu, I.J. (2015). The roles and the challenges of Traditional rulers in Land conflicts and Management in Nigeria: a case Study of Bauchi State in Nigeria. https.//www.oicrf.org/-/the roles- Retrieved 05/03/2020
[33] Sangari, I. (2005). Showers of Blessing. Publisher (na)
[34] Sangari, I. (May 2009). My Role in the Takum Chieftaincy Palaver P30-31 NEWSPOINTER Newspaper
[35] Supreme Court of Nigeria (1997). .Abubakar Umaru Abba Tukur VS. The Government of Taraba State & ORS 1997 case number 143/1996)
[36] Takum Native Authority Council Minute of Meeting of 1 January 1976
[37] Taraba State Government (2006). Administrative commission of inquiry into the newly created chiefdoms /emirates and districts in taraba state main report December 2006.
[38] Taraba State Government (2012). Mambilla Chiefdom (Reconstitution) Order 2012
[39] Taraba State Government (23 July 2020). Gov. Ishaku Receives New Traditional Ruler of Donga
[40] Taraba State Government Chiefs (Appointment and Deposition) Law CAP 26 (1997)
[41] Taraba State Government Council of Traditional Law No 7 of 2010
[42] Taraba State Government Local Government Law (2000).
[43] The Nation January 16, 2013). Peace Returns as Mambilla gets new king. https://thenationonlineng.net/peace.returns-as-mambilla-gets-new-king Retrieved 8th April 2021.

Williams A. Ahmed-Gamgum “The State and the Processes for the Resolution of Chieftaincy Disputes: Taraba State Model” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.286-302 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/286-302.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Procrastination Attitude of the Senior High School Students in Modular Distance Learning Modality
Gel Marie B. Tiboron, Dr. Ronald S. Decano, Mark Van M. Buladaco- June 2021 – Page No.: 303-308

Nowadays, especially in modular modality, students tend to procrastinate or to delay a certain work that needs to be accomplished on a certain deadline. It is a behavioral problem that occurs in every individual. The research design of this study utilized the phenomenological method to determine the Procrastination attitude of the students in a modular distance learning modality in The Rizal Memorial Colleges, Inc. The participants of this study composed of 10 Senior High School students. The data obtained identified emergent themes clustered into three, namely: Diligence, Honesty, and Hope. Based on the results, one of the existing behaviors that any person could have, with or without their knowledge, and became the major problem of everyone, especially to every student, is procrastination. With this, the implications to the teachers were to provide motivations towards their students in order to banish procrastination.

Page(s): 303-308                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5613

 Gel Marie B. Tiboron
Graduate Student, Doctor of Philosophy in Educational Management, Davao del Norte State College

 Dr. Ronald S. Decano
Dean, Institute of Advanced Studies, Davao del Norte State College

 Mark Van M. Buladaco
Dean, Institute of Computing, Davao del Norte State College

[1] Abi Bagnes, 2014, procrastination among students, (https://www.scribd.com/document/257003979/Procrastination-Among-High-School-Students-docx?fbclid=IwAR05pcp2hJKysNZPsYHUb0aYoA6XY-beH26rOoBqdinCaicTwa-ccdEffIQ), Dec, 23 2019
[2] AlexM.Eduque,2017,TheYouthToday,https://news.mb.com.ph/2017/02/17/the-youth-today), December 2, 2019
[3] Andrea Jessa D. Reyes, 2017, 9 Reasons Why You Should Study Hard, (http://udyong.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9295%3A9-reasons-why-you-should-study-hard-5798&catid=90&Itemid=1267), December 1, 2019
[4] Becton Loveless, 2019, 10 Habits of Highly Effective Students, (https://www.educationcorner.com/habits-of-successful-students.html), December 1, 2019
[5] Boge, Dominic J., 2007, Understanding and Overcoming procrastination, (https://mcgraw.princeton.edu/understanding-and-overcoming-procrastination), January 22, 2020
[6] Bowman, Jennifer Davis, 2018, Why Students Don’t Do Their Homework – And What You Can Do About It, (https://www.teachthought.com/pedagogy/why-students-dont-do-their-homework-and-what-you-can-do-about-it/), January 22, 2020
[7] Dianne M. Tice and Roy F. Baumeister, 2019, Longitudinal study of procrastination, performance, stress, and health, (https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781315175775/chapters/10.4324/9781315175775-9), December 1, 2019
[8] Elizabeth Lombardo Ph.D., 2017, 11 Ways to Overcome procrastination, (https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/better-perfect/201703/11-ways-overcome-procrastination?amp), December 1, 2019
[9] Forbes Coaches Council, 2018, 10 Ways to Beat Procrastination and Get Things Done, (https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbescoachescouncil/2018/03/22/10-ways-to-beat-procrastination-and-get-things-done/#31ff56f12902), November 30, 2019
[10] Frank Sonnenberg, 2017, 12reasons why people procrastinate, (https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/12-reasons-why-people-procrastinate-frank-sonnenberg/?trk=mp-reader-card&fbclid=IwAR1AjJambAJyvvgoYIaFgltuoeWCRLfb81mEn6xJ9vncL6JM5iPwqyi_rFY), Dec, 23 2019
[11] Gunn, Jennifer, 2019, Is It Student Laziness or Something More?, (https://education.cu-portland.edu/blog/classroom-resources/academic-procrastination-anxiety/), January 22, 2020
[12] Ide Bagus Siaputra, 2010, Temporal Motivation Theory: Best Theory (yet) to Explain procrastination, (scholar.goodle.com), December 2, 2019
[13] Jen Corre, 2017, Breaking Away from Procrastination –How to Do it Right, (http://www.optimindseo.com/tag/overcoming-procrastination/), December 1, 2019
[14] John Croyle, 2014, Responsibility and Priority,(https://b-metro.com/responsibility-and-priority/16953/), December 2, 2019
[15] Jon Nastor, 2015, 5 simple strategies for beating procrastination once for all, https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/246403?fbclid=IwAR3ZIRxDOOkG_M9CpgfMaf6VEBLlgM0QVlmcghQLwUmK5ka9vCh8GnpmoP4, Dec 23, 2019
[16] Lee-Chua, Quenna N., 2011, Dealing with Procrastination among Students, http://school-principal.blogspot.com/2011/06/dealing-with-procrastination-among.html?m=1, January 22, 2020
[17] Letham, Susan J., 2015, The Procrastination Problem, https://www.successconsciousness.com/guest_articles/procrastination.htm, January 22,2020
[18] Meier, et al., 2016, “Facebrocrastination”? Predictors of using Facebook for Procrastination and its effects on student’ well-being, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/304524704_Facebocrastination_Predictors_of_using_Facebook_for_procrastination_and_its_effects_on_students’_well-being, January 22, 2020
[19] Mejica, Andrianna, 2017, How to stop ‘Mañana’ habit from taking over your life, (https://www.rappler.com/brandrap/health-and-self/164909-stop-manana-habit-health-fitness), January 22, 2020
[20] Mieke Welvaert, 2014, Why Do We Study?,(https://www.infometrics.co.nz/why-do-we-study/), December 1, 2019
[21] Michael Eason, 2018, 3 Mindful Ways to Overcome procrastination, (https://ph.asiatatler.com/life/3-ways-stop-procrastination), December 1, 2019
[22] Newton, Paul, 2014, How to Overcome procrastination, (https://hvtc.edu.vn/Portals/0/files/635841505366235737how-to-overcome-procrastination.pdf), January 22, 2020
[23] Pavlina, Steve, 2013, Overcoming Procrastination, (http://philcivilengineeringreviewtips.blogspot.com/2013/12/overcoming-procrastination.html?m=1), January 22, 2020
[24] Piers Steel and Cornelius J. Konig, 2006, Integrating Theories of Motivation, (scholar.google.com), December 2, 2019
[25] Queena N. Lee-Chua, 2014, Rethinking Procrastination, (https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/642943/rethinking-procrastination), December 1, 2019
[26] Regan Collins, 2017, Top 10 Ways to Avoid procrastination, (https://www.collegexpress.com/articles-and-advice/majors-and-academics/blog/top-10-ways-avoid-procrastination/), December 1, 2019
[27] Rufino Rios, 2016, Managing Time Effectively, (https://www.philstar.com/the-freeman/cebu-lifestyle/2016/06/22/1595490/managing-time-effectively), December 1, 2019
[28] Sayee Deshpande, 2018, 10 Reasons Why Household Chores Are Important, (https://1specialplace.com/2018/01/25/importance-household-chores/?v=a25496ebf095), December 2, 2019
[29] Uy, A. R. (2020). “Blended Learning” In Virus-Hit Philippines. The ASEAN posts reserved 2020.
[30] Wagler, R. (2011). The Impact of Vicarious Experiences and Field Experience Classroom Characteristics on Preservice Elementary Science Teaching Efficacy
[31] Zenon, E. M. (2006). A Study of the Correlation Between Internet Access and
[32] Academic Achievement, and Internet Use and Academic Achievement, in Middle School Students.
[33] Vaiana, Dominic, 2019, How to stop Procrastinating: The only guide you’ll ever need, (https://collegeinfogeek.com/how-to-stop-procrastinating/), January 22, 2020
[34] Weimer, Maryellen, 2009, Why students procrastinate and what can you do about it, (https://www.facultyfocus.com/articles/course-design-ideas/why-students-procrastinate-and-what-you-can-do-about-it/), January 22, 2020
[35] Wray, Maggie, 2014, 12 reasons why do students procrastinate…and what can you do about it?, (https://creatingpositivefutures.com/12-reasons-why-students-procrastinate/), January 22, 2020
[36] Zwilling, Martin, 2017, 8 Ways to Cure Your Procrastination Habit, (https://www.inc.com/martin-zwilling/are-you-always-missing-deadlines-dont-procrastinate.html), January 23, 2020

Gel Marie B. Tiboron, Dr. Ronald S. Decano, Mark Van M. Buladaco “Procrastination Attitude of the Senior High School Students in Modular Distance Learning Modality” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.303-308 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5613

Download PDF

pdf

Exploring Institutional Measures of mitigating Sexual Harassment Cases by Male Teachers: A Case of Selected Secondary Schools in Luapula Province
Justin Kapya Chilonga and Harrison Daka- June 2021 – Page No.: 309-312

Purpose: This paper seeks to present the study which was conducted to explore the institutional measures of mitigating sexual harassment cases by male teachers in Luapula province. The study was undertaken in the 5randomly selected secondary schools across the province.
Design/methodology/approach: The study used qualitative paradigm in which descriptive survey design was ideal. The descriptive design was chosen in order to come up with more comprehensive, deeper insights from respondents so that a better understanding of the phenomenon under study is enhanced. The study was based on questionnaire and interview guide. Questionnaires were administered to 5 Head teachers, 5 Guidance and counseling teachers and 15teachers while interview guide was used to collect data from 15 pupils.
Findings: The study revealed that, sexual harassment is a serious problem and its mitigation needs not only the attention of the head teacher but the collective effort with the teachers, pupils, stake holders and other interested parties who are involved in the provision of education.
Limitations of the study: The findings of the study focused on the role of the institutions in mitigating sexual harassment of female pupils by male teachers. The findings therefore, cannot be generalized to the male pupils and female teachers because this research only endeavored to address the issue that has raised serious concerns and has drawn the attention of the government, parents, stakeholders, organizations, civil societies and the world at large.
Practical implication: The practical implication is that if sexual harassment in schools is not mitigated, it can lead to psychological trauma in children who are subjected to it, it can also cause risk of death, poor physical and mental health, Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) infection, early pregnancy, education problems, loneliness, vagrancy and poor parenting skills later in life. The institutions therefore, should fight hard and mitigate it.
Originality/value: The study supports previous studies which identified that sexual harassment is a serious social problem and advocated for its mitigation. However this paper highlights the divergence views of the respondents on the mitigation of sexual harassment, thereby highlighting on the need to establish policies, breaking the silence in schools and communities and instituting reporting laws on sexual harassment.

Page(s): 309-312                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5614

 Justin Kapya Chilonga
School of Education, University of Zambia, Lusaka

 Harrison Daka
School of Education, University of Zambia, Lusaka

[1] Bomber, H. S.,Daka, H. and Mphande, F. (2020).Strategies to Overcome the Challenges faced by Weekly Boarders: A case study of Selected Day Secondary Schools in Chikankata District in Southern Province, Zambia. International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education. Vol 7 (6), 175 – 186.
[2] Brown, C. (2005). Sexual Abuse of School Children in Ghana. Cape coast Ghana, Centre for Development Studies. University of Cape Coast/UNICEF
[3] Chipindi, F. M., Serenje-Chipindi, J and Daka, H. (2021). An Analysis of Epistemological Considerations in Educational Research. Journal of Lexicography and Terminology. Vol.4 (2), 105 – 118.
[4] Chomba, E (2011). Child Sexual Abuse in Zambia: African Regional SGBV Network Partner’s Meeting, Lusaka
[5] Daily Monitor, November 29, 2019
[6] Daily Nation, January 18, 2019
[7] Daka, H., Phiri, D., Chipindi, F. M., Nachimwenda, E. (2021). Value of Traditional Ceremonies in Socio-Economic Development. A Case of Some Selected Traditional Ceremonies in Zambia. International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education, Vol 8 (2); 134 – 141.
[8] Daka, H.,Chilala, M. M., Hamatanga, O. H., Chirwa, B., Mumba, A., Kaoma, C. and Chikopela, C. (2021). Averting Learner Absenteeism in Zambian Urban and Rural Primary Schools. A Case of Kalingalinga and Simweendengwe Primary Schools. Journal of Lexicography and Terminology. Vol.5 (1), 33 – 55.
[9] Daka, H., Chipindi, F. M., Phiri A., Mulenga, B., Mvula, L and Chirwa, J. (2021). Administrative Mitigation Measures against Examination Attrition Rates in Tertiary Institutions: A Case of School of Education, University of Zambia. European Modern Studies Journal. Vol 5 (3). 248 – 258
[10] Deep Knowledge Daily, 2020
[11] Face of Malawi, October 24, 2019
[12] Goldman (2005). Student Teacher learning about Child Sexual Abuse Strategies for Primary School: An Exploration Study of Surface and Deep learning, Sex Education. Routledge: Taylor & Francisco
[13] Gwirayi, P. (2013). Fighting Child Sexual Abuse: Perspective of Pupils from a Developing Country. SAGE
[14] Holmes, S. (2007). Review of Protection of Children from Sex offenders:http://wwwcorrectiveservice.gld.gow.an
[15] Irish Times, September 11, 2020
[16] Lusaka Sun, June 10, 2019
[17] Kawonga, S.,Mbozi, E. H. and Daka, H. (2021). Community Involvement in the Implementation of Comprehensive Sexuality Education in Rural Areas: A Case of Selected Secondary Schools in Chibombo District of Central Province, Zambia. International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation Vol 8 (4), 216 – 228, ISSN 2321 – 2705.
[18] Matakala, L. (2012). Research partnership programme; Danish Institution for Human Rights (DIHR), Denmark
[19] Mathews, B. (2011). Teacher Education to meet the challenges passed by Sexual Abuse. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, volume 36 (11) 13 – 32
[20] Menon, M. Glazebrook, Campain and Ngoma, (2007). University student perspective of sexual harassment: A case of the University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
[21] Mitchel, M.W. (2010). Child Sexual Abuse: A School Leadership issue. The Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, issue and Ideas, volume 83 (3)
[22] Nansasi, G. (2010). Assessing The Challenges faced in Control of Girl Child Defilement: A study of two NGOs in Kampala District. Kampala, Makerere University
[23] NSPCC (2013). Briefing: The role of School, Colleges and Academics in protecting children from Grooming entrapment. http: nspcc.org.uk (Accessed on 30/01/14
[24] New vision, June 7, 2011
[25] Phiri, M., Musonda, A and Daka, H. (2020). The Effects of Chinamwali Initiation Schools on Girl Child Education. A Case of Selected Public Primary Schools of Katete District, Zambia. Malcolm Moffat Multidisciplinary Journal of Research and Education 1, (1), 137 – 155.
[26] Spitalli, S. J. (2012). An Epidemic of Shame. American School Board Journal,1999 (8) 26 – 7
[27] Standard media, January 11, 2020
[28] Teaching Service Commission (TSC) report 2012
[29] United Nations Secretary General’s report on the violence Against Children 2006
[30] United States Department of Health and Human Services (2007). Administration on Children Youth and Families. Child Maltreatment. Washington DC, US Government printing office
[31] Whitefield, C. (2010). Psychiatric drugs as agents of Trauma; The International Journal of Risk and Safety in Medicine 22 (4) 195 – 207
[32] World Health Organization (2002). Preventing Child Maltreatment in Europe. A Public Health Approach: Policy Briefing. University of Birmingham
[33] World Health Organization (2007). Violence and Injury Prevention Programme, WHO office for Europe.
[34] Zambia Daily Mail, December 3, 2015
[35] Zambia Reports, June 24, 2019
[36] Zwi, K; O’brien, T; Tait, P; Wheeler, D; Williams, D and Woolfenden, S. (2007). School Based Education Programmes for the Prevention of Child Sexual Abuse: A Systematic Review. http://campbellcollaboration.org/lib/project/28 (Accessed on 20/10/13

Justin Kapya Chilonga and Harrison Daka “Exploring Institutional Measures of mitigating Sexual Harassment Cases by Male Teachers: A Case of Selected Secondary Schools in Luapula Province” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.309-312 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5614

Download PDF

pdf

State Fragility and Humanitarian Crisis in Syria
Ewelie, C. Justice, Omenihu C. Nwaorgu – June 2021 – Page No.: 313-318

The paper examined state fragility and humanitarian crisis in Syria. The main thesis of the paper is that the more the fragility of the Syrian state, given some extraneous and endogenous factors fuelling the humanitarian crisis in Syria. The paper relied on secondary sources of data and for the purpose of clarity and deeper understanding of the subject matter adopted the Dependency theory as its framework of analysis. One of the assumptions of the dependency theory is that events in one country is conditioned by the actions or inactions of a country in a relationship of unequal exchange. The paper observed that the crescendo of humanitarian crisis in Syria is a result of the adverse politics of state fragility as reinforced by negative external and internal objective conditions. It is recommended in the paper, inter alia, that democratic values should be upheld and good governance should be a sundry principle for the overall interest of Syrians.

Page(s): 313-318                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 July 2021

 Ewelie, C. Justice
Department of Political and Administrative Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, P.M.B 5323 Port Harcourt, Nigeria

 Omenihu C. Nwaorgu
Department of Political and Administrative Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, P.M.B 5323 Port Harcourt, Nigeria

[1] Ake, C. (1996). Democracy and development in Africa. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Limited.
[2] Alisa, W. (2013). Syrian civil war: What you need to know. (www.abcnwes.go.com 31 August).
[3] Albertson, A. & Moran, A. (2017). Untangling the complexity of fragile states. Truman Centre.
[4] Andre-Gunder, F. (1972). The development of underdevelopment. In James D. Cockcroft, Andre Gunder Frank & D. Johnson (eds.), Dependence and underdevelopment. Garden City, New York: Anchor Books, p. 3.
[5] Ayse, B. B. (2014). Alawite and the fate of Syria. In Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspectives, a Publication of History, Ohio State University, U.S.A.
[6] Besley & Persson (2009). State capacity, conflict and development. London: Stockholm University.
[7] Campbell-Saferworld, I. (2015). Rising powers in fragile and conflict-affected states. London: The British Academy, Carlton House Terrace.
[8] Dos Santos, T. (1970). The structure of dependence. The American Economic Review, 60:2, pp 231-236.
[9] Eze, R. C. & Agena, J. E. (2018). Super powers conspiracy and the unending civil war in Syria: An analysis. European Journal of Social Sciences, 56(1), pp. 20-28.
[10] Guaba, O. P. (1981). An introduction to political theory. New Delhi: Macmillan India Ltd.
[11] Ibaba, S. I. (2006). Imperialism and dependency: The dilemma of the Third World in modernisation and development in Africa. Port Harcourt: Shapee Publishers.
[12] Igwe, O. (2005). Politics and globe dictionary. Aba: Eagle Publishers.
[13] Keller, E. J. (2016). The state in contemporary Africa: A critical assessment of theory. Doha: Princepts Press.
[14] Khan, M. I. (2017). The fallacy of state fragility indices: Is there a ‘fragility trap’? IOASS Working Paper, 034.
[15] Manuel, M. (2017). Getting better results from assistance to fragile states. ODI Briefing Papers.
[16] Manfreda, P. (2017). Top Reasons for the Uprising in Syria (www.thoughtzo.com 18 August).
[17] Ntete-Nna, N. J. (2004). An Introduction to Political Analysis. Owerri, Springfield Publishers Limited.
[18] Nwaorgu, O.C. (2002). Dimensions of political analysis. Port Harcourt: Ameltyst & Colleagues Publishers.
[19] Ray, S.N. (2003). Modern comparative politics, approaches, methods and issues. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India Private Limited.
[20] Roberts, A. (2015). Fragile states: A concept with history. The British Academy, 10-11, Carlton House Terrace, London.
[21] Rotberg, R.I. (2003). Failed states, collapsed states, weak states: Causes and indicators. World Peace Foundation and Harvard University’s Program on Intrastate Conflict on all aspects of State Failure.
[22] Sunkel, O. (1969. National development policy and external dependence in Latin America. The Journal of Development Studies, 6 (1), pp. 18-29.
[23] United States of America, Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labour (2016). Country Reports on Human Rights Practices.
[24] Wonah, E.I. (2019). Students’ union and politics in Nigeria. Quest Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Science, 7 (7), pp 28-32.
[25] World Bank (2009). Poverty analysis. The World Bank.
[26] World Vision (2021). Syrian refugee crisis: Facts, FAQs, and how to help. https://www.worldvision.org/refugees-news-stories/syrian-refugee-crisis-facts#:~:text=Now%20in%20its%2011th%20year,displacement%20crisis%20of%20our%20time.&text=About%206.6%20million%20Syrians%20are,in%20Syria%20need%20humanitarian%20assistance.

Ewelie, C. Justice, Omenihu C. Nwaorgu “State Fragility and Humanitarian Crisis in Syria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.313-318 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/313-318.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Challenges Faced by Administrators in the Implementation of Inclusive Education in Selected Primary Schools in Kitwe District
Fred Chibwe and Dr. Rosemary Muma Mulenga (PhD) – June 2021 – Page No.: 319-324

The purpose of the study was to investigate the challenges faced by administrators in the implementation of inclusive education in selected primary schools in Kitwe district. In this study, the researcher used a mixed method research design which involved the collection and mixing of both quantitative and qualitative data. Semi-structured questionnaire were used to collect data. This study revealed that, teachers are not properly trained and consequently experience serious challenges when teaching learners with special needs in an inclusive classroom. Secondly, that inclusive education is not properly implemented because the results show that most school buildings do not accommodate children with physical disabilities. The recommendation made in this study was that Head teachers need to be trained with regard to special education in order for them to properly implement inclusive education.

Page(s): 319-324                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 July 2021

 Fred Chibwe
Kwame Nkrumah University, Zambia

 Dr. Rosemary Muma Mulenga (PhD)
Kwame Nkrumah University, Zambia

[1] Central Statistics Office (2003).Census of population and housing: Lusaka Central Statistics Office
[2] Hoyle E. (2006). The role of a headteacher: London: Routldge and Kegan Paul.
[3] Kato M. (2000). Findings on Children with Disabilities in Primary Schools, Parliament of Uganda Ministry of Education, Uganda (2003):Poverty Eradication through Education, UNESCO.
[4] Kauffman J. M. et al(2004). Enabling or disabling? Observations on Changes in special education: Phi Delta Kappan, April, pp 613-620.
[5] Mafa O. (2012). Challenges of implementing inclusion in Zimbabwe’s education system: Online J. Educ., 1(2), 14-22.
[6] Mandyata, J.M. (2002). Teachers’ views on inclusive Practices: A case of basic schools in Kasama District, Zambia: University of Zambia (Unpublished MEd Dissertation. – UNZA
[7] Moberg A. and Kasonde N. (2001).Moving towards Inclusive Schooling: BESSIP: Lusaka.
[8] Mwangi E.M. and Orodho J.A. (2014).Challenges facing implementation of inclusive education in public primary schools in Nyeri town, Nyericounty: Kenya. J. Educ. Pract., 5(16).
[9] Onya E. (2002).The role of headteachers and MOEST in promoting performance of maths and since subject in secondary schools: Nandi District Secondary school Heads Association Conference. April 2002.
[10] Burbules, N. C., Lord, B. T. and Sherman, A, L.(1982). Equity, Equal Opportunity, andEducation. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis. Vol. 4, No. 2 , pp. 69-187.
[11] Sibanda P. (2018). A review of the implementation of inclusive education in Zimbabwe: challenges and opportunities. Scientific Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 7(9), 808-815.
[12] UNESCO (2003).Overcoming Exclusion through Inclusive Approaches in Education: a Challenge, a vision-Conceptual Paper, Spain Paris.

Fred Chibwe and Dr. Rosemary Muma Mulenga (PhD) “Challenges Faced by Administrators in the Implementation of Inclusive Education in Selected Primary Schools in Kitwe District” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.319-324 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/319-324.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Beyond the Legalistic and Mechanical Approaches to Conflict Management in Nigeria
Ko, Viashima David- June 2021 – Page No.: 325-330

Multiethnic and religious crises are exposing Nigeria to its greatest existential problem of all time. Calls for separation and self-determination are vociferous among Nigeria’s ethnic, religious, and socio-cultural groups. While Nigeria’s government and well-meaning organizations are engaging the problem, ongoing conversations on the matter focus on the potentials of legalistic and mechanical approaches to conflict management. Ethnic and religious conflicts in Nigeria are resisting these formulations and sustaining the path of destruction, pulverizing economic, social, human, and material resources.
This paper supplements existing perspectives on conflict management in Nigeria with an ontological approach. It defends the need to explore the ego, the self, the I in managing conflicts in Nigeria. With categories and frameworks mined from existentialists philosophers, the paper advocates the development of systematic processes of reorientation based on the existentialist values of intersubjectivity, tolerance, dialogue, understanding, care, and solidarity as a tool against the religious and ethnic crisis in the country.

Page(s): 325-330                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5615

 Ko, Viashima David
Department of Philosophy/University of Ibadan, Nigeria

[1] Adeniyi, M.O. (1993). Religion and Politics: An Eye Bird’s View of Development in Nigeria. In R.D. Abubakar (ed.) Religion and Politics in Nigeria. Ilorin: NASR.
[2] Apter, D. (1965). The politics of modernization. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Asouzu, I. (2011). “Ibuanyidanda” and the Philosophy of Essence. Calabar: University of Calabar Press.
[3] Ayinla, S.A. (2003). Managing Religious Intolerance and Violence in Nigeria, Problems and Solutions. A Paper Presented at the National Conference on Social Problems, Development and the Challenges of Globalization, Organized by Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife.
[4] Cross, M. (1971). On Conflict, Race Relations, and the Theory of the Plural Society. RACE, XII, (4), 477-494.
[5] Ejizu, C.J. (1993). Religion and Politics in Nigeria: The Perspective of the Indigenous Religions. In R.D. Abubakar, et al. (ed.) Religion and Politics in Nigeria. Illorin: NASR
[6] Fox, J. (1999). Do religious institutions support violence or the status-quo? Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 22 (2), 119-139.
[7] Fox. J & Sandler, S. (2003). Quantifying religion: Toward building more effective ways of measuring religious influence on state-level behaviour. Journal of Church and State, 45 (2), 559-588.
[8] Goody J.R. (1961). Religion and Ritual; The Definitional Problem. British Journal of Sociology, (14), 82-91.
[9] Haynes, J. (1994). Religion in third world politics. Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
[10] Horton RF (1960). A definition of Religion and its Uses. Journal Royal Anthropological Institute, (87) 370-383.
[11] Huntington, S. (1993). The clash of civilizations?. Foreign Affairs, 72 (3)22-49.
[12] Isiramen, C .O. (2010). Religious crisis and development in Nigeria. In C .O, Isiramen, F.J. Imaekhai and B.O.Igboin (eds), Religion and the Nigerian Nation: Some topical issues. Ibadan: Enjoy Press & Books.
[13] Kadayifci-Orellana, S. A., (2009). Ethno-Religious Conflicts: Exploring the Role of Religion in Conflict Resolution. In J. Bercovitch, V. Kremenyuk, and I. W. Zartman (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Conflict Resolution. SAGE: London.
[14] Kimenyi, M., Adibe, J. Djiré, M. Jirgi, A., Kergna, A. Deressa, T. Pugliese, J.E. and Westbury, A. (2014) The Impact of Conflict and Political Instability on Agricultural Investments in Mali and Nigeria. Africa Growth Initiative, (17) p13.
[15] Nasr, V. (1998). Religion and global affairs: Secular states and religious oppositions. SAIS Review, 18 (2), 32-37.
[16] Njoku, E. 2020. Exploring Contemporary Counterterrorism and Perspectives of Terrorism Experts to Combat Boko Haram. (Doctoral Dissertation, Walden University) Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies Collection.
[17] Oladipo, O. 2000. Values and National Rebirth. Recall: A Chronicle of Nigerian Events (1), 64-68.
Olatunji, O.A. 2005. Reconciling The Self With The Other: An Existentialist Perspective on The Management of Ethnic Conflicts in Africa. Ibadan: Hope Publishers.
[18] Onah, N., Diara, B.C., & Uruko, F. 2017. Ethnoreligious Conflicts in Nigeria: Implications on Women. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5, (8), 61-61
[19] Onouha, F.C. 2012. “Boko Haram: Nigeria’s Extremist Islamic Sect.” Aljazeera center for studies. Retrieved via: http://studies.aljazeera.net
[20] Onouha, F.C. 2012. Boko Haram: Nigeria’s Extremist Islamic Sect. Aljazeera center for studies. Retrieved via: http://studies.aljazeera.net
[21] Peter, O.F. (1998). Plateau Crisis Claimed 54,000 Lives: The Cities of Perpetual Public Work. Accessed via: www.amarujari Retrieved January 20th, 2020.
[22] Rostow, W. (1959). The stages of economic growth: A non-communist manifesto. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[23] Schermerhorn R (1970) Comparative Ethnic Relations. New York: Random House.
[24] Smith, D.E. (1970). Religion and political development. Boston, Massachusetts: Little, Brown.
[25] Smith, R. T. (1961 “Review of Social and Cultural Pluralism in the Caribbean.” American Anthropologist (63)155-157.
[26] Unah J.I. (2000). Difficult Decision Situations: A Phenomenological Ontology of Crisis Management. In A.T. Tymienieke (ed.), Anelecta Husserlianam, LXVIII: 237-246
[27] Vanguard Newspapers Online. Boko Haram: From Islamic Sect to deadly armed group. Accessed via: https://www.vanguardngr.com/2015/06/boko-haram-from-islamic-sect-to-deadly-armed-group/ Retrieved January 20th, 2020.
[28] Weber M (1968) Economy and Society, ed. Roth G, Wittich C. Berkeley: University of California Press.
[29] Wilson, M. 2018. “Nigeria’s Boko Haram attacks in numbers – as lethal as ever.” BBC Monitoring. Retrieved through https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-42735414. Accessed January 20th, 2020.

Ko, Viashima David “Beyond the Legalistic and Mechanical Approaches to Conflict Management in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.325-330 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5615

Download PDF

pdf

The Legal Frameworks in the Fight against Corruption in Nigeria
Dr Aishatu Kyari Sandabe- June 2021 – Page No.: 331-340

Corruption is a cancerous phenomenon that has permeated every facet of society. It has been identified as the main obstacle to the realisation of good governance, sustainable development and millennium development goals. Corruption is an impediment to political, economic and social development, hinders administrative development and performance, impairs economic efficiency, leads to brain drain, discourages foreign investments, undermines effective utilisation of natural resources and hampers transparency. While the manifestation of corruption is without limits, its roots seem to be identifiable in the immoderate inclination for material wealth and power. One of the major catalysts for widespread corruption in Nigeria is the failure in the existing legal frameworks to effectively combat corruption. The methodology adopted were doctrinal and empirical. The objectives of this study are to examine what motivates people to be corrupt, and to analyse the legal frameworks in the fight against corruption, the national, regional and international frameworks will be considered and recommend capital punishment for those guilty of grand and political corruption in order to eradicate this menace.

Page(s): 331-340                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5616

 Dr Aishatu Kyari Sandabe
University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

[1] AMUNDSEN I, Political corruption in Africa: extraction and power preservation (Edward Elgar publishing co. USA 2019)
[2] ANTIGHA B A, PIUS A F, ANTIGHA B U, Corruption as a social problem and its implication on Nigerian society: A review of Anti-corruption policies (Mediterranean Journal of social sciences Vol 4(1) January 2013)
[3] BARCHAM M, HINDESS B, HARMOUR P, Corruption expanding the focus. (Australian national University press 2012)
[4] DREHER A, KOTSOGIANNIS C, MC CORRISSTON S, Corruption around the world: evidence from structural model
[5] EMUNDSON I, Political corruption in Africa, extraction and power preservation (Edward Elgar publishing Cheltenham UK 2019)
[6] HATCHARD J, Legal approaches to supporting good governance and integrity in Africa. (Edward Elgar publishing ltd, The Lypiatt’s 15 Lands down Road Cheltenham UK 2014)
[7] IGBINOVIA P E, IGBINOVIA B E, The financial crimes commission an appraisal. (safari books ltd Ibadan, 2014)
[8] IWEALA, O N, fighting corruption is dangerous the story behind the headlines. (Routledge 2013)
[9] JAIN K A, Corruption: A Review (journal of economics surveys, Concordia University 2008)
[10] KLITGAARD R, Controlling Corruption (university California press ltd 1988)
[11] KLITGAARD R, ABAROA R M, LINSLEY H. Corrupt Cities: A practical guide to cure and prevention (Paris G press 2000)
[12] MBAKU M J, Corruption in Africa, causes, Consequences and Clean up (Lexington Books 2007)
[13] NMAH E P, Corruption in Nigeria: A culture or retrogressive factor (Journal of African studies Vol13 2017)
[14] NWOSUMBA C H, An Appraisal of the economic and financial crimes commission in the light of the disaster of the Nigerian anti- corruption politics (journal of humanities an social sciences Vol 21 issue 2011)
[15] OLUYITAN F E, Combatting Corruption at the grassroots level in Nigeria. (Palgrave Macmillan 2017)
[16] ONIGBO A R, Analyses of legal frameworks for fighting Corruption in Nigeria: problems and Challenges. (Kuwait chapter of Arabian journal Business and Management Review Vol 5 N 3 2015)
[17] OBUAH E, Combatting Corruption in Nigeria: The Nigerian Economic and Financial crime. (vol 12 issue 1 2010)
[18] RIBADU N, Obstacle to effective prosecution of Corrupt practices and Financial crimes in Nigeria. (International conference centre, Trade fair complex, Kaduna 23rd -25th 2004.)
[19] ROSE-ACKERMAN Corruption and Government, causes and consequences and reform (Cambridge University 1999)
[20] RONA K, HOPE, BORNWELL, Corruption and development: lessons from country case studies (2000)
[21] SEKKAT K, Is corruption curable? (Palgrave Macmillan 2018)
[22] SHERK D R, The Cultural Dimension of Corruption: Reflections on Nigeria.
[23] SIVENSSON J, Eight Questions about corruption. (Journal of economic perspectives vol 19 N 3 2005)
[24] TAIYE D A, Gender and Corruption, Insights from Nigerian democracy (journal of International law VOL3 N 4 July 2009)
[25] The African Union Convention on preventing and combatting Corruption.
[26] The United Nations Convention Against Corruption.

Dr Aishatu Kyari Sandabe “The Legal Frameworks in the Fight against Corruption in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.331-340 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5616

Download PDF

pdf

A study on perception of dance teachers toward online classes
Dr. (Mr.) W.B.A.Vitharana – June 2021 – Page No.: 341-344

The purpose of this study was to investigate out more about impact of the Covid-19 outbreak on the educational system and collect data about it. Within the framework of a survey research design, quantitative and qualitative research approaches were applied in this research. Teachers out of several schools in the Colombo district constitute the study’s target population. The data for this study was collected using a questionnaire with focused on three main areas: (1) teachers’ understanding of the idea of online classrooms; (2) teachers’ perceptions of online classes; and (3) teachers’ perceptions of online classrooms. (2) Teachers’ perceptions of the benefits of integrating online activities in Sri Lankan schools, and (3) Teachers’ perceptions of the challenges and issues in implementing new practices in Sri Lankan schools. Frequencies and percentages were used to analyze the teachers’ responses to the survey. Despite the fact that the concept of online class practices is new to Sri Lankan teachers, the analysis revealed that they are aware of the concept and have positive perceptions of online class practices. They did believe that the use of online classes could have a number of advantages, including changing traditional teaching methods, providing up-to-date subject information, improving the effectiveness of the teaching and learning process, increasing students’ interest in learning, incorporating changes in the IT world, and developing teachers’ skills and attitudes to come to terms with major problems. As a result of this study, it is recommended that relevant stakeholders suggest suitable steps to create online classes and ensure their maximum being used in schools.

Page(s): 341-344                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 July 2021

 Dr. (Mr.) W.B.A.Vitharana
Namibia University of Science and Technology

[1] Bower, M. (2019). Technology ‐mediated learning theory. British Journal Education Technology, 50, 1035–1048. 10.1111/bjet.12771.
[2] Epstein, William. (2020). Perception.Retrieved from https:// www. britannica.com/ topic/perception
[3] Gonzalez, T., de la Rubia, M., Hincz, K., Lopez, M.C., .Subirats, L., Fort, S. (2020, 20). Influence of COVID-19 confinement in students’ performance in higher education. https://doi.org/ 10.35542/osf.io/9zuac
[4] Hewagamage, K. P. (2020). Online Learning in Sri Lanka’s Higher Education Institutions during the coVId-19 Pandemic. Retrieved from https: //www. adb.org/ publications/online-learning-sri-lanka-during-covid-19
[5] Hodges, C., Moore, S., Lockee, B., Trust, T., & Bond, A. (2020). The difference between emergency remote teaching and online learning. EDUCAUSE Review, 3. Retrieved from https://er.educause.edu/articles/2020/3/the difference – between-emergency-remote-teaching -and-online-learning
[6] Kulal,A, Nayak,A . (2020). A study on perception of teachers and students toward online classes in Dakshina Kannada and Udupi District. Asian Association of Open Universities Journal, 15 (3) pp. 285-296.
[7] National Institute of Education. (2021). BEd (Eng. Tech) Department of Teacher Education- Data. Maharagama: NIE.
[8] Sethunga,P.(2014). Study on the Professional Development of Teachers and Teacher Educators in Sri Lanka. Colombo:NEC.
[9] World Health Organization. (2019). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Schools. Retrieved from https://www. who.int/ emergencies/ diseases/ novel- coronavirus- 2019/question-and-answers-hub/q-a-detail/coronavirus-disease- covid-19-schools
[10] Wang, C. H., Shannon, D. M., & Ross, M. E. (2013). Students’ characteristics, self-regulated learning, technology self-efficacy, and course outcomes in online learning. Distance Education, 34 (3), 302–323.

Dr. (Mr.) W.B.A.Vitharana “A study on perception of dance teachers toward online classes” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.341-344 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/341-344.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Principal’s Interpersonal Conflict Management: A Literature Review
Umigiarini Pangestu, Sowiyah, Mutiara Nur Ahlaini, Felia Santika – June 2021 – Page No.: 345-351

The importance of interpersonal conflict management for principals makes researchers interested in making literature reviews. There are many articles that discuss interpersonal conflict management for principals. This article is a literature review that aims to find out the interpersonal conflict management of the principal and the principal’s strategy in managing conflict, so it will give a positive impact on the environment of the school organization. Based on the results of literature reviews from many studies in various countries in the world, it is known that conflict has a positive effect when managed together effectively and can be very useful for the effectiveness of individuals and groups and will affect the sustainability of school organizations. So, we are interested to follow up research related to Interpersonal Conflict Management for the Principal.

Page(s): 345-351                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5617

 Umigiarini Pangestu
Department Teacher Training and Education, Lampung University, Indonesia

 Sowiyah
Department Teacher Training and Education, Lampung University, Indonesia

 Mutiara Nur Ahlaini
Department Teacher Training and Education, Lampung University, Indonesia

 Felia Santika
Department Teacher Training and Education, Lampung University, Indonesia

Adem, J. (2019). The Practices and Challenges of Conflict Management the Case of Government Secondary Schools in Arada Sub-City. Addis Ababa University,
[2] Akhurst, J., Magqamfana, S., & Day, J. (2020). An action research-based intervention to tackle intergroup conflict: A case study of work with educators in a South African secondary school. Community Psychology in Global Perspective, 6(1), 149-163.
[3] Baxter, J. A. (2014). An independent inspectorate? Addressing the paradoxes of educational inspection in 2013. School Leadership & Management, 34(1), 21-38.
[4] Beenen, G., Pichler, S., & Davoudpour, S. (2018). Interpersonal skills in MBA admissions: How are they conceptualized and assessed? Journal of Management Education, 42(1), 34-54. doi:10.1177/1052562917703743
[5] Beheshtifar, M., & Zare, E. (2013). Interpersonal conflict: A substantial factor to organizational failure. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 3(5), 400.
[6] Bhayo, A. R., Shah, N., & Chachar, A. A. (2017). The impact of interpersonal conflict and job stress on employees turnover intention. International Research Journal of Arts & Humanities (IRJAH), 45(45).
[7] Chow, C. M., Ruhl, H., & Buhrmester, D. (2013). The mediating role of interpersonal competence between adolescents’ empathy and friendship quality: A dyadic approach. Journal of adolescence, 36(1), 191-200. doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2012.10.004
[8] Crossfield, D., & Bourne, P. A. (2018). Management of interpersonal conflict between principals and teachers in selected secondary schools in Bermuda. Insights of Anthropology, 2(1). doi:10.36959/763/489
[9] Dewi, R. (2013). Kinerja Kepala Sekolah: Pengaruh kepemimpinan Transformasional, konflik dan efikasi diri. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 18(2). doi:10.17977/jip.v18i2.3615
[10] Djafri, N. (2020). Efektivitas Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah Dasar di Kota Gorontalo. Ideas: Jurnal Pendidikan, Sosial dan Budaya, 6(1), 97-104.
[11] Emike, O. E., & Chidi, D. M. (2020). Skill-Oriented Education And Career Competence Among Postgraduate Students In University Of Lagos, Nigeria. Ethiopian e-Journal for Research and Innovation Foresight (Ee-JRIF), 11(1).
[12] Englefield, E., Black, S. A., Copsey, J. A., & Knight, A. T. (2019). Interpersonal competencies define effective conservation leadership. Biological Conservation, 235, 18-26. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2019.03.043
[13] Fajrussalam, H., Badrudin, B., & Sulhan, M. (2019). The Influence of Principal’s Communication and Conflict Management towards the Work Discipline of Teachers at SMA PGRI Tanjungsiang Subang. Paper presented at the 2nd International Conference on Research of Educational Administration and Management (ICREAM 2018).
[14] Geiger, I. (2020). From Letter to Twitter: A Systematic Review of Communication Media in Negotiation. Group Decision and Negotiation, 1-44.
[15] Hariri, H., Monypenny, R., & Prideaux, M. (2014). Leadership styles and decision-making styles in an Indonesian school context. School Leadership & Management, 34(3), 284-298. doi:10.1080 / 13632434.2013.849678
[16] Hignite, M. A., Margavio, T. M., & Chin, J. M. (2020). Assessing the conflict resolution profiles of emerging information systems professionals. Journal of Information Systems Education, 13(4), 6.
[17] Ihuarulam, M. O. (2015). Management strategies of conflict between academic and nonacademic staff of Federal Universities in South East, Nigeria. PGD thesis submitted to the Department of Educational Foundations (Administration and Planning), University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
[18] Lalegani, Z., Isfahani, A. N., Shahin, A., & Safari, A. (2019). Developing a model for analyzing the factors influencing interpersonal conflict. Management Decision. doi:10.1108/MD-08-2018-0857
[19] Li, D., Davis, J. E., Wang, G., Nabi, G., Bishop, V. R., Sun, Y., . . . Lei, F. (2020). Coping with extremes: Remarkably blunt adrenocortical responses to acute stress in two sympatric snow finches on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau during winter relative to other seasons. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 291, 113434.
[20] Lu-Myers, Y., & Myers, C. G. (2018). Incorporating interpersonal skills into otolaryngology resident selection and training. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, 158(1), 21-23.
[21] Muslim, A. (2014). Manajemen Konflik Interpersonal di Sekolah. Jurnal Paedagogy, 1(2), 123-133.
[22] Owan, V. J. (2018). Conflict management strategies and secondary school teachers’ job effectiveness in Obubra Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. Owan, VJ (2018). Conflict management strategies and secondary school teachers’ job effectiveness in Obubra Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. B. Ed. Project, University of Calabar.
[23] Putra, A. E., & Nugroho, A. S. (2019). Manajemen Perpustakaan Dalam Meningkatkan Minat Baca Peserta Didik. Ta’lim.
[24] Sabanci, A., Sahin, A., & Özdemir, İ. (2016). Interpersonal Communication Skills of the Leaders of Inspection Groups in Turkey. Online Submission, 5(4), 148-159.
[25] Salim, N. A., Haruna, J., & Saraka, S. (2017). Analisis Pengaruh Manajemen Konflik Terhadap Efektivitas Pengelolaan SD DI KAB. Kutai Kartanegara. PENDAS MAHAKAM: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar, 2(3), 250-260.
[26] Shabbir, N., Atta, M., & Adil, A. J. J. o. B. S. (2014). Conflict management and decision making styles in college management. 24(2), 52.
[27] Siswidiyanto, S., & Puspasari, A. (2018). Pengaruh Komunikasi Dan Kepemimpinan Dalam Penyelesaian Konflik. Jurnal Ilmiah MEA (Manajemen, Ekonomi, & Akuntansi), 2(3), 28-36. doi:10.31955/mea.vol2.iss3.pp28-36
[28] Sridasweni, S., Yusuf, A. M., & Sabandi, A. (2017). Hubungan Kecerdasan Emosional dan Komunikasi Interpersonal Dengan Manajemen Konflik Peserta Didik. INSIGHT: Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling, 6(2), 176-193.
[29] Syarnubi, S. (2016). Manajemen Konflik Dalam Pendidikan Islam dan Problematikanya: Studi Kasus di Fakultas Dakwah UIN-SUKA Yogyakarta. Tadrib: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam, 2(1), 151-178.
[30] Taayina, S. (2019). Mechanisms For Preventing, Managing And Resolving Inter-Religious Conflicts In Some Selected Senior High Schools In The Upper West Region.
[31] Wulandari, K. P. (2019). Interpersonal Communication Approach to School Head of Teacher Development. Paper presented at the the 4th International Conference on Education and Management (COEMA 2019).
[32] Zuelke, A. E., Roehr, S., Schroeter, M. L., Witte, A. V., Hinz, A., Engel, C., . . . Villringer, A. (2020). Are social conflicts at work associated with depressive symptomatology? Results from the population-based LIFE-Adult-Study. Journal of occupational medicine and toxicology, 15(1), 1.

Umigiarini Pangestu, Sowiyah, Mutiara Nur Ahlaini, Felia Santika “Principal’s Interpersonal Conflict Management: A Literature Review” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.345-351 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5617

Download PDF

pdf

Exploring the Factors Influencing the Performance in Biology of Senior High School Students at University of Mindanao, Philippines
Jovany Gleen L. Allawan- June 2021 – Page No.: 352-359

This study used a sequential exploratory strategy of a mixed-method research design aimed to explore the factors and this also aimed to determine the extent of relationship between these factors and performance of Senior High School students in biology. Factor analysis was employed to develop the instrument derived from the interview of the informants for data analysis. The predictor variables were tested whether these predict the performance of student in Biology. Result revealed five factors namely: teaching approach, student-related factors, teaching strategy, teacher’s motivation, and learning resources. The respondent’ mean level of agreement of these factors have an agree qualitative description which means it is oftentimes true for them. Students’ performance in biology was also determine. Grade 11 have a very satisfactory rating while Grade 12 obtain an outstanding qualitative description. Using Spearman’s rho correlation, all factors are not significantly correlated with the students’ performance in biology.

Page(s): 352-359                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 17 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5618

 Jovany Gleen L. Allawan
Graduate, UM-Panabo College, Philippines

[1] Afe, J.O. (2001). Reflections on Becoming a Teacher and the Challenges of Teacher Education. Inaugural Lecture Series 64. BeninCity:University ofBenin, Nigeria. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/31bb/ 8e88f72cb1ce0278581d20360c60 ab1592a5.pdf
[2] Ajao, W. (2001). Determined to Move Education Forward. Vanguard. Journal of Education and Social Research, 3(3), 1-8. Retrievedfromhttps://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/b438/f6d8087eda0cd694fccd4eab4a038afcb0b1.pdf
[3] Akdemir, O., & Koszalka, T. (2008). Investigating the relationships among instructional strategies and learning styles in online environments. Computers & Education, 50, 1451-1461. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2007.01.004.Retrievedfrom https://experts.syr.edu/en/publications/investigating-the-relationships-among-instructional-strategies-an
[4] Akey, T. (2006). School Context, Student Attitudes and Behavior, and Academic Achievement: An Exploratory Analysis. MDRC. 1-52. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/ fulltext/ED489760.pdf
[5] Ayap, L. (2007). Factors Affecting Mathematics Performance of Students of Cabarroguis National School of Arts and Trades. Master’s Thesis. Philippine Normal University, Isabela.
[6] Barrientos, K. (2015). Factors affecting performance in science of fourth year students in the National Achievement Test (NAT). (UndergraduateResearch).Retrievedfromhttps://www.slideshare.net/KennethBarrientos4/factors-affecting-perfo rmance-in-science-of-fourth-year-students-in-the-national-achievement-test-nat
[7] Benjamin, A. (2014). The Impact of Performance Assessment on Students’ Interest and Academic Performance in Science. (Graduate Thesis). University of the West Indies. 1-171. Retrieved from http://uwispace.sta.uwi.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/2139/39311/Avis%20Benjamin.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
[8] Creswell, J. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Retrieved from https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2008-13604-000
[9] Egbona, E. (2002). Important of Audiovisual Instruction in the Association Diploma in Education in Nigeria University. West African Journal. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ216372
[10] Fayombo, G. A. (2014). Promoting student engagement and learning outcomes in psychology course through technology infused learner-centered strategies. In Veiga, F. (Coord.) Students’ Engagement in School: International Perspectives of Psychology and Education, Lisboa. (Pp. 687-703). ISSN: 978-989-98314-8-3. Retrieved from https:// pdfs.semanticscholar.org/7838/ 677a4e07c25b58db19 f81307ecc82116f134.pdf
[11] Fayombo, G. (2015). Learning Styles, Teaching Strategies and Academic Achievement among some Psychology Undergraduates in Barbados. Caribbean Educational Research Journal. 3, (2). 46-61.ISSN17275512.Retrievedfromhttps://www.cavehill.uwi.edu/fhe/education/about-cerj/past-issues/volume-3,-number-2-(september-2015)/volume-3-number-2/article-grace-fayombo.aspx
[12] Gandía, J. L., & Montagud, M. D. (2011). Innovative Teaching Methods and Students’ Academic Performance: An Empirical Study on Cost Accounting Education. Spanish Journal of Finance and Accounting, vol. XL (152), 677–698. Retrieved from https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2278429
[13] Hansen, M. & Birol, G. (2014). Longitudinal Study of Student Attitudes in a Biology Program. Cell Biology Education—Life Sciences Education Vol. 13, 331–337. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/ PMC4041509/pdf/331.pdf
[14] Ibe, E., Nworgu, L., & Anyaegbunam, N. (2016). Influence of Teachers’ Characteristics on Academic Achievement of Secondary School Biology Students. British Journal of Science, 13 (2). 33-44. ISSN20473745.Retrievedfromhttp://www.ajournal.co.uk/pdfs/BSvolume13(2)/BSVol.13%20(2)%20Article%203.pdf
[15] Khan, A., Khan, M. F., Khan, M. M., Fakhar, M., Irshad, M. K., Shahzada, N., & Raheem, A. (2017). Factors responsible for teachers’ motivation at secondary schools in district Abbottabad. City University Research Journal Special Issue: AIC, Malaysia. 130141.Retrievedfromhttp://www.cityuniversity.edu.pk/curj/Journals/Journal/special_aic_16/14.pdf
[16] Koroye, T. (2016). The influence of school physical environment on secondary school students’ academic performance in Bayelsa state. Asian Journal of Educational Research, 4(2), 1-15. ISSN 23116080.Retrievedfromhttp://www.multidisciplinaryjournals.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/ABSTR ACT-THE-INFLUENCE-OF-SCHOOL.pdf
[17] Langat, A. (2015). Students’ attitudes and their effects on learning and achievement in biology: a case study of public secondary schools in Kiambu County, Kenya. A Reserch Project, 1-90. Retrievedfromhttp://irlibrary.ku.ac.ke/bitstream/handle/123456789/10911/ Students%E2%80%99%20attitudes%20and%20their%20effects%20on%20learning%20and%20achievement%20in%20mathematics….pdf?sequence=4&isAllowed=y
[18] Mahler, D., Großschedl, J., & Harms, U. (2018) Does motivation matter? – The relationship between teachers’ self-efficacy and enthusiasm and students’ performance. PLoS ONE, 13(11). Retrieved from https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0207252
[19] McGowen, R. S. (2007). The impact of school facilities on student achievement, attendance, behavior, completion rate and teacher turnover rate in selected Texas high schools. A Dissertation. Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University, 1-151. Retrieved from http://oaktrust.library.tamu.edu/bitstream/handle/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2054/MCGOWEN-DISSERTATION.pdf?sequence=1
[20] Nagler, K. (2016). Effective Classroom-Management & Positive Teaching. English Language Teaching; Vol. 9, No. 1. ISSN 1916-4742.Retrieved rom https://files.eric.ed.gov/ fulltext/EJ1087130.pdf
[21] Neji, H.A. & Nuoha, C.O. (2015). Utilization of Laboratory Facilities and Students’ Academic Performance of Chemistry Students in Calabar, Nigeria. Chemistry and Materials Research, 7 (3),5762.ISSN22250956.Retrievedfromhttp://dl.icdst.org/pdfs/files3/c30131cb68be4f5052f201a8345dea3b.pdf
[22] Talisayon, V., de Guzman, F., & Balbin, C. (2006). Science-related attitudes and interests of students. University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines. 1-9. Retrieved from https://roseproject.no/ network/countries/philippines/phl-talisayon-ioste2006.pdf
[23] Uchefuna, M. (2001). A study of clinical supervision and teachers, effectiveness in Umuahia and Abia Educational Zones of Abia State. MEd Dissertation. Port Harcourt, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
[24] Zuelke, L. A. (2008). Relationships among science teacher qualifications, instructional practices, and student science achievement. (Dissertation). University of Florida. 1-83. Retrieved fromhttp://etd.fcla.edu/UF/UFE0023658/zuelke_l.pdf

Jovany Gleen L. Allawan “Exploring the Factors Influencing the Performance in Biology of Senior High School Students at University of Mindanao, Philippines” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.352-359 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5618

Download PDF

pdf

Analysis of School Boards of Management Competencies in the Management of Funds for Subsidized Secondary Education in Kiminini sub-County in Kenya
Johnson Bulowa, Sarah Likoko- June 2021 – Page No.: 360-362

The study analysed the competencies for the Boards of Management in managing funds for subsidized secondary school education in Kiminini Sub-County in Kenya. The study adopted descriptive survey design. The target population included all the Boards of Management of 68 public secondary schools in Kiminini Sub-County. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 21 headteachers from 21 sampled schools. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. A questionnaire was used in data collection. The study established that current competencies of Boards of Management negatively and significantly influence effectiveness of managing funds in schools.

Page(s): 360-362                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 17 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5619

 Johnson Bulowa
Department of Educational Planning and Management, Kibabii University

 Sarah Likoko
Department of Educational Planning and Management, Kibabii University

[1] Momanyi, J &Chumba, S.(2013). Determination of educational projectscompletion time in secondary schools in Kenya; International journal advanced research (2013) Vol.1 issue 3,194-200
[2] Owiti, B.H. (2010) .“Challenges facing management of free primaryeducation in Kenya; A case study of Kedibo division, Kisumu West District, Kenya: Unpublished thesis.
[3] Mutiva.(2004).Assessment of Human and Financial Resources to the Success of an Institution: A Case study of Tongaren division, BungomaNorth District, Kenya.
[4] Ndiangui.(2011). Influence of the Level of Training of Head Teachers andBoards of Management in Financial Management, Segera ward, Laikipia North Sub-County, Laikipia County.

Johnson Bulowa, Sarah Likoko “Analysis of School Boards of Management Competencies in the Management of Funds for Subsidized Secondary Education in Kiminini sub-County in Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.360-362 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5619

Download PDF

pdf

Immigration, Integration and Interculturality in Tunisia
Wafa Touihri – June 2021 – Page No.: 363-368

Purpose: Our current study is dedicated to an illustration of the question related to the integration of immigrant students from sub-Saharan Africa within the Tunisian system of higher education.
Our target integration model transcends the functionalist determinist approach; it is not assimilation that fuses all subjects into one single entity nor communitarianism that maintains ethnic barriers above mixture and unanimity.
Methods: This qualitative study was carried out among 100 students enrolled in the top three accessible multicultural private Tunisian universities. To analyze the relations between native immigrant students, we have devoted second criteria forming thus two case studies: there are two groups of students (a group of 50 Tunisian students and another group of 50 students with different sub-Saharan African nationalities.
Results: The process of integrating subjects from different yet similar cultures, in this case, sub-Saharan African students, is an anthropological process seeking to put cultural diversity at the service of an inclusive environment with a new cultural code. The metaphor of the bridge between cultures is no longer valid; the focus is rather on the concept of the salad bowl integrating different cultures. University experience constitutes a key element to achieve professional insertion concerning the future of students.

Page(s): 363-368                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 17 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5620

 Wafa Touihri
Department of Sociology of Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences of Tunis

[1] Beitone. (2018). Economie, sociologie et histoire du monde contemporain. . Paris: Armand Colin.
[2] Cerdin. (2001). L’expatriation. Paris: Editions d’Organisation.
[3] Cohen-Emerique, M. (1996). The Intercultural Approach, a Prevention to the Exclusion. Les Cahiers de l’Actif,, 250-251.
[4] Durkheim. (1922). Education et sociologie . Paris: PUF .
[5] Durkheim. (1960). De la division du travail. Paris: PUF.
[6] Galland. (2011). Sociologie de la jeunesse. Paris: Armand Colin.
[7] Geoffroy. (2001). La Mésentente Cordiale. Paris: Grasset,.Le Monde.
[8] Legendre. (2002). Diversité culturelle et pédagogie: Opinions and attitudes of the IUFM trainees of the Academy of Créteil. . Ville-Ecole-Intégration. .
[9] Levis-Strauss. (1989). Race et histoire. Paris: Gallimard, collection Folio essais.
[10] Mazzella, S. B. (20009). La mondialisation étudiante. Le Maghreb entre Nord et Sud. Paris: IRMC Karthala.
[11] Mesure, M. S. (2006). Le dictionnaire des sciences humaines. Paris: Collection Quadrige.
[12] Nasraoui. (2017). Les travailleurs migrants subsahariens en Tunisie face aux restrictions législatives sur l’emploi des étrangers. Revue Européenne des Migrations Internationales., vol. 33. n°4.156-178.
[13] Pouessel. (2012). Blacks in the Maghreb. Enjeux identitaires. . Paris: IRMC Karthala.
[14] Pretceille. (1996). Education and intercultural communication. Paris: PUF.
[15] Pretceille. (1996). For another paradigm of culture: from culture to culturality, to put an end to “Babel”.Education and intercultural communication. Paris : PUF.
[16] Schanapper. (2007). Qu’est-ce que l’intégration? Paris: Gallimard.
[17] Touraine. (1993). L’intégration à la française, . Rapport du Haut Comité à l’Intégration.

Wafa Touihri “Immigration, Integration and Interculturality in Tunisia” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.363-368 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5620

Download PDF

pdf

Tertiary Education Trust Fund Policy on Essential Physical Infrastructure and Instructional Materials and Equipment in South East, Nigeria: Assessment
Anorue, Chuks E., Ikediugwu, N. (Prof.) – June 2021 – Page No.: 369-374

The purpose of this study was to assess the Tertiary Education Trust Fund policy implementation for universities improvement in the South – East of Nigeria. The study was guided by four research questions and four hypotheses. The researcher adopted descriptive survey design for the study. The population of the study is 765 staff of the federal and state public universities in South- East, Nigeria. There was no sampling since the number of Heads of Departments, Deans of Faculties, and TET Fund Committees of the Universities was manageable, the entire population was studied. Assessment of TET Fund Policy Implementations for Universities improvement questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. The researcher also used a checklist to really ascertain the authenticity of the data provided by the respondents. Data were analyzed using Mean and Standard Deviation to answer the research questions and ANOVA was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings from the results revealed that the extent to which Tertiary Education Trust Fund has implemented policy on provisions of essential physical infrastructure for teaching and learning for the universities improvement in South-East, Nigeria is low and there is significant difference in the mean ratings of the opinion of the respondents. The findings also revealed that the extent to which TET Fund has implemented policy on the provisions of instructional materials and equipments for teaching and learning and is low, and there is no significant differences in the mean ratings of the respondents opinion on the result. The researcher made some recommendations which includes: that TET Fund should diversify its provisions of essential physical infrastructure to cover other areas like provision of administrative blocks, water resource, hostel accommodation, staff quarters and others. TET Fund board of directors should improve to a large extent its policy on the provision of instructional materials and equipment especially in providing items like laboratory apparatuses, personal computers, lap top computers to staff, document cameras, among others.

Page(s): 369-374                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 17 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5621

 Anorue, Chuks E.
Department of Educational foundations and Administration, Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri (affiliate of University of Nigeria Nsukka)

 Ikediugwu, N. (Prof.)
Department of Educational Management and Policy, faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka

[1] Assman, J. (2002). The mind of Egypt: History and meaning in the time of the pharohs. P. 127. Enlyclopaedia Britannica.
[2] ASCC (2014). Tools and Materials for quality teaching and learning, Retrieved from http://www.facebook.com/unite4education.
[3] Australian National University (2014). Teaching room support and equipment. Retrieved from http://itservices. Anu.Edu.au/teaching-and-learningsupport/teaching.
[4] Ekankumo, B. and Kemebaradikuno, N. (2014). Quality financing of higher education in Nigeria: A nostrum for the provision of quality education. Journal of Education and Practice, 5 (19) 62-63.
[5] Federal Republic of Nigeria (FRN) (2013). National Policy on education NERDC: Abuja
[6] Fulmer, J. (2009). “what in the world is infrastructure? “PEI Infrastructure Investor (July/August): 30-32.
[7] Hornby, A.S (2000) Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary of current English (6th ed). London: Oxford Press.
[8] Idogho, P.O (2011). Higher education in Nigeria and the Challenges ahead. Nigeria-European Journal of Education Studies 3(2), 44-41.
[9] Auchi: Ozean publications.
[10] Ike, G.A; Chemezie, O.S and Iwu, A.O. (2002). New educational technology. Owerri: Onii Publishing House.
[11] Nwakaudu, S. (2013). TET Fund and Infrastructural development in Nigeria Federal Universities. Retrieved from www.Thisdaylive.com /article/infrastructural development in Nigeria Universities.
[12] TET Fund (2014). Tertiary Education trust fund Interactive workshop on TET Fund: Guildlines for accessing Intervention funds.
[13] UDU, L.E. & Nkwede, J.O (2014). Tertiary Education Trust Fund Interventions and sustianble Development in Nigerian universities: Evidence from Ebonyi State University, Abakiliki 7(4), Canada: Canada center of Science and Education.

Anorue, Chuks E., Ikediugwu, N. (Prof.) “Tertiary Education Trust Fund Policy on Essential Physical Infrastructure and Instructional Materials and Equipment in South East, Nigeria: Assessment” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.369-374 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5621

Download PDF

pdf

Determinants of the Implementation of Day-Wing Policy in Boarding Secondary Schools in Nairobi City County, Kenya
Oteko Malvine Akinyi, Dr. Wilson Muna – June 2021 – Page No.: 375-384

The government of Kenya believes that the major reason for low enrolment in secondary schools is the high cost of secondary education. The number of students proceeding for secondary education had increased in the recent pastal though a big number of students still did not enroll in secondary schools. The policy of introducing day-wing into selected boarding secondary schools in Kenya was put in place to increase enrolment and to ensure 100 percent transition of students from primary to secondary school after the introduction of subsidized day secondary education and free day secondary education. This study aimed at assessing the determinants of implementation of day-wing policy into boarding secondary schools in Nairobi City County. The study adopted the Systems Theory. The study took place in ten boarding secondary schools in Nairobi City County which had the day-wing program. The study employed descriptive research design. The target population included ten school principals, fifteen deputy principals and six hundred teachers. Data collection instruments included use of questionnaires and interview schedule. Quantitative data was analyzed using frequencies, mean and percentage which was presented on graphs, tables and charts. Thematic analysis was used to analyze qualitative data which was then presented in prose. Before commencing the study, the researcher sort permission from Kenyatta University, the Ministry of Education and principals of the ten boarding secondary schools implementing the day-wing policy. The study found out the introduction of day-wing on boarding secondary schools had put a lot of pressure on the available resources apart from textbooks which the government supplied in surplus. Cases of indiscipline had also increased. Coordination of activities became hectic and teachers had been overstretched due to too much workload. The study recommended that for the policy to be viable, the government needed to provide boarding schools with physical, human and financial resources to cater for increased number of students.

Page(s): 375-384                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 17 July 2021

 Oteko Malvine Akinyi
School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Kenyatta University, Kenya

 Dr. Wilson Muna
School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Kenyatta University, Kenya

[1] Achimugu. L (2016). Factors affecting the effective implementation of senior secondary education chemistry curriculum in Kogi state, Nigeria, International Journal of science and research publication, 6(5), pp. 562 – 566.
[2] Achoka, J. S. K., Wakwabubi, S., Shiundu, J. O., &Ejakait, E. (2018). Students’ Socio-economic Status and Enrolment in Public Secondary Schools in Kenya.IJASSH.
[3] Adeolu J. A and Comfort A. A. (2013). Assessing Principals‟Coordinating and Controlling Strategies for Effective Teaching and Quality Learning Outcome in Secondary Schools in Ondo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, vol. 7, pp. 180-200.
[4] Adika, B. & Sika, J. (2019).Determining Influence Of Teacher’s Workload On Academic Performance In Secondary Schools, Suba Sub-County Kenya. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 6(3), pp. 287-295
[5] African Population Health & Research Centre (APHRC) (2015). Community participation and after-school support to improve learning outcomes and transition to secondary school among disadvantaged girls: A case of informal urban settlements in Nairobi, Kenya. Shelter Afrique Centre.
[6] African Population Health & Research Centre (APHRC) (2007). Factors Affecting Transition to Secondary Education in Africa. Nairobi: Shelter Afrique Centre.
[7] Africa-America Institute (2015). State of education in Africa report, 2015: A report card on the progress, opportunities and challenges confronting the African education sector. Retrieved from:http://www.aaionline.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/AAI-SOE-report-2015-final.pdf[Accessed 15 April 2019]
[8] Agolla, J. E.,& Ongori, H. (2009). An assessment of academic stress among undergraduate students: The case of University of Botswana. Educational Research and Review, 4(2), pp. 63-70.
[9] Akinsanya, O. (2010). Differential Distribution and Utilization of Human and Material Resources on Students Academic Performance in Secondary Schools in Ogun State.
[10] Akpakwu, S.O. (2008). Essentials of educational management. Makurdi, Jalim Press Limited.
[11] Ali, A. A., Dada, I. T., Isiaka, G. A., & Salmon, S. A. (2014). Types, causes and management of indiscipline acts among secondary school students in Shomolu Local Government Area of Lagos State. Journal of Studies in Social Sciences, 8 (2), 254-287.
[12] Amalu, M. N., Ajake, U and Ihejiamaizu, C. (2012). Stress from Role Conflict: Consequences for Professional effectiveness of Secondary School Teachers in Cross River State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Educational Research, vol. 11, (1): 37-47. African Journal for the Study of educational issues,vol. 3(4), pp. 96-108.
[13] Ayeni, A.J. & Aknifolarin, C. A. (2014). Assessing principals coordination and quality learning outcome in secondary schools in Ondo state, Nigeria.International Journal of learning, teaching and educational research 17, (1), 180 – 200.
[14] Bassey, P., Bisong, N., Ubi, I and Isangedighi, A. J. (2011) Comparative Job Performance Effectiveness of Teachers in Public and Private Secondary Schools in Cross River State, Nigeria. Annals of Modern Education, vol. 3, (1), pp. 54-60.
[15] Bondi, J.and Wiles, J. (2007). Curriculum Development, a guide to practice. Columbia Ohio. Met Hill Prentice Hall.
[16] Bouchane, K. (2016). Syria’s $10 Billion Hidden Education Crisis Pho to. Harvard International Review, 37(4), 76.
[17] Bregman, J. (2008). Transitions in Secondary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: Equity and Efficiency Issues. Washington, DC: World Bank. Retrieved from: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/6351/425380PUB0ISBN101OFFICIAL0USE0ONLY1.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
[18] Cheruiyot, P. K. (2012). Strategies adopted by secondary school principal to address the rising cost of education: a case study of Kuresoi District, Nakuru County. University of Nairobi.
[19] Danso, S. (2010). The problem of discipline in light of modern, postmodern discourse, pedagogy, culture and society. University of Cyprus, NICOSIA, Cyprus:
[20] Digumarti; B.R. (2008). Education for all: issues and trends. New Delhi, APH Publishing Corporation
[21] Efanga, S. I. & Gomiluk, O. I. (2014) Educational Costs and Demand for Private Secondary Schools in AkwaIbom State, Nigeria. European Centre or Research Training and Development UK.
[22] Ehindero, O. J., Aladejana, F. O and Jegede, P. O. (2009). Principles and practice of Education. Ile-Ife.ObafemiAwolowo University Press
[23] Enikanselu, S. A. and Oyende, A. I. (2009). Introduction to Management. Lagos: Enykon Consults.
[24] Everard, B., Morris, G. and Wilson, I. (2004). Effective School Management. 4th ed. London: Paul Chapman Publishing
[25] Fenwick, W. (2006). Encyclopediaof Educational Leadership and Administration. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage.
[26] Gakure, R. W., Mukuria, P., & Kithae, P. P. (2013). An evaluation of factors that affect performance of primaryschools in Kenya: A case study of Gatanga District. Educational Research and Reviews, 8(13), 927-937
[27] Gichuiri, E. W. (2003). The Administrative Problems Faced by Headteachers in Transzoia District in Rift Valley Province. Kenyatta University M.Ed. Thesis: Nairobi.
[28] Gitome, J. W, Katola, M. T., & Nyabwari , B. G. (2013). Correlation between students’ discipline andperformance in the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education. International Journal of Education andResearch, 1 (8), 1 – 10.
[29] Gwambombo, I. (2013). The effect of teachers’ workload on student academic performance in community secondary schools: A study of Mbeya city. Open University Tanzania.
[30] Ingrarson, L, et al (2005), Reduction of teacher workload, Messy university (1995). In study on teacher workload by the Newzealand PPTA. New Zealand.
[31] Khanbab, H. (2010). Causes of indiscipline in secondary schools in Ghana. New Delhi: Pitman Publishers.
[32] Koech, S; Tikoko, B and Chemwei, B (2014). Institutional Factors that Influence Teacher Turnover in Public Secondary Schools in Baringo District, Kenya. International Journal of Education and Reference,2(4), pp.89-97
[33] Kilonzo, J. (2009). Challenges faced by headteachers in the management of students’ indiscipline in public secondary schools in Lamu County. Kenyatta University M.Ed. Thesis: Nairobi.
[34] Lengoiboni, G. (2005). Responding to Teaching Challenges: The Revised Code of Regulations. Teachers Image: Oakland Media Services. Nairobi Kenya
[35] McGrath, S. (2007) Transnational, Globalization and education and training: evidence from the South African automotive sector. Journal of Vocational Education and Training, vol.59(4), pp.575-589.
[36] Marais, P., & Meier, C. (2010). Disruptive behaviour in the foundation phase of schooling. South African Journal of Education, 30 (1), 41-57.
[37] Martinez, M., Smith, B. and Humphreys, K. (2013). Creating a Service Culture in Higher Education Administration. Stylus Publishing
[38] Mbaabu, L. M. (2004). Administrative Challenges Faced by Secondary School Head teachers in Meru South District. Kenyatta University M.Ed. Thesis. Nairobi
[39] Mbiti, M. P. (2007). Foundation of School Administration. Nairobi: Oxford University Press
[40] Ministry of Education, Science & Technology (2014).2014 Basic Education Statistical Booklet.
[41] Mutegi, M. A. (2008). Administrative Challenges Encountered by District Secondary Schools Headteachers in Tharaka District, Eastern Province, Kenya. Unpublished MEd Thesis, Kenyatta University, Nairobi.
[42] Mutembei, L. N. (2012). Challenges facing headteachers in managing day secondary schools in Imenti south District Meru County Kenya. Master of Education Project. Kenyatta University.
[43] Mwaniki, J. W. (2011). Factors contributing to indiscipline among secondary schools student in Mathira West District, Central Province, Kenya. Unpublished M.Ed. Project, Moi University.
[44] Nkanata, F. K. (2013). Headteachers administrative challenges that affect academic performance of day secondary schools in Igoji East Division of Meru County Kenya. Kenyatta University.
[45] Njega-Orlale, L. (2008). Employee Performance Management Practices in the Kenya Local Government Sector: A Case Study of the City Council of Nairobi. Unpublished MBA Thesis.University of Nairobi.
[46] Nyaga R. (2004). Challenges Facing Headteachers in Kibera Slum, Nairobi. University of Nairobi. Unpublished Thesis
[47] Nzuki P.W. (2004). The administrative challenges faced by headteachers of secondary schools in Malindi. Kenyatta University.
[48] Ofoyuru, D.T.& Too-Okema, L. (2011). Strategies of managing students Discipline in secondary schools in Gulu District, Uganda. International journal of Current research 3(11), pp. 233-236.
[49] Okwisa, R. (2008) A study of the administrative challenges faced by public secondary school head teachers in selected schools in Vihiga District, Kenya. International Journal of Science and Research, vol. 3, pp-222-228.
[50] Okebukola, P.A. and Jegede, O.F. (1999). Determinants of Occupational Stress among Teachers in Nigeria. Educational Studies, vol. 21, pp. 129-138
[51] Okumbe, J. A. (2001). Human Resource Management: An Educational Perspective. Educational Development and Research Bureau: Nairobi.
[52] Omae, N. S., Onderi, H. N., &Mwebi, B. (2017). Implications of Co-Curricular Activities on Quality Education in Public Secondary Schools in Kenya.Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 4(1), pp. 106-120.
[53] Orure, R. A. (2006). Administrative Challenges Facing Public Secondary School Head teachers in Kajiado District: Unpublished MEd Thesis, Kenyatta University
[54] Owuor M. (2010) Administration Challenges faced by secondary school head teachers in Starehe Division Nairobi. Kenyatta University.
[55] Powers, K. and Schloss, P. J. (2017). Organization and Administration in Higher Education. 2nd ed. Routledge
[56] Republic of Kenya (2007). Kenya Vision 2030: A Globally Competitive and Prosperous Kenya. Nairobi: Government Press. Retrieved from: https://www.researchictafrica.net/countries/kenya/Kenya_Vision_2030_-_2007.pdf[Accessed 20 April 2019]Rebore, R. (2011). The Essentials of Human Resources Administration in Education. 1st ed. Pearson
[57] Republic of Kenya (2010). Constitution of Kenya, 2010. Nairobi: Government Press
[58] Riaz, M. N. (2000). Student evaluation of University teaching quality: Analysis of a teacher’s rating scale for a sample of university student. Journal of psychological Research, vol. 36(2), pp. 141-146
[59] Scott, R. W. (2008). Organizations and organizing: Rational, natural, and open systems perspectives. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
[60] Smith, W. C., Fraser, P., Chykina, V., Ikoma, S., Levitan, J., Liu, J., &Mahfouz, J. (2017). Global citizenship and the importance of education in a globally integrated world. Globalization, Societies and Education, 15(5), 648-665.
[61] Strike, K. A., Haller, E. J. and Soltis. J. F. (2005). The Ethics of School Administration. Teachers College Press.
[62] Tikoko, J. B., & Bomett, J. E. (2011). Discipline practices in coeducational boarding schools and their impact onthe academic performance of the boy-child in Kenya. International Journal of Current Research, 3(7),285-291.
[63] Troman, G. (2008). Living at a hundred miles an hour: Primary teachers’ perceptions of work and stress. Paper presented at the British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, Queen’s University, Belfast, August 27-30.
[64] United Nations (2019). Sustainable Development Goals: Quality Education. Retrieved from: https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/education/ [Accessed 24 May 2019].
[65] Wakoli, C. (2013) Effects of Workload on the Teachers’ Performance in Kanduyi Division, Bungoma District. International Journal of Science and Research, 6, pp.179-188.
[66] Zhao, R., & Kuo, Y. –L. (2015). The role of self-discipline in predicting achievement for 10th graders. International Journal of Intelligent Technologies and Applied Statistics, 8(1), pp. 61-70
[67] Zubaida, A.N. (2009).Indiscipline and its Management Techniques: A case study of a special education schoolin Kano State. The journal of the National Council for exceptional children, 11 (2), pp. 455-463

Oteko Malvine Akinyi, Dr. Wilson Muna “Determinants of the Implementation of Day-Wing Policy in Boarding Secondary Schools in Nairobi City County, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.375-384 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/375-384.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Assessment of Effect of Qualitative-Descriptive and Quantitative Evaluation Methods on Mathematics Interest In Primary Schools in Benue-State

Buluku A, Emaikwu S. O. – June 2021 Page No.: 385-390

The study assessed the effectiveness of qualitative-descriptive evaluation method and quantitative evaluation methods on Mathematics interest of Primary School Pupils in Benue State. The design was non randomized control group, pretest – posted research design. 5463pupils of primary five formed the population while 201 pupils were sampled using intact class. Three research questions and one research hypothesis guided the study. Mathematics Interest Inventory (MII) was the instrument used for collecting data. Data analysis was carried out using mean, standard deviation and ANCOVA statistics tool. The findings revealed that; there was significant difference in mean interest of pupils when qualitative-descriptive and quantitative evaluation methods were used with qualitative descriptive group having higher mean of the interest rating. The study concluded that, Pupils interest in Mathematics is higher in the group evaluated using qualitative descriptive evaluation method. Primary School Teachers were therefore encouraged to adopt qualitative descriptive method of evaluation

Page(s): 385-390                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 July 2021

  Buluku A
Department of Educational Foundations and General Studies Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

  Emaikwu S. O.
Department of Educational Foundations and General Studies Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

[1] Abdullahi, A. (2013). An investigation into the status of primary science teaching. Nigeria Journal of the Science Teachers Association of Nigeria 20 (2), 193-200.
[2] Adikwu, O. Aduloju, M.O. & Agi, C. I. (2016) Educational Research Methods and Statistics. Makurdi. Selfers press.
[3] Agi C. I, Akem J.A. & Pila N. (2008). Evaluation of the Implementation of Universal Basic Education Program in Benue State. Journal. Vol 2, 64-75.
[4] Ahmed, T. (2012). Descriptive evaluation of the primary schools: an Overview. Journal of management research 7(4), 15-17.
[5] Akinoso, S.O. (2011) Correlates of some factors affecting students’ achievement in secondary school mathematics in Osun State. In International journal of education, science, mathematics and environmental studies (1JESMES), University of Abuja 3(10, 83-95).
[6] Ali, A. (2006). Conducting Research in Education and Social Sciences. Nsukka: Enugu: Tashiwa network ltd press.
[7] Ali, M. (2019). Boosting interest and achievement in Number Base. The Journal of Science Teachers’ Association of Nigeria (STAN). 7 (3), 26-33.
[8] Alonge, M. F. (2004). Measurement and evaluation in education and psychology. Ado-Ekiti: Adebayo printing (Nig) Ltd
[9] Ameh, H & Dantani, I. (2012). Assessment of Learning Achievement of Primary Four Pupils. SCAPs Production 6(6), 23-26.
[10] Bala, A. & Musa, B. (2009). Effect of the use of number base game on senior secondary School Achievement in Number Bases. ABACUS: The Journal of the Mathematical Association of Nigeria (MAN), 31 (1), 103-109.
[11] Chapman C. A. (2009). Monitoring of learning achievement for primary school pupils. Retrieved October 2017, from http//:chapmanresearch.mcgill.ca/index.html.
[12] Emaikwu, S.O. (2016). Fundamentals of Research Methodology and Statistics. Makurdi. (Revised Edition) Selfers Academic Press.
[13] Fakhrolla, N, & Afsaneh, E (2012). International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences. 8 (1): 8- 15 www.irjabs.com,
[14] Farnaz, Mohammad & Shahvarani (2015). Descriptive Qualitative Method of Evaluation from the Viewpoint of Math Teachers and Its Comparison with the Quantitative Evaluation. Journal of science and todays’ world.4(12) 100-106.
[15] Federal Republic of Nigeria (2018) National policy on Education. Lagos: NERDC Press.
[16] Hasani, M. 2009. Descriptive evaluation (new method in educational evaluations). Tehran: Canadian center of science and education.
[17] Havelka, A. (2008). Classroom assessment minute by minute, day by day. Journal of Educational leadership. 6(3), 19-24.www.Ascd.org/portal/site/ascd/template
[18] Idigo, E.C. (2010). Effective method of Retaining Students Interest in Mathematics in Secondary Schools in Enugu East local Government area of Enugu State, Unpublished pG Thesis, Institute of Ecumenical Education, Thinker’s Corner, Enugu, in Affiliation with (ESUT), Enugu.
[19] JETs (2018) The fate of Science tomorrow, Junior Engineers And Technicians journal. 3(3), 17-21.
[20] Kobra, F & Alireza, F. (2015). The impact of descriptive evaluation on improving the quality of teaching – learning of primary students in Tehran from teachers’ point of view.Masters dsertation, Tehran payam Noor university.
[21] Mcphee, J. (2009) Grooming Outstanding Originality Defining Styles (G.O.O.D.S). www.thegoodsmag.com
[22] Nwafor , F. (2012) mathematics: An Essential tool for technological development. Journal of the Science Teachers Association of Nigeria 20 (5), 93-100.
[23] Nworgu, B.G. (2011b). Educational Research: Basic Issues and Methodology. Nsukka: University Trust Publishers.
[24] Obayemi, M. (2013). Understanding the pythagoras theorem: Effect of the use of the laboratory teaching method. The Journalof Science Teachers’ Association of Nigeria STAN ). 7 (6), 116-123.
[25] Odum, C. (2013) Socio-Economic Determinants of Academic Performances in Aguata Local Government Area, Anambra: University. Press Plc.
[26] Ogunniyi N.G (2009). ). Effect of the enquiry method on students interest and achievement in Number Bases. The Journalof Science Teachers’ Association of Nigeria (STAN). 7 (4), 86-93.
[27] Ojimba O.(2013). Factors Affecting Students’ Achievement in Secondary school mathematics in kwara State. In International journal of education, science, mathematics and environmental studies (1 JESMES), 3(10), 68-75.
[28] Saeed, M. (2015). Assessment achievement of primary grader students and factors affecting achievement in Pakistan. The International Journal of Education Management,19, 486-490. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09513540510617436
[29] Seif, A.A. (2008). New Training Psychology, Learning Psychology and Education. International education studies. 5(4) 117-126.
[30] Yusuf, A.F. (2011), “Influence of family status variables on undergraduates academic performances in economics: Implications for counseling”, Online Journal of Social Sciences Research 1 (6), 185-191.

Buluku A, Emaikwu S. O. “Assessment of Effect of Qualitative-Descriptive and Quantitative Evaluation Methods on Mathematics Interest In Primary Schools in Benue-State” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.385-390 June 2021  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/385-390.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Reasons of Apathy to Pandemic Instructions: Scenario in Bangladesh

Md. Easin Ahmed – June 2021 Page No.: 391-393

Covid-19 has caused much suffering to the world. No nation could get an exemption from this contagion. To reduce impairments, people had to follow instructions given by doctors, health organizations, and governments. This research affirmed massive amount of people had always been apathetic to the given pandemic instructions and their health. This paper’s purpose is to let disaffiliates know why many people are neglecting their life risk within this pandemic. It also may help to take some essential steps to reduce infection and death cases. Applying a total of 10 focus group discussions in May and June of 2020 to almost 80 random participants from roadsides and tea stalls, this paper upholds some basic narratives that demonstrate the scenario of the pandemic in Khulna, Bangladesh. Lacking proper knowledge, Frustration, Financial condition, Communication barriers, and many more reasons are liable for this kind of behavior. The media also played a very significant role. All these suggest that there are some obvious reasons for them to disregard the given instructions.

Page(s): 391-393                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5622

 Md. Easin Ahmed
Khulna University, Bangladesh

[1] Dey, S.K., Rahman, M., Siddiqi, U.R. et al. Exploring Epidemiological Behavior of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Outbreak in Bangladesh. SN Compr. Clin. Med. 2, 1724–1732 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42399-020-00477-9
[2] Saleh, A. (2020), In Bangladesh, COVID-19 threatens to cause a humanitarian crisis, <https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/04/in-bangladesh-covid-19-could-cause-a-humanitarian-crisis/?fbclid=IwAR1jmX4gpYIQrJLEkBSUHd4ThcIO7eceRi2CpcCn7rfGfRzVgY0nx9aClQY>
[3] Worldometer. (2020) Covid-19 Coronavirus Pandemic. Available at: www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/
[4] Worldometer. (2021) Bangladesh Population 2021. Available at: https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/bangladesh-population/

Md. Easin Ahmed, “Reasons of Apathy to Pandemic Instructions: Scenario in Bangladesh” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.391-393 June 2021  DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5622

Download PDF

pdf

Human Resource Planning and Organizational Performance: A study of Telecom Companies in Port Harcourt A study of Telecom Companies in Port Harcourt

Nwachukwu, Precious Ikechukwu, Nchey, Gabriel Achukwu, Oshogbunu, Esther Ogochukwu, Sokari, Ndomokidem Myra – June 2021 Page No.: 394-398

The study was to investigate the influence of Human resource planning on organizational performance. The objective of this research is to determine the influence of human resource planning on organizational performance in the telecom company in Port Harcourt. The study used a well structured questionnaire to obtain data from 160 top managers and middle level managers. Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 23.0 was utilized for data analysis and regression analysis for the hypotheses. Findings from the study disclosed. HRP has a significant influence on organizational performance (R=0.563, R2= 0.318, P=0.000). Furthermore, finding suggests that an effective human resource planning such as anticipating manpower factors of job satisfaction, understanding peoples need, utilization, motivation, compensation and training and development packages have the capacity to assist the organization in modifying the behavior, increase creativity and increase its workers level of innovativeness and commitment towards improving organizational performance. It was recommended that Companies should spend more on Human Resources; which can lead towards High performance achievement.

Page(s): 394-398                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 July 2021

 Nwachukwu, Precious Ikechukwu
Department of Petroleum Marketing and Business Studies, Federal Polytechnic of Oil And Gas Bonny, Rivers State, Nigeria .

  Nchey, Gabriel Achukwu
Department of management, Ignatuis Ajuru university of Education Rumuolumini, Port Harcourt, Rivers state, Nigeria, Nigeria

 Oshogbunu, Esther Ogochukwu
Department of management, Ignatuis Ajuru university of Education Rumuolumini, Port Harcourt, Rivers state, Nigeria

  Sokari, Ndomokidem Myra
Department of management, Ignatuis Ajuru university of Education Rumuolumini, Port Harcourt, Rivers state, Nigeria

[1] Ake, C. 2001, Democracy and development in Africa, Ibadan: Spectrum Books Limited.
[2] Ashwathappa, K., (2002), human Resources & personal Management, (4th Ed) Hill Publication.
[3] Collins, R. R., (1987). The strategic contributions of the human resource function. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources; 25,(5): 5-20.
[4] Schuler, R. S and Macmillan, I. C., (1984).Gaining competitive advantage through human resource management practices. Human Resource Management: 23, (3):241-256.
[5] Gary Dessler (2003), Human Resources Management,(3rd Ed) Prentice Hall.
[6] Hartmann, A. (2006). The role of organizational culture in motivating innovative behavior in construction firms. Construction Innovation, 6 (3), 159-172.
[7] Mills ,D. Q. (1985). Planning with people in mind, Harvard Business Review, 97-105
[8] Kaplan, M., Ogut, E., Kaplan, A., & Aksay, K. (2012). The relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment: The case of hospital employees. World Journal of Management, 4(1), 22-29.
[9] Keupp, M. M., Palmie, M., & Gassmann, O. (2012). The strategic management of innovation: A systematic review and paths for future research. International Journal of Management Reviews, 14, 367–390.
[10] Khan, M. A., (2010). Effects of human resource management practices on organizational performance. An empirical study of oil and gas industry in Pakistan. European Journal of Economics, Financial and Administrative Sciences, 24, (158):1450-2275.
[11] Lok, P. & Crawford, J. (2003).The effect of organizational culture and leadership style on job satisfaction and organizational commitment: A cross-national comparison. Journal of Management Development, 23:321-338.
[12] Omodia, S. M. 2009, Manpower development in Nigeria: conceptual and methodological perspectives, Journal of Social Sciences, 18(2):113-117
[13] Sunil, J. R., (2003). Measuring human resource management’s effectiveness in improving performance. Human Resource Planning; 26, (1): 51-66.
[14] Susan, E Jackson & Randall, S.S., (1990), HRP Challenges for Industrial /Organizational Psychologists, American Psychologists, 45(2):220 – 223.
[15] Yang, J. T. (2010). Antecedents and consequences of job satisfaction in the hotel industry. Journal of Hospitality Management, 29(4), 609-619.

Nwachukwu, Precious Ikechukwu, Nchey, Gabriel Achukwu, Oshogbunu, Esther Ogochukwu, Sokari, Ndomokidem Myra, “Human Resource Planning and Organizational Performance: A study of Telecom Companies in Port Harcourt” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.394-398 June 2021  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/394-398.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

An Assessment of the Level of Implementation of Procurement Management Practices in the Public Sector

Isidore Komla Zotoo, Rejoice Worlasi Zotoo, Lu zhangping- June 2021 – Page No.: 395-404

This study aimed at assessing the level of implementation of procurement management practices in the public sector of Ghana. To achieve this, the study adopted an exploratory research design and a quantitative research approach. The study further adopted the use of judgement sampling technique and questionnaire were used to select and collect data from 56 employees of the Ghana Revenue Authority.
The findings revealed that, the major procurement management practices GRA engages in during a typical procurement process include transparency, information accessibility and availability and efficiency and effectiveness and these practices were visible during the sourcing, contract management, storage, distribution and disposal, qualification and monitoring and evaluation processes. Additionally, it was found that, the level of compliance to the procurement regulations among employees of GRA during a typical procurement process was high.
The findings further revealed that, the execution of procurement management practices at the GRA, face a number of challenges.
The study recommended that, there is a need for more transparency, punishment for flouting of procurement regulations, less government interferences and clarity in communication for employees and suppliers.

Page(s): 395-404                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 July 2021

DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5623

 

 Isidore Komla Zotoo
Jiangsu University, School of Management China

  Rejoice Worlasi Zotoo
Ghana Communication and Technology University, Ghana

 Lu zhangping
Jiangsu University, School of Management China

[1] Abdullah, Maizatulakma, Noradiva Hamzah, Mohd Helmi Ali, Ming-Lang Tseng, and Matthew Brander. 2020. “The Southeast Asian haze: The quality of environmental disclosures and firm performance.” Journal of Cleaner Production 246:118958.
[2] Abutabenjeh, Sawsan. 2021. “Strategic management in state government two servants of the same master: Procurement and finance.” International Journal of Public Administration 44 (7):607-621.
[3] Akinkunmi, Olutayo Gabriel, Douglas Omoregie Aghimien, and Oluwaseyi Alabi Awodele. 2018. “Appraising the use of labour-only procurement system for building construction in Nigeria.” Organization, technology management in construction: an international journal 10 (1):1719-1726.
[4] Ambe, Intaher Marcus. 2019. “The role of public procurement to socio-economic development.” Journal of Procurement Management 12 (6):652-668.
[5] Bals, Lydia, and Virpi Turkulainen. 2017a. “Achieving efficiency and effectiveness in Purchasing and Supply Management: Organization design and outsourcing.” Journal of Purchasing Supply Management 23 (4):256-267.
[6] Bals, Lydia, and Virpi Turkulainen. 2017b. “Achieving efficiency and effectiveness in Purchasing and Supply Management: Organization design and outsourcing.” J Journal of Purchasing Supply Management 23 (4):256-267.
[7] Bhattacherjee, Anol. 2012. “Social science research: Principles, methods, and practices.”
[8] Bonifield, Carolyn M, and Catherine A Cole. 2020. “COMPREHENSION OF AND VULNERABILITY TO PERSUASIVE MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS AMONG OLDER CONSUMERS.” The Aging Consumer: Perspectives from Psychology Marketing:182.
[9] Edler, Jakob, and Jillian Yeow. 2016. “Connecting demand and supply: The role of intermediation in public procurement of innovation.” Research Policy 45 (2):414-426.
[10] Harrison, Helena, Melanie Birks, Richard Franklin, and Jane Mills. 2017. “Case study research: Foundations and methodological orientations.” Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research.
[11] Heath, Joseph, and Wayne Norman. 2004. “Stakeholder theory, corporate governance and public management: what can the history of state-run enterprises teach us in the post-Enron era?” Journal of business ethics 53 (3):247-265.
[12] Knack, Stephen, Nataliya Biletska, and Kanishka Kacker. 2019. “Deterring kickbacks and encouraging entry in public procurement markets: Evidence from firm surveys in 90 developing countries.” The World Bank Economic Review 33 (2):287-309.
[13] Kwasi, Stephen Nkesah. 2020. “Suppliers Approach to Sustainable Procurement: A Case Study of Ghana Cocoa Board.” Høgskolen i Molde-Vitenskapelig høgskole i logistikk.
[14] Luu, Ngoc, Jack Cadeaux, and Liem Viet Ngo. 2018. “Governance mechanisms and total relationship value: the interaction effect of information sharing.” Journal of Business Industrial Marketing.
[15] Lyrio, Maurício Vasconcellos Leão, Rogério João Lunkes, and Emma Teresa Castelló Taliani. 2018. “Thirty years of studies on transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector: The state of the art and opportunities for future research.” Public Integrity 20 (5):512-533.
[16] Nadi, Mohammad Ali. 2018. “The structural model of relationship between organizational trust and organizational commitmen with knowledge sharing behavior: The mediation of organizational culture and organizational Health Teachers.” Journal of New Approaches in Educational Administration 9 (35):291-310.
[17] Sarfo, Patrick Adu, and Richard Baah-Mintah. 2013. “Assessing the effect of the procurement act (663) on the public financial management in Ashanti region.” American Journal of Rural Development 1 (4):91-98.
[18] Sönnichsen, Sönnich Dahl, and Jesper Clement. 2020. “Review of green and sustainable public procurement: Towards circular public procurement.” Journal of cleaner production 245:118901.
[19] Stebbins, Robert A. 2001. Exploratory research in the social sciences. Vol. 48: Sage.
[20] Suryanto, Tulus, Muhammad Haseeb, and Nira Hariyatie Hartani. 2018. “The correlates of developing green supply chain management practices: Firms level analysis in Malaysia.” International Journal of Supply Chain Management 7 (5):316.
[21] TIREFA, WOSSENE MESELE. 2019. “Baynesagn Asfaw (Ph. D.).” Ethiopian Civil Service University.
[22] Titl, Vitezslav, and Benny Geys. 2019. “Political donations and the allocation of public procurement contracts.” European Economic Review 111:443-458.
[23] Tufford, Lea, and Peter Newman. 2012. “Bracketing in qualitative research.” Qualitative social work 11 (1):80-96.
[24] Wilmshurst, Trevor D, and Geoffrey R Frost. 2000. “Corporate environmental reporting.” Accounting, Auditing Accountability Journal.

Isidore Komla Zotoo, Rejoice Worlasi Zotoo, Lu zhangping “An Assessment of the Level of Implementation of Procurement Management Practices in the Public Sector” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.395-404 June 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5623

Download PDF

pdf

Collaboration within a Supply Chain and Corprate Wellness of Digital TV Firms in Rivers State

Oladapo Taiwo & Kalu, Sylva Ezema- June 2021 – Page No.: 405-412

Surviving and building an advantage in the digital T.V industry depends on how well firms are able to collaborate with other members of their complex supply chain network. This study examined the relationship between collaborative supply chain strategies such as decision synchronization and incentive alignment and Corprate wellness metric, customer patronage. A cross- sectional survey research design was adopted for this study. A population of 36 was adopted, comprising of sales representative, dealer supports and customer care representatives. 36 copies of structured questionnaire was issued out and retrieved. Analysis of the data was done through the use of descriptive tables, charts, and kendall-Tau-b correlation coefficient of the SPSS version 22.0 package. The study concluded that decision synchronization and incentive alignment significantly influence customer patronage. This study recommends that digital T.V firms should imbibe decision synchronization and incentive alignment in order to achieve increased customer patronage.

Page(s): 405-412                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 July 2020

 

 Oladapo Taiwo
Department of Marketing, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

  Kalu, Sylva Ezema
Department of Marketing, University of Port Harcourt

[1] Adams, C.L. and Goldsmith, P. D. (1999). Conditions for successful strategic alliances in the food industry.International Food and Agribusiness M
[2] Adams FG, Richey, RG, Autry, CW, Morgan, TR, and Gabler, CB (2014). Supply chain collaboration, Integration, and relational technology: how complex operant resources increase performance outcomes. Journal of Business Logistics 35 pp 299-317
[3] Anderson, P. (1999). Complexity theory and organization science. Organization Science. 10(3), 216–232. doi:10.1287/orsc.10.3.216
[4] Anscombe, J. and Kearney, A.T. (1994). Partnership or Power Play? Logistics Focus 2 (6): pp. 18-21.
[5] Bahinipati,B.k., Kanda, A., and Deshmukh., (2009). Horizontal collaboration in semiconductor industry supply chain: An evaluation of collaboration intensity index. Comput. Ind. Eng., 57:880-895
[6] Barratt, M. (2004). Understanding the Meaning of Collaboration in the Supply Chain. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal. 9 (1), 30–42.
[7] Bunduchi, R. (2008). Trust, Power and Transaction Costs in B2B Exchanges—A Socioeconomic Approach. Industrial Marketing Management, 37 (5), 610–622.
[8] Bechtel, C. and Jayaram, J. (1997) Supply Chain Management: A Strategic Perspective. The International Journal of Logistics Management 8 (1):pp. 15-34.
[9] Braithwaite, A. (1998). The Nine Maxims of Supply Chain Management. Proceedings of the Logistics Research Network Conference.10/11 Sep 98. 456-471.
[10] Brudan, A. (2010). Rediscovering performance management: systems, learning and integration, Measuring Business Excellence. 14 (1). 109-123.
[11] Bowersox, Donald J.,(1990). The Strategic Benefits of Logistics Alliances.Harvard Business Review. 68( 4) 36-43.
[12] Cao, M. & Zhang, Q. (2011). Supply Chain Collaboration: Impact on Collaborative Advantage and Firm Performance. Journal of Operations Management, 29 (3), 163–180.
[13] Choi, T. Y., Dooley, K. J., & Rungtusanatham, M. (2001). Supply networks and complex adaptive systems: Control versus emergence. Journal of Operations Management, 19, 351–366. doi:10.1016/ S0272- 6963(00)00068-1.
[14] Christopher, M. (1992). Logistics & Supply Chain Management: Strategies for ReducingCosts & Improving Services. London: Pitman.
[15] Christopher, M. (2005) Logistics and Supply Chain Management: Creating Value-AddingNetworks. UK: Pearson Education Ltd.
[16] Crook, TR, Giunipero, L, Reus, TH, Handfield, R, and Williams, SK (2008) Antecedents and outcomes of supply chain effectiveness: an exploratory investigation Journal of Managerial Issues 20 161-177
[17] Cooper, M.C. and Ellram, L.M. (1993) Characteristics of Supply Chain Management & the Implications for Purchasing & Logistics Strategy. The International Journal of Logistics Management 4 (2).13-24.
[18] Cooper, M.C., Lambert, D.M. and Pagh, J.D. (1997). Supply Chain Management: More than a New Name for Logistics. The International Journal of Logistics Management 8 (1):pp.1-14.
[19] Cooper, M.C., Ellram, L.M., Gardner, J.T. and Hanks, A.M. (1997b). Meshing multiple Alliances. International Journal of Business Logistics. 18( 1). 67-89.
[20] Cox, A. and Lamming, R.(1997) Managing supply in the firm of the future. European Journal of Purchasing& Supply Management 3. 53-62.
[21] Daugherty, P. J., Ellinger, A. E., & Gustin, C. M. (1996). Integrated logistics: Achieving logistics Performanceimprovements. Supply Chain Management, 1(3), 25–33. doi:10.1108/13598549610155297
[22] David, R. J., & Han, S.-K. (2004). A systematic assessment of the empirical support for transaction cost economics. Strategic Management Journal, 25, 39–58. doi:10.1002/smj.359
[23] Dyer, J. H. (1997). Effective Interfirm Collaboration: How Firms Minimize Transaction Costs and Maximize. Transaction Value. Strategic Management Journal, 18 (7), 535–556.
[24] Didonet, R. S., Frega, R. J., Toaldo, M. M. A., & Diaz, G. (2014). The Role of Supply Chain Integration in The Relationship Between Market Orientation and Performance in SMEs. International Journal
[25] Of Business Science and Applied Management, 9 (2). 16–29.
[26] Ding, H, Guo, B, and Liu, Z (2011). Information sharing and profit allotment based on supply chain cooperation. International Journal of Production Economics. 133.70-79
[27] Eyaa, S, Ntayi, JM, and Namagembe, S (2010). Collaborative relationships and SME supply chain performance. World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development 6. 233-245.
[28] Ellram, L.M and M.C. Cooper, (1990). Supply chain management, partnership, and the shipper-third Party relationship. International journal of logistic management. 1:1-10
[29] Faulkner, DO and de Rond, M. (2000). Cooperative Strategy: Economic, Business and Organizational Issues Oxford University Press. New York.7-32.
[30] Fisher, Marshall L., Janice H. Hammond, Walter R. Obermeyer and Ananth Raman (1994). Making Supply Meet Demand in An Uncertain World.Harvard Business Review. 72(3). 83-93.
[31] Flynn, BB, Huo, B and Zhao, X (2010). The impact of supply chain integration on performance: a contingency and configuration approach Journal of Operations Management 28. 58-71
[32] Forrester, J. W. (1961). Industrial dynamics.Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
[33] Frohlich, M.T. and R. Westbrook, (2001). Arcs of integration: An international study of supply strategies. Journal of operations. Management. 19. 185-200.
[34] Grant, K, Hackey, R and Edgar, D (2010). Strategic Information Systems Management Singapore.Seng Lee Press
[35] Gupta, S. and Zeithaml, V. (2006). Customer Metrics and Their Impact on Financial Performance. Marketing Science. 25(6).718-739
[36] Hammond, Janice H., (1993). Quick Response in Retail/Manufacturing Channels. Harvard Business School Press. 185-214.
[37] Lee, H.L (2002). Aligning supply chsin strategies with product uncertainties. Califonia management Review. 44(3), 105-19.
[38] Premus, R. & Sanders, N. (2008). Information sharing in global supply chain alliances. Journal of Asia-Pacific Business, 9(2),174-192.
[39] Scholten, K. & Schilder, S. (2015). The role of collaboration in supply chain resilience, Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 20(4). 471-484.
[40] Maduka, C. (2014) Demands and Resources Management in the Era of Digitization, at an NBC organized seminar, Lagos
[41] Hudnurkar, M, Jakhar, S, and Rathod, U (2014). Factors affecting collaboration in supply chain: a literature review. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 133. 189-202.
[42] Horvath, L., (2001). Collaboration: The key to value creation in supply management. Supply chain management International. Journal. 6. 205-207.
[43] Haji-Pakir, MI, and Alina, S (2010). Level of supply chain collaboration of Malaysian SME manufacturers In Management of Innovation and Technology (ICMIT), 2010 IEEE International Conference on pp 169-174.
[44] Harland, C. (1996a). The case of health supplies. European Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management 2.183-192.
[45] Hofstede, G. & Hofstede, G.J. (2005). Culture and Organizations: Software of the Mind. New York. NY: McGraw-Hill.
[46] Hines, P. and Jones, O. (1996) Achieving Mutual Trust. Purchasing & Supply Management (Jan): p 4. Hobbs,
[47] Holland, J. H., & Miller, J. H. (1991). Artificial adaptive agents in economic theory. The American Economic Review. 81(2), 365–370.
[48] Hui, Z, He-Cheng, W, and Min-Fei, Z (2015). Partnership management, supply chain collaboration, and Firm innovation performance: an empirical examination International Journal of Innovation Science. 7.127-138.
[49] Hunt, S. D., & Morgan, R. M. (1995). The comparative advantage theory of competition. Journal of Marketing, 59(2), 1–15. doi:10.2307/1252069.
[50] Jonsson, P., & Mattsson, S.-A. (2012). The value of sharing information in supply chains. International Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management, 43(4), 282–299.
[51] Kohli, AS, and Jensen, JB (2010) Assessing effectiveness of supply chain collaboration: an empirical study In Supply Chain Forum: An International Journal 11. 2-16.
[52] Kampstra, R.P, Ashayeri, J., Gattorna, J.L. (2006).Realities of supply chain collaboration.The International Journal of Logistics Management. 17 (3) 312 – 330.
[53] Kanter, R. M. (1994). Collaborative Advantage: The Art of Alliances. Harvard Business Review, July August, 96–108.
[54] Kaplan, R.S. and Norton, D.P. (2001). The strategy-focused organization, Harvard Business School Press, Boston
[55] Katunzi, TM, and Zheng, Q (2010). Tanzanian SMEs’ perceptions towards adoption of supply chain management (SCM) strategy. International Journal of Business and Management 5 p. 42.
[56] Kempainen, K and Vepsalainen, APJ. (2003). Trends in industrial supply chains and networks. Internal Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management 33 (8). 701-719.
[57] Kern, T and Willcocks, L. (2002).Exploring relationships in information technology outsourcing: the Interaction approach. European Journal of Information Systems 11. 3-19.
[58] Kotler, P., Keller, K.L., Brady, M., Goodman, M. and Hansens, T. (2009). Marketing Management,Pearson Education Limited, London.
[59] Kumar, K., (2001). Technology for supporting supply chain management. Introduction. Commun. ACM., 44: 58-61.
[60] Lamberti, L. and Noci, G. (2010). Marketing strategy and marketing performance measurement system: Exploring the relationship.European Management Journal. 28(2). 139-152
[61] Lambert, D.M., Emmelhainz, P. and Gardner, J. (1996), “Classifying relationships”, Marketing Management. 5 (2). 28.
[62] Lambert, D. M., Margaret A. E. and John T. G., (1999). Building Successful Partnerships. Journal of Business Logistics. 20( 1). 165-181.
[63] Lambert, Douglas M., James R. Stock and Lisa M. Ellram (1998). Fundamentals of Logistics Management, Burr Ridge, IL: Irwin/McGraw-Hill.
[64] Lamming, R. (1993). Beyond Partnership: Strategies for Innovation & Lean Supply. Prentice Hall, London.
[65] Lee, H.L, and Whang, S (2000). Information sharing in a supply chain. International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management (1) 79-93.
[66] Lee, H.L., (2000). Creating value through supply chain integration. supply chain management. Rev., (4) 30- 36.
[67] Lee, H.L., Padmanabhan, V. and Whang, S. (1997a). The bullwhip effect in supply chains1. Sloan Manage.
[68] Rev., (38) 93- 102 Lee, H. L., Padmanabhan, V., & Whang, S. (1997b). Information distortion in a supply chain: The bullwhip effect. Management Science, 43(4), 546–558. doi:10.1287/mnsc.43.4.546
[69] Leiblein, M. J. (2003). The choice of organizational governance form and performance: Predictions from transaction cost, resource-based, and realoptions theories. Journal of Management, 29(6), 937–961.
[70] Leavitt, W. (2000). Data, Data Everywhere. Fleet Owner. 95( 8). 95-103.
[71] Lummus, R. R., & Vokurka, R. J. (1999). Managing the demand chain through managing the information flow: Capturing ‘moments of information. Production and Inventory Management Journal. 40(1), 16–20.
[72] Lynch, D. F. & Nyaga, G. N. (2010). A Buyer’s Perspective on Collaborative Versus Transactional Relationships. Industrial Marketing Management, 39 (3). 507–518.
[73] Macbeth, D.K. and Ferguson, N. (1994). Partnership Sourcing: An Integrated Supply Chain Management Approach. London: Pitman.
[74] Matthyssens, P. and Van den Bulte, C. (1994). Getting Closer and Nicer: Partnerships in the Supply Chain. Long Range Planning 27 (1). 72-83.
[75] Maloni, M. and Benton, W.C. (2000). Power influences in the supply chain. Journal of Business Logistics. 21 (1). 49-73.
[76] Mackelprang, AW, and Malhotra, MK (2015) The impact of bullwhip on supply chains: Performance pathways, control mechanisms, and managerial levers. Journal of Operations Management 36. 15-32
[77] Manthou, V, Vlachopoulou, M, and Folinas, D 2004 Virtual e-Chain (VeC) model for supply chain collaboration. International Journal of Production Economics 87. 241-250.
[78] Mena, C., Humphries, A., & Choi, T. Y. (2013). Toward a theory of multi-tier supply chain management.Journal of Supply Chain Management, 49(2), 58–77. doi:10.1111/jscm.12003.
[79] Mentzer, J.T., DeWitt, W., Keebler, J.S., Min, S., Nix, N.W., Smith, C.D. and Zacharia, Z.G. (2001). Defining supply chain management. Journal of Business Logistics. 22 (2). 1-25.
[80] McIntyre, N (2000) Rewards in the E-business World.Workspan.43(7) 31-33.
[81] Min, S, Roath, AS, Daugherty, PJ, Genchev, SE, Chen, H, Arndt, AD, and Glenn Richey, R (2005). Supply chain collaboration: what’s happening? The international journal of logistics management 16.23 -256.
[82] Mitra, A. & Bhardwaj, S. (2010). Alignment of Supply Chain Strategy with Business Strategy. Journal of Supply Chain Management, 7 (3), 49–65.
[83] Muckstadt, J. A., Murray, D. H., Rappold, J. A. & Collins, D. E. (2001). Guidelines for Collaborative Supply Chain System Design and Operation. Information System Frontiers, 3 (4), 427–453.
[84] Naor, M., Goldstein, S.M., Linderman, K.W. & Schroeder, R.G. (2008). The Role of Culture as Driver of Quality Management and Performance: Infrastructure Versus Core Quality Practices. Decision Sciences, 39 (4), 671–702.
[85] Narus, James A. and James C. Anderson (1996). Rethinking Distribution: Adaptive Channels. Harvard Business Review. 74 (4), 112-120.
[86] Nunnally, J (1978). Psychometric theory. New York: McGraw-Hill.
[87] Nyaga, G.N., Whipple, J.M. and Lynch, D.F., (2010). Examining supply chain relationships: Do buyer and supplier perspective on collaborative relationships differ? Journal of operations management. (28). 101-114.
[88] Pagell, M., Katz, J.P. & Sheu, C. (2005). The importance of national culture in operations management Research. International Journal of Operations& Production Management.25(4), 371-94.
[89] Peck, H. and Jüttner, U. (2000) Strategy and Relationships: Defining the Interface in Supply Chain Contexts.The International Journal of Logistics Management 11 (2): 33-44
[90] Pfohl, H. C. & Buse, H. P. (2000). Interorganizational Logistics Systems in Flexible Production Networks: An Organizational Capabilities Perspective. International Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management. 30 (5), 388–406.
[91] Piercy, N.F. (1996), “The effects of customer satisfaction measurement: the internal market versus the external market”, Marketing Intelligence and Planning. 14(4). 9-15
[92] Pilbeam, C., Alvarez, G., & Wilson, H. (2012). The governance of supply networks: A systematic literature review. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 17(4), 358–376. doi:10.1108/13598541211246512.
[93] Ramanathan, U (2012) Supply chain collaboration for improved forecast accuracy of promotional sales. International Journal of Operations & Production Management 32 pp 676-695.
[94] Rindfleisch, A., & Heide, J. B. (1997). Transaction cost analysis: past, present, and future applications. Journal of Marketing, 61(4), 30–54. doi:10.2307/1252085.
[95] Ring, P. S. & Van de Ven, A. H. (1994). Developmental Processes of Cooperative Inter-organizational Relationships. Academy of Management Review, 19 (1), 90–118.
[96] Ryals, L. (2008). Determining the indirect value of a customer. Journal of Marketing Management, 24(7-8), 847-864.
[97] Salmela, E, Happonen, A, and Huiskonen, J (2011). Best collaboration practices in supply chain of Technical wholesale items. International Journal of Collaborative Enterprise. 2. 16-38.
[98] Schoenherr, T., Modib, S. B., Bentoncy, W. C., Carter, C. R., Choi, T. Y., & Larson, P. D. (2011). Research opportunities in purchasing and supply management. International Journal of Production Research, 50(6), 4556–4579.
[99] Sandes, N.R. and Premus, R. (2005). Modeling the relationship between firm IT capability, collaboration and performance. Journal of Business Logistics. (26) 1-23.
[100] Seggie, S.H., Cavusgil, E., Phelan, S.E. (2007). Measurement of return on marketing investment: a conceptual framework and the future of marketing metrics. Industrial Marketing Management, 36(6), 834-841.
[101] Stank, T. P., Keller, S. B., & Closs, D. J. (2001). Performance benefits of supply chain logistical integration. Transportation Journal, 41(2-3), 32–46.
[102] Stuart, FI, and McCutcheon, D (1996). Sustaining strategic supplier alliances: profiling the dynamic requirements for continued development. International Journal of Operations & Production Management 16. 5-22.
[103] Simatupang, T. M. and Sridharan, R. (2005). The Collaboration Index: A Measure for Supply ChainCollaboration. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 35 (1), 44–62.
[104] Simatupang, T. M. and Sridharan, R. (2002). The Collaborative Supply Chain. International Journal of Logistics Management. (13), 15–30.
[105] Surana, A., Kumara, S., Greaves, M., & Raghavan, U. N. (2005). Supply-chain networks: A complex Adaptive systems perspective. International Journal of Production Research, 43(20), 4235– 4265.doi:10.1080/00207540500142274
[106] Swink, M, Narasimhan, R, and Wang, C (2007). Managing beyond the factory walls: effects of four types of strategic integration on manufacturing plant performance. Journal of Operations Management 25 pp 148-164.
[107] Sheu, C, Rebecca Yen, H, and Chae, B (2006). Determinants of supplier-retailer collaboration: evidence from an international study. International Journal of Operations & Production Management 2(6), 24-49.
[108] Simchi-Levi, David, Philip Kaminsky and Edith Simchi-Levi(1999). Designing and Managing the Supply Chain. London: McGraw-Hill, 103-107.
[109] Surana, A., Kumara, S., Greaves, M., & Raghavan, U. N. (2005). Supply-chain networks: A complex Adaptive systems perspective. International Journal of Production Research, 43(20), 4235–4265. doi:10.1080/00207540500142274
[110] Tan, K. C., Kannan, V. R., & Handfield, R. B. (1998). Supply chain management: Supplier performance and firm performance. International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management,34(3), 2–9.
[111] Tan K. C., Kannan V.R., and Hsu C.C. (2010). Supply Chain Information and Relational Alignments: Mediators of EDI on Firm Performance. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics. 40,(56). 377– 394.
[112] Van der Vaart, T. & van Donk, D.P. (2008). A Critical Review of Survey-Based Research in Supply Chain Integration. International Journal of Production Economics, 111 (1), 42–55.
[113] Vanathi R, & Swamynathan R (2014). Competitive advantage through supply chain collaboration: An empirical study on the indian industry. FIBRES&TEXTILES in eastern Europe 4(106) 8-13
[114] Vargo, S. L., & Lusch, R. F. (2004a). Evolving to a new dominant logic for marketing. Journal of Marketing, 68(1), 1–17. doi:10.1509/ jmkg.68.1.1.24036.
[115] Vieira, J. G. V., Yoshizaki, H.T.Y., & Ho, L.L. (2009). Collaboration Intensity in the Brazilian Supermarket Retail Chain. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 14 (1), 11-21.
[116] Wilding, R, Humpheries, S. A. (2006). Understanding Collaborative Supply Chain relationship through the application of Williamson organizational failure Network. International Journal of physical distribution and Logistics management.36(4). 309-329.
[117] Williamson, OE. (1975). Markets & Hierarchies: Analysis & Anti-trust Implications. pp. 3940. The Free Press, New York.
[118] Williamson, O. E. (2008). Outsourcing: Transaction cost economics and supply chain management. Journal of Supply Chain Management, 44(2), 5–16. doi:10.1111/j.1745-493X.2008.00051.x
[119] Xu, L. and Beamon, B.M. (2006). supply chain coordination and cooperation mechanisms: An attribute based approach. Journal of supply management. (42) 4-12.
[120] Zacharia, ZG, Nix, NW, and Lusch, RF 2009 An analysis of supply chain collaborations and their effect on performance outcomes. Journal of Business Logistics 30 pp 101–123.
[121] Zaheer, A. & Venkatraman, N. (1995). Relational Governance as Interorganizational Strategy: An EmpiricalTest of the Role of Trust in Economic Exchange. Strategic Management Journal, 16 (2), 373–392.
[122] Zaheer, A., McEvily, B. & Perrone, V. (1998). Does Trust Matter? Exploring the Effects of Interorganizational and Interpersonal Trust on Performance. Organization Science, 9 (2), 141–159.
[123] Zeng, WJ, and Ma, SH, (2010) The Impact of Supply Chain Relationship Dynamics on Collaboration .Journalof Industrial Engineering and Management 2.
[124] Zhao, X., Huo,B. , Flynn, B.B. and Yeung, J.H.Y. (2008) . The impact of power and relationship commitment on the integration between Manufacturers and customers in a chain. Journal of operational management. (26) 368-388.

Oladapo Taiwo & Kalu, Sylva Ezema “Collaboration within a Supply Chain and Corprate Wellness of Digital TV Firms in Rivers State” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.405-412 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/405-412.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Revival of the Concept of Waqf among Scholars in Adamawa State Nigeria
Aminu Yakubu, Salihu Muhammad Abubakar, Malami Muhammad Garba, Fadimatu Ahmad Jika- June 2021 – Page No.: 413-418

Waqf as an Islamic charitable endowment, it has played a dynamic role in the socio-economic activities of Muslims all over the world. Studies have revealed that waqf has worked as an effective tool for improving socio-economic condition in several Muslims countries all over the world. The concept of waqf has been in existence for the long period of time in most Muslim communities. However, in most of the Muslim community the concept is still new in the public. The purpose of this paper is to revive the concept of waqf among scholars in Adamawa state Nigeria, to create awareness among on the substantial role of waqf on socio-economic development and to demand on people both the rich and the middle class to participate in waqf for the advantage of Ummah. The paper adopted qualitative research approach through interview. However, structural interview was conducted with five Islamic scholars in Adamawa state.The findings show that even among the scholars the familiarity of the concept of waqf is partial, majority of the scholars does not know much about developing waqf as well as the economic important of waqf. Therefore, the scholars, intellectuals, and practitioners of waqf have a vivacious role to play in creating awareness and sensitization among scholars on the general concept of waqf and its significant role in humanitarian and economic development of Muslims community.

Page(s): 413-418                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 July 2021

 Aminu Yakubu
Adamawa State Polytechnic School of Continuing Education Islamic Studies Department

  Salihu Muhammad Abubakar
Adamawa State Polytechnic School of Continuing Education Islamic Studies Department

 Malami Muhammad Garba
School for Secondary Education, Arts and Social Sciences, Federal College of Education, Yola Adamawa State

 Fadimatu Ahmad Jika
Adamawa State Polytechnic School of Continuing Education Islamic Studies Department

[1] A.Mohsin, M. I. (2012). Waqf-shares : new product to finance old waqf properties. Bank and Bank Systems.
[2] Abdullah, R., & Ismail, A. G. (2017). Taking stock of the waqf-based Islamic microfinance model. International Journal of Social Economics, 44(8). https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-06-2015-0176
[3] Ahmed, Habib. (2007). Waqf -based microfinance: realizing the social role of Islamic finance. Singapore.
[4] Ahmed, Hasanuddin, & Khan, A. (1998). Strategies To Develop Waqf Administration in India.
[5] Al-khirqi, A. alQasim U. bin H. bin A. bin A. (2013). AlMukhtasar Almugny (8th ed.). Dar ’Alam al Kutub.
[6] Amuda, Y. J. (2013). Empowerment of Nigerian Muslim Households through Waqf, Zakat, Sadaqat and Public Funding. International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance, 4(6), 419–424.
[7] Cooney, T. M. (2007). the irish journal of management incorporating. 28(2).
[8] Deguilhem, R. (2004). On the Nature of Waqf: Pious Foundations in Contemporary Syria. Waqf En Méditerranée: Enjeux de Société, Enjeux de Pouvoir, 395–430.
[9] Haitam, S., (2016) The Islamic Trust waqf: a Stagnant or Reviving Legal Institution. Electronic Journal of Islamic and Meddle Eastern Law (EJIMEL), Vol.4 (2016). Pages, http://www.ejimel.uzh.ch ISSN 1664-5707
[10] Haqeel, I. M. (2011). Waqf and its virture. Retrieved from https://www.alukah.net/sharia/0/36834/
[11] Hoexter, M. (1998). Endowments, Rulers, and Community: Waqf Al-Haramayn in Ottoman Algiers. Studies in Islamic Law and Society Leiden: E. J. Brill, 6, 200–204.
[12] Kahf, M. (1999). Towards the Revival of Awqaf: A Few Fiqhi Issues to Reconsider. Harvard Forum on Islamic Finance and Economics, 1–16.
[13] Kayadibi, S., Polat, R., Fidan, Y., & Kayadibi, O. (2014). The role of cash waqf in poverty alleviation: case of malaysia. International Journal of Business, Economics and Law.
[14] Mohsin, M. I. A. (2012). Waqf-shares: New product to finance old waqf properties. Banks and Bank Systems, 7(2), 72–78.
[15] Nahar, H. S., & Yaacob, H. (2011). Accountability in the sacred context: The case of management, accounting and reporting of a Malaysian cash awqaf institution. Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research, 2(2), 87–113.
[16] Salman, A.S, Abdul Ghafar,I and Muhammad, H.M.S (2017). Application of waqf for social and development finance. International Journal of Islamic Finance.Retrieved from http://creativecommons.org/licences/by/4.0/legalcode pdf
[17] Shatzmtller, M. (1991). Waqf Khayri in Fourteenth-Century Fez: Legal, Social and Economie Aspects. Anaquel de Estudios Arabes, (2), 193–217.
[18] Toraman, C., Tuncsiper, B., & Yilmaz, S. (2007). Cash Awqaf in the Ottomans as Philanthropic Foundations and Their Accounting Practices. Fifth Accounting History International Conference, Banff, Alberta., 2–19. Retrieved from http://journal.mufad.org/attachments/article/452/7.pdf
[19] Wellington, D. C., & Zandvakili, S. (2006). The entrepreneurial myth, globalization and American economic dominance. The Entrepreneurial Myth, 33(9), 615–624.
[20] Yaacob, H. (2011). Accountability in the sacred context: The case of management, accounting and reporting of a Malaysian cash awqaf institution. Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research, 2(2), 87–113.
[21] Yaacob, H., Petra, S., Sumardi, A., & Nahar, H. S. (2015). Accountability through accounting and reporting lenses: Lessons from an awqaf institution in a Southeast Asia country. Humanomics, 31(3), 299–313. Yusuf Jelili Amuda. (2017). Commercialization of Cash Waqf In Nigeria: An Analysis Of Its Implementation. University of Malaya.
[22] Zaki, E. (2006). A Summary of Waqf Regulations. Kuwait.

Aminu Yakubu, Salihu Muhammad Abubakar, Malami Muhammad Garba, Fadimatu Ahmad Jika “Revival of the Concept of Waqf among Scholars in Adamawa State Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-6, pp.413-418 June 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-5-issue-6/413-418.pdf

Download PDF

pdf