Effect of Red Mangrove Leaves on Haematological Parameters of Broilers

Ebiye Adipere, Samuel Nnadi Wekhe, Nathaniel O. Iboyi, Sheila Ojei Michael, and Valentine Obinna Okpoko- November 2022 Page No.: 01-04

A completely randomized design experiment was conducted to study the effect of mangrove leaves on the blood parameters of broilers. Sixty day old hubbard broiler chicks were randomly distributed into four treatment groups A, B, C, and D of 15 birds per group. All groups were replicated thrice with five birds. The birds were administered with dried powdered mangrove leaves at graded levels of 10g/Kg feed for B, 20g/Kg feed for C, and 30g/Kg for D, while A served as the control without mangrove leaves. The experiment lasted for eight weeks. Proximate analysis was carried out on the leaves for fat, crude protein, and ash contents. The blood parameters measured were PCV, RBC, and WBC. The results from the proximate analysis showed that red mangrove leaves contained 2.4% fat, 9.9% crude protein, and 34.4% ash contents. Findings from the study indicated that dietary levels of 10g/Kg, 20g/Kg, and 30g/Kg red mangrove leaves significantly increased treatment means of packed cell volume, and red blood cells. It was also observed from the study that total white blood cells were not affected by the graded levels of red mangrove leaves powder incorporated into the feeds. Red mangrove leaves are of great value on improving packed cell volume and red blood cells of broilers. This means an increased ability to carry and distribute oxygen and nutrients to the body, consequently increasing the productivity or livability of the birds. The increase in these blood parameters shows the potential of red mangrove leaves in improving the health status of broilers. Feed compounders should incorporate red mangrove leaves in their feeds

Page(s): 01-04                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 November 2022

 Ebiye Adipere
Admiralty University of Nigeria, Ibusa, Delta State, Nigeria.

 Samuel Nnadi Wekhe
Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Nkpolu, Rivers State, Nigeria.

 Nathaniel O. Iboyi
Admiralty University of Nigeria, Ibusa, Delta State, Nigeria.

 Sheila Ojei Michael
Admiralty University of Nigeria, Ibusa, Delta State, Nigeria.

 Valentine Obinna Okpoko
Admiralty University of Nigeria, Ibusa, Delta State, Nigeria.

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Ebiye Adipere, Samuel Nnadi Wekhe, Nathaniel O. Iboyi, Sheila Ojei Michael, and Valentine Obinna Okpoko “Effect of Red Mangrove Leaves on Haematological Parameters of Broilers ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-7-issue-11, pp.01-04 November 2022  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/volume-7-issue-11/01-04.pdf

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Detection of Face Emotion and Music Recommendation System using Machine Learning

Danish Ali, Md. Tahmidul Huque, Jafreen Jafor Godhuli, Naeem Ahmed- November 2022 Page No.: 05-08

Face emotion detection has recently attracted a lot of interest because of its uses in computer vision and the field of human-computer interaction. Various methods and applications were suggested and put into use as a result of the ongoing research in this area. In this study, we present an emotion-recognition recommender system that can identify a user’s feelings and offer a selection of suitable songs that might lift his spirits. To gather information and enable us to give the users a selection of music tracks that are effective at lifting the users’ spirits, a quick search was undertaken to learn how music may impact the user mood in the short term. The suggested system recognizes emotions, and if the individual is feeling down, a special playlist including the best kinds of music will be played to lift his spirits. On the other hand, if a favorable mood is recognized, an appropriate playlist will be offered that contains several genres of music that will amplify the pleasant feelings. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) methods and the Fisher Face algorithm are used to implement the suggested recommender system.

Page(s): 05-08                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 November 2022

DOI : 10.51584/IJRIAS.2022.71101

 Danish Ali
Department of Computer Science, GPGC Haripur, Pakistan

 Md. Tahmidul Huque
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Bangladesh University of Business and Technology, Bangladesh

 Jafreen Jafor Godhuli
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Bangladesh University of Business and Technology, Bangladesh

 Naeem Ahmed
Department of Computer Science, GPGC Haripur, Pakistan

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Danish Ali, Md. Tahmidul Huque, Jafreen Jafor Godhuli, Naeem Ahmed “Detection of Face Emotion and Music Recommendation System using Machine Learning” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-7-issue-11, pp.05-08 November 2022  DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2022.71101

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Ultrasonography of Lacrimal Gland involvement in systemic Sarcoidosis

Hadi Khazaei. M.D., M.S., M.C.R., Danesh Khazaei, Kaneez Abbas, Davin Ashraf, John D Ng.- November 2022 Page No.: 09-12

Lacrimal gland lesions generally present as palpable masses in the superolateral aspects of the orbits. Approximately 50% of lacrimal gland masses are inflammatory lesions, 25% are lymphoid lesions or lymphoma, and the other 25% are salivary gland type tumors. Although there are overlaps and exceptions, features such as laterality, portion of gland involvement, presence or absence of bony findings, enhancement pattern, and clinical presentation are valuable in differentiating among lacrimal gland lesions. The 3D ultrasound has been used to define lacrimal gland shape, size, density, structural features the pattern of blood supply, as well as the anatomic and topographic position in the orbit. The study was conducted in the B- and 3D-modes of ultrasonography with color and energy Doppler mapping on both sides.

Page(s): 09-12                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 December 2022

DOI : 10.51584/IJRIAS.2022.71102

 Hadi Khazaei. M.D., M.S., M.C.R.
Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, 97239, USA

 Danesh Khazaei
Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, 97239, USA

 Kaneez Abbas
Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, 97239, USA

 Davin Ashraf
Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, 97239, USA

 John D Ng.
Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, 97239, USA

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Hadi Khazaei. M.D., M.S., M.C.R.*, Danesh Khazaei, Kaneez Abbas, Davin Ashraf, John D Ng. “Ultrasonography of Lacrimal Gland involvement in systemic Sarcoidosis ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-7-issue-11, pp.09-12 November 2022  DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2022.71102

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Hydrogeologic Survey Using Electrical Resistivity Method for Sustainable Water Supply Development in Parts of Owerri, Southeastern Nigeria

Adigwe. Adanna Blessing, Nwosu, Leonard Ifeanyi, and Nwosu, Bright Obinna- November 2022 Page No.: 13-22

Electrical resistivity method for evaluation of groundwater potential in the Owerri North was carried out based on aquifer transmissivity obtained using Dar Zarouk parameters and pumping test data. Twenty vertical electric soundings (VES) were carried out in this study. The field data were acquired using the Omega-500 resistivity meter and interpreted using Advanced Geoscience Incorporation (AGI) 1D resistivity inversion software. Five of the VES stations were sited near existing boreholes from which pumping test data were acquired. Transverse resistance and Longitudinal conductance were determined, which together with hydraulic conductivity derived from pumping test data enabled the estimation of aquifer transmissivity and its variation in the study area. The aquiferous layers are composed mainly of sands and sandstones. Resistivity values varied with depth and ranges from 0.10Ωm to 1208.50Ωm. The aquifer depth varied from 8.50m to 67.07m. The aquifer thickness varied across the study area from a value of 8.32m around ChukwumaNwoha to 199.42m measured at Agbala. Areas having high aquifer thickness also have corresponding high Transmissivity values and so have high groundwater potential. High transverse resistance above 10000Ω were observed in areas around Owaelu, while low values of 3100Ω and less were observed in areas such as Emekuku. Areas around VES 6, 11 and 15 are underlain by high Longitudinal conductance aquifer materials. Transmissivity values are fairly high and varied from 264m2/day at Azaraegbelu to 276m2/day at Shoprite Egbu. The study revealed that the study area has good prospect for sustainable groundwater supply.

Page(s): 13-22                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 December 2022

 Adigwe. Adanna Blessing
Department of Physics University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

 Nwosu, Leonard Ifeanyi
Department of Physics University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

 Nwosu, Bright Obinna
Department of Geology University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

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[8] Layade, G.O., Adegoke, J. A and Oladewa, F.C. (2017).Hydrogeophysical investigation for groundwater development at Gbongudu area, AkoboOjurin, Ibadan, southwestern Nigeria.J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. 21(3), 527-535
[9] Logan.J. (1964): Estimating transmissivity from routine production tests of water wells. Groundwater, 2, 35-37.
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[11] Niwas, S., and Singhal, D.C. (1981). Estimation of Aquifer Transmissivity from Da-Zarrouk Parameters in Porous media.Journal of Hydrology. (50), 393-399
[12] Nnamdi, J. A, Casmir, C.Z., Osita, C.O., and Queen, A.K. (2019). Evaluation of groundwater potential of Owerri west and environs, South-eastern Nigeria using Resistivity method. International Journal of Engineering Science Invention 2319-6734
[13] Nwachukwu, M.A., Huan, Feng and Duke Ophori (2010). Groundwater Flow Model and Particle Track Analysis for Selecting Water Quality Monitoring Well Sites and Soil Sample Profile. Journal of spatial hydrology 10(1), 1- 14
[14] Nwachukwu, M.A (2022). Environment, Society and Sustainability Bulletin, (unpublished). 1
[15] Nwosu, L.I, Ekine, S.A. and Nwankwo, C.N. (2013). Geoelectric survey for mapping groundwater flow pattern in Okigwe district southeastern, Nigeria. British Journal of Applied Science & Technology 3(3), 482-500
[16] Nwosu, L.I. and Ndubueze, D. (2016). Geolectric investigation of water table variation with surface elevation for mapping drill depths for groundwater exploration in Owerri metropolis, Imo state Nigeria. Indian journal of applied research, 5(4),40-45
[17] Okiongbo, K.S. and Akpofure E. (2012). Determination of aquifer properties and groundwater vulnerability mapping using geoelectric method in Yenogoa city and its Environs in Bayelsa State, south south Nigeria. Journal of water resource and protection, 4(6), 354-362
[18] Onyeagocha, A.C. (1980). Petrography and Depositional Environment of the Benin Formation. Nigeria Journal of Mineral Geology, (17), 147-151
[19] Oyedele, E.A. and Olayinka, A.I. (2012). Statistical evaluation of groundwater potential of Ado-Ekiti, southwest Nigeria. Transnational Journal of Science and Technology (2), 110-127.
[20] Ruth, E. I. (2014). Electrical Resistivity survey for predicting aquifer at Onicha-Ugbo, Delta State, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics. 2(7)
[21] Telford, E., Geldart, W.M., & Sheriff, R.E (1990). Applied Geophysics. Cambridge University Press, UK
[22] Thiem, G. (1906). Modern Hydrogeology. Leipzig: J.M. Geghardt. 56
[23] Vingoe, P. (1972). Electrical Resistivity Survey, ABEM Geophysics and Electronics. Geophysical Memorandum, 5(72), 1-15
[24] Zhody A.A.R., (1974): The auxiliary point method of electrical sounding interpretation and its relationship to Da Zarouk parameters. Geophysics, 30. 664 – 660.

Adigwe. Adanna Blessing, Nwosu, Leonard Ifeanyi, and Nwosu, Bright Obinna, “Hydrogeologic Survey Using Electrical Resistivity Method for Sustainable Water Supply Development in Parts of Owerri, Southeastern Nigeria ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-7-issue-11, pp.13-22 November 2022  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/volume-7-issue-11/13-22.pdf

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Deducing the Relaxation Times of Some Polar Solvents Using Cole-Cole Relaxation Model

Musa N., Kalip A. and Udunenwu B.C.- November 2022 Page No.: 23-27

A study of the relaxation times of some polar solvents was carried out using the Cole-Cole relaxation model. The solvents; Methanol, Ethanol, Butan-1-ol were studied. The study was carried out within a frequency range of 100kHz and 50MHz and a temperature range of 100C and 500C. The following relaxation times: 0.09273 ns, 0.04073 ns, 0.03138 ns, 0.02082 ns and 0.01439 ns for methanol; 0.9360 ns, 0.6132 ns, 0.4031 ns, 0.2713 ns and 0.1812 ns for ethanol and 0.2385 ns, 0.1931 ns, 0.1424 ns, 0.1059 ns and 0.0796 ns for butan-1-ol at 10OC, 20OC, 30OC, 40OC and 50OC respectively were deduced using the slopes of the graphs plotted from the derived equation. The linear fit of the plotted points converged at the origin. The R2 values for each solvent under investigation, fitted perfectly. This eliminates the need for elaborate experimental analysis. As the temperature increases, the relaxation time decreased. These results can be used in drug design and synthesis at radio wave frequency range.

Page(s): 23-27                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 December 2022

 Musa N.
Department of Applied Physics, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria

 Kalip A.
Department of Applied Physics, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria

 Udunenwu B.C.
Department of Applied Physics, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria

[1] Agilent (2006). Basics of Measuring the Dielectric Properties. http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/pls/portallive/docs/1/11949698.PDF
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[9] Ikyumbur, T.J.(2019). Analysis of the behaviour of the dielectric properties of ethanol used by pharmaceutical industries in Cole-Cole and Debye relaxation models.A paper presented at the Nigerian Institute of Physics conference 2019 Owerri, Nigeria.
[10] Musa, N, Onimisi, M.Y and Ikyumbur, J.T. (2020). Frequency and temperature dependence of ethanol using the Cole-Cole relaxation model. American Journal of Condensed Matter Physics 10(2): 44-49. DOI: 10.5923/j.ajcmp.2020100203.03
[11] Satyendra, P.S. (2018). An Analysis of Dielectric parameters and penetration depth of tomato sauces. J. Food Process Technol 9(7) ISSN: 2157-7110.

Musa N., Kalip A. and Udunenwu B.C., “Deducing the Relaxation Times of Some Polar Solvents Using Cole-Cole Relaxation Model ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-7-issue-11, pp.23-27 November 2022  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/volume-7-issue-11/23-27.pdf

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Construction of A Remote Home Automation and Security System Using Raspberry PI

Samson Dauda Yusuf, Chima Oji, Abdulmumini Zubairu Loko, Alhassan Tijani- November 2022 Page No.: 28-33

The needs for automation in home and offices have been so paramount in this era. Also, the subject of insecurity has become a big challenge in our society especially in Nigeria. In this study, construction and implementation of a home automation system was carried out based on Raspberry Pi. The system is based on the Internet of Things (IoT) architecture and sensor network. The Software for the system was written using Python programming language while the Smartphone mobile application was developed using Flutter Dart programming language. Result shows that, the Raspberry Pi which is the main controller reads sensor values like temperature, humidity, and motion from the sensors which includes Passive Infra-Red (PIR), Temperature and Humidity sensor which it publishes to the external clients (Smartphone Application) using Message queue telemetry (MQTT). Message commands for controlling devices and sensor data are exchanged between the system and external clients once a connection is established. If the System is scanned and motion is detected, an alarm is sounded.

Page(s): 28-33                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 December 2022

 Samson Dauda Yusuf
Department of Physics, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria

 Chima Oji
Department of Physics, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria

 Abdulmumini Zubairu Loko
Department of Physics, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria

 Alhassan Tijani
Department of Works, Federal University Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

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Samson Dauda Yusuf, Chima Oji, Abdulmumini Zubairu Loko, Alhassan Tijani “Construction of A Remote Home Automation and Security System Using Raspberry PI” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-7-issue-11, pp.28-33 November 2022  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/volume-7-issue-11/28-33.pdf

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Phytochemical Screening, Antimicrobial Activities and Gas Chromatography Profile of the n-Hexane extract of Trigonella foenum-graecum “Fenugreek” Seed Oil

Edah Oba Alexander, Awode Udukhomo Anthony, Azike Ruth, Jidimma Joel Augustine- November 2022 Page No.: 34-42

To evaluate the phytochemical constituents, antimicrobial activity, and GC profile of the seed oil extract of Trigonella foenum-graecum. In the present research, solvent extraction by maceration was performed by using 95% n-Hexane. Phytochemical analysis of the n-Hexane extract was carried out. Phytochemical screening showed that alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, carbohydrates, balsam, and phenols were negative, while saponins, resins, terpenes, steroids and cardiac glycosides were positive. The Antimicrobial potential of Trigonella foenum-graecum seed oil extract was determined using the agar well diffusion method by the zone of inhibition on nutrient agar. MIC and MBC tests were performed to determine the relative antimicrobial properties of the extract. GC profile was also carried out to determine the constituents in the oil extracts. For the agar, well diffusion method of antimicrobial activity screening, all the concentrations of Trigonella foenum-graecum showed negative results in all the bacteria except for Bacillus subtilis. The extract is highly selective in terms of antimicrobial potency; the isolation of the active component(s) may present more insight. For the GC profile, 11 peaks were recorded.

Page(s): 34-42                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 December 2022

 Edah Oba Alexander
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Jos. Nigeria.

 Awode Udukhomo Anthony
Department of Chemistry, University of Jos, Nigeria.

 Azike Ruth
Department of Chemistry, University of Jos, Nigeria.

 Jidimma Joel Augustine
Department of Chemistry, University of Jos, Nigeria.

[1] Abdel-massih R, Abdou E, Baydoun E, Daoud Z. Antibacterial Activity of the Extracts Obtained from Rosmarinus officinalis, Origanum majorana, and Trigonella foenum-graecum on Highly Drug-Resistant Gram Negative Bacilli. 2010;3(80):52-9.
[2] Betty, R.I., 2008. The healing virtues of fenugreek. Spice India
[3] Bhalodia NR, Nariya PB, Shukla VJ (2011). Antibacterial and antifungal activity from flower extract of Cassia Fistula L.: An Ethnomedicinal Plant. Intern J Pharm Tech Res, 3, 160-8.
[4] Birjees Bukhari S, Iqbal Bhanger M, Memon S. Antioxidative Activity of Extracts from Fenugreek Seeds (Trigonella foenum-graecum) [Internet]. Vol. 9, J. Anal. Environ. Chem. 2008 [cited 2019 May 15]. Available from: https://www.doc-developpement-durable.org/file/Culture- epices/Fenugrec/Antioxidative Activity of Extracts from Fenugreek Seeds.pdf. Cam AJT, Traditional AJ. Extract In Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats And Its Use in Diabetes Mellitus. 2009; 6:255–6.
[5] Carbohydrates – The Molisch Test [Internet]. [cited 2019 May 15]. Available from http://dept.harpercollege.edu/chemistry/chm/100/dgodambe/thedisk/carbo/moli sch/molisch.htm.
[6] Dash BK, Sultana S, Sultana N.2011. Antibacterial activities of methanol and acetone extracts of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum) and coriander (Coriandrum sativum). Life Sci Med Res 2011; 27:1-8.
[7] Elnour MEM, Ali AMA, Saeed BEAE. Antimicrobial Activities and Phytochemical Screening of Callus and Seeds Extracts of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum). Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci. 2015;4(2):147–157.
[8] Fair RJ, Tor Y (2014). Antibiotics and bacterial resistance in the 21st century. Perspect Med Chem, 6, 25–64.
[9] Gurinder, J.K. and Daljit, S.A. 2009. Antibacterial and phytochemical screening of Anethum graveolens, Foeniculumvulgare and Trachyspermum ammi. BMC Complement Altern Med. 9: 30.
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[12] Kumar A S, Reddy T S (2012). Importance of traditional system
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[19] Mateen A, Ahmed P, Ahmed M, Uddin A, Shamshul A, Janardhan K. PHCOG J A Study of Antimicrobial Activity of Few Medicinally Important Herbal Single Drugs Extracted in Ethanol, Methanol and Aqueous Solvents. 2010;2(10):351–6.
[20] Moniruzzaman, Shahinuzzaman, Ahsanul H., Rahima K. and Zahira Y. (2015). Gas chromatography mass spectrometry analysis and in vitro antibacterial activity of essential oil from Trigonella foenum-graecum. Asian pacific journal of tropiocal biomedicine. 5 (12) 1033-1036.
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Edah Oba Alexander, Awode Udukhomo Anthony, Azike Ruth, Jidimma Joel Augustine, “Phytochemical Screening, Antimicrobial Activities and Gas Chromatography Profile of the n-Hexane extract of Trigonella foenum-graecum “Fenugreek” Seed Oil ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-7-issue-11, pp.34-42 November 2022  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/volume-7-issue-11/34-42.pdf

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2.2 Ghz S-Band Helical Antenna Design for Earth Surveillance LAPAN-TUBSAT Data Acquisition in Indonesia Regional Security

Unggul Satrio Yudhotomo, Selfira Salsabilla, Khaerudin, Timbul Siahaan- November 2022 Page No.: 43-49

It is necessary to have an LAPAN-TUBSAT (Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional/ National Institute of Aeronautics and Space) (Technische University of Berlin Satellite) satellite data receiving system that is low cost and can be placed in various parts of Indonesia. This system will later spear head the data receiver and this meets all areas detected by the earth surveillance method in real time and can be recorded at the Earth Station. By using a helical antenna that is engineered independently with the rules of the S band at 2.22 GHz, it will be able to control the Indonesian region. The construction of this receiving antenna uses a helical antenna, a receiver antenna system that combines helix asa feed horn on a parabolic antenna is designed to be able to work at a center frequency of 2,220 MHz, a bandwidth of 27 MHz, LHCP polarization, and a minimum gain of 10 dB. With a Parabolic shaped reflection antenna with Prime Focus. With motor antenna is a full motion antenna with a perstep movement of 0.25 degrees on Azimuth and elevation. The Design will be acquisition the data from satellite, and with the helical antenna. The Helical that by requirement of the 2,22 GHz design. With the LHCP (Left Hand Circular Polarization) and with the a bandwidth of 27 MHz. for the antenna parabola as a catcher of signal from satellite we use type of Primefocus wichis the point focal in the central face of parabola and we will put feed Horn that include inside is the Helical feed antenna. Antenna have a spesification Movement is 0,25 degrees per second With the successful engineering of the development of Helical antenna, it can also later apply it to various other satellites with adjustments to the dimensions of the antenna only and the receiving system.

Page(s): 43-49                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 December 2022

DOI : 10.51584/IJRIAS.2022.71103

 Unggul Satrio Yudhotomo
Fakultas Teknologi Pertahanan, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia

 Selfira Salsabilla
Fakultas Manajemen Pertahanan, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia

Fakultas Teknologi Pertahanan, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia

 Timbul Siahaan
Fakultas Teknologi Pertahanan, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia

[1] The Government of Indonesia, Constitution of Indonesia 1945, Jakarta.
[3] Jagdish,,M. Rathod, Design of Helical feed For Parabolic Reflector Antennas at 2,45 GHz.
[4] ARRL, ARRL UHF/Microwafe Handbook, American Radio Relay League, Newington, Connecticut, 2000.
[5] Kraus, J.D. Antennas : for all applications, third edition, mcgraw-hill,2022
[6] Paul Wade, Helical Feed Antennas W1GHZ, 2002
[7] Paul Wade, Parabolic Antennas, 1998
[8] Paul Wade, offset focal parabolic Dish Antennas, 1998

Unggul Satrio Yudhotomo, Selfira Salsabilla, Khaerudin, Timbul Siahaan, “2.2 Ghz S-Band Helical Antenna Design for Earth Surveillance LAPAN-TUBSAT Data Acquisition in Indonesia Regional Security ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-7-issue-11, pp.43-49 November 2022  DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2022.71103

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Aqueous Extract of Date Fruit (Phoenix Dactylifera) Has Hepatocurative Effect on Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Toxicity in Rats

Misbahu Sambo, Abdulqadir Yunusa, Usman Yunusa, Abdullahi Garba Jakwa, Isah Labaran and Abubakar Bawa- November 2022 Page No.: 50-53

Liver disease account for a reasonable percentage of medical admissions, and the synthetic drugs used for the treatment of the disease are sometimes ineffective and/or very expensive. Furthermore, the side effects associated with some of them are numerous. These and many other reasons shifted the interest of scientists for the search of plants with hepatocurative effect. Therefore, the aim of this research was to investigate the curative effect of aqueous extract of date fruit (Phoenix dactylifera) on rats with carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity. The serum level of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), direct bilirubin (DB) and total bilirubin (TB) were measured as markers of liver disease using standard methods, and compared among group I (Negative control), group II (Positive control), group III (Fed with food + 249mg/kg of extract), group IV (Fed with food + 580mg/kg of extract), group V (hepatotoxic rats treated with 249mg/kg of extract) and group VI (hepatotoxic rats treated with 580mg/kg of extract). The results showed that administration of the various concentration of the extract to healthy rats does not cause any harm to the liver. Also, the different concentrations of the extract significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the level of ALT, AST, ALP, DB and TB in treated groups (group IV and V) compared to group II. These results suggest that the aqueous extract of date fruit may have hepatocurative effect against CCl4-induced liver damage in rats. This research may open the “gate” for the use of date fruit in treating liver disease in human, especially in places such as Northern Nigeria, where date fruit is cheaply abundant.

Page(s): 50-53                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 23 December 2022

DOI : 10.51584/IJRIAS.2022.71104

 Misbahu Sambo
Department of Biochemistry, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria.
Molecular Genetics and Infectious Diseases Research Laboratory, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria.

 Selfira Salsabilla
Fakultas Manajemen Pertahanan, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia

 Abdulqadir Yunusa
Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria.

 Usman Yunusa
Biochemistry Division, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.

 Abdullahi Garba Jakwa
Department of Biochemistry, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria.

 Isah Labaran
Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria.

 Abubakar Bawa
Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria.

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Misbahu Sambo, Abdulqadir Yunusa, Usman Yunusa, Abdullahi Garba Jakwa, Isah Labaran and Abubakar Bawa, “Aqueous Extract of Date Fruit (Phoenix Dactylifera) Has Hepatocurative Effect on Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Toxicity in Rats ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-7-issue-11, pp.50-53 November 2022  DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2022.71104

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Impact Assessment of Indigenous Chickens Production Interventions in the Semi-arid Regions of Zimbabwe: Case of Chivi District

Mudavanhu Tsikai, Ignatius Govere and Kainos Manyeruke- November 2022 Page No.: 54-63

Most communal farmers in Chivi district of Zimbabwe rear indigenous chickens. However, the impact of interventions by government and non-government partners remains unknown. The purpose of this study is to assess impact of indigenous chicken production in semi-arid areas with a focus on Chivi district. The research focused on indigenous chickens as the enterprise has the potential to increase rural population income and in turn improve the nutrition for the rural population. A total of 160 indigenous chicken farmers were sampled from a population of 1240 who received past interventions in trainings, feed and chicks or pullets from development partners and government using a survey questionnaire. Variables such as age, farmer experience, education, type of dwelling, maize, cattle, goats, supplementary feed, type of housing, resting of fowl run, vaccinations and type of hatching method were found to be significantly affecting sales rate. Indigenous chicken production was found to be weakly profitable as a positive gross margin was obtained. The study also revealed that value chain actors in indigenous chicken production had no processors. It was concluded that though indigenous chicken production was profitable, the above stated factors affect impact of indigenous chickens. The value chain map had no processors. Capacitating farmers on poultry management and availing credit to finance production and marketing players is important to improve indigenous chickens among smallholder farmers.

Page(s): 54-63                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 23 November 2022

DOI : 10.51584/IJRIAS.2022.71105

 Mudavanhu Tsikai
Masvingo Agritex, P Bag 354 Masvingo, Zimbabwe

 Ignatius Govere
Masvingo Agritex, P Bag 354 Masvingo, Zimbabwe

 Kainos Manyeruke
Masvingo Agritex, P Bag 354 Masvingo, Zimbabwe

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Mudavanhu Tsikai, Ignatius Govere and Kainos Manyeruke “Impact Assessment of Indigenous Chickens Production Interventions in the Semi-arid Regions of Zimbabwe: Case of Chivi District ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-7-issue-11, pp.54-63 November 2022  DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2022.71105

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Contamination and Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Stream Sediments of Bambui Area, Western Cameroon

Lemnyuy Prosper Yiika, Ndema Mbongué Jean-Lavenir, Mboudou Germain Marie Monespérance, Emmanuel Eseya Mengu, Bewah Emilien Bih- November 2022 Page No.: 64-75

The Bambui area is located at the foot of the Bamenda Mountains, which is part of the Cameroon Volcanic Line (CVL). The study area consists of different rock types such as alkali basalt, trachyte, rhyolite and ignimbrite with a granitic basement of the Pan Africa Fold belt. The main objective of this work was to assess the contamination and risk pose by heavy metals in stream sediments of Bambui area. Heavy metal in the representative stream sediment samples collected were determined using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). Elevated levels of Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Th, V, Zn, La, Fe and Ti could be attributed to geological and anthropogenic metal input sources in the area. Assessment of contamination factor, degree of contamination, modified degree of contamination, enrichment factor, ecological risk factor and potential ecological risk index showed that the sediments had a low to high ecological risk index. Pollution load index (0.78-1.60), geo-accumulation load index (1.73-5641.91) and anthropogenic metal input (0-5.25) indicate heavy metal contamination in the study area. Geological origin, agricultural practices, municipal waste disposal and animal manure were identified as the major sources of heavy metals in the stream sediments of the study area.

Page(s): 64-75                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 December 2022

 Lemnyuy Prosper Yiika
Department of Geology, Mining and Environmental Science, University of Bamenda, Bamenda, Cameroon

 Ndema Mbongué Jean-Lavenir
Department of Geology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon

 Mboudou Germain Marie Monespérance
Department of Geology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon

 Emmanuel Eseya Mengu
Department of Geology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon

 Bewah Emilien Bih
Department of Geology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
University of the West of Scotland-London Campus

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Lemnyuy Prosper Yiika, Ndema Mbongué Jean-Lavenir, Mboudou Germain Marie Monespérance, Emmanuel Eseya Mengu, Bewah Emilien Bih, “Contamination and Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Stream Sediments of Bambui Area, Western Cameroon ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-7-issue-11, pp.64-75 November 2022  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/volume-7-issue-11/64-75.pdf

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Chemical and Nutritional Compositions of Cheese-Like Products from Tiger Nut and Soybean Fermented with Lactobacillus Plantarum Strain AMA2A

Abu, M. A., Amakoromo, E. R. and Eruteya. O. C.- November 2022 Page No.: 76-80

Cheese has been known for long a time in human diet. It is a rich supply of protein and fat which make it nutritious and energy rich food that is suitable for people at all ages. Current advances in food science have revealed the role of cheese in nutrition and health. Apart from protein and energy, cheese has a high contribution of vital nutrients such as amino acids, vitamins, bioactive peptides, fatty acids, and minerals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemical and nutritional compositions of cheese-like products from tiger nut and soybean milk fermented with Lactobacillus plantarum strain AMA2A. Tiger nut milk and soymilk were produced from tiger nut tubers and soybean seeds respectively, using Standard methods. The milk was mixed for cheese production at different ratios, 100:0, 80:20, 60:40 and 0:100. The four samples were each inoculated with 4%v/v Lactobacillus plantarum strain AMA 2A. Calotropis procera extract serving the purpose of coagulant was cautiously added to the mixture and allowed to ferment for 24 hours for cheese formation. The chemical and nutritional compositions were determined using standard methods. Analysis of the cheese-like samples revealed the following ranges of proximate compositions: Moisture (36.54±0.67 – 50.55±0.64%), Carbohydrate (4.65±1.04 – 29.88±2.12%), protein (12.50±1.13 – 34.86±1.07%), ash (0.22±0.00 – 1.91±0.06%), fat (7.13±0.18 -24.43±2.02%) and crude fibre (0.200±0.00 – 0.815±0.40%). The mineral contents of the products had the following range (mg/kg): Calcium (23.93±1.17 – 55.74±0.79), magnesium (93.08±4.50 – 124.11±0.42) potassium (282.55±3.61 – 509.86±0.21), sodium (19.40±0.92 -34.26±1.17) iron (0.23±0.03 – 4.75±0.26) and manganese (15.71±1.00 – 59.45±2.26). The study revealed that the chemical and nutritional compositions of tiger nut-soybean cheese are such that can substitute dairy cheese in human nutrition.

Page(s): 76-80                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 December 2022

 Abu, M. A.
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

 Amakoromo, E. R.
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

 Eruteya. O. C.
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

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Abu, M. A., Amakoromo, E. R. and Eruteya. O. C., “Chemical and Nutritional Compositions of Cheese-Like Products from Tiger Nut and Soybean Fermented with Lactobacillus Plantarum Strain AMA2A ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-7-issue-11, pp.76-80 November 2022  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/volume-7-issue-11/76-80.pdf

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