Li-Fi concept in terms of modulation techniques

Meher Afroj – June 2023 Page No.: 01-05

Li-Fi (light fidelity) is a bidirectional wireless system that transmits data via LED or infrared light. Li-Fi technology only needs a light source with a chip to transmit an internet signal through light waves. The system has a receiver to pick up light signals and transmitter to send light signals back to the lamp using infrared light. The technology has high data rate as well as high spectral efficiency and also robust against inter symbol interference. Different forms of OFDM (a multicarrier modulation technique) are being used for Li-fi scheme. This paper reflects the theoretical study of various modulation techniques of Li-fi technology.

Page(s): 01-05                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 June 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8601

 Meher Afroj
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Bangladesh University of Business and Technology

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Meher Afroj “Li-Fi concept in terms of modulation techniques ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.01-05 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8601

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Study on Cryptography, Steganography and Combination of both for Data Security

Meher Afroj June 2023 Page No.: 06-14

Secure data communication is a key factor today while communicating through the unreliable network. Nowadays almost all applications are internet-based and it is important that communication made confidential and secure. But network of so many people is always unreliable. Cryptography and steganography are two important techniques which is used for secret and reliable communication over the network. Cryptography is the process of protecting information using different cryptographic algorithms so that only the intended person can read and process it. Steganography is the process of protecting information by hiding it inside another file such as image, audio, video and so on. But in recent years cryptanalysis study becomes so strong that only cryptography or only steganography alone may not enough for securing data. So the combination of cryptography and steganography produce stronger method than previous. In recent years many works has done or proposed about combining different types of cryptography and steganography schemes to make the transmission of data more secure through unreliable medium efficiently. This paper will help to understand some recent works related to combining cryptography and steganography within a short period of time and also will help to precede further study.

Page(s): 06-14                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 June 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8602

 Meher Afroj
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Bangladesh University of Business and Technology

1. A.G Palathingal, A. George, B. A. Thomas and A. R. Paul, “Enhanced Cloud Data Security using Combined Encryption and Steganography,” International Research journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Volume 5, Issue 13, 2018.
2. G. Sateesh, E. S. Lakshmi, M.Ramanimma, K. Jairam and A. Yeswanth, “Assured Data Communication using Cryptography and Steganography,”IJLTEMAS, Volume 5, Issue 3, 2016.
3. S. Almuhammadi and A. Al-Shaaby, “A Survey on Recent Approaches Combining Cryptography and Steganography,” Computer Science & Information Technology (CS & IT), 2017.
4. B. Chauhan, S. Borikar, S. Aote and Prof. V. Katankar, “A Survey on Image Cryptography Using Lightweight Encryption
5. Algorithm,” International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology (IJSRSET), Volume 4, Issue 4, 2018.
6. A. Agath, C. Sidpara and D. Upadhyay, “Critical Analysis of Cryptography and Steganography,” International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology (IJSRSET), Volume 4, Issue 2, 2018.
7. R. S. Phadte and R. Dhanraj, “Enhanced Blend of Image Steganography and Cryptography,” International Conference on Computing Methodologies and Communication (ICCMC), 2017.
8. S. Akolkor, Y. Kokulware and A. Neharkar, “Secure Payment System using Steganography and Visual Cryptography,” International Journal of Computing and Technology (IJCAT), Volume 3, Issue 1, 2016.
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15. A. Kumar, V. Nagare, S. Dhakane and Prof. S. Y. Kanawade, “Secured Wireless Communication Through Zigbee using
16. Cryptography and steganography,” International Journal for Innovation Research in Science and Technology (IJIRST), Volume 2, Issue 11, 2016.
17. J. V. Karthik and B. V. Reddy, \Authentication of secret information in image stenography,”International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security (IJCSNS), vol. 14, no. 6, p. 58,2014

Meher Afroj “Study on Cryptography, Steganography and Combination of both for Data Security ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.06-14 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8602

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Motivation for the Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Therapy in Patients with Hypertension

Meutia Zuhra, Mursal, Abdul Gani, Sri Andala, Ida Suryawati, Rizki Maulidya, Nikmaturrahmah – June 2023 Page No.: 15-20

Hypertension is a worldwide public health issue. People with hypertension use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy to lower the risk of problems and attain the intended level of health. People prefer complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) because they want to get better quickly, because it is appropriate, inexpensive, and healing is speed, and because they feel comfortable and peaceful after being treated. The study’s goal was to investigate the motivation of hypertension patients in Meureubo Village, Makmur District, and Bireuen Regency to adopt complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy. The descriptive design is used in this investigation. The complete sample technique was used to select 103 hypertensive respondents for this investigation. The findings revealed that 48 patients with hypertension (46.6%) were highly motivated to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy. According to the study’s findings, the majority of respondents are highly motivated to pursue complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy. It is recommended that people with hypertension use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy as an alternative non-pharmacological treatment of hypertension by meeting the requirements for the right selection of ingredients, the right dose, the right time to use it, and the right way to use it in order to achieve the best results while remaining safe to use.

Page(s): 15-20                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8603

 Meutia Zuhra
STIKes Muhammadiyah Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia

 Mursal
STIKes Muhammadiyah Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia

 Abdul Gani
STIKes Muhammadiyah Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia

 Sri Andala
STIKes Muhammadiyah Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia

 Ida Suryawati
STIKes Muhammadiyah Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia

 Rizki Maulidya
STIKes Muhammadiyah Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia

 Nikmaturrahmah
STIKes Muhammadiyah Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia

1. Akbar, F., Syamsidar, & Widya Nengsih. (2020). Karakteristik Lanjut Usia dengan Hipertensi di Desa Banua Baru. Bina Generasi : Jurnal Kesehatan, 11(2), 6–8. https://doi.org/10.35907/bgjk.v11i2.141
2. Arum, Y. T. G. (2019). Hipertensi pada Penduduk Usia Produktif (15-64 Tahun). Higeia Journal of Public Health Research and Development, 1(3), 84–94. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15294/higeia.v3i3.30235
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4. Ervina, L., & Ayubi, D. (2018). Peran Kepercayaan Terhadap Penggunaan Pengobatan Tradisional Pada Penderita Hipertensi Di Kota Bengkulu. Perilaku Dan Promosi Kesehatan: Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior, 1(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.47034/ppk.v1i1.2101
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Meutia Zuhra, Mursal, Abdul Gani, Sri Andala, Ida Suryawati, Rizki Maulidya, Nikmaturrahmah “Motivation for the Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Therapy in Patients with Hypertension” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.15-20 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8603

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Influence of Guidance and Counseling as Teachers’ Discipline Management Strategies on Kenya Certificate of Secondary Examination in Public Secondary Schools in Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya

Dr. Jacob Kinoti Nkarichia – June 2023 Page No.: 21-36

Discipline in schools is about positive behavior change in order to create conducive environment for learning. When discipline is achieved in secondary schools, it becomes instrumental in students academic performance. This study focused on assessment of the influence of teachers’ discipline management strategies on KCSE performance in public secondary schools in Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya. The objective of this study was to establish the influence of school rules on KCSE performance. The county has had a trend of grade wastage from KCPE to KCSE. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The study targeted 104 public secondary schools in Tharaka Nithi County, with 10 boys schools, 17 girls schools and 77 mixed schools. Stratified random, purposive sampling method and Krejcie& Morgan population sample table was used to determine the sample size. Principals and teachers were the respondents in this study. Interview schedule for 21 principals and 346 questionnaires for teachers were used as tools for data collection. The study sampled 42 schools, which constituted 40% of the total population size. The researcher prepared the instruments with expert judgment by supervisors. Cronbach’s Alpha Coefficient (α) was employed in determining the reliability of the instruments. The study was based on Systems Theory of Peter M. A pilot study of 10% of the sample schools and respondents was carried out from each of school category. Alpha index of 0.869 was obtained for the teachers’ questionnaires. The reliability of the interview schedule was ensured by the consistency of the questions and the order in which they were administered. The study used descriptive statistics which included frequencies, measures of central tendencies (mean) and measures of dispersion (standard deviation). Inferential statistics Pearson r was used to test the relationships of the hypotheses with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) in analyzing the data. The data from the interview guide was arranged thematically, transcribed and then presented verbatim in order to triangulate the results. The results revealed that school rules did not influence KCSE performance positively. The findings of this study are expected to be of benefit to different stake holders like teachers, parents and policy developers,who are sensitized with new information on alternative disciplinary strategies to be used on students’ discipline in schools, the policy makers are assisted to come up with a new policy on use of alternative disciplinary methods in schools.

Page(s): 21-36                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 03 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8604

 Dr. Jacob Kinoti Nkarichia
Department of Education,Tharaka University

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Dr. Jacob Kinoti Nkarichia “Influence of Guidance and Counseling as Teachers’ Discipline Management Strategies on Kenya Certificate of Secondary Examination in Public Secondary Schools in Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.21-36 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8604

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Prediction of Cervical Cancer Using Boosting Techniques.

Ramoni Tirimisiyu Amosa, Adekiigbe Adebanjo, Olawale Olaniran Kayode, Fabiyi Aderanti Alifat, Olorunlomerue Adam Biodun, Oluwatosin Adefunke Oluwatobi, Adejola Aanu Adeyinka & Fakiyesi Favour – June 2023 Page No.: 37-44

Cancer of the cervix, commonly called cervical cancer, is a type of cancer that develops in the cells of the cervix, which is the lower portion of the uterus that attaches to the vagina. It hardly shown symptoms in its early stage. To detect the disease, regular is required, however larger population of women not aware of this approach while many shy away and refuse to take the test. Hence cervical cancer spread like wild fire among women and being the most common cause of cancer disease it result to untimely death among women in our society today. In this research, the performance of a few sophisticated ensemble models, such as Bagging Classifier and Adaptive Boosting (AdaBoost) Classifier, is shown for the purpose of predicting a diagnosis of cervical cancer based on recorded cancer risk factors and target variables. Accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were the measures that were used in the evaluation of the models. Python library was adopted for the classification and the cervical cancer dataset used for the experiment was acquired from UCI (University of California at Irvine), the classification was carried using voting approach by combining three classifiers: Decision Tree (DT), K-N Neighbour(KNN) and Random Forest (RF). The results indicated that the proposed model was highly accurate in predicting the risk of cervical cancer, with 119 instances classified as ‘class zero’ and only three instances classified as ‘class one’ based on the predictions.

Page(s): 37-44                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 03 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8605

 Ramoni Tirimisiyu Amosa
Department of Computer Science, School of Applied Sciences, Federal Polytechnic Ede, Osun State, Nigeria.

 Adekiigbe Adebanjo
Department of Computer Science, School of Applied Sciences, Federal Polytechnic Ede, Osun State, Nigeria.

 Olawale Olaniran Kayode
Department of Science Laboratory Technology, School of Applied Sciences, Federal Polytechnic Ede, Osun State, Nigeria.

 Fabiyi Aderanti Alifat
Department of Computer Science, School of Applied Sciences, Federal Polytechnic Ede, Osun State, Nigeria.

 Olorunlomerue Adam Biodun
Department of Computer Science, School of Applied Sciences, Federal Polytechnic Ede, Osun State, Nigeria.

 Oluwatosin Adefunke Oluwatobi
Department of Computer Science, School of Applied Sciences, Federal Polytechnic Ede, Osun State, Nigeria.

 Adejola Aanu Adeyinka
Department of Computer Science, School of Applied Sciences, Federal Polytechnic Ede, Osun State, Nigeria.

 Fakiyesi Favour
Department of Computer Science, School of Applied Sciences, Federal Polytechnic Ede, Osun State, Nigeria.

1. Apalla, Z., Nashan, D., Weller, R. B., & Castellsagué, X. (2017). Skin cancer: epidemiology, disease burden, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and therapeutic approaches. Dermatology and therapy, 7, 5-19.
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3. Cohen, P. A., Jhingran, A., Oaknin, A., & Denny, L. (2019). Cervical cancer. The Lancet, 393(10167), 169-182.
4. Desai, A., Gupta, R., Advani, S., Ouellette, L., Kuderer, N. M., Lyman, G. H., & Li, A. (2021). Mortality in hospitalized patients with cancer and coronavirus disease 2019: a systematic review and meta‐analysis of cohort studies. Cancer, 127(9), 1459-1468.
5. De Santis, C. E., Ma, J., Gaudet, M. M., Newman, L. A., Miller, K. D., Goding Sauer, A., … & Siegel, R. L. (2019). Breast cancer statistics, 2019. CA: a cancer journal for clinicians, 69(6), 438-451.
6. Fahad Ullah, M. (2019). Breast cancer: current perspectives on the disease status. Breast Cancer Metastasis and Drug Resistance: Challenges and Progress, 51-64.
7. Ferlay, J., Colombet, M., Soerjomataram, I., Parkin, D. M., Piñeros, M., Znaor, A., & Bray, F. (2021). Cancer statistics for the year 2020: An overview. International journal of cancer, 149(4), 778-789.
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9. Hejmadi, M. (2014). Introduction to cancer biology. Bookboon.
10. Keller, D. S., Windsor, A., Cohen, R., & Chand, M. (2019). Colorectal cancer in inflammatory bowel disease: review of the evidence. Techniques in coloproctology, 23, 3-13.
11. Robilotti, E. V., Babady, N. E., Mead, P. A., Rolling, T., Perez-Johnston, R., Bernardes, M., … & Kamboj, M. (2020). Determinants of COVID-19 disease severity in patients with cancer. Nature medicine, 26(8), 1218-1223.
12. Saini, K. S., Tagliamento, M., Lambertini, M., McNally, R., Romano, M., Leone, M., … & de Azambuja, E. (2020). Mortality in patients with cancer and coronavirus disease 2019: a systematic review and pooled analysis of 52 studies. European Journal of Cancer, 139, 43-50.
13. Shah, S. C., & Itzkowitz, S. H. (2022). Colorectal cancer in inflammatory bowel disease: Mechanisms and management. Gastroenterology, 162(3), 715-730.
14. Siegel, R. L., Miller, K. D., & Jemal, A. (2018). Cancer statistics, 2018. CA: a cancer journal for clinicians, 68(1), 7-30.

Ramoni Tirimisiyu Amosa, Adekiigbe Adebanjo, Olawale Olaniran Kayode, Fabiyi Aderanti Alifat, Olorunlomerue Adam Biodun, Oluwatosin Adefunke Oluwatobi, Adejola Aanu Adeyinka & Fakiyesi Favour “Prediction of Cervical Cancer Using Boosting Techniques.” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.37-44 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8605

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Investigation of the Gravity Anomalies within Brass and Environs, Niger Delta Area, Nigeria: Implications for Hydrocarbon Prospectivity

Egwuonwu, Gabriel Ndubuisi, Ibe, Stephen Onyejiuwaka, Ejike, Kingsley Nnaemeka, Orji, Obinwa, and Ombu, Righteous Emmanuel – June 2023 Page No.: 45-56

The airborne gravity data over Brass Area and environs, Niger Delta Area, Nigeria were processed and interpreted in order to delineate the sedimentary thickness within the basin and map out places with the potentials for hydrocarbon formation, accumulation and migration. The geological structures, depths andstructural trends within the area were investigated using Total Horizontal Gradient, Tilt Derivative, Analytical Signal Filters and Euler Deconvolution techniques. The results from Euler depths showed that the sedimentary thickness and structural depths within the area range from about 1.6 to over 17.4 km.The area predominantly has NE-SW structural trend with minor NW-SE trend.The sediment thickness and structural endowment of the area prompted the classification of Egeregere, Brass, Spiff Town, Kirikakiri Areas in the northern and the southern partsof the area as zones of very viable potentials for hydrocarbon generation, accumulation and migration.

Page(s): 45-56                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 03 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8606

 Egwuonwu, Gabriel Ndubuisi
Department of Physics and Industrial Physics, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria

 Ibe, Stephen Onyejiuwaka
Department of Physics, Federal University Otuoke, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.

 Ejike, Kingsley Nnaemeka
Department of Physics and Industrial Physics, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria

 Orji, Obinwa
Department of Physics, Clifford University, Owerrinta, Nigeria.

 Ombu, Righteous Emmanuel
Department of Physics with Electronics, Federal Polytechnic Ekowe, Bayelsa State.

1. Wright, J.B., Hastings, D.A., Jones, W.B. and Williams, H.R. (1985). Geology and mineral resources of West Africa. George Allen and Unwin, London. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-3932-6.
2. Ibe, S.O. and Uche, I. (2021). Spectral Re-evaluation of Sediment Thickness within AfikpoBasin and Environs, Southeastern Nigeria, using High Resolution Aeromagnetic Dataset. International Journal of Advanced Geosciences, vol. 9 (1), pp. 11-18.
3. Cengiz, O., Sener, E and Yagmurlu, F. (2006). A satellite image approach to the study of lineaments circular structures and regional geology in the Golcuk Crater district and its environs (Isparta, SW Turkey); J. Asian Earth Sci. 27(2) 155-163.
4. El Gout, R., Khattach, D. and Houari, MR. (2009). Gravity study of the northern flank of Béni Snassen (Eastern North Morocco): structural and hydrogeological implications. Mohamed Premier University, Oujda. Bull. Ins Sci., Rabat, Earth Sciences Section, 31, 61-75.
5. Ibe, S.O. and Anekwe, U. L. (2016). Reliability of Density of Rock Generated from Its P-Wave Velocity in Geophysics Interpretations and Geotechnical Studies. International Organisation of Scientific Research IOSR- Journal of Applied Geology and Geophysics.www.iosrjournals.org (IOSR-JAGG). e-ISSN: 2321-0990, p-ISSN: 2321-0982, 4(5): 30 – 36.
6. Lucas F.A and Odedede 0. (2012). Lithofacies characterization of sedimentary succession from Late Cretaceous-Tertiary age in Benin west-1, Northern Depobelt, Anambra Basin, Nigeria”, World Journal of Engineering, Vol. 9 Issue: 6, pp.513-518.
7. Lucas F.A and Omodolor H.E. (2018). Lithofacies Characterization of Sedimentary Succession from Oligocene to Early Miocene Age in X2 Well, Greater Ughelli Depo Belt, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2018, 6(2), 77-84. DOI: 10.12691/jgg-6-2-5
8. Milligan, P. R. and Gunn, P. J. (1997). Enhancement and presentation of airborne geophysical data. AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics, 17(2):64–774.
9. Murat, R. C. (1972). Stratigraphy and paleogeography of the Cretaceous and lower Tertiary in Southern Nigeria. In Proc. of the Conf. on African Geology held at Ibadan, Nigeria. pp. 251-266
10. Oruc, B. and Selim, H. (2011). Interpretation of magnetic data in the Sinop area of Mid Black Sea, Turkey, using tilt derivative, Euler deconvolution, and discrete wavelet transform. Journal of Applied Geophysics, 74, 194–204.
11. Osazuwa, I.B. (2006). Gravity: The Foundation of Geophysics and Its Usefulness to Mankind. An Inaugural Lecture, 12th July, 2006, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
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13. Telford, W., Geldart, L. and Sheriff, R. (1990). Applied Geophysics (second edi).
14. Verduzco, B., Fairhead, J., Green, C. and Mackenzie, C. (2004). New insights into magnetic derivatives for structural mapping. The Leading Edge, 23, 116-119.
15. Anyanwu G, Mamah L. (2013). Structural Interpretation of Abakaliki-Ugep; Using Airborne Magnetic and Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) Data. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, Vol. 3, pp. 137-148.
16. Uche I, Ibe SO, Nwokeabia CN. (2020). Curie Depth and Heat Flow Analysis of Ikot Ekpene and Environs, Eastern Niger Delta Basin, using Airborne Magnetic Data. International Journal of Advanced Geosciences, vol. 8 (2), pp. 263 -271.
17. Egwuonwu, G. N., Ezeh, O. C., Jegede, S. I., Umego, M. N. (2021) “Two-Dimensional Modeling of Subsurface Magnetic Lithology in Sokoto Basin, Northwestern Nigeria” Published in International Research Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Technology – IRJIET, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 40-45. Article DOI https://doi.org/10.47001/IRJIET/2021.501005

Egwuonwu, Gabriel Ndubuisi, Ibe, Stephen Onyejiuwaka, Ejike, Kingsley Nnaemeka, Orji, Obinwa, and Ombu, Righteous Emmanuel “Investigation of the Gravity Anomalies within Brass and Environs, Niger Delta Area, Nigeria: Implications for Hydrocarbon Prospectivity” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.45-56 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8606

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Expectations and Experiences of Primiparous Women Who Delivered at Federal Medical Center, Asaba, Delta State

Asiodu, Anthonia Ifeanyi, Anieche, John Emenike – June 2023 Page No.: 57-65

This is a qualitative study that determined the expectations and experiences of primiparous women who deliver at Federal Medical Centre, Asaba. A sample of 20 women participated in the study. Instrument for data collection was researchers’ structured interview matrix that was validated and tested for internal consistency. Data were collected through face to face in depth interview. Data collected for the study were coded based on similarities and differences in the responses of the women and results were presented in tables with frequencies and percentage distributions. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied for the analysis using IBM SPSS-version 23. Findings from the study showed that majority of the primiparous women who delivered at FMC Asaba had expectations before childbirth such as clean and well equipped hospital, qualified health personnel (90%), and supportive midwives. Their experiences during childbirth included having a clean environment with modernized equipment, qualified and supportive Midwives on ground to care for them etc. All the primiparous women (100%) disclosed that the hospital bill did not match their expectations as it was higher than expected for government health institution. The study revealed that there is no correlation between expectations and experiences of primiparous women as shown by a correlation coefficient of 0.397. The researchers recommended that there should be a birthing environment with the health care providers that are competent, compassionate and sneral wellbeing of a woman at childbirth.

Page(s): 57-65                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8607

 Asiodu, Anthonia Ifeanyi
Federal Medical Center Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria

 Anieche, John Emenike
Department of Nursing Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nigeria

1. Aasheim, V., Waldenstrom, U. & Rasmussen, S. (2013) Experience of childbirth in first-time mothers of advanced age – A Norwegian population-based study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth; 13:27–53.
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Asiodu, Anthonia Ifeanyi, Anieche, John Emenike “Expectations and Experiences of Primiparous Women Who Delivered at Federal Medical Center, Asaba, Delta State” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.57-65 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8607

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Nurse’s Level of Knowledge about Cardiac Arrest Treatment

Yudi Akbar, Feandi Putera, Rizki Maulidya, Ida Suryawati, Aulia Rahmi, Sri Andala – June 2023 Page No.: 66-69

One of the most common emergency situations in the community is cardiac arrest. Basic life support must be initiated immediately to maintain survival. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills are first aid for the treatment of cardiac arrest and can prevent the risk of death and brain disability. Knowledge of cardiac arrest is the main thing that must be mastered by nurses before carrying out basic treatment on patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of knowledge of nurses possess about the management of cardiac arrest at Munyang Kute Redelong Hospital. This research is descriptive research using a cross-sectional design. The population in this study was 82, and the sample in this study was 82 respondents. The sampling technique used in this study was purposive sampling. The results obtained from this study showed that the majority of nurses have sufficient knowledge, as many as 54 people (65.9%), and nurses who have a low level of knowledge, as many as 28 people (34.1%). Based on the results of the study, the level of knowledge of nurses about the management of cardiac arrest was as high as 65.9%. This research is expected to be a benchmark for hospitals to provide BTCLS or BHD training so that nurses’ knowledge about the management of cardiac arrest continues to be upgraded. Suggestions for nurses to continue to update their knowledge and develop practical skills to contribute to the management of cardiac arrest.

Page(s): 66-69                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8608

 Yudi Akbar
STIKes Muhammadiyah Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia

 Feandi Putera
STIKes Muhammadiyah Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia

 Rizki Maulidya
STIKes Muhammadiyah Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia

 Ida Suryawati
STIKes Muhammadiyah Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia

 Aulia Rahmi
STIKes Muhammadiyah Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia

 Sri Andala
STIKes Muhammadiyah Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia

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2. Andrayani, L. (2019). Pengalaman Perawat Melaksanakan Chain of Survival dalam Penanganan Henti Jantung di IGD RSUP NTB (Studi Fenomenologi) (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Brawijaya)
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Yudi Akbar, Feandi Putera, Rizki Maulidya, Ida Suryawati, Aulia Rahmi, Sri Andala “Nurse’s Level of Knowledge about Cardiac Arrest Treatment ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.66-69 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8608

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Corruption-Violence Against Women in Zambia and Lesotho Correctional Facilities of Abettors and Heroines

Chidongo Phiri, Inonge Milupi, Mokone Musi, Kalisto Kalimaposo, Delina Nanjekana Munkoyo, Mubita Kaiko June 2023 Page No.: 70-76

This paper examined corruption violence against women in Zambia and Lesotho by highlighting how they mitigate its effects without being acknowledged as abettors and heroines of it. Of particular concern is the existence of corruption violence against women through mental and physical abuse, trauma and incarceration. This is depicted in the day to day conversations and female punishment and arrests by the state prosecutors and prison warders in Zambia and Lesotho. The women persecution has nothing to do with the level of education or professional training of the prosecutor or prison warders but the political patronage of the prosecutor. Nevertheless, corruption-violence of any form against women is not only a violation of the constitutional rights in the context of Zambia and Lesotho but also a denial of dignity, liberty and equality enshrined in the global Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations.
Sandra Bartky’s “discursive patriarchal power” provided the theoretical framework guiding this article. In agreement with Bartky’s patriarchal power which coerces women to adhere to oppressive norms of femininity, perpetuates-corruption-violence on women has material effects on their bodies and therefore, forces them to modify their behavior to abettors. This infers that the body of women becomes a site of struggle, and often resistance, for both femininity and intimate partner.
Methodologically, this article is based on library research though the large part of it involves interviews with those perceived as heroines and abettors of corruption-violence and how they negotiate it and suffer internal trauma and sexually abused silently. The paper throws some light on facets of restorative justice so that justice does not only apply to the victim only but the perpetrator too in order to promote human rights for all affected by corruption-violence.

Page(s): 70-76                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8609

 Chidongo Phiri
University of Zambia and National University of Lesotho

 Inonge Milupi
University of Zambia

 Mokone Musi
University of Zambia

 Kalisto Kalimaposo
University of Zambia

 Delina Nanjekana Munkoyo
University of Zambia

 Mubita Kaiko
University of Zambia

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Chidongo Phiri, Inonge Milupi, Mokone Musi, Kalisto Kalimaposo, Delina Nanjekana Munkoyo, Mubita Kaiko “Corruption-Violence Against Women in Zambia and Lesotho Correctional Facilities of Abettors and Heroines ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.70-76 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8609

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Knowledge of Covid-19 Prevention and Attitude Towards Vaccination among Health Workers in Ogu/Bolo Local Government Area, Rivers State

ANIECHE, John E., COUPLE, Marvellous, EZEKIEL, Rosemary, OKONKWO, Oluchukwu G. June 2023 Page No.: 77-84

This is a descriptive study that assessed the knowledge of COVID-19 vaccine and attitude towards vaccination among health workers in Ogu/Bolo Local Government Area, Rivers State. The study comprised of 148 health workers in the LGA. Self-structured questionnaire used for data collection was validated and tested for internal consistency using Crombach’s Alpha with reliability index of 0.82. Data for the study was generated through face to face administration of the instrument and analysed by descriptive and inferential statistics. Study revealed that all the health workers in Ogu/Bolo Local Government Area, Rivers State know that COVID-19 has preventive measures. Majority of them (95.3%) know that there is vaccine for the prevention of COVID-19. All those that know that there is vaccine for COVID-19 know about Astrar Zeneca Vaccine and a good number (63.5%) know about Moderna Spikevax, Pfizer-BioNTech Comirnaty Vaccine but lesser number (25.7%) know about Johnson and Johnson vaccine. Greater number of the health workers (66.0%) knows that the vaccine should be taken from 18 years and above. Majority of the health workers (78.0%) believe that the vaccines are effective in the prevention of COVID-19. Majority of the participants showed a positive attitude towards COVID-19 Vaccination with mean score=2.71; SD=±0.650. Study also revealed that there is a significant relationship between level of knowledge on preventive measures and attitude of health workers towards COVID-19 vaccination (t = 17.23; P < 0.5%). The researchers concluded that continuous health education on COVID-19 and its emergence must have aided the knowledge of these health workers which should be sustained. The study recommends that health workers should be retrained periodically to sustain their knowledge and improve their attitude on the subject matter.

Page(s): 77-84                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8610

 ANIECHE, John E.
Department of Nursing Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Nigeria

 COUPLE, Marvellous
Department of Nursing Science, PAMO University of Medical Sciences, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

 EZEKIEL, Rosemary
Department of Nursing Science, PAMO University of Medical Sciences, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

 OKONKWO, Oluchukwu G.
Department of Nursing Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Nigeria

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ANIECHE, John E., COUPLE, Marvellous, EZEKIEL, Rosemary, OKONKWO, Oluchukwu G. “Knowledge of Covid-19 Prevention and Attitude Towards Vaccination among Health Workers in Ogu/Bolo Local Government Area, Rivers State ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.77-84 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8610

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Thin Cell Layer Culture of Dendrobium sp. and Cymbidium sp.

Tran Van Minh – June 2023 Page No.: 85-93

Vietnam, a nation located in tropical region, has an important plan for flower development esspecially in tropical orchid; and the first barrier is seedling production. Some orchid species are difficult to regenerate, and thin cell layer is a method for manipulation. Dendrobium in low land tropic and Cymbidium in high land tropic were used as model to produce seedlings for high demand from farmers. Dendrobium sp.: Young shoot from the pot was used as materials for in vitro shoot regeneration on the medium MS + BA (1mg/l) + IBA (0.1mg/l) after 30 days and the in vitro shoots were cultured on the same media for multiplication. The shoots were prepared separately to leaves and shoot tip that were cultured on the thin cell layer culture medium MS + 2iP (1mg/l) + IBA (0.1mg/l) to raise 6-8 shoots/shoot tip sample and 4-6 PLB/leaf sample. Diversity of gene in cultivation was not recorded in difference about PLB initiation with 4-6 PLB/sample. Shoots and PLB were multiplied on the medium of MS + Adenine sulfate (10mg/l) + IBA (0,1mg/l) + BA (1mg/l). Shoots were rooted well on the medium MS + IBA (1mg/l). The thin cell layer culture of Dendrobium sp. was established. Cymbidium sp.: Young shoot from the pot was used as materials for in vitro shoot regeneration on the medium MS + peptone (1g/l) + BA (1mg/l) + NAA (0.5mg/l) after 30 days. In vitro shoots were used as materials and were multiplied on the medium MS + peptone (1g/l) + BA (1mg/l) + NAA (0.5mg/l). Shoots were released separately to leaf and shoot tip and cultured on the thin cell layer culture medium MS + peptone (1g/l) + BA (1mg/l) + NAA (0.5mg/l) to raise 4-6 PLB/shoot tip sample and 3-5 PLB/leaf sample. PLB raised from shoot tip was bigger than from leaf. PLBs were multiplied on the medium of MS + BA (1mg/l) + NAA (0.5mg/l). PLBs were regenerated and rooted on the medium MS + BA (0,1mg/l) + rhizogen (5mg/l) with high rate of 100% after 45 days. The diversity of gene was recognized that it was not different on 5 clones cultured about PLB initiation with 4-6 PLB/sample. The thin cell layer culture of Cymbidium sp. was established. Application of TCL method for two orchid sepcies leading to create primary materials as multiple shoots and PLB for far micropropagation.

Page(s): 85-93                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8611

 Tran Van Minh
International University, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Key Lab of Plant Cell Biotechnology, Institute of Tropical Biology, Vietnam

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Tran Van Minh “Thin Cell Layer Culture of Dendrobium sp. and Cymbidium sp. ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.85-93 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8611

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On New Runge-Kutta Second and Third Orders for Solving First Order ODE

Modiu A. MOHAMMED; Johnson F. BAIYERI; Olayinka M. AYENI; Ismaila S. AMUSA and Temitope O. OGUNBAYO June 2023 Page No.: 94-108

Runge-Kutta methods are iterative methods for the approximation of solutions of ODE’s that were developed around 1900 by the German Mathematicians C. Runge (1856–1927) and M.W. Kutta (1867–1944). Runge-Kutta methods provide a popular way to solve the initial value problem for a system of ordinary differential equations and many Mathematicians have developed these methods in different ways. In this research work, we gave the overview of Runge-Kutta second and third orders in a simplified way and obtained new Runge-Kutta methods for these orders; our new schemes are better than the previous results obtained on the method.

Page(s): 94-108                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8612

 Modiu A. MOHAMMED
Department of Mathematics, Yaba College of Technology, P.M.B. 2011, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria

 Johnson F. BAIYERI
Department of Mathematics, Yaba College of Technology, P.M.B. 2011, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria

 Olayinka M. AYENI
Department of Mathematics, Yaba College of Technology, P.M.B. 2011, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria

 Ismaila S. AMUSA
Department of Mathematics, Yaba College of Technology, P.M.B. 2011, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria

 Temitope O. OGUNBAYO
Department of Mathematics, Yaba College of Technology, P.M.B. 2011, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria

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Modiu A. MOHAMMED; Johnson F. BAIYERI; Olayinka M. AYENI; Ismaila S. AMUSA and Temitope O. OGUNBAYO “On New Runge-Kutta Second and Third Orders for Solving First Order ODE ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.94-108 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8612

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Microbiological and Physichochemical Analysis of Milk Under Solar Powered Cooling System in Siaya County, Kenya

Maryanne Betsy Usagi, Benson Onyango, Bernard Muok and William Omuketi – June 2023 Page No.: 109-116

This study aimed to determine the effect of solar powered milk cooling on the microbiological and physicochemical properties of milk. So far, information on impact of solar milk cooling on the microbiological and physicochemical properties of milk remains limited. Samples of uncooled (144) and milk cooled (144) using SPMCS were analyzed for changes in physicochemical and bacterial counts. Clot on boiling, alcohol test and pH were determined as physical components of milk. Chemical composition such as butter fat content, lactose, protein and density were also determined using a lactoscan. Bacterial counts were determined and expressed as colony forming units (cfu). All cooled milk samples were negative for both COB and alcohol test while 12.5 % and 22.2 % of the uncooled milk samples were positive for COB and alcohol test respectively. The pH of cooled (6.63) and uncooled milk (6.4) was significantly different. Similarly, cfu for cooled (5.8 log10 cfu/ml) and uncooled milk (6.4 log10 cfu/ml) samples were significantly different. Negative clot on boiling and alcohol test for cooled milk indicates the effectiveness of SPMCS in preserving milk quality. Slightly higher pH and low bacterial counts of cooled milk was as a result of reduced microbial activity due to low temperatures provided by SPMCS. The system was effective in preserving milk quality on transit thereby lowering losses incurred by farmers.

Page(s): 109-116                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8613

 Maryanne Betsy Usagi
Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology, P.O BOX 210-40601 Bondo, Kenya

 Benson Onyango
Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology, P.O BOX 210-40601 Bondo, Kenya

 Bernard Muok
Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology, P.O BOX 210-40601 Bondo, Kenya

 William Omuketi
Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology, P.O BOX 210-40601 Bondo, Kenya

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Maryanne Betsy Usagi, Benson Onyango, Bernard Muok and William Omuketi “Microbiological and Physichochemical Analysis of Milk Under Solar Powered Cooling System in Siaya County, Kenya ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.109-116 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8613

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Cannabis sativa: Applications of Artificial Intelligence AI and Plant Tissue Culture for Micropropagation

Ravindra B. Malabadi, Nethravathi TL, Kiran P. Kolkar, Raju K. Chalannavar, Bhagyavana S. Mudigoudra, Lavanya L, Gholamreza Abdi, Himansu Baijnath – June 2023 Page No.: 117-142

This review paper highlights about the important applications of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and in vitro micropropagation of Cannabis. Cannabis micropropagation has largely been an underground effort with few peer reviewed studies. This lack of insight concerning in vitro cannabis techniques has limited the biotechnological utility of Cannabis crop. This is mainly due to the fact that Cannabis found to be recalcitrant under in vitro conditions, restrictions, long legacy of prohibition and stigmatization surrounding this Indian origin medicinal plant. Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL) are two of the most exciting technological areas of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Data is a power today, and artificial intelligence (AI) can help Cannabis businesses to gather and analyze data in a wide variety of ways. Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology has enhanced Cannabis crop production and improved real-time monitoring, harvesting, processing and marketing. These technologies saves the excess use of water, pesticides, herbicides, maintains the fertility of the soil, and also helps in the efficient use of man power and elevated the productivity and improved the quality of Cannabis products. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are widely used in science and technology, and have been successfully applied in Cannabis plant tissue cultures. Furthermore, Artificial neural networks (ANNs) can also simulate the growth of plants under different in vitro conditions. However, very few and limited in vitro regeneration protocols have been developed in Cannabis and existing protocols highlights only organogenesis. Therefore, there is a golden opportunity for the development of new in vitro regeneration protocols particularly induction of somatic embryogenesis, cryopreservation, protoplast isolation and culture, genetic transformation, production of synthetic seeds, and anther culture for the production of haploids in Cannabis.

Page(s): 117-142                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8614

 Ravindra B. Malabadi
Department of Applied Botany, Mangalore University, Mangalagangotri-574199, Mangalore, Karnataka State, India

 Nethravathi TL
Department of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML), SJC Institute of Technology, Chikkaballapur-5621010, Karnataka state, India

 Kiran P. Kolkar
Department of Botany, Karnatak Science College, Dharwad-580003, Karnataka State, India

 Raju K. Chalannavar
Department of Applied Botany, Mangalore University, Mangalagangotri-574199, Mangalore, Karnataka State, India

 Bhagyavana S. Mudigoudra
Department of Computer Science, Maharani Cluster University, Bangalore- 560 001, Karnataka state, India

 Lavanya L
Department of Biochemistry, REVA University, Bangalore -560064, Karnataka State, India

 Gholamreza Abdi
Department of Biotechnology, Persian Gulf Research Institute, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, 75169, Iran

 Himansu Baijnath
Ward Herbarium, School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000, South Africa

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51. Uozumi N, Yoshino T, Shiotani S, Suehara K, Arai F, Fukuda T, Kobayashi T. Application of image analysis with neural network for plant somatic embryo culture. J. Ferment. Bioeng. 1993; 76: 505-50.
52. Zhang C, Timmis R, Hu WS. A neural network based pattern recognition system for somatic embryos of Douglas fir. Plant Cell Tiss. Organ Cult. 1999; 56: 25-35
53. Prasad VSS, Dutta A, Gupta S. Photometric clustering of regenerated plants of gladiolus by neural networks and its biological validation. Comput. Electron. Agr. 60: 8-17. Ruan R., Xu J., Zhang C., Chi C.-M., Hu W.-S. (1997) Classification of plant somatic embryos by using neural network classifiers. Biotechnol. Prog. 2008b; 13: 741-746.
54. Pepe M, Hesami M, Small F, Jones AMP. Comparative Analysis of Machine Learning and Evolutionary Optimization Algorithms for Precision Micropropagation of Cannabis sativa: Prediction and Validation of in vitro Shoot Growth and Development Based on the Optimization of Light and Carbohydrate Sources. Front. Plant Sci. 2021; 12:757869. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2021.757869.
55. Hesami M, Jones AMP. Application of artificial intelligence models and optimization algorithms in plant cell tissue culture. Appl. Microbial Biotechnol. 2020; 104: 9449-9485.
56. Jafari M, Daneshvar MH, Jafari S, Hesami M. Machine Learning-Assisted In Vitro Rooting Optimization in Passiflora caerulea. Forests. 2022; 13: https://doi.org/10.3390/f1312202.
57. Malabadi RB, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S. Induction of somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in different varieties of Sugarcane (Saccharam officinarum L.). Research in Plant Biology. 2011; 1(4):39-41.
58. Malabadi RB, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S. Induction of somatic embryogenesis in Papaya (Carica papaya L.). Research in Biotechnology. 2011; 2(5):40-55.
59. Malabadi RB, Teixeira da Silva JA, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S, Mulgund GS Induction of somatic embryogenesis in Mango (Mangifera indica). International Journal of Biological Technology. 2011; 2(2):12-18.
60. Malabadi RB, Vijayakumar S, Nataraja K, Mulgund GS. Induction of somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in Grapes (Vitis vinifera L.). Botany Research International. 2010; 3 (2):48-55.
61. Ramarosandratana AV, Malabadi RB, Van Staden J. Gain and loss of embryogenic competence in Norway spruce (Picea abies) embryo segments. South African Journal of Botany. 2004; 70(2):365.
62. Hasnain A, Naqvi SAH, Ayesha SI, Khalid F, Ellahi M, Iqbal S, Hassan MZ, Abbas A, Adamski R, Markowska D, Baazeem A, Mustafa G, Moustafa M, Hasan ME and Abdelhamid MMA. Plants in vitro propagation with its applications in food, pharmaceuticals and cosmetic industries; current scenario and future approaches. Front. Plant Sci. 2022; 13:1009395.
63. Norouzi O, Hesami M, Pepe M, Dutta A, Jones AMP. In vitro plant tissue culture as the fifth generation of bioenergy. Scientific Reports. 2022; 12:5038 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-09066-3.
64. Ramarosandratana AV, Malabadi RB, Van Staden J. Triiodobenzoic-acid mimics the effect of supraoptimal dose of auxin by inhibiting somatic embryo initiation in Norway spruce. South African Journal of Botany. 2004; 70 (2):365.
65. Malabadi RB, Choudhary H, Tandon P. Effect of gelling agent, carbon sources and sterilization methods on initiation and establishment of embryogenic cultures in Khasi pine (Pinus kesiya Royle ex. Gord). Applied Biological Research. 2003; 8(1&2): 1-8.
66. Malabadi RB, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K. Plant regeneration via somatic embryogenesis in Pinus kesiya (Royle ex. Gord.) influenced by triacontanol. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum. 2005; 27 (4A): 531-537.
67. Malabadi RB, van Staden J. Cold-enhanced somatic embryogenesis in Pinus patula is mediated by calcium. South African Journal of Botany. 2006; 72(4): 613-618.
68. Malabadi RB, van Staden J. Somatic embryogenesis from vegetative shoot apices of mature trees of Pinus patula. Tree Physiology. 2005; 25: 11-16.
69. Malabadi RB, Mulgund GS, Vijaykumar S. How somatic cells follows embryogenic pathway during cloning mature trees of conifers? Journal of Phytological Research. 2009; 22 (1): 53-56.
70. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. 24-epibrassinolide induces somatic embryogenesis in Pinus wallichiana A. B. Jacks. Journal of Plant Sciences. 2007; 2(2):171-178.
71. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Plant regeneration via somatic embryogenesis using secondary needles of mature trees of Pinus roxburghii Sarg. International Journal of Botany. 2007; 3(1):40-47.
72. Malabadi RB, Teixeira da Silva JA, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S, Mulgund GS. Induction of somatic embryogenesis in mature coniferous forest trees. Research in Biotechnology. 2011; 2(5):08-33.
73. Malabadi RB, van Staden J. Breakthrough in Forest Biotechnology. University of KwaZulu Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, News paper. Vol-2 (3) March 2005 page no-3.
74. Malabadi RB et al., Induction of Somatic Embryogenesis using shoot apex in Maritime Pine (Pinus pinaster): 2007. ITQB-Progress Report-Page No-96. Portugal. 2007.
75. Park SY, Klimaszewska KK, Malabadi RB, Mansfield SD. Embryogenic cultures of Lodgepole pine originating from mature trees and from immature seed explants. IUFRO Tree Biotechnology Conference, June 28th- July 2nd 2009,Whistler, BC, Canada, p 60 (abstract). 2009.
76. Aronen T, Pehkonen T, Malabadi RB, Ryynänen L. Somatic embryogenesis of Scots pine –Advances in pine tissue culture at Metla. Vegetative propagation of conifers for enhancing landscaping and tree breeding Proceedings of the Nordic meeting held in September 10th-11th 2008 at Punkaharju, Finland.
77. Aronen TS, Pehkonen T, Malabadi RB, Ryynanen L. Somatic embryogenesis of Scots pine-advances in pine tissue culture at Metla. Vegetative propagation of conifers for enhancing landscaping and tree breeding. Proceedings of the Nordic meeting held in September 10-11th 2008 at Punkaharju, Finland. Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute. 2008; 114; 68-71.
78. Aronen TS, Ryynanen L, Malabadi RB. Somatic embryogenesis of Scots pine: Initiation of cultures from mature tree explants and enhancement of culture system [Abstract]. In: IUFRO Tree Biotechnology Conference , June 3-8, 2007,Ponta Delgada, Azores, Portugal, No.SIX. 2. 2007.
79. Malabadi RB, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K. Triacontanol induced somatic embryogenesis and plantlet regeneration in Catharanthus roseus. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. 2009; 31: 147-151.
80. Teixeira da Silva JA, Malabadi RB. Factors affecting somatic embryogenesis in conifers. Journal of Forestry Research. 2012; 23(4):503-515.
81. Malabadi RB, Mulgund GS, Meti NT, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S. Influence of bud break and apical meristematic tissue competence during cloning mature trees of conifers. Research in Plant Biology. 2012; 2(2): 43-47.
82. Malabadi RB, Mulgund GS, Vijaykumar S. Smoke induced seed germination and somatic embryogenesis. Journal of Phytological Research. 2009; 22 (2):205-209.
83. Malabadi RB, Meti NT, Vijayakumar S, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K. Activation of cambial layer influences cloning of mature trees of conifers. Research in Biotechnology. 2012; 3(2): 78-82.
84. Mulgund GS, Meti NT, Malabadi RB, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S. Factors influencing cloning mature trees of conifers. Research in Plant Biology. 2012; 2(2): 38-42.
85. Malabadi RB, van Staden J. Somatic embryos can be induced from the vegetative shoot apex of mature Pinus patula trees. South African Journal of Botany. 2003; :450-451.
86. Malabadi RB, Teixeira da Silva JA, Nataraja K. Salicylic acid induces somatic embryogenesis from mature trees of Pinus roxburghii (Chir pine) using TCL Technology. Tree and Forestry Science and Biotechnology. 2008; 2(1): 34-39.
87. Mulgund GS, Meti NT, Malabadi RB, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S. Role of salicyclic acid on conifer somatic embryogenesis. Research in Biotechnology. 2012; 3(2): 57-61.
88. Malabadi RB. Effect of glutathione on maturation of somatic embryos derived from vegetative shoot apices of mature trees of Pinus roxburghii. Journal of Phytological Research. 2006; 19 (1): 35-38.
89. Aronen TS, Ryynanen L, Malabadi RB. Somatic embryogenesis of Scots pine: Initiation of cultures from mature tree explants and enhancement of culture system. 2007 IUFRO tree biotechnology conference held on 3-8th June in Ponta delgada, Azores islands, Portugal. SIX-2. 2007; (Abstract).
90. Malabadi RB, Choudhary H, Tandon P. Plant regeneration via somatic embryogenesis in Pinus kesiya (Royle ex. Gord). Applied Biological Research. 2002; 4: 1-10.
91. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Putrescine influences somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in Pinus gerardiana Wall. American Journal of Plant Physiology. 2007; 2(2):107-114.
92. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Smoke-saturated water influences somatic embryogenesis using vegetative shoot apices of mature trees of Pinus wallichiana A. B. Jacks. Journal of Plant Sciences. 2007; 2 (1): 45- 53.
93. Malabadi RB, Teixeira da Silva JA, Nataraja K. A new approach involving salicyclic acid and thin cell layers for cloning mature trees of Pinus roxburghii (Chir Pine). The Americas Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnology. 2008; 2(2):56-59.
94. Malabadi RB, van Staden J. Optimized somatic embryogenesis in Pinus patula. Sixth Annual Meeting Conference of the Research Centre for Plant Growth and Development, Department of Botany, University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. 2004; Pp-20.
95. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Somatic embryogenesis and biochemical analysis of in vitro derived plants in mothbean (Vigna aconitifolia Jacq.). Plant Cell Biotechnology and Molecular Biology. 2003; 4: 69- 74.
96. Malabadi RB, Teixeira da Silva JA. Thin cell layers: Application to forestry biotechnology. Tree and Forestry Science and Biotechnology. 2011; 5(1): 14-18.
97. Malabadi RB, Choudhury H, Tandon P. Initiation, maintenance and maturation of somatic embryos from thin apical dome sections in Pinus kesiya (Royle ex. Gord) promoted by partial desiccation and gellan gum. Scientia Horticulturae. 2004; 102: 449-459.
98. Malabadi RB, Teixeira da Silva JA, Mulgund GS. Induction of somatic embryogenesis in Pinus caribaea. Tree and Forestry Science and Biotechnology. 2011; 5(1): 27-32.
99. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Influence of triacontanol on somatic embryogenesis of Pinus roxburghii Sarg. Baltic Forestry. 2007; 13(1): 39-44.
100. Malabadi RB, van Staden J. Recent developments of clonal forestry in South Africa. Seventh Annual Meeting Conference of the Research Centre for Plant Growth and Development, Department of Botany, University of KwaZulu- Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. 2005; 2.
101. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K, Vijaykumar S, Mulgund GS. Evidence of WUSCHEL (WOX2) gene expression during induction of somatic embryogenesis from apical shoot buds of mature trees of P. roxburghii. Research in Plant Biology. 2011; 1(4):77-85.
102. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S, Mulgund GS. Journey of a single cell to a plantlet via in vitro cloning mature trees of conifers. Research in Biotechnology. 2011; 2(6):01-07.
103. Malabadi RB, van Staden J. Storability and germination of sodium alginate encapsulated somatic embryos derived from the vegetative shoot apices of mature Pinus patula trees. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture. 2005; 82:259-265.
104. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Large scale production and storability of encapsulated somatic embryos of Mothbean (Vigna aconitifolia Jacq.). Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology. 2002; 11:61-64.
105. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. In vitro storage of synthetic seeds in Clitoria ternatea (Linn.). Phytomorphology. 2002; 52 (2&3): 231-237.
106. Malabadi RB. Protoplast isolation, culture and plant regeneration in Butterfly pea (Clitoria ternatea Linn.). Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant breeding. 2003; 243-246.
107. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Cryopreservation and plant regeneration via somatic embryogenesis in Clitoria ternatea. Phytomorphology. 2004; 54 (1&2):7-17.
108. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Cryopreservation and plant regeneration via somatic embryogenesis using shoot apical domes of mature Pinus roxburghii Sarg. Trees. In vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology-Plant. 2006; 42 (2): 152-159.
109. Malabadi RB, Lokare-Naik S, Meti NT, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S. Synthesis of silver nanoparticles from in vitro derived plants and callus cultures of Clitoria ternatea; Evaluation of antimicrobial activity. Research in Biotechnology. 2012; 3(5): 26-38
110. Malabadi RB, Chalannavar RK, Meti NT, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S. Synthesis of antimicrobial silver nanoparticles by callus cultures and in vitro derived plants of Catharanthus roseus. Research in Pharmacy. 2012; 2(6):18- 31.
111. Malabadi RB, Meti NT, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S. Synthesis of silver nanoparticles from in vitro derived plants and callus cultures of Costus speciosus (Koen.): Assessment of antibacterial activity. Research in Plant Biology. 2012; 2(4): 32-42.
112. Malabadi RB, Meti NT, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S. Smoke saturated water promoted in vitro seed germination of an epiphytic orchid Oberonia ensiformis (Rees) Lindl. Research in Plant Biology. 2012; 2(5): 32-40.
113. Mulgund GS, Meti NT, Malabadi RB, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S. Smoke promoted in vitro seed germination of Pholidota pallida. Research in Plant Biology. 2012; 2(2): 24-29.
114. Mulgund GS, Nataraja K, Malabadi RB, Vijayakumar S. TDZ induced in vitro propagation of an epiphytic orchid Xenikophyton smeeanum (Reichb. f.). Research in Plant Biology. 2011; 1(4):07-15.
115. Malabadi RB, Teixeira da Silva JA, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S, Mulgund GS. In vitro seed germination of an epiphytic orchid Xenikophyton smeeanum (Reichb. f.) by using smoke-saturated-water as a natural growth promoter. International Journal of Biological Technology. 2011; 2(2):35-41.
116. Malabadi RB, Teixeira da Silva JA, Mulgund GS. In vitro shoot regeneration by culture of Liparis elliptica (Rees) Lindl., shoot tip-derived transverse thin cell layers induced by 24-epi Brassinolide. International Journal of Plant Developmental Biology. 2009; 3(1): 47-51.
117. Malabadi RB, Teixeira da Silva JA, Mulgund GS. TDZ ¬induced in vitro shoot regeneration of Aerides maculosum Lindl., from shoot tip thin cell layers. Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology. 2009; 3(1): 35-39.
118. Malabadi RB, Teixeira da Silva JA, Mulgund GS. Micropropagation of Eria dalzelli (Dalz.) Lindl. through TCL in vitro culture. Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology. 2008; 2(2):77-80.
119. Malabadi RB, Teixeira da Silva JA, Nataraja K, Mulgund GS. Shoot tip transverse thin cell layers and 24-epibrassinolide in the micropropagation of Cymbidium bicolor Lindl. Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology. 2008; 2(2): 44-48.
120. Malabadi RB, Parashar A, Ganguly A, Mavanur SR. Expression of Dengue virus envelope protein in a different plant system. Faculty Research and Development day, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada, 19th November 2010. Abstract No-69, page no-31. (Poster presentation).
121. Malabadi RB, Chalannavar RK, Meti NT, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S, Narayanaswamy VK, Odhav B. Detection of Glutathione S-Transferase gene (GST2 and GST3) during induction of somatic embryogenesis in grape. Research in Biotechnology. 2013; 4(1):01-11.
122. Malabadi RB, Mulgund GS, Vijaykumar S. Expression of WUSCHEL-gene promoting somatic embryogenesis in plants. Journal of Phytological Research. 2009; 22 (1): 103-106.
123. Malabadi RB, Teixeira da Silva JA, Nataraja K. Stable and consistent Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation in Pinus roxburghi (Chir Pine). Tree and Forestry Science and Biotechnology. 2008; 2(1):7-13.
124. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Alkaloid biosynthesis influenced by Agrobacterium- rhizogenesis mediated genetic transformation and bioreactor in Clitoria ternatea (Linn.). Plant Cell Biotechnology and Molecular Biology. 2003; 4: 169-178.
125. Malabadi RB, Mulgund GS, Vijaykmar S. Tree biotechnology: Recent updates on genetic transformation of conifers. Journal of Phytological Research. 2009; 22 (2):177-181.
126. Malabadi RB. Production of edible vaccines for oral immunization in transgenic plants: Current and future prospective. Journal of Phytological Research. 2008; 21(1):1-10.
127. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. A biolistic approach for the production of transgenic plants using embryogenic tissue in Pinus kesiya Royle Ex. Gord (Khasi pine). Biotechnology. 2007; 6(1): 87-93.
128. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Genetic transformation of Vanilla planifolia by Agrobacterium tumefaciens using shoot tip sections. Research Journal of Botany. 2007; 2(2): 86-94.
129. Malabadi RB, Vijaykmar S. Role of transgenic plants in phytoremediation: Applications, present status and future prospectives. Journal of Phytological Research. 2009; 22 (1):1-12.
130. Malabadi RB. Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of Vigna unguiculata. Journal of Phytological Research. 2006; 19 (1): 1-4.
131. Malabadi RB, Teixeira da Silva JA, Nataraja K. Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of Pinus kesiya Royle ex Gord (Khasi Pine). The Asian and Australasian Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnolog. 2008; 2(1): 7-14
132. Malabadi RB Teixeira da Silva JA, Nataraja K. Green fluorescent protein in the genetic transformation of plants. Transgenic Plant Journal. 2008; 2(2):86-109.
133. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Genetic transformation of conifers: Applications in and impacts on commercial forestry. Transgenic Plant Journal. 2007; 1(2): 289-313.
134. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Stable transformation and recovery of transgenic plants by particle bombardment in Pinus wallichiana A. B. Jacks (Himalayan blue pine). Biotechnology. 2007; 6(1): 105-111.
135. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K.Production of transgenic plants via Agrobacterium- tumefaciens mediated genetic transformation in Pinus wallichiana (Himalayan blue pine). Transgenic Plant Journal. 2007;1(2): 376- 383.
136. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Isolation of cDNA clones of genes differentially expressed during somatic embryogenesis of Pinus roxburghii. American Journal of Plant Physiology. 2007; 2(6):333-343.
137. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Gene transfer by particle bombardment of embryogenic tissue derived from the shoot apices of mature trees of Pinus roxburghii (Chir pine). American Journal of Plant Physiology. 2007; 2(2):90-98.
138. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated genetic transformation in Vigna aconitifolia and stable transmission of genes to somatic seedlings. International Journal of Agricultural Research. 2007; 2(5): 450- 458.
139. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. RAPD detect no somaclonal variation in cryopreserved cultures of Pinus roxburghii. SARG. Propagation of Ornamental Plants. 2006; 6(3): 114-120.
140. Malabadi RB, Teixeira da Silva JA, Mulgund GS. Smoke-saturated water influences in vitro seed germination of Vanda parviflora Lindl. Seed Science and Biotechnology. 2008; 2(2):65-69.
141. Malabadi RB, Hills PN, van Staden J. RAPD assessment of clonal identity of somatic seedlings derived from vegetative shoot apices of mature Pinus patula trees. South African Journal of Botany. 2006; 72:181-183.
142. Malabadi RB, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K. Micropropagation of Dendrobium nobile from shoot tip sections. Journal of Plant Physiology. 2005; 162 (4) 473-478.
143. Malabadi RB, Van Staden J. Role of antioxidants and amino acids on somatic embryogenesis of Pinus patula. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology-Plant. 2005; 41 (2):181-186.
144. Malabadi RB, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K. Effect of triacontanol on the micropropagation of Costus speciosus (Koen.) Sm. Using rhizome thin sections. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology-Plant. 2005; 41 (2): 129-132.
145. Malabadi RB In vitro plant regeneration of Cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Using distal half of cotyledon. Journal of Phytological Research. 2005; 18 (1):71-75.
146. Malabadi RB, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K. Efficient regeneration of Vanda coerulea, an endangered orchid using thidiazuron. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture. 2004; 76: 289-293.
147. Malabadi RB, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K. Thidiazuron induced shoot regeneration of Costus speciosus (Koen.) Sm using thin rhizome sections. South African Journal of Botany. 2004; 70(2):255-258.
148. Malabadi RB, van Staden J Regeneration of Ornithogalum in vitro. South African Journal of Botany. 2004; 70 (4):618-621.
149. Malabadi RB. Histological changes associated with shoot regeneration in the leaf explants of Clitoria ternatea (Linn) cultured in vitro. Journal of Phytological Research. 2002; 15(2):169-172.
150. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Shoot regeneration in leaf explants of Clitoria ternatea L. cultured in vitro. Phytomorphology. 2001; 51 (2):169-171.
151. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Peroxidase activity as a marker of xylogenesis in the cultured cells of Guava (Psidium guajava L.). Indian Journal of Forestry. 2002; 25(2): 196-200.
152. Malabadi RB. In vitro propagation of spiral ginger (Costus speciosus) (Koen.) Sm. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant breeding. 2002; 62(3): 277-278.
153. Malabadi RB. Plant regeneration from in vitro cultured leaf in mothbean. Journal of Phytological Research. 2002; 15(2): 137-140.
154. Malabadi RB, Van Staden J Plant regeneration from in vitro cultured cotyledon in Clitoria ternatea (Linn.). Abstract and Poster presented in the Global Summit on Medicinal Plants, Mauritius Island, 25-30th September 2003; Page 117 (Abstract).
155. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. In vitro plant regeneration in Clitoria ternatea. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. 2002; 24: 733-737.
156. Malabadi RB, Nataraja K. Brassinosteroids influences in vitro regeneration of Cymbidium elegans, Lindl, an endangered orchid using shoot tip sections. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 2007; 6 (2):308-313.
157. Rahmawati M, Mahfud C, Risuleo G, Jadid N. Nanotechnology in Plant Metabolite Improvement and in Animal Welfare. Applied Sciences. 2022; 12(2). 838.
158. Nityasree BR, Chalannavar RK, Kouser S, Divakar MS, Gani RS, Sowmyashree K, Malabadi RB. Bioinspired synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles by using leaf extract of Solanum lycopersicum L. for larvicidal activity of Aedes aegypti L. Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. 2021; 12(1):1-8. (https://doi.org/10.1088/2043-6262/abeaae).
159. Malabadi RB, Chalannavar RK, Meti NT, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S. Synthesis of antimicrobial silver nanoparticles by callus cultures and in vitro derived plants of Catharanthus roseus. Research in Pharmacy. 2012; 2(6):18- 31.
160. Malabadi RB, Meti NT, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S. Synthesis of silver nanoparticles from in vitro derived plants and callus cultures of Costus speciosus (Koen.): Assessment of antibacterial activity. Research in Plant Biology. 2012; 2(4): 32-42.
161. Malabadi RB, Lokare-Naik S, Meti NT, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S. Synthesis of silver nanoparticles from in vitro derived plants and callus cultures of Clitoria ternatea; Evaluation of antimicrobial activity. Research in Biotechnology. 2012; 3(5): 26-38
162. Malabadi RB, Mulgund GS, Meti NT, Nataraja K, Vijayakumar S. Antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles synthesized from whole plant extracts of Clitoria ternatea. Research in Pharmacy. 2012; (4):11-21.
163. Chandra S, Lata H, Mehmedic Z, Khan IA, ElSohly MA. Assessment of cannabinoids content in micropropagated plants of Cannabis sativa L., and their comparison with conventionally propagated plants and mother plant during developmental stages of growth. Planta Med. 2010; 76: 743–750.
164. Lata H, Chandra S, Khan IA, ElSohly MA. Thidiazuron induced high frequency direct shoot organogenesis of Cannabis sativa L. In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol.- Plant. 2009a; 45: 12–19.
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166. Lata H, Chandra S, Khan IA, ElSohly MA. High frequency plant regeneration from leaf derived callus of high D9- tetrahydrocannabinol yielding Cannabis sativa L. Planta Med. 2010; 76: 1629–1633.
167. Lata H, Chandra S, Techen N, Khan IA, ElSohly MA. In vitro mass propagation of Cannabis sativa: A protocol refinement using novel aromatic cytokinin meta-topolin and the assessment of eco-physiological, biochemical and genetic fidelity of micropropagated plants. J. Appl. Res. Med. Aromat. Plants. 2016; 3: 18–26.
168. Chandra S, Lata H, ElSohly MA. Propagation of Cannabis for Clinical Research: An Approach Towards a Modern Herbal Medicinal Products Development. Front. Plant Sci. 2020; 11:958.
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Ravindra B. Malabadi, Nethravathi TL, Kiran P. Kolkar, Raju K. Chalannavar, Bhagyavana S. Mudigoudra, Lavanya L, Gholamreza Abdi, Himansu Baijnath “Cannabis sativa: Applications of Artificial Intelligence AI and Plant Tissue Culture for Micropropagation ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.117-142 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8614

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Carbon Stock Sequestration in the Mangrove Forest of Barangay Camudmud MPA, Island Garden City of Samal, Davao Del Norte

Jenelyn R. Agua & Hilario L. Wong, Jr. June 2023 Page No.: 143-155

The study mainly determined the potential of Barangay Camudmud mangrove forest to sequester carbon dioxide. Five sampling plots were established using the transect line in the study area parallel to the shore. Every sampling plot measured 20 m x 20 m, spaced at 20-m intervals, and covered 2,000 m2. Two true mangrove species were found, namely: Rhizophora stylosa (bakhaw bato) and Sonneratia alba (pagatpat). R. stylosa was more abundant on the site and had a higher value of relative density, frequency, dominance, and importance value index compared to S. alba. Moreover, species diversity in the study area, including the saplings, was low (0.094). Furthermore, based on allometric equations computation for aboveground biomass and belowground organic carbon, R. stylosa sequestered 5.621 Mg ha and 12.528 Mg ha for S. alba. Generally, Barangay Camudmud Marine Protected Area (MPA) mangrove forest had the potential to sequester carbon with a total of 18.149 Mg ha. Although R. stylosa dominated the study area, it sequestered less atmospheric carbon than S. alba. On the other hand, S. alba sequestered more carbon and was less dominant in the area. As a result, the value of r in the Pearson Correlation Coeffi- cient was computed as -0.1717 and was interpreted as a negative correlation that exhibited an inversely proportional relationship between Importance Value Index (IVI) and total carbon sequestration values.

Page(s): 143-155                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8615

 Jenelyn R. Agua
Biology Program, Math and Science Department, College of Arts and Sciences Education, DPT Building, University of Mindanao, Matina, Davao City, Philippines

 Hilario L. Wong, Jr.
Biology Program, Natural Sciences Department, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Southeastern Philippines, Bo. Obrero, Davao City, Philippines

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45. Pillai, N. & Harilal, C.C. (2016). Surveillance of the Tolerance Limit of Sonneratia alba Sm. to certain Hydrogeochemical Parameters from Heterogenous Natural Habitats of Kerala, South India. International Research Journal of Biological Sciences 5(12), 28-37. ISSN 2278-3202
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51. Macías, C.A.S., Alegre-Orihuela, J.C., & Abad, S.I. (2017). Estimation of above-ground live biomass and carbon stocks in different plant formations and in the soil of dry forests of the Ecuadorian coast. Food and Energy Security 6(4), 1-7. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1002/fes- 3.115
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Jenelyn R. Agua & Hilario L. Wong, Jr. “Carbon Stock Sequestration in the Mangrove Forest of Barangay Camudmud MPA, Island Garden City of Samal, Davao Del Norte ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.143-155 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8615

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Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic and VLF Data with An Application to Modeling of Basement Structures: A Case Study Within, Ibadan Area, Southwestern Nigeria

Abdulbariu Ibrahim, Baba Aminu Mu’awiya, Achonwa Kingsley Okechukwu – June 2023 Page No.: 156-175

The study area, the church camp is within Ibadan which fall within southwestern basement complex of Nigeria and it is mainly by migmatite-gneiss. The hard rocks are usually characterized by basement fracture which may serve as a conduit for groundwater passage. This has necessitated detail geological and geophysical investigation to accurately and precisely delineate this structure. Geological mapping alongside very low frequency Electromagnetic (VLF-EM) techniques were adopted in which conductivity data were acquired along Fifteen (15) VLF profiles using ABEM WADI. Thirteen (13) of these profiles were in the East-West (E-W) direction which is the dip direction of the structural elements, while the remaining two profiles were in North-South (N-S) direction. The data obtained from the field were processed, filtered and presented inform of profiles and Karous-Hjelt (K-H) filtered pseudo-section to visualise conductivity in (2-D). Pockets of conductive structures were delineated and were interpreted as fractures of various dimension and orientation. Some are single fracture and others are closely-spaced double fractures which some of them joined or fused together at depth with some suspected to contain water while some are dry base on their conductivity/resistivity signature exhibited. In conclusion, VLF-EM has proven to possess the capability to characterize and model the basement fractures and define their dimension, axial orientation and indicates their parallelism which also signifies their origin as regard stress regime that produces the fracture.

Page(s): 156-175                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8616

 Abdulbariu Ibrahim
Department of Geology, Federal University Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria.

 Baba Aminu Mu’awiya
Department of Geology, Federal University Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria.

 Achonwa Kingsley Okechukwu
Department of Chemical/Petrochemical Engineering, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt

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16. Iserhien – Emekeme, R. E., E. A. Atakpo, O. L. Emekeme and O. Anomohanran, (2004). Geoelectric Survey for Groundwater in Agbede Etsako West L.G.A., Edo State. Advanced National Applied Science Resource 2: 65-72.
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Abdulbariu Ibrahim, Baba Aminu Mu’awiya, Achonwa Kingsley Okechukwu “Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic and VLF Data with An Application to Modeling of Basement Structures: A Case Study Within, Ibadan Area, Southwestern Nigeria ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.156-175 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8616

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Textural and Depositional Environment Analyses of Maastrichtian Ajali Sandstone Outcrops at Igbere-Abiriba Area Afikpo Basin South Eastern Nigeria

Ogbonna T.L, Ikoro D.O, Agbodike I.C, Chineke T.C, Nwugo C.J June 2023 Page No.: 176-185

The study presents the Textural characteristics of the Ajali sandstone at Igbere-Abiriba area in Afikpo basin, southeastern Nigeria. The intent is to highlight possible constraints of the environment of deposition of the source material on one hand and to infer the provenance on the other hand. The investigation approach includes field studies involving grain size analysis. Field studies shows that the Ajali Sandstone is friable at all location and range in colour from white in freshly cut stone, to reddish brown on weathering. In addition, the Ajali Sandstone units are cross-bedded and show graded bedding, exemplified by fining upward sequence. Textural examination indicates that the sandstone ranges from fine to medium grain and few coarse grain sizes constituting about 76-99% sand fraction, with graphic mean grain size of 0.93-2.60. Standard deviation (sorting) ranges from 0.71-1.48 and implies poor – moderately sorted sediments, also symmetrical, mesokurtic to leptokurtic were observed in skewness and kurtosis. Bivariate plot from the grain size parameter combination gives a more satisfactory approach toward predicting the sedimentary environment. General studies inferred from the Textural index, the depo-environmental description of the Ajali Sandstone revealed a Fluvial-river system-dominated sedimentary process.

Page(s): 176-185                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8617

 Ogbonna T.L
Department of Physics, Imo State University Owerri, Nigeria

 Ikoro D.O
Department of Geology, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria

 Agbodike I.C
Department of Physics, Imo State University Owerri, Nigeria

 Chineke T.C
Department of Physics, Imo State University Owerri, Nigeria

 Nwugo C.J
Department of Physics, Imo State University Owerri, Nigeria

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Ogbonna T.L, Ikoro D.O, Agbodike I.C, Chineke T.C, Nwugo C.J “Textural and Depositional Environment Analyses of Maastrichtian Ajali Sandstone Outcrops at Igbere-Abiriba Area Afikpo Basin South Eastern Nigeria ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.176-185 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8617

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Development of Low-Cost Non-Contacting Thickness of Material Measurement Instrument

M. O. Osinowo – June 2023 Page No.: 186-190

The goal of the research was to develop a low-cost, non-contact tool for determining material thickness. The non-contacting thickness is made up of the time-of-flight (ToF) distance sensor, liquid crystal display, and microprocessor. The substance being tested is placed in a rectangular wooden frame, with the ToF distance sensor positioned beneath the upward end of the rectangular frame. The sensor has a dimension of 400 mm range and a resolution of 1 mm. when the device is tested with various materials thickness value is equal to value obtained when used with high accurate precision Vanier caliper. The SD determined is 0.67 is very low that indicate that value tends close to true value.

Page(s): 186-190                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8618

 M. O. Osinowo
Department of Physical Sciences, Redeemer’s University, Ede, Nigeria

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M. O. Osinowo “Development of Low-Cost Non-Contacting Thickness of Material Measurement Instrument ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.186-190 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8618

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A Semantic Analysis of Leader: Understanding the Meaning and Significance

Jayantha Kalansooriya, Deepika S. Wehigaldeniya – June 2023 Page No.: 191-197

This research paper explores the concept of ‘leader’ from the perspective of Eastern wisdom and the ancient Buddhist concept of Nirukti. Through a comprehensive literature review, the study highlights the marginalization of Eastern knowledge frameworks in the understanding of leadership and advocates for a reframing of this concept. By delving into the deeper insights offered by Nirukti, the research uncovers a profound understanding of what it truly means to be a leader. The findings reveal that a leader is not merely someone who possesses authority or control, but rather someone who embodies the benefits and techniques associated with considered leadership. This paper argues for a paradigm shift in leadership and proposes practical and measurable solutions to help individuals cultivate these qualities and become effective and enlightened leaders in contemporary contexts. By embracing Eastern wisdom, we can enrich our comprehension of leadership, leading to positive transformations in organizations and society.

Page(s): 191-197                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8619

 Jayantha Kalansooriya
Department of Sport Science and Physical Education, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka

 Deepika S. Wehigaldeniya
Department of Sport Science and Physical Education, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka

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Jayantha Kalansooriya, Deepika S. Wehigaldeniya “A Semantic Analysis of Leader: Understanding the Meaning and Significance ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.191-197 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8619

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Simple Regression Modeling on the Number of Fronds Increases with Age on Oil Palm Seedling’s Growth

Sumaryanto, Mirwan Ushada, Endy Suwondo – June 2023 Page No.: 198-202

The productivity of oil palm crops is a crucial factor in the current oil palm plantation industry, considering the prevalent issues and criticisms about the environmental impact of land clearing for oil palm plantations. Given that the productivity of oil palm crops is determined by their quality and growth rate, it is important to study the speed and quality of oil palm crop growth during the early stages, namely seedling growth, where the number of fronds can be measured. This research aims to analyse the number of seedling fronds growing during their 9-month growth period since being transferred from the pre-nursery to the main nursery plantation. The fronds growth observation results of 300 seedlings over nine months are evaluated using the distribution analysis each month, and the growth model in the form of a linear equation is developed using a statistical linear regression method. The correlation coefficients indicate a reasonably significant increase in the number of fronds as the age of the seedlings, with R values = 0.6728, R = 0.8346, and R = 0.9489 for the minimum, the maximum and average number of fronds, respectively. It is concluded that the growth of the number of oil palm fronds can be easily simulated using the developed regression model.

Page(s): 198-202                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8620

 Sumaryanto
Department Agro-Industrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Gadjah Mada University. Jl. Flora No.1 Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
Indonesian Oil Palm Research Institute, Jln. BrigjenKatamso, No. 51 Medan 20158, Indonesia

  Mirwan Ushada
Department Agro-Industrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Gadjah Mada University. Jl. Flora No.1 Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia

 Endy Suwondo
Department Agro-Industrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Gadjah Mada University. Jl. Flora No.1 Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia

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Sumaryanto, Mirwan Ushada, Endy Suwondo “Simple Regression Modeling on the Number of Fronds Increases with Age on Oil Palm Seedling’s Growth ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.198-202 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8620

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Modelling Daily COVID-19 Cases in Kenya Using ARIMA Model

Caroline M. Kamotho, Josephine N. Ngure, Margaret W. Kinyua – June 2023 Page No.: 203-211

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome is the primary cause of the current pandemic coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The first case was reported in Wuhan, China, on December 30th, 2019 with the first case on 13thMarch, 2020 in Kenya. This contagious disease has become a global issue because it has resulted in millions of deaths, economic disruption leading to loss of employment and economic instability. Researchers have fitted time series models but using a short data length and without a transition. There was therefore a need to model a longer data period of daily COVID-19 cases with a transition in Kenya using theAutoregressiveIntegrated Moving Average (ARIMA) model and forecast. Secondary data from the World Health Organization from 13thMarch, 2020 to 30thApril, 2023 was analyzed using R software. The data was found to be non-stationary using the Augmented Dickey Fuller test and regular differencing was done to make it stationary. The Box-Jenkins methodology was used to fit the model of the data and afterwards forecasting was done. The ARIMA (3,1,2) was selected as the best model since it had the least Akaike Information Criterion and Bayesian Information Criterion among the possible models. Model validation using test data was done by comparing the MAE, and RMSE of the model’s forecasts and it was the best amongst the possible models with MAE = 2.77 and RMSE =2.88. The model was fitted to the daily COVID-19 data and forecasting was then done for ninety days into the future.

Page(s): 203-211                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8621

 Caroline M. Kamotho
Department of Pure and Applied Sciences, Kirinyaga University, P.O. Box 143-10300, Kerugoya (Kenya)

 Josephine N. Ngure
Department of Pure and Applied Sciences, Kirinyaga University, P.O. Box 143-10300, Kerugoya (Kenya)

 Margaret W. Kinyua
Department of Mathematics Statistics and Actuarial Science,Karatina University, P.O. Box 1957-10101, Karatina (Kenya)

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Caroline M. Kamotho, Josephine N. Ngure, Margaret W. Kinyua “Modelling Daily COVID-19 Cases in Kenya Using ARIMA Model ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.203-211 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8621

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Lymphatic Filariasis: Insightful Review of a Neglected Tropical Disease

John Nartey Kanamitie – June 2023 Page No.: 212-226

Lymphatic filariasis (LF), a neglected tropical disease has currently infected at least 51 million individuals globally, disfigured and incapacitated about 36 million and placed over 882 million people at risk of infection. It is a painful and profoundly disfiguring disease that can lead to permanent disability. Victims of the disease do not only manifest physical disability, but suffer psychological, social and financial losses leading to stigmatisation and poverty. Regardless of the fact that LF has burdened the majority of individuals in endemic regions for many years, evidence shows that the disease has been poorly understood and its medical importance underestimated. For the past two decades or so, since the launching of the Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) by World Health Organization (WHO), there has been an avalanche of research works on the disease. This paper aims to provide a systematic and insightful review of the disease. The paper therefore provides a comprehensive outline of the global burden and distribution of LF, causative agents of human filariasis, life cycle of the parasite, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and control of LF.

Page(s): 212-226                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8622

 John Nartey Kanamitie
Department of Science, SDA College of Education, Koforidua, Ghana.

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John Nartey Kanamitie “Lymphatic Filariasis: Insightful Review of a Neglected Tropical Disease ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.212-226 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8622

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Numerical Study of Prandtl Number Disparity on Fluid Flow Through a Heated Pipe

Stephen I. Okeke, Chukwuka G. Ifeoma – June 2023 Page No.: 227-236

This paper examined the phenomenon known as Prandtl Number disparity numerically on fluid flow through a heated pipe using a statistical technique. Prandtl Number disparity is an observed difference in the Prandtl Number of a fluid when passing through a variety of shapes as a pipe or tube. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, version 20) tool simulated the data precisions by investigating the regression model for the Prandtl Number. The R values showed the relationship between the observed values and the predicted values while the R2 values indicated how much of the total disparities in the thermal conductivity, specific heat capacity, viscosity, density and Prandtl Number were described by the temperature. For the quadratics case; the R2 values were found to be: 99.8%, 99.5%, 92.1%, 100% and 90.4 % respectively. The quadratic Prandtl Number model was approximated to be Pr(T,ϵ)=0.083+4.636E-007T^2+ϵ for the bound |Pr(T,ϵ)-Pr(T)|≤M. Various plots were shown for the observed data, linearity, quadratics and interpolation lines. The significance column in the ANOVA table indicated that the regression model predicted the dependent variable significantly well. In each case, p Page(s): 227-236                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8623

 Stephen I. Okeke
Department of Mathematics/Statistics, David Umahi Federal University of Health Sciences, Uburu, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

 Chukwuka G. Ifeoma
Department of Mathematics/Statistics, Federal Polytechnic of Oil and Gas, Bonny Island, Nigeria

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Stephen I. Okeke, Chukwuka G. Ifeoma “Numerical Study of Prandtl Number Disparity on Fluid Flow Through a Heated Pipe ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.227-236 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8623

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Religion and Value Education: Examining Variations and Convergences for Curriculum Implications

Olufowobi, Oludare Okikiola, Quadri, Y. Ayodele – June 2023 Page No.: 237-242

Religion has been variously assumed as an effective tool of values education as religion is conceived as superior source of values rather than that of social criterion and self. This paper examines the correctness of this assumption in the light of the values that religion portrays and in terms of its features, worldviews and its absolutism. Could it be an effective medium in a multi-cultural, plural and mono-cultural social milieu? These were interrogated using the philosophical tools of speculation, analysis and prescription. This paper concludes that religion tends to stand in contra in providing the basis for effective and relevant values education which by its nature encourages critical, rational and reflective choice in values decisions in societies that are dynamic due to its conflicting and absolutist approaches. Rather, religion, it is suggested, could be taught as comparative study for ease of better societal engagements. It is recommended that value education should be based on social criterion and critical reasoning

Page(s): 237-242                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 23 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8624

 Olufowobi, Oludare Okikiola
Department of Educational Foundations and Counselling Psychology, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos State, Nigeria

 Quadri, Y. Ayodele
Department of Educational Foundations and Counselling Psychology, Faculty of Education, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos State, Nigeria

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Olufowobi, Oludare Okikiola, Quadri, Y. Ayodele “Religion and Value Education: Examining Variations and Convergences for Curriculum Implications ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.237-242 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8624

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Synthesis, Characterization of Bio-based Polyol and Assess the Effectiveness of Bio-based Polyurethane Direct-to-metal Coating System

S. Sameera D. Mendis June 2023 Page No.: 243-255

Crude oil is neither a long-lasting energy source nor a raw material source, has a high consumption rate relative to a low regeneration rate and creates massive environmental disorders. Polyurethane is well known and is the most popular film forming material in the coating industry because of its better performance. A coconut oil-based polyol (biobased polyol) was synthesized and acid value, viscosity, reaction water release, oil length, FTIR spectrum, differential scanning calorimetry and colourimetric index were assessed during the synthesis. A series of pigmented wet paint samples were prepared by bio-based polyol and the optimum paint sample was selected among them based on drying time, pencil hardness, dry film thickness, cross hatch test and cylindrical mandrel blending. Two wet PU paint samples, representing commercially available crude oil-based polyols, were prepared to compare in the same aspects with a PU paint sample made with a bio-based polyol (BBP).
According to the results, it was proven that bio-based PU paint showed equal magnitudes in film flexibility due to the cylindrical mandrel bending test, film hardness due to the pencil hardness test, substrate adhesion due to the crosshatch test and impact resistance. In some properties, bio-based PU exceeded at least one crude oil-based PU such as gloss, hard drying time and density. Meanwhile, bio-based PU systems must be improved in viscosity and water resistance to compete with artificial PU systems.

Page(s): 243-255                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 23 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8625

 S. Sameera D. Mendis
Paints and General Industries Limited-Manufacturer of AkzoNobel Paints, Sri Lanka.

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S. Sameera D. Mendis “Synthesis, Characterization of Bio-based Polyol and Assess the Effectiveness of Bio-based Polyurethane Direct-to-metal Coating System ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.243-255 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8625

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Bacterial Pathogens Isolated from Surgical Wound and Their Antimicrobial Resistance Pattern in A Government Hospital in Anambra, Nigeria

F.O. Nwajiobi, C.O. Anyamene and C.U. Ezebialu – June 2023 Page No.: 256-263

Surgical wound infections are among the most common healthcare-associated infections as complications associated with them can have a significant long-term effect on the morbidity, mortality, and quality of life for patients. Knowledge on local pathogens and sensitivity to antimicrobial agents are crucial for successful treatment and management of surgical wound infection. This study evaluates the bacterial pathogens present in infected surgical wounds and their antimicrobial susceptibility profile. A total of 200 wound swabs from 112 males and 88 female patients of ages from 10 – 70 years with surgical wound infection were collected using clean, sterile swabs and analyzed using standard microbiological methods. Antibiotic disk diffusion method was used to determine the antibiotic resistance profile. Result showed that 142(71%) wound specimens were culture positive while 58(29%) showed no growth on culture media. Majority of the culture positive wounds (90.1%) showed single bacterial growth while the remaining (9.9%) revealed poly-microbial growth. The isolates were found to belong to both Gram-positive 53(37.3%) and Gram-negative 89(62.7%) bacteria. The most predominant isolate from the infected surgical wound was Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus 53 (37.3%), followed by Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa 45(31.7%), Escherichia coli 32 (22.5%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae 12 (8.5%). The result of their antibiotic sensitivity test showed that majority of the wound isolates were highly resistant to ampicillin 126(88.7 %), followed by erythromycin 114(80.3%), gentamicin 109(76.7%) and trimetoprim-sulphametoxazole 103(72.5%). The overall findings on antimicrobial profile revealed high level of antimicrobial resistance from microorganisms isolated from surgical wound infections to commonly prescribed antibiotics. Therefore, there is a need for adequate intervention to control the spread of antimicrobial resistance.

Page(s): 256-263                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 July 2023

DOI: 10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8626

 F.O. Nwajiobi
Department of Applied Microbiology and Brewing, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria

 C.O. Anyamene
Department of Applied Microbiology and Brewing, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria

 C.U. Ezebialu
Department of Applied Microbiology and Brewing, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria

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F.O. Nwajiobi, C.O. Anyamene and C.U. Ezebialu “Bacterial Pathogens Isolated from Surgical Wound and Their Antimicrobial Resistance Pattern in A Government Hospital in Anambra, Nigeria ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) volume-8-issue-6, pp.256-263 June 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8626

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