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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume VI, Issue VIII, August 2022 | ISSN 2454–6186

A Path Analysis of the Relationships among Parenting Styles, Emotional Intelligence and Resilience

Mary Rachelle Reyes-Wapano
Associate Professor, Associate Dean, Office Graduate Studies
Xavier University Ateneo Cagayan, Philippines

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: This study examined the relationships between perceived parenting styles, emotional intelligence, and resilience in adolescents. The hypothesized predictive correlations among variables were investigated using path analysis, a multiple regression technique. Direct and indirect effects of perceived parenting styles, emotional intelligence, and resilience were found in causal evaluations. This study has shown that parenting is important for the development of emotional intelligence, and that emotional intelligence predicts adolescent resilience. The data also supported the idea that emotionally intelligent people are more likely to adapt to new situations and demonstrating emotional intelligence’s adaptive value.

Keywords: parenting styles, emotional intelligence, resilience, mastery


Adolescents have significant obstacles in their emotional development. Their still-developing sense of self and emotional competence correspond to times when they are faced with academic stress (Yan, Wei, Mao Lin, Kul-Su, & Liu, 2018) and familial obligations (Wilkinson-Lee, Zhang, Nuno, Wilhelm, 2011) and a strong desire to fit in with their peers. The consequences of emotional deficit in adolescents are concerning, including increased depression and anxiety (Fernández-Berrocal, Alcaide, Extremera, & Pizarro, 2010). The current Emotional Intelligence research focuses on the creation of models and measures for management success in adult respondents.
Emotional intelligence has been shown to be related to various aspects of mental health. Emotional intelligence is a term rooted in Thorndike’s 1937 social intelligence, which refers to one’s ability to understand and deal with others, as well as participate in meaningful, adaptive connection with others (Thorndike, 1920, as referenced in Zeidner et al., 2007). This is regarded to be the individual’s ability to process and use emotional information in critical areas of everyday functioning (Mayer & Salovey, 2004). 1997).