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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume VI, Issue VII, July 2022 | ISSN 2454–6186

Evaluation of environmental factors affecting student stress in educational spaces based on Shannon entropy

Malihe Taghipour1*, Fatemeh Imani2
1Associate professor, department of Interior design, Oman college of technology and management, Oman.
2Phd in Architecture, Department of Architecture, Art and Architecture Faculty, Shiraz branch, Islamic Azad university,
shiraz, Iran.
*Corresponding author

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Abstract: Stress is one of the important issues in modern societies and in fact an inevitable part of people’s lives. Educational environment are among the environments where people experience stress. Therefore, identification and extraction of environmental stressors to reduce them and increase spatial relaxation is the main objective of the present study. In this research, survey methodology and Delphi technique have been used to answer the research questions. This study has focused on the attitude of experts and professors in the fields of psychology, psychiatry, and architecture. In this regard, library resources were first studied and reviewed, and then open-ended interviews were conducted with twelve psychiatrists, psychologists, and professors in these areas in Shiraz, Iran. Then, Shannon’s content analysis method was used to analyze the information and extract the effective components of stress in educational environment according to the weight coefficients for their importance and acceptability. In the next step, the grouping of the contributing factors into four distinct categories was done by five professors in the field of architecture. The results indicate that independent variables have different degrees of impact on the dependent variable. Noise and inappropriate lighting were identified as the most important environmental components increasing the stress level. Congestion was determined as the most important psycho-social variable while inadequate availability of space and colors were suggested as significant physical and spatial components of stress. The conclusion of this study is some design strategies that are suggested to help in reducing stressors such as educational space location, arrangement, neighboring, shape, noise, heating, and cooling, ….

Keywords: Stress, Educational Environment, Shannon Entropy, noise, lighting.


Architecture is an interdisciplinary field that benefits from findings in social sciences. Therefore, in creating an architectural work, it is important to have a proper understanding of the users and their needs (1), which enables the designer in gaining a better and deeper understanding of the subject. Designing an efficient and valuable architectural work can be the result of such an understanding (2).
Physical environment has always been an interesting subject for psychologists and sometimes it is compared to a vessel in which human interactions take place (3). It can facilitate the