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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) |Volume VI, Issue XII, December 2022|ISSN 2454-6186

Factors Contributing to Suicidal Behaviours among the Youths in Nyandarua Central in Nyandarua County, Kenya

Jane Wambui Macharia1, Wambua Pius Muasa (PhD)2
1Chemchemi Ya Uzima Institute, Karen, Nairobi, Kenya
2Institute of Youth Studies, School of Arts and Social Sciences, Tangaza University College, Catholic University of Eastern Africa, Kenya.

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: Globally, suicide has been identified by Word Heath Organization as the third leading causes of death among young people. Despite of increase of suicide among youths in Nyandarua, there is lack of studies to uncover the factors leading to suicide and therefore, the current study had the following objectives: To explore the family risk factors that dispose the youth to suicidal behaviours in Nyandarua Central Kenya; to examine the knowledge parents have on the youth suicidal behaviours of Nyandarua Central Kenya and to explore strategies that can be used by youth stakeholders to prevent suicidal behaviours among youths in Nyandarua central Kenya. The study employed exploratory research design. The study population were youths and stakeholders who included parents, teachers, nurses, chief and Church ministers. Through purposive sampling 16 participants were selected to participate in the study. The study employed Interview Guide to collect data. Thematic analysis was utilized for data analysis. The risk factors to suicidal behaviour among youths in Nyandarua were dysfunctional families; financial constraints; inappropriate use of social media; domestic abuse; and drug abuse. The parents had knowledge on indicators of suicide among youth including withdraw and loneliness; poor grooming; absenteeism from school; threatening of committing suicide; and poor relationship with the parents. The findings strategies to prevent suicidal behaviour among youths in Nyandarua were: Guidance and counselling; sensitization through workshops and seminars; support groups; and engaging youths in sports. Based on the findings, the study recommends stakeholders to work in collaboration towards helping youths to cope better with challenges of life.

I. INTRODUCTION

Globally, suicide has been identified by Word Heath Organization (2018) as the third leading causes of death among young people. The United International Children Educational Fund (UNICEF) (2017), reported that New Zealand has one of the World’s suicidal cases caused by bulling in schools, family issues and stress. The age affected more is between 15 – 30 years of age. Joiner (2010) observed that suicide attempts describe completed suicides in their life in future and therefore, any attempts should be taken seriously. UNICEF also reported (2012), there are high suicide cases due to conflict between the children and their parents who have high expectation of academic achievements. Those who fail to achieve high academic levels are likely to be frustrated leading to committing suicide.