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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) |Volume X, Issue I, January 2023|ISSN 2321-2705

The Effect of Organizational Health and Safety Practices on Employee Job Performance of Non –Managerial Employees in Apparel Industry (With special reference to Kegalle District of Sri Lanka)

PKS Pathirana, PGRB Chandrasekara
Department of Business Management, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: The goal of this study was to look into the effect of health and safety practices on nonmanagerial employee job performance in the apparel industry. (With special relevance to the Kegalle District) The independent variables were occupational health and safety practices such as management of occupational hazards, safety training, hazards information system, and personal protective equipment. The dependent variable was considered to be employee job performance.
The study’s sample consisted of two garments (MAS Holdings (PVT) LTD and Brandix Apparel Solutions Limited). Following that, proportionate stratified sampling was used to select 225 non-managerial employees from among these garments. Non-managerial employees were polled using a questionnaire. The interval measurement scale was used for both the independent and dependent variables. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0 was used to analyze the data. For univariate analysis, mean and standard deviation were used for all variables, while correlation coefficient and regression analysis were used for bivariate analysis.
A positive relationship was discovered between Management of occupational hazard and employee job performance. There was a link between safety training and non-management employees’ job performance. Hazards information system was also found to be positively correlated with employees’ job performance.

Key words: Employee Job Performance, management of occupational hazards, safety training, hazards information system, personal protective equipment

I. Introduction

The Clothing production, which was considered an art form in the prehistoric period, has undergone several technological changes. Technological advancements have assisted apparel producers, brand sales people, and retailers in transitioning to a new global reality in which customer choice and service are not only priorities, but have the potential to make the difference between success and failure in a highly competitive market. (Nayak & Padhye, 2015) In 1980, the US apparel industry utilized over one million people; today, it employs only about one-third of that number. The common explanation for this collapse is reorganizing of production to low-wage countries, but this ignores the advantages of speed, flexibility, and proximity to fashion and design centers that have helped some suppliers in high-wage countries, such as Italy, defend niche markets for fashionable products. This paper investigates why the US apparel industry has failed to capitalize on these advantages. (Crean, 2006). Researcher has selected leading garment factories in the Kegalle District. The main reason for this was to pay special attention to the health and safety system of the organization in large scale factories and to ensure that their health is properly ensured as it has a large number of employees. When considering the safety and health policy system of an organization, it includes many different concepts. Accordingly, the existing health and safety systems at MAS Holding (Pvt) Ltd and Brandix (Pvt) Ltd. are responsible for the performance of the company’s employees.
According to the World Health Organization (1999), health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being rather than simply the absence of diseases or infirmity; and three aspects such as employees’ physical health, mental health, and social well-being are 2 considered. Because the working environment in the apparel sector is mostly associated with various types of workers, machinery, and management teams, it should be safe and free of safety and health risks and hazards. Accordingly, it is more important for the organization to maintain a health and safety system because it solves the problems of the existing employees in the organization. The learning and teaching environment exposes both teaching and nonteaching staff to a variety of safety and security risks. Workplace accidents, lung diseases, work stress, drug abuse, and suicide are all health risks, attempts and fights. (Kago Njeru, 2015).