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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) |Volume VI, Issue IX, September 2022|ISSN 2454-6186

The Relationship Between Path-Goal Leadership Style and Work Motivation of Nurses at Pidie Regional Hospital

Nurul Atikah1, Hajjul Kamil2; Marlina3
1Master Program of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
2Department of Nursing Management, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
3Department of Medical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: Leadership style can affect nurses’ work motivation, where the dimensions of leadership style include directive, supportive, participative, and achievement orientation. This leadership characteristic is very unique and interesting to explore, where the style shown must be able to influence, encourage, manage, and regulate with leadership skills possessed. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between leadership style and work motivation at Pidie Regional Hospital. This type of research is a correlation analysis with a cross-sectional study design with a total sampling method of 253 nurses. Data collection have collected through a questionnaire using the Path-Goal Leadership questionnaire. Bivariate results obtained directive leadership style with p-value 0,008, supportive leadership style with p-value 0,427, participative leadership style with p-value 0,000 and achievement-oriented leadership style with p-value 0,000. The multivariate test with logistic regression test showed the results of participative leadership style with an odds ratio value of 13,198 and an achievement-oriented leadership style sub-variable with an odds ratio value of 0,321. Based on the results of the study, it is expected that the leadership style that will be used to increase the work motivation of nurses is participative, the leader invites each other to achieve goals.

Keywords: leadership style, work motivation, nurses


Being a leader is not easy, you must have characteristics that are appropriate to the conditions and situations in the field, there are many challenges to be faced. The most significant partisipative leadership style is considered to be able to increase nurses’ work motivation, where this style can provide real encouragement to nurses. In this style, the leader involves implementing nurses to participate in building and achieving goals. So that nurses feel valued by being included in hospital programs.
The leadership style used must be able to influence subordinates, must be able to regulate, must be able to manage, and lead subordinates with the expertise and strengths they have. Leaders must also be able to increase their passion His subordinates in carrying out their duties not only must be able to work together, work effectively, and be integrated with all efforts to achieve satisfaction. All of that is related to the leadership style used by a leader in leading an agency that needs to develop its members and build a