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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume V, Issue IV, April 2021 | ISSN 2454–6186

An Appraisal Of Urban Renewal: A Case Study Of Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

Adeoti Sanmi, Adelana Joel Oluwasogo, Agboola Joseph Taiwo
Department of Urban and Regional Planning
Federal Polytechnic Ado Ekiti, Nigeria

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract Generally, urban renewal otherwise known as urban redevelopment is not only a veritable social gentrification technique to make life safe, more secure and comfortable for the urban dweller but also to address challenges of the bursting rate of urbanization in developing countries. In Nigeria particularly Ekiti State where urban centres are characterized by a dominant feature of poor infrastructure deplorable state of the road and increasing demand for urban services made the state to experience various urban renewal programs overtime. This made the appraisal of the various programs with the hope of determining the effectiveness and efficiency as the aim and objectives of the paper. The method of the study involved the use of observation, interview and distribution of questionnaires relevant professions of built environ for the primary data while the secondary data were sourced from various journal papers. The finding of analysed data revealed that some of these renewals were justified while others were not due to lack of proper planning and implementation. Therefore, the paper called for robust urban renewal planning process that will take into consideration the participation of all stakeholders.

Keywords: Urbanisation, Appraisal, Urban Renewal, stakeholders Planning and Implementation

IINTRODUCTION

Generally, cities across the globe experience rapid population growth and physical expansion due to urbanisation most especially in developing countries where the total number of urban dwellers in the region is now roughly doubling every ten years [1].. As pointed out in [2], 54 percent of the world’s population lives in urban areas, a proportion that is expected to increase to 66% by 2050 with close to 90% of the increase concentrated in Asia and Africa. In fact, as in [3] urban population in Nigeria was projected to be more than 60 percent of the national figure. Currently the percentage of urban population to the national population jumped from 42.5 percent in 2009 to 51.16 percent in 2019 [4].
. The urbanization crisis in developing countries is characterized by high rate of over population, congestion, pollution, inadequate housing/shelter, squalor underdevelopment