An Exploration of Entrepreneurial Intentions among University Students in Kenya

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume IV, Issue XII, December 2020 | ISSN 2454–6186

An Exploration of Entrepreneurial Intentions among University Students in Kenya

  Dr. Gilbert Mugambi Miriti, Ph.D.
Faculty of Business Studies, Chuka University, P.O. Box 109-60400, Chuka, Kenya

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Abstract
Entrepreneurial intention has received much attention from both Scholars and Policy makers in the recent past due to the realization that the entrepreneurial intention may lead to entrepreneurial activities which offers great potential for employment creation among the University Students and economic growth of the country. Although there has been much interest in entrepreneurship, attributes that might impact on the propensity to venture into entrepreneurship among Students in Kenya is rarely examined. The purpose of this study was to explore the triggers and hindrances to entrepreneurial intentions among University Students. The sample includes the final year students of Chuka University from across the various programs. Using a correlation research design; the current study empirically examines the impact of personal attributes, entrepreneurial experience, entrepreneurial education and government support system on entrepreneurship intention. The theory of planned behaviour (TPB) model guided the current research. Primary data was obtained through a questionnaire survey method administered to a sample of 120 final year students from the Chuka University. Statistical techniques employed included confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, and partial least square (PLS) regression analysis. The results were presented in tables and structural equation modeling. The findings revealed that students’ attitude and self-efficacy plays a very significant role in entrepreneurial intentions among the students. Concerning demographic variables, the entrepreneurial experience had a significant impact on entrepreneurial intention. The study recommends that the students should be encouraged to form or join student clubs where they meet and discuss possible joint business ventures. Secondly, the students should seek information on means of accessing capital for their business ideas. Besides, the government’s social and economic structures should be efficient to ensure that youth have access to cheap and readily available capital.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial intentions, Self-employment, Entrepreneurial activity and economic growth.