Application of Rules and Regulations on Students’ Involvement in Arson at public boarding secondary schools in Migori County, Kenya

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume VI, Issue V, May 2022 | ISSN 2454–6186

Application of Rules and Regulations on Students’ Involvement in Arson at public boarding secondary schools in Migori County, Kenya

Jannes Okinyi K’odero*; Wilson A. P. Otengah; Lazarus Millan Okello;
Rongo, University Kenya
*Corresponding Author

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: In the last 20 years there has been global increase of episodes of school unrests characterized with violence and arson attacks. They resulted to destruction of schools’ property and death. Arson persists with latest cases seen in 2021. Past studies have not focused on social and cultural aspects in learning institutions as possible causes of arson. The study focused on the application of rules and regulations on students’ involvement in Arson at public boarding Secondary schools in Migori County. Descriptive Cross-sectional survey design. It involved 380 students of form 3 and 4 from 28 public boarding secondary schools which had experienced Arson from 2017 to 2020; and 28 KII’s. Probability sampling techniques were used to arrive at the respondents, KII’s were purposively selected. Questionnaires and FGDs were used on main respondents; and interview schedule for KIIs. Quantitative data was analyzed using Pearson’s product moment correlations and presented in graphs, tables and charts. Qualitative data was analyzed thematically. It was revealed that utilization of school rules and regulations had a positive significant relationship (r= .447, p<.05) with students’ involvement in arson. Further, informal discussion on school rules and regulations had a positive significant relationship (r= .487, p<.05) with students’ involvement in arson. The study recommends that the ministry of education should outline the guidelines for formulation of school rules and regulations.

Key Words: Arson, coded-language, rules and regulations, punishment, formulation

I. INTRODUCTION

In the last 20 years there has been marked global increase of episodes of school unrests characterized with violence and arson attacks. Most of them resulted to massive destruction of school’s property and often loss of lives (Francisca, 2012). In the context of this study, social and cultural determinants encompass student’s interactions, behavior, and way of life while in school.