Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission Of HIV/AIDS among Student Nurses in Bauchi State College of Nursing and Midwifery, Nigeria.

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) |Volume VIII, Issue IV, April 2023|ISSN 2454-6194

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission Of HIV/AIDS among Student Nurses in Bauchi State College of Nursing and Midwifery, Nigeria.

Dr Mahmood Danasabe1, Mrs Rakiya Saleh2, Mr. Bappah Baba Waziri3, Muhammad Adamu4
1PsychologyDepartment, Federal University, Gashua, Nigeria,
2Aliko Dangote College of Nursing and midwifery, Bauchi state, Nigeria
3Adamu Adamu College of Nursing and midwifery, Federal Medical Centre, Azare, Nigeria.
4Adamu Adamu College of Nursing and midwifery, Federal Medical Centre, Azare, Nigeria.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8430

IJRISS Call for paper

Received: 10 January 2023; Accepted: 03 March 2023; Published: 15 May 2023

Abstract: Women with pregnancy that are having human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) infection have a greater chance of transmitting the virus to their children. Majority of the transmission happens during pregnancy, labour and delivery and during lactation. The health workers, especially, nurse/midwife play a crucial part in prevention of mother to child transmission. The adequate knowledge, attitude and practices of the student nurses assumed to predict effective and efficient prevention of the transmission of the virus. This research assessed the knowledge, attitude and practice of student nurses/midwives in the State college of nursing and midwifery Bauchi towards the prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) of HIV/AIDS. The study is a descriptive cross-sectional survey with a sample of fifty students’ nurses’/midwives participated in the study analysis. Data was collected through a self-modified questionnaire that measured knowledge, attitude and practices based on percentage. Analysis was done using descriptive statistics of frequency count and percentages in answering the research questions. The mean age of respondents was 26 ± 2 years. The result of the study shows that many students nurses have low information on PMTCT. However, many sources of information did not indicate significantly to improved knowledge of the participants as shown by their low knowledge on PMTCT of HIV (66.7%). The study further reveals a general negativism in the attitudes (41.8%) of respondents towards prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV. Greater percentage of the respondents showed a negative attitude towards pregnant women living with HIV/AIDS. The practice of PMTCT was generally very low (56.6%). This study demonstrates that nurses in State college are insufficiently informed on practical issues in the prevention of MTCT of HIV. Hence, are weak to play an effective role in this important aspect of prevention of HIV. Sensitization, capacity building and appropriate clinical settings remain essential for significant outcomes.

Index Terms: Attitude, HIV/AIDs, Knowledge, Practices

I. Introduction

The extent at which human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) is spreading across the world is alarming and detrimental to the life of people. Past study revealed that over 80 per cent of people living with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) are aged between 15 and 24 years (UNAIDS, 2004). Recent study according to World Health Organization (WHO, 2014) reported that children less than 15 years estimated to be 2.0 million became infected with the virus in the year 2014.