Assessment of Rural Poverty in Maiha Local Government Area, Adamawa State, Nigeria

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume IV, Issue VI, June 2020 | ISSN 2454–6186

Assessment of Rural Poverty in Maiha Local Government Area, Adamawa State, Nigeria

Garandi, I. Danjuma, Hassan, S. Tanko. (Ph.D), Hyelnacha, B. Anthony, Samuel, H. Jerry
Department of Geography, Adamawa State University’ Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria

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Abstract:- This research was conducted in order to assess rural poverty in Maiha Local Government Area, Adamawa state. The data for this research were obtain by sampling opinion of 77 respondents from the five district of the study area, initially 100 questionnaire were distributed. The difficulties faced by most rural inhabitants on poverty in the developing countries, has attracted the attention of the scholars, government and politicians. As a result of this background that this study were conducted to accessed rural poverty in Maiha local government area. In other to achieve this, data were collected by the use of questionnaires. The data obtained from the questionnaires are then analyzed using simple percentage, most prevalence of poverty we see today are as a result of inadequate feeding, poor health care delivery. Poverty is seen as lack of meeting the basic necessity of life, such as food, cloth and shelter as well as inability to fully participate with dignity the societal development of a rural area. Chi square was also use to detect high incidence rate of poverty in the area.

Keywords: Incidence, Poverty, Rural, Active Population

I. INTRODUCTION

Poverty is a term that is used to describe the inability to adequately meet the human necessities of food, clothing and shelter or is a term that describes the income level of a community which is found within families and kindred. According to Chinoroke (2005), poverty resulted from poor nutrition, poor hygiene, low ‘standard of living, low per capital income and lack of capacity to articulate social economic and political environment. Poverty is also a word derived from French “pauvre” meaning poor. The income level of a community which when divided or subdivision among family and kindred is less than 40% of the norm, each person live below one US dollar per day.

People all over the world have different experience in terms of standard of living, their basic necessities of life (food, cloth, shelter, and others) are not enjoyed due to the low per capital income of individual, most especially in the developing countries of the world such as Nigeria. This constitutes majority of the world population in rural areas, which has poses little or no shelter, cloth and food supply. People that are living in rural areas are unemployed which compelled them to depend on primary form of production (Agriculture) with few others, hunting and fishing.