Capacity Building Needed by Retirees in Snail Production for Poverty Alleviation in Benue State, Nigeria.

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) |Volume VIII, Issue IV, April 2023|ISSN 2454-6194

Capacity Building Needed by Retirees in Snail Production for Poverty Alleviation in Benue State, Nigeria.

Gbeyongu Frederick Terkimbi, Ngbongha Innocent Okpa, Onu Deborah Ogbene, and Dahiru Daniel Ada
All in Department of Agricultural Education, College of Agricultural and Science Education, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria

IJRISS Call for paper


Received: 01 March 2023; Accepted: 10 March 2023; Published: 11 May 2023


Abstract: This paper focused on capacity building needed by retirees in snail production in Benue state, Nigeria. Four objectives with corresponding research questions guided the study with hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design with a sample of one hundred and twenty (120) respondents for data collection. Instrument titled: Capacity Building for Retirees in Snail Production (CBRSP) was structured by the researcher from the literature reviewed and face validated by three experts. The internal consistency of the instrument was determined using cronbach alpha with a coefficient of 0.82 obtained. The data collected was analyzed using frequency, mean and standard deviation to answer research questions while Chi square was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. It was observed that twelve (12) capacities in rearing snails, ten (10) in harvesting snail products, seven (7) capacities in poverty alleviation and thirteen (13) constraints faced by retirees were all needed for effective snail production in Benue State. It was recommended amongst others that seminars, symposium and workshops be organized by Government and Non-Governmental Organizations to train their workforce in snail production before proceeding to retire them so that they can have a skill and be useful to themselves and the society after retirement.

Key Words: Capacity Building, Farmers, Retirees, Snail production and Poverty Alleviation

I. Introduction

The issue of national development or national rebirth coupled with its monumental benefit to the citizenry and a country in particular which dates back to primordial times has never been attained without harmonizing the various inherent capacities of a people. It is also true that the development of nations whether in primordial times or in contemporary era has never been made possible without the identification