Cnidoscolus Aconitifolius – An Overview

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume VIII, Issue VII, July 2021 | ISSN 2321–2705

Cnidoscolus Aconitifolius – An Overview

Dias Dileep E, Sarathlal P S, Dr. Ajith Babu T K, Ayishath Shabna
Malik Deenar College of Pharmacy, Kerala, India

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract:- Cnidoscolus aconitifoliusis commonly known as Chaya, tree spinach or spinach tree. It is large, fast growing and leafy perennial shrub. It has a succulent stem that exude a milky sap on creating a cut. The plant was traditionally used to treat various clinical conditions. The plant is believed to be originated in the Yutican peninsula of Mexico. It is a popular leafy vegetable in Mexico and Central America. Which is similar to spinach. The plant is rich in good source of protein, vitamins, calcium and iron and is also a powerful antioxidant. Traditionally the plant is used for the management of hypercholesteremia, obesity, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, hyper lipidemic and kidney stones. The review was designed to highlight the pharmacological effects of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius plant.

Key Words: Cnidoscolus aconitifolius


Herbal medicines are one of the oldest remedies known to the mankind. Herbs had been used by all civilizations throughout the history of humanity. Humans depend on plants for their health care. India possess most diverse and richest cultural living traditions which are closely associated with the use of medicinal plants. Multinational pharmaceutical companies are carrying out extensive research programmes to find out the potential medicinal value of plants (1).
The use of medicinal plants is probably the first method carried out by humanity to treat diseases and are used therapeutically all over the world as important components of traditional medicine systems. The importance of complementary and alternative therapies are day by day increasing and the role of herbs is vital to carry out these therapies. It is mainly due to their natural origin, showing lesser side effects (2).There has been a swing in the universal trend, that is synthetic to herbal medicine. It is claimed as “return to nature”. Medicinal plants have been used since ancient times as a source of therapeutic agent for the prevention of diseases and ailments. There is an increased demand for plant-based medicines, health products, food supplements and herbal cosmetics in both developing and developed countries (3).