Diarrhoea: Knowledge, Attitude and Practice in Three Selected Rural Communities in North Central Nigeria

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume VIII, Issue II, February 2021 | ISSN 2321–2705

Diarrhoea: Knowledge, Attitude and Practice in Three Selected Rural Communities in North Central Nigeria

Funmilayo Jumoke Morebise1, Bode Kayode2, Nathan Ukuoghene Ikimi3*
1National Universities Commission, Abuja, FCT Nigeria
2Adeleke University, Ede, Osun State, Nigeria.
3Dental and Maxillofacial Department, State House Clinic, Abuja, FCT Nigeria
Corresponding Author*

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Abstract: Diarrhoea has been reported to be the second leading course of death among children under-five years of age globally and Nigeria with high poverty index, accounts for an estimated 250,000 deaths per annum. The objectives of this research are to find out the knowledge, attitude, and practice of mothers so that behavioral changes of mothers can be encourage for them to follow the best scientific methods of prevention of diarrhoea for children under-5years old and reduce the resultant infant mortality rate.
A cross-sectional survey of knowledge, attitude, and practices of diarrhoea among mothers of under-5 years old children in 3 communities in North central Nigeria. Data collected was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 20). P-value was set at ≤ 0.05 and used in cross tabulation using Pearson Chi Square and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Educational level of the mothers was poor, 112(30.1%) had primary education (middle school), 115(30.9%) had secondary education (High school), while 94(25.3%) of the husbands ended their education at primary schools and 76(20.4%) got to secondary school level. Additionally, 342(91.9%) had poor knowledge of diarrhoea, 70.0% had good attitude towards handwashing and only 21.3% treated water before use.
Mothers of under-5years old in the three communities investigated had poor knowledge and practice of diarrhoea. However, their positive attitude could be used to increase their knowledge and bridge the gap between knowledge and practice which would be beneficial to the community with the resultant reduction in infant mortality rate.

Key Words: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Diarrhoea, Rural Communities.

I. INTRODUCTION

Infectious diseases continue to pose grim threats in developing countries like Nigeria especially for the vulnerable ones such as the young, elderly and those with compromised immune systems.1,2 This seems contrary to the trend in the developed countries like United States of America and Europe where the most frequent causes of death are from illness such as advance heart diseases, advance cancer and terminal illness.1 Despite various efforts by respective government and individuals, malaria, diarrhoea, and other infectious diseases are still a major health threats to the poorest people around the world.1