Effect of Low Level Laser Therapy and Eccentric Exercises on Chronic Achilles Tendinopathy for Recreational Badminton Players

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume V, Issue VI, June 2018 | ISSN 2321–2705

Effect of Low Level Laser Therapy and Eccentric Exercises on Chronic Achilles Tendinopathy for Recreational Badminton Players

N.Ashok1, Asokan Sara Ashmina2

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1Clinical Therapist, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India
2SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Kanchipuram,Tamil Nadu, India

ABSTRACT

Background: There are many treatments given for Achilles Tendinopathy which includes Anti-inflammatory Drugs, Massage, Ultra sound, and iontophoresis. However, studies involving Eccentric exercise training along with Low Level Laser Therapy for management of Achilles Tendinopathy are limited to this date.
Objective: To Evaluate The Effectiveness Of Low Level Laser Therapy and Eccentric Exercises In Unilateral Achilles Tendinopathy.
Methodology: The study design was quasi-experimental and study type was pre and post-test. 20 subjects were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and written consent form was obtained within the age group of 17-30 years of both male and female were taken and10 subjects in the Group A received laser therapy with eccentric exercises and 10 subjects in Group B received placebo effect of laser therapy with eccentric exercise.
Result: There is a statistical increase in the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Ankle Range of motion.
Conclusion: This study concludes that Low level laser therapy with eccentric exercise has significant result in the reduction of pain and improvement in functional activity among patients with Achilles Tendinopathy.

Keywords: Low Level Laser Therapy, Eccentric exercise, Achilles Tendinopathy.

I. INTRODUCTION

The Achilles tendon is a band of fibrous tissue that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone i.e. calcaneum. The tendon consists of three muscles that arise from the femur, tibia and fibula. The shortest muscle among the three muscles is the plantaris and has the longest tendon, the second muscle is the gastrocnemius muscle that has two heads and is a bulky muscle and the third muscle is the soleus muscle. The gastrocnemius and soleus muscle form the thick and bulky part called as the calf, the Achilles tendon is formed by the fusion of the three muscles at the end where all fuse and get inserted into the calcaneum bone. It is an agonist to the action of plantar flexion and an antagonist to the action of dorsi flexion