Effect of Progressive Resistance Exercise in Improving Muscle Power, Range of Motion and Balance in Female Elders in Rural Community

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume V, Issue III, March 2018 | ISSN 2321–2705

Effect of Progressive Resistance Exercise in Improving Muscle Power, Range of Motion and Balance in Female Elders in Rural Community

Kamalanathan.P1, K. Elangovan2, Prof. V. P. R Sivakumar3

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  1Associate Professor, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India
2SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India
3Dean, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Falls in the elderly females living in rural community leads to more Mortality and morbidity in recent years. Exercises are important to minimize disability and to prevent falls in elderly. The primary mechanism responsible for most of these structural changes is a decrease in muscle power, cardio vascular changes and reduction in the number of neurons., Exercise is a medicine to prevent and minimize the above Physiological changes.

OBJECTIVE: To find out the effect of exercises in improving range of motion, Muscle power and balance in female elders in rural community.

METHODS: Quasi Experimental design, pre – post study type with 30 samples at Rural study Setting.

RESULTS: progressive resisted exercises improved range of motion, Muscle power and balance in female elders Significantly (P<0.005). Conclusion: Hence we concluded that the above study progressive resistance exercise gives a significant improvement in muscle power, range of motion and balance in hip knee and ankle for female elders.

Key words: progressive resistance exercise, female elders, muscle power, falls.

I. INTRODUCTION

Falls is an event caused by age associated diseases, musculo-skeletal problems in association with physiological changes like impairment of sensory system. The incidence of fall increases with advancing age and it is one of the leading causes of death in elderly. The biological changes of ageing takes place in every system of an individual. In musculo-skeletal system, the ageing is accompanied by the loss of muscle mass and the bone tissue and the rate of mineralization also slowdown.