Effects of Computer-Assisted Instruction on Mathematics Achievement among Secondary School Students in Rivers State, Nigeria

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume VI, Issue IV, April 2022 | ISSN 2454–6186

Effects of Computer-Assisted Instruction on Mathematics Achievement among Secondary School Students in Rivers State, Nigeria

Dr. Ukaigwe, P. C. 1 & Goi-tanen, Keesiop Evelyn2
1Department of Educational Management and Planning, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
2Department of Educational Technology, School of Education, National Open University of Nigeria

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Abstract: The study investigated the effects of computer-assisted instruction on mathematics achievement among secondary school students in Rivers State. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The design was quasi-experimental. The population of the study was 215 students in a senior secondary school Kpor in Gokana. The sample of the study was 35 students. The sample size was drawn using simple random sampling technique. The instrument used to collect data was multiple choice achievement test. The instrument was validated by experts in computer science education and the researchers, while the reliability of the instrument was established at 0.81. Mean and standard deviation was used to analyze pre-test and post-test scores to answer research questions, while z-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 significant level. The findings of the study showed that students taught with computer assisted instruction performed higher than those taught with traditional instructional methods. Findings also revealed that there is a significant difference between the pretest and post-test achievement scores of students taught Mathematics with computer assisted instructional method. The study recommended among others that government should integrate computer and educational software into the mainstream of mathematics curriculum from the junior secondary school level as this will help to prepare students for stellar performance in Mathematics at senior secondary level.

Keywords: Computer-aided instruction, Mathematics Education, Rivers State.

I. INTRODUCTION

The root of mathematics education is mainly based on the history of mathematics and it has played an important role in the development of the society from prehistoric time to the present day. The history of mathematics is similar to the history of mathematics education; it plays a crucial role in the educational context. It is also essential in everyday life activities, in that mathematics is known as a modeling subject, most educational opportunities and careers require mathematical knowledge. Until 1980s mathematics was viewed as a disembodied set of objective truths to be communicated to the students. Pilli and Aksu (2013) suggest that people perceive mathematics from an absolutist perspective and undoubtedly, this is reflected from the mathematics they studied in school rather than an insight into the discipline, this often led many students entering into the higher level of study for further preparation in mathematics to successfully meet their educational and career goals.