Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students: A case study with reference to the Faculty of Engineering, University of Sri Jayewardenepura

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume VI, Issue V, May 2022 | ISSN 2454–6186

Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students: A case study with reference to the Faculty of Engineering, University of Sri Jayewardenepura

Aruni Priya Aluthge
University of Vocational Technology, Sri Lanka

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: The goal of this study is to identify the degree of entrepreneurial intention among engineering undergraduates in Sri Lanka considering students at the faculty of engineering at the University of Sri Jayewardenepura as a sample. It seeks to advance the theoretical discussion on the relationship between personality traits and perceived desirability and entrepreneurial intention. And it further reviews the relationship between entrepreneurship modules and students’ entrepreneurial intention, to identify the practical relevance of entrepreneurship education. This study used a quantitative method to gather primary data using a survey questionnaire. The questionnaire was made available to the all students at the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Sri Jayewardenepura. Due to COVID 19 pandemic challenges, only 83 students had responded with completed questionnaires that were eligible for the test. To test the hypothesis, the SPSS package was used. The findings of the study revealed a low level of students’ intention on entrepreneurship and their interest in the entrepreneurial effort. But students perceived desirability variable highlighted that there is a high chance for motivating students for entrepreneurship by sharpening those determinants. It is observed that effective entrepreneurship education can play a vital role in inculcating entrepreneurial intention. However, the recommendations for further study have been highlighted that a study should be conducted with a bigger sample from all universities in the country to understand the big picture of entrepreneurial intention among engineering students
Key Words: Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial Intention, Theory of Planned Behavior, Entrepreneurial Education, Personality Traits, Perceived Desirability, Perceived Feasibility
I. INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study
Entrepreneurship has been increasingly recognized as a national priority in many countries worldwide for its role in creating employment, economic growth, and fostering social stability and well-being. The impact of entrepreneurship on inspiring economic growth has been proved through small entrepreneurs being dedicated to discovering technology breakthroughs (T. Holmes and J. Schmitz, 1990) fostering technology transfers, and exploiting commercialized opportunities of innovation (Braunerhjelm, 2010)
Entrepreneurship has a more important role for economies, especially in developing countries, since it can be the engine of economic growth and job creation. Private enterprises provide around 80% of employment in the developing world, deliver critical goods and services and contribute tax revenues