Impact and Management of Covid-19 in Kerala: A Systematic Review

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume VIII, Issue VIII, August 2021 | ISSN 2321–2705

Impact and Management of Covid-19 in Kerala: A Systematic Review

Anil Babu A1, Hema S2, Reshma VB3
1,2Department of Pharmacology, Westfort College of Pharmacy, Kerala, India
3Department of Pharmaceutics, Westfort College of Pharmacy, Kerala, India

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: The coronavirus outbreak emerged as a severe pandemic, claiming more than 0.8 million lives across the world and raised a major global health concern. The study aimed to explore the current developmental status and management of coronavirus in Kerala. The pandemic that hit Kerala was looking like a striking outlier in the battle against the coronavirus in India. The virus had been in a controlled situation when the state borders were closed. In January, Kerala reported the first covid-19 case and the number of cases increasing steadily and it became a hotspot. In mid-July, it reported around 800 infections a day. The objective of this paper is to analyze the Kerala model to achieve the goal. It will examine the legacy of the Kerala model such as a robust healthcare system, safety measures, quarantine system, and mechanism of the spike protein. It also looks into the democratic strategy of Kerala and the combined effort of the healthcare system, public, and Government. We conclude that the Kerala model is still relevant and effective when compared to others.

Keywords: SARS-CoV, Spike protein, Kerala state, Covid -19, pandemic.

I. INTRODUCTION

The novel coronavirus 2019-n CoV has emerged as a human pathogen in the city of Wuhan in China’s Hubei province, causing fever, severe respiratory illness, and pneumonia- a disease named COVID-19 (According to the World Health Organization (WHO), as of 16 February 2020, there had been >51,000 confirmed cases globally, leading to at least 1600 deaths. There was an exponential increase in spread of disease during the initial stages in China. The mode of transmission is through close contact with an infected person and respiratory droplets. The World Health Organization declared COVID-19 as a pandemic on 11th March 2020 considering the situation all over the world. Coronavirus disease 2019 has emerged as a global health threat and every nation is facing unique challenges during the coronavirus outbreak. India recently crossed 50,000 cases and is undergoing a historic nationwide lockdown in an attempt to control the outbreak. Most epidemiologists believe that Kerala has done a good job for the overall control of the infection. [1, 2, 3]