Influence of Flexibility in Posture among Obese Adolescent Collegiates

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume V, Issue I, January 2018 | ISSN 2321–2705

Influence of Flexibility in Posture among Obese Adolescent Collegiates

K.Bharathi1, Sarathkumar2

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1, 2 SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankuthur- 603202, India

Abstract:

Background: A posture is a position of the body which is maintained by the balanced muscular forces on the skeletal system. The posture is affected by the imbalance between the muscle force and also by the reduction or increase in the muscle length.
Objective: To find the influence of flexibility in posture among obese adolescent collegiate.
Methodology: Non experimental, observational, convenient sampling, sample size was 100 subjects. Subjects of 17 to 18 years, more than 27 ratio of Asian BMI were included in the study. The exclusion criteria were any congenital or acquired musculoskeletal problems and the person who were going for regular fitness training.
Procedure: According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria subjects were selected. The flexibility and posture assessment were taken and documented.
Results: Paired t test was used to analyze the relation between the posture and flexibility which shows that the subjects who were having frontal head deviations having reduced shoulder flexibility and the subjects who having frontal hip deviations having reduced hamstring flexibility(p<0.05).
Conclusion: The study concluded that the forward rounded shoulder is correlated with the reduced shoulder flexibility. Increase accumulation of fatty tissue on the anterior trunk creates the eccentric load on the hamstring muscles then it gets shortened and this causes compensatory pelvic and knee abnormal position. So the postural changes were more significant in the obese populations.

Keywords: Obesity, Posture, Flexibility.

I. INTRODUCTION

A posture is described as a position of the body or the arrangements of body segments relative to one another1. The posture can be either static or dynamic. In static posture, the body and its segments are aligned and maintained in certain positions which include standing, sitting, lying, kneeling and etc. The dynamic posture refers to postures in which the body or its segments are having the ability to arrange and rearrange body segments to form a large variety of postures, but the sustained maintenance of erect bipedal stance is optimal to humans include moving like walking, running, jumping, throwing, and lifting.