International Community Interventions in Somalia’s Conflicts to Promote peace and Security: Amisom Case

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume V, Issue IX, September 2021 | ISSN 2454–6186

International Community Interventions in Somalia’s Conflicts to Promote peace and Security: Amisom Case

Abdullahi Sh-Mohamed Hussein
Master of African Studies and International Relations, Graduate Institute of Social Science, Istanbul Ticaret University, Turkey

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract :- Since the Somali government got independence in 1960, the international community intervention in Somalia was existed both politically military and humanitarian. Somalia has entered a new era in its contemporary history, which has taken on a regrettable and destructive character in the areas of security, peace and stability 1991 after collapse of Somali. Therefore. This research examines whether the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) has met its current strategic objectives and, if so, what impact it has had on Somalia’s broader political and security dynamics. The organization is now in its eleventh year of operation. AMISOM is one of a larger group of international actors attempting to restore stability to the country. This constellation highlights the benefits and drawbacks of collaborations in modern peacekeeping missions. It also emphasizes the importance of good coordination among various actors, particularly the Somali government, the African Union (AU), the United Nations (UN), the European Union (EU), and some major bilateral partners, such as the United States and the United Kingdom. As a result, AMISOM is in an unfortunate position. This study will use the quantitative method of information conducted in the literature review and further discussion with Somali government officials Amisom and the other experts. Amongst the techniques that will be used in this study, will be the purposive sampling technique which will allow the researcher to select certain respondents according to their ability to give information. Therefore, the key informants will be purposively selected from various officials. The study will collect both primary and secondary data. Before conducting these interviews, the researcher will have to design an interview guide that will be used in directing the conversation towards the topic and issues involved in this research. The results will be presented in a Microsoft word document.

Keywords: Peacebuilding, Security, international community, Amisom, Somali National Army, Civil War, Conflict Resolution

I. INTRODUCTION

After colonial era Several domestic armed conflicts have plagued in Africa. During the Cold War, the Horn of Africa was continually influenced by unexpected and sudden conflicts, tensions of ideological confrontations, regional disputes, cross-boundary deterioration and constant militarisation. the situation in the Horn of Africa were either a crisis zone or a mere battle ground between the United States and the Soviet Union. Th e two global influence powers (USA, USSR) were not only intensely engaged in the regional states’ political and security affairs, but also consistently supported the escalation of a regional arms race in the Horn of Africa Sabala (2011: 98).
In the increasing waves of government oppositions during l980s largely in the African continent it led the rise of the popular Somali armed opposition, this exploded into