Nurse’s Level of Knowledge about Cardiac Arrest Treatment

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Nurse’s Level of Knowledge about Cardiac Arrest Treatment

Yudi Akbar*, Feandi Putera, Rizki Maulidya, Ida Suryawati, Aulia Rahmi, Sri Andala
STIKes Muhammadiyah Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia
*Corresponding Author
Received: 23 May 2023; Accepted: 09 June 2023; Published: 06 July 2023

Abstract – One of the most common emergency situations in the community is cardiac arrest. Basic life support must be initiated immediately to maintain survival. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills are first aid for the treatment of cardiac arrest and can prevent the risk of death and brain disability. Knowledge of cardiac arrest is the main thing that must be mastered by nurses before carrying out basic treatment on patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of knowledge of nurses possess about the management of cardiac arrest at Munyang Kute Redelong Hospital. This research is descriptive research using a cross-sectional design. The population in this study was 82, and the sample in this study was 82 respondents. The sampling technique used in this study was purposive sampling. The results obtained from this study showed that the majority of nurses have sufficient knowledge, as many as 54 people (65.9%), and nurses who have a low level of knowledge, as many as 28 people (34.1%). Based on the results of the study, the level of knowledge of nurses about the management of cardiac arrest was as high as 65.9%. This research is expected to be a benchmark for hospitals to provide BTCLS or BHD training so that nurses’ knowledge about the management of cardiac arrest continues to be upgraded. Suggestions for nurses to continue to update their knowledge and develop practical skills to contribute to the management of cardiac arrest.

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Keywords: Knowledge, Nurse, Cardiac Arrest

I. Introduction

Emergency services are medical measures that are needed by emergency patients in time to save lives and prevent disability. Emergency care is a measure in which immediate medical action is needed to save lives and prevent disabilities (Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 47 Tahun 2018 Tentang Pelayanan Kegawatdaruratan, 2018). An emergency is a sudden occurrence that can be caused by a natural event, a technological disaster, a dispute, or an event caused by man and requires urgent handling. Emergencies can happen to anyone, anywhere, and anytime (Muthmainnah, 2019).

According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2018, there are 17.7 million deaths from emergency disorders worldwide. According to the Kementerian Kesehatan RI, (2018) it is mentioned that sickness is the number one cause of death in Indonesia with 883,447 people dying from breathing and heart failure. In Indonesia, 37% of deaths are due to cardiovascular diseases, mainly cardiac arrest. A number of other causes may occur due to lifestyle, public knowledge of risk factors, population spread, and health care location (Buston et al., 2020).

Heart arrest is one of the most common emergency conditions in society. First response or first aid for cardiac arrest can prevent a variety of risks, such as death and brain impairment. According to Law No. 38 of 2014 on Nursing, a nurse is a person who has passed a higher education in nursing, either within the country or abroad, that is recognized by the government in accordance with the provisions of the regulations of the law. Nurses are one of the leading health care professionals who work professionally with the ability, authority, and responsibility to carry out nursing care (Wardah et al., 2017).

Emergency response is very important for the nurse to know one of them so that the level of patient safety increases. It becomes a focus on the knowledge of how nursing action should be enhanced. One of the most common cases occurring inside and outside the hospital is sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). Patients with anxiety are at high risk for the threat of death and disability, so patients need a quick response from nurses (Hidayati, 2020).

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the key in the treatment of cardiac arrest. Laksono et al., (2017) argued that the execution of cardiac arrest of cardiopulmonary resuscitation does not guarantee the continuing capability of each nurse. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation administered manually by nurses tends to be less qualified. It is also obvious that the velocity of breast compression by nurses in Indonesia is not uniform (Sudiro, 2020). In addition, as explained also in the Widyarani, (2018), which reports that the role of nurses in Indonesia can still not be said to be implemented properly because there are still many delays in the delivery of cardiopulmonary resuscitation to patients. Similar to the study conducted by Andriyani et al., (2019), which showed that there were 63.3% of nurses who had poor knowledge and poor performance when performing cardiac arrest