Optimization of Municipal Solid Waste Management In Ifite, Awka Urban Area, Anambra State, Nigeria

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume III, Issue III, March 2019 | ISSN 2454–6186

Optimization of Municipal Solid Waste Management In Ifite, Awka Urban Area, Anambra State, Nigeria

Kelechi Friday Nkwocha1, Chukwuma Patrick Nwabudike2, Samuel Oji Iheukwumere2, Kenneth O. Oluyori3, Peter Peter Umeh4
1Department of Geography, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
2 Department of Geography and Meteorology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.
3 Department of Geography, Nigeria Defence Academy Post Graduate School, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
4 Department of Geography, Nigerian Army University, Biu, Borno State, Nigeria

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract- Owing to a rapid surge in population and urbanization in Ifite, Awka Urban area of Anambra state, problems associated with municipal solid waste management have become a critical issue. Its direct impact on human health and aesthetic values of the environment makes it crucial. The aim of this study is to develop an optimum municipal solid waste collection and disposal system in Ifite, Awka urban area, Anambra state Nigeria through recommending best route for solid waste collection and disposal. From the findings, a collection and disposal plan was developed using GIS tools. ArcGIS 10.2 Network Analyst software was used to optimize solid waste collection and disposal routes for Ifite (scenario 1) as well as to calculate the distance for the scenario. The distance covered for scenario 1 is 12.3km.

Keywords- Solid waste, Optimization, Arc-GIS, Awka, Environment


Wastes can be defined as materials or substances which are regarded un-useful by its producers or holders and therefore discarded. Wastes occur in three different forms; solid, liquid and gaseous. Kalu, Inyama and Nwobi (2017) defined Solid waste as any material which comes from domestic, commercial and industrial sources arising from human activities which has no value to people who possess it and is regarded as useless. Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) is the process of collecting, storing, treatment and disposal of solid waste in such a manner that they are harmless to humans, plants, animals, ecology and the environment in general (Ezerie, Chima, Ogbonna and Chibunna, 2017).