Performance And Emission Test on A Single Cylinder Compression Ignition Engine Using Neem Oil Blends by Sonication

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) |Volume VIII, Issue IV, April 2023|ISSN 2454-6194

Performance And Emission Test on A Single Cylinder Compression Ignition Engine Using Neem Oil Blends by Sonication

Dr. V. Kumar1, Dr. Partha Sarathi Chakraborty2, Dr. Dulal Krishna Mandal3 Dr. Nallusamy3
1Department of Mechanical Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Vadapalani, India
2Department of Adult, Continuing Education & Extension, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India.
3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India.
Received: 26 March 2023; Revised: 15 April 2023; Accepted: 18 April 2023; Published: 20 May 2023

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: – The transportation segment is the single biggest customer of oil determined vitality. Generally, fluid hydrocarbons have developed as the essential transportation fuel in light of their high vitality content per unit volume and as a result of the effortlessness of fluid fuel dealing with and conveyance frameworks rather than those required for strong or vaporous energizes. Thus, our present day transportation control plants have been intended to utilize fluid powers and oil refiners have, through a transformative procedure, been fitting to meet the prerequisites of cylinder motors. This fitting of the fuel to meet motor necessities must be reevaluated. As a transitional procedure, other vitality sources must be looked for which can be utilized as a part of altered cylinder motors. This transitional procedure could most recent a very long while as new but unclear, transportation frameworks are produced.

Keywords: Neem, Diesel engine, Sonification, Performance, Emission


Endeavors for exchange diesel motor energizes were made a few back. Nonetheless, their Acknowledgment as suitable diesel fuel substitutes has not yet become a reality on account of less expensive and obviously adequate supplies of oil based powers gave recharged enthusiasm for Neem oil energizes, particularly for crisis use in spot deficiency circumstances. Reference records late research endeavors to decide the possibility of oils as diesel fuel substitutes.
Beginning utilization of Neem oil as diesel motor energizes might be local and limited to territories where they are promptly accessible. One of the likely first applications could be on cultivate and in farming gear; in this manner, enthusiasm for the impacts of Neem oil on diesel motor execution in fitting and convenient.
This explore exertion was intended to address the execution and emanation attributes of Neem oil energizes when utilized on a diesel motor. The test motor outline and design were chosen to speak to engineers as of now in wide use in farming and mechanical hardware and motors that were relied upon to be most delicate to fuel quality.


Many standardized procedures are available for production of bio diesel. The commonly used methods are:
1. Blending
2. Micro Emulsification
3. Thermal Cracking
4. Transesterification

Among these, Transesterification of vegetable oils seems, by all accounts, to be more appropriate since the side-effect (glycerol) has business esteem. Transesterification is the synthetic response between triglycerides furthermore, liquor within the sight of impetus to deliver mono-esters. The long and expanded chain triglyceride particles are changed to mono-esters and glycerin.
Transesterification process comprises of a succession of three continuous reversible responses. That is, transformation of triglycerides to triglycerides, trailed by the change of triglycerides to monoglycerides. The glycerides are changed over into glycerol and yielding one ester atom in each progression. The properties of these esters are equivalent to that of diesel. The general transesterification response can be spoken to by the accompanying response conspire.