Recycling of PET Clothes and Bottles

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume V, Issue IV, April 2018 | ISSN 2321–2705

Recycling of PET Clothes and Bottles

 Ranjit N. Turukmane, Amarjeet Daberao, Sujit S. Gulhane

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Centre for Textile Functions, SVKM’S NMIMS, Shirpur Campus, Dist. Dhule, Maharashtra, India

Abstract: – Waste disposable is a hard task to manage for man-made textile industries. It have adverse effect on the environment and disturbs ecological balance. Polyester base fibers contributing 70% of the total synthetic fiber production worldwide. The development is always followed the question of recycling of synthetic solid waste for that many researchers working on the developments of pollutant free and recyclable textile material and achieved a creditable success in manmade textiles worldwide. This review article will focus on the methods followed for recycling of polyester fiber adopted in various textile industries worldwide.

Keywords- Pollutant, Recycling, Solid waste.

I. INTRODUCTION

It is an important term used is different industries for reducing waste disposal in to environment. Now a days developed and developing countries aimed to reduce pre and post manufacturing waste and focused on recycling [Shukla et al., 2008; Paszun, D. and Spychaj, T., 1997]. Waste disposal in to environment increase risk for human’s life so disposal of mechanical, chemical and thermal polymers should reduce [Guoxi, X., Wei, L. and Xinyan, X., 2002]. One of the major advantage of recycling is to reduce the solid waste by converting it in to new product. It is very necessary that every man-made fibre production industry should focus on reducing waste of useful raw material, energy and reuse of waste chemical and polymer. Polyester polymer is mostly recycled all over the world these are fibers, bottles, films etc [Al-Salem et al., 2009].

II. METHODS OF RECYCLING PET CLOTHES AND BOTTLES

1. Mechanical recycling.
2. Thermal recycling.
3. Chemical recycling.

1. Mechanical Recycling

Food, shelter and clothes are the three basic need of human being. Population increases ultimately cloths demand also increases and it can be full filled only by developing a man-made fibers. Now whole world is relay only on the PET fibre production, cloths and garments manufacturing. Manufactured polyester fabrics can’t be melt again to polyester. It is a unique method to reprocess the waste polyester fabric by changing its shape to make is reusable ex torned fabric like shirt can be reused by converting it in to pillow cover or without changing the chemical structure for other purposes excluding energy recovery or disposal, without changing the chemical structure of the processed material. Collected waste material is shredded and converted in to yarn which can be used in manufacturing different value added articles [Cunliffe, A.M. and Williams, P.T., 2003; Lou, C.W., 2005]