Spatial and Seasonal Variability of Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Ground Water in Bassi Tehsil, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume V, Issue I, January 2018 | ISSN 2321–2705

Spatial and Seasonal Variability of Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Ground Water in Bassi Tehsil, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Swati Saxena*, Umesh Saxena#, A.K. Sinha+

IJRISS Call for paper

*Associate Professor, Department of Chemistry, Rajasthan College of Engineering for Women, Bhakrota, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
#Principal, U.S. Ostwal College of Science, Chittorgarh, Rajasthan, India.
+Director, School of Basic Sciences, Manipal University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Abstract- The study was aimed to analyze the spatial and seasonal variability of physico-chemical parameters of ground water quality in Bassi Tehsil of District Jaipur, Rajasthan, India in order to assess its suitability for drinking purpose. For this ground water samples from 71 sampling sites of 50 villages of study area were collected from tube wells and hand pumps of varying depths in pre and post monsoon seasons and analyzed for ten physico-chemical parameters namely pH, Total Alkalinity, Total Hardness, Calcium, Magnesium, Chloride, Nitrate, Fluoride, Total Dissolved Solid and Electrical Conductivity. Analysis of results showed that almost all parameters were exceeding the desirable limits prescribed by BIS, ICMR and WHO. But, by analyzing the data on the basis of highest permissible limits of the parameters, the observed principal ground water pollutants are total alkalinity, chloride, nitrate, fluoride, total dissolved solids (TDS) and electrical conductivity (EC). The study helps to understand the quality of water as well as to develop suitable management practices to protect the groundwater sources. Based on these results, it is also recommended to use water only after proper treatment for drinking purpose by the individuals to prevent adverse health effects.

Keywords: Ground Water Quality, Physico-chemical parameters, Spatial and seasonal variability, Bassi Tehsil and Rajasthan.

I. INTRODUCTION

Water is an essential natural resource for sustaining life and environment but over the last few decades the water quality is deteriorating due to it’s over exploitation. It has raised certain basic challenges in our environment and we are suffering both the problems of quality and quantity of water. Water quality is indispensable parameter to be studied when the overall focus is sustainable development keeping mankind at focal point. Groundwater is the major source of drinking water in rural as well as in urban areas and in Rajasthan and over 94% of the drinking water demand is met by groundwater.