Spatial Variability of Global Population, Temperature and Covid-19 Pandemic: Implication for Health Care Management

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume IV, Issue V, May 2020 | ISSN 2454–6186

Spatial Variability of Global Population, Temperature and Covid-19 Pandemic: Implication for Health Care Management

Dr. Nwaerema, Peace*, Dr. Samuel Ibbi Ibrahim
Department of Geography, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract:- This study examined spatial variability of global population, temperature and covid-19 pandemic as it applies to health care management. The study sampled thirty (30) countries in the six (6) inhabitable continents of the world namely Asia, Africa, Europe, North America, South America and Australia/Oceania where Covid-19 has been recorded. However, five (5) countries were randomly selected from each of the continents considering their regional locations (geocodes) of north, south, east, west and center. Data were generated from online sources and reports from World Health Organization (WHO). The Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used to analyze the speculations. However, continents of Asia, Africa and Oceania showed relatively low spread of covid-19 having higher temperature. Continents of North America, South America and Europe showed higher Covid-19 spread with relatively low temperature. Countries with moderate mean temperatures between 11-200C relatively showed higher Covid-19 spread than countries of extreme low and high mean temperature regimes of <0-100C and 21-300C respectively. Finally, this study established that temperature and population density do not have any statistically significant effect on the spread of Covid-19. Therefore, health practitioners and individuals should consider stringent health and hygiene practices to curb the deadly Covid-19 infectious disease worldwide.

Keywords: Covid-19, Temperature, Populating density


Covid-19 has become a worldwide pandemic threatening and killing millions of humans since its outbreak in Wuhan, Hubei Province of China in December 2019. The new COVID-19 is caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2. The most likely ecological reservoirs for SARS-CoV-2 are bats, but it is believed that the virus jumped the species barrier to humans from another intermediate animal host. This intermediate animal host could be a domestic food animal, a wild animal, or a domesticated wild animal which has not yet been identified (WHO, 2020a). However, on January 3, 2020 only 44 patients were reported of the pneumonia deadly infection which later increased to a global scale up to April 2020 (Isaifan, 2020; WHO, 2020d). Thus, the incubation days of the Covid-19 virus are from 2 to 14 days. As at April 5, 2020, Covid-19 infected 1,133, 758 persons and caused 62,784 deaths globally (WHO, 2020d).