Analysis of Sustainable Agricultural-Based Land Management on the Slope of Lawu Mountain in Indonesia

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume VII, Issue X, October 2020 | ISSN 2321–2705

Analysis of Sustainable Agricultural-Based Land Management on the Slope of Lawu Mountain in Indonesia

Nindiya Anisa Rachman1, Yasin Yusup2, Rita Noviani3
1Master Program of Geography Education, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia
2,3Department of Geography Education, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract. Sustainable agricultural land is a field of agricultural land designated to be protected and developed consistently in order to produce staple food for national food self-sufficiency, security and sovereignty. The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in sustainable agriculture based on the slope in the western slopes of Mount Lawu. This research uses quantitative research methods and is described descriptively with the data sources in this study, namely farmers, environmental coordinators, heads of farmer groups and related agencies (BPS, DLH, DISPERTAN). The data collection methods used were questionnaires, interviews, observation and documentation. The sampling technique used was stratified random sampling, which was to classify the population according to certain geographic features in this study, namely the slope on the West Slope of Lawu Mountain. This research is a quantitative study with data analysis using the Sustainable Agriculture Index. The results showed sustainable agriculture index was on slopes 0-2% (110), slopes 2-6% (80.5), slopes 6-13% (96.7), slopes 13-25% (85.1), slopes 25-55% (71.8) , and slopes > 55% (104.3). The conclusion of this research is that the implementation of sustainable land management based on the results is in the high to very high category. This research can be used as a reference to consider in making policies related to sustainable agriculture.

Keywords: Sustainable Agriculture, Slopes, Lawu Mountain

I. INTRODUCTION

The average contribution of the agricultural sector to the Indonesian economy during the 2014 – 2018 period was 13.25%, this is much lower than the average contribution of the manufacturing sector which reached 20.52%. Meanwhile, in terms of production, the tendency of the agricultural sector production index to increase during the 2014- 2018 period. However, the standard of the contribution and the production index only reflects the economic dimension of agriculture and does not reflect “sustainable” agriculture (Muhammad Fajar,2019).
Agricultural development in Indonesia is directed towards sustainable agriculture development, as part of the implementation of sustainable development. Sustainable agricultural development (including rural development) is an issue of strategic importance that is of concern and discussion in all countries today. Apart from being a goal, sustainable agricultural development has also become a paradigm for agricultural development patterns (Rudi S.R., 2011).