Assessment of Causative and Preventive Measures of Flood Menace in Urban Zaria L.G.A of Kaduna, State Nigeria

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume II, Issue VI, June 2018 | ISSN 2454-6186

Assessment of Causative and Preventive Measures of Flood Menace in Urban Zaria L.G.A of Kaduna, State Nigeria

Mu’azu Audu Zanuwa1, Lukman Abdulmumin2 and Jabir Abdulkadir3

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1Department of Geography Federal University of Kashere, Gombe State, Nigeria
2 & 3Department of Geography and Environmental Management, Faculty of Physical Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria
Corresponding Author: Mu’azu Audu Zanuwa

Abstract:-Globally, flooding is one of the environmental problems that affect countries of the world, most especially developing countries. Flood has become more frequent and of increasing severity resulting to loss of life, injury, homelessness, damage to infrastructure and environment as well as impacting on other critical sectors such as education and agriculture in urban Zaria of Kaduna state, Nigeria. The study assessed the causative and preventive measures of flooding in Urban Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. The study adopted quantitative approach, purposive sampling techniques was used to select five communities (Hanwa, Magume, Tudun-jukun, Muchia and Gyallesu). Descriptive statistics and Likert Rating System were used to analyse the data. The study revealed that flooding is a yearly occurrence (76.6%). More so, 70.5% of the respondents reported that flooding occurred mostly in the rainy season in urban Zaria within august to September. The respondents identified heavy rainfall and blocking of drainage systems with waste as the major causes of flooding in the study area. Also 33.3% of the respondents revealed that flooding caused extensive damage on infrastructures like roads, schools and houses in the communities impacting negatively on the delivery of services such as health and education in the study area. In line with the findings, the study recommends that flood zoning ordinances and land use control acts should be enacted by the state and local government. And flood forecasting should be well intensified with standard modern techniques for predicting the occurrence of flood to averting flooding in low lying areas of urban Zaria.

Keywords: Flood, Menace, Infrastructures, Causative Factors, Preventive Measures