Climate Change Resilience of Farmers of South West Coastal Bangladesh

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume III, Issue IX, September 2019 | ISSN 2454–6186

Climate Change Resilience of Farmers of South West Coastal Bangladesh

Md. Abdur Razzaque, Muhammed Alamgir

IJRISS Call for paper

Department of Civil Engineering, Khulna University of Engineering & Technology, Khulna-9203, Bangladesh

Abstract-Resilience and vulnerability are very much interlinked with each other in context of climate change. Resilience is measured by subtracting indexed vulnerability from ability to absorb shocks. Multiple regression analysis is used to identify determinants of resilience. It is observed that resilience index is the highest for households that have lower vulnerability and decreases slightly with increasing vulnerability. About 11% of households have very high resilience while around 9% has very low resilience to climate change. Multiple regression analysis has showed that land holding, livestock, income from agriculture, radio/mobile, irrigation, saving, infrastructure like school and market significantly increases the resilience. The increase in land holding, on-farm and off-farm income, livestock and radio/mobile possession will increase the resilience with the coefficient of 0.47, 0.82, 0.96, 0.51 and 0.2 respectively having p-value of 0.00. Saving money will significantly increase the resilience with the coefficient of 0.11 and p-value of 0.09, nearness of infrastructure like school and market will significantly increase the resilience with the coefficient of -0.18 and -0.17, respectively with p-value of 0.03 and 0.02. The analysis shows that analyzing only from the perspective of vulnerability will only show the households as mere sufferer but will not capture their capability. Further understand from resilience point of view will also capture their capability to observe those shocks.

Keywords- Climate Change, Vulnerability, Resilience, Regression analysis, Farmers, Southwest coastal Bangladesh

I. INTRODUCTION

Climate change is posing challenges to human as well as natural system especially in the least developed countries. The impact of climate change differs according to different regions and environmental condition. The developing countries are more vulnerable to climate change as they lack resources for adaptation [1]. Vulnerability is not only dependable on the effect of climatic stress but also on socio-economic structure, which mainly contributes to adaptive capacity and sensitivity [2].