Comparative Studies on the Growth and Yield of Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) var PLR 2 based on Bioinoculants and Inorganic Fertilizers

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume V, Issue III, March 2018 | ISSN 2321–2705

Comparative Studies on the Growth and Yield of Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) var PLR 2 based on Bioinoculants and Inorganic Fertilizers

D.Ananda Kumar *, K.Sivakumar And E.Mariyappan

IJRISS Call for paper

  1Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar – 608 002, Tamilnadu, India

 

Abstract:-To study Comparative studies on the growth and yield of Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) var PLR 2 based on Bioinoculants and inorganic fertilizers. Bioinoculants and inorganic fertilizers to boost the productivity potential of yield of Brinjal. Significant difference in all parameter like plant height, number of leaves, leaf area and number of branches due to combined application of Bioinoculants and inorganic fertilizers. Maximum plant height 96.45 cm were observed in treatment 8 containing urea, super phosphate, Muriate of potash, AM Fungi, Phosphobacteria (Bacillus megaterium) (each 5g/pot). The maximum number of flowers 37 per plant was produced in T8 treatment and the maximum number of fruits 29/plant. The highest fruit weight was 90 g observed in T8 and leaf area fairly gives a good idea of photosynthetic capacity of plant. Significant difference s were noticed with regards to leaf area index among the treatments at all growth stages

Keyword: AM Fungi, Phosphobacteria and chemical fertilizers.

I. INTRODUCTION

Eggplant (Solanum melongena) or aubergine, is a species of nightshade, grown for its edible fruit. Eggplant is the common name in North America, Australia and New Zealand, but British English uses the French word aubergine. It is known in South Asia and South Africa as brinjal. Brinjal has an important nutritional value due to its composition, which includes minerals like potassium, calcium, sodium and iron (Mohamed et al.,2003; Raigon et al., 2008) as well as dietary fibre (Sanchez-Castillo et al.,1999).

It contains 92.7 per cent water, 4 per cent carbohydrates, 1.4 per cent protein, 1.3 per cent fiber, 0.3 per cent fats, 0.3 per cent minerals and vitamin A in a negligible quantity (Tindall,1978). The varities of Solanum melongena L.show a wide range of fruit shapes and colours, ranging from oval or egg –shaped to long club shaped and form white , yellow, green through degrees of purples pigmentation to almost black.