Effect of Partial Replacement of Soya bean (Glycin max) with African Locust Bean (Parkia biglobosa) on the Growth Performance and Carcass of Clarias gariepins Fingerlings

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume VI, Issue VII, July 2019 | ISSN 2321–2705

Effect of Partial Replacement of Soya bean (Glycin max) with African Locust Bean (Parkia biglobosa) on the Growth Performance and Carcass of Clarias gariepins Fingerlings

F. Eze

IJRISS Call for paper

Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Faculty of Marine Environmental Management, Nigeria Maritime University, Okerenkoko, Delta State, Nigeria

Abstract:- This study aims to evaluate the effect of utilizing Locust Bean (Parkia biglobosa) Seed Meal (LBSM) as an alternate protein source for Clarias gariepinus. The study was conducted in Nwochas Farm, Maiduguri. The experimental diets were formulated to contain LBSM at levels of 25%, 50%, 75% inclusions and were labelled as T2, T3, T4 respectively with diet T1 acting as control. All diets were formulated isonitrogenously using pearson square method with 35% Crude Protein. A 56 days feeding trial was conducted using Clarias gariepinus fingerlings which were randomly distributed in a 2m x 2m2hapas in earthen ponds in triplicates at a stocking rate of 20 fish per hapa. The experimental design was completely randomized. The fish were fed at 5% body weight twice daily. The proximate analysis of the diets and carcass composition of the diets and water quality parameters were determined. Data of each parameters were subjected to ANOVA while means of various results were compared at 5% level of significance. The results showed that there was no significant different (p<0.05) in Weight gain, Specific growth rate, Feed conversion ratio, Protein conversion rate and Conditional factor of fish fed LBSM diets. But there was significant different between fish fed with control and LBSM in percent survival value. This study indicate that LBSM can replace soya bean up to 50% in the diets of Clarias gariepinus  for optimum growth performance and nutrient utilization.

Keywords: Growth, Nutrient, LBSM, Feed, Protein

I. INTRODUCTION

For optimal health, fast growth and sustainable production of farmed fish, a balanced feed with a good physical and chemical characteristic (Eze and Eyo, 2018). Every living organism including fish requires food for growth, reproduction and maintenance of tissues. To sustain fish under culture, supplementation diet must be provided to complement natural feeds supply (Karapan Agbottidis, 2002). Fish is a reliable source of thiamine, riboflavin, vitamins A and D, phosphorus, calcium and iron (Eyo and Ekanem, 2011). One of the important factor to be considered by fish folks is to minimize expense and maximize profit at all level of production.