Impacts Socio-Economiques et Sanitaires de l’Exploitation des Fermes Intégrées à Dominance Piscicole dans la Commune d’Abomey-Calavi (Sud-Bénin)

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume VI, Issue III, March 2019 | ISSN 2321–2705

Impacts Socio-Economiques et Sanitaires de l’Exploitation des Fermes Intégrées à Dominance Piscicole dans la Commune d’Abomey-Calavi (Sud-Bénin)

Gyl FABADE2, Vifan EricSEBO1, Thierry HervéAZONHE2,3,4, Yannick ATIGLI 2

IJRISS Call for paper

1Ecole des Sciences et techniques du Bâtiment et de la Route (ESTBR/UNSTIM)
2Département de Géographie et Aménagement du Territoire (DGAT/FASHS/UAC)
3Institut de Géographie, de l’Aménagement du Territoire et d’Environnement (IGATE/UAC)
4Centre Béninois de Recherche Technique et d’Innovation (CBRSI/MESRS)

Abstract :- Satisfying the consumption needs of animal protein of halieutic origin poses enormous problems as well on the organizational level as social and economic. The present study was therefore analyzed by the socio-economic and sanitary producers of fish production at fish farms and / or farms with fish dominance in the Commune of Abomey-Calavi (Benin). In order to carry out this study, the methodology adopted revolves around the collection of data, their treatments and the analysis of the results. For field data collection, a sample of 54 farms including 29 integrated farms with fish dominance and 25 fish farms were identified. The economic analysis relied on revenue per production band, thanks to estimates of the flows reported by the operators. With regard to the health impacts of fish farming, they have been appreciated through the cross-analysis of farm activities and the types of diseases suffered by farmers. The results of the study show that farmers’ working conditions and farm activities vary from one farm to another. Overall, 63% of farms are mainly fish farms, 9.3% are livestock breeding, 25.9% mainly market gardening and 1.9% are mainly engaged in agriculture. In total, 100% of the farmers have a fish production unit in association with other productions. Factors such as income per production band and health constraints influence fish development in the study area.

Key words: Abomey-Calavi, exploitation, fish farms, main activity, socio-economic and health effects.

I. INTRODUCTION

Lescaptures des poissons sur les plans d’eau intérieurs décroissent de façon drastique et ne suffisent plus aux populations qui en font l’exploitation. Cet état de chose est liée d’une part, à l’utilisation des techniques et outils de pêche prohibés, et d’autre part, aux pollutions de ces plans d’eau (Sohouet al., 2009). Face à ces contraintes, une solution est mise en œuvre pour reconvertir les pêcheurs à la pisciculture. En effets, la pisciculture est un bon moyen pour suppléer aux produits de pêche, accroître les revenus des pêcheurs et acteurs piscicoles (FAO, 2003).