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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume VI, Issue VIII, August 2022 | ISSN 2454–6186

Is Ilm-ur-rijal a Science or is the criteria for the authenticity of hadiths?

Engr. Mohammad Ariful Islam
B.Sc. in EEE, Member-IEEE, Bangladesh

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: This article provides a details understanding in dealing with the issue of validity of hadith, the second source of ‘Islamic Shariah’-whether the ilm-ur –rijal could be considered as a part of science or not. The method for convincing the topic is based on the Holy Quran and Sunnah. It explains the importance of scrutinizing ‘isnad’ to follow the authentic hadith and thus to walk through the straightforward way (Siratool Mustaqim). For logical purpose, some aspects and methods of science have been explained. Foundation and method of ‘ilm-ur-rijal’have been discussed providing examples from the renowned ‘rijal’ books written by the early leaders (Imam) in the respective area. Common arguments supporting ‘ilm-ur-rijal’ are also mentioned.

Key-words: ilm-ur-rijal, isnad, Siqah, daeef, matrook, data-science, pseudo-science.

I. INTRODUCTION

The Almighty Allah has sent the mankind as His successor(Khalifa).In this examination hall of the world, He has revealed the Constitution of His commands, forbids, or rules and regulations(Wahi) in order to walk through the straightforward way(Siratool Mustaqim) in addition to has sent His Messengers and Prophets as the teachers or guides for the mankind. The final heavenly book, the Holy Quran and the last Prophet as well as His Messenger, Muhammad (SAW) is the Guide to walk through the straightforward way over the world until the final Day (Qiyamaat). According to the speech delivered on the day of farewell Hajj, the means to protect oneself from misguidance (the opposite or bypasses of siratool mustaqim), is keeping oneself adhered to the Holy Quran and Sunnah. To go on adhered to the Quran and Sunnah, one has to have a total collection/arrangement of the words and speeches delivered by the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) available (nearby hands) along with the way of justifying it-whether it’s intact or falsified. In his lifetime, the Prophet Muhammad has warned his followers of thirty liars (fake prophets). So, if the prophet is fake, then why isn’t hadiths?How should we verify those?Moreover, the Messenger of Allah(SAW) has warned of the dangerous outcome of giving the lie to him—their ultimate fate will be in the hell. Mentioned in Sahihul Bukhari as in hadith no.108: (38) Chapter: The sin of a person who tells a lie against the Prophet (saws)- Narrated Anas(radi.): The fact which stops me from narrating a great number of Hadiths to you is that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Whoever tells a lie against me intentionally, then (surely) let him occupy his seat in Hell-fire.”[Ref.1]. So, by analyzing the biographical information of the narrators of hadith as well as criticizing and appreciating