The Effect of Coordination and Balance toward Elementary Students’ Locomotor Ability age 7 to 10 in Lima Puluh Kota Regency

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume IV, Issue II, February 2020 | ISSN 2454–6186

The Effect of Coordination and Balance toward Elementary Students’ Locomotor Ability age 7 to 10 in Lima Puluh Kota Regency

Oktarifaldi*, Lucy Pratama Putri, Frizki Amra, Risky Syahputra, Syahrial Bakhtiar
 Faculty of Sport Science Padang State University, Padang, Indonesia

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Abstract— Based on preliminary studies, the problem in this study is the low level of elementary students’ locomotor ability in Lima Puluh Kota Regency. The authors presume students’ coordination and balance as influential factors. Therefore, this study aims to figure out the effect of coordination and balance toward the level of students’ locomotor abilities. Random sampling was employed to choose 125 students from grade 1, 2 and 3 as the sample of the study. The instrument used to obtain data on coordination is the cable jump test and one-foot stand balance while instrument to test the locomotor ability level is the Test of Gross Motor Development Second Edition (TGMD-2). The results show (1) coordination contributes 9.4%, (2) balance contributes 9.7%, and (3) the effect of coordination and balance on the level of locomotor ability of a student which a calculated value of 0.358> r table is 0.176 and a significant value ( Sig) is 0,000 smaller than the probability of 0.05 with a regression value of Y = 29.20 + 0.203X1 + 0.213X2. The results of this study indicate that the level of locomotor abilities possessed by elementary school students is influenced by their coordination and balance. To sum up, the better coordination and balance criteria they have, the better the locomotor ability level they are able to display.

Keywords – Coordination, Balance, Locomotor Ability.

I. INTRODUCTION

Basic movement must be carried out by children, adolescents and adults to affect the ability of physical activity [1]. The observation of students’ basic movement in tertiary level at semester July-December 2018 and January-July 2019 shows no more than 10% getting good score. This fact can be assumed that students’ basic movement is still far from the proper condition. The experts said that basic movement is the initial foundation which students must master to do more complex sports movements. Thus, if basic movements are taught to students surely complex sports movements will also be mastered well.