Volume IX Issue IV

Technical Evaluation of Cathodic Protection of Subsea Structures
Precious Chisom Jumbo-Egwurugwu, Franklin Okoro, Ibe Emmanuel, Obo-Obaa Elera Njiran April 2022 – Page No.: 01-05

This paper carried out the performance evaluation of cathodic protection in comparison with other corrosion prevention techniques based on factors like conductivity, maintenance requirement, cost, electrical continuity, and surface area of structure treated. In the course of the work, the comparative analysis of these techniques was carried out using a multi criteria analysis tool ‘TOPSIS’. After going through all the stages in the TOPSIS assessment, the best corrosion prevention technology with respect to all the considered criteria, which comprised of: treatment time, effectiveness, energy consumption, durability, economics and maturity is reinforcing materials with a TOPSIS score of 0.7745. The second-best technology is cathodic protection with a TOPSIS score of 0.6729, followed by surface treatment and coating with a TOPSIS score of 0.5903. Inhibitors came fourth with a TOPSIS score of 0.5897 while the worst technology per the analysis in this study is electrochemical chloride removal with a TOPSIS score of 0.2355.

Page(s): 01-05                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 April 2022

 Precious Chisom Jumbo-Egwurugwu
University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

 Franklin Okoro
CleanScript Group

 Ibe Emmanuel
University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

 Obo-Obaa Elera Njiran
University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

[1] Beg I. and Rashid T. (2014): multi-criteria trapezoidal valued intuitionistic fuzzy decision making with Choquet integral based TOPSIS, OPSEARCH, 51(1), 98-129.
[2] Bernhammer, L.O.; van Kuik, G.A.M.; De Breuker, R. (2016). Fatigue and extreme load reduction of wind turbine components using smart rotors. J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn. 154, 84-95.
[3] Chew, K.-H.; Tai, K.; Ng, E.Y.K.; Muskulus, M. (2016). Analytical gradient-based optimization of offshore wind turbine substructures under fatigue and extreme loads. Mar. Struct. 47, 23-41.
[4] Dong, W.; Moan, T.; Gao, Z. (2012). Fatigue reliability analysis of the jacket support structure for offshore wind turbine considering the effect of corrosion and inspection. Reliab. Eng. Syst. Saf. 106, 11–27.
[5] Gallego-Calderon, J.; Natarajan, A. (2015). Assessment of wind turbine drive-train fatigue loads under torsional excitation. Eng. Struct. 103, 189–202.
[6] Greene, R.; Devillers, R.; Luther, J.E.; Eddy, B.G. (2011). “GIS-based multi-criteria analysis”. Geography Compass. 5/6: 412–432.
[7] Herrmann, J.; Rauert, T.; Dalhoff, P.; Sander, M. (2016). Fatigue and fracture mechanical behaviour of a wind turbine rotor shaft made of cast iron and forged steel. Procedia Struct. Integr. 2, 2951–2958.
[8] Jang, Y.J.; Choi, C.W.; Lee, J.H.; Kang, K.W. (2015). Development of fatigue life prediction method and effect of 10-minute mean wind speed distribution on fatigue life of small wind turbine composite blade. Renew. Energy. 79, 187–198.

Precious Chisom Jumbo-Egwurugwu, Franklin Okoro, Ibe Emmanuel, Obo-Obaa Elera Njiran , “Technical Evaluation of Cathodic Protection of Subsea Structures” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.01-05 April 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-4/01-05.pdf

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Feature Extraction and Opinion Mining of Gujarati Language text
Himadri Patel, Bankim Patel, Kalpesh Lad April 2022 – Page No.: 06-10

The field of opinion mining has gained much popularity in last few years. Many new techniques and methods are being developed in different languages like English, Hindi etc. However, it is observed that there is no significant progress in the field of Opinion Mining for languages like Gujarati. The presented work uses a deep learning approach for the Opinion Mining of Gujarati language text. The paper also discusses feature extraction which is one of the most important steps in machine learning or deep learning method.

Page(s): 06-10                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 April 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9401

 Himadri Patel
Uka Tarsadia University

 Bankim Patel
Uka Tarsadia University

 Kalpesh Lad
Uka Tarsadia University

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Himadri Patel, Bankim Patel, Kalpesh Lad, “Feature Extraction and Opinion Mining of Gujarati Language text” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.06-10 April 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9401

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Fertilization test based on chicken manure and mycorrhiza on the growth parameters of Maize (Zea mays (L.)) in Yagoua, Far North-Cameroon
Ahmed Hamana, Bertrand Wang-Bara, David Amedep, Philémon Kaouvon, Sounou Paul Alioum April 2022 – Page No.: 11-16

Soils amendment by using organic manure and bio-fertilizers is a complementary to improve chemical fertilizer efficiency. This study was conducted in Yagoua, Far North region with objective to evaluate the responses of chicken manure and mycorrhiza application on growing of plants Maize. The soils were amended with 20 g of mycorrhiza, 50 g of chicken manure and 20+50g of effect combined mycorrhiza+chicken manure in comparison to the check (0g). The experimental design was the randomized block with 3 replications. Parameters evaluated are: germination rate, plants growth parameters and precocity.
The results showed that uses of different levels of fertilization on germination rates were significant (P<0.05) for all the levels of fertilizers compared to the control (87.5 %). It’s varying from 97.5 % for the chicken manure, followed by the effect of combined treatments (96.67 %) and bio-fertilizers with 94.17 %. Height of plants during vegetative (30th to 50th DAS) were most significant (P<0.05) by the use of organic manure as fertilization. Mycorrhiza and chicken manure as treatment was influenced the phenological stages of plants especially first flowering of plants days after sowing. Flowering of plants at 50 % was most favorable for the treatments based on the uses chicken manure and the combined effect of treatments (mycorrhiza+chicken manure).

Page(s): 11-16                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 01 May 2022

 Ahmed Hamana
Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), Regional Center of Maroua, Cameroon

 Bertrand Wang-Bara
Polyvalente Station of Agricultural Research, Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD) B.P: 415 Garoua, Cameroon.

 David Amedep
Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), Regional Center of Maroua, Cameroon

 Philémon Kaouvon
Polyvalente Station of Agricultural Research, Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD) B.P: 415 Garoua, Cameroon

 Sounou Paul Alioum
Polyvalente Station of Agricultural Research, Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD) B.P: 415 Garoua, Cameroon

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Ahmed Hamana, Bertrand Wang-Bara, David Amedep, Philémon Kaouvon, Sounou Paul Alioum, “Fertilization test based on chicken manure and mycorrhiza on the growth parameters of Maize (Zea mays (L.)) in Yagoua, Far North-Cameroon” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.11-16 April 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-4/11-16.pdf

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Mediating Effect of Customer Satisfaction on the Relationship between Service Quality and Customer Loyalty in the Ghana Banking Industry
Dr. Daniel Kasser Tee April 2022 – Page No.: 17-26

Understanding customer satisfaction and customer loyalty in banking remains critical as banks strive to attain high performance standards to justify their existence. The aim of this paper, therefore, was to determine the mediating role of customer satisfaction between its antecedent, service quality and its consequent, customer loyalty. Quantitative research method was employed to generate 850 usable questionnaires through systematic random sampling. A mediation effect investigation was done, using regression analysis to establish the interrelationships between the three study constructs. Overall, the study empirically tested and established interrelationships between the three variables in Ghana’s retail banking industry with satisfaction emerging as a strong mediator variable. Results of the study also revealed a positive and significant mediating role of customer satisfaction between service quality and customer loyalty. There were positive and significant relationships between service quality and customer satisfaction and between customer satisfaction and customer loyalty. The positive relationship between service quality and customer loyalty was insignificant. It is, therefore, concluded that, there is the need for banks to improve service quality at all levels, as the benefits to be derived are enormous, impacting strongly on customer satisfaction and weakly on customer loyalty.

Page(s): 17-26                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 01 May 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9402

 Dr. Daniel Kasser Tee
Adjunct Lecturer and Marketing & Corporate Communications Practitioner
Accra Institute of Technology (AIT) Accra-Ghana

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Dr. Daniel Kasser Tee, “Mediating Effect of Customer Satisfaction on the Relationship between Service Quality and Customer Loyalty in the Ghana Banking Industry” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.17-26 April 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9402

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Graphical Interpretation of the Slopes Used in the Derivation of Classical Fourth Order Runge-Kutta (RK4) Formula
Md. Azmol Huda, Mohammad Wahiduzzaman, Munnujahan Ara April 2022 – Page No.: 27-32

Many practical issues in science and engineering are formulated by ordinary differential equations (ODE) that require their own numerical solution. There are a variety of numerical approaches, e.g. the Euler method, the modified Euler method, the Heun’s method, the Adam-Bashforth method, and so on, that exist in the context of numerical analysis. Amongst them, the classical fourth order Runge-Kutta (RK4) technique is the most reliable and most used. The objective of this paper is twofold. The first goal is to derive the value of different parameters in the formulation of the fourth order Runge-Kutta method, and the second goal is to give details of the geometrical interpretation of this method, principally explaining the role of the increment parameters in the formula. The whole discussion will facilitate perception of the key mechanism of the Runge-Kutta method.

Page(s): 27-32                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 May 2022

 Md. Azmol Huda
Mathematics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh

 Mohammad Wahiduzzaman
Mathematics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh

 Munnujahan Ara
Mathematics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh

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Md. Azmol Huda, Mohammad Wahiduzzaman, Munnujahan Ara, “Graphical Interpretation of the Slopes Used in the Derivation of Classical Fourth Order Runge-Kutta (RK4) Formula” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.27-32 April 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-4/27-32.pdf

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Teachers’ Social Skills as Predictors of Effective Teaching of Phonetics and Phonology in Sandwich Programmes of Colleges of Education in South-West, Nigeria
Erinsakin, Martins Ojo Ph.D., Mr Omoluwa, Olusegun, Mrs. Ogundare, Fehintola Julianah, Mrs Olagoke, Caroline Olayinka April 2022 – Page No.: 33-37

The study was carried out on teachers’ social skills as predictors of effective teaching of phonetics and phonology in Sandwich programmes of South-West, Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was used. The study population comprised, English Language students of Sandwich programme of Colleges of Education in South-West, Nigeria. The sample size of the study was Four hundred and eighty (480) respondents selected from ten colleges of Education in South-West, Nigeria (Lagos, Ekiti, Ogun, Ondo, Oyo and Osun). From each of the ten selected colleges of Education, forty (40) English Language were selected through a simple random sampling technique. A self-developed research instrument by the researchers, titled on ‘Rating scale one Teachers’ social skills as predictors of effective teaching of phonetics and phonology in Sandwich programmes of Colleges of Education in South-West, Nigeria” The research instrument was modelled on four liker rating scale; strongly agree (SA), agree (A), strongly disagreed (SD), disagreed (D). The research instrument was validated by an expert in test and measurement while it reliability was obtained through test retest method at two weeks interval. 0.63 coefficient reliability was obtained. Data collected on the research question was analyzed using, descriptive statistics (frequency counts, simple percentages and mean), while data collected on research hypothesis analyzed through inferential statistics (spearman ranking correlation coefficient). Based on the findings of the study conclusion were made that teachers’ of English Language possessed skills for the teaching of sound, articulation and also effective mentors, while teaching words’ stress . Based on the conclusion, recommendation were made that; competence English language teachers should be employed to be teaching phonetics and phonology topics in Sandwich programmes of Colleges of Education in South-West, Nigeria. Also, language laboratory which is an essential resource centre should be provided for English Language Departments of the Colleges of Education in South West, Nigeria, and all tertiary institutions Department running English language programme .

Page(s): 33-37                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 May 2022

 Erinsakin, Martins Ojo Ph.D.
Department of Continuing Educaiton/ Adult and Non-Formal Education, Adeyemi Colege of Education, Ondo, Ondo State Nigeria

 Mr Omoluwa, Olusegun
Department of Educational Foundations Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria

 Mrs. Ogundare, Fehintola Julianah
Department of General Studies, Adeyemi Colege of Education, Ondo, Ondo State Nigeria

 Mrs Olagoke, Caroline Olayinka
Department of General Studies, Adeyemi Colege of Education, Ondo, Ondo State Nigeria

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Erinsakin, Martins Ojo Ph.D., Mr Omoluwa, Olusegun, Mrs. Ogundare, Fehintola Julianah, Mrs Olagoke, Caroline Olayinka, “Teachers’ Social Skills as Predictors of Effective Teaching of Phonetics and Phonology in Sandwich Programmes of Colleges of Education in South-West, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.33-37 April 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-4/33-37.pdf

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Assessment of Factors Affecting Performance of Agribusiness Enterprises in Somaliland
Samuel Otieno John April 2022 – Page No.: 38-43

In Sub-Saharan Africa, the agricultural sector remains to be the mainstay of the economies. The establishment of agribusiness opportunities offers widespread benefits in terms of food. This study aimed to examine the social, economic, technological, and environmental factors behind the deterioration of the agribusiness sector in Somaliland. The study administered semi-structured questionnaires to 96 respondents in the Gabiley district. The Linear regression results indicate that nine variables, namely; price fluctuation, prolonged drought spell, entrepreneurship training, access to extension services, capital, greenhouse technology, use of mobile money transfer, were statistically significant at 5%. However, four hypothesized variables; farm inputs, land size, education, and availability of farmers’ cooperative societies) were not statistically significant. The study recommends that Somaliland’s ministry of agriculture provide agricultural extension staff and capital to stimulate agribusiness development in the country.

Page(s): 38-43                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 May 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9403

 Samuel Otieno John
Moi University-Kenya, Department of Agricultural Economics and Resource Management in Collaboration with the Abaarso-Tech University and University of Hargeisa, Somaliland

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Samuel Otieno John, “Assessment of Factors Affecting Performance of Agribusiness Enterprises in Somaliland” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.38-43 April 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9403

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Water Consumption and Incidence of Dehydration on Workers Exposed to Heat Stress (Study in Tofu Industry Worker’s in Semarang Indonesia)
Ulfa Nurullita, Sinta Dwi Surya P, Mugram Rasyid Samual, Didik Sumanto April 2022 – Page No.: 44-47

Background: Heat stress exposure in the workplace that occurs continuously will affect the increment of fluid expenditure through sweat and if it is not accompanied by adequate fluid intake, it will cause dehydration. One of the workplaces that have a physical hazard in the form of heat stress is the tofu industry. Preliminary measurement results for all locations are above the threshold value limit.
Method: This descriptive study uses a cross-sectional approach, the sample is 31 workers in the tofu industry, Jomblang Village, Semarang Indonesia. The variables analyzed were the amount of drinking water consumption, the habit of drinking diuretic drinks, and the incidence of dehydration. Research instruments are questionnaires, beaker glass, urinometers, and cameras. Data analysis was carried out univariately.
Results: Heat stress averages 33.01°C, most workers are >40 years old (67,7%), 83.9% are male, water consumption (freshwater) averages 2,1 liter for 24 hours, and 87.1% have less water intake. 87.1% of workers have a drinking diuretic habit both at work and at home, with the most types consumed are tea and coffee. The urine specific gravity averages 1.016, a minimum of 1.009, and a maximum of 1.026 of which 58.1% is unhydrated.
Conclusion: Lack of drinking water consumption to replace body fluids lost through sweat due to heat stress will increase the specific gravity of urine. The specific gravity of urine can be an early marker of kidney problems.

Page(s): 44-47                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 May 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9404

 Ulfa Nurullita
Department of Environment of Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang, Indonesia

 Sinta Dwi Surya P
Student of Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang, Indonesia

 Mugram Rasyid Samual
Laboratory of Environment of Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang, Indonesia

 Didik Sumanto
Department of Epidemiology, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang, Indonesia

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Ulfa Nurullita, Sinta Dwi Surya P, Mugram Rasyid Samual, Didik Sumanto, “Water Consumption and Incidence of Dehydration on Workers Exposed to Heat Stress (Study in Tofu Industry Worker’s in Semarang Indonesia)” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.44-47 April 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9404

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Perspectives on the Utilisation of Football Facilities in Monze District
Fair Mweemba Hamusoogwa, Ferdinand Mwaka Chipindi April 2022 – Page No.: 48-53

Football facilities are an essential component of any society as it provides open spaces that help people, both old and young, develop physically. In addition, it provides space for recreation and space for various other activities that people carry out to have a balanced way of life. The purpose of the study was to investigate the utilisation of football facilities in selected clubs of Monze district, Zambia. A sample of 3 coaches, three club managers, one council planning officer, and three chairpersons was chosen from the three clubs and 30 athletes, i.e. ten from each club in the Monze district. The homogeneous purposive sampling technique was used to select a small number of athletes of the same characteristics from the same clubs. The study employed a descriptive research design where the qualitative method was used. Data were collected via face-to-face interview guide, focus group discussion guide, phone interview, observation checklist, and open-ended questionnaires. Qualitative data were analysed thematically. The research found that football facilities were utilised for various activities in the selected clubs. Such activities included International Teachers’ Day, International Nurse’s Day, and AIDS day. At times, the facilities were used for political campaigns by various political parties during the by-elections and general elections. The study recommended a need for football club maintenance to optimise the utilisation of football facilities in the community.

Page(s): 48-53                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 May 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9405

 Fair Mweemba Hamusoogwa
University of Zambia, Zambia

 Ferdinand Mwaka Chipindi
University of Zambia, Zambia

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Fair Mweemba Hamusoogwa, Ferdinand Mwaka Chipindi, “Perspectives on the Utilisation of Football Facilities in Monze District” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.48-53 April 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9405

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Decision Making and Machine Learning Algorithms’ Selection with Artificial Intelligent Rule-Based Expert System
Ismail Olaniyi MURAINA, Moses Adeolu AGOI, Benjamin Oghomena OMOROJOR, Akeem Ademola ADEDOKUN & Rasheed Olatunde AJETUNMOBI April 2022 – Page No.: 54-60

Everybody is confronted daily with cluster of decisions that must be appropriately taken in the process of making accurate decision; individuals are faced with and most often fall prey to series of common biases, fallacies, and many other decision making odds. In determining which algorithm to apply for analysis (with machine learning algorithms/models) open to critical steps to be taken and also highly depend on many factors ranging from the type of problem at hand, the condition to choose a model and to the expected outcomes. The study looks at how artificial intelligent approach with expert system would be helpful in making timely decision on which type of algorithm(s) is/are capable to be applied and implemented to have desired results. The study also uses VisiRule software to model series of successful channels to arrive at a good decision making means. The use of VisiRule (Artificial Intelligent Based Expert System) was employed to give directional path ways to the selection of appropriate algorithms from supervised and unsupervised machine learning to different classification methods, regression methods, clustering approaches, dimensionality reduction methods, and association rules. The outcome of this study demonstrates the easy way through paths to select relevant and most appropriate model or algorithm that best fit the analysis at hand with detailed explanation of each alternative option. The use of VisiRule software has proven the easy way to achieve decision making problems without any codes requirement for such actions. Decision making challenges could be resolved by just implementing artificial intelligent rule-based expert system which require less time, coding free, and highly achievable accurate outcomes.

Page(s): 54-60                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 April 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9406

 Ismail Olaniyi MURAINA
Computer Science Department, College of Information and Technology Education, Lagos State University of Education, Lagos Nigeria

 Moses Adeolu AGOI
Computer Science Department, College of Information and Technology Education, Lagos State University of Education, Lagos Nigeria

 Benjamin Oghomena OMOROJOR
Computer Science Department, College of Information and Technology Education, Lagos State University of Education, Lagos Nigeria

 Akeem Ademola ADEDOKUN
Computer Science Department, College of Information and Technology Education, Lagos State University of Education, Lagos Nigeria

 Rasheed Olatunde AJETUNMOBI
Computer Science Department, College of Information and Technology Education, Lagos State University of Education, Lagos Nigeria

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Ismail Olaniyi MURAINA, Moses Adeolu AGOI, Benjamin Oghomena OMOROJOR, Akeem Ademola ADEDOKUN & Rasheed Olatunde AJETUNMOBI, “Decision Making and Machine Learning Algorithms’ Selection with Artificial Intelligent Rule-Based Expert System” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.54-60 April 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9406

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Analysis of Muhammadiyah’s Policies in Using Islamic Banking Services in Indonesia
Anton Hindardjo, Tiolina Evi April 2022 – Page No.: 61-68

Muhammadiyah with it’s thousands of AUM as the source of Persyarikatan has economic cooperation and bargaining with the conventional banks. With the decree No.37/KEP/1.0/C/2012 about islamic banking partner, then Persyarikatan funds must be moved entirely to the banking partners in cash management service. This study attempts to know the degree to which the policy of Muhammadiyah is in the use of islamic banking. Data is collected from interviews with Mr. Mukhaer Pakkanna S.E., M.M. as vice chairman of majelis economic and entrepreneurship outlined by using as well as several other sources outlined by using qualitative analysis descriptive. The results show that AUM has used islamic banking despite in the use of service cash management has not been reached optimal. This is caused by several factors, the are: obscurity of the content and policies sanctions and lack of socialization deeply to the implementors, AUM management, and members of muhammadiyah overall. In addition, the use of islamic banking is not yet optimal because the bureaucracy structure of AUM which is related to the government and other stakeholder

Page(s): 61-68                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 May 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9407

 Anton Hindardjo
Department of Islamic Bank, STEI SEBI

 Tiolina Evi
Department of Accounting, Perbanas Institituteerbanas Institute, Indonesia

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Anton Hindardjo, Tiolina Evi, “Analysis of Muhammadiyah’s Policies in Using Islamic Banking Services in Indonesia” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.61-68 April 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9407

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Social Media Integration Into Contemporary Human Resource Management: A Qualitative Approach
Bello Deva Vincent April 2022 – Page No.: 69-72

This study explored the theme “social media integration into contemporary human resource management: a qualitative approach.” The study was guided by three research objectives which are;to determine whether human resource managers integrate social media in their practices; to ascertain the benefit of integrating social media into human resource management and to determine challenges associated with the integration of social media into human resource management. The study was built on the Theory of Creative Destruction and the population of the study comprised of human resource managers and academicians within Yola metropolis. The study adopted dual research methods which are the in-depth interview and integrative literature review design. The researcher interviewed human resources managers and academicians that specialized in human resource management until the results reachedsaturation point. Findings revealed that human resource managers have incorporated social media into contemporary human resource management. It was also found that social media platforms offer lots of benefits to human resource managers in their professional practices. However, it was unraveled that there are quit a several disadvantages associated with the integration of social media into contemporary human resource management even though the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Therefore, it was recommended among other things that there is the need for managers of human resources to be aware of the right limits and boundaries when it comes to using social media for their professional practices.

Page(s): 69-72                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9408

 Bello Deva Vincent
Associate Professor, Department of Business Administration, Modibbo Adama University, Yola, Nigeria

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[5] Djabanor, A. (2019). Social Media as a Public Relations Tool: A Study of MTN Ghana and Vodafone Ghana (Doctoral dissertation, University of Ghana).
[6] Inya, A. E. (2017). Influence of Social Media on Public Relations Practices in Universities in South-East, Nigeria. Global Journal of Human-Social Science Research.
[7] SHRS (2016) Managing and Leveraging Workplace Use of Social Media. https://www.shrm.org/resourcesandtoosamples/toolkits/pages/managingsocialmedia.a spx
[8] Wigmore (2013), creative destruction. Retrieved from https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/creative-destruction
[9] Williams, L. A. (2017). Social Media Transformation of Human Resource Management. Retrieved from https://aquila.usm.edu/honors_theses/476

Bello Deva Vincent , “Social Media Integration Into Contemporary Human Resource Management: A Qualitative Approach” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.69-72 April 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9408

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Towards Sustainable Design: Influence of pandemics on Architectural Design and Urban Planning through the ages
Sofia Sebastian, Ravishankar K.R. April 2022 – Page No.: 73-76

In the history of the built environment, interior design and urban planning have always responded to epidemics by designing architecture and urban spaces to resist the different viruses and pathogens while preventing their spread. The architectural design strategies used in the past centuries, including Modernism, were a reaction to creating pandemic-free built forms and spaces, thus creating a healthy and sustainable built environment. The Italian piazzas, modernism, minimalism, decentralization of urban cities, urban renewal, etc. were a few of the design outcomes of a pandemic-resistant environment. This research study will help architects understand and evaluate the design strategies used to achieve a healthy, sustainable built environment, thereby adding progressive layers of protection against the virus. Future-built spaces must be designed by taking into account what we’ve learned from the past and moving in the right direction toward sustainability.

Page(s): 73-76                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9409

 Sofia Sebastian
University of Nizwa, Sultanate of Oman

 Ravishankar K.R.
University of Nizwa, Sultanate of Oman

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Sofia Sebastian, Ravishankar K.R., “Towards Sustainable Design: Influence of pandemics on Architectural Design and Urban Planning through the ages” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.73-76 April 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9409

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Heritage Expert’s Review of the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment Study Report for Proposed Palm Exotja Highrise Resort Project at Dabaso, Kilifi County, Kenya
Philip Mwasame Wanyama April 2022 – Page No.: 77-88

The study reviewed the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) study report for the proposed highrise resort development project in Kilifi County of Kenya. The proposal by M/S Palm Exotja Limited, P.O Box 347 Watamu, will involve the construction and operation of the ultra-modern tourist facility of 61 floors- Palm Exotja Highrise Resort at Dabaso, Watamu, in Kilifi County. This will be the tallest building in Kenya and perhaps in East African region. The ESIA study report prepared by Hannah M. Njoroge, Beatrice N. Karanja and Regina W. Gathuma (Registered EIA/EA experts), on behalf of the proponent was published by the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA). Comments were invited from the lead agencies and stakeholders on environmental management, as well as from the members of the public to register their concerns regarding this proposed development project. The national heritage resources in Kenya are protected by legislation and policies and wherever they are located, usually occur as part of the natural and human environment. This study was conducted as part of this EIA study report review process and culminated in National Museums of Kenya’s raising concerns over the likely negative impact of the proposed project activities to the national heritage resources of the proposed project area. The data for this review study were gathered through literature review and fieldwork at the site of the proposed project, at Dabaso, in Kilifi County. The preliminary fieldwork carried out at the proposed project area and findings of the review of the Kenya’s national legislation on heritage management, shows that the EIA study report does not address the possible negative impact of the proposed project to heritage resources of the study area. In conclusion, the study recommends that M/S Palm Exotja Limited carries out heritage impact assessment to address negative impact of the project activities to heritage of the study area. This study has implications not only, for the decision-making regarding the integration of national heritage concerns in the national development planning processes in Kenya, but also for the professional practice in heritage management authorities, institutions and individuals such as archaeologists, biologists, anthropologists, palaeontologists and historians among others, who have interest in the management of heritage resources.

Page(s): 77-88                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 May 2022

 Philip Mwasame Wanyama
Coastal Archaeology, National Museums of Kenya
P.O Box 82412 GPO 80100, Mombasa, Kenya

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Philip Mwasame Wanyama, “Heritage Expert’s Review of the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment Study Report for Proposed Palm Exotja Highrise Resort Project at Dabaso, Kilifi County, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.77-88 April 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-4/77-88.pdf

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Exchange Rate and Agricultural Exports: Evidence From Nigeria (1981-2019)
Joseph Olufemi OGUNJOBI, Olufemi Adebayo OLADIPO (PhD), Oluwasegun ESEYIN, Olaoluwa OPAOLA, Ishola James ARANSIOLA (PhD) April 2022 – Page No.: 89-101

Exchange rate has become one of the major issues Nigerian economy has been confronted with in the recent times especially since one of the goals of all economies is to have a stable exchange rate. The concept of exchange rate was introduced into the analysis of economic growth and development. This study examined the impact of exchange rate on agricultural exports in Nigeria from 1981 to 2019. The Auto regressive distributed lag (ARDL) model and Granger causality test were employed as analytical tools to test for the existence of a relationship between the variables. This research generally places importance on the effect of interest rate, exchange rate, total exports, inflation rate and loans to the agricultural sector on agricultural exports. However, it is mainly concerned with the relationship between exchange rate and agricultural exports. The study establishes that exchange rate significantly affects agricultural exports and there is no causality between them. By implication, exchange rate has a direct or positive relationship with agricultural exports in Nigeria in the long run. This therefore implies that an increase in exchange rate will lead to an increase in the level of agricultural exports in the long run.

Page(s): 89-101                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 May 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9410

 Joseph Olufemi OGUNJOBI
Doctoral School of Agricultural and Water Sciences, National University of Agriculture of Kétou/ Benin
Department of Economics, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria

 Olufemi Adebayo OLADIPO (PhD)
Department of Accounting and Finance, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria.

 Oluwasegun ESEYIN
Department of Economics, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria

 Olaoluwa OPAOLA
Department of Economics, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Nigeria

 Ishola James ARANSIOLA (PhD)
Department of Business Administration, Thomas Adewumi University, Oko, Kwara State, Nigeria.

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Joseph Olufemi OGUNJOBI, Olufemi Adebayo OLADIPO (PhD), Oluwasegun ESEYIN, Olaoluwa OPAOLA, Ishola James ARANSIOLA (PhD) , “Exchange Rate and Agricultural Exports: Evidence From Nigeria (1981-2019)” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.89-101 April 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9410

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Paninjauan Ecopark: Ecopark as An Offer of Academic Concept based on Muhammadiyah’s Approach
Dr. Zalzulifa, M.Pd, Anggun Gunawan, S.Fil., M.A., Ismayasin, S.T. April 2022 – Page No.: 102-109

Paninjauan is one of the villages included in the X Koto sub-district, which is the westernmost sub-district of the Tanah Datar Regency, which borders Agam Regency, West Sumatra Province, Indonesia with beautiful views leading to Singkarak Lake which is the second largest lake on Sumatra Island. . On November 21, 2021, the Muhammadiyah Paninjauan Branch Leader was given the mandate of a 5 ha waqf land by the local Walinagari. The land is planned for the development of a natural environment of green open space in the form of an ecopark in collaboration with a Muhammadiyah university which has a Faculty of Tourism and/or Creative Economy. The method used in this research is a literature review by taking the views of Mousa Shakeri, et al (Professor of Iranian Architecture) regarding Eco-Park Design and Dimitrios Diamantis (researcher at Les Roches Management School, Tourism Research Center, Switzerland) related to the concept of ecotourism which is then combined with the mission and vision of the Faculty of Tourism and Creative Economy which is owned by Muhammadiyah. The concept offered for the Ecopark Review is EDIBRACONEMS (Educatings | Innovatings | Bridgings | Brandings | Actuatings | Collaboratings | Networkings I Modelings I Servings) which is an ecopark in the format of a tourist village with the establishment of a series of educational institutions (schools of nature) based on the creative economy to produce various innovations in 16 sub-sectors of the creative economy, placing Muhammadiyah universities as consultants and facilitators as well as collaborators for learning forums for students of the Faculty of Tourism and Creative Economy of Muhammadiyah Higher Education, where local communities get a central place through PAIYO Brand which has 12 business channel as a facility that can be enjoyed by the ecopark visitors.

Page(s): 102-109                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 May 2022

 Dr. Zalzulifa, M.Pd
Polimedia/Dean of Tourism and Creative Industry Faculty,
Tangerang Muhammadiyah University

 Anggun Gunawan, S.Fil., M.A.
Lecturer, State Polytechnic of Creative Media, Jakarta

 Ismayasin, S.T.
Architect PT. Urbane Indonesia

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Dr. Zalzulifa, M.Pd, Anggun Gunawan, S.Fil., M.A., Ismayasin, S.T., “Paninjauan Ecopark: Ecopark as An Offer of Academic Concept based on Muhammadiyah’s Approach” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.102-109 April 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-4/102-109.pdf

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Evaluation and Optimization of the Physical and Sensory Properties of Enhanced Bread Produced From Wheat Flour and Chemically Modified African Yam Bean and Cassava Starches
Elemuo, Godswill Kodili; Obasi, Nneoma Elechi April 2022 – Page No.: 110-123

Composite breads were made by supplementing wheat flour with chemically modified African yam bean and cassava starches after the flour – starch blends were produced from the cleaned seeds and roots using hammer milling system. Three mixture components were obtained from the D-optimal mixture design of Response Surface Methodology (RSM). The physical and sensory properties of the bread was determined and subjected to statistical analysis of variance (ANOVA) using cubic models to generate the regression equations from the experimental values. The linear, binary and ternary effects of the dependent responses and their interactions was generated and graphically represented using 3D response surface plots. The developed models were tested for adequacy and validated using criterion at p<0.05, non significant (p>0.05) lack-of-fit (LoF), >0.7 adjusted R2 and >4 adequate precision to confirm adequate model signals. The numerical optimization outcomes had the desirability value of 0.86 depicting the ideal value. The optimized values for the optimum blends selected were 80.15 g wheat flour, 11.23 g African yam bean starch and 8.53 g cassava starch which will give the best composite flour -starch blends for enhanced bread products. The optimization was confirmed by performing confirmatory runs determining the 95 % confidence levels of the blends. The D – optimal mixture design of response surface methodology with three experimental components was adequate (propagated the design space) in evaluating and optimizing of the dependent responses tested; bread height, oven spring, loaf weight, loaf volume, specific volume and bulk density, appearance, crumb and crust, taste, aroma and acceptability.

Page(s): 110-123                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 May 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9411

 Elemuo, Godswill Kodili
Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria

 Obasi, Nneoma Elechi
Department of Food Science and Technology, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State. Nigeria.

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Elemuo, Godswill Kodili; Obasi, Nneoma Elechi, “Evaluation and Optimization of the Physical and Sensory Properties of Enhanced Bread Produced From Wheat Flour and Chemically Modified African Yam Bean and Cassava Starches” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 4, pp.110-123 April 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9411

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