Volume IX Issue V

Public Private Partnership in Tourism Development at Timor Tengah Selatan Regency
Frans Gana, Elly Lay, Fred Dethan, Antonius Talupopo May 2022 – Page No.: 01-08

This study aims to describe the public private partnership model in tourism development in Timor Tengah Selatan (TTS) Regency. The research approach using qualitative methods, with documentation, observation, in-depth interviews, and literature review techniques. The research findings show that the tourism development policy of the Timor Tengah Sealatan
Regency is realized in the form of the TTS Regency Regulation Number 3 of 2018 concerning the South Timor Regency Tourism Development Master Plan. Empirical facts show that there are external dynamics in the form of conflicts of interest and internal dynamics of the bureaucracy in tourism development in TTS Regency. Public private partnerships in tourism development in TTS Regency are mainly still dominated by the government, where partnerships with the private sector are based on an explicit written contractual mechanism, while partnerships with the community are more prominent using implicit contractual mechanisms on the basis of trust according to the context of the local community. It is necessary to develop a public private partnership pilot project in tourism development that refers to Regional Regulation No. 3 of 2018. The implication of this research is that public private partnership which refers to the concept of new public management theory on the basis of a combination of administration, management, law and economic theories, for example, must be based on also on social capital as local wisdom and value systems that develop in the community according to the context such as meup tabua and nekmese as they live and develop in the TTS community.

Page(s): 01-08                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 May 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9501

 Frans Gana
Department of Business Administration Nusa Cendana University, Indonesia

 Elly Lay
Department of Business Administration Nusa Cendana University, Indonesia

 Fred Dethan
Department of Business Administration Nusa Cendana University, Indonesia

 Antonius Talupopo
Department of Business Administration Nusa Cendana University, Indonesia

[1] Biljana Rc., and Tamara R., 2011., Public-Private Partnership as an Instrument of New
[2] Central Statistics Agency (BPS) TTS Regency in Figures, 2019
[3] Christie, Ian T, and Crompton, D. Elizabeth., 2003, Republic of Madagascar: Tourism Sector Study, Africa Region Working paper series no. 63. World Bank, Washington, DC.
[4] Dias, Ch, V., 2014, Public Private Partnership – An Opportunity For GOA
[5] Tourism Office (unpublished document)., 2022, Tourist Visit Report and Local Revenue
[6] Djabbari, MH, Alwi, Saddam Husain T., 2021, Implementation of Public Private Partnership in Tourism Development in North Toraja Regency, Journal of Policy Analysis and Public Service JAKPP, journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php./jakpp, Volume 7 No.1, June 2021
[7] Fanggidae, A.H.J., 2016, Ecotourism Corridor Development Based on Regional Strategic Potential in Rote Ndao Regency, Journal Of Management (SME’s) Vol.3. No.2. 2016. p237- 261
[8] Fanggidae, A.H.J., 2018, Tourism Industry Strategy in Increasing Tourist Visits in East Nusa Tenggara, Journal Of Management (SME’s) Vol.7. No.2. 2018. p287- 300
[9] Gamal, S., 2004, Fundamentals of Tourism, Andi Yogyakarta Publisher
[10] Gana, F., 2015, A Model-Ecotourism Development Based on Regional Strategic Potential: A Case Study In Rote Ndao East Nusa Tenggara, International Journal of Business, Management and Economic Research, ISSN 2349 – 2333 Volume 2, Number 1 (2015) , pp.39 – 64, http://www.irphouse.com
[11] Graci, S., 2013, Collaboration and Partnership Development for Sustainable Tourism, Tourism
[12] Ikram, M., 2018, Public Private Partnership in Tourism Potential Development in Kuantan Singingi Regency 2011 – 2015, JOM FISIP Vol.5 No.1 – April 2018
[13] Kriswibowo, Arimurti, Eko Arum Pramestya, Khusnul Prasetyo (2020)., Implementation of Public Private Partnership in Development of Tourism in Sumenep District, Scientific Journal of Public Administration:
[14] Lay, E., Fred M. Dethan., Erna Giri and Frengky Dupe., Determinants of Revisit Intention, Study on Local Tourist at Timor Tengah Selatan Regency, International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) Volume VIII, Issue XII, December 2021/ISSN 2321 – 2705
[15] Muntasib, E.K.S, Arzyana Sunkar, and Resti Melani., 2017, Community Social Capital In Ecotourism
[16] UU no. 10 of 2009 concerning Tourism as a revision of Law no. 9 of 1990 Tourism
[17] marine. P. 2009. Public Private Partnership for Urban Utilities: Review of Experience of Developing Countries. The World Bank. Washington DC.
[18] Mulyani, S., 2021., Critical Success Factor in Public-Private Partnership, Journal of Accounting Auditing and Business – Vo.4, No.1, 2021
[19] Sunaryo, B., 2013, Tourism Destination Development Policy Concepts and Applications in Indonesia, Gava Media, Yogyakarta.

Frans Gana, Elly Lay, Fred Dethan, Antonius Talupopo, “Public Private Partnership in Tourism Development at Timor Tengah Selatan Regency” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 5, pp.01-08 May 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9501

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Development of a Four-Row Tractor Mounted Soybean Planter
Hammanadama Faruk Abubakar, Maiwada Liman Suleiman, Aminu Saleh May 2022 – Page No.: 09-14

The traditional method of planting soybean in Nigeria does not result in obtaining maximum yield of the crop per hectare. This is due to either incorrect number of plants per stand, incorrect plant to plant spacing or incorrect row to row spacing. This research work was embarked upon to develop a Four-Row Tractor Mounted Soybean Planter. The planter was designed, fabricated and evaluated in Agricultural and Bio-Resources Engineering Department, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, during 2021 raining session. The planter has the functional units of four hoppers, four seed metering units, four delivery chutes, four furrow openers, and four soil covering devices. The developed planter was evaluated in both laboratory and in the field in terms of planting speed, seedling emergence, plant-to-plant spacing, seed delivery rate, number of seeds per hole and percent seed damage. The laboratory test of the planter shows that it delivered one (1) single seed per hole of TGX 1951-3F variety of soybeans and two (2) seeds per hole of TGX1448-2F varieties of soybeans respectively. The plant to plant spacing average was 5.7 cm within row, and 50 between rows. The results obtained also showed that the seed delivery rate was 48.2kg/ha, field efficiency of 75.5%, effective field capacity of 0.792 ha/ha while the tractor was powered with 50 hp tractor (EICHER 5660). We conclude that the planter was able to satisfy the agronomic requirements for soybean planting, and thus will relieve medium scale farmers of the rigors involved in soybean planting.

Page(s): 09-14                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 01 June 2022

 Hammanadama Faruk Abubakar
Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola, Nigeria

 Maiwada Liman Suleiman
Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

 Aminu Saleh
Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

[1] Alhassan, E. A., & Adewumi, A. (2018). Development of a self-propelled multi-crop two rows precision planter : a new design concept for the design of planter.October, 2018. Page 349-358
[2] Ani OAB, Uzoejinwa B & Anochili N.F.(2016). Design, construction and evaluation of a vertical plate maize seed planter for gardens and small holder farmers. Nig. J. Techn. (NIJOTECH), 35(3) page: 647 – 655.
[3] Biam, C. K., & Tsue, P. T. (2013). Profitability of Soyabean Production by Small Holder Farmers in Nigeria : A Guide for Sustainable Food Security .5(30), page:89–97.
[4] Bamgboye, A., and Mofolasayo A..(2006). Performance evaluation of a tomorrow okra planter. CIGR Journal. Manuscript PM 06 002. Vol. VIII. July, 2006.
[5] Celik A, Ozturk I and Way T R (2007) Effects of various planters on emergence and seed distribution uniformity of sunflower. App Engg Agri 23 (1) page:57-61.
[6] Dugje IY, Omoigui LO, Ekeleme F, Bandyopadhya R, Lava Kumar P & Kamara AY 2009. Farmers’ Guide to Soybean Production in Northern Nigeria. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria, page: 21.
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[8] Gupta, C. P. and TotokHerwanto.1992.” Design and development of a direct paddy seeder. Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Vol.23, No. L, Page: 23-27.
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[11] Ikechukwu IB, Agidi G & Ikechukwu C.U (2014). Design and fabrication of a single row maize planter for garden use. J. Advan. in Engr. Techn., 1(2): 1-7.
[12] Isiaka M., Suleiman M. L, El-Okene A. M. I. and Muhammad U. S (2001). Development of two-row animal drawn seed planter; Savannah Journal of Agric. Mechanization 2(1) page 25
[13] Kalay Khan. Moses S. C, Ashok Kumar. (2015) The Design and Fabrication of a Manually Operated Single Row Multi -Crops Planter, IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary science (IOSR-JAYS), 8(1.0): page I47-I58
[14] Karayel D. WiesehoffM, Ozmerzi A, Miiller J(2006). Laboratory measurement of seed drill seed spacing and velocity of fall of seeds using high-speed camera system. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture; 50(2): ’89-96.
[15] Khurmi. R. S. and Gupta. J. K(2005) “A Textbook of Machine Design ” 14th. revised edition. Chapters 2, 14 and 18. S. Chand & Company Ltd., Ram Nagar, New Delhi-110055, pp. 434-960
[16] Maduako J. N and Hannan M. (2004) Determination of some physical properties of three groundnut varieties, Nigerian Journal of Technology. 24(2):12-18
[17] Muhammad, G. (2010) Landslide susceptibility mapping to inform land use management decision in an altered climate. MSc. Thesis submitted to the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Washington State University, U. S. A page 21.
[18] Murray. J. R., Tullberg, N.J., and Basnet, B. B.(2010), “Planters and their components; types, attributes, functional requirements, classification and description,” Australian center for international agricultural research (ACIAR) monograph 121. 200
[19] N.C.R.P.S (1988): National Coordinated Research Project on soybean, Proceedings of 8th Annual National soybean Conference at Makurdi, Nigeria. Page 55.
[20] Olajide O. G & Manuwa S. I( 2014). Design, fabrication and testing of a low-cost row-crop planter for peasant farmers. Proceedings of the International Soil Tillage Research Organisation (ISTRO) Nigeria Symposium, Akure 2014 November 3 – 6, Akure, Nigeria, pp. 94–100.
[21] Soyoye B. 0..Ademosun .O. C., and Olu-Ojo E,.O.. (2016)’.Manually operated vertical seed- plate maize planter. Agricultural Engineering International :CIGR Journal. 18( I4);70-80
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Hammanadama Faruk Abubakar, Maiwada Liman Suleiman, Aminu Saleh, “Development of a Four-Row Tractor Mounted Soybean Planter” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 5, pp.09-14 May 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-5/09-14.pdf

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Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Wave Modes in Coronal Loops
Chuwudi F. Asara, Chigozie Israel-Cookey, Mathew A. Alabraba, Onengiyeofori A. Davies May 2022 – Page No.: 15-21

In this research work, we present results of modelling the vertical displacement and velocity of the standing MHD wave modes in coronal loop using Euler-Cauchy’s numerical solution to differential equation solver by the application of JavaScript code. The result of the JavaScript code was plotted which shows a vertical displacement and time characteristics and also velocity and time characteristics of MHD wave modes. These characteristics led to the identification of three MHD wave modes, which are; Kink (or transverse) wave mode, sausage wave mode and torsional (or Alfven) wave mode and their role to coronal heating. The vertical displacements and velocities of these identified MHD wave modes in the coronal loop are indicative of an increase in the amplitudes of the wave modes.

Page(s): 15-21                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 June 2022

 Chuwudi F. Asara
Physics Department, Rivers State University, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria

 Chigozie Israel-Cookey
Physics Department, Rivers State University, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria

 Mathew A. Alabraba
Physics Department, Rivers State University, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria

 Onengiyeofori A. Davies
Physics Department, Rivers State University, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria

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Chuwudi F. Asara, Chigozie Israel-Cookey, Mathew A. Alabraba, Onengiyeofori A. Davies, “Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Wave Modes in Coronal Loops” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 5, pp.15-21 May 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-5/15-21.pdf

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Teachers’ Experience and Motivation as Predictors of Students’ Achievement and Interest in Mathematics in Delta North Senatorial District, Nigeria
OKOYE, N.S and TANIMOWO, R. I May 2022 – Page No.: 22-29

This study examined teachers’ experience and motivation as predictors of students’ academic achievement and interest in mathematics in Delta North Senatorial District. Two research questions and two corresponding hypotheses that guided the study were answered and tested, respectively. The study employed the correlational research design. Three research instruments which are the Teachers’ Demographics and Motivational Level Questionnaire, Students’ Interest Questionnaire and Students’ Mathematics Achievement Score were used to collect the data analyzed for this study. The data obtained from the study were analyzed using, Canonical Correlation, Multiple Regression. The result obtained from the study revealed that Experience was found to be a significant predictor of students’ academic achievement in mathematics, but did not significantly predict student interest in mathematics. Motivation was also, a significant predictor of academic achievement, but not a predictor of student interest. The combination of the teacher variables highly predicted student academic achievement in mathematics and explained a very large variance in the dependent variable with Motivation being a higher unique contributor in the variance explained than teachers’ experience. The combination of the teachers’ variables did not significantly predict students’ Interest in mathematics. It was recommended that mathematics teachers that are experienced should be made to teach mathematics at the Senior Secondary level in schools and as much as possible, these teachers should be motivated (monetary and non-monetary) by their employers.

Page(s): 22-29                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 June 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9502

Department of Science Education, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria

Department of Science Education, Anchor University, Lagos, Nigeria

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[3] Alafiatayo, B.M., Anyanwu, R.I., &Salau, O.A. (2016). Effect of selected teachers’ abilities on students’ attitudes and academic performance in biology among secondary schools in Sabon-Gari Local Government Area, Kaduna State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME),6(2), 24-29.
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[13] Falola H.O., Ibidunni A. S., &Olokundun M. (2014). Incentives packages and employees’ attitudes to work: a study of selected government parastatals in Ogun State, South-West, Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (IJRBS), 3(1), 2147-4478.
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OKOYE, N.S and TANIMOWO, R. I, “Teachers’ Experience and Motivation as Predictors of Students’ Achievement and Interest in Mathematics in Delta North Senatorial District, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 5, pp.22-29 May 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9502

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The Influence of Leader Behaviour, Work Atmosphere, and Job Satisfaction on Employee Commitments in the Secretariat of the Regional House of Representatives
Ahmad Hudi Yamin; Setiyawan Setiyawan May 2022 – Page No.: 30-35

The success of the organization is determined by its employees’ commitments. Employees with a strong affective commitment are motivated to achieve greater levels of job performance and make meaningful contributions to the firm. This study focused on the effect of leader behavior, work atmosphere, and job satisfaction on employee commitment in the secretariat of the regional House of Representatives in Pasuruan, East Java, Indonesia. This study is quantitative approach and using explanatory research. Sample of this study is 28 employees. This research aims to analyze the partial and simultaneous influence as well as determine the dominant variable that influence the commitment of employees of the Secretariat of the Regional Representative Council of Pasuruan Regency. Based on this study, the conclusion obtained is that the normality test results are known that the data is distributed normally. This study found that leader behavior, work atmosphere, and job satisfaction simultaneously influence the employee commitment. Partially, only job satisfaction that influence the employee commitment. Both leader behavior and work atmosphere don’t have effect on employee commitment. This study also found that job satisfaction as a dominant variable that influence employee commitment.

Page(s): 30-35                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 June 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9503

 Ahmad Hudi Yamin
Postgraduate STIE Malangkucecwara Malang, East Java, Indonesia

 Setiyawan Setiyawan
Postgraduate STIE Malangkucecwara Malang, East Java, Indonesia

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Ahmad Hudi Yamin; Setiyawan Setiyawan, “The Influence of Leader Behaviour, Work Atmosphere, and Job Satisfaction on Employee Commitments in the Secretariat of the Regional House of Representatives” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 5, pp.30-35 May 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9503

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Boosting the Social Value of Mathematics Education: The way forward
Abraham Gyamfi May 2022 – Page No.: 36-39

Mathematics is a critical subject at the pre-tertiary level. Knowledge in mathematics is believed to be a key to solving societal problems. Many believe that the impact of mathematics is not felt in the society because there has not been much application of acquired knowledge in mathematics in solving societal problems. This paper seeks to throw more light on how to make education useful to society. Importance of mathematics education and the real problem of mathematics in respective to mathematics education as well as the way forward with mathematics education were highlighted.

Page(s): 36-39                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 June 2022

 Abraham Gyamfi
Wesley College of Education, Kumasi, Ghana, Department of Education

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Abraham Gyamfi, “Boosting the Social Value of Mathematics Education: The way forward” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 5, pp.36-39 May 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-5/36-39.pdf

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Factors influencing absenteeism in Lower Primary schools of Chibombo District in Central Province of Zambia
Lufeyo Chitondo May 2022 – Page No.: 40-47

Absenteeism is the practice of regularly staying away from work or school without good reasons while school absenteeism is learners’ habit of staying away from school without providing genuine reasons for not attending classes and has negative effects on learners’ academic performance. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess factors influencing absenteeism in Zambian schools. Four Head teachers, 16 teachers and 80 learners from the four lower primary schools in Chibombo district were sampled for the study. Data was collected using questionnaires and in-depth interviews to allow the researcher a platform to ask open-response questions and to explore the respondents’ perspectives about the factors influencing absenteeism in schools. The data was analyzed by use of the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) computer package. The study revealed factors such as; attitude, poor infrastructure, contact time, peer pressure, inferiority complex, underage, health, poor teaching methods, dual language, labeling, poverty have a negative or detrimental effect on learners’ academic performance. The study recommended that the Government through the Ministry of Education should come up with national wide education campaign programmes in school through school related activities to educate parents on the value of education for pupils.

Page(s): 40-47                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 June 2022

 Lufeyo Chitondo
Rockview University, Lusaka, Zambia

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[2] Balvin, R. and Ehrhch, S.B. (2018). Making sense out of incentives: A framework for considering the design, use, and implementation of incentives to improve attendance, Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 23, 93-106.
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Lufeyo Chitondo, “Factors influencing absenteeism in Lower Primary schools of Chibombo District in Central Province of Zambia ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 5, pp.40-47 May 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-5/40-47.pdf

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Facial Ultrasonography in acquired facial lipoatrophy
Hadi Khazaei M.D., M.S., M.C.R., Danesh Khazaei, Dawn Brundage, Shravani Mikkilineni M.D., Roger A. Dailey M.D., FACS. May 2022 – Page No.: 48-51

Facial lipoatrophy refers to the loss of adipose tissue and is manifested by flattening or indentation of the convex contours of the face while lipodystrophy is a wider term associated with abnormalities of fat tissue distribution and its metabolism, leading to excessive loss and/or accumulation of adipocytes.
Although the management of facial lipoatrophy is very important for a patient’s social life and mental health, no treatment framework has been developed due to the unknown nature of the disease manifestation. Early recognition and treatment of the active stage of connective tissue diseases is of essential significance in prevention of subsequent scarring and atrophic lesions. Diagnostic techniques such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonography (USG), are used to measure the severity of the lipoatrophy.
The present study was designed to provide sequential imaging to visualize the disease progression.

Page(s): 48-51                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 June 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9504

 Hadi Khazaei M.D., M.S., M.C.R.
Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, 97239, USA

 Danesh Khazaei
Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, 97239, USA

 Dawn Brundage
Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, 97239, USA

 Shravani Mikkilineni M.D.
Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, 97239, USA

 Roger A. Dailey M.D., FACS.
Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, 97239, USA

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[10] Bonnet E. New and emerging agents in the management of lipodystrophy in HIV-infected patients. HIV/AIDS 2010; 2:167-78. 10.

Hadi Khazaei M.D., M.S., M.C.R., Danesh Khazaei, Dawn Brundage, Shravani Mikkilineni M.D., Roger A. Dailey M.D., FACS., “Facial Ultrasonography in acquired facial lipoatrophy ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 5, pp.48-51 May 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9504

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The impact of IMSS pensions on Mexico’s public fi-nances
José Antonio Villalobos López May 2022 – Page No.: 52-64

The importance of the insured members of the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) can be appreciated because it has 20.6 million members as of December 2021, which represent 83.5% of formal employment in Mexico. Pensions and retirements under the transition regime of IMSS Law 73 (defined benefit) are be-coming one of the main problems facing national public finances. The liabilities of the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) in its IMSS-employer modality correspond to the equivalent of 11.9% of the GDP for the year 2021, while those of the IMSS-insurer is 44.1% of the GDP, adding both modalities, they reach 56% of the GDP. According to actuarial calculations, the maxi-mum point of public spending for pensions under the transition regime (defined benefit) will be reached in 2035. The replace-ment rate of a worker affiliated to the IMSS who contributed under Law 97 (capitalization regime) was only 25%; with the reforms made in December 2020, it is estimated that the re-placement rate will reach 60%. By the year 2019, the retirement fund administrators in Chile had resources equivalent to 80.8% of GDP; Uruguay 29.1%; Colombia 24%; Peru 22.8%; and Mex-ico 16.4% of GDP, which is a very low indicator compared to Latin American nations.

Page(s): 52-64                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 June 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9509

 José Antonio Villalobos López

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[24]. Nolasco, Santiago (2022). Se pensionan 27,300 de la primera gene-ración de afores: Consar [27,300 of the first generation of afores re-tire: Consar. El Economista. January 18, 2022. https://www.eleconomista.com.mx/sectorfinanciero/Se-pensionan-27300-de-la-primera-generacion-de-afores-Consar-20220118-0119.html
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[29]. Tableau Public (2022). Histórico de IMSS. Puestos de trabajo re-gistrados por los patrones en el Instituto Mexicano del Seguro So-cial. Rango salarial (en veces el salario) [IMSS history. Jobs regis-tered by employers with the Mexican Social Security Institute. Wage range (in times the wage). December 2021. https://public.tableau.com/app/profile/imss.cpe/viz/Histrico_4/Empleo_h?publish=yes
[30]. Varela, Rogelio (2021). Primeros jubilados AFORES [First AFO-RES retirees]. El Heraldo de México. Corporativo. June 22, 2021. https://heraldodemexico.com.mx/opinion/2021/6/22/primeros-jubilados-afores-308796.html
[31]. Vargas Mendoza, José (2019). El paquete económico para 2019 y las perspectivas de la economía mexicana [The economic package for 2019 and the outlook for the Mexican economy]. Economía In-forma UNAM. (416), may-june. http://www.economia.unam.mx/assets/pdfs/econinfo/416/04JoseVargasMendoza.pdf
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José Antonio Villalobos López , “The impact of IMSS pensions on Mexico’s public fi-nances ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 5, pp.52-64 May 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9509

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Work Engagement and Organisational Climate as Determinants of Counterproductive Work Behaviour among Civil Servants in Akwa Ibom State
Usen Essien Inyang, Hannah Etim Archibong May 2022 – Page No.: 65-69

Counterproductive work behaviours (CWBs) have detrimental effects on organisations. The cross-sectional study examined work engagement and organisational climate as determinants of counterproductive work behaviour among civil servants in Akwa Ibom State. Two hundred and eight (208) participants made up of 119 males and 89 females were conveniently selected from State Ministry of Education and Finance, Idongesit Nkanga Secretariat and Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Trade/Investment, Federal Secretariat, Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. Their ages ranged between 22 and 54 years and their mean age was 37.67 years. The study utilized a 2×2 factorial design. The Work Engagement Scale, Organisational Climate Scale and Counterproductive Work Behaviour Checklist (CWB-C) were the instruments used for data collection. A 2 x 2 Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was employed for data analysis. Results revealed that work engagement was a significant determiner of counterproductive work behaviour [F = (1,208) 8.27; P<.05]. Results also revealed that organisational climate was a significant determiner of counterproductive work behaviour [F = (1,208) 64.64; P<.05]. Result further revealed that there was no combined interaction influence of work engagement and organisational climate on counterproductive work behaviour [F= (1, 208), 1.86; P>.05]. It was recommended that organisations should set up teams that will train leaders on the best possible way to keep the work space positive and safe for everyone as it will help reduce counterproductive work behaviour among workers.

Page(s): 65-69                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 June 2022

 Usen Essien Inyang
Graduate Students, Department of Psychology, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria

 Hannah Etim Archibong
Graduate Students, Department of Psychology, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria

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[11] Patterson, M. G., West, M. A., Shackleton, V. J., Dawson, J. F., Lawthom, R., Maitlis, S., Robinson, D. L., & Wallace, A. M. (2005). Validating the organizational climate measure: Links to managerial practices, productivity and innovation. Journal of Organizational Behaviour, 26(4), 379–408.
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[16] Spector‚ P. E.‚ Bauer‚ J. A.‚ & Fox‚ S. (2010). Measurement artifacts in the assessment of counterproductive work behaviour and organisational citizenship behaviour: Do we know what we think we know? Journal of Applied Psychology‚ 95(4)‚ 781-790.

Usen Essien Inyang, Hannah Etim Archibong , “Work Engagement and Organisational Climate as Determinants of Counterproductive Work Behaviour among Civil Servants in Akwa Ibom State ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 5, pp.65-69 May 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-5/65-69.pdf

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Language Skills Acquisition as Determinants of Junior Secondary School Students’ Performance and Self-Efficacy in English Language
Babalola, J.O. (Ph.D.) & Ayodele, Ayoyinka Felix May 2022 – Page No.: 70-76

This study investigates the acquisition of language skills as determinants of Junior Secondary School Student’s competence and good performance in the use of English language in Ado Local Government. The purpose of the study is to identify the extent of students’ performance in English language, determine the impacts of language skills acquisition on students’ language delivery and to determine the impacts of language skills acquisition on students in English language as a tool of wider communication in Nigeria. The study employs the use of descriptive research of the survey type. The sample consists of 200 Junior Secondary School students in Ado Local Government. A well constructed questionnaire was administered to obtain information on relevant areas from the students. The findings reveal that without a good acquisition of the language skills, students would not have a good grasp of what is being taught in the class nor would they be able to participate meaningfully in any activity. It was therefore recommended that students should be exposed to tasks that will build their language skills.

Page(s): 70-76                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 June 2022

 Babalola, J.O. (Ph.D.)
Department of Arts & Language Education, Ekiti State University, Nigeria

 Ayodele, Ayoyinka Felix
Department of Arts & Language Education, Ekiti State University, Nigeria

[1] Babalola, J.O. & Awodun, A.O. (2015). Students’ attitude to the language of wider communication in a multilingual speech community. International Journal of Innovative Research & Development, 4 (1): 101-106
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[13] Li, G., Chen, W., & Duanmu, J-L. (2010). Determinants of international students’ academic performance: A comparison between Chinese and other international students. Journal of Studies in International Education, 14, 389-405.
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Babalola, J.O. (Ph.D.) & Ayodele, Ayoyinka Felix , “Language Skills Acquisition as Determinants of Junior Secondary School Students’ Performance and Self-Efficacy in English Language ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 5, pp.70-76 May 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-5/70-76.pdf

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Dual Quaternion Hardware Accelerator for RISC-V based System
Rajeshwari B, Rithvik Kumar, Shweta P Hegde, Manav Eswar Prasad, Vandhya D M, Bajrangabali B May 2022 – Page No.: 77-81

In this work, a hardware accelerator has been developed for a RISC-V processor. The ‘Parashu’ Shakti processor is the SoC of choice for application testing and development. The IP is designed to speed up applications involving dual quaternion operations. Our module primarily aids dual quaternion multiplication which further helps with other complex operations like translation, rotation and transformation. Two solutions have been proposed for the same, i.e. either a quaternion IP if power and resource utilization is a concern, or a dual quaternion IP if performance gain is the primary objective. The latter is however at the expense of relatively more resource utilization. The former IP takes longer execution time to perform the same task but is more versatile since it can be used in applications involving both quaternion and dual quaternion operations.

Page(s): 77-81                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 June 2022

 Rajeshwari B
Department of Electronics and Communication, PES University, India

 Rithvik Kumar
Department of Electronics and Communication, PES University, India

 Shweta P Hegde
Department of Electronics and Communication, PES University, India

 Manav Eswar Prasad
Department of Electronics and Communication, PES University, India

 Vandhya D M
Department of Electronics and Communication, PES University, India

 Bajrangabali B
Department of Electronics and Communication, PES University, India

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Rajeshwari B, Rithvik Kumar, Shweta P Hegde, Manav Eswar Prasad, Vandhya D M, Bajrangabali B , “Dual Quaternion Hardware Accelerator for RISC-V based System ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 5, pp.77-81 May 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-5/77-81.pdf

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Trade openness, Foreign Direct Investment, and Economic Growth in Nigeria
OTAPO, Toyin Waliu, USHIE, Paul Obogo May 2022 – Page No.: 82-89

The relationship between trade openness and foreign direct investment in the economic growth in Nigeria has been a subject of debate in most economic literature. The study, therefore, looked at the effect of trade openness and foreign direct investment on economic growth in Nigeria within a temporal scope between 1986 and 2021. The study made use of the Solow growth model and thus included the unemployment rate as a moderating variable along with the segregation of exports component of trade openness into oil and non-oil exports. The Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) was employed as the method of analysis and it was discovered that non-oil export had a positive and significant effect on economic growth while oil export had a positive but insignificant relationship with economic growth. The unemployment rate was found to have an insignificant and negative effect on economic growth in Nigeria. However, foreign direct investment was found to be positive and insignificant. The study also discovered that there is no long-run co-integrating equilibrium relationship between trade openness, FDI, unemployment rate, and economic growth. Thus it was suggested that there was a need for more funds to be allocated to the non-oil productive sector of the economy so as to boost productivity from the sector and as well as to reduce the unemployment rate

Page(s): 82-89                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 June 2022

 OTAPO, Toyin Waliu
Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria

 USHIE, Paul Obogo
Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria

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OTAPO, Toyin Waliu, USHIE, Paul Obogo , “Trade openness, Foreign Direct Investment, and Economic Growth in Nigeria ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 5, pp.82-89 May 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-5/82-89.pdf

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Physicochemical Properties of Gum Arabic Blended with Cassava Starch and Carboxymethyl Cellulose
Kuje O joseph, Bethrand T Nwufo, Moses T Langkuk, Valentine O Adole, Akaahimbe A Segun, Yusuf A Abdullahi and Salamatu U Mohammed May 2022 – Page No.: 90-94

In this study the physicochemical properties of gum arabic blended with cassava starch and carboxymethyl cellulose was analyzed. The results obtained showed that blending of gum arabic with cassava starch and carboxymethyl cellulose led to increase in moisture content, pH and ash content, with moisture content and some ash content values lying within WHO/FAO standards of not more than 15% and 2-4% respectively for gums. The results also revealed that blending of gum arabic with carboxymethylcellulose led to increase in viscosity and swelling index while blending with cassava starch led to decrease in viscosity and swelling index. These results suggest that blending of gum arabic with carboxymethyl cellulose and/or cassava starch can be used as modification method to tailor the properties of gum Arabic to specific applications, and as cost cutting measure, as carboxymethyl cellulose and cassava starch are cheaper than gum arabic.

Page(s): 90-94                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 June 2022

 Kuje O joseph
Chemistry Department, University of Jos, P. M. B 2084, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

 Bethrand T Nwufo
Chemistry Department, University of Jos, P. M. B 2084, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.

 Moses T Langkuk
Chemistry Advanced Research Center, Sheda science and technology complex (SHESTCO), P.M.B 186, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria

 Valentine O Adole
Chemistry Department, Nnamdi Azikiwe Univeristy, PMB 5025, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria

 Akaahimbe A Segun
Chemistry Department, University of Jos, P. M. B 2084, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.

 Yusuf A Abdullahi
Chemistry Department, University of Jos, P. M. B 2084, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.

 Salamatu U Mohammed
Chemistry Department, University of Jos, P. M. B 2084, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.

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Kuje O joseph, Bethrand T Nwufo, Moses T Langkuk, Valentine O Adole, Akaahimbe A Segun, Yusuf A Abdullahi and Salamatu U Mohammed , “Physicochemical Properties of Gum Arabic Blended with Cassava Starch and Carboxymethyl Cellulose” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 5, pp.90-94 May 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-5/90-94.pdf

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