Volume IX Issue VIII


Determination of Deoxynivalenol and Total Aflatoxin Levels in Commonly Traded Grains in The Commercial City of Katsina-Ala North-Central Nigeria
Adie, P. A., Yande, J. T, and Malu, S. P August 2022 – Page No.: 01-12

This study determined the total aflatoxin and deoxynivalenol levels in grains traded in the commercial city of Katsina-Ala, North-Central Nigeria, from 300 samples obtained from 30 composites, of 10 different locations, using the direct competitive Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Moisture content, total aerobic microbial count, mould count, coliform and Escherichia coli were determined using standard analytical methods. Mycotoxins were detected in all samples across the study locations; total aflatoxin ranged from 2.30 to 8.4 ppb, which were within the maximum limits for aflatoxins, deoxynivalenol (DON) concentration ranged from 2,900.00 to 8,400.00 ppb that was above the maximum limits. Moisture was high in all samples with content ranging from 9.0279 to 12.3851 %, microbial contamination was observed on the grains. It was also observed that, these grains were more predisposed to DON than aflatoxin, thus vulnerability of the grains to DON was in the order: sorghum > maize > millet, whereas total aflatoxin level was in the order: sorghum > millet > maize respectively. Pearson’s 2-tailed correlation at 0.05 level of significance revealed strong correlation of deoxynivalenol with moisture content across locations, while ANOVA at 5 % level of significance established the presence of mycotoxins and their precursors across the locations. This fundamentally, showed microbial tainting of these cereals in the study location indicating that farmers and marketers handle these grains in an unhygienic manner.

Page(s): 01-12                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 August 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9803

 Adie, P. A.
Analytical and Environmental Chemistry Research Group, Department of Chemistry, Benue State University, P. M. B. 102119, Makurdi, 970101, Nigeria.
Centre for Food Technology and Research (CEFTER), Benue State University, P. M. B. 102119, Makurdi, 970101, Nigeria.

 Yande, J. T
Analytical and Environmental Chemistry Research Group, Department of Chemistry, Benue State University, P. M. B. 102119, Makurdi, 970101, Nigeria.
Centre for Food Technology and Research (CEFTER), Benue State University, P. M. B. 102119, Makurdi, 970101, Nigeria.

 Malu, S. P (PhD)
Department of Chemical Sciences, Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria.
3Centre for Food Technology and Research (CEFTER), Benue State University, P. M. B. 102119, Makurdi, 970101, Nigeria.

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Adie, P. A., Yande, J. T, and Malu, S. P, “Determination of Deoxynivalenol and Total Aflatoxin Levels in Commonly Traded Grains in The Commercial City of Katsina-Ala North-Central Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 7, pp.01-12 August 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9803

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Qualia and What it is Like Arguments
Kent B. Olson August 2022 – Page No.: 13-15

Philosophy has always preoccupied itself with questions about the mind and consciousness. However, there are ways in which one could become confused. If there are purely mental facts, then they are so because they are not physical, and they are not completely explainable in a physicalist lexicon. The materialist on some accounts wanted to tell the dualist that mentalese is not translatable (and maybe should be wiped out, as eliminative materialism would have it). Or, on others, that there isn’t any ‘mental’ activity left after reducing it? I hold that qualia and ‘What it is Like’ phenomena both show that there are concepts that can’t be explained in a purely physicalist vocabulary.

Page(s): 13-15                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 August 2022

 Kent B. Olson
Mlitt, Ph.D., University of Aberdeen, Scotland

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[5] Nagel, T. ‘What it is Like to be a Bat?’ in Chalmers (ed.) Philosophy of Mind: Classical and Contemporary Readings. (2001). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kent B. Olson, “Qualia and What it is Like Arguments” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 7, pp.13-15 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-8/13-15.pdf

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Assessment of the Rice Production Challenges Faced under the Rice Value Chain Programme in The Gambia
David Gomez, Joseph Unobe Johnson, Grace Nguemo Kpelai, and Celestina Akpoghul August 2022 – Page No.: 16-29

This study on the challenges faced under the rice value chain programme Central River Region of The Gambia. The instruments used for data collection was Focus Group Discussion and in-depth interview. Simple random sampling was used to select sixteen (16) villages out of which three hundred and eighty-four (384) farmers were used for the study. The data collected were transcribed for all the focus group comments, the comments were rearranged to have answers grouped together for each interview protocol. The main ideas were organized into themes to generate an idea or ideas and quotations were identified for each theme. The findings were written in narrative to describe the themes with quotations. From the findings it was revealed that, farmers from the study area faced challenges ranging from inadequate machinery, fertilizer, seeds and market structures were some of the problems reported. From these findings it is recommended that Non-Governmental Organizations and investors should supplement government efforts by providing sufficient and quality inputs (seed/fertilizer/machinery) and credit facilities to the rice farmers at a subsidized rate and on time and strengthen the linkages between farmer groups/cooperatives with buyers (Producer-Buyer linkage) for easy market access.

Page(s): 16-29                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 1 September 2022

 David Gomez
Department of Agriculture, Cape Point Bakau, Office of the Director General, The Gambia

 Joseph Unobe Johnson
Department of Agriculture, Cape Point Bakau, Office of the Director General, The Gambia

 Grace Nguemo Kpelai
Centre for Food Technology and Research, Benue State University, Nigeria

 Celestina Akpoghul
Department of Sociology, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria

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David Gomez, Joseph Unobe Johnson, Grace Nguemo Kpelai, and Celestina Akpoghul, “Assessment of the Rice Production Challenges Faced under the Rice Value Chain Programme in The Gambia” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.16-29 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-8/16-29.pdf

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Importance of Mathematics in Computer Science, Engineering and Technology (CSET) Education

Francis Avevor August 2022 – Page No.: 30-34

Students with weak mathematics background are often overwhelmed by the many mathematics courses that they have to take during their undergraduate Computer Science, Engineering and Technology (CSET) programmes; and tend to question the relevance of mathematics to their CSET studies. This paper examined the syllabuses of undergraduate CSET courses being offered in 10 Ghanaian universities and discussed the importance of relevant mathematics courses to them. Furthermore, it proffered recommendations to promote students’ academic success in CSET programmes.

Page(s): 30-34                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 03 September 2022

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9801

 Francis Avevor
Advanced School of Data and System Studies, Accra Institute of Technology, Accra, Ghana

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Francis Avevor, “Importance of Mathematics in Computer Science, Engineering and Technology (CSET) Education” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.30-34 August 2022 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2022.9801

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Readiness of Urban Management in The Face of Technological Disruption and Pandemic Handling The COVID-19 Pandemic and Online Transportation in Major Cities, The Central Region of Java, Indonesia

Yudha Pracastino Heston, Bakti Setiawan, Deva FosterHaroldas Swasto – August 2022 – Page No.: 35-45

A pandemic is a form of urban disruption, another example that has recently emerged is related to urban online transportation. This study is needed to explain what capabilities cities then need in the face of change, which can be termed an urban disruption. Then how do cities strengthen the manageability of their territories by using the identification of the indicator variables found? This research uses two methodologies, namely quantitatively and qualitatively. To obtain quantitative data, the survey was conducted by distributing questionnaires through Google Form to respondents in three cities, namely Semarang, Yogyakarta, and Surakarta. Cities in the face of change, need a strong platform, which can guarantee the interaction of government collaboration with other stakeholders. This statement is proven by the discovery of ten variables of urban management platforms. These variables are related to coordination, environmental aspects, planning, infrastructure management, sources of funds, leadership, policies and regulations, empowered communities, data, and community networks.

Page(s): 35-45                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 08 September 2022

 Yudha Pracastino Heston
Gadjahmada University, Student of Architecture Doctorate Program, Indonesia

  Bakti Setiawan
Gadjahmada University, Professor in Architecture Doctorate Program, Indonesia

 Yudha Pracastino Heston
Gadjahmada University, Lecturer in Architecture Doctorate Program, Indonesia

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Yudha Pracastino Heston, Bakti Setiawan, Deva FosterHaroldas Swasto, “Readiness of Urban Management in The Face of Technological Disruption and Pandemic Handling The COVID-19 Pandemic and Online Transportation in Major Cities, The Central Region of Java, Indonesia” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.35-45 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-7/35-45.pdf

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The Carbon Tax Implementation Plan in Indonesia

Fhandy Pandey, Yanif Dwi Kuntjoro, and Arifuddin Uksan, Sri Sundari – August 2022 – Page No.: 46-49

Students with weak mathematics background are often overwhelmed by the many mathematics courses that they have to take during their undergraduate Computer Science, Engineering and Technology (CSET) programmes; and tend to question the relevance of mathematics to their CSET studies. This paper examined the syllabuses of undergraduate CSET courses being offered in 10 Ghanaian universities and discussed the importance of relevant mathematics courses to them. Furthermore, it proffered recommendations to promote students’ academic success in CSET programmes.

Page(s): 46-49                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 08 September 2022

 Fhandy Pandey
Department of Energy Security, Faculty Defense Management, Indonesia Defense University, Bogor 16810, Indonesia

 Yanif Dwi Kuntjoro
Department of Energy Security, Faculty Defense Management, Indonesia Defense University, Bogor 16810, Indonesia

  Arifuddin Uksan, Sri Sundari
Department of Energy Security, Faculty Defense Management, Indonesia Defense University, Bogor 16810, Indonesia

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Fhandy Pandey, Yanif Dwi Kuntjoro, and Arifuddin Uksan, Sri Sundari, “The Carbon Tax Implementation Plan in Indonesia” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.46-49 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-7/46-49.pdf

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Compromising Conflict Strategy and Workplace Harmony in Oil Servicing Companies in Rivers State

Bob-Fubara, Ibiso; Amah, Edwinah (PhD) ; Okocha, Belemenanya Friday (PhD) – August 2022 – Page No.: 50-54

This report is an empirical study that looks at compromising conflict strategy and workplace harmony in oil servicing companies in Rivers State. The cross section research design was adopted as the design of the research; the population of the study covers all the oil servicing companies in Rivers State. Data for the study was analyzed using Pearson product movement correlational coefficient aided with SPSS version 21.0. The study found that compromise as a dispute management strategy significantly impacts workplace harmony in oil servicing companies in Rivers State. Considering the study’s findings, we conclude that dispute management through the use of compromise strategy significantly influence workplace harmony in relation to teamwork, and communication and this is able to the poor management activities among oil servicing firms. And also the issues of insecurity, poorly designed workstation, excessive noise, oil spillage, insufficient safety measures among oil servicing companies in Rivers State. Based on the conclusion we recommend that for the success of the organization and to get total committed workforce, management of oil servicing firms should ensure the goal of the organization are design such that, its achievement connect with visible strategy of dispute management.

Page(s): 50-54                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 September 2022

 Bob-Fubara, Ibiso; Amah, Edwinah (PhD) ; Okocha, Belemenanya Friday (PhD)
Doctoral Candidate, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Nigeria

  Amah, Edwinah (PhD)
Professor of Entrepreneurship & Management, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

 Okocha, Belemenanya Friday (PhD)
Researcher, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

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Bob-Fubara, Ibiso; Amah, Edwinah (PhD) ; Okocha, Belemenanya Friday (PhD) , “Compromising Conflict Strategy and Workplace Harmony in Oil Servicing Companies in Rivers State” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.50-54 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-7/50-54.pdf

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Career Development Strategies and Employees Effectiveness of Hotels in Rivers State

Joe-Okidi, Precious Ogbeyalu; Amah, Edwinah (PhD) ; Okocha, Belemenanya Friday (PhD) – August 2022 – Page No.: 55-61

The relationship between career development methods and employee effectiveness in hotels in Rivers State is investigated theoretically in this research. This research was based on the social exchange and human capital theories. Employee training and mentorship were used to operationalize career development strategies, while innovation and knowledge management were used to assess employee effectiveness. The analysis discovered that employee performance is strongly linked to career advancement, as evidenced by the literature evaluated. Due to this, the study suggests that hotels should strengthen employee relationships to be able to achieve strong performance and be successful in a competitive market. Hotels should do what they believe is essential to create and maintain better relationships with their employees.

Page(s): 55-61                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 September 2022

 Joe-Okidi, Precious Ogbeyalu
Doctoral Candidate, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Nigeria

 Amah, Edwinah (PhD)
Professor of Entrepreneurship & Management, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

 Okocha, Belemenanya Friday (PhD)
Researcher, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

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Joe-Okidi, Precious Ogbeyalu; Amah, Edwinah (PhD) ; Okocha, Belemenanya Friday (PhD) , “Career Development Strategies and Employees Effectiveness of Hotels in Rivers State” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.55-61 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-7/55-61.pdf

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Assessment of Hypertension Knowledge Among Adults Living in Owerri Metropolises

Chidozie Joachim Nwaokoro; David Chinaecherem Innocent; Cosmas Nnadozie Ezejindu; Advait Vasavada; Stanley Chinedu Eneh – August 2022 – Page No.: 62-70

Background: Hypertension is a serious public health issue and a major risk factor for a variety of other illnesses. The hazards of untreated hypertension, the benefits of better control, and poor management techniques are all obstacles to effective hypertensive care. The aim of the study was to assess the level of knowledge of hypertension among adults living in the Owerri Metropolis.
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study of 201 respondents who were residents of Owerri Metropolis at the time of the study was conducted. Data was collected using a pre-tested interviewer-administered questionnaire. The data was examined with the SPSS version, and the chi-square test was performed to determine the link between demographic characteristics and hypertension knowledge.
Results: The study population consisted of 96 (48%) males and 105 (52%) females. 134 (69%) stated that blood pressure of 120/80 mmHg was normal. The main aggravating factors for hypertension identified by participants were excess weight 155 (77%), high salt intake 191 (98), excess alcohol consumption 159 (79%), smoking 181 (90) and excess thinking 129 (64). The respondents identified stroke at 94% (189), heart failure at 91% (183), and heart ache at 72% (145) as health conditions associated with hypertension by the respondents. Very few of the adults had a high (15%) level of knowledge of hypertension.
Conclusion: The respondents had enough awareness of hypertension, its consequences, and management options. Females aged 50 and older who are Christians from Igbo have a high level of understanding about hypertension. Furthermore, those without a tertiary degree had a higher level of knowledge. To enhance understanding and reduce the consequences of poorly treated hypertension, targeted health education programmes are urgently needed.

Page(s): 62-70                                                                                           Date of Publication: 10 September 2022

 Chidozie Joachim Nwaokoro
Department of Public Health, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State Nigeria

 David Chinaecherem Innocent
Department of Public Health, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State Nigeria

 Cosmas Nnadozie Ezejindu
Department of Public Health, Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria

 Advait Vasavada
MP Shah Medical College, Jamnagar, India

 Stanley Chinedu Eneh
Department of Community Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

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[12] Coca, J., Gudbjornsdottir, S., Eliasson, B., Zethelius, B., Eeg-Olofsson, K., & Nilsson, P. M. (2018). Systolic blood pressure and risk of cardiovascular diseases in type 2 diabetes: an observational study from the Swedish national diabetes register. Journal Hypertension, 28, 2026–2035.
[13] Dive, R. K. (2017). Sex hormones and hypertension. Cardiovascular Research, 53, 688-708.
[14] Schroll, F.M., Svetkey, L.P., Vollmer, W.M., Appel, L.J., Bray, G.A., & Harsha, D. (2017). Effects on blood pressure of reduced dietary sodium and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet. DASH-Sodium Collaborative Research Group. New England Journal of Medicine, 344, 3–10.
[15] Hense, A., Fossum, E., Nesbitt, S. D., Palmieri, V., & Kjeldsen, S. E. (2015). Blood viscosity, plasma adrenaline and fasting insulin in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy. ICARUS, a LIFE Substudy. Insulin CARotids US Scandinavica. Blood Pressure, 9, 83–90.
[16] Buatista, O., Wallentin, I., Houltz, E., Beckman, S. M., Larsson, S., & Caidahl, K. (2016). Gender differences in patients with severe aortic stenosis: impact on preoperative left ventricular geometry and function, as well as early postoperative morbidity and mortality. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 15, 24-30.
[17] Xin, L. M., Reid, C. M., Ryan, P., Beilin, L. J., Brown, M. A., & Jennings, G. L. (2016). A comparison of outcomes with angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors and diuretics for hypertension in the elderly.New England Journal of Medicine, 348, 583–592.
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[20] Wallen, W. J., Cserti, C., Belanger, M. P., & Wittnich, C. (2015). Gender differences in myocardial adaptation to afterload in normotensive and hypertensive rats. Hypertension 36, 774–779.
[21] Vikse, B. E., Irgens, L. M., Leivestad, T., Skjaerven, R., & Iversen, B. M. (2018). Preeclampsia and the risk of end-stage renal disease. New England Journal Medicine, 359, 800–809.
[22] Psaty, B. M., Smith, N. L., Siscovick, D. S., Koepsell, T. D., Weiss, N.S., & Heckbert, S. R. (2017). Health outcomes associated with antihypertensive therapies used as first-line agents. A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA, 277, 739–745.
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[24] Nuzzo, A., Rossi, R., & Modena, M.G. (2015). Hypertension alone or related to the metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. Expert Review on Cardiovascular Therapy, 8, 1541–1548.
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[34] Bari, T. (2016). Gender difference in diastolic function in hypertension (the HyperGEN study). American Journal of Cardiology, 89, 1052–1056.
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Chidozie Joachim Nwaokoro; David Chinaecherem Innocent; Cosmas Nnadozie Ezejindu; Advait Vasavada; Stanley Chinedu Eneh, “Assessment of Hypertension Knowledge Among Adults Living in Owerri Metropolises” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.62-70 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-7/62-70.pdf

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Personal Hygiene Practices Among Selected Secondary Schools at South Eastern Nigeria

Chinaecherem Innocent; Sophia Ifechidere Obani; Cosmas Nnadozie Ezejindu; Angelica Chinecherem Uwaezuoke; Advait Vasavada – August 2022 – Page No.: 71-78

Background: Personal hygiene is the process of keeping one’s own body clean, and it is considered a global concern among schoolchildren. Every year, it is estimated that diarrhoea kills more than 1.5 million school-aged children due to unclean water, a lack of sanitation, and a lack of cleanliness. Poor hygienic habits among schoolchildren raise a huge concern in underdeveloped nations. The purpose of this study was to analyse personal hygiene practises among students in secondary schools in Southeastern Nigeria.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was utilised in this study. A self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The study population consisted of secondary school students at Okigwe LGA, Owerri, Imo State. A multistage sampling technique was utilised to select 404 respondents. Ethical approval was obtained from the Department of Public Health, Federal University of Technology, Owerri.
Results: Of the respondents, 44% (176) were within the age group of 10–12 years. 98.5% (394) were aware of personal hygiene practices, with 67.2% (269) of the respondents obliged to knowledge that personal hygiene includes bathing, washing your hands, brushing your teeth, etc. The study showed that the majority of 83.3% (333) of secondary school students in Okigwe always brush their teeth daily and 78.7% (315) also affirmed they always cut their nails as a mark of hygiene practice. 89.0% (356) indicated lack of adequate water supply as a challenge to the practise of hygiene, which means that the Okigwe community service lacks water provision at school and in the community at large.
Conclusion: The study concluded that there is a need for regular reinforcement to sustain the gains particularly with areas of assessment in the study showing that sanitary provisions of water is lacking.

Page(s): 71-78                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 03 September 2022

 Chinaecherem Innocent
Department of Public Health, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State Nigeria

 Sophia Ifechidere Obani
Department of Environmental Toxicology, University of Port-Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

 Cosmas Nnadozie Ezejindu
Department of Public Health, Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria

 Angelica Chinecherem Uwaezuoke
Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria

 Advait Vasavada
MP Shah Medical College, Jamnagar, India

[1] World Health Organization, (2017). Oralhealth ;http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs318/en/ 2012
[2] Goel, M. K. &Kundan, M. (2011). Psycho-social behaviour of urban adolescent school girls during menstruation.Australian Medical Journal, 4(1):49-51
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[8] Lalani, A., Dasar, P. L. &Sandesh, N. (2015). Assessment of relationship between oral health behavior, oral hygiene and gingival status of dental students.Indian Journal of Dent Res, 26(04):592-597.
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[11] Snow, M., White, G. L. & Kim H, S. (2018) Inexpensive and time-efficient hand hygiene interventions increase elementary school children’s hand hygiene rates. Journal of School Health, 78(07):230-233.
[12] Scott, B., Curtis, C. &Rabie, T. (2017). Health in our hands but not in our heads: understanding hygiene motivation among secondary school students. Journal of Health Policy and Planning, 22(1), 225-233.
[13] Kumar, H., Behura, S. S. &Ramachandra, S. (2017). Personal hygiene knowledge, attitude, and practices among dental and medical students in eastern India – a comparative study. Journal of International Social Prevention of Community Dentition, 9(01), 58-63.
[14] Oswald, W. E., Hunter, G. C., Lescano, A. G., Cabrera, L., Leontsini, E. & Pan W. K. (2018) Direct observation of hygiene in a Peruvian shantytown: not enough handwashing and too little water. Tropical Medical International Health, 13 (3):1421-1428.
[15] Sharda, A. J. &Shetty, S. (2018). A comparative study of personal hygiene health knowledge, attitude and behaviour of first and final year students of Udaipur city, Rajasthan.International Journal Dentition Hygiene, 6(02):347-353.
[16] Yadav, R. N., Joshi, S., Poudel, R. &Pandeya, P. (2018). Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice on Menstrual Hygiene Management among School Adolescents. Journal of Nepal Health Res Counc, 15(3):212-216. doi: 10.3126/jnhrc.v15i3.18842
[17] Takeda, T., Koga, S. &Yaegashi, N. (2010). Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder in Japanese high school students.WomensMent Health, 13(6):535-7.
[18] Nwankwo, T. O., Aniebue, U. U. &Aniebue., P.N. (n.d). Menstrual disorders in adolescent school girls in Enugu, Nigeria.Journal of Pediatric Adolescent Gynecolology, 23(6):358-63.
[19] Akinyamoju, C. A., Dairo, D. M., Adeoye, I. A. &Akinyamoju, A. O. (2018). Dental caries and oral hygiene status: Survey of schoolchildren in rural communities, Southwest Nigeria. Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal, 25(4):239-245. doi: 10.4103/npmj.npmj_138_18. PMID: 30588945.
[20] Ejemot, R. I., Ehiri, J. E., Meremikwu, M. M. &Critchley, J.A. (2018). Hand washing for preventing diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Systematic Review, 54
[21] Omu, F. E., Al-Marzouk, R., Delles, H., Oranye, N. O. &Omu, A. E. (2011). Personal hygiene practices. Prevalence and effects on nursing students’ academic performance and clinical training in Kuwait.Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20(1)15-23.
[22] Snow, M., White, G. L. & Kim H, S. (2018) Inexpensive and time-efficient hand hygiene interventions increase elementary school children’s hand hygiene rates.Journal of School Health, 78(07):230-233.

Chinaecherem Innocent; Sophia Ifechidere Obani; Cosmas Nnadozie Ezejindu; Angelica Chinecherem Uwaezuoke; Advait Vasavada, “Personal Hygiene Practices Among Selected Secondary Schools at South Eastern Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.71-78 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-7/71-78.pdf

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Awareness, Knowledge and Attitude of Undergraduates Towards Sickle Cell Disease in South Eastern Nigeria

David Chinaecherem Innocent; Cosmas Nnadozie Ezejindu; Advait Vasavada; Chinazaekpere Oguguo Duruji – August 2022 – Page No.: 79-84

Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a hereditary red blood cell defect characterised by persistent hemolytic anaemia and a variety of clinical complications. The aim of this study is to determine the awareness, knowledge, and attitude of undergraduates towards sickle cell disease in southeastern Nigeria.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted, with individuals chosen using a multistage sample procedure. Data was obtained using a self-administered, pre-tested questionnaire and processed with SPSS software version 20.
Results: There were a total of 402 participants in the study, with 192 (47.8%) males and 210 (52.2%) females. The participants’ average age was 22.32.7 years. All of the participants (100%) were aware of the presence of SCD, with the most prevalent sources of knowledge being schools (38.1%) and health personnel (19.9%). Two hundred and seventy-seven participants (68.9%) had sufficient understanding of SCD, although many of them had misconceptions. The majority of the participants in this survey, 344 (85.6 percent), have a good attitude toward people with SCD.
Conclusion: The majority of people with an appropriate understanding of SCD had a favourable attitude, but those with insufficient information had the opposite perspective. The participants in this study have information gaps concerning SCD. Health education should be enhanced to provide students with an adequate comprehensive understanding of SCD to enable them to make educated marriage decisions, thus preventing the reproduction of SCD-affected children.

Page(s): 79-84                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 September 2022

 David Chinaecherem Innocent; Cosmas Nnadozie Ezejindu; Advait Vasavada; Chinazaekpere Oguguo Duruji
Department of Public Health, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State Nigeria

  Cosmas Nnadozie Ezejindu
Department of Public Health, Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria

  Advait Vasavada
MP Shah Medical College, Jamnagar, India

 Chinazaekpere Oguguo Duruji
Department of Health Promotions, Community Healthcare Network Hospital

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[6] Grosse, S. D., Odame, I., Atrash, H. K., Amendah, D. D., Piel, F. B. & Williams, T. N. (2011). Sickle cell disease in Africa: a neglected cause of early childhood mortality. American journal of preventive medicine, 41, S398-S405.
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[9] Olu Akinyanju, OON, (2015). Chairman, sickle cell foundation of Nigeria. The national burden of sickle cell disorder and the way forward.
[10] Long, K. A., Thomas, S. B., Grubs, R. E., Gettig, E. A., & Krishnamurti, L. (2011). Attitudes and beliefs of African-Americans toward genetics, genetic testing, and sickle cell disease education and awareness. Journal of Genetic Counseling. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10897-011-9388-3
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[15] Durotoye IA, Salaudeen AG, Babatunde AS, Bosah EC and Ajayi FD (2013). Knowledge and Perception of Sickle cell disease among Senior Secondary School students in Illorin Metropolis. The Tropical Journal of Health Sciences; 20(2): 1-7.
[16] Gbeneol PK, Brisibe SF and Ordinioha B (2015). Knowledge, attitude and uptake of premarital screening for sickle trait among married couples in a semi-urban community in South-South Nigeria. European Journal of preventive medicine; 3(3): 49-54.

David Chinaecherem Innocent; Cosmas Nnadozie Ezejindu; Advait Vasavada; Chinazaekpere Oguguo Duruji, “Awareness, Knowledge and Attitude of Undergraduates Towards Sickle Cell Disease in South Eastern Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.79-84 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-7/79-84.pdf

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A Reflective approach to Pandemic and Academic Activities in Nigeria

Olatunbosun Emmanuel OGUNSEEMI, Oladele Dennis OMODARA – August 2022 – Page No.: 85-87

Pandemic is an enormous challenge to education systems worldwide, and this viewpoint suggests to practitioners and policymakers a need for pragmatic approach to cope with various crisis that may be affecting academic activities in the world, and particularly in Nigeria. Moreover, a reflective view of this development is necessary to provoke adaptation and adjustment as a result of this new ecosystem of practice. In addition, reflective practice is an ongoing process that practitioners in every profession should adopt in order to build resilience to overcome challenging circumstances in such practices. Therefore, this is a pragmatic discourse of;
1. Adaptation to the new realities
2. Pragmatic Pedagogy

Page(s): 85-87                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 September 2022

 Olatunbosun Emmanuel OGUNSEEMI
Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology, Ikere-Ekiti, Nigeria

  Oladele Dennis OMODARA
Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology, Ikere-Ekiti, Nigeria

[1] Barron, M., Cobo, C., Muno-Najar, A. and Ciarrusta, S.I (2021). The changing role of teachers and technological amidst the COVID-19 pandemic: Key findings from a cross-country study. Education for global development.
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[3] Bautista, J. (2021). Pandemic pedagogy: Teaching continuity in times of global disruption. The Editor- Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia; Issue 29.
[4] Bozkurt, A. and Sharman, R.C. (2020). Emergency Remote Teaching in a time of global crisis due to coronavirus pandemic. Asian Journal of Distance Learning Education, 15(1), i – iv. https://doi.org/10.528//zenodo.3778083
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[6] Cordero Jr, D.A. (2021). To stop or not to stop culture; determining the essential behavior of the government, church and public in fighting against COVID-19. Journal of Public Health, Vol. 43, No 2, e309- e310.
[7] Corpuz, Jeffclyde G. (2021). Adapting to the culture of ‘new normal’: an emergency response to COVID-19. Journal of Public Health, Vol. 43, No 2, e344- e345. DOI: 10.1080/02607476.2020.1755205.
[8] Doucet, A., Netolicky, D., Timmer, S.K., Tuscano, F.I. (2020). Thinking about pedagogy and unfolding pandemic; An independence report on approaches to Distance Learning Education during COVID-19 school closures: Independent Report written to inform the work of education international and UNESCO. Version 2.0/29 March, 2020.
[9] Hodges, C., Moore, S., Lockee, B., Trust, T., and Bond, A. (2020). The difference between emergency remote teaching and online learning. Educause Review. https:elearning.acw.org/featured.cfm.aid = 3236697
[10] Lagman, J.D.N., Vergara, R.J.D., and Sarmiento, P.J.D. (2021). Culture as a contributory factor in combating the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Public Health, Vol. 43, No 2, e289- e290.
[11] Means, B., Bakia, M., and Murphy, R. (2014). Learning online: What research tells us about whether, when and how. Routledge.
[12] Moorhouse, B. (2020). Adaptation to face-to-face initial teacher education course ‘forced’ Online due to the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Education for Teaching, 42(1).
[13] Murphy, M. (2020). COVID-19 and Emergency eLearning: Consequences of the securitization of Higher Education for post-pandemic pedagogy. Contemporary Security Policy, 41(3): 492- 505. DOI: 10.1080/13523260.2020.1761749.
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[17] Tate, Marcia L. (2020). Engaging the brain: Strategies to motivate the student online and in the classroom. Learning and the Brain Webinar. https://www.learningandthebrain.com/online-seminars

Olatunbosun Emmanuel OGUNSEEMI, Oladele Dennis OMODARA, “A Reflective approach to Pandemic and Academic Activities in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.85-87 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-8/85-87.pdf

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Analysis of Business Model Implementation Using Business Model Canvas in Appropriate Engineering Machinery Technology Business

Anton Hindardjo, Donny Setiawan, Tiolina Evi, Deni Iskandar, Rafli A. Ramadhan – August 2022 – Page No.: 88-93

This study aims to determine other action plans as a type of business improvement technique in CV. Various Different Technics utilize the Business Model Canvas. The type of examination used is descriptive qualitative. The research results from the Business Model Canvas can be the right business progress system decisions for CV. Assorted different Technics. The customer segment is divided into demographics and psychographics. Value proposition is Performance and Customization. Channels through industrial facilities, verbal, business cards, Facebook, WhatsApp, and Youtube. Customer Relations CV. Aneka Technics uses personal assistance and co-creation. Revenue streams are asset sales. Key resources are physical power and human resources. Key activities are creation based on advertising target planning and training, human asset enhancement, and limited time training. Key partnerships are larger suppliers, resellers, similar businesses. Cost structure is fixed costs, variable costs and fixed costs are directed to reduce variable costs.

Page(s): 88-93                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 September 2022

 Anton Hindardjo
Departmen of Islamic Bank, STEI SEBI, Indonesia

  Donny Setiawan
Departmen of Islamic Bank, STEI SEBI, Indonesia

 Tiolina Evi
Department of Accounting, Perbanas Instititute, Indonesia

 Deni Iskandar
Department of Accounting, Krida Wacana Christian University, Indonesia

  Rafli A. Ramadhan
Departmen of Islamic Bank, STEI SEBI, Indonesia

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Anton Hindardjo, Donny Setiawan, Tiolina Evi, Deni Iskandar, Rafli A. Ramadhan, “Analysis of Business Model Implementation Using Business Model Canvas in Appropriate Engineering Machinery Technology Business” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.88-93 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-7/88-93.pdf

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Evaluation of Magnesium and Potassium levels in Diabetic and Hypertensive subjects attending Federal Medical Centre, Keffi-Nigeria

Mairiga, J.P., Ambi J.L., Haruna, S – August 2022 – Page No.: 94-98

Diabetes and hypertension are diseases that affect people all over the world. This study was carried out at the Department of Medical Out-Patient of Federal Medical Centre, Keffi. It was aimed at assessing the Magnesium (Mg) and Potassium (K) levels in the blood of diabetics and hypertensive patients respectively. Magnesium and Potassium were determined using test kits produced by Teco diagnostics (USA). Blood samples were collected by venous puncture from one hundred and twenty (120) patients evenly distributed among Diabetic and hypertensive patients on gender basis. The result showed a low level of magnesium in diabetic patients in a range of 0.40-0.00mmol/l to the expected magnesium concentration range of 1.3-2.5mmol/l. The potassium level in hypertensive was within the normal range of 3.25- 1.55mmol/l compared to the expected concentration range (3.40-5.30mmol/l). This study showed high level of deficiency of magnesium in diabetics but normal level of potassium in hypertensive individuals. Though, further studies using larger sample size is advocated to substantiate these findings, magnesium potassium aspartate should be included in the supplements or fortified foods from time to time to increase the amount of magnesium and potassium intake of patients. Importantly, Health care providers should consider monitoring serum magnesium levels periodically in patients especially the elderly to provide medical assistance where necessary.

Page(s): 94-98                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 September 2022

 Mairiga, J.P.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nasarawa State University, Nigeria

 Ambi J.L.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nasarawa State University, Nigeria

 Haruna, S
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nasarawa State University, Nigeria

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Mairiga, J.P., Ambi J.L., Haruna, S, “Evaluation of Magnesium and Potassium levels in Diabetic and Hypertensive subjects attending Federal Medical Centre, Keffi-Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.94-98 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-8/94-98.pdf

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Analysis of Radon levels in Water from selected Boreholes and Shallow Wells in Mutomo Area, Kitui County-Kenya
A.K Mutambu, J. M. Linturi, J.M. Kebwaro, S.M. Matsitsi August 2022 – Page No.: 99-103

This paper presents In-situ analyses of radon levels in water from Mutomo area located in the southeastern part of Kenya. The region is semi-arid and most resdents depend on water from boreholes and shallow wells for their domestic use. RAD 7 alpha detector was deployed in the In-situ measurements and geographical position of each water source sampled was determined and noted during the radon measurements. An average of 30 ± 1.5 Bq l-1 was determined from the measurements. This value is slightly higher than the maximum contamination levelof 11.1 Bq l-1 prescribed by USEPA but within the UNSCEAR recommended range of 4 – 40 Bq l-1. Ngosini Springs reported the highest radon activity of 120 ± 6 Bq l-1 while Munyoki, Katuuni and Musila shallow wells had no detectable radon activity. Annual effective doses from water averaged 6.0 ± 0.03 µSv y-1 for radiation doses taken through ingestion which is well below the limits of 0.1 mSv y-1 for doses taken via ingestion. The correlational analyses between 222Rn in water and 226Ra in sediments sampled from the proximity of water sources reveal a weak positive correlation suggesting radium mineral has an insignificant influence on the radon level in the water. Based on the findings, water from the sampled wells and boreholes is safe for drinking without remediation measures.

Page(s): 99-103                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 September 2022

 A.K Mutambu
Department of Physical Sciences, South Eastern Kenya University, P.O BOX 170-90200 Kitui, Kenya

 J. M. Linturi
Department of Physical Sciences, South Eastern Kenya University, P.O BOX 170-90200 Kitui, Kenya

 J.M. Kebwaro
School of Pure and Applied sciences, Karatina University, P.O BOX 1957-10101 Karatina, Kenya

 S.M. Matsitsi
Department of Physical Sciences, South Eastern Kenya University, P.O BOX 170-90200 Kitui, Kenya

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[22] Rani, A., R. Mehra, and V. Duggal, Radon monitoring in groundwater samples from some areas of northern Rajasthan, India, using a RAD7 detector. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 2012. 153(4): p. 496-501.

A.K Mutambu, J. M. Linturi, J.M. Kebwaro, S.M. Matsitsi, “Analysis of Radon levels in Water from selected Boreholes and Shallow Wells in Mutomo Area, Kitui County-Kenya” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.99-103 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-8/99-103.pdf

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Press freedom in Zimbabwe: Effects of government entrenched policies on the media during COVID 19 lockdown
Silas Nkala & Dr. John Mpofu August 2022 – Page No.: 104-110

Freedom of the press is the corner stone of information dissemination, with the media seen as the hallmark of gathering and dishing out that information. The right to freedom of information and responsible journalism are fundamental to health, economic, social and human development across the globe, Zimbabwe included. However, those rights are handled and applied differently in each country. With the advent of the coronavirus pandemic ravaging the whole world, countries changed their media policies to implement restrictive measures that either curtailed access to information or enabled the media to project only what is positive to the authorities’ interests. Assumptions can be `made that in such an environment, press freedom is under siege through either subtle or more emphatic means of pressure mostly by authorities. Those that operate under state funding are seen with gatekeepers who suppress negative information against government. On the other hand, the private media experience stringent conditions that result to them failing to get the information that is even positive to government. Most governments that continue to control the press, approach to journalism as a tool of “propaganda” with the sole objective of fostering their objectives and suppressing dissent. Based on the known historic traditional roles and functions of the media and journalists, this article explores press freedom in Zimbabwe with great focus being made on the effects o
f government entrenched policies on the media during COVID 19 lockdown. The study relies on interviews with journalists and is premised in a qualitative methodology in which the data collected from interviews based on a purposive non probability sampling is analysed through critical discourse analysis of their responses. Since the study deals with the experiences of journalists which is not quantifiable, qualitative methodology is the most appropriate. Findings based on the journalists interviewed show that majority of them, seven out of 12 were of the view that private media was totally under siege and their freedom to operate and move around was curtailed by the security agents, while access to information from the government sources on COVID 19 was a nightmare for them. It is also revealed that only the state media journalists were free to move around and access information easily from the government sources, while several private media journalists were either arrested, assaulted or harassed by the state security agents.

Page(s): 104-110                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 September 2022

 Silas Nkala
Faculty of Arts, Culture and Heritage: Department of Media and Journalism Studies: Zimbabwe Open University, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

 Dr. John Mpofu
Faculty of Arts, Culture and Heritage: Department of Media and Journalism Studies: Zimbabwe Open University, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

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Silas Nkala & Dr. John Mpofu, “Press freedom in Zimbabwe: Effects of government entrenched policies on the media during COVID 19 lockdown” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.104-110 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-8/104-110.pdf

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Boiler Efficiency Analysis of A 220mw Steam Power Plant Using Direct Method
Akerekan Opeyemi Ernest, Oyim Akachukwu David August 2022 – Page No.: 111-116

This paper presents a boiler efficiency analysis of a 220MW steam power plant using the direct method. The procedure employed to determine the boiler efficiency was done using the input-output method based on ASME PTC 4.1 standard. The experimental data used for the analysis were obtained from boilers installed in Egbin Thermal Power Plant located at Ikorodu, Lagos, Nigeria. Instantaneous data on boiler thermal efficiency can determine the condition of boiler operation, heat generation, and heat loss. It was established that boilers#-1, 2, 4, 5, and 6 have 72.51%, 67.66%, 69.50%, 78.16%, and 79.73% efficiencies respectively, which is an indication of good performance achieved through condition monitoring, combined with routine maintenance. Similarly, boiler#-2 and boiler#-6 have a 1.02 factor of evaporation, which tells that both boilers generate steam at the same rate when 1 kg of natural gas is burnt. In the same way, boiler#-1 and boiler#-4 have a 1.05 factor of evaporation when 1kg of natural gas is burnt to generate 16.13kg and 15.47 kg of steam respectively. Whereas boiler#-5 boiler has a factor of evaporation of 1.08 when 1 kg of natural gas is burnt to generate 17.40 kg of steam. Furthermore, a load factor of the various boilers indicates that each of the boilers can generate 73.31%, 99.32%, 97.05%, 76.16%, and 88.53% of its installed capacity respectively

Page(s): 111-116                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 September 2022

  Akerekan Opeyemi Ernest
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bells University of Technology Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.

  Oyim Akachukwu David
Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Lagos State Polytechnic Ikorodu, Lagos State, Nigeria

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Akerekan Opeyemi Ernest, Oyim Akachukwu David , “Boiler Efficiency Analysis of A 220mw Steam Power Plant Using Direct Method ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.111-116 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-8/111-116.pdf

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The Efficacy of Neem Extracts on The Control of Brown Blotch of Cowpea in Mubi, Nigeria
Fatima S.H., Yusuf, C.S., Channya F.K., Zainab B. D., and Amina D. U. August 2022 – Page No.: 117-121

The effect of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of neem plant parts (leaves, stembark and roots) on Colletotrichum capsici the causal agent of brown blotch of cowpea was carried out in Mubi. The isolate C. capsici was identified and proven through a pathogenicity test to be pathogenic. Cowpea plant parts (leaves, and pods) with similar symptoms of brown blotch such as dark brown to black patches were collected from farmers’ fields in four districts of Mubi North during November 2018. The locations included Mubi, Mayo Bani, Ba’a and Fali districts. A total of 240 samples of two plant parts (leaves and pods) were collected using a simple random sampling technique. The causal agent of brown blotch was isolated from an infected pod of cowpea collected from the periphery of Mubi North in November 2017. The in vitro control trial was carried out on the Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) polluted with aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Neem (Leaves, stembark and roots) in a completely randomized design with duplicates of 3; a restrain mycelial growth was observed in all the treatments 0.60 cm for leaves and stembark, 1.22cm for roots extract as against 0% inhibition by control. There was a corresponding growth of the action of ethanolic extract as to aqueous in vitro in all the treatments (leaves, stembark and roots) 0.63cm, 0.57cm, 0.57cm as for the ethanolic extract and 0.63cm, 0.67cm and 1.88cm for aqueous treatments respectively. It may be concluded from this study that C. capsici is a common pathogenic fungus that causes brown blotch of cowpea in the Study Area; result from the pathogenicity test indicated that the isolated fungus is pathogenic and attributed to the cause of brown blotch of cowpea in Mubi North. The inhibitory effect of the extract from neem tree against fungal isolate could be due to the anti-fungal substances present in the extract. Higher inhibition of fungus growth was observed at a higher concentration of the ethanolic extract as recorded. The result also indicates that ethanolic extract has more inhibitory compounds than aqueous extracts. This shows a clear indication of the potentials of plant extracts in control of the fungal pathogens.

Page(s): 117-121                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 September 2022

 Fatima S.H.
Department of Botany, Adamawa State University Mubi, Nigeria.

 Yusuf, C.S.
Department of Botany, Adamawa State University Mubi, Nigeria.

 Channya F.K.
Department of Plant Science, Modibo Adama University of Technology, Yola. Nigeria

 Zainab B. D.
Department of Plant Science, Modibo Adama University of Technology, Yola. Nigeria

 Amina D. U.
Department of basic science, Adamawa State College of Agriculture, Ganye. Nigeria

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Fatima S.H., Yusuf, C.S., Channya F.K., Zainab B. D., and Amina D. U., “The Efficacy of Neem Extracts on The Control of Brown Blotch of Cowpea in Mubi, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.117-121 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-8/117-121.pdf

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Domestic Investment and Economic Growth in Nigeria, 1980-2020
Prof. Nnamocha, P. N., Anyanwu, Austin C. (PhD) August 2022 – Page No.: 122-131

The study examined domestic investment and economic growth in Nigeria for the period 1980 to 2020. The dependent variable was real GDP while the independent variables include corporate domestic private investment (proxied by banking sector lending to private sector), public sector investment (proxied by government capital investment expenditure) and domestic portfolio investment. The data were sourced from the Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin and analyzed using the Ordinary Least Square Multiple regression analysis technique. The result showed that corporate domestic private investment had positive and significant effect on Nigeria’s economic growth while public sector investment (government capital expenditure) had significantly negative relationship with economic growth in Nigeria and domestic portfolio investment had an insignificant negative relationship with economic growth in Nigeria. The conclusion drawn from that the private sector domestic investment outperformed that of the public sector and that domestic portfolio investment was negative in relation to economic growth. The study recommended that government should intensify its capital expenditure especially to the real sector as this will help to improve domestic investment especially by the public sector. Equally, government should intensify efforts to further encourage the private sector through enacting favorable policies and giving the private sector enough support through public-private partnership programmes in order to enhance their domestic investments

Page(s): 122-131                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 September 2022

 Prof. Nnamocha, P. N.
Professor of Economics, Dept. of Economics, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria

 Anyanwu, Austin C. (PhD)
Dept of Economics, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria

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Prof. Nnamocha, P. N., Anyanwu, Austin C. (PhD), “Domestic Investment and Economic Growth in Nigeria, 1980-2020” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.9 issue 8, pp.122-131 August 2022 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-9-issue-8/122-131.pdf

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