Volume VI Issue VII

Study of Partial Discharges between Plane – Plane/Point Electrode Configurations at Different Gap Lengths

K.L.Ratnakar, B. Rajesh Kamath – July 2019 Page No.: 01-05

Insulation between the high voltage electrodes employed in circuit breakers, Gas insulated substations plays a important role in the operation of power system. The main cause of failure of an insulation starts from partial discharge and ends up with the breakdown of insulation. Therefore its necessary to make a study of existence of partial discharges and its magnitude and measure the impact on the power system to take the remedial action. The partial discharges exist because of the defects in the insulation media. The local electrical breakdown is also called as partial discharge (PD) which occurs due to high voltage stresses. Due to this continual occurrence of PD leads to breakdown of the system. It’s the high task of the electrical engineers to monitor the PD activity of the high voltage system and take the possible preventive steps. In this paper the experimental results of the PD activity between plane – plane/pointed electrodes with and without spacers have been presented. OMICRON MPD 600 software and hardware setup has been used to capture the 3D histogram files for the evaluation of partial discharges in the system.

Page(s): 01-05                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 July 2019

Professor in Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Sri Siddhartha Institute of Technology, Tumkur, Karnataka, India

 B. Rajesh Kamath
Professor in Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Sri Siddhartha Institute of Technology, Tumkur, Karnataka, India

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[7]. B. Rajesh Kamath, Member, IAENG , J. Sundara Rajan, K. A. Krishnamurthy and M. Z. Kurian, “Partial Discharge Characterization of Nichrome Particle in a Gas Filled Duct”, Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science (WCECS) 2013 Vol I, 23-25 October, 2013, San Francisco, USA.
[8]. B. Rajesh Kamath, Member, IAENG , J. Sundara Rajan , “Effect of Fixed Copper Particle on PD Characteristics of Sf6 – N2 (10:90) Gas Mixtures“ International Journal of Electronic Engineering Research Volume 1 Number 1 (2009) pp. 1–11.

K.L.Ratnakar, B. Rajesh Kamath “Study of Partial Discharges between Plane – Plane/Point Electrode Configurations at Different Gap Lengths ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.01-05 July 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/01-05.pdf

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Demographic Characteristics, Coping Strategies and Parents with Autistic Children in Nigeria
Christiana Omone Bose MAKINDE, Olanrewaju Seun ADEGBITE, Titilayo OLAYODE, Mercy OMOZUSI – July 2019 – Page No.: 06-10

Primary caregivers of children living with Autism Spectrum Disorder carry the larger burden of care and they may feel a need to be with their child at all times so they experience stress, related to coping with the heavy load of care giving. The study assessed the relationship between the demographic characteristics of parents of autistic children and the Family Crisis Oriented Personal Evaluation Scales (F-COPES). The study employed a cross-sectional design. The respondents comprised of all the parents of autistic children at the autism centres. The parents demographic characteristics assessed are age, level of education, religion and marital status. Therefore four null hypotheses were generated and T-Test was used to analyse the relationship between the family oriented evaluation scale and the demographic characteristics. The results revealed that for the null hypothesis of no significant relationship between utilization of FCOPES and respondents age, the calculated p-value and r revealed 0.215 > 0.05 and -0.156< 1 respectively. Therefore the null hypothesis is upheld. Conclusively the study found no association between the demographic characteristics and the utilization of the family oriented evaluation scale. The implication being that regardless of the differences in the respondents’ demographic characteristics, parents of autistic children can benefits from the use of reframing, passive appraisal, spiritual support, and mobilizing social support in child care.

Page(s): 06-10                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 July 2019

 Christiana Omone Bose MAKINDE
Department of Social Work and Human Services, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State Nigeria

 Olanrewaju Seun ADEGBITE
Department of Social Work and Human Services, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State Nigeria

 Titilayo OLAYODE
Department of Social Work and Human Services, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State Nigeria

Department of Social Work and Human Services, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State Nigeria

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Christiana Omone Bose MAKINDE, Olanrewaju Seun ADEGBITE, Titilayo OLAYODE, Mercy OMOZUSI “Demographic Characteristics, Coping Strategies and Parents with Autistic Children in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.06-10 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/06-10.pdf

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Significance and Health Benefits of Conch Shell
Pushpa K, Sanjana T – July 2019 – Page No.: 11-15

Sound and music significantly influence the state of human mind and emotions. Listening to low volume melodious and harmonic music will aid to have a relaxed state of mind. Sound waves produced by conch shell enhance positive psychological vibrations and leads to state of improved focus and performance. It is believed that blowing of conch shell have huge beneficiary effect on health especially on heart and respiratory system. There are various studies which promote the use of conch shell as a therapy to relieve stress and anxiety. In this paper, sound emanating from conch shell is analyzed in both time and frequency domain. The increase in brain’s activity due to the sound of conch shell is proved by recording brain wave data of test subject and processing it using MATLAB. The acquired EEG (Electroencephalogram) signal is filtered; its frequency spectrum and power spectral density is compared before and after hearing to sound from conch shell. Our goal is to prove the healing capability of sound from conch shell for people suffering from depression, anxiety, stress, hypertension, insomnia etc., as these cases have indeed increased a lot nowadays.

Page(s): 11-15                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 July 2019

 Pushpa K
Department of Electronics and Communication, BMSCE, Bangalore, India

 Sanjana T
Department of Electronics and Communication, BMSCE, Bangalore, India

[1]. “Why Hindus blow conch and significance of conch in Hinduism and Ayurveda”, https://mallstuffs.com/Blogs/BlogDetails.aspx?BlogId=394&BlogType=Spiritual&Topic=Why%20Hindus%20blow%20conch%20and%20significance%20of%20conch%20%20in%20Hinduism%20and%20ayurveda
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[6]. Tamara L. Goldsby, PhD, Michael E. Goldsby, Phd, Mary McWalters, BA, Paul J.Mills, Phd, “Effects of Singing Bowl Sound Meditation on Mood, Tension, and Well-being: An Observational Study”, Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 2017, Vol.22(3) 401-406.
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Pushpa K, Sanjana T “Significance and Health Benefits of Conch Shell” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp. 11-15 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/11-15.pdf

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Comparative Study of Online Vs Offline Shopping of Electronic Products

A. Prasanth, J. M. Antonyraj – July 2019 Page No.: 16-20

This study is about the comparative study of offline vs online shopping of electronic shopping towards behavior of buying, attitudes towards preferences of products buying online or offline (i.e. . The total respondent for this study is 100. Primary data is collected by using the simple questionnaire methods among college students in and around. Basic percentage analysis is done to know about the percentages of respondents wish to choose the products online or offline. SPSS 17.0 statistics tool is used for the analysis purposes. It is postulated that online and offline products influence brand equity, image, value, awareness, variety, offers. Cross tabulation and Chi square analysis is done to find the percentage and find is there any significance difference between the factors. The main purpose of the study is determine the young age people that what they prefer either online or offline to choose their products to get purchased and their way showing interest in choosing in online shopping.

Page(s): 16-20                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 July 2019

 A. Prasanth
Assistant Professor, School of Management Studies (SMS), Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam , Tamil Nadu

 J. M. Antonyraj
Assistant Professor, School of Management Studies (SMS), Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam , Tamil Nadu

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A. Prasanth, J. M. Antonyraj “Comparative Study of Online Vs Offline Shopping of Electronic Products” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.16-20 July 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/16-20.pdf

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Impacts of Rural Electrification in Omuma Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria

Ubani Princewill, John Baris Dekor, Neebee Bonny – July 2019 Page No.: 21-26

The study investigated the impacts of rural electrification project in omuma local government area of rivers state Nigeria. strongly, the analysis addressed two unambiguous objectives; to determine the impacts of rural electrification on land uses, explore the relationship between rural electrification and poverty eradication, and evaluate the variation of rural electrification impact across the communities. The structured questionnaire method was adopted for information achievement across the rural communities whereas Pearson product moment Correlation coefficient and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were the analytical or methodical tools pragmatic for data analysis. The examination revealed that land use activities: commercial, industrial, institutional and residential were positively impacted by the rural electrification in omuma local government. Discovered that there was a strong relationship between household income of (R = 0.44, p<.05),employment (R= 0.46, p<.05) and rural electrification. The investigation additionally shown that there was a significant difference (p< 001) of rural electrification impact across the communities. It is the utmost view of the research that since rural electrification impact differs across the communities, town planning authority and town planners in private and consultancy services should take cognizance of this when planning and allotting of various developmental land use activities across the communities. Specific town planning policies and programs should also focused on employment and income generation to decline poverty in the area.

Page(s): 21-26                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 July 2019

  Ubani Princewill
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Ken Saro – Wiwa Polytechnic Bori, Nigeria

 John Baris Dekor
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Ken Saro – Wiwa Polytechnic Bori, Nigeria

 Neebee Bonny
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Ken Saro – Wiwa Polytechnic Bori, Nigeria

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Ubani Princewill, John Baris Dekor, Neebee Bonny “Impacts of Rural Electrification in Omuma Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.21-26 July 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/21-26.pdf

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Development Plans and Policies in Nigeria: Observed Impediments and Practical Best Alternatives
Uche, Emmanuel – July 2019 – Page No.: 27-36

Since gaining independence in 1960, Nigeria had explored four 5-year development plans, one structural adjustment programme, two 3-year rolling plans, four visions and strategies including the recently lunched Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (ERGP). There seem to be an endless search for the best strategy for her developmental purposes as the country is still wandering around and manipulating all sorts of developmental initiatives. It is utterly disappointing that all the various planning initiatives the country had adopted had not delivered the much expected results rather the country is still battling with mounting developmental challenges. There is widespread poverty, hunger, unemployment, illiteracy, diseases, decaying and dilapidated infrastructures, excessive debt burden, among other things in the country. The study relied heavily on secondary source of information as it took a critical look at those factors responsible for the development planning failures as experienced in Nigeria. We identified factors like corruption, policy inconsistency/policy summersaults, lack of commitment towards implementation, over reliance on external doctrines, etc as some of the clogs on the wheel of Nigeria development. We recommend therefore, that governance in Nigeria must reflect the attribute of a going-concern (a continuum) and not of personal initiatives that can be jettisoned at any moment; secondly, a home-grown developmental strategy devoid of external dictates must be initiated and implemented to take Nigeria out of its present situation.

Page(s): 27-36                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 July 2019

 Uche, Emmanuel
Department of Economics, Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria.

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Uche, Emmanuel “Development Plans and Policies in Nigeria: Observed Impediments and Practical Best Alternatives” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.27-36 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/27-36.pdf

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Uptake of Bilateral Tubal Ligation as a Contraceptive Option at Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki over a Four Year Period
Darlington-Peter Chibuzor UGOJI, Fidelis Agwu ONU, Obiora Godfrey ASIEGBU, Uzoma Maryrose AGWU, Ugochi Chimerem UGOJI, Chibueze Haggai NJOKU – July 2019 – Page No.: 37-40

Background: Family planning is one of the 12 pillars of reproductive health and bilateral tubal ligation(BTL) is a permanent method of family planning among females with low acceptance rate in Africa. It results in mechanical blocking or interruption of the fallopian tubes to prevent sperm from fertilizing the egg. This study aimed to document bilateral tubal ligation rates, indications and methods used at Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki.
Methodology: This was a retrospective review of records from January 2012 to December 2015. The case files of all women who had bilateral tubal ligation were retrieved and reviewed. Data were retrieved, entered into a study proforma, reviewed and analyzed. The results were expressed using descriptive statistics.
Results: There was a total of 31 cases of bilateral tubal ligations(2.1%) out of the 1460 new acceptors of contraception within the study period. It were commonest among parturient aged 20–29years (41.4%), grandmultipara (72.4%), rural dwellers (75.9%), farmers (51.7%) and those with no formal education (38.1%). The commonest indication for bilateral tubal ligation was ruptured uterus (79.3%). Modified Pomeroy’s technique (75.9%) was the commonest method of tubal sterilization and majorly (79.3%) bilateral tubal ligation was done during laparotomy as a component of management of ruptured uterus. No complication specific to tubal ligation was noted.
Conclusion: Most of the bilateral tubal ligations were medically (Obstetrics) indicated and uptake was low compared to other forms of contraception.

Page(s): 37-40                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 July 2019

 Darlington-Peter Chibuzor UGOJI
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Ebonyi State

 Fidelis Agwu ONU
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Ebonyi State

 Obiora Godfrey ASIEGBU
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Ebonyi State

 Uzoma Maryrose AGWU
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Ebonyi State

 Ugochi Chimerem UGOJI
School of Nursing, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Ebonyi State

 Chibueze Haggai NJOKU
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Cross Rivers State

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Darlington-Peter Chibuzor UGOJI, Fidelis Agwu ONU, Obiora Godfrey ASIEGBU, Uzoma Maryrose AGWU, Ugochi Chimerem UGOJI, Chibueze Haggai NJOKU “Uptake of Bilateral Tubal Ligation as a Contraceptive Option at Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki over a Four Year Period” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp. 37-40 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/37-40.pdf

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Application of Geospatial Technology in Assessing the Impact of Urbanization on Vegetation Degradation in Kuje Area Council, Abuja Nigeria

Abakpa D. Ibrahim and Sunday P. Ejaro – July 2019 Page No.: 41-49

The level of Urbanization in Kuje Area Council in the last thirty (30) years has degraded the vegetation cover. This study used geospatial technology to assess the impact of urban growth on the vegetation cover between 1985 and 2015. The images of different epochs (1985, 1999 and 2015) were classified into built-up area, cultivated area, vegetation cover and bare land. This was carried out using ARC GIS 10.1, ILWIS 9.1 and ERDAS softwares for data generation and analysis. The result indicates that built-up area increased by (18.85%) and bare land increased by (10.26%) between 1985 and 2015 while vegetation cover and cultivated land were decreased by (-16.68%) and (12.44%). The study further recommend the urgent need to carry out the Master Plan Review to secure the vegetative land cover, particularly the forest lands which have been greatly encroached by urbanization. The government should encourage environmental sustainable programmes that will foster forest development, urban agriculture and other urban expansion processes in Kuje Area Council.

Page(s): 41-49                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 July 2019

 Abakpa D. Ibrahim
University of Abuja, Nigeria

 Sunday P. Ejaro
University of Abuja, Nigeria

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Abakpa D. Ibrahim and Sunday P. Ejaro “Application of Geospatial Technology in Assessing the Impact of Urbanization on Vegetation Degradation in Kuje Area Council, Abuja Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.41-49 July 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/41-49.pdf

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Degradation of Cellulose by Rumen Bacteria from Migratory Goats of North West Himalayan Region

Kavita Rana, Birbal Singh, S.S. Kanwar – July 2019 Page No.: 50-57

Total 54 bacterial isolates were obtained from the rumen of migratory goats of Himachal Pradesh. However, two isolates (CDB 2 and CDB 4) showed maximum enzymatic activity. The isolate CDB 2 showed maximum enzymatic activity at pH 7.0, temperature 40°C, incubation time 96h and yeast extract as the nitrogen source, whereas, isolate CDB 4 showed maximum activity at pH 7.0, temperature 50°C, incubation time 96h and peptone as the nitrogen source. The isolate CDB 2 was identified as Megasphaera species and CDB 4 as Prevotella species on the basis of Bergey’s manual of systematic classification

Page(s): 50-57                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 July 2019

 Kavita Rana
Department of Microbiology, College of Basic Sciences, CSK HP KVV, Palampur-176061, Himachal Pradesh, India

 Birbal Singh
ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Regional Station Palampur-176061, Himachal Pradesh, India

 S.S. Kanwar
Department of Microbiology, College of Basic Sciences, CSK HP KVV, Palampur-176061, Himachal Pradesh, India

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[26]. Sharma, D., Mal, G., Kannan, A., Bhar, R., Sharma, R., & Singh, B. (2017a). Degradation of euptox A by tannase‐producing rumen bacteria from migratory goats. Journal of applied microbiology, 123(5), 1194-1202.
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Kavita Rana, Birbal Singh, S.S. Kanwar “Degradation of Cellulose by Rumen Bacteria from Migratory Goats of North West Himalayan Region” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.50-57 July 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/50-57.pdf

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A Spatial Disparity Analysis of Fire Station Distribution in Lagos, Nigeria
Nicholas W. Eghagha – July 2019 – Page No.: 58-66

The spatial extent at which world cities have sprawled outside their original boundaries, has shown the limitations urban facilities have in meeting with the increased demand and service area. This has led to the question of spatial justice and equity with respect to access to these amenities. But the case for developing cities like Lagos is more drastic, where new sets of questions are emerging all together with a predominance of uneven location and distribution of public services and facilities. The study examined the spatial distribution of fire service facilities in Lagos, to highlight the disparity in their distribution. Using web mapping API query, descriptive analysis and correlation analysis, the study proceeded to establish a relationship between the income characteristics of settlements and the spatial location and distribution of fire service facilities in Lagos. The result showed that there exists a strong correlation between the affluence level of neighbourhoods and the location of fire stations in Lagos. The study recommended the need for social equality and evenness in the distribution of fire services facilities in Lagos, topromoteeven development and services availability acrossthe city, thus erasing social inequalities and evening out spatial differences.

Page(s): 58-66                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 23 July 2019

 Nicholas W. Eghagha
Kocaeli University, Turkey

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Nicholas W. Eghagha “A Spatial Disparity Analysis of Fire Station Distribution in Lagos, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.58-66 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/58-66.pdf

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Machining of Shape Memory Alloys through Different Non Conventional Machining Process

Shivangi Paliwal, Dr. P.Sudhakar. Rao – July 2019 Page No.: 67-70

Shape Memory Alloys are highly advanced materials which have the capability to restore themselves with change in pressure, temperature etc. They have variety of applications in aerospace, defense, biomedical etc. In case of shape memory alloys, nitinol is most commonly used. The objective of this sort of research is to identify the type of machining required as wire EDM, laser cutting, EDM etc and also to study the effect of various critical parameters as voltage, pulse off time, pulse on time,current on material removal rate, electrode wear rate, surface roughness etc. Thus different machining are used so as to maintain surface integrity in case of shape memory alloy.

Page(s): 67-70                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 July 2019

 Shivangi Paliwal
M.E. Scholar, Department of Mechanical Engineering NITTTR, Chandigarh, India

 Dr. P.Sudhakar. Rao
Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering NITTTR, Chandigarh, India

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Shivangi Paliwal, Dr. P.Sudhakar. Rao “Machining of Shape Memory Alloys through Different Non Conventional Machining Process” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.67-70 July 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/67-70.pdf

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Human Capital Development and Economic Growth in Nigeria
Babatunde O. Binuyo, Feyisayo, O. Ogunrinde and Adekunle, O. Binuyo – July 2019 – Page No.: 71-76

This study investigated the impact of human capital development on economic growth in in Nigeria from 1988 to 2017. Secondary data sourced from Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulleting covering a scope of 30 years (1980-2017) were used and the Ordinary Least Square Technique was used to analyse the data for purposes of testing the hypothesis. The study adopted real gross domestic product as the dependent variable while recurrent expenditure on health and recurrent expenditure on education were the independent variables.
The Augmented Dickey-fuller and Phillips-Perron unit root tests were adopted to obtain the stationarity of the variables and the results showed all the variables were stationary at first difference.
In conclusion, the study showed that recurrent expenditure on health had a positive effect on economic growth while recurrent expenditure on education had a positive relationship on economic growth in Nigeria.
The study therefore recommends that policy makers should strive to create institutional framework that increases school enrolment and improves basic healthcare services by strengthening the infrastructure of educational and health institutions that produce quality manpower.

Page(s): 71-76                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 July 2019

 Babatunde O. Binuyo
Economics Department, Veronica Adeleke School of Social Sciences, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria

 Feyisayo, O. Ogunrinde
Economics Department, Veronica Adeleke School of Social Sciences, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria

 Adekunle, O. Binuyo
Department of Business Administration & Marketing, School of Management Sciences, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria

[1]. Adediran, I. A. (2014). Public investment in human capital and economic growth in Nigeria: analysis on regime shifts. Journal of Economics and Development Studies , 2(2), 213-231.
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Babatunde O. Binuyo, Feyisayo, O. Ogunrinde and Adekunle, O. Binuyo “Human Capital Development and Economic Growth in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp. 71-76 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/71-76.pdf

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Histological Study of Effect of Ethanol Stem Extracts of Homalium Letestui on Thioacetamide – Induced Injury in Albino Rat, Using Various Staining Techniques

Joseph Oyepata Simeon, Builders Modupe, Wazis Chama Haruna, Sabastine Aliyu Zubairu, Musa Tabitha Lubo, Joseph Opeyemi Tosin – July 2019 Page No.: 77-85

Introduction/Aim: Knowledge of the normal histology of the multitude of tissue types within the body is necessary for the recognition and understanding of disease. Proper staining and evaluation of tissue damage is essential in research. Homalium letestui is an evergreen tree. The plant has been of immense benefit to traditional users. A bark-decoction, combined with other medicinal plants, is taken by draught for orchitis, and bark-scrapings enter a prescription given to a newly-delivered woman. In this study the histological effect of the ethanol stem extract of Homalium lestetui on rat thioacetamide induced liver injury was carried out using H&E and Gordon and Sweet silver impregnation Technique.

Method: Thirty six (36) rats where used for this work. Group one served as the positive control receiving normal saline, group two served as thioacetamide group, group 3 received silymarin 100 mg/mg, while group 4, 5 and 6 received 250, 500 and 750 mg/kg of the extract respectively. On the 8th day the animals in group 2-6 were administered 200mg/kg bw of thioacetamide dissolved in saline orally. Twenty hours later all animals were weighed again and sacrificed under light diethylether vapour. General staining procedure Hematoxylin and Eosin and the specific staining technique, Gordon and Sweet silver impregnation Technique were carried out on the liver. Haematological and chempathological investigation were also done.

Result: In H&E stain, there was disorganization of the texture of hepatic cells with centrilobular necrosis, hyperplasia, vascular and cellular degeneration, polymorphonuclear aggregation, inflammation and fatty degeneration in the thioacetamide -treated rats. The liver sections of the rats treated with extract showed signs of protection as was evident by slight areas of vacuolation, cellular proliferation. Gordon and sweet impregnation technique showed portal trial degeneration while pretreated group revealed slight reticular fiber degeneration with much roughed fiber observed in the rats that received 750 mg/kg dose of the extract. This result with other parameters carried out.

Conclusion: result indicates that the plant may prevent or protect the liver architecture

Page(s): 77-85                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 July 2019

 Joseph Oyepata Simeon
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bingham University, Nasarawa, Nigeria.

 Builders Modupe
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bingham University, Nasarawa, Nigeria.

 Wazis Chama Haruna
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Bornu Nigeria.

 Sabastine Aliyu Zubairu
Department of Pharmacology and Thaerapeutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gombe State University, Gombe State, Nigeria.

 Musa Tabitha Lubo
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gombe State University, Gombe State, Nigeria.

 Joseph Opeyemi Tosin
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

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Joseph Oyepata Simeon, Builders Modupe, Wazis Chama Haruna, Sabastine Aliyu Zubairu, Musa Tabitha Lubo, Joseph Opeyemi Tosin “Histological Study of Effect of Ethanol Stem Extracts of Homalium Letestui on Thioacetamide – Induced Injury in Albino Rat, Using Various Staining Techniques” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.77-85 July 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/77-85.pdf

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The Effects CD4+ Counts and Viral Load on the Distribution and Coinfectivity of Chlamydia trachomatis and Syphilis Infections among HIV Positive Women in Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria
Ezema, James Nnabuike, Dibua, Maria Esther – July 2019 – Page No.: 86-90

Objective: To investigate the effects of CD4+ and viral loads of HIV on the distribution of Chlamydia trachomatis and Syphylis infections among HIV-positive women in Nsukka, Enugu State.

Study Design: 100 HIV-seropositive women formed the test group while 100 HIV-seronegative women were used as control. Ethical clearance was obtained from the health facilities used. The study was carried out in Nsukka area of Enugu State, Nigeria, comprising urban, semi-urban and rural communities.

Methods: Plasma samples were used in the study. HIV antibodies were detected using the Determine (Alere, Japan) and the Gold (Trinity, Ireland). C. trachomatis and Syphilis antibodies were detected using CT IgG EIA kit (Xema, Russia) and Syphilis Ultra Rapid Test Strip Package Insert, (Global USA) respectively. CD4+ counts were determined by cytometry (CyFlow®). HIV viral loads of the samples were determined using DNA amplification and hybridization protocol. Statistical significance was determined using SPSS 16.0.

Results: Single infection occurred at CD4+ counts less than 500 cells/µl, while pair-wise infection occurred at CD4+ less than 400 cells/µl. Pair-wise infection for the test group was observed at CD4+ count less than 200 cells/µl while that of control occurred at CD4+ less than 400 cells/µl. Similarly, viral loads of the CT-positive samples ranged from 106888 to 645243 copies/ml while those of CT-negative samples in the same test group ranged from 1516 to 500217 copies/ml.

Conclusion: Sexually-transmitted infections (STIs) some of which present no immediate symptoms pose great public health challenge. Chlamydia trachomatis/ Syphilis co-infection is a serious health condition in HIV patients. This particular research confirms the reports on Chlamydia epidemiology from other parts of the world and also confirms HIV status as a strong risk factor of the diseases. Incorporation of CT and Syphilis diagnosis and treatment in the management of HIV infection is necessary.

Page(s): 86-90                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 July 2019

 Ezema, James Nnabuike
Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Medicine, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria.

 Dibua, Maria Esther
Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

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Ezema, James Nnabuike, Dibua, Maria Esther “The Effects CD4+ Counts and Viral Load on the Distribution and Coinfectivity of Chlamydia trachomatis and Syphilis Infections among HIV Positive Women in Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.86-90 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/86-90.pdf

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Effect of Administration Ethanol Leaf Extract of Terminalia Chebula on Liver of Wister Rat
Joseph Oyepata Simeon, Modupe Builders, Wazis Chama Haruna, Joseph Opeyemi Tosin, Sabastine Aliyu Zubairu, Musa Tabitha Lubo, Moh’d A. Sadiq – July 2019 – Page No.: 91-97

Introduction/Aim: Subacute toxicity tests are intended to evaluate the toxicity of the chemical after repeated administration and also to help in establishing doses for the longer-term subchronic studies. Plant has been one of the original and earliest source for correcting physiological changes in the humans body. Terminalia chebula, commonly known as black- or chebulic myrobalan, is a species of Terminalia, widely used in South Asia from India and Nepal east to southwest China (Yunnan), and south to Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and across Africa. It is widely used in management of various illment. This work is aim at evaluating the toxic effect of  Terminalia chebula on liver of wister rats.

Method: rats of either sex were selected. Group 1 received distilled water (10 ml/kg), while group 2, 3 and 4 received Terminalia Chebula 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg respectively. Animals were kept in standard cages and given access to the extract, water and food orally for 28 days, after which they were weighed and sacrificed.  Blood was collected by cardiac puncture and taken immediately for hematological and chemo pathological analysis. The liver and heart were also harvested for histological study of the effect of the plant using haematotoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining technique.

Result: There was Significant (P<0.05) decrease in RBC, HGB, MCV, while there was no significant change in the level of neutrophiles, basophiles, eosinophiles and platelets. There were also significant (P<0.05) increase in ALP, BILT and BILD. The liver showed slight vascular congestion and lymphocyte hyperplasia at 200 and 800 mg/kg dose while there was normal features for both 400 mg/kg and control.

Conclusion: Terminalia Chebula should be used with caution because it may have slight effect on the liver when taken for a prolong period of time.

Page(s): 91-97                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 July 2019

 Joseph Oyepata Simeon
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bingham University, Nasarawa, Nigeria

 Modupe Builders
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bingham University, Nasarawa, Nigeria

 Wazis Chama Haruna
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Maiduguri, Bornu State, Nigeria.

 Joseph Opeyemi Tosin
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

 Sabastine Aliyu Zubairu
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gombe State University, Gombe State, Nigeria.

 Musa Tabitha Lubo
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gombe State University, Gombe State, Nigeria.

 Moh’d A. Sadiq
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gombe State University, Gombe State, Nigeria.

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Joseph Oyepata Simeon, Modupe Builders, Wazis Chama Haruna, Joseph Opeyemi Tosin, Sabastine Aliyu Zubairu, Musa Tabitha Lubo, Moh’d A. Sadiq “Effect of Administration Ethanol Leaf Extract of Terminalia Chebula on Liver of Wister Rat” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp. 91-97 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/91-97.pdf

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Understanding of Basic Design Process and Techniques for Effective Museum Exhibition Design

Norfadilah Kamaruddin – July 2019 Page No.: 98-101

Museum plays an important role in preserving of cultural heritage to make it relevant to be regularly practiced and learned within communities and between generations. In context of that facts, there are certain types of delivery techniques used to demonstrate and delivery the information that are needed to know by new generation. And museums traditionally have transferred the collections-based through a variety of media presentation in the exhibition. Therefore, a few exhibitions are failed in gaining the visitors attention, engagement, interaction and further experiences. This moreover giving another effect where the richness of collections and all knowledge in the world will not grow and further are not appreciated by new generation. Towards this, in preparing an exhibition design for a museum is highly required the team to know not only the right visual elements in order to engage with the visitors but also understanding space, material and techniques. Thus, by examining the complexity of the design process of museum exhibition particularly on interface design production and techniques of exhibition, the outcomes will be significantly be a best-practiced for future museum exhibition performance in helping the shaping of knowledge for community.

Page(s): 98-101                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 July 2019

 Norfadilah Kamaruddin
Faculty of Art & Dessign, University Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia

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Norfadilah Kamaruddin “Understanding of Basic Design Process and Techniques for Effective Museum Exhibition Design” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.98-101 July 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/98-101.pdf

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Quantile Heteronormal of Minimum Wage Pricing in Nigeria

Peters .U. Onyilo, Samuel. A. Umoru – July 2019 Page No.: 102-104

It has been clearly observed that very few countries vividly perceive increasing Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of their economy has very positive relationship with development of human capital. While increase in wage can act as boost to development of human capital, the return on such investment by government is done with suspicion. Irreversible increase in minimum wage can take economy in either direction. The recursivity of contributing factors to increase in minimum wage are computed and over all outcomes is given as a probability distribution using quantile and
This paper used the concept of metric space and linear quantile regression of GDP on increase in minimum wage growth and inflation. Economic growth in Euclidean space is a continuous function of real value function of a real variable whose mapping can take any form.

Page(s): 102-104                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 July 2019

 Peters .U. Onyilo
Head of Department, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa, Kogi State, Nigeria

 Samuel. A. Umoru
Department of Mathematics, Federal University Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria

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Peters .U. Onyilo, Samuel. A. Umoru “Quantile Heteronormal of Minimum Wage Pricing in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.102-104 July 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/102-104.pdf

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Effects of Guided Discovery Method on Students’ Attitude to, and Achievement in Biology in Senior Secondary Schools, Bauchi State

Dr. R.G Dajal, Mohammed, Adamu Umar – July 2019 Page No.: 105-110

This study investigated the effects of guided discovery method on students ’attitude to and academic achievement in biology in senior secondary schools, Bauchi state. Two research questions were raised and two null hypotheses were formulated. The research design was quasi experimental non- equivalent control group; the study was carried out in two randomly selected co-educational secondary schools in Bauchi state. The sample size of 94 biology students from two randomly selected intact classes in the sampled schools was used. The instruments for data collection were Biology Achievement Test (BAT) and Biology Attitude Questionnaire (BAQ). Descriptive statistics were used to answer the research questions while t-test was used to test the null hypotheses. The results of the analysis showed that there was significant difference between the mean achievement scores of experimental group and control group; there was no significant difference between the mean achievement scores of male and female students in the experimental group. There was a significant difference between the mean attitude scores of experimental group and control group and there was no significant difference between the mean attitude scores of male and female students in experimental group. Based on the study it was concluded that guided discovery method has positive effect on students’ achievement as well as improving their attitude towards biology and it is gender friendly. Based on the findings, it is recommended that among others that seminars, workshops and conferences should be held for biology teachers to acquaint them with the knowledge of guided discovery method and they should be encouraged to use it in their classroom teaching.

Page(s): 105-110                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 01 August 2019

 Dr. R.G Dajal
Department of Science and Environmental Education, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria

 Mohammed, Adamu Umar
Department of Science and Environmental Education, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria

[1]. Ajewole, G.A. (1990). Effect of guided discovery and expository instructional methods on students’ transfer of learning.Journal of the Science Teachers Association of Nigeria, (2), 26 59-66.
[2]. Federal Republic of Nigeria (2014). National Policy on Education. Lagos: Heinemann Educational books Ltd.
[3]. Ibe, E. & Nwosu, A. A. (2003). Effects of Guided-Inquiry and Demonstration on Science Process Skills Acquisition among Secondary School Biology Students.Journal of the Science Teachers’ Association of Nigeria 38 (1 & 2) 58-63
[4]. Igwe, I.T. (2003) Enriching Science Education. The place of improvisation in the classroom. Science teachers’ association of Nigeria (STAN) 41st Annual conference proceedings pp 51-53
[5]. Matthew, B. M. & Igharo, O. K. (2013). A study of effects of guided inquiry teaching method on students’ achievement in logic: International Research Journal 2(1) available on line at www.iresearcher.org.
[6]. Nwagbo, C. (2001). The Relative Effect of Guided-discovery and Expository Methods on The Achievement of Biology Students of Different Levels of Scientific Literacy. Journal of Science Teachers ’Association of Nigeria.36 (18, 2), 43-51.
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[10]. Samikwa, D.C (2013). Factors which influence academic achievement in biology in Kenya. A perspective for global competitiveness. International Journal of currentresearch5(12),4296-4399.Availableonlinehttp//www.journal,cra.com Education 16:9-13.
[11]. Sola, A.O.& Ojo, O. E. (2007). Effects of Project, Inquiry and Lecture Demonstration Teaching Methods on Senior Secondary Students’ Achievement in Separation of Mixtures Practical Test. Educational Research and Review2(6),124-132 .
[12]. Ugwuadi, O. R. (2010).The effects of guided inquiry & lecture method on students’ academic achievement in biology in Adamawa state: knowledge review journal.21 (1) retrieved28/7/16from www.globalacademicgroup.com.

Dr. R.G Dajal, Mohammed, Adamu Umar “Effects of Guided Discovery Method on Students’ Attitude to, and Achievement in Biology in Senior Secondary Schools, Bauchi State” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.105-110 July 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/105-110.pdf

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https://www.rsisinternational.org/virtual-library/papers/effects-of-guided-discovery-method-on-students-attitude-to-and-achievement-in-biology-in-senior-secondary-schools-bauchi-state/” target=”_blank” rel=”noopener”>Effects of Guided Discovery Method on Students’ Attitude to, and Achievement in Biology in Senior Secondary Schools, Bauchi State

Investigation of Salivary Enzyme Levels in Periodontitis Patient of Bangladeshi Population: A Priliminary Study

Sharif Neaz, Sayeeda Monira Rahman, Fatema Tuz Jhura – July 2019 Page No.: 111-113

The aim of the study was to find any association exists between salivary enzyme ALP, ALT, AST and CK level of periodontitis Bangladeshi individuals with their pathological oral condition. In this study levels of ALP, ALT, AST and CK were determined in saliva sample of periodontitis patient. The experimental group contains 50 (fifty) periodontitis patient and 50 (fifty) healthy individuals were served as control. Saliva sample was collected in sample tube and biochemical analysis was done in Biochemistry semi automatic analyzer. Periodontitis was diagnosed by a dental surgeon based on Gingival index (GI), Probing depth (PD) and Clinical attachment loss (CAL). Results were analyzed statistically by one way ANOVA test with SPSS software. Salivary enzyme level of periodontitis patient was compared with the salivary enzyme level of normal control group. ALP, ALT, AST and CK level of periodontitis patients were increased in the saliva than that of control group.

Page(s): 111-113                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 01 August 2019

 Sharif Neaz
Lecturer, Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Tejgaon College, Dhaka-1215, Bangladesh

 Sayeeda Monira Rahman
Lecturer, Department of Biochemistry, Habibullah Bahar University College, Shantinagar, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh

 Fatema Tuz Jhura
Medical Officer, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Uttara Executive Centre (National Healthcare Network), Dhaka- 1230, Bangladesh

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[10]. Yoshie H, Tai H, Kobayashi T, Oda-Gou E, Nomura Y, Numabe Y, et al. Salivary enzyme levels after scaling and interleukin 1 genotypes in Japanese patients with chronic periodontitis. J Periodontol.2007;78:498–503.
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Sharif Neaz, Sayeeda Monira Rahman, Fatema Tuz Jhura “Investigation of Salivary Enzyme Levels in Periodontitis Patient of Bangladeshi Population: A Priliminary Study” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.111-113 July 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/111-113.pdf

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Quantitative Chemical Compositions of Neem (Azadirachtaindica) Leaf Aqueous Extracts in Sokoto, Nigeria

Garba, S., Mungadi, H. U. – July 2019 Page No.: 114-119

The aim of the present work was to study the chemical compositions of aqueous extract of Neem (Azadirachtaindica) leaf in Sokoto. The results obtained showed the presence of Tannin at1.4%, Oxalate at 1.41mg/100g, Phytate at 6.12mg/100g, Saponin at 22.55%, Cyanogenic glycoside at 2.05mg/100g, Alkaloid at 12.22%, Trypsin inhibitor at 6.25%, Flavonoid at 32.06%, Moisture content at 2.12%, Ash conten at 10.8%, Fibre at 16.20%, Protein at 14.53%, Fat at 5.82%, Carbohydrate at 59.53%, Energy value at 1,399.39Kj/100g, Vitamin A at 19.695mg/L, Vitamin B1 at 3.7mg/L, Vitamin B2 at 3.51mg/L, Vitamin B6 at 358.71mg/L, Vitamin C at 3154mg/L, Vitamin E at 33.98mg/L, Zinc at 0.1572ppm, Sodium at 5.7302ppm, Magnesium at 0.5802ppm, Phosphorus at 8.52ppm, Calcium at 7.2875ppm, Iron at 3.68ppm and Potassium at 9.0ppm
These results indicated that neem leaf aqueous extracts may serve as a useful ingredient in dietof especially animals and may exhibit immunomodulatory as well as anti-inflammatory, antihyperglycaemic; antiulcer; antimalarial; antifungal; antibacterial; antiviral; antioxidant; antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic characteristics.

Page(s): 114-119                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 01 August 2019

 Garba, S.
Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
 Mungadi, H. U.
Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria

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[12]. Biu, A. A., Yusufu, S.D. and Rabo, J.S. (2009). Studies on the Effects of Aqueous Leaf Extracts of Neem (AzadirachtaindicaA .Juss) on Haematological Parameters in Chicken. , 10(4): 4–7.
[13]. Bonsu, F. R. K., Kagya-Agyemang, J. K. Kwenin, W. K. J. and Zanu, H. K. (2012). Medicinal response of broiler chickens to diets containing Neem (Azadirachtaindica) leaf meal, haematology and meat sensory analysis.World Applied Science, 19: 800–805.
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Garba, S., Mungadi, H. U. “Quantitative Chemical Compositions of Neem (Azadirachtaindica) Leaf Aqueous Extracts in Sokoto, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.114-119 July 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/114-119.pdf

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Enhancing Lecturers’ Competencies in the Utilization of Instructional Media Devices in Agricultural Education in Colleges of Education in Benue State
Christopher Mkulega Shishi, Deborah Ogbene Onu, Gbeyongu Frederick Terkimbi – July 2019 – Page No.: 120-126

This paper focused on enhancing lecturers’ competencies in the utilization of instructional media devices in agricultural education in colleges of education in Benue State, Nigeria. Three research questions guided the study and hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted a descriptive survey design, using a sample of 250 respondents for data collection. With the instrument titled: Competencies in the Utilization of Instructional Media Devices Questionnaire (CUIMDQ) was structured by the researchers from the literature review and was face validated by three experts. The internal consistency of the questionnaire was determined using Cronbach alpha (α). The Cronbach alpha coefficient of 0.78 was obtained. The data collected were analyzed using means and standard deviation to answer research questions while t-test was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. It was found that 11 strategies for enhancing lecturers competencies in the utilization of instructional media devices/materials; 12 importance of effective utilization instructional media devices in agricultural education and 12 problems associated with utilization of instructional media devices by lecturers’ are needed to enhance lecturers’ competence in the utilization of instructional media devices in agricultural education in colleges of education in Benue state, Nigeria. It was recommended among others that lecturers’ needed competence in the utilization of instructional media devices/materials in vocational agriculture and technology education in colleges of education Benue State, Nigeria.

Page(s): 120-126                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 August 2019

 Christopher Mkulega Shishi
Department of Agricultural Education, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria

 Deborah Ogbene Onu
Department of Agricultural Education, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria

 Gbeyongu Frederick Terkimbi
Department of Agricultural Education, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria

[1]. Adeniyi, A, A. (2001). Methodology and instructional materials: A new approach to teaching religions in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Ibadan: Relinks Konsults.
[2]. Agbulu, O. N. & Wever, D. G. (2011). Introduction to vocational agricultural education. Makurdi, Benue State: Selfers Academic Press Ltd.
[3]. Agbulu, O.N. & Elaigwu, O.A. (2014). Environmental Education and Management for Students in Tertiary Institution in Nigeria. Makurdi. SAP Publishing House. Benue State.
[4]. Agbulu, O.N. & Olaitan, S.O. (2002). Comparative Vocational Technical Education System in U.S.A. Great Britain and Japan: Lesson for Nigeria; Aboki Publishers; 1st edition. Benue state.
[5]. Agbulu, O.N. (2002). Methodology of Vocational Agriculture and Guidance. Makurdi; Aboki publishers: 1st edition. Benue state.
[6]. Asogwa, V. C., Onu, D. O. & Egbo, B. N. (2013). Availability and utilization of instructional materials for effective teaching of fish production to students in senior secondary schools in Benue State, Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8(49), 6601-6607.
[7]. Bello, H. & Shuaibu, B. (2013). State of facilities for teaching electrical installation and maintenance work trade in technical colleges in Bauchi State, Nigeria. International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education,5(5),82-91.
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Christopher Mkulega Shishi, Deborah Ogbene Onu, Gbeyongu Frederick Terkimbi “Enhancing Lecturers’ Competencies in the Utilization of Instructional Media Devices in Agricultural Education in Colleges of Education in Benue State” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.120-126 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/120-126.pdf

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Effect of Partial Replacement of Soya bean (Glycin max) with African Locust Bean (Parkia biglobosa) on the Growth Performance and Carcass of Clarias gariepins Fingerlings
F. Eze – July 2019 – Page No.: 127-132

This study aims to evaluate the effect of utilizing Locust Bean (Parkia biglobosa) Seed Meal (LBSM) as an alternate protein source for Clarias gariepinus. The study was conducted in Nwochas Farm, Maiduguri. The experimental diets were formulated to contain LBSM at levels of 25%, 50%, 75% inclusions and were labelled as T2, T3, T4 respectively with diet T1 acting as control. All diets were formulated isonitrogenously using pearson square method with 35% Crude Protein. A 56 days feeding trial was conducted using Clarias gariepinus fingerlings which were randomly distributed in a 2m x 2m2hapas in earthen ponds in triplicates at a stocking rate of 20 fish per hapa. The experimental design was completely randomized. The fish were fed at 5% body weight twice daily. The proximate analysis of the diets and carcass composition of the diets and water quality parameters were determined. Data of each parameters were subjected to ANOVA while means of various results were compared at 5% level of significance. The results showed that there was no significant different (p<0.05) in Weight gain, Specific growth rate, Feed conversion ratio, Protein conversion rate and Conditional factor of fish fed LBSM diets. But there was significant different between fish fed with control and LBSM in percent survival value. This study indicate that LBSM can replace soya bean up to 50% in the diets of Clarias gariepinus  for optimum growth performance and nutrient utilization.

Page(s): 127-132                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 August 2019

 F. Eze
Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Faculty of Marine Environmental Management, Nigeria Maritime University, Okerenkoko, Delta State, Nigeria

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F. Eze “Effect of Partial Replacement of Soya bean (Glycin max) with African Locust Bean (Parkia biglobosa) on the Growth Performance and Carcass of Clarias gariepins Fingerlings” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.127-132 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/127-132.pdf

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Effects of Cyanide and Thiocyanate on Thyroxine in Rabbits
Adedeji S. Asher, Chris A. Etonihu and Dauda S. Mary – July 2019 – Page No.: 133-136

Effects of cyanide and thiocyanate on triiodothionine (T3) and the tetraiodothyonine (T4) of the thyroxine were determined on some rabbits selected from Keffi town in Nigeria. The rabbits were fed with food mixed with controlled amounts of cyanide and thiocyanate solutions over a period of six weeks.  The effects of cyanide and thiocyanate on the thyroxine were determined spectrophotometrically on  seven groups of the rabbit samples R1 (control) to R7.  The results showed a significant (<0.05) depletion in T3 and T4 over the period of six weeks of the studies. For Rabbits R2 (T3: from 3.08ngml-1 to 3.00 ngm l-1; T4: from 132.2 ngm l-1 to 132.0 ngm l-1); R3 (T3: from 3.06 ngm l-1  to 3.06 ngml T4: from 132.00 ngm l-1  to 131.60 ngm l-1); R4 (T3: no change; T4: from 132.40 ngml-1  to 129.50 ngm l-1); R5 (T3: from 3.05 ngm l-1  to 3.00 ngm l-1; T4: from 132.10 ngml-1 to 131.50 ngml-1); R6 (T3: no change; T4: 132.00 ngml-1  to 130.00 ngml-1) and R7(T3: from 3.08 ngml-1 to 2.90 ngml-1; T4: from 133.00 ngml-1  to 129.50 ngm l-1). Although the thyroid levels of the animal samples were affected by both the cyanide and the thiocyanate, no visible change in the size of the thyroid glands were observed within the period.

Page(s): 133-136                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 August 2019

 Adedeji S. Asher
Chemistry Unit, Mathematics Programme, National Mathematical Centre, P. M. B. 118, Abuja, Nigeria

 Chris A. Etonihu
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Natural and Applied Science, Nasarawa State University, P. M. B. 1022, Keffi, Nigeria

 Dauda S. Mary
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Applied and Natural Sciences, University of Abuja, P. M. B. 117, Abuja, Nigeria

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Adedeji S. Asher, Chris A. Etonihu and Dauda S. Mary “Effects of Cyanide and Thiocyanate on Thyroxine in Rabbits” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.133-136 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/133-136.pdf

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Effect of Germination Time, Light & Hydrolysis on Antioxidants and Antioxidant Activities of Soya Beans (Glycine max)
Henry C. Uro-Chukwu, Eric C. Okoli, Laura C. Okpala – July 2019 – Page No.: 137-145

Soybean is a high protein, easily grown, affordable, accessible and culturally acceptable legume, commonly consumed in most LMIC. Its protein content are said to be degraded into smaller beneficial peptides with germination time and some other conditions in most climes. Such peptides have antioxidant properties that explain its health benefits.
In this study, locally grown soya bean was germinated with and without light for days 1 – 6, and the flour divided into four treatment groups (SBUD, SBHD, SBUL, & SBHL), that was evaluated for antioxidants and antioxidant properties and the results compared.
The results showed differences in TFC, TPC, RPA, GPX, MDA, CAT & DPPH, with those germinated under light and hydrolyzed, showing better antioxidants and properties. The optimal germination time defined by DPPH activity of 61% with excellent correlation with MDA (r value = 0.827) and good correlation with CAT (r value = 0.607) was observed in Day 2 SBHL. It can therefore be said that sprouted soya bean exhibits better antioxidant profile especially when hydrolyzed and germinated with light than raw seeds.

Page(s): 137-145                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 August 2019

 Henry C. Uro-Chukwu
Department of Community Medicine, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

 Eric C. Okoli
Department of Social Mobilization & Disease Control, National Obstetrics Fistula Centre, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

 Laura C. Okpala
Department of Food Science & Technology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria

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Henry C. Uro-Chukwu, Eric C. Okoli, Laura C. Okpala “Effect of Germination Time, Light & Hydrolysis on Antioxidants and Antioxidant Activities of Soya Beans (Glycine max) ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.137-145 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/137-145.pdf

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Smart and Secure Home Using Facial Recognition System
Rashmi N, Khazal Ammaarah, Ujwala L – July 2019 – Page No.: 146-148

The two important facets of human being is security and surveillance. The most significant feature of any home security system is to be able to detect who is entering or leaving the house. This paper presents a new technique which can prevent theft in highly secure home environment with reduced power consumption and more reliable standalone security device for both security and intruder detection through “face recognition door lock security system”. This system is acheived by using Raspberry pi circuit.Each time an individual walks in front of the door, the system recognizes the face and if the face is recorded then the door is unlocked. Otherwise the door does not unlock.

Page(s): 146-148                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 August 2019

 Rashmi N
Department of Electronics and Communication, BMS Institute of Technology and Management, Avalahalli Yelahanka Bengaluru 560064, Karnataka, India

 Khazal Ammaarah
Department of Electronics and Communication, BMS Institute of Technology and Management, Avalahalli Yelahanka Bengaluru 560064, Karnataka, India

 Ujwala L
Department of Electronics and Communication, BMS Institute of Technology and Management, Avalahalli Yelahanka Bengaluru 560064, Karnataka, India

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Rashmi N, Khazal Ammaarah, Ujwala L “Smart and Secure Home Using Facial Recognition System” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.146-148 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/146-148.pdf

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Solution of 1-Dimensional Steady State Heat Conduction Problem by Finite Difference Method and Resistance Formula
Nagesh Babu Reddy K T – July 2019 – Page No.: 149-153

In mathematics, Finite-difference methods are numerical methods for approximating the solutions to differential equations using finite difference equations to approximate derivatives. Finite differences method is used in soil physics problems. An important application of finite differences is in numerical analysis, especially in numerical differential equations, which aim at the numerical solution of ordinary and partial differential equations respectively. Finite Difference Method is mainly preferred because of we can solve the problems which are difficult to solve from conventional engineering methods. In this paper we are solving the one dimensional steady state heat conduction problems by finite difference method and comparing the results with exact solutions obtained by using Resistance formula. In this paper we are solving the problems by using the Resistance formula because it gives the exact solutions. To solve the problem by Finite Difference Method we are using some mathematical applications they are Taylor series, Fourier series, crammer’s rule. After the solutions are obtained from the both methods we have to draw the graphs to show that both the obtained results are equal.

Page(s): 149-153                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 August 2019

 Nagesh Babu Reddy K T
Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities & Sciences (Mathematics), Navodaya Institute of Technology, Raichur, Karnataka, India

 Dr. H K Shivanand
Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University Visveswarayya College of Engineering, Bengaluru-560001, Karnataka, India.

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Nagesh Babu Reddy K T “Solution of 1-Dimensional Steady State Heat Conduction Problem by Finite Difference Method and Resistance Formula” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.149-153 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/149-153.pdf

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Effect of Debt to Equity Ratio on Financial Performance of Microfinance Institutions in Kenya
Wycliffe Mugun, Scholastica A. Odhiambo, Gideon Momanyi- July 2019 – Page No.: 154-162

Microfinance is the provision of a broad range of financial services such as deposits, loans, payment services, money transfers and insurance to the poor and low-income households and their micro enterprises. However, owing to the fact that there is limited literature on the determinants of financial performance, various studies conducted indicate divergent views on the effect of debt to equity ratio on financial performance. For this reasons it is not clear whether or not debt to equity ratio affect financial performance of microfinance institutions (MFIs) in Kenya. The main objective of the study was to investigate the effect of debt to equity ratio on financial performance of MFIs in Kenya. The specific objectives were to; find out the effect of debt to equity ratio, portfolio to assets ratio and operating expense ratio on the financial performance of MFIs in Kenya. Sample size consisted a panel data set of 12 MFIs selected using purposing sampling method for the period from 2009 to 2013 and secondary data was collected. Fixed effect model was the preferred model based on the Hausman specification but the study used random effect model since fixed effect model gave insignificant results. Random effect model results revealed that debt to equity ratio had a negative but insignificant relationship with return on assets ratio. Portfolio to assets ratio had a positive relationship with financial performance but the relationship was not significant. Operating expense ratio had negative and significant relationship with return to assets ratio. The coefficient for lagged return to assets ratio was 0.4733, debt to equity ratio was -0.0026, portfolio to assets ratio was 0.0090 and coefficient for operating expense ratio was -0.1857. P-values for DER was 0.878 , PAR, 0.686 and OER, 0.000. The study recommends that AMFI should conduct audit to ensure that all MFIs maintain a proper balance between debt and equity.

Page(s): 154-162                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 August 2019

 Wycliffe Mugun
Department of Economics, Maseno University, Kenya

 Scholastica A. Odhiambo
Department of Economics, Maseno University, Kenya

 Gideon Momanyi
Department of Economics, Maseno University, Kenya

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Wycliffe Mugun, Scholastica A. Odhiambo, Gideon Momanyi “Effect of Debt to Equity Ratio on Financial Performance of Microfinance Institutions in Kenya” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.154-162 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/154-162.pdf

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Delineation of the Subsurface Geological Structures over Shani Basement and Environs, North-East Nigeria, Using Aeromagnetic Data
Bello Sani and Hassan U. Msheliza- July 2019 – Page No.: 163-168

Qualitative analysis of aeromagnetic data over Shani and its environs had been carried out with the aim of delineating mineral potential zone. The study area is bounded by 9o 30ʹ N and 10o 30ʹ N, and longitudes 11o 30ʹ E and 12o 30ʹ E. N with an estimated total area of 12,100 km2. Different enhancement techniques were used to filter the short wavelength anomalies which could give preliminary information about the magnetic minerals present in the study area. The total magnetic intensity map shows variation of both highs and lows magnetic signature ranges from – 31.9.2 nT to 220.8 nT and -29.5 nT to 213.4 nT after the removal of IGRF value of 33,000 nT; the highs which is basement dominates the north- and north-east part of the study area which corresponds to Wuyo, Walama and part of Shelleng; these are areas with promising minerals of economic potentials like, Uranium, porphyritic granite etc. The low magnetic values on the other hand, which is made up of sediment deposition also dominates the southern part of the study area, this area corresponds to southern part of Wuyo, Bargu, Kire and Shelleng and Guyuk host some industrial minerals like limestone, Clay, glass Sands, gypsum and Coal. The greenish part of the study area indicates alluvium deposition. The filters used are vertical derivatives, and horizontal derivative. The first and second vertical derivatives; shows structures like lineament that could be the host to minerals present in the study area and it trends NE-SW. The horizontal derivative map shows that magnetic amplitude highs could be found at the northern end with most lineaments delineated also conform to other filter used which could be used to mapped shallow basement structures and mineral exploration targets. Lineament map obtained from CET shows linear structures that trend in the NE-SW and E-W directions these could be interpreted as veins that are host for minerals within the area, they are predominant around Wuyo and Shani in Borno State and Shelleng in Adamawa State The results of these filters agreed largely and since most magnetic minerals are structural controls, it is expected that those lineaments identified, most especially at the northern and north east portions, could play host to those minerals aforementioned.

Page(s): 163-168                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 August 2019

 Bello Sani
Physics Department College of Education Waka – Biu , Borno State, Nigeria

 Hassan U. Msheliza
Physics Department College of Education Waka – Biu , Borno State, Nigeria

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Bello Sani and Hassan U. Msheliza “Delineation of the Subsurface Geological Structures over Shani Basement and Environs, North-East Nigeria, Using Aeromagnetic Data” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.163-168 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/163-168.pdf

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A Comparative Study on Various Image Segmentation Techniques
C. M. Naga Sudha, T. Brinda- July 2019 – Page No.: 169-175

Medical images(CT scans, MRI scans) play a vital role in diagnosing the disease. In order to diagnose the disease, medical images must be viewed clearly. So for clear visual appearance, medical images have been splitted into Region of Interest(RoI) and Non-Region of Interest(RoI) in which RoI must be visualized clearly for diagnosing the disease and to provide preventive measures. Therefore, to focus only on the RoI which is diagnostically important, segmentation is used. Segmentation is the most fundamental and important technique which is used to analyze images. The main aim of segmentation method is to simplify the complex problem into simpler ones by dividing the pixels based on the characteristics. After segmenting the image into regions, the pixel information can be stored and transmitted without any loss. Hence, there is a need for developing segmentation algorithms which consumes minimal time. In this work, existing segmentation methods such as edge-based segmentation, region-based segmentation, threshold-based segmentation, clustering-based segmentation have been analyzed based on the performance.

Page(s): 169-175                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 08 August 2019

 C. M. Naga Sudha
Teaching Fellow, Anna University, MIT Campus, Chennai- 600 025, India

 T. Brinda
AP/CSE, Anna University Regional Campus, Tirunelveli-627007, India

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C. M. Naga Sudha, T. Brinda”A Comparative Study on Various Image Segmentation Techniques” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.169-175 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/169-175.pdf

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Adoption of Improved Management Technologies among Poultry Farmers in Igabi Local Government Area, Kaduna State, Nigeria
Ishola, B.F. and Olukotun, O.- July 2019 – Page No.: 176-181

The study investigated the adoption of improved management techniques among poultry farmers in Igabi Local Government Area of Kaduna State. Data were collected randomly through the use of well-structured questionnaire and personal oral interview from seventy two (72) poultry farmers. Descriptive statistics such as mean score, percentage and frequency table were used to analyse the data. The findings indicated that majority (68.06 %) of the respondents were male, while about 76% of the farmers were between the ages of 20-49 years old. Awareness of the improved management technologies were 100 % for both vaccination and improved feeding technologies among the farmers respectively. The mean score showed that 75.70 % of the poultry farmers had good awareness of the technologies, 72.40% of the farmers had interest in the improved technologies and 66.67 % claimed to have evaluated these improved poultry management technologies. Vaccination had the highest adoption level of 100 where about 66.49 % of the poultry farmers had adopted one or more of these technologies, 19.27% were at trial stage while 14.41 % of the farmers failed to adopt one or any of the improved management technologies in the study area. Improved technologies were too expensive (95.83%), lack of credit/funds to adopt (93.06%), lack of government support (77.78%) and lack of training (66.67%) were the major constraints affecting adoption of poultry management technologies in the study area. In view of the findings, the study highlighted the need for government to address the issue of credit availability through an institutionalize frame work aimed at linking farmers to formal sources of credit, if the quantum of poultry production is to keep pace with the protein requirement of the population. The study also recommended that farmers should establish cooperative society so that they can pool their resources and knowledge together in solving most of the problems identified in this study.

Page(s): 176-181                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 08 August 2019

 Ishola, B.F.
Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan.Oyo State, Nigeria

 Olukotun, O.
Federal College of Forestry Mechanization P.M.B. 2273, Afaka-Kaduna, Nigeria

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Ishola, B.F. and Olukotun, O. “Adoption of Improved Management Technologies among Poultry Farmers in Igabi Local Government Area, Kaduna State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.176-181 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/176-181.pdf

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Determinants of Sustainable Performance of SMEs: A Proposed Framework
Amina Asabe Adamu, Chong Yen Wan, Abdullahi Hassan Gorondutse- July 2019 – Page No.: 182-188

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) play a vital role in the sustainable development of a nation. They are the core of an economic system as they provide employment and contribute to GDP. The need for their sustainable performance is therefore important. This paper presents a conceptual framework aimed at investigating the factors that influence the sustainable performance of SMEs. Though, the number of researches that focused on SMEs seem to increase, previous literature reveals there is a dearth of studies exploring the factors that influence SMEs performance from sustainability perspectives, whether conceptual or empirical. Moreover, the findings of the few studies in this area were inconsistent. The study identifies five factors that are necessary and applicable to the sustainable performance of SMEs. The five factors are ethical sensitivity, knowledge sharing intensity, access to ICT, access to finance, and innovativeness. The study suggests an empirical investigation to test the moderating effect of innovativeness on the relationship between ethical sensitivity, knowledge sharing intensity, access to ICT, access to finance, and sustainable performance of SMEs

Page(s): 182-188                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 August 2019

 Amina Asabe Adamu
School of Business Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia

 Chong Yen Wan
School of Business Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia

 Abdullahi Hassan Gorondutse
School of Business Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia

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Amina Asabe Adamu, Chong Yen Wan, Abdullahi Hassan Gorondutse “Determinants of Sustainable Performance of SMEs: A Proposed Framework” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.182-188 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/182-188.pdf

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Effects of Dividend Policy on Corporate Performance of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria
USMAN Owolabi. A., OLORUNNISOLA Abiola. O- July 2019 – Page No.: 189-194

Dividend policy refers to firm decision framework on payout pattern from corporate earnings. The quantum of such payment has largely conveyed acceptance/rejection information about such share in the Nigerian capital market. Firm’s dividend policy has been identified as a major determinant of investors’ attraction to a corporate share in the capital market. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of dividend policy on corporate performance in selected Nigeria Deposit Money Banks (NDMBs). Purposive random sampling method was used to select seven out of the sixteen quoted NDMBs based on the size of their capital. Secondary data used were obtained from annual reports of sampled NDMBs and Nigerian Stock Exchange over a period of ten years (2009-2018). The variables used in this study included Retained Earnings (RE), Earning Per Share (EPS), Dividend Per Share (DPS), Return On Equity (ROE), Dividend Payout (DPO), and Market Value (MV). Collected data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics such as the mean, Standard deviation and Panel regression. Panel regression was used to assess the effects of dividend policy on corporate performance of NDMBs. The results showed that RE, EPS and DPS had positive significant effect on CP with coefficient value of 0.459; (p < 0.000), 0.003; (p < 0.003), 0.788; (p < 0.001) respectively with Adj. R2 = 0.311. The research concluded that dividend policy has significant effect on corporate performance of NDMBs. This study recommended that, managers should improve their working capital and measure them with fair value. Also, banks should increase the level of asset capital to improve profitability. They should be consistent with dividend payout ratio of the shareholder of NDMBs.

Page(s): 189-194                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 August 2019

 USMAN Owolabi. A.
Department of Management and Accounting, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomosho, Oyo State, Nigeria

Department of Management and Accounting, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomosho, Oyo State, Nigeria

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USMAN Owolabi. A., OLORUNNISOLA Abiola. O “
Effects of Dividend Policy on Corporate Performance of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria
” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.189-194 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/189-194.pdf

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Analysis of Yam Production in Ondo State, Nigeria
O. O, Ilemobayo and J. O, Ijigbade- July 2019 – Page No.: 195-200

The study analyses determinants and profitability of yam production in Ondo State. A well-structured questionnaire was used to collect primary data. A multi-stage sampling technique were used to select respondents in the study area. The results shows a positive relationship between the amount realized from sale of yam output and the explanatory variables such as clearing cost(0.219), heaping cost(8.693), staking cost(1.241), cost of yam setts(3.925) and harvesting cost(5.383). The result also shows an inverse relationship between transportation cost (- 1.185) and amount realized from sales of yam. The R2 value of 0.898 indicating 89.8 % of the variance in the dependent variable is explained by the explanatory variables. The result of the socio-economic characteristics shows that 63.3% of the farmers were in their active age of not more than 45year, 66.7 % were male, 83.3 % married, 91.7% had one form of education or the other, 58.3% had contact with extension agents and 76.7% cultivated above 1ha of land. The gross margin analysis revealed that yam production had a positive gross margin of ₦31,981.66the implication of this is that yam production in the study area is profitable and a return on investment of ₦1.40 shows that on every ₦1 invested, 40 kobo is realized.

Page(s): 195-200                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 August 2019

 O. O, Ilemobayo
Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria

 J. O, Ijigbade
Department of Agricultural Technology, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria

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O. O, Ilemobayo and J. O, Ijigbade” Analysis of Yam Production in Ondo State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.195-200 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/195-200.pdf

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Transforming Teacher Education and Learning in Ghana: The Impact of a Continuous Professional Development on Physics Teaching at the Colleges of Education
Isaac Sonful Coffie- July 2019 – Page No.: 201-206

The colleges of education in Ghana have been involved in a continuous professional development for over four years with support of Transforming Teacher Education and Learning (T-TEL). The main purpose of this research was to assess the perceived impact of the continuous professional programme on physics teaching at the colleges of education. Descriptive cross sectional survey was used for the study. An online survey was conducted which was completed by 85 physics tutors. The survey data were analysed using means and standard deviations and ANOVA. It was found that the professional development is perceived by the physics tutors to have great impact on their teaching practice. It was also found out that there was no statistical significant difference in the perceived impact of the professional development based on tutors’ experience. It was concluded that if the student teachers who are being trained by these tutors will learn these ideas from their tutors and practice them, teaching at the basic schools will be more interactive, students-centered and gender responsive.

Page(s): 201-206                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 August 2019

 Isaac Sonful Coffie
Wiawso College of Education

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Isaac Sonful Coffie,”Transforming Teacher Education and Learning in Ghana: The Impact of a Continuous Professional Development on Physics Teaching at the Colleges of Education” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 7, pp.201-206 July 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-7/201-206.pdf

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