Volume VI Issue XII

Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Users’ Perspicacity in Lagos, Nigeria: Lesson from Primero Transport Service

IBRAHIM-ADEDEJI K. B., Hassan, Y. O., Eniolawun, O.S., Badmus, A.A. – December 2019 Page No.: 01-05

The transport system is vital to the welfare of any nation, and the benefits of a carefully planned and efficiently managed transport system spread far beyond the transport field itself. This study examines Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) users’ perspicacity in Lagos, Nigeria with a view to provide useful information and add to existing studies on transport and perception. Three hundred ninety-four questionnaire’s (394) were randomly appraised from commuters’ that travel frequently through the buses. The study found that commuters were satisfied with the service offered by Primero, physical hygiene of the buses, interior and exterior appearance of the buses, customer services, level of cleanliness, mode of operation, timely and service delivered by Primero transport services. The study concludes that more still needs to be done of managing success and recommend that they should improve practical tools and guidelines, streamlining of systems, aiming for a more user-friendly integrated approach with better prioritization and introduction of new requirements across the organization.

Page(s): 01-05                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 December 2019

Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Lagos State Polytechnic, Ikorodu, Lagos, Nigeria

 Hassan, Y. O.
Post Graduate Student, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Lagos, Akoka, Nigeria

 Eniolawun, O.S.
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Lagos State Polytechnic, Ikorodu, Lagos, Nigeria

 Badmus, A.A.
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Lagos State Polytechnic, Ikorodu, Lagos, Nigeria

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IBRAHIM-ADEDEJI K. B., Hassan, Y. O., Eniolawun, O.S., Badmus, A.A. “Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Users’ Perspicacity in Lagos, Nigeria: Lesson from Primero Transport Service” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.01-05 December 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/01-05.pdf

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Design and Optimization of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) for Pipe Line Inspection
Muhammed Hasnain Kabir Nayeem, Md. Thariqul Islam Pranto, Raad Shahmat Haque, Taimum Al-Nafis – December 2019 – Page No.: 06-09

Gas, oil and electrical power companies usually carry out a regular inspection to check the status of their transmission lines to ensure safe and economical working condition. This inspection process may be completed by using helicopter fitted with external gimbals housing infrared and ultraviolet camera to recognize the heat difference or on foot and requires individuals to inspect power lines from the ground level. This solution is fairly expensive and time-consuming, sometimes injurious for the inspection crew. In this present study, we try to demonstrate a design process of a lightweight unmanned aerial vehicle which incorporated with an extremely lightweight airborne laser scanner to perform the concerning task. The UAV is advanced and designed to carry 5kg of payload covering a range of 50km. Using gasoline-powered engine enables it to carry extra gasoline and fly for a long period of time. Tapered wing configuration creates a dihedral effect which gives the aircraft more lift and stability and reduces the load on the engine. This paper presents the design methodology, performance analysis and manufacturing process of the UAV.

Page(s): 06-09                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 17 December 2019

 Muhammed Hasnain Kabir Nayeem
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technolog (MIST), Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

 Md. Thariqul Islam Pranto
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technolog (MIST), Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

 Raad Shahmat Haque
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technolog (MIST), Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

 Taimum Al-Nafis
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technolog (MIST), Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

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Muhammed Hasnain Kabir Nayeem, Md. Thariqul Islam Pranto, Raad Shahmat Haque, Taimum Al-Nafis “Design and Optimization of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) for Pipe Line Inspection” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.06-09 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/06-09.pdf

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Statistical Analysis of Insecurity and Criminal Cases in Ibadan, Oyo State Nigeria
Saheed. A. Afolabi – December 2019 – Page No.: 10-18

This research examines the state of insecurity and criminal cases within the Ibadan community and its environs. Despite several security measures put in place by the Government to curb criminal activities, the state of insecurity and criminal related activities is on the increase and becoming worrisome and embarrassing. This research uses two sets of data – data collected through the administration of questionnaires to the University of Ibadan students, residence within and outside the campus and data obtained from the Nigeria Prisons Service, Agodi Prison Division, P.M.B 5174 Ibadan, Oyo State. Descriptive statistics, inferential statistics and time series analyses were carried out, such as stationary test, model identification, estimation and evaluation, and forecast. The results show that there is a significant relationship between the causes and possible solutions to insecurity within the Ibadan community and their environs at 5% significance level (p=0.000) and the selected criminal cases examined using the unit root (ADF) test established appropriate dynamic models with the AIC values of 5.14, 5.18 and 4.43 respectively for the next four years’ prediction (2017 to 2020). The results therefore suggest that insecurity and criminal cases in Ibadan and its environment tend to increase over time which could be due to many factors from either government or individuals.

Page(s): 10-18                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 17 December 2019

 Saheed. A. Afolabi
Department of Statistics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

[1]. Albert (2007): Concept of Insecurity in Nigeria.
[2]. Anyadike, N. O., (2013). Boko Haram and National Security Challenges in Nigeria; Causes and Solutions. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development www.iiste.org ISSN 2222-1700 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2855 (Online) Vol.4, No.5, 2013.
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[6]. Maslow (1999): Description of Insecure Person in Nigeria as a whole.
[7]. Nnonyelu AU Nkemdili (2013): No light at the end of the Tunnel: Corruption and Insecurity in Nigeria. Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review (OMAN Chapter) Vol:2 No 6, January 2013.
[8]. Pelumi, E. O., Oluwadare O. O., Hilary I. O. and Omoleye A. O. (2018). Analysis of Selected Crime Data in Nigeria. Elsevier Inc. www.elsevier.com/locate/dib.
[9]. Shittu O. I. and Yaya O. S. (2013): Quick Summary to Time Series Analysis (Questions and Answers Approach).
[10]. Tenibiaje (2000): The delinquency and criminal behaviours in our society.

Saheed. A. Afolabi “Statistical Analysis of Insecurity and Criminal Cases in Ibadan, Oyo State Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp. 10-18 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/10-18.pdf

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Does Private Sector Credit Impact on Private Sector Investment in Nigeria?

George Chisom OKORIE, Nneka F. CHIKWENDU – December 2019 Page No.: 23-28

Theories have proved that a significant critical factor influencing private sector investment is credit to the private sector which has more significant effect on economic activities than credit to the public sector. This study therefore examines the extent to which private sector credit impacts on private sector investment in Nigeria. The ARDL model was engaged in data analysis. From the analysis, the following results were established, that private sector credit has positive and significant impact on private sector investment in the short run, but in the long run, private sector credit has positive and insignificant impact on private sector investment in Nigeria. Empirically, 1 percent increase in private sector credit in the short run leads to 0.77 percent increase in private sector investment. The study recommends that, monetary authorities pursue policies aimed at increasing availability of private sector credit. Such policies include reducing real interest rate by 1 percent so as to increase private sector investment by 0.01% in the short run. Furthermore, the study recommends that public expenditure should be channeled to addressing the poor state of physical infrastructure, particularly road networks, electricity and water supply.

Page(s): 23-28                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 December 2019

  George Chisom OKORIE
Department of Economics, Godfrey Okoye University Enugu, Nigeria

Doctoral Student, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

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George Chisom OKORIE, Nneka F. CHIKWENDU “Does Private Sector Credit Impact on Private Sector Investment in Nigeria?” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.23-28 December 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/23-28.pdf

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Synthesis, Characterization and Antimicrobial Studies of Copper(II) and Vanadium(IV) Complexes with N-(3-Nitrobenzylidene)-1-Naphthylamine
Charles Finny S.L, Navya.C, Aswathy Sudhakar. S – December 2019 – Page No.: 29-40

The ligand was synthesized using 3-nitrobenzaldehyde and 1-naphthyl amine in 1:1 ratio. The Cu(II) and V(IV) Schiff base metal complexes were prepared using the synthesized Schiff base ligand in 1:1 ratio. The complexes were characterized using the basic techniques like IR, UV, CHN, molar conductivity and magnetic measurements. The complexes were tested for antibacterial activity against E Coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Kleibsella pneumoniae and Streptococcus mutans and antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans. The results show that the complexes are potent against some bacteria and fungi at some concentrations.

Page(s): 29-40                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 December 2019

 Charles Finny S.L
Department of Chemistry, Christian College, Kattakada, Kerala, India

Department of Chemistry, Christian College, Kattakada, Kerala, India

 Aswathy Sudhakar. S
Department of Chemistry, Christian College, Kattakada, Kerala, India

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Charles Finny S.L, Navya.C, Aswathy Sudhakar. S “Synthesis, Characterization and Antimicrobial Studies of Copper(II) and Vanadium(IV) Complexes with N-(3-Nitrobenzylidene)-1-Naphthylamine” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.29-40 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/29-40.pdf

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An Optimization to YOLOv3-tiny For Real-Time Detection of Small, Fast Moving Objects
Pavan Shiralagi, Rahul Bhandary, Rajeshwari B, Bajarangbali R – December 2019 – Page No.: 41-46

A project to obtain tennis statistics based on tennis ball tracking led us on a search to find real time object detection on small, fast moving objects. Realizing there were no methods available that satisfied our requirements, we optimized the detection method that came closest, YOLOv3 tiny [You Only Look Once Version 3 Tiny], to come up with YOLOOv3 tiny [You Only Look Once, Optimized]. YOLOv3 tiny is the third iteration of a Computer Vision application that is used to detect objects in real time. However, it is limited by the size and speed of the object relative to the camera’s position along with the detection of False Positives due to incorrect localization. In this paper, we explore optimization techniques to extend the use of YOLOv3 tiny to accurately detect small, fast-moving objects. The techniques discussed in the paper were tested on detecting a tennis ball moving up to 160kmph with a minimum angular size of 0.414 degrees at a rate of 30 frames per second. The accuracy was found to be 95.268% on a video containing 4600 frames sampled at 30 frames per second (assuming the object is always in the frame) on a GeForce 1050 Graphics Processing Unit. This optimization includes a method of elimination of false positives to increase accuracy.

Page(s): 41-46                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 December 2019

 Pavan Shiralagi
Department of ECE, PES University, Bangalore, India

 Rahul Bhandary
Department of ECE, PES University, Bangalore, India

 Rajeshwari B
Department of ECE, PES University, Bangalore, India

 Bajarangbali R
Department of ECE, PES University, Bangalore, India

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Pavan Shiralagi, Rahul Bhandary, Rajeshwari B, Bajarangbali R “An Optimization to YOLOv3-tiny For Real-Time Detection of Small, Fast Moving Objects” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp. 41-46 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/41-46.pdf

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Do M&A Really Matter for Banking Sector Growth in Nigeria?

ELEJE, Edward Ogbonnia (Ph.D), HARUNA, Abel Habila, & OGOHI, Gabriel – December 2019 Page No.: 47-53

Merger and acquisition (M&A) lead banking sector growth argument has continued to garner more momentum since almost a decade and half ago precisely after the major Nigerian Banking sector consolidation in 2004/5. While the debate is on, several studies have concentrated efforts on group comparative estimation of the pre and post impact of M&A. But comparative growth impact assessment between merger option and acquisition option respectively is lacking. This paper is thus a contribution in this direction. Utilizing bank asset data generated from fourteen (14) deposit money banks (DMBs) categorized into Banks that stood alone (5); merged banks (4); and banks that acquired others (5) respectively, over a 12-year period (2006-2017), the paper sought to investigate if merger or acquisition or both significantly matter for banking sector growth in Nigeria. To achieve this, generated data were first descriptively analyzed and subsequently regressed with E-view-7 and SPSS-20 computer packages to generate optimal multivariate estimators at 95% significant level. Results revealed that acquisition was not significantly positive on bank growth but merger was both positive and significant and thus matter more for banking sector growth. The study therefore among others, recommends due diligence as way forward for acquirer mega-banks in the identification and correction of possible factors which abinitio made the banks they acquired unsound and distressed in order to achieve synergy in the new arrangement.

Page(s): 47-53                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 December 2019

 ELEJE, Edward Ogbonnia (Ph.D)
Department of Banking and Finance, Federal University, Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria

 HARUNA, Abel Habila
Department of Banking and Finance, Federal University, Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria

 OGOHI, Gabriel
Zenith Bank Plc. Abuja FCT

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ELEJE, Edward Ogbonnia (Ph.D), HARUNA, Abel Habila, & OGOHI, Gabriel “Do M&A Really Matter for Banking Sector Growth in Nigeria?” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.47-53 December 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/47-53.pdf

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Journalists, Job Satisfaction and Performance: the Perspectives of Journalists in Tamale Metropolis of Ghana

Kwode Paul Achonga Kabah, Adam BawaYussif (PhD), Benjamin Adom – December 2019 Page No.: 62-70

This study investigated the job performances and satisfaction of journalists working in the Tamale metropolis of the Northern region of Ghana. The study adopted the quantitative survey design to sample views of journalists and media practitioners on key issues affecting the execution of their functions. It was discovered that 65 percent of the population studied, belong to the productive age bracket of 29-39 years with a male-dominant workforce. Most of the journalists in the region play dual roles as reporters and news anchors at the same time but well experienced in the profession. The human resource base of journalists in the region range from diploma holders to master degree holders with 80 percent indicating satisfaction of their jobs but dissatisfied because of low salaries and insecurity. The study concludes that there is very weak correlation between motivation and performance.

Page(s): 62-70                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 December 2019

 Kwode Paul Achonga Kabah
Lecturer (Dip. In Communication Studies, B.A. Hons., Sociology/Psychology, Mphil., Communication and Media Studies), Tamale Technical University, Faculty of Applied Arts, Department of Media and Communication Studies

 Adam BawaYussif (PhD)
Snr Lecturer (B.A. Hons., English, Mphil, African Studies, Phd, African Studies) Tamale Technical University, Faculty of Applied Arts, Department of Media and Communication Studies

 Benjamin Adom
Lecturer (Dip. In Journalism, B. A., Communication Studies, Mphil, Communication and Media Studies). Tamale Technical University, Department of Media and Communication Studies

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[7]. Republic of Ghana (1992).Constitution of the Republic of Ghana.Tema: Ghana Publishing Corporation.

Kwode Paul Achonga Kabah, Adam BawaYussif (PhD), Benjamin Adom “Journalists, Job Satisfaction and Performance: the Perspectives of Journalists in Tamale Metropolis of Ghana” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.62-70 December 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/62-70.pdf

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A Framework to Manage International Students as Educational Visitor at a City University
Adediran Olabanji Jamiu – December 2019 – Page No.: 62-70

South Africa is fast becoming the preferred destination by international students across the African continent to further their education. The decision making process of these students are influenced by a number of push factors to leave their home country, as well as pull factors to enroll within a new country. These pull factors are an interplay of factors between the host country, city and university, and how well they can satisfy the needs of an international student as potential visitor. The objective of this quantitative study was to develop a framework to manage international students at the largest residential university in South Africa. After conducting an extensive literature review and an empirical study at Tshwane University of Technology a framework was formulated to reposition the City of Tshwane as a first class education destination. This framework will help destinations to attract students from Africa countries and beyond, help boost tourism activities within the destination, and will improve the marketability of Cities as destinations of learning.

Page(s): 62-70                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 December 2019

 Adediran Olabanji Jamiu
Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria

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Adediran Olabanji Jamiu “A Framework to Manage International Students as Educational Visitor at a City University” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.62-70 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/62-70.pdf

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On the Misconception of R2 for (r)2 in a Regression Model

Ijomah, Maxwell Azubuike – December 2019 Page No.: 71-76

The coefficient of determination (R2) is perhaps the single most extensively used measure of goodness of fit for regression models, and measures the proportion of variation in the dependent variable explained by the predictors included in the model. It is however, widely misused as the square of correlation coefficient and this has led to poor interpretation of research reports in regression model. In this paper, we investigate the controversy regarding use of coefficient of determination as the square of correlation coefficient in statistical analysis. Difference between the two statistics are illustrated using examples from simple and multiple regression models..

Page(s): 71-76                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 December 2019

 Ijomah, Maxwell Azubuike
Dept. of Maths/Statistics, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

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Ijomah, Maxwell Azubuike, “On the Misconception of R2 for (r)2 in a Regression Model” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.71-76 December 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/71-76.pdf

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Ultrasonographic Assessment of the Splenic Size in Sickle Cell Anemia: Single Splenic Span Measurement Vs Splenic Volume
Chukwuma Ikechukwu Ezeike – December 2019 – Page No.: 77-83

Introduction: The spleen remains one of the most commonly affected organs in sickle cell anemia. The use of the palpation method to determine the splenic size can be unreliable and sometimes misleading. Ultrasonography is arguably one of the most reliable methods of splenic size evaluation. Most clinicians prefer the single splenic span (length) measurement because it is fast and is believed to be accurate. Splenic volume measurement is another method of evaluating the splenic size, though it may be more time consuming when compared to the single splenic span measurement.
Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the splenic size in subjects with sickle cell anemia and normal subjects using the splenic volume measurement and the single splenic span (length) measurement to find out which method is more accurate
Materials and Methods: One hundred consenting patients with Hb SS and 100 consenting matching group with Hb AA were recruited in this case-control study. The age group was between 0 to 30 years. Study subjects were scanned using the trans-abdominal route with a 3.5MHz curvilinear transducer of a Sonoscape S40 Digital Colour Doppler Ultrasound System (Sonoscape Medical Corp. December 2018). The study duration was 7months. The splenic length, transverse, anteroposterior diameter and volume were measured.
Data Analysis: Data analysis was carried out using statistical package for social sciences version 22.0 (SPSS Inc Chicago, IL, USA).
Results: Thirty percent, 39% and 31% of patients with Hb SS have splenic lengths of <6cm, 7-12cm and >12cm respectively. The mean splenic volume (p-value = 0.001) and splenic AP diameter (p-value = 0.048) in subjects with Hb SS found were significantly higher in this study than those with Hb AA. There was no statistically significant difference between the splenic Length(p value = 0.659) and Transverse measurement (p value = 0.433) in both groups.
Conclusion: In Ebonyi State of Nigeria, the prevalence of autosplenectomy and splenomegaly among sickle cell anemia subjects are 30% and 31% respectively. Measurement of the splenic volume is more accurate than a single splenic length measurement in assessing the splenic size.

Page(s): 77-83                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 December 2019

 Chukwuma Ikechukwu Ezeike
Radiology Department, Alex Ekwueme Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (AEFUTHA), Ebonyi State, Nigeria

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Chukwuma Ikechukwu Ezeike “Ultrasonographic Assessment of the Splenic Size in Sickle Cell Anemia: Single Splenic Span Measurement Vs Splenic Volume” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp. 77-83 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/77-83.pdf

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Histomophological Study of Aqueous Extract of Hibiscus Sabdariffa on Hormonally Induced Prostatic Enlargement of Adult Wistar Rat

S.O. Jimoh, A.K Adefule, O.J Ogundipe, O.F. Akinpelu1, A.A. John-Caleb, F.E. Oladipupo, M.O Onasanya – December 2019 Page No.: 84-92

Aim: to investigate some effects of aqueous extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa on induced benign prostatic hyperplasia. Material and Method: Forty eight male adult wistar rats weighing between 190g and 220g were used for the study. They were acclimatized for 2 weeks and fed with standard rat chow and water ad libitum before the study. They were divided into six groups. Group1- control group received 0.3ml of corn oil, others were induced for BPH with hormones (200µg Testosterone and 100µg estradiol) for 3 weeks; after induction Group 2 took distilled water, Group 3 received 0.71g of finasteride, Group 4, 5 and 6 received 0.3, 0.6 and 0.9g/kg bw Hibiscus sabdariffa (HS), respectively. The prostate were excised, processed and stained with H&E and Masson Trichrome. Result: The weight of group 4, 5 and 6 rats decrease compared to group 2 rats. There were pronounced reduction in the mucosal (epithelial) and fibromuscular stroma hyperplasia of the treated groups when compared with the group 2 rats. Conclusion: This indicates that the test herb has no adverse effect on prostatic parameters of healthy rats and also shows that Hibiscus sabdariffa extract can be viewed as a candidate novel medication for benign prostate hyperplasia therapy.

Page(s): 84-92                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 December 2019

 S.O. Jimoh
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ikenne Campus, Ogun State, Nigeria

 A.K Adefule
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ikenne Campus, Ogun State, Nigeria

 O.J Ogundipe
Department of physiological Sciences, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile – Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

 O.F. Akinpelu
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ikenne Campus, Ogun State, Nigeria

 A.A. John-Caleb
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ikenne Campus, Ogun State, Nigeria

 F.E. Oladipupo
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ikenne Campus, Ogun State, Nigeria

 M.O Onasanya
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ikenne Campus, Ogun State, Nigeria

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S.O. Jimoh, A.K Adefule, O.J Ogundipe, O.F. Akinpelu1, A.A. John-Caleb, F.E. Oladipupo, M.O Onasanya “Histomophological Study of Aqueous Extract of Hibiscus Sabdariffa on Hormonally Induced Prostatic Enlargement of Adult Wistar Rat” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.84-92 December 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/84-92.pdf

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A Study on Stress in Public and Private Sector Bank Employees in West Bengal
Sudip Basu, Dr. Sumati Ray, Dr. K.C.Paul – December 2019 – Page No.: 93-97

Today in public and private sector banks the working stress of the employees is becoming heavier, especially in the private sector banks. It has been noticed that in banking sector the managerial level employees are too much busy with their job in the office (desk job) as well as outside the office (field job). Stress is also created because of nuclear family, so he or she has to perform both the family and organizational responsibilities, thus facing imbalance in family and work life. This paper aims to identify the stress in public and private sector bank employees in India. From the several reviews maximum researchers have concluded that significant numbers of bank employees are having stress on work especially from private sector banks but in recent days we have seen that this working stress is injected into public sector bank employees also. This paper is having Indian experience with reference to West Bengal State on comparison of stress between Public and private bank employees. In this paper discussions are made on various secondary data like research papers, articles, website, and journals.

Page(s): 93-97                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 December 2019

 Sudip Basu
Research Scholar, Department of Business Administration, Vidyasagar University, Paschim Medinipur, India

 Dr. Sumati Ray
Professor, Department of Human Resource Management, IISWBM, Kolkata, India

 Dr. Sumati Ray
Professor & HOD, School of Economics & Commerce, Adamas University, India

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Sudip Basu, Dr. Sumati Ray, Dr. K.C.Paul “A Study on Stress in Public and Private Sector Bank Employees in West Bengal” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.93-97 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/93-97.pdf

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Reliable Infant Warmer to Avoid Accidental Overheating of Newborn
Yadnesh S.Basutkar, Prof S.S.Hippargi – December 2019 – Page No.: 98-102

Hypothermia at birth is one of the most important risk factors for newborn baby, As per WHO more than 60% newborn babies suffers from Hypothermia . To avoid risk of Hypothermia most of the doctors use infant warmer or incubator to mentioning temperature i.e. 36.5 oC. As per literature survey in existing system one of the key challenges is overheating of warmer as the sensor moves away from the body of infant. Most warmers commonly use only one sensor that is Skin sensor, if this sensor goes away from body as well as from bed area then warmer goes overheating. So we require second sensor and that should be fixed on bed area. [1]
First stage is to develop a system that will continuously observe and Control the two side temperature that is Skin & Air Sensor.
Second Stage avoid Over Heating Problem, If ‘bed temperature’ or ‘baby temperature’ goes up to 38oC, So heater should not be ON to radiate heat energy above 38 oC.[5]
With the help of proposed system it is possible to overcome the ‘Overheating’ problem by using Two Sensors i.e. Skin Sensor & Air Sensor.

Page(s): 98-102                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 December 2019

 Yadnesh S.Basutkar
Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, N B Navale Sinhgad College of Engineering, Solapur, Maharashtra, India

 Prof S.S.Hippargi
Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, N B Navale Sinhgad College of Engineering, Solapur, Maharashtra, India

[1]. Thermal Control of the Newborn, Thermal Control of the Newborn, WHO/FHE/MSM/93.2
[2]. Infant radiant warmer Country of origin India Presented by WHO http://www.who.int/medical_devices
[3]. Warming Unit, Radiant, Infant Presented by WHO http://www.who.int/medical_devices/en/index.html
[4]. International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering (An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization)
[5]. Accidental overheating of a newborn under an infant radiant warmer: A lesson for future use
[6]. Radiant warmer ONTOP-IN 2012: Radiant warmer job aids
[7]. Newborn Thermoregulation self-learning module

Yadnesh S.Basutkar, Prof S.S.Hippargi “Reliable Infant Warmer to Avoid Accidental Overheating of Newborn” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp. 98-102 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/98-102.pdf

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Civil Servants Housing Affordability Challenges in Port Harcourt Metropolis Nigeria

Ubani Princewill, Obasiolu Comfort, Naabura Macwilliam Kingdom – December 2019 Page No.: 103-109

The decision to afford and dwell in quality and sky priced housing anchored on socio-economic eminence which remains a key determinant for standard of living, household prospect and caused by urban growth, over population, and competition for spaces in developing nations. In third world countries such as Nigeria, it also addresses income dissimilarities among the urbanites and civil servants and grants the opportunity to adequate, quality, harmless, satisfactory and worthwhile housing. Despite the fact that there are several cynicisms just before housing practitioners and authorities in providing standard and affordable housing for the various income classes, this research has none the less discovered the prevailing substantiation of its usefulness in providing affordable housing among the income class and accordingly diminishing the wide spread and inhabitation of slums or unacceptable houses. The sampling of 1200 civil servants had exposed a confident statistical relationship concerning affordability of quality, safe and adequate housing among civil servants of dissimilar income and socio economic appearances. The results from this investigation designate that challenges of affordable housing is commonly found among the civil servant since it beaconed on challenges such as housing price (4.69), house pattern and package (4.59), resident’s financial poverty(4.56),shantytown and squatters community(4.44) while Household size (r = .224, p>.05), Transportation (r = .217, p<.05), Non-housing expenses: (r = .265, p<0.5) geographic location (r = – .053 p > .05) the research also considered as the improvement solution for housing affordability among the civil servants. The study highlights the need for Nigeria government, housing practitioners and other authorities assigned with the obligation of providing standard and affordable housing for the civil servants to develop more houses that civil servants can afford to populate or access without any loan from financial institution or other impediments.

Page(s): 103-109                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 29 December 2019

 Ubani Princewill
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Ken Saro – Wiwa Polytechnic Bori, Nigeria

 Obasiolu Comfort
31 Rukpakwulosi Port Harcourt Nigeria

 Naabura Macwilliam Kingdom
Department of Estate Management, Ken Saro – Wiwa Polytechnic Bori, Nigeria

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[10]. Olga, B.(2016)’’Housing Affordability and Income Inequality: The Impact of Demographic Characteristics on Housing Prices in San Francisco ‘’Senior Honours Thesis in Economics, Johns Hopkins University 1- 53.
[11]. Ogunbajo, A. R, Suleiman, Y., Fabunmi, O. F., and Ojetunde, I.(2015)’’ Housing Affordability by Federal Civil Servants in Minna, Nigeria: Emerging Issues’’ Journal of Management and Sustainability 5 (1) 90-100.
[12]. Phang, S. (2010),”Affordable homeownership policy” International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis 3 (1) 38-52.
[13]. Quan, G. and Robert J. H. (2009) ‘’Measuring Housing Affordability: Looking Beyond the Median’’journal of Housing Economics 18(2) 115-125.
[14]. Suhaidab, M.S.,Tawila, N.M., Hamzah,N.,Che-Ani, A.I., Basria, H., and Yuzainee M.Y. (2011)’’Housing Affordability: A Conceptual Overview for House Price Index’’ Procedia Engineering 20 (2011) 346 – 353.
[15]. Torluccio, G. T., and Bologna,A. D (2011)’’Housing Affordability and Methodological Principles’’ in International Research Journal of Finance and Economics 79 ( 1)64-78.
[16]. Ubani, P., Alaci, D. S.A, and Udoo, V. (2017)’’ Determinants of Residential Neighbourhood Choice in a Nigerian Metropolis’’ Journal of Humanities and Social Science 22 (7) 1-11

Ubani Princewill, Obasiolu Comfort, Naabura Macwilliam Kingdom “Civil Servants Housing Affordability Challenges in Port Harcourt Metropolis Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.103-109 December 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/103-109.pdf

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On The Cycle Indices of Cyclic and Dihedral Groups Acting on X2

Felix Komu, Ireri N. Kamuti – December 2019 Page No.: 100-112

An effective method of deriving the cycle indices of cyclic and dihedral groups acting on X2, where X={1,2,…,n} is provided. This paper extents some results of Harary and Palmer(1973); Krishnamurthy (1985) and thoka et.al.(2015).

Page(s): 100-112                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 December 2019

 Felix Komu
Department of Mathematics and Physics, Moi University, Kenya

 Ireri N. Kamuti
Department of Mathematics and Actuarial Science, Kenyatta University, Kenya

[1]. Harary, F. (1955), Exponential permutation of groups, Amer Math. Monthly 66:572-575.
[2]. Harary F. and Palmer E.(1973), Power Group Enumeration Theorem, J.Cobinatorial Theory1:157-173.
[3]. Howard, R. (1927). Theory of Group-Reduced Distributions. Amer.J. Mathematics, 49: 433 – 435.
[4]. Krishnamurthy V. (1985), Combinatorics; Theory and Applications, East-West Press Limited, New Delhi.
[5]. Muthoka, G. Patrick, K. and Lao, H. (2017). Cycle index of D_n acting on Ordered Pairs, International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)ISSN(Online):2319-7064.
[6]. Woods, D. R.(1979) Notes on introductory Combinatorics,Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305.

Felix Komu, Ireri N. Kamuti “On The Cycle Indices of Cyclic and Dihedral Groups Acting on X2″ International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.100-112 December 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/100-112.pdf

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Hepatoprotective Potential of Cnidoscolusaconitifolius Leaf Extract on CCl4 Treated Wistar Rats

Okpara, Francisca Njideka, C. C. Ikewuchi, O. E. Ezim, Ohanador Robinson – December 2019 Page No.: 113-120

Hepatoprotective potential of Cnidoscolusaconitifolius leaf extract on carbon tetrachloride treated wistar rats was investigated. Forty two adult male wistar rats (91-185g) were housed in plastic cages of seven groups with six animals in each. Group one fed with normal rat chow (control). Group two to six were administered CCl4 subcutaneously on day twenty-one. Group three was administered vitamin C orally on daily basis for twenty-one days, group four, five, six took 50mg/kgbw, 75mg/kgbw and 100mg/kgbw extract dose orally for twenty-one day before administration of CCl4. Group seven was given subcutaneous dose of olive oil. All the analysis were done using standard methods. In comparison to the disease control and normal control animals, administration of the extract dose (50mg/kgbw, 75mg/kgbw and 100mg/kgbw) dependently lowered creatinine, albumin, calcium, potassium, ALT, AST and total bilirubin. There was no significant difference (p<0.05) in the magnesium concentrations of rats treated with the leaf extract of C.aconitifolius. The 50mg/kgbw and 75mg/kgbw extract doses provided better protection. Histopathological examination of the liver showed histological normal liver in normal control rats and distortion of the liver sections in disease control rats which was corrected by the extracts at 50mg/kgbw and 75mg/kgbw doses. The result of this study clearly demonstrated the hepatoprotective effect of Cnidoscolusaconitifolius leaf extract against carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in rats.

Page(s): 113-120                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 December 2019

 Okpara, Francisca Njideka
Department of Biochemistry University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria

 C. C. Ikewuchi
Department of Biochemistry University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria

 O. E. Ezim
Department of Biochemistry University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria

 Ohanador Robinson
Department of Biochemistry University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria

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Okpara, Francisca Njideka, C. C. Ikewuchi, O. E. Ezim, Ohanador Robinson “Hepatoprotective Potential of Cnidoscolusaconitifolius Leaf Extract on CCl4 Treated Wistar Rats” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.113-120 December 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/113-120.pdf

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Sources and Uses of Local Government Funds in Nigeria: Evidence from Lere Local Government Area of Kaduna State

Haruna Abdulkarim, Mahmood Omeiza Adeiza – December 2019 Page No.: 121-127

Local government is that level of government nearest to the people. It is said to be the cornerstone of the government system in any country. The federal government believes that it is only through an effective local government system, that human and material resources of the nation could be mobilized. The research work aimed at analyzing the sources and uses of local government funds in Nigeria using Lere local government area of Kaduna state as a case study, with emphasis on the internally generated revenue. The work is a survey design and secondary data obtained from records available to the local government finance department. The time series covers the period of five (5) years from 2010 – 2014. The data were analyzed using chi – square statistical tool, the current trends of ineffective tax administration and negligence on the part of revenue collectors is considered as a major problem for local government internally generated revenue. The research recommended that the local government should strive towards improving internally generated revenue and adopt enlightenment campaigns.

Page(s): 121-127                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 January 2020

 Haruna Abdulkarim
Department of Accounting, Faculty of Management Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria

 Mahmood Omeiza Adeiza
Department of Accounting, Faculty of Management Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria

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Haruna Abdulkarim, Mahmood Omeiza Adeiza “Sources and Uses of Local Government Funds in Nigeria: Evidence from Lere Local Government Area of Kaduna State” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.121-127 December 2019  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/121-127.pdf

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Intelligent Architectural Plan Approval with Digital Twin based live Monitoring using SAP Predictive Engineering Insights and Internet of Things
Ashiq MI, Arputharaj Thomas – December 2019 – Page No.: 128-129

Construction of high-rise buildings, individual houses, shopping malls, hospitals and industrial facility is on the increase. Plan approval is a prerequisite to initiate the construction, but this requires multiple stages of approval and there is no real time mechanism to monitor actual plan after site construction. This leads to illegal encroachment of either private or public property. After construction the house owners, tenants and officials are not aware of the current quality of construction materials inside the building. This probes a high risk during natural calamities, which can create a devastating effect to human life.The current process needs value stream mapping to develop an effective application for a safe and happy living.

Page(s): 128-129                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 January 2020

 Ashiq MI
Senior Consultant, Cognizant Technology Solutions, India

 Arputharaj Thomas
Functional Architect, Cognizant Technology Solutions, India

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Ashiq MI, Arputharaj Thomas “Intelligent Architectural Plan Approval with Digital Twin based live Monitoring using SAP Predictive Engineering Insights and Internet of Things” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.128-129 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/128-129.pdf

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Path Planning Algorithm for Mobile Robots in Static Environment
Dhaval Patel, Jashkumar Diyora, Trushar Shah – December 2019 – Page No.: 130-134

Path planning for mobile robots is to find optimum path for robot to move at required location in its environment. In this Literature, a new approach to find the shortest path with less response time for mobile robot is discussed. The core concept lying in this procedure is discussed with simple illustrative example for various cases. For a fixed environment the general procedure of this approach is discussed in detail. Experimental results obtained by this method are compared with already implemented successful approaches and limitations of others approaches overcome by this method are discussed.

Page(s): 130-134                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 January 2020

 Dhaval Patel
Mechanical and Mechatronics Department, U.V. Patel College of Engineering, Ganpat University, GJ, India

 Jashkumar Diyora
Mechanical and Mechatronics Department, U.V. Patel College of Engineering, Ganpat University, GJ, India

 Trushar Shah
Mechanical and Mechatronics Department, U.V. Patel College of Engineering, Ganpat University, GJ, India

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Dhaval Patel, Jashkumar Diyora, Trushar Shah “Path Planning Algorithm for Mobile Robots in Static Environment” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.130-134 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/130-134.pdf

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Prophetic Humanism in PesantrenImpian Novel by Asma Nadia and Relevance to The Study of Literary Theory
Lina Handayani, Suyitno, Nugraheni Eko Wardani – December 2019 – Page No.: 135-138

This study aims to describe and explain the form of prophetic humanism in the PesantrenImpian novel by Asma Nadia and its relevance in the study of literary theory. The method used in this research uses the descriptive qualitative method. The object of his research was the Dream Pesantren novel. Data collection techniques in this research are reading and note-taking techniques. Data analysis techniques in this study used content analysis. The results of this study indicate that the prophetic form of humanism in the novel, namely, maintaining brotherhood, looking at someone totally, and throwing away the nature of hatred. The results of these studies can be used in literary theory courses, especially in enrichment programs by instilling human values in the nation’s next generation.

Page(s): 135-138                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 03 January 2020

 Lina Handayani
Magister Program in Department of Indonesian Language Education, Sebelas Maret University, Central Java, Indonesia

Magister Program in Department of Indonesian Language Education, Sebelas Maret University, Central Java, Indonesia

 Nugraheni Eko Wardani
Magister Program in Department of Indonesian Language Education, Sebelas Maret University, Central Java, Indonesia

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Lina Handayani, Suyitno, Nugraheni Eko Wardani “Prophetic Humanism in PesantrenImpian Novel by Asma Nadia and Relevance to The Study of Literary Theory” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.135-138 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/135-138.pdf

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A Review of Factors that Increases or Reduces the Adoption of mHealth
John Stephen Agbenyo – December 2019 – Page No.: 139-147

Introduction: In the last decade, the world has witnessed the proliferation of mobile telephony across various countries be it developed or developing. This increase is in part due to expansion and the availability of connectivity. Further, there has been a significant increase in the number of mobile phone manufacturers. This has reduced the cost of mobile devices. We can take advantage of technology so as to be able to improve access to healthcare and health information, and to also improve the management of medical and health information as well as access to the latest medical knowledge for healthcare workers.
Methods: Three (3) electronic databases and journals (BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, Elsevier and Google Scholar) were searched with search items including mHealth, Telemedicine, Mobile Health, e-Health, Sub-Saharan Africa, developing countries, low resource countries, behaviour change, adoption of health messages and mobile health solutions. The design focused specifically on empirical research evaluating the effectiveness and the factors influencing the acceptance of mHealth interventions in low income countries not older than 5 years and published in English.
Results: From the search, it was noticed that the qualitative design method was mostly used by the researchers. They found that the extended Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) is a good predictive model of general people’s intention to use mHealth. Trust, perceived usefulness as well as perceived ease of use have been identified to positively correlated with adoption intention while privacy and performance risks negatively correlated with trust and adoption intention toward mHealth services. The researchers also found that personal innovativeness in Information technology has less significant effect on mHealth adoption. cost is also identified as an important determining factor for mHealth app adoption. The also found that perceived reliability has a significant impact on the adoption of mHealth.
Conclusion: This synthesis paper gives an indication that there still exists some gaps in knowledge in the area of mHealth adoption. None of the papers have specifically focused on the factors that increases or reduces adoption. The papers however provide a set of key guiding elements that paves way for further research on factors that increases or reduces the adoption of mHealth in specific contexts.

Page(s): 139-147                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 03 January 2020

 John Stephen Agbenyo
Faculty of Social Science, St. Paul’s University, Kenya

[1] Abejirinde, I.-O. O., Zweekhorst, M., Bardají, A., Abugnaba-Abanga, R., Apentibadek, N., De Brouwere, V., … Marchal, B. (2018). Unveiling the Black Box of Diagnostic and Clinical Decision Support Systems for Antenatal Care: Realist Evaluation. JMIR MHealth and UHealth, 6(12), e11468. https://doi.org/10.2196/11468
[2] Alam, M. Z., Hu, W., & Barua, Z. (n.d.). Using the UTAUT Model to Determine Factors Affecting Acceptance and Use of Mobile Health (mHealth) Services in Bangladesh. 36.
[3] Aranda-Jan CB, Mohutsiwa-Dibe N, Loukanova S. Systematic review on what works, what does not work and why of implementation of mobile health (mHealth) projects in Africa. BMC Public Health. 2014;14:188
[4] Chib, A., Wilkin, H., & Hoefman, B. (2013). Vulnerabilities in mHealth implementation: A Ugandan HIV/AIDS SMS campaign. Global Health Promotion, 20(1_suppl), 26–32. https://doi.org/10.1177/1757975912462419
[5] Deng, Z., Hong, Z., Ren, C., Zhang, W., & Xiang, F. (2018). What Predicts Patients’ Adoption Intention Toward mHealth Services in China: Empirical Study. JMIR MHealth and UHealth, 6(8), e172. https://doi.org/10.2196/mhealth.9316
[6] Hall, C. S., Fottrell, E., Wilkinson, S., & Byass, P. (2014). Assessing the impact of mHealth interventions in low- and middle-income countries – what has been shown to work? Global Health Action, 7(1), 25606. https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v7.25606
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[8] Hoque, Md. R., Karim, M. R., & Amin, M. B. (2015). Factors Affecting the Adoption of mHealth Services among Young Citizen: A Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) Approach. Asian Business Review, 5(2), 60. https://doi.org/10.18034/abr.v5i2.416
[9] Kaphle, S., Chaturvedi, S., Chaudhuri, I., Krishnan, R., & Lesh, N. (2015). Adoption and Usage of mHealth Technology on Quality and Experience of Care Provided by Frontline Workers: Observations From Rural India. JMIR MHealth and UHealth, 3(2), e61. https://doi.org/10.2196/mhealth.4047
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John Stephen Agbenyo “A Review of Factors that Increases or Reduces the Adoption of mHealth ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.139-147 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/139-147.pdf

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Citizen Satisfaction with E-Government Services: Case of Turkey
Meltem Ozturan, Ugurkan Surucu – December 2019 – Page No.: 148-151

The aim of this research is to identify and model the factors affecting citizen satisfaction with e-government services. For this purpose an empirical study is conducted with Turkish citizens. The study first reviews what factors affect e-government citizen satisfaction through literature. Based on this survey, a questionnaire is prepared and distributed to a convenience sample over internet. A total of 281 usable data are collected. Data are analyzed using IBM SPSS Software. Reliability analyses are applied to test internal consistency of the items in the questionnaire. Correlation analyses are used to estimate the effect of different factors on e-government citizen satisfaction. According to the analyses, the reliability of the questionnaire is found to be high and the results of the correlation analyses show that the factors ease of use, savings, trust and service quality defined in the model all have positive impact on e-government citizen satisfaction.

Page(s): 148-151                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 03 January 2020

 Meltem Ozturan
Management Information Systems Department, Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey

 Ugurkan Surucu
Management Information Systems Department, Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey

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Meltem Ozturan, Ugurkan Surucu “Citizen Satisfaction with E-Government Services: Case of Turkey” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.148-151 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/148-151.pdf

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A Survey on Attitude of Mothers towards Immunization of Their Children
Danjuma, Habiba and Gowon David – December 2019 – Page No.: 152-161

Immunization programme has had a major impact on the health status of the world population, by preventing many cases of infectious disease through immunization. Efficient vaccine storage and handling is a key component of immunization programme. It is a shared responsibility from the time the vaccine is manufactured until it is administered. Thousands of children were dying and some are disable as a result of some common diseases which are measles, polio, tetanus, whooping cough, tuberculosis etc, hence, there is need to sensitize the parents towards the immunization of their children. This study therefore designed to investigate the attitudes of mothers towards immunization of their children in the North Eastern region of Nigeria. Questionnaires and face to interview were carried out on women in some local government areas from states in the North East to elicit relevant information regarding their general attitudes to child’s vaccination. The following factor shall be considered mother’s locality, place of vaccination, mother’s educational status, age at vaccination, spouse’s educational status, mothers’ religious believes, mothers’ age group, child’s age at birth among others. Results from analyses showed that mothers locality, place of vaccination, mothers educational status, age at vaccination, spouses educational status, mothers’ religious believes as well as mothers’ age group, child’s age at birth are all positively associated with attitudes of mothers towards vaccination. Further results finally revealed that donation of gift items to mothers serves as positive inducement towards improving the attitudes of mothers towards immunization of their children. This research work is recommended for a public enlightenment that to educate Nigerian women cum populace on importance of immunization as this work will generate information concerning the relationships between the attitude of mothers and immunization of children.

Page(s): 152-161                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 January 2020

 Danjuma, Habiba
Department of Statistics, Federal Polytechnic Bali, PMB 05 Bali, Taraba State, Nigeria

 Gowon David
Department of Statistics, Federal Polytechnic Bali, PMB 05 Bali, Taraba State, Nigeria

[1]. Adedini, S., Odimegwu, C., Bamiwuye, O., Fadeyibi, F. and Wet, N (2014). Barriers to accessing health care in Nigeria: implications for child survival. Glob Heal Action. 7:23-29.
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[13]. UNICEF (2008). Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation: Special Focus on Sanitation. . UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation

Danjuma, Habiba and Gowon David “A Survey on Attitude of Mothers towards Immunization of Their Children” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.152-161 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/152-161.pdf

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Morphology of the People’s Story of the Langkeban Silangkapuri Island (Vladimir Propp Naratology Study)
Sri Nursari, Slamet Subiyantoro, Kundharu Saddhono- December 2019 – Page No.: 162-167

The story of Langkeban Silangkapuri is in Indonesia precisely in Lampung Province. Tells four clans that compete to conquer an island without occupants. The study was conducted with a qualitative approach. The data used in the form of oral literature, then the technique of collecting data by observation, interviews, document analysis. The research method uses the flow method that is data reduction, data presentation, and concluding. The purpose of this research is to study folklore in Lampung using Vladimir Propp’s morphological theory. The steps used determine the function of the actor’s actions, distribute the function of the actor into the auction environment, and create a story scheme. The results showed that there were 20 actors’ action functions that were distributed into 6 action environments and formed two-story patterns.

Page(s): 162-167                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 January 2020

 Sri Nursari
Study Program of Indonesian Language Masters, Sebelas Maret University, Central Java, Indonesia

 Slamet Subiyantoro
Study Program of Indonesian Language Masters, Sebelas Maret University, Central Java, Indonesia

 Kundharu Saddhono
Study Program of Indonesian Language Masters, Sebelas Maret University, Central Java, Indonesia

[1]. Endraswara, S. (2013). Folklor Nusantara: Hakikat, Bentuk, dan Fungsi. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak.
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[7]. Susanto. D. (2012). Pengantar Teori Sastra: Dasar-dasar Memahami Fenomena Kesusastraan, Psikokologi Sastra, Strukturalisme, Formalisme Rusia, Marxisme, Interpretasi dan Pembaca, dan Pascastrukturalisme. Jakarta: Caps.
[8]. Rokmansyah, A. (2014). Studi dan Pengkajian Sastra: Perkenalan Awal terhadap Ilmu Sastra. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.
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[11]. Propp, V. (1968). Morphology of Folktales. Austin and London: University of Texas Press.
[12]. Miles, B. M dan Michael, H. (2014). Analisis Data Kualitatif: Buku Sumber Tentang Metode-metode Baru. Diterjemahkan oleh Tjetjep Rohendi Rohidi. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia Press.)

Sri Nursari, Slamet Subiyantoro, Kundharu Saddhono “Morphology of the People’s Story of the Langkeban Silangkapuri Island (Vladimir Propp Naratology Study)” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.162-167 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/162-167.pdf

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Detection of Rotavirus Vp6 Antigen in Faeces of Asymptomatic School-Aged Pupils in Gboko, Benue State of Nigeria
Dr. OKOH, Jocelyn Cletus, Dr. OGBONNA, Innocent Okonkwo, SHITTA, Nasisi Namuma- December 2019 – Page No.: 168-174

Rotaviruses are a leading cause of severe acute gastroenteritis, resulting in approximately 453,000 annual deaths among children especially those less than five years of age with over 85% of these deaths occurring in the less developed countries of Asia and Africa. Children experience multiple rotavirus infections during childhood which almost are asymptomatic. In Nigeria, rotavirus accounts for over 20% of all cases of childhood diarrhoea annually. Transmission is via the faeco-oral route and distribution is worldwide. The study involved 260 asymptomatic school-aged pupils (aged 1-12) from which faeces were collected in sterile tubes between March and September, 2018 and analyzed immediately without storage using the commercially available Rotavirus VP6 antigen test kit from Bioneovan® Diagnostics, China, following the manufacturer’s instructions. A questionnaire was designed and administered to obtain data on socio-demography, clinical history and some potential risk factors that might be related to rotavirus infection. Data obtained from this study was analyzed using SPSS version 20 and Pearson Chi-square (χ²) test of Association was used to test significant association between variables at 95% confidence Interval and p-value ≤ 0.05 being statistically significant. Results showed that only 24 were positive, giving a prevalence rate of 9.23%. Results also revealed a prevalence of 3.46% for females while males recorded a higher 5.77%. With respect to the Age range distribution, 26.54% were for ages 1-4 years of which 1.54% was positive; 40.39% for ages 5-8 years with a lower burden of Rotavirus infection, and 33.08% distribution for ages 9-12 years with the highest burden of rotavirus infection and there exist a statistically significant association between Age and the onset of rotavirus infection. Findings further revealed that rotavirus is an important viral pathogen of public health importance among school-aged pupils in Gboko, Benue State. The prevalence rate of 9.23% from this study is a pointer to the urgent need for massive commencement of nationwide vaccination of children as asymptomatic carriers of the virus abound and may be a serious threat to the health of the public as the virus is shed from time to time.

Page(s): 168-174                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 January 2020

 Dr. OKOH, Jocelyn Cletus
Department of Biological Sciences, (Microbiology Unit), University of Mkar, Mkar, Benue state, Nigeria

 Dr. OGBONNA, Innocent Okonkwo
Department of Biological Sciences, (Microbiology Unit), University of Mkar, Mkar, Benue state, Nigeria

 SHITTA, Nasisi Namuma
Department of Biological Sciences, (Microbiology Unit), University of Mkar, Mkar, Benue state, Nigeria

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Dr. OKOH, Jocelyn Cletus, Dr. OGBONNA, Innocent Okonkwo, SHITTA, Nasisi Namuma “Detection of Rotavirus Vp6 Antigen in Faeces of Asymptomatic School-Aged Pupils in Gboko, Benue State of Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.168-174 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/168-174.pdf

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Non-Financial Performance Indicators and Operational Efficiency of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria
Olalekan Oladipo Akinrinola- December 2019 – Page No.: 175-183

This study examined the effect of non-financial performance indicators, based on balanced scorecard model, on operational efficiency of Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) in Nigeria with a view of evaluating the impact of the drivers of operational efficiency. Emphasis, from prior studies, on measuring operational efficiency have been on financial performance indicators with little or no consideration for the contributions of non-financial performance indicators (NFPIs) that drive the financial indicators. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design and a structured questionnaire was administered on sampled employees of the DMBs. Data collected were analysed with the mean of descriptive and inferential statistics. The study found out that internal control and business process, customer satisfaction and learning and growth of employees individually have significant effect on operational efficiency of DMBs in Nigeria. The study concluded that NFPIs have positive relationship with, have significant effect on operational efficiency of DMBs in Nigeria and explain about 56.9% variations in operational efficiency. The study contributed to literature on significance of NFPIs and recommended that DMBs should develop objective matrices to measure individual non-financial performance indicators that tend to contribute to their operational efficiency.

Page(s): 175-183                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 January 2020

 Olalekan Oladipo Akinrinola
Department of Accounting and Finance, Caleb University Imota, Ikorodu, Lagos State, Nigeria

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Olalekan Oladipo Akinrinola “Non-Financial Performance Indicators and Operational Efficiency of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.175-183 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/175-183.pdf

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Soil Properties, Growth and Yield of Maize as Affected by Organic Manure (Teak Fresh Leave) in Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria
Maku, A. A., Onwu, C. A., and Ali, A.- December 2019 – Page No.: 184-191

An experiment entitled “Soil properties, growth and yield of maize as affected by organic manure (teak fresh leave) in Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria” was carried out at
Teaching and Research Farm of Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria during the year 2011 and 2012. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design with six treatments replicated three times. Organic manure (teak fresh leaves) was subjected to all plots except control. Data were recorded on different parameters such as soil chemical properties, plant height, number of leaves and grain yield. The statistical analysis of the data showed that organic manure significantly affected some chemical properties and all growth and yield studied attributes. The highest plant height, number of leave and grain yield was recorded in plants received 7.5 t ha-1 organic manure. It was concluded that 7.50 t ha-1 of organic manure among the different rates performed best and hence recommended for the soil sustainability and maize production.

Page(s): 184-191                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 January 2020

 Maku, A. A.
Department of Science, School of General Studies and Pre ND, Nasarawa State Polytechnic, Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

 Onwu, C. A.
Department of Soil Science and Land Resources Management, Federal University Wukari, Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria

 Ali, A.
Department of Soil Science, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

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Maku, A. A., Onwu, C. A., and Ali, A. “Soil Properties, Growth and Yield of Maize as Affected by Organic Manure (Teak Fresh Leave) in Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.184-191 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/184-191.pdf

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Principals’ Classroom Visitation and its Influence on Teachers’ Pedagogical Practices in Public Secondary Schools at Bauchi State, Nigeria
Saleh Garba, Dr. Samuel Waweru, Dr. Ephantus Kaugi- December 2019 – Page No.: 192-201

This study sought to determine the influence of principals’ classroom visitation on teachers’ pedagogical practices in public secondary schools of Bauchi state, Nigeria. The objectives that guided the study, were first, to examine principals’ implementation of classroom visits in public secondary schools; secondly to find out the effect of principals’ classroom visitation on pedagogical practices of the teachers and make recommendations for improvement of teachers’ pedagogical practices. A descriptive cross-sectional survey design was employed for the study. The participants in the study comprised 29 principals and 385 teachers randomly selected from the public secondary schools in Bauchi state. Questionnaires and document observation checklist were used for data collection. Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed to analyze the quantitative data with the aid of SPSS. The qualitative data were analyzed using thematic techniques. Simple linear regression analysis was used to test the research hypothesis at α=.05 significance levels. Findings of the study revealed that the majority of principals in public secondary schools in Bauchi state did not execute procedural lesson observation. Also, most principals did not provide teachers with feedback on observed instructions. Furthermore, regression analysis revealed that the principals’ classroom visitation has statistically significant effect on teachers’ pedagogical practices in public secondary schools (R2=.138, F (1,373) =59.691 p<.05). Given this evidence, the null hypothesis that principals’ classroom visitation does not significantly influence teachers’ pedagogical practices was rejected. And the alternative hypothesis that principals’ classroom visitation significantly influences teachers’ pedagogical practices was accepted. The study recommends that Ministry of Education Bauchi state should provide a specific in-service capacity building for principals on techniques of organizing and conducting procedural classroom visits to enhance instructions.

Page(s): 192-201                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 January 2020

 Saleh Garba
Ph.D. Student, Department of Educational Management, Policy and Curriculum Studies, Kenyatta University, Kenya

 Dr. Samuel Waweru
Senior Lecturer, Department of Educational Management, Policy and Curriculum Studies, Kenyatta University, Kenya

 Dr. Ephantus Kaugi
Lecturer, Department of Educational Management, Policy and Curriculum Studies, Kenyatta University, Kenya

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Saleh Garba, Dr. Samuel Waweru, Dr. Ephantus Kaugi “Principals’ Classroom Visitation and its Influence on Teachers’ Pedagogical Practices in Public Secondary Schools at Bauchi State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.192-201 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/192-201.pdf

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Two – Stage Least Square Estimation of Federal Government Collected Taxes and Economic Growth in Nigeria
Leonard C. Uguru, Busari Ganiyu Adeniran – December 2019 – Page No.: 202-208

The paper investigates the effect of exogeneity and multicollinearity in the estimation of federal government collected taxes and economic growth. Ordinary Least Square model of time series data are often associated with the above stated problem, of which previous attempts to model have failed to investigate. This study thus, explored these phenomena within the context of fitting an economic growth model via a Two-Stage Least Square technique (TSLS) by considering only federal government collected tax instruments as predictors. The validation of the model parameters were ascertained using t-test, F-test, Durbin Watson, R-squared, Adjusted R-squared and Standard error test while variance inflation factor and tolerance level were employed to estimate the degree of multicollinearity. The adopted validity statistic showed that the TSLS model was properly specified with the introduction of specified instrumental variables. The findings from the fitted model revealed that on the aggregates, taxation has contributed positively to the economic growth of Nigeria for the periods under review. In addition, F-statistic of 10.36757 with P-value of 0.000 shows that the overall TSLS regression model is statistically significant and free from the aforementioned problem. The research thus recommends a TSLS technique for the appropriate and error free modeling of economic growth whenever time series data is in used.

Page(s): 202-208                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 January 2020

 Leonard C. Uguru
Department of Accountancy, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria

 Busari Ganiyu Adeniran
Department of Accountancy, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria

[1] Abomaye-Nimenibo, W.A.S., Micheal, J. E. and Friday, H.C. (2018). An Empirical Analysis of Tax Revenue and Economic Growth in Nigeria from 1980 to 2015. Global Journal of Human-Social Science; E. Political Science, 18(3), 8-40.
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Leonard C. Uguru, Busari Ganiyu Adeniran “Two – Stage Least Square Estimation of Federal Government Collected Taxes and Economic Growth in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.202-208 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/202-208.pdf

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Study of the Flow Characteristics of Swirling Confined Jet
Md. Mosharrof Hossain, Muhammed Hasnain Kabir Nayeem, Md Abu Taher Ali- December 2019 – Page No.: 209-212

Axial mean velocity is the primary criteria of most of the flow field. In the present investigation, the mixing of swirling jet within the solid boundary and the wake position memory as it came out of the solid boundary was studied. Extension tubes of 105mm, 210mm and 315m length were fitted to 30 degree and 60 degree swirling nozzle which were made by fitting triangular shaped double start wedge shaped helical right hand thread inside the pipe nozzle. Height of these wedges were 27.5mm, leaving a clear opening of 25mm diameter in the central zone of the 80mm diameter pipe nozzle. Data of axial mean velocity at the exit of the extension tubes were recorded at Reynolds number 5.3e4.

Page(s): 209-212                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 January 2020

 Md. Mosharrof Hossain
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh

 Muhammed Hasnain Kabir Nayeem
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technolog (MIST), Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

 Md Abu Taher Ali
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technolog (MIST), Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

[1]. Sheen, H. J., Chen, W. J. and Jeng. S. Y. (1996). Recirculation zones of unconfined and confined annular swirling jets. (AIAA Journal, Vol. 34, No.3, pp 572-579)
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[8]. T. Brooke Benjamin, (1962). Theory of the vortex breakdown phenomenon. (Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge)

Md. Mosharrof Hossain, Muhammed Hasnain Kabir Nayeem, Md Abu Taher Ali “Study of the Flow Characteristics of Swirling Confined Jet” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.209-212 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/209-212.pdf

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Personnel Management Practices and Teachers’ Retention in Public Secondary Schools in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
Okpebru, Okpebru Oden PhD, Martha Daniel Ekpe PhD and Enueshike Peter – December 2019 – Page No.: 213-219

The study investigates personnel management practices and teachers’ retention in Public Secondary Schools in Akwa Ibom State. To achieve this aim, three research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The correlation research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study consisted of 5210 Public Secondary School Teachers. Stratified and simple random sampling techniques were adopted to select 521 teachers for the study. The personnel management practices and teachers’ retention questionnaire (PMPTRQ) was used to elicit information for the study. The reliability coefficient of the instrument ranged from 0.71 to 0.91 using Cronbach Alpha Reliability Method. Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation and Multiple Regression statistical tools were used for data analysis. The results of the study revealed that principal/staff relationship and promotion were related to teachers’ retention in Public Secondary Schools in Akwa Ibom State. The result of the study further showed that principal/staff relationship and promotion a dimensions of personnel management practices when taken together significantly predicted teachers’ retention in public secondary schools. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended among others that adequate promotion of teachers’ should be encouraged. Also there should be hormonal relationship among teachers in the study area.

Page(s): 213-219                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 January 2020

  Okpebru, Okpebru Oden PhD
University of Calabar, Calabar Cross River State, Nigeria

  Martha Daniel Ekpe PhD
Cross River University of Technology Calabar Cross River State, Nigeria

  Enueshike Peter
Nassarawa State University, Keffi, Nassarawas State, Nigeria

[1] Ahiauzu, L.U., Diejoriye, F. and Onwuchekcva, C.A. (2011). Relationship between motivational factors and teachers’ performance on the job in Ogba/Egbema/ Ndoni Local Government Area of River State, Nigeria. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 2(5), 23-26.
[2] Akaninwor , F. (2006). Wages and Workers performance level in New York. New York: John Wiley.
[3] Akpan. C.P. (2011). Fundamentals of school business Management. Calabar: Primechoice Konsult.
[4] Asindi, M. (2002).Staff recruitment and job performance of teachers. The vocational educator. 6(2), 32-63.
[5] Ayang, E. E. (2003). Teachers’ promotion and senior secondary school students’ academic performance in Ikom education zone (Unpublished M.Ed Thesis). Faculty of Education, University of Calabar, Calabar.
[6] Cross River State (2004). Rules and regulations in matters relating to appointment. Calabar: Government House Press.
[7] Edem, R. (2007). Teacher promotion and students’ performance. West African Journal of Education.5(9), 2 10-221.
[8] Essien, I. M. (2002). Relative importance of different factors influencing primary teachers in Cross River State. Unpublished B. Ed. Thesis. University of Calabar, Calabar.
[9] Federal Republic of Nigeria (2013) National Policy on Education (6thed). Lagos: NERDC Press.
[10] Hong, E.N.C., Hao, L.Z., Kumar, R., Ramandrars, C. and Kadiresan, V. (2012). An effectiveness of human resources management practices on employees retention in institute of higher learning: A regression analysis. International Journal of Business Research and Management. 3(2), 60-79.
[11] Huling-Austin (2005). The relation of training practices and organizational performance in small and medium size enterprise. Education and training, 43(8/9), 437-444.
[12] Ingersol, I. & Smith, U. (2003). Predicting organizational trust level of school managers and teachers at elementary schools. Precedia-Social and Behavioural Sciences, 1(I), I, 2180-2190.
[13] Inyang, B. J. & Akpama, A. M. (2002).Personnel Management in Nigeria. Calabar:Merb Publishers.
[14] Inyang, B.J. & Akpama, A.M. (2002).Personnel management Practice in Nigeria. Calabar: Merb Business Publisher.
[15] Johnstone, R. & Quinlan, M. (2006). Teachers and staff work relationship: Evidence from Australia employee relations. 28(3), 273-289
[16] Kirk, F. &b Olinger, V. (2003). Citizenship education longitudinal study: second annual report: first longitudinal study. National Foundation for Education Research, England, 1-154
[17] Palermo, D. (2002). Personnel administration: a point of view and method. New York: McGraw Hills.

Okpebru, Okpebru Oden PhD, Martha Daniel Ekpe PhD and Enueshike Peter “Personnel Management Practices and Teachers’ Retention in Public Secondary Schools in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.213-219 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/213-219.pdf

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Assessment of Utilization of Educational Facilities on Junior Secondary School Students’ Academic Achievement in Mathematics in Kwara State, Nigeria
Obia Eniang-Esien PhD, Eyong Emmanuel Ikpi PhD, Egim Joyce Ekpo- December 2019 – Page No.: 220-226

This study investigates Assessment of Utilization of Educational Facilities on junior secondary school students’ academic achievement in Mathematics in Kwara State, Nigeria. To give direction to the study, three research questions and hypotheses were posed. The study adopted the ex-post facto design with a population of six thousand four hundred and ten (6,410) respondents drawn from 15 schools drawn from the sixteen Local government areas in the three geopolitical zone in Kwara state A questionnaire developed by the researchers titled “Utilization of Educational Facilities Questionnaire (UEFQ) was used for the study. The second instrument was Mathematics Achievement Test (MAT) The instrument consisted twenty one (21) objective test questions on Mathematics, based on junior secondary one, two and three (JSS 2 & 3) syllabus. construct validity of the instruments were established by three experts, one in measurement and evaluation and two in Mathematics education and Educational Management respectively from University of Calabar and Kwara State university respectively and the reliability was established with Cronbach alpha reliability index which ranged from .70 to .86 respectively. The data gathered were analyzed with one-way Analysis of Variance (One-way ANOVA). The major findings revealed that most of the secondary schools in North, Central and Southern Kwara. Also it was found that schools that have these facilities poorly utilize even the available ones and these contributed to the students’ poor academic achievement in Mathematics. It was recommended that: Government, in collaboration with the school management, should make fund available for procuring modern electronic instructional resources to complement the conventional non print resources.

Page(s): 220-226                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 January 2020

 Obia Eniang-Esien PhD
Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education Cross River University of Technology, Calabar Cross River State, Nigeria

 Eyong Emmanuel Ikpi PhD
Department of Educational Foundations and Childhood Education, Faculty of Education Cross River University of Technology, Calabar Cross River State, Nigeria

 Egim Joyce Ekpo
Department of Educational Foundations and Childhood Education, Faculty of Education Cross River University of Technology, Calabar Cross River State, Nigeria

[1] Ainon, R. Rosmaizura M. Z. (2018). The Impact of Facilities on Student’s Academic Achievement. Kota Bharu, Kelantan printing press, Malaysia.
[2] Ali, N. A. (2006). Conducting research in education and social science. Nsukka: Tian Press.
[3] Baribor. D. (2003). Nigeria and Education: The Challenges Ahead. Intec Printers Limited, Ibadan.
[4] Dike, C. (2001). Strategies and Utilization of Improvised Instructional Materials and Students Achievement s and Attitude in Ekiti State Secondary Schools, Nigeria: Journal of research in Education vol. 3, no. 2: The Development Universal Consortia; Ekere-Ekiti, Nigeria.
[5] Ekundayo, H. T. (2008). School facilities as correlates of students’ achievement in the affective and psychomotor domains of learning. European scientific journal. 8 (6), 1857- 7431.
[6] Elaturoti, H. (2010) Teaching of Life Sciences. New Delhi, Anmol Publication. Ltd. India.
[7] Farombi, J.G. (2008). Resource Concentration, Utilization and Management as Correlates of Students’ Learning outcomes: A study in School Quality in Oyo State. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, university of Ibadan.
[8] Federal Republic of Nigeria (2004). National policy an Education. Lagos NERDC press.
[9] Ogungbemi, F. A. (2004). Management of schools for quality assurance. Ife: Journal of Teachers Education,3(14), 25-27.
[10] Olagboye, A. A. (2004). Introduction to education management in Nigeria. Ibadan: daily graphics (Nigeria) Limited.
[11] Omengala, O.I. (2009). The Role of Supervisors and Inspectors in Improving Educational Students Language Arts. Institute Journal of Studies in Education, florin, 1(3), 14-15

Obia Eniang-Esien PhD, Eyong Emmanuel Ikpi PhD, Egim Joyce Ekpo “Assessment of Utilization of Educational Facilities on Junior Secondary School Students’ Academic Achievement in Mathematics in Kwara State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.220-226 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/220-226.pdf

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Steam Power Plant Instrumentation: A Case Study of Sapele Power Station
P. A. Ondachi – December 2019 – Page No.: 227-233

This paper presents the installation and functional status of the instrumentation and controls for boiler and turbine plants of Sapele Steam Power Station in Nigeria which has been in operation since 1978.The level of sophistication, adequacy of measurement points, and functional condition of instrumentation systems for Sapele steam power station have been studied in this work. Also investigated was the availability of facilities for instrument maintenance and calibration. The level of sophistication of the instrumentation system for the simple and medium capacity Sapele station was found to be appropriately modest. In terms of sufficiency, measurement points installed on the plant were considered inadequate for the purpose of plant performance analysis. Most of the instruments on the plant were found to be in poor working condition, especially on the boiler plants. The implication of the findings is that accurate plant performance indicators cannot be readily calculated for the Sapele station because provision had not been made to measure all relevant thermodynamic process parameters. Results from the survey also indicate that general overhaul of the plant appears to be overdue.

Page(s): 227-233                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 January 2020

  P. A. Ondachi
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Baze University, Abuja, Nigeria

[1]. Central Electricity Generation Board (C. E. G. B.), (1971), London, U.K. Modern Power Station Practice, Vol. 6: Instrumentation, Controls and Testing, (Chapters 1 & 3)
[2]. Nalbandian H (2001) Instrumentation and control in coal-fired power plant. IEACR, London, UK, IEA Coal Research – The Clean Coal Centre Available: https://automationfederation.com/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=142459
[3]. National Electric Power Authority (N. E. P. A.), (1978), Lagos, Nigeria N.E.P.A. Maintenance Manual Vol. BM 37: Instrumentation & Control – Sapele Power Station, Nigeria, 1978.
[4]. Forbes Marshal, (2019) Boiler Efficiency: Introduction and Methods of Calculation, Available:
[5]. Central Electricity Generation Board (C. E. G. B.), (1971), London, U.K. Modern Power Station Practice, Vol. 5: Chemistry & Metallurgy, (Chapter 2)
[6]. National Electric Power Authority (N. E. P. A.), (1978), Lagos, Nigeria, Design Manual, Vol. BD 9: Instrumentation & Controls – Sapele Power Station,
[7]. Holman, J. P., (1980), New York, U.S., McGraw-Hill Book Company Experimental Methods for Engineers, 2nd Edition.
[8]. R. Jagan Mohan Rao, (2019). How to Create Instrument Loop Diagram Available: https://instrumentationtools.com
[9]. Rita Tatum, (2010) Determining and Stretching the Useful Life of Controls Available: www.facilitiesnet.com
[10]. Nick Kostora, (2016) HVAC System Life Cycles: How Long Should It Last? Available: www.achrnews.com
[11]. Ray DiSandro& Ray Torok (2005) Managing I & C Reliability and Obsolescence Available: https//pdfs.semanticscholar.org

P. A. Ondachi “Steam Power Plant Instrumentation: A Case Study of Sapele Power Station” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.227-233 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/227-233.pdf

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Effects of Demonstration and Discussion Strategies on Secondary School Students’ Achievement and Retention in Biology in Mubi Educational Zone, Adamawa State
Doris BASILA, Mohamed Alison JAJUA- December 2019 – Page No.: 234-246

Biology is an integral part of science that focuses on living things (plants and animals). It is a branch of science that forms a foundation for science that is needed to contribute immensely to the technological growth of the nation. This includes medicine, forestry, nursing, agriculture, biotechnology and so on. Biology is therefore a discipline that has to be properly handled and taught to school children to equip them with the critical needs for technological growth in the society. As one of the basic sciences, Biology is necessary for school children to gain entrance unto tertiary education for specialization in the sciences, engineering and technology. In view of this relevance, it is pertinent to promote the study and practice of Biology to all students.

Page(s): 234-246                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 January 2020

Department of Science Education, Adamawa State University, Mubi, Nigeria

 Mohamed Alison JAJUA
Department of Educational Foundations, Adamawa State University, Mubi, Nigeria

[1] Ajaja, O. P. (2011). Concept mapping as a study skill: Effects on students’ achievement in Biology. International Journal of Educational Sciences, 3(1), 49 – 57.
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Doris BASILA, Mohamed Alison JAJUA “Effects of Demonstration and Discussion Strategies on Secondary School Students’ Achievement and Retention in Biology in Mubi Educational Zone, Adamawa State” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.234-246 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/234-246.pdf

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Alternative method for construction of Steiner Triple Systems of order n; n≡1 or 3(mod 6) and n>12
D.M.T.B. Dissanayake and A.A.I. Perera – December 2019 – Page No.: 247-249

onstruction of Steiner Triple System is well-known. In this work, an alternative construction is given for the construction of STS(n); n≡1(mod 6) and n>1. Basic blocks have been used for this construction and these blocks have special properties. Starting with these blocks STS(13), STS(19) and STS(25) have been constructed. Furthermore, generalizations of this work for STS(3n) and STS(n2) have been given by introducing Cartesian Products of two sets.

Page(s): 247-249                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 January 2020

  D.M.T.B. Dissanayake
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

  A.A.I. Perera
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

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D.M.T.B. Dissanayake and A.A.I. Perera “Alternative method for construction of Steiner Triple Systems of order n; n≡1 or 3(mod 6) and n>12” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.247-249 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/247-249.pdf

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Investigating One-Dimensional Turbulence Intensity of Circular and Non-Circular Jets
Kyaw Hla Saing Chak, Kazi Rifat Bin Rafiq, Md. Samrat Hossain, Shafi-Al-Salman Romeo, Md. Thariqul Islam – December 2019 – Page No.: 250-253

Fluid dynamics and heat transfer sectors have undergonerevolutionary improvements with the study of turbulent flow in recent decades and still different ongoing researches are making breakthroughs in those sectors. In this research, the fluctuation of pressure in the flow field was measured using differential pressure transducer to investigate the turbulence region of conventional circular jet as well as non-circular (rectangular, square and triangular) jets in the flow axis only. The method was approached to introduce a cost-efficient technique as the alternative of high- cost particle image velocimetry, acoustic Dopplervelocimetry. The objective was to investigate the change in turbulence characteristics of different jets and compare performance which can be applied to aerodynamics, propulsion, heat transfer or environmental studies. Simultaneous measurements of pressure in the flow field were taken using pitot-tube which was converted into velocity applying dynamic pressure theory. The jet flow was created using a blower in an airflow facility and the area of inlet and outlet of all the nozzle was equal to maintain the initial jet flow characteristics. The turbulent intensity, mean shear layer and potential core length of the jets have been derived from the measured data. The study revealed that square nozzle didn’t have a significant impact in the flow field whereas the rectangular jet had an increased average shear layer and the triangular jet had a decreased potential core length compared to the conventional jet.

Page(s): 250-253                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 January 2020

  Kyaw Hla Saing Chak
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology, Mirpur Cantonment, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

  Kazi Rifat Bin Rafiq
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology, Mirpur Cantonment, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

  Md. Samrat Hossain
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology, Mirpur Cantonment, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

  Shafi-Al-Salman Romeo
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology, Mirpur Cantonment, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

  Md. Thariqul Islam
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology, Mirpur Cantonment, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

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[4] Salewski, M., Stankovic,D. and Fuchs, L., Mar 2008,Mixing in Circular and Non-circular Jets in Crossflow, Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, Volume 80, Issue 2, 255–283p.
[5] Khorsandi, B., 2011, Effect of Background Turbulence on an Axisymmetric Turbulent Jet, McGill University Libraries.
[6] Yu, Y.,Shademan,M., Barron, R., M., andBalachandar.R.,2012, CFD Study of Effects of Geometry Variations on Flow in a Nozzle, Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 6, No.3, 412-425p.
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Kyaw Hla Saing Chak, Kazi Rifat Bin Rafiq, Md. Samrat Hossain, Shafi-Al-Salman Romeo, Md. Thariqul Islam “Investigating One-Dimensional Turbulence Intensity of Circular and Non-Circular Jets” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.250-253 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/250-253.pdf

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Competitiveness, Capital Movement Inward, and Eco Economic and Monetary Union in WAMZ
Chukwuemeka Amaefule- December 2019 – Page No.: 254-262

This unbalanced panel study employed Pool Mean Group (PMG) estimator to determine the impact of capital movement inward on internal competitiveness and external competitiveness of West African Monetary Zone (WAMZ). Data from World Development Indicators were sourced for period covering 1970 to 2017. The result showed that FDI has a positive impact on the internal and external competitiveness of WAMZ, ODA has negative impact on the internal and external competitiveness of WAMZ; and IBRD loan has negative impact on internal competitiveness and positive impact on external competitiveness. The result showed that the speed of adjustment though negative is not significant save for trade%GDP. The dual impact of capital movement inward on competitiveness implies that full capital account liberalization policy of WAMZ is not entirely effective to guarantee long-run convergence in WAMZ. In conclusion, capital movement inward e.g. FDI variables affect the capacity of WAMZ to achieve long-run convergence. There should be obvious reforms in WAMZ to accelerate market fundamentals necessary to ensure that inward capital movement improves internal and external competitiveness required to accelerate the achievement of macroeconomic convergence criteria (MCC) in terms of Real GDP and external reserves (trade growth) to sustain Eco EMU beyond 2020.

Page(s): 254-262                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 January 2020

 Chukwuemeka Amaefule
Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

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Chukwuemeka Amaefule “Competitiveness, Capital Movement Inward, and Eco Economic and Monetary Union in WAMZ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.254-262 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/254-262.pdf

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Is WAMZ an Optimum Currency Area?
Chukwuemeka Amaefule – December 2019 – Page No.: 263-268

This study empirically investigates the existence of symmetry and asymmetry in West African Monetary Zone (WAMZ) using Wald F-test. Data obtained from World Development Indicators from 1970-2017 were employed for this study. The study was carried out under pooled and country-specific study. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select countries for country-specific study. The result showed that symmetry exists in pooled study, and both symmetry and asymmetry exist in WAMZ. The result implies that WAMZ is entirely not an optimum currency Area (OCA). WAMZ is a quasi-OCA. Thus, WAMZ authorities should accelerate functional economic system that would absorb shock and a system that would strengthen productivity and capacity of WAMZ to gain market share in order to forestall Eco-currency from value volatility.

Page(s): 263-268                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 January 2020

  Chukwuemeka Amaefule
Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

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Chukwuemeka Amaefule “Is WAMZ an Optimum Currency Area?” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.263-268 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/263-268.pdf

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Factors Affecting Human Capital Development in Malaysia
G Gunasegaran Gopal – December 2019 – Page No.: 269-270

This conceptual paper describes the factor that affects human capital development in Malaysia. Human capital development in Malaysia is not par with other Asian countries such as Singapore, Japan as well as South Korea. Among the factors that affect human capital development in Malaysia are lack of proficiency in English language, issues with Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), Malaysia’s higher education institutions’ ranking, brain drain issues among Malaysians as well as ad hoc policies implemented in Malaysian education systems.

Page(s): 269-270                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 January 2020

  G Gunasegaran Gopal
Ghazali Shafie Graduate School of Government, Universiti Utara Malaysia

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G Gunasegaran Gopal “Factors Affecting Human Capital Development in Malaysia” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.6 issue 12, pp.269-270 December 2019 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-6-issue-12/269-270.pdf

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