Volume VII Issue VIII

Effects of Virtual Laboratory Simulation Package and Demonstration Instructional Strategy on the Achievement of Secondary School Students in Biology

Yaki, Akawo Angwal, Babagana, Mohammed, Abubakar, Zainab – August 2020 Page No.: 01-04

This study investigated the Effects of Computer Laboratory Simulation and Practical Demonstration Instructional Strategy on the Achievement of Secondary School Students in practical Biology. The research design adopted for the study was Pretest-Posttest experimental group design. The population is all secondary school students in Minna Metropolis. Purposive sampling technique was used to select two secondary schools in Minna metropolis, Niger State Nigeria. The two Schools were randomly assigned to experimental group (computer simulation group) and control group (Demonstration teaching methods) respectively. Finally, stratified simple random sampling technique was used to select the 60 SSII students. The experimental group had 30 (15 males – 15 females) students and control 30 (15 males – 15 females) students. A Computer simulation laboratory Package (CSLP) was developed treatment instrument for this study. The instrument that was used in collecting data for the study was researcher adopted Biology Practical Achievement Test (BPAT). The instrument was pilot tested and its reliability coefficient determined as 0.74 using Kuder Richardson (KR-21). The data collected was subjected to analysis using t-test at 0.05 alpha level of significance. The results revealed that there is significant difference between the experimental groups and control group. The experimental group had a significant improvement in performance after they were exposed to treatment and was also found to be gender friendly Based on the findings it was recommended that Computer Laboratory Simulation Package should be adopted by biology teachers in teaching practical biology at secondary schools, since it has been found to improved academic performance.

Page(s): 01-04                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 August 2020

 Yaki, Akawo Angwal
Department of Science Education, School of Science and Technology Education, Federal University of Technology Minna, Nigeria

 Babagana, Mohammed
Department of Science Education, School of Science and Technology Education, Federal University of Technology Minna, Nigeria

 Abubakar, Zainab
Department of Science and Environmental Education, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria

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Yaki, Akawo Angwal, Babagana, Mohammed, Abubakar, Zainab “Effects of Virtual Laboratory Simulation Package and Demonstration Instructional Strategy on the Achievement of Secondary School Students in Biology” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.01-04 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/01-04.pdf

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COVID-19 Pandemic Kindled Innovations Leading to Primary Care Management in India: A Review
Vasi A. E. Shaikh, Ishrat V. Shaikh – August 2020 – Page No.: 05-12

COVID-19, a new disease of the coronavirus family, has engulfed the entire world. While developed countries suffered the most; India, despite its high population density, has managed to keep the number of deaths relatively low. ‘Innovation challenges’ were given by the government, its intermediaries and corporate to crowd source the ideas and to empower the citizen innovators, on the onset of a pandemic. Government and the corporate supported them by testing, prototyping help, translating their relevant ideas into products and recognition. A large number of participants including individual citizens to students, startups, traders, and entrepreneurs responded to the challenge through their simple and frugal innovations when there was an acute shortage and urgent need of creative solutions in terms of personal protection equipment (PPE), medical equipment and accessories and other health and welfare tools to aid the personal hygiene as well as a safe environment for humans. Some innovations were impromptu attempts by citizen innovators. This communication summarizes notable instances of timely innovations at various levels in the society during the crisis. Various sources such as journal articles, news articles, commercial enterprises, as well as academic and research institutions have been reviewed for the collection of the information. The relevance of these practical innovations to COVID-19, which helped the society, underlines the people’s belief that innovation can indeed help the nation conquer the crisis and if empowered, a common man is capable of converting the crisis into opportunity. The active participation by various sectors of the society and the last person from the weaker section of society, including ‘women self-help groups’ have highlighted a good example of the ‘quadruple helix model of innovation’ which emphasizes on constant interactions between academia, industry, government and public. There is a need to sustain, support and encourage this inquisitive mindset to create the next wave of innovation to fight any such calamity and support socioeconomic development in the future.

Page(s): 05-12                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 August 2020

  Vasi A. E. Shaikh
School of Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry Research Laboratory, MIT World Peace University, Kothrud, Pune 411038, India

 Ishrat V. Shaikh
Department of Zoology, Abeda Inamdar Senior College, Azam Campus, Camp, Pune 411001, India

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Vasi A. E. Shaikh, Ishrat V. Shaikh “COVID-19 Pandemic Kindled Innovations Leading to Primary Care Management in India: A Review” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.05-12 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/05-12.pdf

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Block Chain Technology: Smart Contract Application in the Real Estate Industry in Kenya
Jedidah Wanjagi, Olanrewaju Isola Fatoki, PhD- August 2020 – Page No.: 13-17

Block chain is widely known as the underlying technology powering bitcoin. However, with the wide usage of technology, the block chain based smart contracts are being used to serve a wide range of data set such as financing, purchasing, leasing, sale and management of property transactions. This research embarked on determining the applicability of smart contract in the real estate industry. The researcher explored the usage of smart contract in management of property, purchasing, leasing and sales. Data was collected using secondary data from different articles and journals. From the findings revealed that, the real estate industry is transforming fast and there is need to have all the data in one place to reduce cases of fraud and simplify the title deed record process. Smart contract eases the lack of trust between the buyer and seller since with block chain, data is more transparent and there is accurate record keeping. It also provides an opportunity for auto-confirmation by the land registries and enhances transparency. It was further revealed that with smart contracts, several entitles can modify the database including tenants, owners, investors and lenders. Recommendations indicate the real estate industry should adopt block chain due to its usefulness and ability to create a difference in the industry.

Page(s): 13-17                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 August 2020

 Jedidah Wanjagi
Department of Economics, Accounting and Finance, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya

 Olanrewaju Isola Fatoki, PhD
Department of Accounting, Finance and Economic, School of Business, KCA University, Nairobi, Kenya

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Jedidah Wanjagi, Olanrewaju Isola Fatoki, PhD “Block Chain Technology: Smart Contract Application in the Real Estate Industry in Kenya” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.13-17 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/13-17.pdf

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Assessment of Occupational Health Hazard of Street Sweepers in Ilorin Metropolis, Kwara State, Nigeria

O.S Olafimihan, M.I Ogunruku, O.E. Odipe – August 2020 Page No.: 18-23

Street sweepers are behind the enhancing traffic safety for removing harmful pollutants. The job of street sweepers is a vigorous task which exposes workers to many hazards and health problems. Street sweepers are exposed to a variety of health risk factors on working environment such as dust volatile organic matter, bio-aerosols and mechanical stress, which caused them to develop certain occupational disease. Street cleaners are exposed to divers occupational health hazards which can be; physical, chemical, biological, psychosocial and ergonomic hazards, signs if which may include; rash, sunburn, heat stress, headache, breathlessness, skin cancer and temporary loss of hearing or permanent hearing loss from exposure to noise. This study, which is aimed at assessing the occupational health hazards the street sweepers are exposed to, 100 street sweepers working in 3major Local Government of Ilorin Metropolis, Kwara State, Nigeria were studied, the street sweepers work on the major road in these LGAs, the survey designed study makes use of interview as well as the use of structured questionnaires in gathering the used data which were presented in tables. Major percentage of the street sweepers were female, (88%) while only 12% were male, with different age ranges, 3% were between the age of 10 years to 20 years, 21 to 30 years makes up 25% of the population, 49% of the population falls betweeen the age of 31 years and 40 years old and 23% are 41 years old and above. 73% of the respondents has no training on waste handling while 27% claimed to have undergone training on waste handling, 41% of the street sweepers said they have training on how to clean and 59% has no training. 77% of the respondents claimed to have knowledge on the hazards associated to their occupation, while 23% has no knowledge whatsoever on the hazards associated with their occupation. These and more were revealed about the street sweeping job in Ilorin Metropolis in relation the hazards associated with the job. Conclusions were made based on the results future study recommendations were discussed as well.

Page(s): 18-23                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 August 2020

 O.S Olafimihan
Department of Environmental Health Science, School of Allied Health and Environmental Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria

 M.I Ogunruku
Department of Environmental Health Science, School of Allied Health and Environmental Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria

 O.E. Odipe
Department of Environmental Health Science, School of Allied Health and Environmental Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria

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[5] Gebremedhn, Mulu Gebreslassie, and Prakasam Vadakkedath Raman. “Socio economic and health status of street sweepers of Mekelle city, Ethiopia.” Waste Management 103 (2020): 251-259.
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[8] Johnson, Ofonime Effiong, and Ukeme Anthony John. “Occupational hazards and health problems among street sweepers in Uyo, Nigeria.” Occupational hazards 13, no. 2.
[9] Nku, C. O., E. J. Peters, A. I. Eshiet, O. Oku, and E. E. Osim. “Lung function, oxygen saturation and symptoms among street sweepers in Calabar, Nigeria.” Nigerian journal of physiological sciences 20, no. 1 (2005): 79-84.
[10] Patel, Vijay Shankar, and Utsuk Datta. “Assessment of Knowledge and Preventive Practices about Occupational Health Hazard among Safai Karmchari of Municipality in Delhi.” EPIDEMIOLOGY INTERNATIONAL 3, no. 4 (2020).
[11] Priyanka, V. Patil, and R. K. Kamble. “Occupational health hazards in street sweepers of Chandrapur city, central India.” International Journal of Environment 6, no. 2 (2017): 9-18.
[12] Rahma, Mervat, Ashraf Ewis, and Tamer Hifnawy. “Awareness of Occupational Health Hazards among Street Sweepers and Garbage Collectors at Beni-Suef City, Egypt: A Cross-Sectional Study.” Journal of High Institute of Public Health 39, no. 4 (2009): 654-668.
[13] Stambuli, Prisca. “Occupational respiratory health symptoms and associated factors among street sweepers in Ilala municipality.” PhD diss., Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, 2012.
[14] Wahab, Bolanle, and Busuyi Ogunlola. “The nature and challenges of street sweeping in Ado-Ekiti.” African Journal for the Psychological Studies of Social Issues 17, no. 3 (2015): 145-153

O.S Olafimihan, M.I Ogunruku, O.E. Odipe “Assessment of Occupational Health Hazard of Street Sweepers in Ilorin Metropolis, Kwara State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.18-23 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/18-23.pdf

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“The Role of Leader’s Personality and World Order on Foreign Policy Decision Making: Comparison between Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Era and Sheikh Hasina Era”

Abdur Rahman Mohammad Thamim – August 2020 Page No.: 24-38

Leader’s personality traits and existing strategic world order gambit a pivotal role on foreign policy decision making. Coordinating with world order, state leader’s power of imagination, emotionality, prudence, strategic crisis management and negotiation ability maximize highest national interest of a country. This paper endeavors to make a connection among leader’s personality traits, existing world order and foreign policy decision making by a comparative analysis between Sheikh Mujibur Rahman era(1972-1975) and Sheikh Hasina era (1996-2001; 2008- till to date). Personality traits models like 16 Personality Factor model and Big 5 Personality model are used here as a tool of examining leader’s personality. Besides, to what extent the world order (Uni-polarity, Bi-polarity, Non-polarity, Multi-polarity or revival of any super power at international politics) can also influence in foreign policy decision making is also a matter of critical analysis? Heredity, grown up environment and genetics that interlinked between the personality traits and foreign policy decision making of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Sheikh Hasina is also reflected in this paper.

Page(s): 24-38                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 August 2020

 Abdur Rahman Mohammad Thamim
Lecturer, Department of International Relations, Bangladesh University of Professionals (BUP) Mirpur Cantonment, Dhaka -1216, Bangladesh

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Abdur Rahman Mohammad Thamim ““The Role of Leader’s Personality and World Order on Foreign Policy Decision Making: Comparison between Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Era and Sheikh Hasina Era”” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.24-38 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/24-38.pdf

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Impact of Covid-19 on Office Market Segment of India
Jeel Joshi, Shekhar Nagargoje- August 2020 – Page No.: 39-45

The office segment of India was witnessing a growth trajectory for the past 3 years which was disrupted by Covid-19 pandemic. The crisis has pushed for new business models which rely on technology to achieve business continuity. In the current situation, the construction and economic activities have faced challenges. With these unconventional changes in structure, operation and lifestyle, the corporate world will have to revisit their priorities for their employees and assets. The research paper intends to gauge the gravity of the pandemic impact on Office market in India.

Page(s): 39-45                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 August 2020

 Jeel Joshi
MBA in Real Estate & Urban Infrastructure, RICS School of Built Environment, Amity University, Mumbai, India

 Shekhar Nagargoje
MBA in Real Estate & Urban Infrastructure, RICS School of Built Environment, Amity University, Mumbai, India

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Jeel Joshi, Shekhar Nagargoje”Impact of Covid-19 on Office Market Segment of India” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.39-45 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/39-45.pdf

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The Contention of U.S Intelligence Manipulation and Political Surveillance: A Post 9/11 intelligence Diagnosis

Iffat Anjum, Abdur Rahman Mohammad Thamim – August 2020 Page No.: 46-56

This paper attempts to demonstrate the nature and functions of US intelligence operations in the contemporary world while juxtaposing their compatibility and consistency with relevant international legal frameworks. It has explored whether these operations of intelligence and counter-intelligence dynamism is being confined within the national issues of United States or time to time moving beyond opportunistically. After simultaneous and vigorous intelligence failure of 9/11 terrorist attacks and Iraq WMD intelligence failure (controversially intelligence propaganda) , the intelligence communities of United States have undergone extensive major reforms since 2005 when President George W. Bush signed the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act. But this diagnosis sheds light on the debate that in spite of being modified and revised these intelligence agencies have still remained the same prejudiced, arrogant and tyrannical institutions prioritizing national interests rather than civil, national and international laws. To exemplify such illiberal attitude and gross intelligence manipulation numerous issues of Abu Ghraib Prison, Guantanamo Bay detention camp and more recent ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Levant) patronization can be highlighted as concrete evidences. Again, covert but authentic sources like WikiLeaks, Edward Snowden and Julian Assange have revealed sensitive contended issues that US intelligence is being used as a political instrument to sustain unauthorized and extrajudicial surveillance violating individual as well as collective rights. They have strongly argued such manipulated entities patronize new threats to international terrorism to continue systematic extremism against the well-portrayed religious fundamentalism. Thereby, this paper tries to examine whether all forms of international terrorism is backed by religious fundamentalism or to some extent ironically being patronized by the ‘countering intelligence communities’ to sustain their political interests and dominance. Finally, considering all such extremely controversial determinants this paper advances to ascertain current international stature and credibility of these intelligence institutions and prescribes several plausible reform initiatives to redesign these entities in a value-neutral, dispassionate and objective manner.

Page(s): 46-56                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 August 2020

 Iffat Anjum
Lecturer, Department of International Relations, Bangladesh Military Academy, Bangladesh University of Professionals, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh

 Abdur Rahman Mohammad Thamim
Lecturer, Department of International Relations, Bangladesh Military Academy, Bangladesh University of Professionals, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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Iffat Anjum, Abdur Rahman Mohammad Thamim, “The Contention of U.S Intelligence Manipulation and Political Surveillance: A Post 9/11 intelligence Diagnosis” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.46-56 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/46-56.pdf

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Experimental Studies on Laminar Jet Methane-Air Premixed Flame at Atmospheric Condition
Jahidul Haque Chaudhuri – August 2020 – Page No.: 57-64

Flame can be defined in which rapid chemical reaction take place and often emitting light. In other words, flame is a self-sustainable localized combustion zone that moves at a certain velocity into the fuel-air mixture. This is also known as a combustion wave since it moves and there is a sudden change in properties like temperature and mass fraction of constituent species. Combustion can occur in both in flame and non-flame method. Flame mode further classified premixed flame and non-premixed fame. A premixed flame can be stabilized between two limiting values of gas flow rate. First limiting value of gas flow rate is, for a certain maximum value of gas flow rate flame get detached from the burner and flame go away from the domain of interest. This phenomenon is called blow off or liftoff the flame. During liftoff condition flame may be stabilized at some distance from the port. Due to liftoff, several problems create like escape or loss of unburnt gasses, poor heat transfer, noisy, incomplete combustion, and tough to accurately control the position of flame. And second, the limiting value of gas flow rate is, when the flow rate of the gas falls below a certain minimum value, the flame is not capable of anchoring itself to the burner rim and moves into the burner, this phenomenon is called flashback. Similar to liftoff conditions due to flashbacks create several problems as it can lead to an explosion. So data off flashback and blow off is very important to design any combustion system. In this present study focusing on finding stability range of methane-air experimentally by investigating flashback and blow off covering a wide range of fuel-air ratio from lean to reach mixture. And also observe how cone angle and flame height changes with changing air-fuel flow rate, using flame cone angle flame propagation speed can measure and compare at which condition (lean, rich, stoichiometric) its maximum.

Page(s): 57-64                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 August 2020

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2020.7801

 Jahidul Haque Chaudhuri
Direct Ph.D., Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, 600036, India

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Jahidul Haque Chaudhuri “Experimental Studies on Laminar Jet Methane-Air Premixed Flame at Atmospheric Condition” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp. 57-64 August 2020 URL: DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2020.7801

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The Effect of Brand Name on Consumer Buying Behavior: Empirical Study on Somali Students in Istanbul

Fuad Ali Bulle, Prof. Dr. Özgür Çengel – August 2020 Page No.: 65-75

Branding plays an important role in enhancing any commercial performance and is a closed tool that can positively change people’s buying behavior. In the current marketing scenario, it has become necessary to examine consumer behavior. Consumers are market owners. A commercial organization cannot operate without consumers. The study is presented in five chapters, literature review, research methodology, presentation of research results, analysis and discussion of data, summary, results, and recommendations. The objectives of the study focus on examining the impact of a brand on consumer buying behavior, whether consumer buying behavior is affected by factors such as the excellent price of branded products, perceived quality of branded products, marital status, and brand name associated with brand consumption of Somali students study in Istanbul which is the working population of the study since most of the students in turkey study in Istanbul. a questionnaire was used to collect data. 110 questionnaires were used, which collected 110 responses for a month. The results show that the brand name has a strong positive impact and an important relationship with consumer buying behavior.

Page(s): 65-75                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 August 2020

 Fuad Ali Bulle
Master Student, Faculty Social Science, Department of Business Administration, Istanbul Commerce University, Istanbul, Turkey

 Prof. Dr. Özgür Çengel
Lecturer, Faculty Social Science, Department of Business Administration, Istanbul Commerce University, Istanbul, Turkey

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Fuad Ali Bulle, Prof. Dr. Özgür Çengel “The Effect of Brand Name on Consumer Buying Behavior: Empirical Study on Somali Students in Istanbul” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.65-75 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/65-75.pdf

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Free Education as a Mechanism to Ascertained Quality Education in Primary Schools in Sokoto State, Nigeria
Bashar Ibrahim, Sanusi Sirajo Aliyu, Isah Yahaya – August 2020 – Page No.: 76-79

This research is aims at investigating the academic achievement of pupils during free education program in Sokoto state, the researchers used descriptive survey design in order to determined accurate results, the population of 20,305 was used to conducted this Studies out of the population 377 Sample was used for the study the Sample was Determine using RV. Krejcies and D.W Morgan (1970) Table of determining Sample Size for Research Activities, Fourteen designed Questions were formulated to Guide Studies Simple Random Sampling techniques’ was used to determine the Sample, the questionnaires has been Validated by experts’ and they testified its reliability and Validity. Descriptive Statistics and SPSS were used for data Analysis the Finding of the Study shows that, Free Education has played a crucial roles on pupil access to quality Education in Sokoto State, This was achieved Through Pupil Enrolments with a Means of 3.0389 while level of intervention in public partnership shows 3.1696 and pupils performance with means 3.1544 the Instrument Consist three likert Scale. The following was recommended from the Studies: – Government needs to gives More Priority on Free- and quality education. There is Needs for Strong Intervention between Public and Private Partnership for Access quality Education among pupils of Sokoto State.

Page(s): 76-79                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 August 2020

 Bashar Ibrahim
Dept of Adult and Non-formal Education, Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria

 Sanusi Sirajo Aliyu
Department of Social Sciences, College of Basic and Remedial Studies, Nigeria

 Isah Yahaya
Dept of General Studies, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto State, Nigeria

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Bashar Ibrahim, Sanusi Sirajo Aliyu, Isah Yahaya “Free Education as a Mechanism to Ascertained Quality Education in Primary Schools in Sokoto State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.76-79 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/76-79.pdf

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Assessment of Heavy Metals of Some Selected Medicinal Plant in Kwakwachi Fagge Local Government of Kano State, Nigeria
Obadahun.J, Okeh.Q, Shittu.K.J, Pascalina.P.L, Oludege.O.F, Omotola.M.B – August 2020 – Page No.: 80-82

This study was carried out to assess the level of heavy metal content of five selected medicinal plants locally consumed in Kwakwachi Fagge local government of Kano state. The concentration of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cr, and As) were determined in Azadirachta indica (neem leaf), Vernonia amygdalina (bitter leave), Anacardium occidental (cashew leave), Citrus sinensis (orange) and Citrus limo (lemon) samples using Atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The concentration of the metals in all the medicinal plants were found to be Pb 1.84-5.12 mg/l, Cd 0.6-0.84 mg/l, Cr 0.24-0.6 mg/, As 1.6-10.2 mg/l. The result obtained from study showed that arsenic has the highest concentration in all the medicinal plants. The levels of the various heavy metals in the medicinal plant samples studied were found to be in order of As>Pb>Cd>Cr. The concentration of heavy metals in the plant samples exceeded the permissible limit of W.H.O (2006). The result indicates potential heavy metal risk as a result of the consumption of the mentioned traditional medicine in the study area.

Page(s): 80-82                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 August 2020

Department of Science Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology (Nilest), Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Department of Science Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology (Nilest), Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Department of Science Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology (Nilest), Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Department of Science Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology (Nilest), Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Department of Environmental Science and Resources Management, National Open University of Nigeria, Plot 91, Jabi, Abuja, Nigeria

Directorate of Research N and Development, Ogun Centre, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology (Nilest), Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

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Obadahun.J, Okeh.Q, Shittu.K.J, Pascalina.P.L, Oludege.O.F, Omotola.M.B “Assessment of Heavy Metals of Some Selected Medicinal Plant in Kwakwachi Fagge Local Government of Kano State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp. 80-82 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/80-82.pdf

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Gender Differences in Manifestation of University Students’ Problem Behaviours: A Case of Kibabii University, Kenya

Carolyne Otieno Wakoli – August 2020 Page No.: 83-86

In the recent past, universities have witnessed violent protests and destruction of property including those of the community, risky sexual behaviour which has ended in many female students becoming pregnant and careless drinking by students in the villages surrounding the universities. Kibabii University like any other in Kenya has depression such symptoms in students which has occasioned students committing suicide. All these types of behaviour have been of concern to parents, lecturers, counselors, the Ministry of Education and other stakeholders. The study concluded that there is a structural gender variation differences emerging in terms of both externalized problem behaviors and internalized problem behaviors.

Page(s): 83-86                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 August 2020

 Carolyne Otieno Wakoli
Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Alupe University College (A Constituent of Moi University) Kenya

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Carolyne Otieno Wakoli “Gender Differences in Manifestation of University Students’ Problem Behaviours: A Case of Kibabii University, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.83-86 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/83-86.pdf

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Applied Behavior Analysis as an Intervention Strategy in Learners with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Dr. George Mathenge Wairungu – August 2020 Page No.: 87-92

Autism Spectrum Disorder is a neurological developmental disorder that affects a child’s ability to communicate, and socialize. Children with ASD as well have nonfunctional repetitive behaviors, activities and restricted interests. Many children with ASD may have intellectual disabilities, anxiety and sensory processing disorders in a comorbid state. Commonly, learners with ASD exhibit inappropriate and challenging behaviors that comprise attention and in turn significant time is lost redirecting behavior in class and during therapy sessions. Unwanted Behaviors in learners with ASD play three functions inclusive of avoiding work, earning a reward and getting attention. Managing unwanted behavior require that teachers and families identify the core triggers and functional cause of the targeted behavior. This is usually achieved through conduction of an objective process known as functional behavior analyses. When this is done successfully then what follows is a scientific behavior modification approach known as Applied Behavior Analyses. This paper discusses the nature, principles and goals of Applied behavior analyses. A thorough review of literature from researchers and behavior management experts has been conducted to compile it.

Page(s): 87-92                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 August 2020

 Dr. George Mathenge Wairungu
Department of Early Childhood and Special Needs Education, Kenyatta University Kenya

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Dr. George Mathenge Wairungu “Applied Behavior Analysis as an Intervention Strategy in Learners with Autism Spectrum Disorder” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.87-92 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/87-92.pdf

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Social Media Networks and Their Impact on University Students’ Academic Performance: A Case of Kibabii University, Kenya

Hesborn Chonge – August 2020 Page No.: 93-96

Improvements in communication technology especially in social media has greatly broadened the scope of communication helping people to be better informed and keeping abreast with world development. The social networking sites among others include: WhatsApp, Twitter, Facebook and Skype which use gadgets like smart phones and tablets. The popularity of use of social media has been felt in learning institutions. Certainly, this creates a direct link between the use of social media and academic achievement in learning institutions. These sites remain in use continuously by students on a daily basis. Therefore, as to whether many social networking sites displayed on the internet cause students to be tempted to abandon their academic work and reading times in preference for chatting online with friends or they enhance academic performance is a question that this paper has attempted to answer. Consequently, this paper aims at discussing the impact of social media networks in terms of promoting or negating academic performance among university students. At the end of the paper, the author has recommended on how learning institutions can maximumly benefit there students from the exposure to social media to enhance academic performance

Page(s): 93-96                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 August 2020

 Hesborn Chonge
Department of Educational Psychology, Moi University, Kenya

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Hesborn Chonge “Social Media Networks and Their Impact on University Students’ Academic Performance: A Case of Kibabii University, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.93-96 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/93-96.pdf

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Comparison of Feature Selection Techniques for Predicting Student’s Academic Performance

Olukoya, Bamidele Musiliu – August 2020 Page No.: 97-101

In recent time, educational data mining (EDM) has received substantial considerations. Many techniques of data mining have been proposed to dig out out-of-sight knowledge in educational data. The Knowledge obtained assists the academic institutions to further enhance their process of learning and methods of passing knowledge to students. Powerful tools are required to analyze and predict the performance of students scientifically. This paper focuses on comparing two feature selection techniques in identifying major factors among the numerous affecting students’ academic that could give accurate prediction. Student educational data was retrieved from Kaggle data repository and feature selection on is done by applying Information Gain Attribute Evaluator and Correlation Based Features Selection (CFS) using WEKA as an Open Source Tool. Further a comparison is made among these two feature selections algorithm to select best attributes for prediction among all.

Page(s): 97-101                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 August 2020

  Olukoya, Bamidele Musiliu
Ph.D Student, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria (FUOYE)

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Olukoya, Bamidele Musiliu “Comparison of Feature Selection Techniques for Predicting Student’s Academic Performance” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.97-101 August 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/97-101.pdf

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Design an IoT enabled D2C E-Commerce Business Model for the Agricultural Supply Chain
Ashiq MI, Raja Krishnamoorthy, Kaarthick Velumani, Gregory Nannam, Sandeep Padalikar – August 2020 – Page No.: 102-106

Agriculturist face many challenges from producing the food crops until marketing. The conventional agricultural practices need revamping to provide quality food crops with optimized usage of water, bio nutrients and labor. The agriculturist in rural and remote areas lacks better monetary returns, since the local traders and intermediaries decide the prices for the farm produce. To meet the ever-growing demand and improve productivity, few farmers adopt artificial booster and additive usage. This poses a high risk on consumer’s health, since they are not aware of the origin, variety, pesticides and fertilizers used on the farm produce that is available in market. An attempt has been made to digitalize, a conventional agricultural supply chain for gaining better crop yield, cloud marketability, improved profit and provide a robust customer experience.

Page(s): 102-106                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 August 2020

 Ashiq MI
Senior Consultant, Cognizant Technology Solutions, India

 Raja Krishnamoorthy
Program Manager, Cognizant Technology Solutions, India

 Kaarthick Velumani
Senior Technology Architect, Cognizant Technology Solutions, India

 Gregory Nannam
Functional Architect, Cognizant Technology Solutions, India

 Sandeep Padalikar
Functional Architect, Cognizant Technology Solutions, India

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Ashiq MI, Raja Krishnamoorthy, Kaarthick Velumani, Gregory Nannam, Sandeep Padalikar “Design an IoT enabled D2C E-Commerce Business Model for the Agricultural Supply Chain” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.102-106 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/102-106.pdf

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Comparative Economic Analysis of Poultry Egg Production under Two Feed Management Regimes in Ogun State, Nigeria
Wale Ayojimi, Babatunde Oluseyi Ajiboye, Olasunkanmi Moses Bamiro – August 2020 – Page No.: 107-115

In this study, the comparative economic analysis of egg production using two (2) types of feed regimes vis-à-vis farm produced (self-compounded) feed and procured (commercial) feed in Abeokuta South & North LGAs was examined. A multistage sampling procedure was employed in the selection of sixty (60) poultry (egg) farmers: thirty (30) who procured commercial feeds, and thirty (30) who produced their feeds. The data was analyzed through a combination of descriptive statistics, cost and return structure, profitability and efficiency ratios as well as t-statistic test of difference between means. The result of the analyses showed that most of the poultry (egg) farmers for both categories studied, were educated and would make use of any qualitative innovation introduced to them, while most of them have a mean farming experience of below ten (10) years, also, farmers who use farm produced feeds had a higher average stock size of about 1,218 birds while those who use commercial feeds had about 1,050 birds. Feed cost, being the most important and expensive component of variable costs in poultry egg production was 79.6% using farm produced feed, while it was 80.6% using commercial feed. The profitability ratios calculated revealed that poultry (egg) farmers in the area could generate a return on fixed cost of N687,798.83and N244,901.93 and a rate of return on investment of 31.4% and 11.9% using farm produced feed and commercial feed respectively. For the efficiency ratios, a bird fed with these two types of feeds, produced an approximate number of five (5) eggs in a week. However, while for every Kg of farm produced feed, six eggs were produced for commercial feeds, five eggs were produced. Moreover, for a dozen of egg to be produced, 1.97Kg and 2.33Kg respectively of feed are expected to be fed. This was further accentuated by the cost of feed (N/kg) and profit (N /bird), which were significant at 1.4% and 1% respectively. The study therefore concluded that although poultry (egg) production is economically profitable and that farm produced feed is highly responsive to less cost and higher profit in Abeokuta metropolis, it is however not left without some limitations. These include: high cost of feed and feed ingredients, lack of capital and occasional power outage. Hence it is recommended that more concerted efforts be directed towards boosting agriculture specifically the production of such crops used in compounding feed so as to reduce the competition between man and poultry. In addition, proper enlightenment programmes can be organized for feed millers coupled with the direction of more labour force to the indigenous production of such equipment mostly grinders which can equally be better utilized in the absence of electricity.

Page(s): 107-115                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 August 2020

 Wale Ayojimi
Department of Agricultural Economics, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria

 Babatunde Oluseyi Ajiboye
Department of Agricultural Economics, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria

 Olasunkanmi Moses Bamiro
Department of Agricultural Economics, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria

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Wale Ayojimi, Babatunde Oluseyi Ajiboye, Olasunkanmi Moses Bamiro “Comparative Economic Analysis of Poultry Egg Production under Two Feed Management Regimes in Ogun State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.107-115 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/107-115.pdf

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Performance of Procurement Methods and Practices in Faith – Based Organizations in Kenya
Nomelif Kemei, Oyaro Jackson Ong’eta, Biru Sara and Omondi Richard Mc’Otieno – August 2020 – Page No.: 116-128

Faith – based organizations in Kenya have grown in terms of their operations and systems. This growth has necessitated the establishment of various strategic business units aimed at improving their performance and productivity. One of the key strategic business units that has been adopted by most of these organizations is the procurement units. The procurement function is considered as one of the key functional areas of any organization. This is due to its strategic position in enhancing the performance of the organization both in terms of improving their financial performance as well as managing the quality of service and products by the organizations. This study by adopting the descriptive research design and involving procurement staff and committee members from 18 institutions, and by using self – constructed survey questionnaire aimed at evaluating the performance effectiveness of the procurement methods and practices as used in the faith-based organizations in Kenya by addressing the following research questions: What is the place of procurement in the operations of the organizations?; What are the procurement methods used in the organizations under the category of Competitive methods and Non-competitive methods; What is the level of effectiveness of the procurement practices used in the organizations based on Costs of procurement, Quality of procurement and Risk mitigation ability; Is there a significant relationship between the place of procurement in the organization and the level of effectiveness of procurement practices and Is there a significant relationship between the assessment of the relationship between the organization and its suppliers and the place of procurement in the organization and the level of effectiveness of procurement practices. Descriptive statistical tools including frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviations were used to analyze the data. Additionally, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient was used in testing the null hypothesis. The study established that procurement is well placed, competitive procurement methods are mostly used compared to the non-competitive methods. There was a significant positive and moderate relationship between place of procurement in the organization and the level of effectiveness of procurement practices (r = 0.309; P = 0.012<0.05) and the self-assessment of the relationship between the organization and its suppliers (r = 0.355; P = 0.004<0.05). The study concludes that competitive procurement methods are mostly used as compared to the non-competitive methods, the institution have procurement practices that are cost effective, high quality and effective in risk mitigation

Page(s): 116-128                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 01 September 2020

 Nomelif Kemei
Department of Management, School of Business, University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, P.O. Box 2500 – 30100 Eldoret, Kenya

 Oyaro Jackson Ong’eta
Department of Management, School of Business, University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, P.O. Box 2500 – 30100 Eldoret, Kenya

 Biru Sara
Department of Management, School of Business, University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, P.O. Box 2500 – 30100 Eldoret, Kenya

 Omondi Richard Mc’Otieno
Department of Management, School of Business, University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, P.O. Box 2500 – 30100 Eldoret, Kenya

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Nomelif Kemei, Oyaro Jackson Ong’eta, Biru Sara and Omondi Richard Mc’Otieno “Performance of Procurement Methods and Practices in Faith – Based Organizations in Kenya” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.116-128 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/116-128.pdf

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Impact of Socio-Cultural Factors on Senior Secondary School Students’ Academic Achievement in Physics
Hakeem Akintoye, Jimoh Saliu – August 2020 – Page No.: 129-134

This study examined the impact of socio-cultural factors on the achievement in physics. Descriptive survey research designs were adopted. The sample for the study consisted of one hundred and seventy-one students who were selected from three intact co-educational senior secondary school physics classes. Two research questions raised for investigation alongside one corresponding null hypothesis were answered and tested respectively. Two Instruments: Physics Achievement Test (PAT) and Student Socio-cultural factors on Achievement Questionnaire (SSAQ) were used to collect data for the study. The Physics Achievement Test had a reliability coefficient of the achievement test was 0.87 using spilt-half method while that of the questionnaire was 0.91 using the Cronbach alpha method. using the Mean, Standard deviation, bar graph and Analysis of variance (ANOVA) statistical tools. The data collected were analysed using the Mean, Standard deviation, bar graph and Analysis of variance (ANOVA) statistical tools. Findings in this study revealed that of all the socio-cultural factors considered in this study which include sex, student attitude, parental educational background and peer group, parental educational background had the highest impact on students achievement. Also, the study revealed that there was significant impact between socio-cultural factors and students’ achievement in physics; F (5,123) = 2.676, p < 0.05. The study concluded that socio-cultural factors such as sex, student attitude, parental educational background and peer group impact on student achievement in physics. should be considered by physics teachers when teaching the subject. It was recommended that physics teachers endeavour to address students socio-cultural challenges in order to enhance students achievement and interest in physics.

Page(s): 129-134                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 01 September 2020

 Hakeem Akintoye
Department of Science and Technology Education, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos State, Nigeria

 Jimoh Saliu
Department of Language, Art and Social Science Department, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos State, Nigeria

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Hakeem Akintoye, Jimoh Saliu “Impact of Socio-Cultural Factors on Senior Secondary School Students’ Academic Achievement in Physics” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.129-134 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/129-134.pdf

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Evaluation of the Perceptions of Employees on the Effectiveness of Performance Improvement Plans by Commercial Banks in Busia, Kenya
Munyekenye Deborah, Ondari William, Sang Monica and Omondi Richard – August 2020 – Page No.: 135-144

This study intended to evaluate the perception of employees on the administration of the PIP in commercial banks located in Busia Town in Busia County. The following set of research questions guided the study: What is the employees’ perception on the effectiveness of the implementation of the PIP; What are the employees’ perceptions of the various aspects of the Performance improvement plans; To what extent do selected factors affect the employees’ performance that can lead to PIP administration; To what extent has the implementation of PIP helped employees in improving selected performance indicators; To what extent has the PIP addressed selected performance indicators; What are the alternative methods or measures to Performance improvement plans that can be adopted by the commercial banks and What are the differences in the perceptions of the employees on the effectiveness of the PIP when compared by Gender, Levels of education, type of training and prior knowledge of Performance improvement plans in Commercial banks in Busia County? This study adopted the evaluation research design and targeted all the permanent employees deployed to the various bank branches within Busia Town. The study adopted the use of questionnaires in gathering the required data and used both the descriptive and inferential research methods in analyzing the data. The study has established that the respondents are positive about various elements of the PIP, the PIP have managed to help the employees improve in their areas of operations and the organizations should consider alternative performance management methods.

Page(s): 135-144                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 September 2020

 Munyekenye Deborah
Department of Management, University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, P.O. Box 2500-3-100 Eldoret, Kenya

 Ondari William
Department of Management, University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, P.O. Box 2500-3-100 Eldoret, Kenya

 Sang Monica
Department of Management, University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, P.O. Box 2500-3-100 Eldoret, Kenya

 Omondi Richard
Department of Management, University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, P.O. Box 2500-3-100 Eldoret, Kenya

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Munyekenye Deborah, Ondari William, Sang Monica and Omondi Richard “Evaluation of the Perceptions of Employees on the Effectiveness of Performance Improvement Plans by Commercial Banks in Busia, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.135-144 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/135-144.pdf

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Forms of Charity in Islamic Economics: An Analysis in the Quran and Sunna (As Reported in Bukhari and Muslim)
Rabiu Abubakar Abba, Besar Bin Ngah – August 2020 – Page No.: 145-166

Charity is a way of bringing justice to every society, while justice is the essence of all religions in the World. It is in this respect that Islam made charity particularly Zakat, obligatory and binding upon all those who embrace the religion. Poverty had existed right from time immemorial, with around 3 billion people in the World living in abject poverty, out of which 35% are from Muslim World (World Bank 2010).This concern calls for urgent, collective and concrete efforts among the Muslim World to improve the conditions of poor Muslims, regardless of their color, gender, nationality and sect, since Islam amplifies unity and brotherliness. The objective of this research is therefore, to explore the forms of charity in Islam based on the two important sources which are the Quran and Sunna of the Prophet (PBUH) as reported in Bukhari and Muslims. Qualitative approach is employed in conducting the research and the data is collected through relevant literature survey, while descriptive technique is based on document analysis on literatures in the Qur’an and Hadith of the Prophet as reported in both Bukhari and Muslim as well as some views of few experts in Hadith literatures, such as Al Nisai, Ibn Majah and Tirmidhi which are used in analyzing the data. The general findings of the paper indicates that man is merely an agent carrying out God’s will and pleasure on earth, and is therefore expected to expend the entrusted wealth on the various forms of charity in both the Qur’an and Sunna of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), these are: Zakat, which is an obligation, Charity as a social responsibility, which comprises, Sadaqat, Voluntary alms (Khairat) and Baitul Mal Funds. The research further identified eight categories classified in the Holy Qur’an and expatiated in Hadith, as the beneficiaries of Zakat and other forms of charity. While the method of payment of Zakat and other forms of charity should be in such a way that beneficiaries are not molested and only that which is good and honorable is given in charity. Finally, the paper found that rewards will be met by those who comply and render Zakat and other forms of charity, while terrible punishment await those who fails to comply with the various injunctions of the Qur’an as well as traditions of the Holy Prophet in disbursing Zakat and other forms of charity. It is suggested from this study that various governments could support charitable institutions to effectively collect and disburse Zakat and other forms of charity towards the alleviation of the sufferings of the general public.

Page(s): 145-166                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 September 2020

 Rabiu Abubakar Abba
Department of Economics, Al-Madina International University, Kualalumpur-Malaysia

 Besar Bin Ngah
Department of Economics, Al-Madina International University, Kualalumpur-Malaysia

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Rabiu Abubakar Abba, Besar Bin Ngah “Forms of Charity in Islamic Economics: An Analysis in the Quran and Sunna (As Reported in Bukhari and Muslim)” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.145-166 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/145-166.pdf

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Effect of Fertilizer use to the Environment and the Determinant to Choice of the Nutrient Management Planning Techniques by Farmers in South East, Nigeria
Ume, S I, Uloh, E V, Nnadozie, AKO and Nnaji, J O – August 2020 – Page No.: 167-175

Effect of fertilizer use to the environment by smallholder arable crop farmers in Southeast, Nigeria was studied. One hundred and twenty farmers were purposively selected from three out of five states in Southeast. A well structured questionnaire and oral interview were used to collect information needed for the study. The objectives of the study were addressed using percentages, multinomial Logit regression and factor analysis. The results show that most of the sampled farmers were aged, fairly educated, well experienced, large number of household size and membership of organization. The fertilizer types used by the farmers were compound fertilizer, muriate of potash, single super phosphate, urea and commercial fertilizer. The sources of fertilizer to the farmer were open market, cooperative, town union, Agricultural. Development. Program (ADP), Ministry of Agriculture and Local Government Area. Also, the effect of fertilizer application to the environment were affect water supply, kidney problem, methemoglobinemia, blister in the body, carcinogenic effect, eutrophication and global warming. The fertilizer nutrient management planning adopted to reduce the potentials of environmental risk were soil testing, fertilizer application method, proper storage and handling of fertilizer, The result of the multinomial logistic regression estimates showed that farming experience, age of the farmers, educational level, extension services and membership of organization affected the choice of adaptation practices of. fertilizer nutrient management planning in order to reduce the effects of fertilizer application to the environmental. The limiting factors to fertilizer availability in the study area were diversion of fertilizer, transportation problem, political interference, delay in procurement. There is need to enhance farmers’ access to extension services, cooperative membership and credit.

Page(s): 167-175                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 September 2020

 Ume, S I
Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu, Ivo Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria

 Uloh, E V
Federal College of Education, Ehamfu, Enugu State, Nigeria

 Nnadozie, AKO
Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu, Ivo Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria

 Nnaji, J O
National Agricultural Extension and Research Liasion Services NAERLS)Ahmadu Bello University , Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

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Ume, S I, Uloh, E V, Nnadozie, AKO and Nnaji, J O “Effect of Fertilizer use to the Environment and the Determinant to Choice of the Nutrient Management Planning Techniques by Farmers in South East, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.167-175 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/167-175.pdf

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Evaluation of Vegetative Estalishment of African Egg Plant (Solanum Macrocarpon. Linn) Enhanced With Fertilizer Application
Aderemi, F. T., Aderemi A. M., Shaib-Rahim, H. O., Adewoye, A. A., Roberts, A. E. – August 2020 – Page No.: 176-180

This study is based on the use of organic and inorganic fertilizer application in raising Solanum macrocapon stem cuttings. The study was conducted in the Green House of the Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan. The experiment considered the use of poultry manure and NPK 15:15:15 as treatments in growing Solanum macrocapon stem cuttings. There were nine (9) treatment which consisted of 7.5g, l0g, 12.5g, 15g of poultry manure and 0.75g. l.0g, l.25g and l.5g of NPK (15:15:15), each were added to 2kg of top soil while 2kg topsoil only served as control. The treatments were assigned in completely Randomized Design (CRD) with five (5) replicates. The parameters assessed includes the emergence of leaf, leaf production, leaf area, harvest yield and dry matter content, all which were subjected to Analysis of Variance and the means were separated using the Duncan Multiple Range Test. The results showed that treatment application of l.25g of NPK 15:15:15 had the highest mean value for leaf production, leaf area, and dry weight of first and second harvest, fresh weight of first and second harvest, while control has the least mean value for all the test carried out. 7.5g of poultry manure and control have the least mean value in leaf area. The results showed that treatment application of 15g of poultry manure had the highest mean value for days to first flower. There is no significant differences in the emergence of leaf. Based on the results of this study, application of NPK 15:15:15 at l2.5g per 2kg of soil is recommended for yield production of Solanum macrocarpon stem cuttings.

Page(s): 176-180                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 September 2020

 Aderemi, F. T.
Horticulture and Landscape Technology Department, Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria

 Aderemi A. M.
Agricultural Technology Department, Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria

 Shaib-Rahim, H. O.
Agricultural Technology Department, Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria

 Adewoye, A. A.
Horticulture and Landscape Technology Department, Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria

 Roberts, A. E.
Agricultural Technology Department, Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria

[1] Adeyeye, E.I. and Adanlawo, I.G. (2011). Amino acid composition of the ripe fruits of Solanum aethiopicum and Solanum macrocarpon. International Journal of pharma and Bio Sciences 2 (2): 40-51.
[2] Akanbi, WB, Adeboye, OC, Togun, AO, Ogunrinde, JO, Adeyeye, AS (2007). Growth, herbage and seed yield and quality of terfairian occidentalis as influenced by cassava peel compost and Mineral fertilizer. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3(4):508-516.
[3] Bello S.O, Muhammed B.Y, Gammaniel K.S, Abdu-Aguye. I, Ahmed. H, Njoku C.H, Pindiga, U. H, Salka, A.M. Preliminary Evaluation of the Toxicity and some Pharmacological Properties of the Aqueous Crude Extract of Solanum macrocarpon. Research Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, (2005); 1 (1):1-9.
[4] Fasuyi AO. Nutritional potentials of some tropical vegetable leaf meals: Chemical characterization and functional properties. African Journal of Biotechnology, (2006); 5:49-53.
[5] FRIN (2014): Agro meteorological station. Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan. Page 69-126.
[6] Mepha H.D., Eboh L. and Banigbo D. (2007). Effects of processing treatments on the nutritive composition and consumer acceptance of some Nigerian edible leafy vegetables. African Journal of Food Agricultural Nutrition Development. 7 (1): 1-18.
[7] Mosha TC, Gaga HE. Nutritive value and effect of blanching on trypsin and chymotrypsin inhibitor activities of selected leafy vegetables. Journal of Plant Foods and Human Nutrition, (2000); 54- 271-283.
[8] Nwodo, S.C, Abayomi, C.O, Eboji, O.K., Opeyemi, C.E., Olajumoke, A.K. and Damilola, I.D. (2011). Proximate and Phytochemical Analysis of Solanum aethiopicum L. and Solanum macrocarpon L. fruits. Research Journal of Chemical Sciences 1(3): 436-439.
[9] Ojo, D.O. & Olufolaji, A.O., (2000). Optimum NPK fertilizer rates for growth and yield of Solanum macrocarpon (cv. ‘Igdagba’). Journal of vegetable Environment and Ecology 14 (4): 834-836.
[10] Ojo, O.D (2001). Density and cutting height affect the production of Solanum macrocarpon. Journal of vegetable crop production, 7 (2), 45-55.
[11] Olaniyi, J.O and Ojetayo, A.E. (2010). The effect of organomineral and inorganic fertilizers on the growth, fruit yield and quality of pepper (Capsicum frutescence).J. Animal & Plant Sciences, 8 (3): 1070-1076.
[12] Olatunji, O. and Ayuba, S.A (2011) Effects of combined application of poultry manure and NPK 20-10- 10 fertilizers on soil chemical properties and yield of maize (Zea may L.). Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Soil Science Society of Nigeria. 7th-11th March, 2011, Minna, Nigeria.
[13] Yamaguchi M. World Vegetable Principle, Production and Nutritive Values. (2005).

Aderemi, F. T., Aderemi A. M., Shaib-Rahim, H. O., Adewoye, A. A., Roberts, A. E. “Evaluation of Vegetative Estalishment of African Egg Plant (Solanum Macrocarpon. Linn) Enhanced With Fertilizer Application” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.176-180 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/176-180.pdf

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Comparative Effects of Different Manure on Growth and Yield of Okra (Abelmuscus esculentus  L. Moench)
Aderemi, F.T., Aderemi, A.M., Elesho, R.O., Aluko, A.K., Oyeleke O.S- August 2020 – Page No.: 181-183

This study evaluated the comparative effects of the organic fertilizer (poultry manure, cow dung and composted manure) on okra (Abeloamoschus exclulentus) at Research Farm of Federal College of Forestry, Jericho, Ibadan, Nigeria, latitude 7°26N and longitude 3°36E. Three manures were used for this work (composted, cow dung and poultry manure), the manures were dried under intense sunlight and ground into powdery form and incorporated into topsoil in a polythene bag and watered to allow commencement of mineralization and germination fourteen (14) before planting. The experimental design was completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 4 replicates. Composted manure gave the highest mean value of 35.6, 6.16, 0.67 and 15.713 for plant height, number of leaves, stem girth and fruit weight respectively. The control has the lowest mean value for all the experimental test carried out. The study revealed that okra responded well to the application of composted manure, cow dung and poultry manure and recommended to farmers in their cropping system for improved yields.

Page(s): 181-183                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 September 2020

 Aderemi, F.T.
Horticulture and Landscape Technology Department, Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria

 Aderemi, A.M.
Agricultural Technology Department, Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria

 Elesho, R.O.
Agricultural Technology Department, Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria

 Aluko, A.K.
Horticulture and Landscape Technology Department, Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria

 Oyeleke O.S
Agricultural Technology Department, Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria

[1] Ayoola, O. T. and Adeniran, O. N. (2006). Influence of poultry manure and NPK fertilizer on yield and yield components of crops under different cropping systems in South West Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology 5 1336-1392.
[2] Makinde, E. A.; Ayoola, O. T. and Akande, M. O. (2007). Effects of organo-mineral fertilizer application on the growth and yield of egusi melon. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 1 :15-19.
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[4] Ojeniyi, S.O. (2000). Effect of goat manure on soil nutrients and okra yield in a rain forest area of Nigeria. Applied Tropical Agric. 5:20-23.
[5] Belay, A.; Classens, A. S.; Wehner, F. C. and De Beer, J. M. (2001). Influence of residual manure on selected nutrient elements and microbial composition of soil under long term crop rotation. South African Journal of Plant and Soil 18:1-6.
[6] Chude, V.O. (1999): Perspectives on fertilizer use in the 21st century, Book of abstracts, Soil Science Society of Nigeria Benin, 1999 25th Annual Conf. Held at Precious V Palm Royal Hotel from 21st-25th Nov. 1999.
[7] Eifediyi, E.K and Remison, S.U (2010): Growth and yield of cucumber (CucumissativumL.) as influenced by farm yard manure and inorganic fertilizer. Journal of Plant Breed Crop Science, 2:216-220.
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[10] Abou, El-Magd, M.A., El-Bassiony, M. and Fawzy, Z.F. (2006): Effect of organic manure with or without chemical fertilizer on growth, yield and quality of some varieties of Broccoli plants. Journal of April science Res, 2:791-798
[11] Seran, T.H., Srikrishmah S. and Ahamed, M.M.Z (2010); Effect of different levels of inorganic fertilizers and compost as lasal application on the growth and yield of some food crops. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 5:64-70.

Aderemi, F.T., Aderemi, A.M., Elesho, R.O., Aluko, A.K., Oyeleke O.S “Comparative Effects of Different Manure on Growth and Yield of Okra (Abelmuscus esculentus  L. Moench)” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.181-183 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/181-183.pdf

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Socio-Economic Determinants of Quality Services in the Nigerian Banking Industry
Obisesan, Francis Oludare, PhD; FCIB, Prof. A. S. Ogunsiji – August 2020 – Page No.: 184-191

This study investigated socio-economic determinants of quality services in the Nigerian banking industry. The service sector plays a dominant role in creating value in such economies and by extension, the purchasing patterns of consumers and managerial decisions of the providers of these services are influenced by activities of stakeholders in this sector in a complex way.
A cross-sectional survey design was applied using quantitative methods of data collection. A self-reported structured questionnaire was designed for data collection. A randomized sample size of 1505 banks’ customers participated in the study while two hypotheses were tested statistically at 95% confidence interval.
Results showed that adequacy of facilities (Tangibility), reliability, prompt service, network availability, billing cost (ATM, Cheque books, SMS), customer care services and Value Added Services (e.g.E-Bank statements) jointly predicted quality services in the Nigerian banking industry (R2=.090, F=21.103, p<.01); age, educational qualifications, customer experience with other banks in Nigeria, duration of banking patronage, method of information dissemination in the banks and gender jointly predicted quality services {F=43.744, R=.386, R2=.149, AdJR2=.146;p<.001}
Conclusions revealed that the determinants of quality services in the Nigerian banking industry. This objective was achieved using multiple regression analysis to determine variables include Tangibility, reliability, prompt service, network availability, billing cost (ATM, Cheque books, SMS), customer care services and Value Added Services (e.g.E-Bank statements) and also concluded that age, educational qualifications, customer experience with other banks in Nigeria, duration of banking patronage, method of information dissemination in the banks and gender jointly predicted quality services. Therefore, socio-demographic variables are determinants of customers’ perceived quality of service in the banking sector. Therefore, it is recommended that banks intensify more effort towards enhancing customer satisfaction through courtesy platform, staff attitude to customers, training of staff on customer relation, respect customers and adjust welfare unit and let the customer feel emotionally attached to the banks.

Page(s): 184-191                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 08 September 2020

 Obisesan, Francis Oludare, PhD, FCIB
Department of Accounting and Finance, Bowen University, Iwo, Osun State, Nigeria

 Prof. A. S. Ogunsiji
Department of Marketing, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria

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Obisesan, Francis Oludare, PhD; FCIB, Prof. A. S. Ogunsiji “Socio-Economic Determinants of Quality Services in the Nigerian Banking Industry ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.184-191 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/184-191.pdf

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Development of Hospital Formulary for Geriatric Patients: A Review
Nima Krishnan, Danisha P, Suhaila P K- August 2020 – Page No.: 192-194

Providing the maximum safe and effective medication at the right time to the patient is the prime aphorism of all the health care setting. It can be done by the continuous updation and reviewing the informations about a medication. For hospital settings these informations can be authenticated and encompassed and it is known as hospital formulary. According to WHO hospital formulary is “a manual containing clinically oriented summaries of pharmacological information about selected drugs” [2].Formulary enumerating is an evidence based system which helps the physician to find out the correct medication with accurate dose determination. Such type of prescribing is known as rational prescribing. Geriatric patients are the patients who are in the age group of sixty five and above. So they have to experience a number of medical conditions together it is known as multiple co morbidities. As a result they have to administer so several medications together it is known as polypharmacy. It leads to increased burden of pills. The polypharmacy and inappropriate medications are the major route of medication errors in geriatric patients. The precise and up to date informations about the drugs used in such patients are necessary for achieving the therapeutic goal of improved patient safety and medication adherences.

Page(s): 192-194                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 September 2020

 Nima Krishnan
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Al Shifa College of Pharmacy, Kizhattur, Malappuram, Kerala, India

 Danisha P
Assistant Professor, department of Pharmacy Practice, Al Shifa College of Pharmacy Kizhattur, Malappuram, Kerala, India

 Suhaila P K
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Al Shifa College of Pharmacy, Kizhattur, Malappuram, Kerala, India

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[10] R J Dalmelia et al: Development of hospital formulary for a teritiary care teaching hospital in south: IJOPS: Nov-December 2007:773-79.

Nima Krishnan, Danisha P, Suhaila P K “Development of Hospital Formulary for Geriatric Patients: A Review” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.192-194 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/192-194.pdf

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The Effect of Financial Architecture, Cash Holding, and Goodwill on Stock Return with the Approach Five-Factor Models
Catur Wahyu Irjayanto, Zaenal Arifin – August 2020 – Page No.: 195-203

This study examines the effect of financial architecture, cash holding and goodwill on stock returns using a 5-factor model approach. The financial architecture variables consist of corporate governance (Board of Commissioners, Board of Directors, and board process), capital structure, and ownership structures (managerial and institutional holdings). Testing was conducted using Weighted Least Square Method (WLS) in 25 companies from 2015-2018 selected in purposive sampling at the group of Compass 100 Index in Indonesia Stock Exchange. The calculation of the stock return in this study uses an abnormal return and as a comparison is also a test using models with expected return and actual return. The results of this study show the Board Process and the capital structure have a significant effect on stock return in the regression model with abnormal return. The results on the model with expected return show that managerial ownership has a significant effect and the model with actual return shows that only cash holding has a significant effect. In addition, the variables of the Board of Commissioners, the Board of Directors and institutional ownership in the comparison model show results that consistently do not have a significant effect on stock returns.

Page(s): 195-203                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 September 2020

 Catur Wahyu Irjayanto
Department of Business and Economics, Universitas Islam Indonesia

 Zaenal Arifin
Department of Business and Economics, Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Catur Wahyu Irjayanto, Zaenal Arifin “The Effect of Financial Architecture, Cash Holding, and Goodwill on Stock Return with the Approach Five-Factor Models” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.195-203 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/195-203.pdf

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Review: Therapeutic Use of Withania somnifera (L). Dunal for Human Felicity
Dr. Priyanka Gupta – August 2020 – Page No.: 204-206

Withania somnifera L. (Ashwagandha) pertain to the Solanaceae family. Withania somnifera is generally used in Unani and Ayurvedic system. It is also called winter cherry, Ajagandha, Kanaje, Amukkara and Indian Ginseng. This type of medicinal plant is used in many purposes of diseases in human being. This type of medicinal plant is generally used in anxiety, chronic disease such as stress, Intergrative oncology, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson disease. It is also used in many purposes such as antibacterial purposes, aphrodisiac, hepatoprotective, immune modulator, anticonvulsant, antistress, antioxidant and anticancer purposes and has adaptogenic activity. In this review, we study about the phytochemical and pharmacological studies these bioactive phytochemicals used in therapeutic use in Human health.

Page(s): 204-206                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 11 September 2020

 Dr. Priyanka Gupta
Department of Agriculture, Akal Degree College, Mastuana Sahib, Sangrur-148001, India
Affiliated to Punjabi University

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Dr. Priyanka Gupta “Review: Therapeutic Use of Withania somnifera (L). Dunal for Human Felicity” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.204-206 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/204-206.pdf

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Validation of Mobile Health Conceptual Model for Health Organisation in Nigeria
Nathan Nachandiya, Ferdinand Che, O.B Longe – August 2020 – Page No.: 207-220

This paper developed and validated a conceptual model for Mobile Health (M-health) adoption in health organizations in Nigeria. The sound knowledge of Readiness and M-health Acceptance among health staff has made developing the M-health conceptual model easy and simple. M-Health implementation is facing a lot of challenges working against its deployment and continuous use. Amongst the factors are: resistance to change by stallholders, lackadaisical attitudes of users of such technology, poor technical support, poor funding by government, epileptic quality of services and lots more. Therefore, there is a need for more effort from the government, stallholders and the entire Caregivers to overcome all the challenges militating against the successful implementation and continuous use of M-health system in Nigeria. The paper proposed, develops and evaluates a sustainable M-health deployment model for health organizations with pre and post-deployment stages. The study also encapsulates all the critical success factors that are essential for a successful deployment of this technology in health organizations in Nigeria.

Page(s): 207-220                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 September 2020

 Nathan Nachandiya
Adamawa State University, Mubi, Nigeria

 Ferdinand Che
Adamawa State University, Mubi, Nigeria

 O.B Longe
Adamawa State University, Mubi, Nigeria

Alalwan, A., Baabdullah, A. M., Rana, N. P., Dwivedi, Y. K., Hudaib, F., & Shammout, A. (2018). Examining the Factors Affecting Behavioural Intention to Adopt Mobile Health in Jordan. Paper presented at the International Federation for Information Processing 2018 Conference on e-Business, e-Services and e-Society.
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[6] Dolničar, V. Petrovčič, A. Šetinc, M. & Košir, I. Kavčič, M. (2017). Understanding Acceptance Factors for Using e-care Systems and Devices: Insights from a Mixed-Method Intervention Study in Slovenia. 362-377. 10.1007/978-3-319-58536-9_29.
[7] Estuar, M. R., Batangan, D., Coronel, A., Castro, F. E. V., Amarra, A. C., Caliso, R. A. C., & Vergara, J. P. (2014). eHealth tablet: a developing country perspective in managing the development and deployment of a mobile-cloud electronic medical record for local government units. Paper presented at the Mobile Data Management (MDM), 2014 IEEE 15th International Conference on.
[8] Forchuk, C. Rudnick, A., MacIntosh, J., Bukair, F., Hoch, J. (2016). Evaluation Framework for Smart Technology Mental Health Interventions. 203-210. 10.1007/978-3-319-39601-9_18.
[9] Foster, J., Alkire, S. (2011). Counting and multidimensional poverty measurement. Journal of Public Economics,95(7–8), 476–487.
[10] Gagnon, M., Ngangue, P., Payne-Gagnon, J., Desmartis, M. (2016). m-Health Adoption by Healthcare Professionals: A Systematic Review. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA. 23. 10.1093/jamia/ocv052.
[11] Gücin, N. Ö., & Berk, Ö. S. (2015). Technology acceptance in health care: An integrative review of predictive factors and intervention programs. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 195, 1698-1704.
[12] Haenssgen, M. J. (2015). Exploring the mismatch between mobile phone adoption and use through survey data from rural India and China. Paper presented at the Technology and Society (ISTAS), 2015 IEEE International Symposium on.
[13] Helphetz A. (2011), How Mobile Technology can Enhence Learning and Workforce Training. McGraw-Hill Research Foundation. Available at http://megraw-hillresearchfoundation.org/wp-content/upload/2012/05/mobile_technologywp.pdf
[14] Hameed, M. A., & Arachchilage, N. A. G. (2017). A Conceptual Model for the Organisational Adoption of Information System Security Innovations. arXiv preprint arXiv:1704.03867.
[15] Howarth J., Smith-Jackson, T., and Hartson R.( 2009) Supporting Novice Usability Practitioners with Usability Enginnering Tools. International Journal of Human Computer Studies. 67(6), 533-549
[16] Hoque, M. R. (2016). An empirical study of mHealth adoption in a developing country: the moderating effect of gender concern. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak, 16, 51. doi:10.1186/s12911-016-0289-0
[17] Hung, S. Y. and Chang C. M. (2005) User Acceptance of WAP services. Test of Competing Theories, Computer Standards and Interface, 28, 359-370
[18] Hsieh, W.-T. K. a. P.-J. (2016). Acceptance of Cloud-Based Healthcare Services by Elderly Taiwanese People. Springer, 186–195. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-39943-0_18
[19] Khan, S. F. (2017). Health care monitoring system in Internet of Things (IoT) by using RFID. Paper presented at the Industrial Technology and Management (ICITM), International Conference on.
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[22] Marufu, C. Maboe, K.. (2017). Utilisation of mobile health by medical doctors in a Zimbabwean health care facility. Health SA Gesondheid. 22. 10.4102/hsag.v22i0.1005.
[23] Mburu, S., & Oboko, R. (2018). A model for predicting utilization of mHealth interventions in low-resource settings: case of maternal and newborn care in Kenya. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak, 18(1), 67. doi:10.1186/s12911-018-0649-z.
[24] Nathan Nachandiya, Ferdinand Che and Olumide Longe (2020) A Conceptual Framework for
[25] Organizational Adoption of M-Health in Nigeria. 25th iSTEAMS Conference Trans-Atlantic Multidisciplinary Conference. In Collaboration with The Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann, Universite Grenoble, Grenoble, France Society for Multidisciplinary & Advanced Research Techniques (SMART).
[26] Nathan Nachandiya, Ferdinand Che and Olumide Longe (2020) Application of Grounded –
[27] Theory Concepts in Analyzing Organizational Readiness and Barriers for Mobile Health (M- Health) Adoption in Nigeria. Proceedings of the 23rd SMART-iSTEAMS Conference in Collaboration with The American University of Nigeria, Yola & The IEEE ICN/IEEE Computer Society Nigeria Section www.isteams.net/yola2020
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[43] Zhao, Y., Ni, Q., & Zhou, R. (2018). What factors influence the mobile health service adoption? A meta-analysis and the moderating role of age. International Journal of Information Management, 43, 342-350.

Nathan Nachandiya, Ferdinand Che, O.B Longe “Validation of Mobile Health Conceptual Model for Health Organisation in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.207-220 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/207-220.pdf

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Socio-Sexual Behavior and Workers Productivity in Nigeria
Goodfaith Nnenna Okeke, John Chidume Anetoh, Chukwujekwu Jeffery Obiezekwem, Vivian Chioma Anetoh, Chizoba Adaeze Okafor, Ernest Monday Ebomah, Kobimdi Pamela Ikpo – August 2020 – Page No.: 221-228

This study centered on effect of social-sexual behavior on workers’ productivity in banking sub-sector in Nigeria. The study sought to ascertain the extent sexual harassment affects the productivity of the employees. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey research design. The target population was the bank workers. The principal instrument for collection of primary data was the questionnaire which was structured in five point Likert scale. The test retest method was used to check the reliability of the measuring instrument. The result gave a reliability coefficient value of 0.771 which indicated an acceptable internal consistency. Multiple regression analysis statistical technique was used to test the hypotheses formulated to guide the study. The findings showed that sexual harassment increases turnover and absenteeism rate, lowers individual and group productivity and reduces manager’s time to investigate complaints. The study recommended that the management should strictly adhere to rules regarding recruitment, promotion, discipline, reward and training so that merit prevails against nepotism because this will ensure that sexual harassment or sexual demands as a measure for bathe in these processes are avoided. It was concluded that sexual harassment and negative workplace romance in organizations can cause significant stress and anxiety that leads to mental and emotional problems.

Page(s): 221-228                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 September 2020

  Goodfaith Nnenna Okeke
Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Management Sciences, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Igbariam Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria

  John Chidume Anetoh
Department of Marketing, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Igbariam Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria

 Chukwujekwu Jeffery Obiezekwem
Department of Entrepreneurship Studies, Faculty of Management Sciences, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Igbariam Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria

  Vivian Chioma Anetoh
Department of Accountancy, Anambra State Polytechnic Mgbakwu, Anambra State, Nigeria

  Chizoba Adaeze Okafor
Department of Entrepreneurship Studies, Faculty of Management Sciences, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Igbariam Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria

  Ernest Monday Ebomah
Research Scholar, Recbot Research Centre, Nigeria

  Kobimdi Pamela Ikpo
Department of Marketing, Faculty of Business Administration, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Enugu Campus, Enugu State, Nigeria

[1] Biggs, D.M., Matthewman, L. & Fultz, C. (2012). Romantic relationships in organizational settings: gender in management. An International Journal. Http://www.emeraldinsight.com/toc/gm/27/4.
[2] Cherry, K. (2018). How social exchange theory influences relationships. Dotash publishing family.
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Goodfaith Nnenna Okeke, John Chidume Anetoh, Chukwujekwu Jeffery Obiezekwem, Vivian Chioma Anetoh, Chizoba Adaeze Okafor, Ernest Monday Ebomah, Kobimdi Pamela Ikpo “Socio-Sexual Behavior and Workers Productivity in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.221-228 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/221-228.pdf

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Causes of Divorce in Gaya District of Hong Local Government Area Adamawa State
Valada Alex, Tabitha M. Vandima – August 2020 – Page No.: 229-232

This study find out the causes of divorce in Gaya District of Hong Local Government Area Adamawa State.simple random sampling and purposive sampling was used to sample divorce, divorcee, married men and women 25 each as respondents in the entire area where mean, standard deviation and t-test was used to analysed the result obtained. Based on the findings of the study, the results shows that numerous factors account as a cause of divorce in the area and no significant differences was found among the opinion of divorced, divorcee, married men and women in the district. It is further recommendated among others that; Couples should go for long courtship for them to understand each other, religion bodies should endevour to provide marriage counseling to all intended couples and establish a bench mark for bride price, married couples should avoid all unnecessary advices from third parties that at times may lead to divorce and Government should organise seminar programmes on marriage that will boaster strong understanding on marriage among youth.

Page(s): 229-232                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 September 2020

 Valada Alex
Department of Science Education Faculty of Education Adamawa State University Mubi, Adamawa State Nigeria

  Tabitha M. Vandima
Department of Science Education Faculty of Education Adamawa State University Mubi, Adamawa State Nigeria

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[10] Divorced Individuals in Mekelle City. A Thesis Research Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in Development Studies
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[15] Yusof, R., & Mashi, A. L. (2015). An Assessment of “Zawarawa” Mass Marriage Programme, in Kano State, Nigeria. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, (5)10

Valada Alex, Tabitha M. Vandima “Causes of Divorce in Gaya District of Hong Local Government Area Adamawa State” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.229-232 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/229-232.pdf

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Improvement of E-Learning on Students Learning Motivation during Covid-19 Pandemic
Anisah, Syahid Suhandi Aziz, Ferdian Ari Bowo – August 2020 – Page No.: 233-235

The purpose of this research is to see pandemic policies and phenomena whose impact forces the world of higher education to change service work patterns from conventional to online-based services, one of which is to use e-learning which has an impact on student learning motivation. The research used a correlational descriptive method. The research was done in the semester of January-May of 2020 at the Faculty of Engineering Jayabaya University. Using the Slovin technique for 30 respondents, the primary data was closed-ended questionnaires. The research found that e-learning can affect the learning motivation of students. Based on the test, e-learning positively affects and improves the learning motivation of students. Learning motivation of students to use e-learning is a critical factor in the learning process. This is because the use of interactive features in the e-learning can boost motivation and thus providing a better learning result.

Page(s): 233-235                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 September 2020

Universitas Jayabaya, Jakarta-Indonesia

 Syahid Suhandi Aziz
Universitas Jayabaya, Jakarta-Indonesia

 Ferdian Ari Bowo
Universitas Jayabaya, Jakarta-Indonesia

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Anisah, Syahid Suhandi Aziz, Ferdian Ari Bowo “Improvement of E-Learning on Students Learning Motivation during Covid-19 Pandemic” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.233-235 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/233-235.pdf

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Effect of Okra Spacing on the Growth and Yield of Okra (Abelmoschus Esculentus L. Moench) In a Jatropha – Okra Intercrop
Makinde, A.I, Okunade R.F, Oluwafemi, M.O, Alabi, B.A, Akinboye, O, Adedeji, J.A And Ayodele, S.Y – August 2020 – Page No.: 236-239

Intercropping is usually employed to meet the demand for nutritionally balanced food for the world’s increasing population and release intense pressure on land use. The study was conducted to evaluate the compatibility of Jatropha-okra intercrop and also to identify the appropriate okra spacing when inter-planted with Jatropha-okra at the experimental site of the Federal College of Agriculture, Moor plantation, Ibadan on latitude 7º22N and Longitude 3º50E. The experimental design used was Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) comprising of five treatments in three replicates. It includes sole okra, sole Jatropha and three cropping system with varied okra spacing of 30cm x 40cm, 30cm x 50cm, 30cm x 60cm.. Parameters assessed were plant height (cm), number of leaves and fruit yield. The result obtained revealed that Okra yield as a sole crop was similar to its yield under Jatropha intercrop which indicated that intercropping okra with Jatropha at its early stage will not affect the yield of okra plant. Even though growth of Jatropha and okra were better enhanced when okra was interplanted at 30x40cm, the impact on okra yield could not be established at the early stage of Jatropha plant growth.

Page(s): 236-239                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 17 September 2020

 Makinde, A.I
Department of Agriculture, Federal College of Agriculture, P.M.B 5029, IAR&T, Ibadan, Nigeria

  Okunade R.F
Department of Agriculture, Federal College of Agriculture, P.M.B 5029, IAR&T, Ibadan, Nigeria

  Oluwafemi, M.O
Department of Horticulture and Landscape Design, Federal College of Agriculture, Akure, Nigeria

  Alabi, B.A
Department of Agriculture, Federal College of Agriculture, P.M.B 5029, IAR&T, Ibadan, Nigeria

  Akinboye, O
Department of Agriculture and Industrial Technology, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Nigeria

  Adedeji, J.A
Department of Agriculture, Federal College of Agriculture, P.M.B 5029, IAR&T, Ibadan, Nigeria

  Ayodele, S.Y
Department of Agriculture and Industrial Technology, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Nigeria

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Makinde, A.I, Okunade R.F, Oluwafemi, M.O, Alabi, B.A, Akinboye, O, Adedeji, J.A And Ayodele, S.Y “Effect of Okra Spacing on the Growth and Yield of Okra (Abelmoschus Esculentus L. Moench) In a Jatropha – Okra Intercrop” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.236-239 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/236-239.pdf

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Urban Household Water Insecurity in Ibadan, Nigeria
Samson A. Adejumo (Ph.D) – August 2020 – Page No.: 240-247

Urban water insecurity is a growing manifestation in Nigeria and some other parts of the world. This paper considered water availability, safety of the major source, accessibility (distance) and water per capita as water security indicators. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to sample 1,069 (5.0%) household heads from 21,391 residential buildings across all residential density areas in six selected Local Government Areas (LGAs) (Ibadan North, Ibadan North-West, Ibadan South-East, Ido, Egbeda and Ona-Ara) in Ibadan. Households’ main sources of water were well (65.8%); borehole (20.1%), water vendor (11.6%) and public pipe-borne water (2.5%). Majority, (75.6%) of the wells available to respondents were sited at distance less than 25 metres (WHO minimum distance recommended) to soak-away pits facilities; 53.8% households usually experienced water shortage in their wells; 62% bought borehole water, 2.4% bought well water while 1.9% bought tap water to mitigate shortage. Also, 13.6% travelled more than 1,000 metres (WHO standard) to obtain potable water; 73.1% had access to less than 20 litres water per capita. Respondents in low (4.1%), medium (5%) and high (12.7%) residential districts assessed available sources of water as bad consequently 78.8% of respondents were not satisfied with the present situation of water, demanding for improved borehole and adequate pipe- bore water. Logistic regression model showed that education level (f=0.793, p<0.05) of the respondents has significant effect on the choice of both well water and water vendors as main source of water consumed. Pearson Chi-square result indicates a significant difference in the respondents’ perception of the quality of main sources of water consumed (χ2 = 546.59, p< 0.001). Household water security was poor in all residential densities. All residential neighborhoods in Ibadan therefore need to be considered in the planning of sustainable urban water supply.

Page(s): 240-247                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 17 September 2020

 Samson A. Adejumo (Ph.D)
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Environmental design and Management University of Ibadan

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Samson A. Adejumo (Ph.D) “Urban Household Water Insecurity in Ibadan, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.240-247 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/240-247.pdf

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Effects of Reynolds Number on Twin Circular Jets at a Small Space Ratio
Shams Sourav, Ashraful Hossain Rifat, M A Taher Ali – August 2020 – Page No.: 248-252

A twin circular jet of diameter 20 mm is investigated experimentally for a small space ratio of 1.2 and how Reynolds number affects the flow field is analyzed for three different Reynolds number (Re = 16300, 34400 and 49200). The experiment is carried out in an air jet facility and pressure probe method is used to measure and calculate the position dependent data. Mean velocity profiles along the longitudinal, transverse and lateral directions are studied where an impact of varying Re is evident. Static pressure and mean kinetic energy distributions are also investigated where an enormous influence of Re is found. With the increase of Re, interaction of two jets is enhanced and ample amount of energy and mass transfer occur between the shear layers of the twin jets.

Page(s): 248-252                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 September 2020

  Shams Sourav
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

  Ashraful Hossain Rifat
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

  M A Taher Ali
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

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Shams Sourav, Ashraful Hossain Rifat, M A Taher Ali “Effects of Reynolds Number on Twin Circular Jets at a Small Space Ratio” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.248-252 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/248-252.pdf

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Attitude of Pre-service Teachers towards Application of Techno-pedagogy in Mathematics Classroom
Akukwe, Anthonius Chukwudi, Nwoke, Bright Ihechukwu & Okebaram Humphrey – August 2020 – Page No.: 253-257

The study was carried out to investigate the attitude of pre-service teachers towards application of techno-pedagogy in mathematics classrooms. The study focused on mathematics pre-service teachers of Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri Imo state, Nigeria. A sample of 105 degree and NCE pre-service teachers drawn through stratified random sampling technique was used for the study. The descriptive survey research design was applied in carrying out the research. A 14-items likert 4-point type questionnaire titled “Pre-service Teachers Attitude towards Techno-pedagogy in Mathematics Classroom (PTATMC)” drawn by the researchers was used for data collection. It had reliability coefficient of 0.80 determined using cronbach’s alpha formula. The data generated were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer research questions while the hypothesis was analyzed using t-test statistical tool tested at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the study showed that, mathematics pre-service teachers had high positive attitude towards the application of techno-pedagogy in mathematics classroom irrespective of gender. Based on the result of the study, it was recommended that, techno-pedagogy should be fully employed in teaching mathematics pre-service teachers in teacher training institutions.

Page(s): 253-257                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 September 2020

  Akukwe, Anthonius Chukwudi
Department of Computer Science Education, 3Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria

 Nwoke, Bright Ihechukwu
Department of Mathematics, 3Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria

 Okebaram Humphrey
Department of Business Education, 3Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria

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[19] Shirvani, H.(2014)Pre-service teachers’ attitudes toward using technology in schools. Journal of Literacy and Technology 15(1),33-52
[20] Ziyn, E. W. (2014). E-Learning Technology in Pre-Service Teachers Training-Lessons for Ethiopia. Journal of Educational and Social Research 4(1)159-166. DOI: 10.5901/jesr.2014.v4n1p159

Akukwe, Anthonius Chukwudi, Nwoke, Bright Ihechukwu & Okebaram Humphrey “Attitude of Pre-service Teachers towards Application of Techno-pedagogy in Mathematics Classroom” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.253-257 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/253-257.pdf

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The Relationship between Demographic Characteristic of Age and Instructional Leadership Style – A Kenyan Perspective
Ann Wanjiru Githaiga, Emmy Kipsoi – August 2020 – Page No.: 258-263

Education is the vital instrument for economic and social mobility at the personal level, an instrument for transforming a society and a veritable means of effecting development at the national level. Consequently, leadership exhibited at any institution of learning is widely deemed to be an important aspect. As such, there are several reasons in literature suggesting that Instructional leadership (IL) has a strong influence on the success of a school. However, from literature, studies on the relationship between instructional leadership behavior and demographic characteristic of age are very few. As such, the essence of this study was to fill that gap by establishing whether there is significant relationship between instructional leadership behavior and age of head-teachers in primary schools in Kiambu County, Kenya. The study adopted a quantitative method, used a stratified random sampling technique and utilized Instructional Leadership Inventory (ILI) instrument to survey 198 head-teachers of public and private primary schools in Kiambu County. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to determine the relationship between IL behavior and age of the head teacher. On the overall, the study revealed that there was no significant relationship between IL behavior and demographic characteristic of age as measured in the dimensions of: Managing curriculum, supervising teaching, monitoring student progress, defining mission and promoting instructional development. The study is in agreement with various studies that demonstrate that age has no strong relationship with leadership style.

Page(s): 258-263                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 September 2020

  Ann Wanjiru Githaiga
Department of Educational Foundations, School of Education, Moi University, Kenya

  Emmy Kipsoi
Department of Educational Foundations, School of Education, Moi University, Kenya

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Ann Wanjiru Githaiga, Emmy Kipsoi “The Relationship between Demographic Characteristic of Age and Instructional Leadership Style – A Kenyan Perspective” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.258-263 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/258-263.pdf

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Enhancing Environmental Sustainability through Recycled Plastics and Polyethylene in Port Harcourt Urban
Ayagere Selete Ayebaemi, Bumaa Felix Neeka, Amakiri-whyte Belema Henry, Aselemi Akeuloghonaan Ernest, Iyowuna Jonah, Ubani, Princewill – August 2020 – Page No.: 264-269

The system of plastics and polyethylene recycling that enhance sustainable environment remains contemporary issues globally. This is relevant given the decline of marine debris, street and neighbourhood littering. However, this appears not to increase complete environment sustainability in the third world country like Nigeria going by both practices, statutory and strategic consideration. The research consequently unveils socio-economic implications of plastics and polyethylene recycling in Port Harcourt and analyse environmental sustainability through plastics and polyethylene recycling. In furtherance, the research acquired data via the plastics and polythene sustainable environment achievement (PPSEA) whereas standardized coefficient (beta) regression analysis and chi-square analysis method were the investigative tools employed. The result of the analysis revealed significant relation between plastics/polyethylene recycling and socio-economic characteristics at (R2 = 0.966, significant at 0.01) clarifying 96.6% socio economic importance of recycled plastics and polyethylene (population, employment, income, household size and education). This implies that the five aforementioned are the socio-economic advantages of plastics and polyethylene recycling globally. The analysis added that significant relation occur between plastic/polyethylene recycling and environmental sustainability at (x2 = 126.44, df 1, p = 0.05>0.00) in Port Harcourt urban space. This implies that recycling of plastics and polyethylene reduces dissimilar environmental pollution while the article resolved with recommendations on practices that advocate for the need and utmost concern of the government to embark on a strong environmental awareness programmes that educate both the households, streets, communities, authorities, cities and industries on healthy environment through plastics and polyethylene recycling of global standard.

Page(s): 264-269                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 September 2020

 Ayagere Selete Ayebaemi
Department of Architecture, Kenule Beeson Saro-wiwa Polytechnic Bori Nigeria

 Bumaa Felix Neeka
Department of Architecture, Kenule Beeson Saro-wiwa Polytechnic Bori Nigeria

 Amakiri-whyte Belema Henry
Department of Architecture, Kenule Beeson Saro-wiwa Polytechnic Bori Nigeria

 Aselemi Akeuloghonaan Ernest
Department of Architecture, Kenule Beeson Saro-wiwa Polytechnic Bori Nigeria

 Iyowuna Jonah
Department of Surveying and Geomatic, Rivers State University Port Harcourt, Nigeria

 Ubani, Princewill
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Kenule Beeson Saro-wiwa Polytechnic Bori Nigeria

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Ayagere Selete Ayebaemi, Bumaa Felix Neeka, Amakiri-whyte Belema Henry, Aselemi Akeuloghonaan Ernest, Iyowuna Jonah, Ubani, Princewill “Enhancing Environmental Sustainability through Recycled Plastics and Polyethylene in Port Harcourt Urban” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.264-269 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/264-269.pdf

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Teacher’s extent of use of ICT in Promoting Learning For Hearing Impaired Learners In Special Schools In Mombasa County, Kenya
Agnes Mwaka Mwatsaka, Dr. Bunyasi Beatrice Awori, Prof. Geoffrey Karugu – August 2020 – Page No.: 270-274

The main aim of this study was to examine the extent of use of ICT in special schools and units in Mombasa County. The study was anchored on the theory of Diffusion of Innovation and Capability Theory. The study adopted descriptive survey design. The study was conducted in special schools and units for learners with hearing impairment within Mombasa County. The target population comprised of all learners with HI and their teachers in 3 public and one private primary schools in Mombasa County. There was a total of 223 learners with H.I and 30 teachers. Simple random sampling was applied to select the target population and get the study sample size. That was 77 respondents comprising of 66 Hearing Impaired Learners, 6 Teachers and 2 Head teachers/Deputy Head teachers. The study collected primary data using questionnaires and interview guides. The study revealed that teachers reported that desk computers, laptops, UPS and printers were inadequate. Similarly, LCD projector were, KICD digital content devices and Internet connectivity were also found to be inadequate. The study concludes that desk computers, Laptops, Ups, LCD projector and Printers were inadequate. The study recommends that all schools promoting education for learners with hearing impairments should implement and invest in ICT in order to ensure that learners get sufficient ICT facilities required for their education to ensure there is uninterrupted learning in schools.

Page(s): 270-274                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 September 2020

 Agnes Mwaka Mwatsaka
Masters Student, School of Education, Department of Special Needs Education, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya

  Dr. Bunyasi Beatrice Awori
Lecturer, Department of Early Childhood and Special Needs Education, Kenyatta University Nairobi, Kenya

  Prof. Geoffrey Karugu
Lecturer, Department of Early Childhood and Special Needs Education, Kenyatta University Nairobi, Kenya

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Agnes Mwaka Mwatsaka, Dr. Bunyasi Beatrice Awori, Prof. Geoffrey Karugu “Teacher’s extent of use of ICT in Promoting Learning For Hearing Impaired Learners In Special Schools In Mombasa County, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 8, pp.270-274 August 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-8/270-274.pdf

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