Volume VII Issue XI

Publication for  Volume 7 Issue 11, November 2020 is in process…

Elemental and Bacterial Profile of Soils Contaminated by Effluent Originating from Zangon-Shanu Abattoir, Zaria: A Preliminary Investigation

Kazzah R.C, Kutman, N. A. Michael, A. M., Obaje, B.K. Fodeke, H., Feka, D.P., Tanko S.F., and Bammai M.Y – November 2020 Page No.: 01-05

Elemental and microbial properties in contaminated abattoir soils was collected at distances 500m apart and designated as A (distance of 500m from the abattoir), B (1000m from the abattoir), C (1500m from the abattoir) and X (Control soil). Preliminary results revealed samples have favorable pH and temperatures (7.47, 6.60, 7.39, 7.32 and 25 °C, 40 °C, 23 °C and 31 °C) which agrees with set environmental limits by the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA). Elemental analysis revealed % Nitrogen of 1.12, 1.4 and 0.39 and 0.56 for samples A, B, C and X respectively, no limit was set for this parameter. Phosphorus contents recorded were above the NESREA limit, except for sample B. No limit was set for Potassium. Cadmium, Copper, Zinc, Chromium and Iron levels were above the NESREA limit, Mg was below the set limit. The result of viable bacterial count in the soil samples analyzed shows high values which ranges between 3.0×106cfu/mL as compared to the relatively low count of 2.4×104 cfu/mL in the control soil. Among the bacteria isolated, Escherichia coli had the highest frequency of occurrence of 27%. Klebsiella pneumonia was the least isolated bacteria with a percentage distribution of 9%. Other bacteria isolated and their respective percentage distribution in the soil samples include Enterococci faecalis (11%), Bacillus species (12%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (11%), Staphylococcus aureus (13%) and Salmonella typhi (17%).

Page(s): 01-05                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 November 2020

 Kazzah R.C
Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria.

 Kutman, N.A
Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria.

  Michael, A. M
Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria.

  Obaje, B.K
Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria.

 Fodeke, H
Department of Biochemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

  Feka, D.P
Department of Pollution and Environmental Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology Zaria, Nigeria.

  Tanko S.F
Department of Pollution and Environmental Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology Zaria, Nigeria.

  Bammai M.Y.
Department of Chemistry, Center for Food Technology and Research, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria

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Kazzah R.C, Kutman, N. A. Michael, A. M., Obaje, B.K. Fodeke, H., Feka, D.P., Tanko S.F., and Bammai M.Y “Elemental and Bacterial Profile of Soils Contaminated by Effluent Originating from Zangon-Shanu Abattoir, Zaria: A Preliminary Investigation” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.01-05 November 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/01-05.pdf

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Morphological And Histochemical Investigation of the Role (S) Of Moringa Oleifera (Lam) on 3-Nitropropionic Acid Model of Huntington ’s disease.

O.F. Akinpelu, P.D. Shalli, O.J Ogundipe, F.E. Oladipupo, S.O. Jimoh, L.G Ogungbe, O.M Onasanya and O.A Alao – November 2020 Page No.: 06-14

Aim: This study evaluated the role of Moringe Oleifera (MO) in the treatment of Huntington’s disease induced by 3- Nitropropionic Acid (3-NP). Material and Method: Forty adult mice weighting between 25-32g were used and divided into four groups (A, B, C and D), Group A serves as the control (Received food and ad libitum), B (Received MO+3-NP), C (Received only 3-NP) and D (Received 3-NP + MO). 3- Nitropropionic Acid (20mg/kg) was administered to the animals intraperitoneal for 7 days. MO was administered orally (250mg/kg) for a period of 7 days. Weights of the animals were monitored periodically using the digital weighing balance. Animals were sacrificed at the end of the experiment and the brain tissue was excised for morphological and histochemical study.
Results showed cyto-architecture derangement of the brain tissue in the Huntington’s group, while the preventive group showed some degree of preservation of the tissue architecture. Conclusion: 3-Np induced huntington’s disease model in mice as expected with the characteristics of demyelination, chromatolysis, exaggerated protein clumps aggregations on the tissue organ and Moringa oleifera shows little curative effect on the neuronal neuro-degeneration.

Page(s): 06-14                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 November 2020

  O.F. Akinpelu
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ikenne Campus, Ogun State, Nigeria.

  P.D. Shalli
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ikenne Campus, Ogun State, Nigeria.

  O.J Ogundipe
Department of physiological Sciences, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile – Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

  F.E. Oladipupo
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ikenne Campus, Ogun State, Nigeria.

  S.O. Jimoh
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ikenne Campus, Ogun State, Nigeria.

  L.G Ogungbe
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Lead city University Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

  O.M Onasanya
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ikenne Campus, Ogun State, Nigeria.

  OO.A Alao
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria

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O.F. Akinpelu, P.D. Shalli, O.J Ogundipe, F.E. Oladipupo, S.O. Jimoh, L.G Ogungbe, O.M Onasanya and O.A Alao, “Morphological And Histochemical Investigation of the Role (S) Of Moringa Oleifera (Lam) on 3-Nitropropionic Acid Model of Huntington ’s disease.” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.06-14 November 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/06-14.pdf

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Accounting Information as a Management Tool to National Development Services in Nigeria

Odaumiebi Ouserigha, Alhassan Odiniya Innocent, Nwogbo Chimezie Rose, Adjekughele Eyere Harriet- November 2020 Page No.: 15-20

Accounting information is an indispensable management tool to national development services in Nigeria. Accounting plays a major role in the sustenance of economic viability, political stability and social harmony in any given state or nation. The reason for this obvious fact regarding our national development is not farfetched considering the enormous multi-sectoral dimension of Nigerian economic activities both in the public and private sectors. Sound and accurate accounting information are ingredients to national government decisions to national development. The main thrust of this paper is to survey the significant role of accounting information system to national development services with the ultimate aim to ascertain whether economic transactions of the nation are properly recorded and kept as accounting reports to make such national decisions. The study is focused on the information gathered and collected from both primary and secondary sources. The sample of the study is made from selected national offices in Bayelsa capital city of Yenagoa. Data analysis for the study was done using frequency percentage and chi-square via SPSS-Statistical Package for social sciences. Findings of the study revealed that accounting information system has been playing an indispensable and key role in making decisions in such national issues. It is thus concluded that accounting information is of great paramount importance to national development services. The researcher therefore recommended that the national/federal government should continue to properly keep accounting books and implement accounting information/reports at regular intervals.

Page(s): 15-20                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 November 2020

  Odaumiebi Ouserigha
Department of Accounting ,Federal Polytechnic, Ekowe .Bayelsa state

  Alhassan Odiniya Innocent
Federal Polytechnic Ekowe, Bayelsa State

  Nwogbo Chimezie Rose
Federal Polytechnic Ekowe, Bayelsa State

  Adjekughele Eyere Harriet
Federal Polytechnic Ekowe, Bayelsa State

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Odaumiebi Ouserigha, Alhassan Odiniya Innocent, Nwogbo Chimezie Rose, Adjekughele Eyere Harriet “Accounting Information as a Management Tool to National Development Services in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.15-20 November 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/15-20.pdf

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Business Intelligence Deployment and Firm Performance: Literature Review of Empirical Evidences

Yonney Atsu Ahlijah – November 2020 Page No.: 21-32

The main objective of this research is to empirically review recent studies on business intelligence deployment and its impact on firm performance based on two cardinal perspectives: (i) passage of time and themes, and (ii) research methodology adopted. The literature review took global dimension as it covered all geographical parts of the world. Twenty (20) empirically related studies were reviewed from 2004 – 2020 (17 years’ period). In geographical bread, four (4) of the empirically reviewed researches (representing 20%) originated from African countries; six (6) of the empirically reviewed researches (representing 30%) originated from Asian countries; another six (6) of the empirically reviewed researches (representing 30%) originated from European countries; two (2) of the empirically reviewed researches (representing 10%) originated from North American country (USA); one (1) of the empirically reviewed researches (representing 5%) originated from South American country (Brazil); and another one (1) of the empirically reviewed researches (representing 5%) originated from Australia. The major findings of the study include the following: (i) there is dearth of research on secondary data collection instrumentation; (ii) there is dearth of theoretical backed business intelligence related studies; (iii) the number of quantitative and mixed researches in business intelligence as a whole is very small; and (iv) there is absence of comparative business intelligence studies incorporating technological, organizational, and environmental variables. It is the recommendation of the study that these observed gaps in literature be empirically bridged.

Page(s): 21-32                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 November 2020

 Yonney Atsu Ahlijah
Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Computer Science & Engineering Kings University College, Accra, Ghana

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Yonney Atsu Ahlijah “Business Intelligence Deployment and Firm Performance: Literature Review of Empirical Evidences” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.21-32 November 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/21-32.pdf

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Effects of E-Learning on Retention and Performance of Basic Science and Technology Students in Minna, Niger State

Tukura Charles Saidu., Adamu Abdulmalik. & Kanu Judith- November 2020 Page No.: 33-38

This study investigated “Effects of e-learning on retention and performance among Basic Science Students in Minna, Niger State”. The research design adopted for the study was a Quasi-experimental control group design which employed a pretest, posttest, and post- posttest of the experimental and the control groups. The population of the study consisted of 4,870 JSSII Students from forty-one schools in Minna. Four schools were selected as sample for the study with a total number of 200 students. The instruments used for the study was Basic Science Performance Test (BSPT) with reliability coefficient of 0.89. The instrument was validated by two experts from the department of science education, Federal University of Technology, Minna. Intact classes of JSSII was used for the study. Four research questions were answered using descriptive statistic of mean and standard deviation, while four research hypotheses were formulated and tested using t-test at P≤0.05 level of significance. One of the hypothesis answered was there is no significant difference in the level of performance between students taught Basic Science concept using e-learning and those taught using Lecture Method. Major findings of the study revealed that the use of e-learning has positive effect on Students’ Retention and Performance among Basic Science Students. Based on the research findings recommendations were made among which include, that Basic Science teachers in Junior Secondary Schools in Minna should be encouraged to use the e-learning in teaching and learning of Basic Science as it improves students’ performance; Both the State and the Federal Government should organize workshops, seminars and talk shows for Basic Science teachers on how to use e-learning in the teaching and learning process.

Page(s): 33-38                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 November 2020

 Tukura Charles Saidu
Department of Educational Technology, School of Science and Technology Education. Federal University of Technology, Minna

  Adamu Abdulmalik
Fati Lami Abubakar Institute for Legal and Administrative Studies

  Kanu Judith
Nigerian Education Research and Development Council (Nerdc), Sheda-Abuja

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Tukura Charles Saidu., Adamu Abdulmalik. & Kanu Judith, “Effects of E-Learning on Retention and Performance of Basic Science and Technology Students in Minna, Niger State” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.33-38 November 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/33-38.pdf

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A Simplified Approach for Management of Travel Agency Using C++ Programming Language

Virat Bhambhe, Dr. Naresh Chauhan- November 2020 Page No.: 39-57

People used to travel or move between distant geographical locations for business, religious pilgrimages, visiting people, obtaining health care, gathering of information, pleasure etc. Travel can be done by using public or private transportation which includes automobile, train, boat, bus, airplane, ship or other means. It can be one way or round trip and with or without luggage. It can also include stays at hotels at locations during the movement. Travel agency is an organization which plays an important role in the entire process of developing and promoting tourism in the country or at a destination. It packages and processes all the attractions, accesses, amenities and ancillary services of a country and presents them to tourists. It is an important link between the clients and principal suppliers. It ensures rapid travel services. It provides authentic and reliable travel information. It establishes a good relationship with clients and vendors. A good travel agency is one which makes arrangements of travel tickets (air, rail, road, and sea), accommodation and other travel-related services from principle suppliers. In order to handle large number of clients and provide them fast and accurate services there is a need of software which can manage client’s details easily. This project of travel agency management system is developed using C++ programming language. It can be used for travel in some of the major Indian cities. It is used for viewing tourist places, reserve transportation, reserve accommodation, view existing bookings. It is used for registration of clients, search registered clients, modify/edit the registration details of clients and delete the registration records of clients. It also provides details of cost/amount of reservation. It help travel agent to manage business process. It improves client’s travel processes. It reduces travel agency operational costs. It increases business profitability. It is beneficial for travel agent, tour operators, travel agency and destination management company. In this way it provides a better solution for the problem of managing client’s details efficiently.

Page(s): 39-57                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 November 2020

 Virat Bhambhe
P.G.D.C.A. student, Annamalai University – Directorate of Distance Education (Tamil Nadu), INDIA

 Dr. Naresh Chauhan
Professor, Department of Computer Engineering, JC Bose University of Science and Technology, YMCA, Faridabad, INDIA

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Virat Bhambhe, Dr. Naresh Chauhan, “A Simplified Approach for Management of Travel Agency Using C++ Programming Language” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.39-57 November 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/39-57.pdf

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Deictic Centre And Pragmatic Implications In Remi Raji-Oyelade’s Poetry

Victor Oluwayemi – November 2020 Page No.: 58-65

Deixis is essentially core to pragmatics and it is deployed in poetry to achieve various ends. This study investigated deictic centres and pragmatic implications in Remi Raji-Oyelade’s poetry. Working within the traditional classification of deixis, that is, person, time, and place deixis, and context in pragmatics, ten poems, five from each, were purposively selected from Remi Raji-Oyelade’s first two anthologies of poems – A Harvest of Laughters (1997) and Webs of Remembrance (2015) – because of their thematic relevance and deployment of deictic tokens. It was found out that: the poet chronicled his personal involvement in the political, social and economic happenings in his country. He also projected himself, through the use of deixis, into experiencing his friends’ dehumanisation in the hand of the military rulers. More so, it was revealed that the poet conflated his identity with that of the leadership in order to lampoon and expose the inhumane treatments of the citizenry by the corrupt political/military and religious leaders. Deploying inclusive plural pronouns, the poet encouraged the citizens to be critical and tactful in choosing competent hands to man their destiny and resources of the country

Page(s): 58-65                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 November 2020

 Victor Oluwayemi
Department of English, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

[1] Adegoju, A. (2014). Person deixis as discursive practice in Nigeria’s “June 12” conflict rhetoric. Ghana Journal of Linguistics. 3 (1), 45-64.
[2] Adetunji, A. (2006). Inclusion and exclusion in political discourse: deixis in Olusegun Obasanjo’s Speeches. Journal of Language and Linguistics. 5(2) 177-191.
[3] Ayeomoni, M. O. (2012). A graphostylistic analysis of selected poems in Remi Raji’s Webs of Remembrance. International Journal of English Linguistics. 2(5)101-161.
[4] Dasylva, A. O. and Jegede O.B. (2005). Studies in poetry. Ibadan: Stirling-Horden Publishers.
[5] Egya, S. E. (2009). Political poetry in contemporary Nigerian literature: the example of Remi Raji’s poetry. PhD. Thesis, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria.
[6] Green, K.M.C. (1992). A study of deixis in relation to lyric poetry. PhD. Thesis, University of Sheffield, UK
[7] Levinson, S. (1983). Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[8] Levinson, S. (2004). Deixis. In Horn, L.R, & Ward, G. (Eds.). The handbook of pragmatics. USA: Blackwell Publishing. 97-121.
[9] Mey, J. (2001). Pragmatics: an introduction. USA: Blackwell Publishing.
[10] Odebunmi, A. (2001). The English word and meaning: an introductory text. Ogbomoso: Critical Sphere.
[11] Odebunmi, A. And Olaniyan, K. K. (2006). Perspectivization in fiction: a deictic study of Wole Soyinka’s Ake. Africa: Revista do Centro de Estudos Africanos. UPS, S. Paulo, 27-28. 135-149.
[12] Ogunsiji, A. & Ogungbemi, O.D. (2016). The portrait of political leaders in Niyi Osundare’s Random Blues: an exercise in critical stylistic analysis. In Odebunmi, A., Osisanwo, A., Bodunde, H., & Ekpa, S. (Eds.). Grammar, applied linguistics and society: A Festschrift for Wale Osisanwo. Ile-Ife: Obafemi Awolowo University Press. 375 – 392.
[13] Olaniyan, S. O. (2013) Imagining society in Remi Raji’s gather my blood rivers of songs. The Criterion: an International Journal in English. 4(v), 1-13.
[14] Osisanwo, W. (2003). Introduction to discourse analysis and pragmatics. Lagos: Femolus-Fetop Publishers.
[15] Osundare, N. (2007). The writer as righter. Ibadan: Hope Publications Ltd.
[16] Raji, R. (1997). A harvest of laughters. Ibadan: Kraft Books Limited.
[17] Raji, R. (2015). Webs of remembrance. Ibadan: Kraft Books Limited..
[18] Yeibo, E. (2013). Deictics and stylistic function in J.P. Clark-Bekederemo’s poetry. Journal of the Linguistic Association of Nigeria. 16(1 & 2), 1-16.
[19] Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics: Oxford University Press.
[20] Yule, G. (2010). The study of language (4th Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Victor Oluwayemi “Deictic Centre And Pragmatic Implications In Remi Raji-Oyelade’s Poetry” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.58-65 November 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/58-65.pdf

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Effect of Varying Loads on the Spine: An Ergonomic Approach

D.O. Isiohia – November 2020 Page No.: 66-68

This paper attempts to compare the effects of load on the spine when subjected to varying load conditions. Change in total body height was used as an indirect measure of disc compression with the help of the apparatus called stadiometer. Fifteen male subjects were measured under different load situations classified as light, medium and heavy loads. During the three conditions, measurements of changes in height were taken in the morning before work and in the evening before resting. Comparisons were made using a repeated measures Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) with a significant level set at (0.05). The result showed that duration of dynamic activities has significant effect on the disc compression for the light and heavy load (P<0.05) with no significant difference between the medium load and the mean shrinkage. Results also showed greater compression in younger people compared with older and greater compression is experienced during longer durations of dynamic activities. Finally, examples were given on how the findings of this research can be used in ergonomic evaluation, design, and intervention in a workplace.

Page(s): 66-68                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 November 2020

 D.O. Isiohia
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria

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[3] Chow, D.H.K., Li, M.F., Lai, A. and Pope, M.H. (2011). Effect of load carriage on spinal compression. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 41(2011):219-223.
[4] DeVocht, J.W., Pope, M.H., Magnusson, M. and Spratt, K.F. (2000). Biomechanics evaluation of the Rola stretcher as a passive distraction device. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 4:252-257.
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[12] Stothart, J.P. and McGill, SM. (2000). Stadiometry: On measurement technique to reduce variability in spine shrinkage measurement Clinical Biomechanics 15(7): 546-548.

D.O. Isiohia “Effect of Varying Loads on the Spine: An Ergonomic Approach” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.66-68 November 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/66-68.pdf

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Modelling Of Drainage Basin in Udi-Awgu Cuesta, Southeastern Nigeria Using Remote Sensing and GIS
Ejemeyovwi Danny Ochuko – November 2020 – Page No.: 69-83

GIS and remotely sensed enhanced multi-spectral data of Digital Elevation Model (DEM,), Landsat ETM+ digital Image and aerial photos to generate hydrologic mops for basin morphometric studies. Measurement of properties to evaluate parameters (Indices,) was carried out for Udi-Awgwu Cuesta Regions, South Eastern Nigeria. The analysis was carried out using digitized hydrological maps geo referenced using 4 points (resampled and merged) and the sub mqpof the study area extracted and incorporated into the GIS spatial data base in a GIS environment. The interpreted images are superimposed to create appropriate information platform to generate hydrological maps for analysis, interpretation and classification at sub basins level of water divided concept. The mapping of the drainage networks was followed by fieldwork (ground truthing) for confirmation of field observations during pre and post interpretative phases using the basic interpretative element of colour, lone, shape, pattern, shadow, site and association.. There is observed increased innetwork and basins in the enhanced data (ETM and DEM) than the aerial Photos due to higher resolving power( resolutions). There are major implications of the properties and parameters representedby six factors of reduced ranked variables evaluated with their implications include: basin circularity (RC) values of 0.62- 0.74 approaches one (1) tend to indicate basin pear shape with geological and hydrological tendencies of the uniform infiltration which does not overflow, as it takes long time for excess water to reach the basin outlet. The relief of 750m indicates high gravity water flow, high erosion tendencies, high infiltration arid high run-off conditions while the drainage density (Dd) between 0.85 and 0.95 depicts high permeable subsurface under sparse vegetation cover arid of medium relief subject to high erosion. The low values (0.52-0.62) of the bifurcation ratio (Rb) indicates low structural complexity and high permeability subsurface with attendant subsurface erosion. Cumulative stream length (between 830-1019.6) is indicative of fairly low value that characterized medium relief permeable bedrock and low structural disturbance depicting absence of geologic influence in the area. The various landforms associated with geo- fluvial processes in the upland area area ridges, undulating plateau, rills and gullies with rough to smooth rounded tops while in the lowland area are found sedimentary veneers (weathered, eroded loose earth materials) transported downwards and are responsible for the developments of fluvial deposition features of rolling plains, foot slopes, narrow valleys with main valley floor at the end of erosional plain.

Page(s): 69-83                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 November 2020

 Ejemeyovwi Danny Ochuko
Faculty of The Social Sciences, Department of Geog. & Reg. Planning, Delta Slate University, P.M.B.1, Abraka, Nigeria

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[5] Ebisemiju, F. S. (1976). Morphornetric work with Nigerian topographical maps. Lagos: The Nigerian Geographical Jour., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 66-77.
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[7] Ejemeyovwi, D.O. (2008). The physiographic and drainage systems of Delta state Nigeria. In Odemerlio, F. (ed.) Pubi.of Geography Department, Delta State University Press Pubi. Abraka, pp.9-20.
[8] Eyles, K. 1. (1966). Stream presentation on Malaysian ma ps.Malaysia: Jour, of Tropical Geography, vol. 22, pp. 1-9.
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[12] Hilton, T.R. (1.999). Practical Geography in Africa.LongnianPubi, London, pp. 72-83.
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[14] Javis, R.S. (1976). Link Length organization and network scale dependences on networic diameter model. Water resources research, vol.12, pp. 128-1225.
[15] Jean-Mark, N. J. (2003). Spotlight of Spot image.An interview by chairman and CEO in SPOT Magazine — A New dimension technologies for earth observation, no. 39 — 41, pp. 7-21.
[16] Leopold, L.B; Wolmun, M.G & Miller, J.P.(l964). Fluvial processes in geomorphology. New York: In Freeman, A. and Lerman, A. (eds.) Jour. of Chemistry, Geology and Physics. Springes— Verlag.
[17] Mark, D.M.( 1978). Geomorphometricparameters.A review and evaluation.Geog. Ann., vol. 57A, pp. 165— 177.
[18] MeijerinkA.M.J.,Bannert, D.; Batelaan, O.; Lubczynski, M. W. &Pointet, T. ((2007). Remote Sensing applications to groundwater. Published by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.An IHP-V1 Series, no.16, pp.1 – 50,
[19] Mesa, L.M. (2006). Morphometric analysis of a subtropical Andean basin, Ticuman. Argentina: Jour. of Environmental Geology, vol. 50, no 8, pp. 1235-1242.
[20] Misra, R. & Ramesh A. l984).Fundamentals of Cartography.Conceptpublication company, New Delhi, India; reversed and enlarged vol. 1, pp. 59-25 1.
[21] Morisawa, M. C. (1957). Accuracy of determination of stream lengths from topographical maps.Trans Amer. Geography Jour., vol. 38.
[22] Ojo, O. (1977). The Climate of West Africa.HeinernannBoolcs Publ. SOP
[23] Reddy, G.E .O.Gangalakuta, P.; Amai, K.; Maji, A. K.; &Kothiram, S.G.(2004). Damage morphometry and the influence of the’ landform characteristics on a basaltic terrain, central India remote sensing and GIS approach. India: Jot. Jour. of Applied Earth Observation and Geo information, vol. 6, no 1, pp.1-17.
[24] Schenick, H. (1963). Simulation of the evolution or drainage networks with a digital computer. Jour. Geophysisvol., 68, pp. 5739 —5745.
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[26] Smart, J,S. (1978). The analysis of drainage network composition.EarthSurface Process, vol. 3, pp 124-170.
[27] Srinivasan, P.S (1988). Use of remote sensing techniques for detailed hydrogeomorphological investigation of part of Narmadasar command area.Jndia Jour. of remote seeming, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 55-62.
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[32] Umeji, A. C. (2000).Evolution of the Abakaliki and the Anambra Sedimentary Basisn, Southeastern Nigeria.Areport of Shell Chair project submitted to SPDC, Nig. Ltd, 155p.
[33] Umeji, O. P. (2005). Polynological study of the Okaba Coal mine section in the Anambra

Ejemeyovwi Danny Ochuko “Modelling Of Drainage Basin in Udi-Awgu Cuesta, Southeastern Nigeria Using Remote Sensing and GIS” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.69-83 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/69-83.pdf

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A Critical Review on Comparative Study on the Analytical Results of GFRPRC Beam and CFRP RC Beam on ANSYS
Kuldeep Meghwal, Er. R.S. Shekhawat – November 2020 – Page No.: 84-87

The utilization of composite materials, for example, Fiber Reinforced Polymers (FRP) in fortifying and fixing of structural components, especially those made of reinforced concrete, is generally spreading. However, for successful and practical applications, engineers must improve their insight concerning the real conduct of reinforced structures. FRP materials offers the designer an exceptional blend of physical and mechanical properties, for example, high rigidity, lightweight, improved stiffness, high fatigue strength, durability and incredible solidness. Since these frameworks are non-destructive, non-magnetic, and chemical resistant, they are an amazing alternative for outer support. The properties of FRP composites have brought about huge sparing in construction cost and decrease in shut down time of facilities when contrasted with the regular reinforcing techniques. In this study, an attempt is made to get a more clear knowledge onto which among the Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer(GFRP) and Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) is better by leading an analytical investigation on both FRPs when wrapped over Reinforced Concrete (RC) beam using ANSYS software.

Page(s): 84-87                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 November 2020

 Kuldeep Meghwal
M.Tech student, Dept. of Civil Engineering, College ofTechnology and Engineering, MPUAT, Udaipur, India

  Er. R.S. Shekhawat
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, College of Technologyand Engineering, MPUAT, Udaipur, India

[1] Ibrahim A. M. and Mahmood M. S., “Finite Element Modelling of Reinforced Concrete Beams Strengthened with FRP Laminates”, European Journal of Scientific Research, Vol.30(4), 2009, pp. 526-541.
[2] Robert R. S. and Prince A. G., “Finite Element Modelling on Behaviour of reinforced concrete beam-column joints retrofitted with carbon Fibre reinforced polymer”,International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering, Vol. 1(3), 2010,pp. 576-582.
[3] Banu D., Barros R. C. D. and Taranu N., “Numerical Modelling of Two-Way Reinforced Concrete Slabs Strengthened with Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers Strips”, International Conference on Experimental Mechanics,2012, pp. 22-27.
[4] Jayajothi P., Kumutha R. and Vijai k., “Finite Element Analysis of FRP wrapped RC Beams Using Ansys. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 14, 2013, pp. 631-643.
[5] MettuBhaskara Rao, P.J. Rao, M.V.S. Rao, K.J. Rao, “Study of the behaviour of GFRP – RC beams under shear”, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, Vol. 4, 2013, pp. 3127-3131
[6] Musmar M. A., Rjoub M. I. and Hadi M.A.A., “Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis of Shallow Reinforced Concrete Beams Using Solid65 Element”, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 9(2), 2014, pp. 85-89.
[7] Parandaman P.and Jayaram M., “Finite element analysis of reinforced concrete beam retrofitted with different Fibre composites”, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 2014, pp.948-953.
[8] Nikita Jain and Varun Kumar Sikka, “ Strengthening of RC Beams with Externally Bonded GFRPs”, IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Vol. 12, 2015, pp. 139-142
[9] Pradeep Singh, Abhishek Mishra and Arpit Kulshreshtha, “Finite element analysis of reinforced concrete beam using ANSYS”, International Journal of Current Engineering and Scientific Research, Vol. 3, 2016, pp. 122-126.
[10] T. H. Patel, Dr. K. B. Parikh, “Strengthening of RC Beams with FRP Sheets with Different Configurations in Shear and Flexure: A Critical Review”, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, Vol. 6, 2016, pp. 156-160.
[11] A.S.D. Salamaa, R.A. Hawilehb, J.A. Abdalla, “Performance of externally strengthened RC beams with side-bonded CFRP sheets”, Composite Structures, Vol.212, 2019, pp 281–290.
[12] Feng Yu, Hao Zhou, Nan Jiang, Yuan Fang, JieSong, Chaochao Feng, Yucong Guan, ” Flexural experiment and capacity investigation of CFRP repaired RC beams under heavy pre-damaged level”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 230, 2019, 117030.
[13] Maysoun M. Ism, M. Rabie , “Flexural behavior of continuous RC beams strengthened with externally bonded CFRP sheets”, Alexandria Engineering Journal. Vol. 58, 2019,789–800
[14] S. Sivasankar, C. Nagaraj and N. Modak, “Analysis of carbon fibre reinforced polymer wrapped square steel tubular sections under compression” 2020, Materials Today: Proceedings.

Kuldeep Meghwal,Er. R.S. Shekhawat “A Critical Review on Comparative Study on the Analytical Results of GFRPRC Beam and CFRP RC Beam on ANSYS” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp. 84-87 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/84-87.pdf

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Governance and Economic Performance, Delegated Public Drinking Water Services in the Municipality Of Dassa-Zoume (Benin)

Rene Ayeman Zodekon, Ernest Amoussou & Leocadie Odoulami – November 2020 Page No.: 88-93

The delegation of management of water services is part of an alternative logic to the community management model of drinking water supply networks. This method of managing water services is faced with numerous irregularities in the municipality of Dassa-Zoumé. This research analyzes the mode of governance by delegation of water services with a view to determining its performance indicators.
The method used is based on data collection from 50 delegatees (public and private), 50 households from user associations and 10 resource persons. The data collected was processed and the results obtained were analyzed with the SWOT model.
Results show that 298 FPMH and 6 AEV are delegated to public and private operators. The delegation of AEV is made to private operators through the afterimage contract. On the other hand, simple works are delegated to natural and legal persons. The latter are called upon to pay a monthly sum of 5,000 F to the town hall. The analysis of the operating account of the private delegates showed that the income from the sale of water amounted to 13,903,784 FCFA in 2017. They fell to 12,141,526 FCFA in 2018 before falling to 13,830,386 FCFA in 2019. With its receipts, the term of extinction of debts and renewal of works is 17 years for AEV and 200 years for FPMH.
The delegation of the water service is confronted with structural problems such as, the lack of intervention of the private sector in the field, the ignorance of the logical framework of intervention of the actors, the vagueness maintained in the granting of the market to the private one which no longer obliges the delegatee to properly complete their specifications. A situation which explains the high cost of water to users. This way of managing the water service is an opportunity for its sustainability.

Page(s): 88-93                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 November 2020

 Rene Ayeman ZodekonLeocadie
Pierre PAGNEY Laboratory, Climate, Water, Ecosystem and Development (LACEEDE) / DGAT / FLASH /
University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC) BP 526 Cotonou, Republic of Benin (West Africa)

 Ernest Amoussou
Pierre PAGNEY Laboratory, Climate, Water, Ecosystem and Development (LACEEDE) / DGAT / FLASH /
University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC) BP 526 Cotonou, Republic of Benin (West Africa)
2-Department of Geography and Regional Planning, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin

  Leocadie Odoulami
Pierre PAGNEY Laboratory, Climate, Water, Ecosystem and Development (LACEEDE) / DGAT / FLASH /
University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC) BP 526 Cotonou, Republic of Benin (West Africa)

[1] ZODEKON Ayéman René, ODOULAMI Léocadie and COCKER Fèmi, (2018): Constraints and challenges of community management of boreholes equipped with human-powered pumps in rural areas in the town of Dassa-Zoumé in Benin, Published in Hommage, Vol 1 , 571-585 page.
[2] Water and Sanitation Program, 2010: Delegation of water service management in rural and semi-urban areas, Field Note on the Assessment of Seven African Countries, 28 p.
[3] ZODEKON Ayéman René, (2016): Management of water resources in the face of rainfall variability in the municipality of Dassa-Zoumé in Benin. DEA thesis, EDP / FLASH / UAC, 88 p.
[4] INSAE, 2013: Fourth general population and housing census: Some results, 106.
[5] GUERIN SCHNEIDER Laetitia, 2001. Introducing performance measurement in the regulation of water and sanitation services in France. Instrumentation and organization. Doctorate in Management – Water Science, ENGREF, 390 p.
[6] Lejars Caroline and Guillem Canneva, 2009, Sustainability of water and sanitation services: evaluation method, case study and perspectives for a change of scale, Second Euro-Mediterranean public management dialogue, Portoroz, Slovenia , October 2009.
[7] Boukhari Sofiane (2018): The sustainable management of drinking water and sanitation services in Algeria, Doctorate in Management – Water Science, MOKTHAR ANNABA University, 241 p.
[8] Yadav, S.M., Singh, N.P., Shah, K.A., & Gamit. J.H. 2014. Performance Evaluation of Water Supply Services in Developing Country: A Case Study of Ahmedabad City. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering 18 (7): 1984-1990.
[9] Sharma, A., Burn, S., Gardner, T., & Gregory, A. 2010. Role of decentralized systems in the transition of urban water systems. Water Science and Technology, 10 (4), 577-583.
[10] Lejars Caroline and Guillem Canneva, 2008. Sustainability of water and sanitation services: evaluation methodology, case study and perspective, 22 p.

Rene Ayeman Zodekon, Ernest Amoussou & Leocadie Odoulami “Governance and Economic Performance, Delegated Public Drinking Water Services in the Municipality Of Dassa-Zoume (Benin)” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.88-93 November 2020  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/88-93.pdf

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Teaching Methods Employed By Teachers and Their Influence on Academic Performance of Learners with Hearing Impairments in Mathematics in Igembe Sub-County of Meru County
Nabea Mpanda Kathare, Prof. Geoffrey Karugu, Prof. Singh S. P. November 2020 – Page No.: 94-98

The purpose of the study was to establish teaching methods employed by teachers that have positive impact on academic performance of learners with hearing impairments in mathematics in special school and units in Igembe District of Meru County. This study adopted a descriptive survey design which allowed the researcher to gather, summarize, present and interpret the information /data for the purpose of clarification. The study targeted the head teachers, teachers teaching mathematics to hearing impaired learners and Quality assurance and standard officers in Igembe District. A sample of 53% of accessible population was purposively sampled for this study. The researcher used questionnaires, interview guides, and observation checklists to collect data. The researcher applied test-retest method during the piloting stage to establish reliability. This was carried out in one special unit of Tigania District which was purposively sampled to ensure validity of the research instruments. They were developed with consultation of fellow post graduate students and my supervisors. The data gathered from the field was sorted out, coded and analyzed in form of table, charts, frequencies, percentages and texts. The study established that teachers employ a variety of methods such as demonstration/illustration, question and answer method, peer tutoring, developing concepts in steps from simple to complex, use of many visual aids such as charts and counters, discussion, oral practice based on addition, subtraction, multiplication and division facts, group work where pupils with different levels of competency are grouped together to uplift one another, teach test where learners are given exercises to work on to gauge their competence and task analysis. The study concluded that the use of varied teaching methods enhances academic performance of learners with hearing impairment in mathematics. The study recommended that teachers should be employing varied teaching methods such as demonstration, participatory, educational technology and peer tutoring while teaching learners with hearing impairment in order to enhance their academic performance especially in mathematics.

Page(s): 94-98                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 November 2020

 Nabea Mpanda Kathare
Masters student, School of Education, Department of Special Needs Education, Kenyatta University, P.O Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.

  Prof. Geoffrey Karugu
School of Education, Department of Special Needs Education, Kenyatta University, P.O Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.

  Prof. Singh S. P.
School of Education, Department of Mathematics, Kenyatta University, P.O Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.

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[7] Parvez, K., Khan, M., Iqbal, J., Tahir, M., Alghamdi, A., Alqarni, M., & Javaid, N. (2019). Measuring Effectiveness of Mobile Application in Learning Basic Mathematical Concepts Using Sign Language. Sustainability, 11(11), 3064.
[8] Shelton, B. E., & Parlin, M. A. (2016). Teaching math to Deaf/hard-of-hearing (DHH) children using mobile games: Outcomes with student and teacher perspectives. International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning (IJMBL), 8(1), 1-17.
[9] Stewart, D. A., & Kluwin, T. N. (2001). Teaching deaf and hard of hearing students: Content, strategies, and curriculum. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
[10] Tanridiler, A., Uzuner, Y., & Girgin, U. (2015). Teaching and learning mathematics with hearing impaired students. The Anthropologist, 22(2), 237-248.
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[12] UNESCO (2010). Early Childhood Care and Education Regional Report: Africa. Dakar, UNESCO-BREDA.
[13] UNESCO, (2000). The Dakar Framework for Action: Education for All — Meeting our Collective Commitments (Including Six Regional Frameworks for Action). Adopted by the World Education Forum. Dakar, 26–28 April 2000, UNESCO.

Nabea Mpanda Kathare, Prof. Geoffrey Karugu, Prof. Singh S. P. “Teaching Methods Employed By Teachers and Their Influence on Academic Performance of Learners with Hearing Impairments in Mathematics in Igembe Sub-County of Meru County. ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.94-98 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/94-98.pdf

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Humour and resistance in security studies An analysis of the Israeli TV show “Eretz Nehederet”
Chloé Bernadaux, – November 2020 – Page No.: 99-104

Humor in the form of satirical popular TV shows has proliferated in the Anglo-Saxon culture as well as other parts of the world. Undertaking a discourse analysis approach, this piece engages with the political narratives put forward by the Israeli satirical TV show “Eretz Nehederet”, consisting of parodies on contemporary international, regional and internal affairs. The political motivation of the show is central to the show’s creators who define themselves openly as beleaguered left-wing activists denouncing the occupation and the dominance of the right-wing party, the Likud. As such, can the popular Israeli show Eretz Nehederet be identified as a form of resistance? This research investigates the subversive potential of humor in framing an understanding of security in terms of emotion, rather than “political change”. By drawing on the concept of transformative resistance framed by James C. Scott, I argue that satire is a form of non-transformative resistance with the potential to contest or re-negotiate dominant conceptions of security and the Other. Finally, this study exposes the way in which “security” permeates society as a form of life and observes a range of affective dimensions embedded within discourses and practises in contemporary Israeli society.

Page(s): 99-104                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 November 2020

 Chloé Bernadaux
Institute for Middle East and Balkan Studies (IFIMES)

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[16] Odysseos, Louiza (2001) Laughting matters: peace democracy and the challenge of comic narrative.Millennium, 30 (3).
[17] Ördén H. 2018. Instilling judgement: counter-narratives of humour, fact and logic,Critical Studies on Security, 6:1, 15-32, DOI: 10.1080/21624887.2017.1377593
[18] Scott, J. C. 2009. La domination et les arts de la résistance : fragments du discours subalterne. Paris: Ed. Amsterdam.
[19] Shifman, Limor. 2012. “Satire in the Holy Wonderland: The Comic Framing of Arab Leaders in Israel”. Popular Communication. 10 (1-2): 94-105.

Chloé Bernadaux, “Humour and resistance in security studies An analysis of the Israeli TV show “Eretz Nehederet”” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp. 99-104 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/99-104.pdf

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Retirement Planning and Post Retirement Entrepreneurship in Nigeria: Investigating the Moderating Influence of Emotional Intelligence Development
Inemesit N. Ebito, Ph.D, Victor A. Umoh, Ph.D, Stella I. Ufot, Ph.D- November 2020 – Page No.: 105-110

Life after retirement for majority of retirees is not a rosy one owing to ineffective preparation and initiatives by employers to encourage retiring employees to embrace entrepreneurship has only achieved little. This study investigated the moderating influence of emotional intelligence development on the relationship between retirement planning and post retirement entrepreneurship in Nigeria. The study employed questionnaire in surveying the opinions of 118 retirees who willingly participated in the survey in Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria and recorded 53.5% response rate. Analysis of data was done with multiple regression analysis. The study established that there was significant relationship between retirement planning and post retirement entrepreneurship in Nigeria. The study also established a significant indirect effect of emotional intelligence development (0.621, p<0.05) on retirement planning and post retirement entrepreneurship relationship in Nigeria. It was recommended that emotional intelligence development be made an essential aspect of entrepreneurship development component of retirement planning programme; it was also recommended that retirement planning in future should be comprehensive enough to gauge the capabilities and interests of retiring employees before a more expansive training in their area(s) of interest.

Page(s): 105-110                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 November 2020

 Inemesit N. Ebito, Ph.D
Department of Business Management, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria

  Victor A. Umoh, Ph.D
Department of Business Management, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria

  Stella I. Ufot, Ph.D
Department of Business Education, College of Education, Afaha Nsit, Nigeria

[1] Ahmetoglu, G., Leutner, F. & Chamorro-Premuzic, T.(2011). EQ-nomics: Understanding the relationship between individual differences in Trait Emotional Intelligence and entrepreneurship. Personality and Individual Differences, 51(8): 1028–1033.
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[4] Federal Republic of Nigeria, Pension Reform Act (2014).National Pension Commission, Abuja
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[7] Helman,R.; Adams,J.; Copeland, C. and VanDerhei, J. (2013).The Retirement Confidence Survey: Perceived Savings Needs Outspace Reality for Many. Employee Benefit Research Institute Issue Brief, No.384, March.
[8] Kamalian, A. and Fazel, A. (2011). Examining the relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Students’Entrepreneurship, Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, 3(11): 127-146.
[9] Kaur, A. (2017).Risk Taking Behaviour of Secondary School Students in relation to Emotional Intelligence, Scholarly Research Journal forHumanity, Science and English Languish, 49(2):11-20.
[10] Kundu, D.(2015). A Case Study on Role of Emotional Intelligence on Risk Taking and Wealth Creation Behaviour among Women Entrepreneurs, Research Review Journal, 4(5): 530-534.
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[12] Naseer, Z., Chisti, S., Rahman, F. &Jumani, N.B. (2011). Impact of emotional intelligence on team performance in higher education institutes. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 3(1):30-46.
[13] Neghabi, S. and Mohamad, K. (2012). The relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Entrepreneurial Behavior, Journal of Military Physician, 14( 2): 123-128.
[14] Ngah, R & Salleh, Z. (2015). Emotional Intelligence and Entrepreneurs’ innovativeness towards Entrepreneurial Success: A Preliminary Study. Malaysian Academy of Entrepreneurship and SME Development, Faculty of Business Management, Universities Teknologi MARA
[15] Okechwukwu, E. and Ugwu, S. (2011).The Laws and Administration of Retirement in Nigeria: A historical approach. Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 1(2): 1-10.
[16] Onoyase, A. (2013).Financial Planning Strategies towards Retirement as perceived by potential retirees in Universities in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 4(14):256-263.
[17] Preacher, K. & Hayes, A. (2004). SPSS and SAS Procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behaviour Research Methods, Instruments and Computers, Journal of Psychonomic Society36(4):717-731
[18] Rafiq, M., Naseer, Z. & Ali, B. (2011). Impact of emotional intelligence on organizational learning capability. International Journal of Academic Research, 3(4): 321-325.
[19] Townsend, P. (1981). The Structured Dependency of the Elderly: A creation of Social Policy in the Twentieth Century. Aging and Society,1(1): 5-28.
[20] Udofot, P.O. (2012). Building a Link between Retirement Planning in the Civil Service and Entrepreneurship Development in Nigeria. Canadian Social Science, 8 (4): 132-139.
[21] Zampetakis, LA, Kafetsios, K., Bouranta, N., Dewett, T., and Moustakis (2009). On the relationship between emotional intelligence and entrepreneurial attitudes and intentions. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior S Research, 15 (6), 595-618.

Inemesit N. Ebito, Ph.D, Victor A. Umoh, Ph.D, Stella I. Ufot, Ph.D, “Retirement Planning and Post Retirement Entrepreneurship in Nigeria: Investigating the Moderating Influence of Emotional Intelligence Development” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp. 105-110 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/105-110.pdf

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Strength Measurement on Additive Manufactured Specimens
Juraj Beniak, Miloš Matúš, Ľubomír Šooš, Peter Križan – November 2020 – Page No.: 111-114

When using some technology for production of final parts, it is necessary to know what parameters will be reached. If this parameters are sufficient for selected purpose. The same situation is with using of new or specific materials. It is necessary to test it formerly. It is necessary to test and figure out what is the strength of selected material. In additive manufacturing are used more technologies which works with wide spectrum of materials. Such technologies use materials in different forms, as liquid, powder or solid state.
Presented paper deal withtesting of specimens which are produced on additive manufacturing device.Used device is 3D printer from the group of Fused Deposition Modeling technology (or Fused Filament Fabrication), which work with polymers filaments. Processed experiment is focused to measuring of tensile strength of produces specimens. Shape and dimensions are designed by standards. Material of produced specimens is polylactic acid (PLA), what is ecological polymer. Paper brings results about tensile strength of PLA material produced by different settings regarding prepared design of experiment.

Page(s): 111-114                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 01 December 2020

 Juraj Beniak
Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Nam. Slobody 17, 812 31 Bratislava

 Miloš Matúš
Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Nam. Slobody 17, 812 31 Bratislava

 Ľubomír Šooš
Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Nam. Slobody 17, 812 31 Bratislava

 Peter Križan
Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Nam. Slobody 17, 812 31 Bratislava

[1] Rapid Prototyping & Manufacturing Technologies, IC LEARNING SERIES, the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Industrial Centre
[2] PHAM, Duc-Truong; Dimov, Stefan;: Rapid Prototyping, A time compression tool, Manufacturing engineering centre, Cardiff University
[3] Beniak, J.; Rapid prototyping and accuracy of created models, In: ERIN, – ISSN 1337-9089. roč. 5, č. 6 (2012), s. 2-9
[4] Harris, William. “How long does it take for plastics to biodegrade?” 15 December2010.HowStuffWorks.com.<http://science.howstuffworks.com/science-vs-myth/everyday-myths/how-long-does-it-take-for-plastics-to-biodegrade.htm> 21 June 2015.
[5] Shah, A.; Hasan, F.; Hameed, S. Biological Degradation of Plastics: A Comprehensive Review. Biotechnol. Adv. 2008, 26, 246-265.
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[7] Chua, C. K., Leong, K. F., Lim, C. S., Rapid Prototyping, Principles and Applications, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, World Scientific Co. Pte. Ltd, 2003, ISBN 981-238-117-1
[8] Lipina, Jan – Kopec, Petr – Krys, Václav. Tensile tests on samples manufactured by the rapid prototyping technology in comparison with the commercially manufactured material. In SAMI 2015 IEEE 13th International Symposium on Applied Machine Intelligence and Informatics, Proceedings, 2015-01-01, pp. 325-328.,
[9] Beniak, Juraj. Systémy Rapid Prototyping. 1. vyd. Bratislava : Nakladateľstvo STU, 2014. 133 s., 82 obr., 31 tab. ISBN 978-80-227-4287-0
[10] Liu, Wenjie& Zhou, Jianping& Ma, Yuming& Wang, Jie&Xu, Jie. (2017). Fabrication of PLA Filaments and its Printable Performance. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 275. 012033. 10.1088/1757-899X/275/1/012033.
[11] Antoniac, Iulian&Popescu, Diana &Zapciu, Aurelian &Antoniac, Aurora &Miculescu, Florin & Moldovan, Horatiu. (2019). Magnesium Filled Polylactic Acid (PLA) Material for Filament Based 3D Printing. Materials. 12(5). 10.3390/ma12050719.
[12] Kumar, Ranvijay& Singh, Rupinder& Farina, Ilenia. (2018). On the 3D printing of recycled ABS, PLA and HIPS thermoplastics for structural applications. PSU Research Review. 2. 10.1108/PRR-07-2018-0018.
[13] Shady Farah, Daniel G. Anderson, Robert Langer, Physical and mechanical properties of PLA, and their functions in widespread applications — A comprehensive review, Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews,
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[15] Liu, Wenjie& Zhou, Jianping& Ma, Yuming& Wang, Jie&Xu, Jie. (2017). Fabrication of PLA Filaments and its Printable Performance. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 275. 012033. 10.1088/1757-899X/275/1/012033.
[16] Heechang Kim, Eunju Park, Suhyun Kim, Bumsoo Park, Namhun Kim, Seungchul Lee, Experimental Study on Mechanical Properties of Single- and Dual-material 3D Printed Products, Procedia Manufacturing, Volume 10, 2017, Pages 887-897, ISSN 2351-9789, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2017.07.076.
[17] Dudek, Piotr. (2013). FDM 3D Printing Technology in Manufacturing Composite Elements. Archives of Metallurgy and Materials. 58. 10.2478/amm-2013-0186.
[18] Sai, P.Chennakesava&Yeole, Shivraj. (2014). Fused Deposition Modeling – Insights, Conference: International Conference on Advances in Design & Manufacturing (ICAD&M’14) At: National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Volume: III
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Juraj Beniak, Miloš Matúš, Ľubomír Šooš, Peter Križan “Strength Measurement on Additive Manufactured Specimens” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.111-114 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/111-114.pdf

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Influence of Media Psychology and Students’ Perception on Electronic Gedgets for Learning in University of Port Harcourt: Faculty of Education Experience
Akpan Kufre Paul, Abraham, Uwem Paul- November 2020 – Page No.: 115-118

This study was carried out on Influence of Media Psychology and Students’ perception on electronic gadgets for learning in University of Port Harcourt, faculty of Education Experience. Three objectives of the study and three research questions were used for the study. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The population of the study comprised of the entire 400-level undergraduate students in Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt for 2019/2020 academic session which is five hundred and thirty-two (532) while the sample of the study was two hundred and fifty-two (252) students using simple random sampling technique. Mean and Standard deviation were the statistical tools used in the study. It was found that there is a positive influence of media psychology on the undergraduate students on the use of electronic gadgets for learning in Faculty of Education. Furthermore, the study also revealed that those undergraduate students in faculty of education have positive perception on the use of electronic gadgets for learning. In terms of electronic gadgets influence, it was found out that there is no significant influence of electronic gadgets on the male and female students in faculty of education who use them for learning. Based on these findings, the study recommends that Media psychology should be introduce as a course at the undergraduate level in Faculty of Education since it has a positive influence on the learners especially when it comes to the utilization of electronic gadgets for learning.

Page(s): 115-118                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 December 2020

 Akpan Kufre Paul
Department of Curriculum Studies and Educational Technology, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

  Abraham, Uwem Paul
Department of Statistics, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot Osurua, Nigeria

[1] Akbari, E., Eghtesad, S., & Simons,R. (2012). Students’ attitude towards the use of social media for learning. Retrieved on 3-02-2020 from http://conference.pixel-online.net/ICT4LL2012.
[2] Brotex, N & Hoffman, E. (2015). Social media and learning environments: Shifting perspective on the locus of control in education. 15(2), (Special Issue Technology & Social Media, Part 1).
[3] Jordan, A. B (2014). The Role of Media in Children’s development: An Ecological Perspective. Journal of Development and Behavioural Prediatrics 25 (3), 196- 206.
[4] Kaplan, A. &Haenlein, M. (2010). Users of the world, unite! The challenge and opportunities of social media. Business Horizons. 53, 59-68.
[5] Munoz, C., & Terri, T., (2011). “Back to the Wall”: Facebook in the college classroom. Retrieved on 12-02-2020
[6] Sieger S. P, Malik S. & Singh P (2016) Media Participant and Factors Affecting Academic Performance of Students. Indian Journal of Research 5(4) 176-178.
[7] Simonsson, M. (2014). Technology use of Hispanic bilingual teachers: A function of their beliefs, attitudes and perceptions on peer technology use in the classroom. Journal of Instructional Technology, 31(3).
[8] Tasir., Z, Harun, J., & Limp, N., (2012). Student’s perception towards the use of social networking as an e-learning platform. Retrieved on 02-02-2020 from Students perception.
[9] Williams, F & Surjono H. D (2015). The effect of multimedia and learning style on student achievement in online electronic course. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology. 14(1): 112-116

Akpan Kufre Paul1, Abraham, Uwem Paul “Influence of Media Psychology and Students’ Perception on Electronic Gedgets for Learning in University of Port Harcourt: Faculty of Education Experience” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.115-118 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/115-118.pdf

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Organizational Climate and Teachers’ Job Satisfaction in Public Primary Schools in Rivers State, Nigeria: The Planning Implications

Iwuoha, Faith Mbua & Ohia, Adanma Ngozi Ph.D- November 2020 – Page No.: 119-124

This study investigated organizational climate and teachers’ job satisfaction in public primary schools in Rivers State, Nigeria. Three research questions and three corresponding hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted correlational research design. The population consisted of 5,657 public primary school teachers. A sample of 560 public primary school teachers was drawn from the population using stratified random sampling technique. Two instruments titled “Organizational Climate Scale” (OCS) and “Teachers’ Job Satisfaction Scale” (TJSS) were used for data collection. The validities of the instruments were ensured by experts. The Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficients of (OCS) was 0.75 and TJSS was 0.87. Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to answer the research questions while probability value of their corresponding hypotheses was subjected to 0.05 Alpha level. It was found that there is significant independent positive relationship between working relationship, leadership style, job location and teachers’ job satisfaction in public primary schools respectively. The study concluded that working relationship, leadership style, and job location which are the variables of organizational climate in this study have significant positive relationship with teachers’ job satisfaction in primary schools in Rivers State. Recommendations include; teachers should always develop good working relationships with their colleagues and other individuals in the school environment. School heads should be dynamic in their leadership style so as to accommodate everyone and educational planners should assist in mapping areas where schools can be sited as this will encourage teachers to perform their jobs creditably.

Page(s): 119-124                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 December 2020

 Iwuoha, Faith Mbua1
Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

  Ohia, Adanma Ngozi Ph.D
Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

Achuonye, K.A.(2008). Trends in Nigerian Educational Innovations.(2nd ed,) Port Harcourt: Pearl Publishers.
[2] Adieie, E, Obasi,K, & Ohia, A (2017) Fundamentals of Educational Planning. Port Harcourt: Harey Publications.
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[4] Federal Republic of Nigeria (2014).National Policy on Education Abuja : NERDC Publishers.
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[6] Mark, A.B. (2011). Relationship between motivation, leadership style and job performance of teachers in public secondary schools in Abia State. Unpublished B.Ed project of Abia State University.
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[8] Obasi, F.N. (2007). Organizational Climate: Its effect on teachers and educational standards in Imo State. Journal of Education in Developing Areas(JEDA) 16 (1), 76-91 Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
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Iwuoha, Faith Mbua & Ohia, Adanma Ngozi Ph.D., “Organizational Climate and Teachers’ Job Satisfaction in Public Primary Schools in Rivers State, Nigeria: The Planning Implications” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.119-124 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/119-124.pdf

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A Comprehensive Study on Coping Mechanism with Climate Change of Coastal Areas in Bangladesh
Shifat Ara- November 2020 – Page No.: 125-130

Bangladesh is considered one of the country’s most at risk to the effects of climate change and its coastal area is most vulnerable. Bangladeshi coastal communities are continuously adopting self-instinct survival strategies in order to cope with changing climatic conditions. Almost every year Bangladesh suffers highly by different kinds of disasters like flood, tropical cyclones, tornados, tidal surges, droughts and large scale river erosion etc. Bangladesh is a low lying delta with very gentle slopes. It is located at the lowest end of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Basin. Bangladesh has special geographical feature. This paper discusses the impact of climate change on livelihoods and documents current and future adaptation strategies of the Bangladeshi coastal communities from documentary sources. Later, it undertook validation processes of these finding by field visits, observations and Focus Group Discussions. The findings suggest that climate change effects on local community may include, but not limited to, livelihood, migration and health in Bangladesh.

Page(s): 125-130                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 03 December 2020

 Shifat Ara
PhD Fellow, Bangabandhu Science & Technology Fellowship Trust .Dhaka, Bangladesh

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Shifat Ara, “A Comprehensive Study on Coping Mechanism with Climate Change of Coastal Areas in Bangladesh International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.125-130 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/125-130.pdf

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Millet value chain and profit of producers, processors and marketers in Kano state
Ibrahim Uba, Ahmed B. Mohammed and Sunusi Y. Ahmad- November 2020 – Page No.: 131-133

The study analyzes the value chain of millet on the profits of producers, processors and marketers for the sample of 127 farmers in Kano state, using structures questioners and OLS technique. The estimated outcome of the millet producer’s model show that labour, seeds, fertilizer, pesticides, total cost and the level of education increase the profit of producers in Kano state. The result also illustrate that from the model of millet processors, labour, transports, total cost, other cost, age and the level of education enhance their profit level. In addition, the estimated model of marketers reveals a positive linkage among total cost, other cost and profit level. Therefore, it is suggest that policy should be toward enhancing farmer’s productivity and profits through the provision of incentives, extensions services and new technologies.

Page(s): 131-133                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 December 2020

 Ibrahim Uba
Kano state college of education and preliminary studies, Nigeria

  Ahmed B. Mohammed
Bayero University Kano, Nigeria

  Sunusi Y. Ahmad
Kano University of technology, Wudil, Nigeria

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[7] Mukhtar, U., Mohd, S., & Iliyasu, A. (2018). Application of Data Envelopment Analysis for Technical Efficiency of Small Holder Pearl Millet Farmers in Kano State, Nigeria. Bulgarian Journal of Agriculture Science, 24(2), 140–142.
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[10] Olugbenga, O. ., Lawal, A. ., & Awoyinka, Y. . (2016). Analysis of Supply function for Millet in Kaduna and Kano States, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics and Sociology, 3(6), 11–13.
[11] Reddy, A. A., Raju, S. S., Suresh, A., & Kumar, P. (2018). Analysis of pearl millet market structure and value chain in India. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, 8(2), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1108/JADEE-02-2016-0007
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Rabiu Abubakar Abba, Besar Bin Ngah “Influence of Media Psychology and Students’ Millet value chain and profit of producers, processors and marketers in Kano state International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.131-133 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/131-133.pdf

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Extraction of saponine from danfaraa plant roots from Gurhengwal town, Askira/Uba local government of Borno state Nigeria
Bala Adamu Thliza, Joseph Jauro Deshi and Edmond Moses- November 2020 – Page No.: 134-141

Danfaraa plant roots shows higher sorption behavior property as well as foamcapacity far better than some commercial surfactants eg, good mama that was used in the study. This saponin-based surfactant is significantly environmentally friendly and shows better biodegradability than the commercial surfactants. The natural surfactant from dafaraa. Cissus populnea plants roots will contribute to efforts in diversify the Nigerians economy, a way to solve the problem of non-biodegradable, high price and non-environmentally friendly phenomenon that exists in the production of comercial surfactant such as good mama and can add value to green chemistry and sustainable development and exploitation of the cleansing properties of saponin present in dafaraa plants.

Page(s): 134-141                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 December 2020

 Bala Adamu Thliza
Department of Chemistry, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B 1069 Maiduguri, Borno State.Nigeria.

  Joseph Jauro Deshi
Department of Chemistry, Modibbo Adama University of Technology Yola, P. M. B. 2076 Yola, Adamawa State Nigeria

  Edmond Moses
Department of Chemistry, Modibbo Adama University of Technology Yola, P. M. B. 2076 Yola, Adamawa State Nigeria

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[6] Chapagain, P. B. (2006). Characterization of Desert Data (Balanites aegpytiaca) Saponin sand their Biological Activities. Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. Ph.D. Thesis, 27- c- 32.
[7] Brotherton, J.G.H. 1969. The nomadic Fulani – Nigerian Field, 34:126-136. Soladoye, M. O. and Chukwuma, E.C. 2012.Quantitative phyto¬chemical profile of the leaves of Cissus populnea Guill. &Perr. (Vitaceae) – An important medicinal plant in Central Nigeria. – Arch. Appl. Sci. Res., 4(1): 200-206
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[15] Ninfaa, D.A., Maalekuu, B.K., and Akurugu, G. K. (2014). Post-harvest handling of the Edible Parts (Leaves and Fruits) of the Desert Date (Balanitesaegyptiaca) a case Study in the Jirapa and Nadowli Districts of the Upper West Region of Ghana. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences. 4 (2): 1-11.
[16] Odebiyi, O.O., Sofowora, E.A. (1978). Phytochemical Screening of Nigerian Medicinal Plants. L1oydia, 41(3): 234-246.
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[21] Sofowora, A. (1993). Medicinal plants and traditional medicine in Africa.2nd ed. Spectrum Books Ltd., Ibadan, Nigerian, pp. 289.

Bala Adamu Thliza, Joseph Jauro Deshi and Edmond Moses”Influence of Media Psychology and Students’ Extraction of saponine from danfaraa plant roots from Gurhengwal town, Askira/Uba local government of Borno state Nigeria International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.134-141 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/134-141.pdf

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Integrated Assessment of the Air Quality around the Environs of Dr. Abubakar Sola Saraki Memorial Abattoir, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
Sawyerr H.O PhD, Opasola O.A, Oluwatuyi S.V, Ayinla L.O, Dada A.A, Oguntade S.A, Salami J.T – November 2020 – Page No.: 142-146

Environmental media of Dr. Abubakar Sola Saraki memorial abattoir, Akerebiata, Ilorin. The quality of air around the abattoir was assessed for PM2.5, PM10, HCHO and Volatile Organic Compounds. Result revealed that analyzed data were above WHO standards, the increase in the values could be due to burning of animal and pollution from animal waste which has deleterious effect of living organisms and system. It was revealed some these pollutants has relative high and low readings in the day and at dawn respectively which is also applicable to the temperature readings. High temperature is favorable to thermophiles biological activities eveidently shown by the outpour of gases. There could be consideration towards re-siting of the abattoir to a different location. Recommendations were proffered which includes: Reduction of pollutants emitted from the abattoir through sensitization of butchers and meat sellers in the abattoir, Government agencies should swing into action to regulate the level of pollutants released into the environment on routine basis while also empower the EHOs to step up routine inspection of Abattoirs to eliminate foreseeable threats to public health.

Page(s): 142-146                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 December 2020

 Sawyerr H.O (PhD)
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

 Opasola O.A
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

 Oluwatuyi S.V
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria
Department of Public Health, Ekiti State College of Health Sciences and Technology, Ijero-Ekiti, Nigeria

 Ayinla L.O
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

 Dada A.A
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

 Oguntade S.A
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

 Salami J.T
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

[1]. Adelegan, J.A (2002) ‘Environmental policy and slaughterhouse waste in Nigeria, Proceedings of the 28thWEDC conference Kolkata (Calcutta) India.Pg 3-6
[2]. Adesemoye, A. O., Opere, B. O., &Makinde, S. C. O. (2006).Microbial Content of abattoir waste water and itscontaminated soil in Lagos, Nigeria.African Journal of Biotechnology, 5(20), 1963-1968.Air quality and health” www.who.int.Accessed July 2012.
[3]. Air Quality Index (AQI) “A Guide to Air Quality and Your Health”. US EPA. December 2011. Accessed August2012.
[4]. Alo, B (2008) “Contribution of road transportation to environmental degradation in Nigeria’s urban cities”. Paper presented in Lamata Annual National Conference of public transportation in Nigeria.
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[6]. Dung-Gwom J.Y. and Magaji, J.Y (2007) ‘The Environmental Health Problems Associated with Solid waste Management in Gwagwalada, Abuja.The Abuja journal of Geography and Development.1(1), pg 110-126.
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[9]. Miller K. A., Siscovick D. S., Sheppard L., Shepherd K., Sullivan J. H., Anderson G. L., Kaufman J. D. (2007). “Long-term exposure to air pollution and incidence of cardiovascular events in women.[Research Support, N.I.H., ExtramuralResearch Support, U.S. Gov’t, Non-P.H.S.]”.The New England journal ofmedicine 356.
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Sawyerr H.O PhD, Opasola O.A, Oluwatuyi S.V, Ayinla L.O, Dada A.A, Oguntade S.A, Salami J.T “Effect of Fertilizer use to the Environment and the Determinant to Choice of the Nutrient Management Planning Techniques by Farmers in South East, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.142-146 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/142-146.pdf

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Evaluation of the Quality of Meat in Dr. Abubakar Sola Saraki Memorial Abattoir Akerebiata, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
Sawyerr H.O (PhD), Ayinla L.O, Opasola O.A, Oluwatuyi S.V, Dada A.A, Oguntade S.A, Salami J.T – November 2020 – Page No.: 147-150

Meat quality is a public health issue that requires serious attention of Environmental Health Scientist and the general public. We are what we eat! The rate at which meat animals are handled, slaughter dressed, transported, sold and prepared has a lot of impact on the meat quality. In most cases, butchers give little or no attention to the quality of meat sold at slaughter houses and abattoir in Nigeria which is dangerous to public health. The study was carried out to evaluate the quality of meat in Dr. Abubakar Sola Saraki memorial abattoir, Akerebiata, Ilorin.
Microbial analysis was carried out on the beef part (offal, carcass and skin). Five organisms were isolated namely: Escherichia coli, staphylococcus, Klebsiella, Shigella and Salmonella and this is attributed to unhygienic practices in the abattoir.Efforts should be made by EHS personnel and the government to regulate meat handling and sale through routine inspection of abattoir and slaughter houses in order to protect consumer health and prevent possible threats to consumers.

Page(s): 147-150                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 December 2020

 Sawyerr H.O (PhD)
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

 Ayinla L.O
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

 Opasola O.A
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

 Oluwatuyi S.V
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria
Department of Public Health, Ekiti State College of Health Sciences and Technology, Ijero-Ekiti, Nigeria

 Dada A.A
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

 Oguntade S.A
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

 Salami J.T
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

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[10]. Katarzyna, R. A., Monkiewicz, J., &Andrzej, G. (2009). Lead, cadmium, arsenic, copper and zinc contents in hair of cattle living in the area contaminated by a copper smelter in 2006-2008. Bull Vet Inst Pulawy,53, 703-706.
[11]. Norrung, B., J. K. Anderson, and S. Buncic. 2009. Main Concerns of Pathogenic Microorganisms in Meat. In Safety of Meat and Processed Meat (Toldra F.), Part I, Springer New York, pp 3-29.
[12]. Nouichi S, Hamdi TM. 2009. Superficial Bacterial Contamination of Ovine and Bovine Carcasses at ElHarrach Slaughterhouse (Algeria). Europ. J. Scientific Res. 38(3): 474-485.
[13]. Nouichi S, Hamdi TM. 2009. Superficial Bacterial Contamination of Ovin Carcasses at ElHarrach Slaughterhouse (Algeria). Europ. J. Scientific Res. 38(3): 474-485.
[14]. WHO. (2009). Food safety and food borne illness. Factsheets of the Programmes and Projects of WHO. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/fact-sheets/fs237/en/

Sawyerr H.O (PhD), Ayinla L.O, Opasola O.A, Oluwatuyi S.V, Dada A.A, Oguntade S.A, Salami J.T “Evaluation of the Quality of Meat in Dr. Abubakar Sola Saraki Memorial Abattoir Akerebiata, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.147-150 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/147-150.pdf

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Effects of Climate Change on Food Security among Farmers in Some Selected Communities in Edu Local Government Area, Kwara State, Nigeria
Ayinla Lateefah Olajumoke, Henry Olawale Sawyerr, Shegun Victor Oluwatuyi- November 2020 – Page No.: 151-156

Introduction: Food security is an essential element of overall wellbeing and sustainability of the wealth a nation. Several publications has discussed climate change and its general impact on local or rural farmers and their food security, global warming, health, etc. but relatively fewer studies has been done focusing on the better adaptation techniques and technology for rural farmers in developing nations like Nigeria.
Aim & Objectives:This study aim to assess the effects of climate change on food security with its objectives as; assess the knowledge of the farmers on the climate change issues; determine the impacts of climate change on food security and identify adaptations options that can enhance farmers and community resistance to climate change effects with reference to food security.
Methodology: Quantitative questionnaires were administered to Hundred and Sixty-Seven (167) respondent farmers across randomly selected community from a total of one hundred. The data were organized, sorted, edited, coded and analyzed with Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22.0 with Microsoft Excel 2010.
Result: The farmers according to the result above are inaccessible to rain forecast information for the past 5 years for any rainy season, since the p-value (0.108) is more than α=0.05. The findings in this study revealed that most of the farmer adopted expansion of cultivated land as measure adopted to reduce exposure to the risk of climate change
Conclusion: It was concludes that climate change has impact on food security in the study area. It was therefore recommended that Predictions should be in place to help develop appropriate interventions

Page(s): 151-156                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 December 2020

 Ayinla Lateefah Olajumoke
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

 Henry Olawale Sawyerr
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

 Shegun Victor Oluwatuyi
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

[1]. Adejuwon, S.A. (2004). Impacts of climate variability and climate change on crop yield in Nigeria. Paper presented at the stakeholders’ workshop on assessment of impacts and adaptation to climate change (AIACC), Conference Centre, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. Pp 271-279.
[2]. Adefolalu, D.A. (2007). Climate change and economic sustainability in Nigeria. Paper presented at the International conference on climate change, NnamdiAzikiweUniver-sity, Awka.
[3]. Ahmed, F.F., Yusuf, A.B. and Shamaki, M.N. (2016).Implications of climate of food security in Taraba South, Nigeria.European Virtual Conference on Management Sciences and Economics Journal.1: 29-47.
[4]. Bello, O. B., Ganiyu, O.T., Wahab, M.K., Afolabi, M., Oluleye, F., Mahmud, J., Azeez, M.A. and Abdulmaliq, S.Y. (2012).Evidence of Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture and Food Security in Nigeria.International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. 2(2): 49-55.
[5]. FAO.(1996), World Food Summit, Corporate Document Repository. Rome, Italy.
[6]. Food and Agricultural Organization (2007). Adaptation to climate change in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries: Perspective, Framework and Priorities.
[7]. Greg E.E., Anam, B.E., William, M.F., Duru, E.J.C. (2011). Climate change, food security and Agricultural productivity in Africa: Issues and policy directions. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science. 1(21): 203-223.
[8]. Idowu, A. A., Ayoola, S. O., Opele, A. I., &Ikenweiwe, N. B. (2011). Impact of climate change in Nigeria.Iranica Journal of Energy & Environment, 2(2), 145-152.
[9]. Idumah, F. O., Mangodo, C., Ighodaro, U. B., &Owombo, P. T. (2016). Climate change and food production in Nigeria: implication for food security in Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Science, 8(2), 74-83.
[10]. Ikyase, J.K. and Iloh, J.O. (2014).The Implication of Climate Change on Food Security in Nigeria.Journal of Good Governance and sustainable Development in Africa (JGGSDA). 2(3): 33-41.
[11]. Jagtap S. (2007). Managing vulnerability to extreme weather and climate events: Implications for agriculture and food security in Africa. Proceedings of the International Confe-rence on Climate Change and Economic Sustainability held at NnamdiAzikiwe University, Enugu, Nigeria. Pp 45-52.

Ayinla Lateefah Olajumoke, Henry Olawale Sawyerr, Shegun Victor Oluwatuyi “Effects of Climate Change on Food Security among Farmers in Some Selected Communities in Edu Local Government Area, Kwara State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.151-156 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/151-156.pdf

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Effect of Indoor Air Pollution on Man’s Health in Ado Metropolis, Ekiti State, South-Western Nigeria
Opasola O.A, Adiama B.Y., Oluwatuyi V.S, Salami J.T, Dada A.A – November 2020 – Page No.: 157-164

This research work was carried out to investigate the effects of indoor air pollution on man’s health in Ado Metropolis of Ekiti State Nigeria. Indoor air pollution poses many challenges to man’s health. The objective of this research work is to assess the effect of indoor air pollution on residents of Ado Metropolis and ascertain the knowledge of the target group on the cause and effects of indoor air pollution. Using a stratified random sampling technique, One hundred questionnaires were designed and administered to the respondents, the researchers also engaged personal interview and observation for proper interpretations, all data elicited were tabulated and analyzed using simple percentages and graphical representations where necessary. The study revealed that the level of indoor air pollution in Ado Metropolis is relatively high hence the risk of exposure is relative. It is easily seen that hazards associated with indoor air pollution have tremendously affected the health of people in the community owing to different complaint of respiratory illness and secondary data showing the number of respiratory related illness from 2018 – 2019. It was therefore concluded that regular exposure to indoor pollutants has negative impact or effect on the health of Ado residents. More worrisome is the several attempts of some of the respondent in self-management of the effects of indoor air pollution which is very dangerous. It was therefore recommended that regular exposure to heat radiation should be discouraged by providing adequate ventilation in various homes while Government and enforcement agencies should help in enacting laws that will regulate the production of materials that will generate carbon monoxide, EHOs should also engage in public awareness to reduce exposure and perpetual non-adherence to health and safety rules.

Page(s): 157-164                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 December 2020

 Opasola O.A
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University Malete, Nigeria

 Adiama B.Y.
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University Malete, Nigeria

 Oluwatuyi V.S
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University Malete, Nigeria

 Salami J.T
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University Malete, Nigeria

 Dada A.A
Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University Malete, Nigeria

[1] AnnaleeYasset al (2002) Basic Environmental Health Oxford University Press, USA 209-237pp.
[2] Enger and Smith (2008): Problems of indoor air pollution, U.K
[3] Folins Bee (2007): Human health effects of air pollution
[4] Hodges Laurent (2008): Environmental Pollution New York
[5] Luca O. and Gilles (2003): Short text book public Health medicine for the tropics 4th Edition, Oxford University press line.
[6] Olorundaet al (2001): a technical handbook of environmental Health in the 21stcentury for professional and students, His mercy publisher, Ondo State.
[7] Oluwande P.A (2008): A guide to tropical environmental Health and Engineering Niser Ibadan.
[8] Tones K, Tilford S and Robinson Y (1990) health education, effective and efficiency London Chapman and Hail.
[9] Tyler MellerG.JR(204) living the environmental principals connections and solutions 10th edition Klaosworth Publishing Co. Ny462 – 487pp Waldboth George L. (2005): Health effect of environmental pollutants St. Lovis. The CV Mosb, Company.
[10] Waldbott George L. {2005}: Health effect of Environmental pollutants St. Louis. The C.V mosb, company.

Opasola O.A, Adiama B.Y., Oluwatuyi V.S, Salami J.T, Dada A.A “Effect of Indoor Air Pollution on Man’s Health in Ado Metropolis, Ekiti State, South-Western Nigeria ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.157-164 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/157-164.pdf

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Solutions for small business strategic management
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Nguyen Doan Khoi, – November 2020 – Page No.: 165-168

This paper focused on discussing the possible ways small business can develop and adopt strategies in order to make some general concepts for the actors of a given environment. The study is about small businesses, their features and dynamics in the course of making use of the tools and techniques in strategic management. It investigates how small businesses, in their course of building competitive advantage, make strategic decisions, and the factors related to the mere smallness of such businesses as affecting strategic choice are discussed.

Page(s): 165-168                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 December 2020

 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Nguyen Doan Khoi
Department of Scientific Research Affairs, Can Tho University

[1] Baird, I.S, and Lyles, M.A (1994) ‘The choice of international strategies by small businesses’, Journal of Small Business Management, 32 (1), PP 48-60.
[2] Burns, P. and Jim. D. (Eds.), (1989). Small Business and Entrepreneurship, Macmillan Education Ltd., Hong Kong.
[3] Clark, S. (1999). ‘How to take a SWOT at Strategic Management’, Puget Sound Business Journal, 20 (19) PP.22-
[4] Dean, T.J, Brown, Robert, L. B. and Charles E.B. (1998). ‘Differences in Large and Small Firm Responses to Environmental Context: Strategic Implications from a Comparative Analysis of Business formations’, Strategic Management Journal 19, PP.709-729
[5] Gadenne, D. (1998). ‘Critical Success Factors for Small Business: An Inter-industry Comparison’, International Small Business Journal, 17 (1) PP. 36-51
[6] Hunger, J.D. and Thomas, L.W. (1993). Strategic Management, 4th Ed. Addison-Wesley Publishing Co.
[7] Jennings P. and Graham, B. (1997). ‘The Performance and Competitive Advantage of Small Firms: A Management Perspective’, International Small Business Journal, 15 (2) PP. 63-73
[8] Johnson, G and Kevan, S. (1989). Exploring Corporate Strategy, Text and Cases, Prentice Hall, New Jercy.
[9] Lee K. S, Guan, H. L, and Soo, J.T, (1999). ‘Dealing with Resource Disadvantage: Generic Strategies for SMEs’ Small Business Economics, 12 (4) PP.299-311
[10] Mintzberg, H, and James, b. Q. (Eds.), ( 1996). The Strategy Process, Concepts, Contexts, Cases, 3rd Ed. Prentice-Hall International, New-Jersey.
[11] O’Gorman, C. and Roslyn. D. (1999). ‘Mission Statement in Small and Medium-Sized Businesses’, Journal of Small Business Management 37 (4). PP. 59-66
[12] Porter, M. (1985). Competitive Advantage, Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance, Free Press, New York.
[13] Proudfit, C. Competitive Strategy through Low Cost Leadership, http://www.skillsource.com/articles11.html
[14] Vossen, R.W. (1998). ‘Relative Strengths and Weaknesses of Small Firms in Innovation’, International Small Business Journal 16 (3) PP 89-93.
[15] Wilson, R.M. S, Colin, G. with David J.P. (1992). Strategic Marketing Management: Planning, Implementation and Control, Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd. London.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Nguyen Doan Khoi, “Solutions for small business strategic management” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.165-168 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/165-168.pdf

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Research that improves/informs educational practice: A Case of Kwame Nkrumah University in Zambia.
Jive Lubbungu, Dr. Annie Penda- November 2020 – Page No.: 169-173

Killion (2007) submits that research is helpful to teacher leaders and coaches for them to fully understand what they experience in their work, to make decisions, and to improve practice. Hemsley-Brown and Sharp (2004) add that there is need to create a culture in public sector which supports and values research. This study focuses on determing the extent to which research has improved/informed proffessional practice at Kwame Nkrumah University, in Zambia. Kwame Nkrumah University was opened in 1967 as a teacher training College until 2013 when it started transforming into a fully fledged university. The study conducted at this University was qualitative which involved 20 lecturers out of a population of 80 lecturers at the time of the study. Data collection instruments used was face-to face interviews. The study revealed that Kwame Nkrumah University has capacity to promote research among lecturers. It further revealed that there is capacity to improve professinal practice. It was also revealed that 10 to 20 lectures (25%) were actively inlvoved in research. The study further indicated that research has a lot of awards to lecturers and the institution alike. However, there were a number of challenges such as inadequate time for research due to teaching workloads, and lack of literature for local research. The study recommends increased funding to research activities and reduced teaching workloads to enable more lecturers get involved in research.

Page(s): 169-173                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 December 2020

 Jive Lubbungu
Kwame Nkrumah University, Zambia.P.O.BOX 80404 Kabwe

  Dr. Annie Penda
Kwame Nkrumah University, Zambia.P.O.BOX 80404 Kabwe

[1] Castle, S.D. (1998). Empowerment through knowledge, in;S.D. CASTLE (ED) Teacher empowerment through knowledge linking research and practice for school reform. Papers presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, 5-9 April.
[2] Hemsley-Brown, J.V. & Sharp, C. (20040. ‘The use of research to improve professional practice: a systematic review of the literature’, Oxford Review of Education. (forthcoming)
[3] Killion, J. (2007). Research can improve practice. N.P.: National Staff Development Council. Available on www.nsdc.org
[4] Merton, R.K. (1957). Social Theory and Social Structure.New York: The Free Press.
[5] Shekedi, A. (1998).Teachers attitudes towards research: a challenge for qualitative researchers. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 11,4,Pp. 559-577.
[6] Yellin, L.L. (199). ‘Role of Acquisition as a Social Process.’ Socialogical Inquiry. 69 (2).
[7] Zeuli, J. (1994). How do teachers understand research when they read it? Teaching and Teacher Education, 10,1,Pp. 39-55.

Jive Lubbungu, Dr. Annie Penda”Influence of Media Psychology and Students’ Research that improves/informs educational practice: A Case of Kwame Nkrumah University in Zambia. International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.169-173 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/169-173.pdf

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Business model of advanced production system – the case of Pangasius production in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Nguyen Doan Khoi- November 2020 – Page No.: 174-176

This article aimed to analyze the gaps between advanced production system and small-scale farmers production system in Pangasius industry. Moreover, it considers which measures can be taken to close the gaps and improve quality control at farm level. A financial analysis of the relationship between farming parameters and financial outcomes was presented by conducting a profitability assessment. The result assessed the economic implications of and the reasons for adopting advanced farming practices.

Page(s): 174-176                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 November 2020

 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Nguyen Doan Khoi
Department of Scientific Research Affairs, Can Tho University

[1] Binh, T.V, (2009), Analysis of Vietnam’s Pangasius industry in transition (1995-2007, PhD thesis, University of Antwerp, Belgium.
[2] Bush, S.R. Khiem, N.T. and Sinh, L.X. (2009), “Governing the environmental and social dimensions of Pangasius production in Vietnam: a review”, Aquaculture Economics and Management, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp.271-293.
[3] Flavio, C. Smith, S.F. Clausen, and J. (2007), A qualitative assessment of standards and certification schemes applicable to aquaculture in the Asia–Pacific Region, FAO
[4] Khoi, L.N.D. (2007), “Description of the Pangasius value chain in Vietnam”, CAS Discussion paper, No. 56, Centre for International Management and Development Antwerp, University of Antwerpen, Belgium.
[5] Khoi, L.N.D. Wijngaard, J. and Lutz, C. (2008), “Farming system practices of seafood production in Vietnam: the case study of Pangasius small-scale farming in the Mekong River Delta”, Asean business case studies, No. 27, Centre for International Management and Development Antwerp, University of Antwerp, Belgium.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Nguyen Doan Khoi, “Business model of advanced production system – the case of Pangasius production in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.174-176 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/174-176.pdf

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The Impact of Industrial Unrest on Selected Performance Outcomes of Health Institutions: A Case of Kiambu County, Kenya
Toro Andrew Jacob, Omondi Richard Mc’Otieno, Anne Omondi Kerubo- November 2020 – Page No.: 177-188

The Constitution 2010 devolved the responsibility of public health service delivery for primary and secondary health services to the counties in order to ensure that health services are brought closer to the citizens and to ensure efficient and effective management of the systems. However, in the years running 2015 – 2017, the health sector was hit by cases of labor unrest to unprecedented disruptions and interruptions in the health care management systems as envisioned in the Constitution 2010. Thus, this study aimed at establishing the impact that industrial unrest has had on the public health sector. The study adopted a descriptive – correlation and causal research design and targeted the health sector employees and administrators from Kiambu County. The data was analysed and specific statistical tools adopted included percentages, frequency, mean, standard deviation and analysis of variance 9ANOVA). The study established that the frequency of industrial unrest was more after devolving the management of the health sector and further established that industrial unrest has a high impact on the production efficiency and a low impact on organizational resources management, human resource management and social accountability and reactivity. Consequently, the study recommends that systems, measures and policies should be instituted to help address the various elements of the public health sector as assessed in the study.

Page(s): 177-188                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 11 December 2020

 Toro Andrew Jacob
University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, Kenya

  Omondi Richard Mc’Otieno
University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, Kenya

  Anne Omondi Kerubo
University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, Kenya

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[36] Twala, C., (2012). An analysis of the declining support for the ANC during the 2011 South Africa local government elections. The Journal for Trans disciplinary Research in South Africa. Vol 8, 22
[37] WHO (2003) “Measuring Hospital Performance to Improve the Quality of Care in Europe: A Need for Clarifying and Defining the Main Dimensions”, Barcelona, Report on a WHO Workshop, Spain, 10 – 11 January, 20

Toro Andrew Jacob, Omondi Richard Mc’Otieno, Anne Omondi Kerubo, “The Impact of Industrial Unrest on Selected Performance Outcomes of Health Institutions: A Case of Kiambu County, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.177-188 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/177-188.pdf

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The Religiosity Dimension in Ahmad Tohari’s Kumcer Smile Karyamin
Tri Hartini, Andayani, Atikah Anindyarini- November 2020 – Page No.: 189-193

One of the functions of literary works is to provide religious values. This study aims to describe the religiosity dimension in Ahmad Tohari’s collection of short stories Senyum Karyamin (Karyamin’s Smile). The method applied in this research is qualitative descriptive with note-taking technique. The results of this study found religiosity dimension in the form of a dimension of belief (ideology) in 6 data, a dimension of worship (ritualistic) in 4 data, knowledge (intellectual) in 4 data, and a dimension of experience (consequential) in 2 data.

Page(s): 189-193                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 11 December 2020

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2020.71101

 Tri Hartini
Department of Indonesian Language Education, Sebelas Maret University, Central Java, Indonesia

Department of Indonesian Language Education, Sebelas Maret University, Central Java, Indonesia

  Atikah Anindyarini
Department of Indonesian Language Education, Sebelas Maret University, Central Java, Indonesia

[1] Stanton, Robert. (2012). Teori Fiksi. Robert Stanton. (Edisi Terjemahan oleh. Sugihastuti dan Rossi). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
[2] Horace. (1985). Art Poetica. Inggris: Cambride University Press.
[3] Nurgiyantoro, Burhan. (2013). Teori Pengkajian Fiksi. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
[4] Hidayatullah. (2010). Pendidikan Karakter: Membangun Peradaban Bangsa. Surakarta: Yuma Pustaka.
[5] Ghufron & Risnawati. (2011). Teori-Teori Psikologi. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Madia.
[6] Bellah, Robert N. (2011). Religion in Human Evolution. London. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
[7] Glock and Stark. (1965). Religion and Society in Tension. Chicago: Rand McNally.
[8] Sumardjo, Jacob & Saini K.M. (2001). Apresiasi Kesusastraan. Jakarta: Gramedia
[9] Lathief, Supaat I. 2008. Sastra Eksistensialisme – Mistisisme Religius. Lamongan: Pustaka Ilalang.
[10] Geertz, Clifford. (1992). Kebudayaan dan Agama. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
[11] Jones, Lindsay. (2005). Encyclopedia of Religion Second Edition. Macmilan: Thomson Gale.
[12] Smith,W. C. (1963). The Meaning and End of Religion: A New Approach to the Religious Traditions of Mankind. New York: Macmillan.
[13] Jabrohim. (2012). Teori Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
[14] Arikunto, Suharsimi. (1988). Prosedur Penelitian; Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.

Tri Hartini, Andayani, Atikah Anindyarini,”The Religiosity Dimension in Ahmad Tohari’s Kumcer Smile Karyamin ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.189-193 November 2020 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2020.71101

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The Effect of Motivation on Employee Performance: A Case of Employees in Sub-District Bangil, Pasuruan, East Java, Indonesia
Akhmad Barizi, Wiyarni Wiyarni, Didik Priyo Sugiharto- November 2020 – Page No.: 194-198

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of salaries, working conditions, employee relationships, organizational policies, and personal improvement on employee performance in Sub-District Bangil, Pasuruan, East Java, Indonesia. The population of this study was 71 employees of the Sub-District Bangil. This study uses a census for sampling method, because the entire population is used as the sample. To test the hypothesis, multiple linear regression analysis was used with the F test and t test. The results of this study are as follows: (1) salary has a significant effect on performance (2) working condition has a significant effect on performance; (3) the relationship between employees has a significant effect on performance; (4) organizational policy has no significant effect on performance; and (5) personal improvement has a significant effect on performance.Based on these findings, it is advisable for the government to carry out various policies to improve employee performance by focusing more on the aspects of payroll, creating conducive working conditions, building positive employee relationships, and providing opportunities for personal improvement.

Page(s): 194-198                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 December 2020

 Akhmad Barizi
Postgraduate STIE Malangkucecwara Malang, East Java, Indonesia

  Wiyarni Wiyarni
Postgraduate STIE Malangkucecwara Malang, East Java, Indonesia

  Didik Priyo Sugiharto
Postgraduate STIE Malangkucecwara Malang, East Java, Indonesia

[1] Buchari, Zainun. 1989, Manajemen dan Motivasi, Balai Aksara, Jakarta.
[2] Dharma, Agus, 1995, Manajemen Prestasi Kerja, Rajawali, Jakarta.
[3] Gibson, Ivancevich, Donelly. 1996. Organisasi Perilaku, Struktur dan Proses. Alihbahasa Nunuk Adiarni. Edisi Kedelapan. Jilid Satu. Binarupa Aksara. Jakarta.
[4] Gitosudarmo, Indriyo. 2000. Perilaku Keorganisasian. Edisi Pertama. Cetakan Kedua. Penerbit BPFE. Yogyakarta.
[5] Hasibuan, Malayu S.P. 1996. Organisasi dan Motivasi; Dasar Peningkatan Produktivitas. Bumi Aksara. Jakarta.
[6] Mangkunegara, Anwar Prabu, 2001, Manajemen Sumber daya Manusia Perusahaan, Cetakan ketiga, PT. Remaja Rosdakarya Offset, Bandung.
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[9] Robbins, Stephen. 2001. Perilaku Organisasi. Alih Bahasa Hadyana Pujaatmaka dan Benyamin Molan. Penerbit Prenhallindo. Jakarta.
[10] Sugiono, 2007, Metode Penelitian Administrasi. Cetakan ke 15, CV Alfabeta, Bandung.
[11] Winardi. 2001. Motivasi dan Pemotivasian. Penerbit PT. Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta.

Akhmad Barizi, Wiyarni Wiyarni, Didik Priyo Sugiharto, “The Effect of Motivation on Employee Performance: A Case of Employees in Sub-District Bangil, Pasuruan, East Java, Indonesia ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.194-198 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/194-198.pdf

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An Analyses and Evaluation of Some Selected Factors towards Enhancing Interest in Teaching and Learning Mathematics
Adam Mustapha Garba- November 2020 – Page No.: 199-208

This study analyzed and evaluates some selected factors that can enhance the interest in mathematics. The factors are teachers related factor, students related factor, parents related factor, school related factor, community related factor, and government related factor. 97 questionnaires were randomly distributed to secondary school’s teachers of both public and private school in Jos Plateau state, were 85 questionnaires were systematically distributed to senior secondary school students. The data collected were analyzed using ordinal regression in SPSS Version 25. The results of the study reveal that there is an effective prediction between independent variables and dependent variable with 1.000 at P=.000. Moreover, this reveals there is a very strong significant relationship to (students, teachers, parent, school, community and government related factors towards interest in mathematics. It is recommended that assessment of teachers behaviour, qualification and use of ICT where school should remodel, restructure and equalized there aim to educational goals.

Page(s): 199-208                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 December 2020

 Adam Mustapha Garba
Department of Science and Technology Education, University of Jos, Nigeria

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[18] Zulber, D. (2004) the link between preschool mathematical knowledge and the charging cognitive ability of analogical thinking, masters dissertation, school of education. Remak Gan: Bar Ilan university.

Adam Mustapha Garba, “An Analyses and Evaluation of Some Selected Factors towards Enhancing Interest in Teaching and Learning Mathematics” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.199-208 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/199-208.pdf

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Sino – Lanka Relations: A Critical Study on Chinese Importance in Sri Lankan Economic Development
Abdur Rahman Mohammad Thamim, Md Mustafijur Rahman, Abu Rushd Muhammed Shaikh, Mohammad Shakhawat Hossain- November 2020 – Page No.: 209-227

China as an economic giant, desires for strategic interest in Asian countries to counter Indian rising. Sri- Lankan geopolitical location attracts China so that it can create a new hegemonic dimension in the Indian Ocean. This research aims to critically analyze to what extend Sri Lanka is more important to china and how china influence Sri Lanka’s economic development. Besides this paper focuses on how political, economic and strategic interests of the China works behind to make Sri Lanka more and more dependent on them with the economic investment to Lankan projects and trade activities. To find the answers, it aims to convince the changes in economic conditions in Sri Lanka due to the power and investments of China as their strategic plans. Chinese importance towards Lankan economy is discussed with neo-realism theory, realism and liberalism with the support of critical theories in International Relations. Relating Chinese strategy in Sri Lanka, economic development projects highlighted by China, power expansion in the Indian Ocean and Chinese hiding intention aspects are correlated in this paper. In this process, several critical areas have also been highlighted and connected.

Page(s): 209-227                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 December 2020

 Abdur Rahman Mohammad Thamim
Lecturer, Department of International Relations, Bangladesh University of Professionals (BUP), Bangladesh

  Md Mustafijur Rahman
M.Phil Researcher, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh

  Abu Rushd Muhammed Shaikh
M. Phil Researcher, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

  Mohammad Shakhawat Hossain
University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

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Abdur Rahman Mohammad Thamim, Md Mustafijur Rahman, Abu Rushd Muhammed Shaikh, Mohammad Shakhawat Hossain “Sino – Lanka Relations: A Critical Study on Chinese Importance in Sri Lankan Economic Development” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.209-227 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/209-227.pdf

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Availability of Material Resources for Effective Implementation of the Policy of Automatic Class Promotion in Public Primary Schools in the Northwest and Southwest Regions of Cameroon
Mambeh Christian Tani – November 2020 – Page No.: 228-238

As a policy response to the prevalence of high repetition rate in Cameroon primary schools, the government through the ministerial order No. 315/B1/1464/MINEDUB of 21st February 2006 introduced automatic class promotion in these schools.Data reveal that this policy is ineffectively implementedas there is a significant and relatively high repetition rates in Cameroon primary schools even in classes where automatic class promotion is allowed (MINEDUB, 2016). A study (Author, 2018) indicates that this policy is just fairly effectively implemented. This study intends to show the extent to which the availability of material resources in these schools with respect to the instructional materials and physical facilities accounts for the ineffective implementation of this policy. A survey was carried out wherein a questionnaire and an interview guide were used for data collection. Four hundred and fifteen (415) teachers returned completed copies of questionnaire while 25 basic education stakeholders were interviewed. Data analysis reveals that the material resources available in schools understudy is grossly inadequate despite the significant positive relationship between availability of material resources and the effective implementation of the policy of automatic class promotion. Also, inadequacy in material resources is more acute with the availability of instructional materials than physical facilities. It is recommended that the government should conduct need assessment of public primary schools in terms instructional material and physical facilities and ensure the provision of these resources in these schools. Parents and other educational stakeholders should assist the government in the provision of educational resource materials.

Page(s): 228-238                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 December 2020

 Mambeh Christian Tani
Department of Educational Foundations and Administration, Faculty of Education, University of Buea, Cameroon

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Mambeh Christian Tani “Availability of Material Resources for Effective Implementation of the Policy of Automatic Class Promotion in Public Primary Schools in the Northwest and Southwest Regions of Cameroon” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.228-238 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/228-238.pdf

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Teacher Selection in the Public Sector: Challenges, Pitfalls and Opportunities
Chita Kasonde & Ferdinand M. Chipindi – November 2020 – Page No.: 239-245

Studies by various scholars have revealed that in addition to formal qualifications, effective teachers possess a certain set of skills, characteristics, values and beliefs. However, there exists a gap in literature to determine how these qualities can be identified during the teacher selection process. This study was undertaken to identify the challenges and pitfalls that arise teacher selection based on paper evidence. The study aimed at building on existing literature by identifying opportunities for improving teacher selection by exploring tools that can best identify qualities of effective teachers. The focus was teacher selection in the Ministry of General Education. A qualitative method of investigation was employed and utilised interview guides to get in-depth insight into the challenges faced when conducting teacher selection. The study revealed that the current teacher selection process is not adequate in identifying the qualities effective teachers should possess. Despite these challenges and the inadequacy of the current teacher selection process, opportunities exist for improving teacher such as the use of aptitude tests and interviews in addition to the existing use of paper evidence. From this study it was concluded that not much emphasis is attached to selecting effective teachers because teacher selection is viewed more as being necessary in filling vacancies without realising the impact that teachers have on student performance. The study recommends increased funding for building capacities to incorporate selection tools such as aptitude tests and interviews, greater coordination between the MoGE and the TSC in providing teacher statistics to ensure that teacher recruitment advertisements clearly specify the teachers that are required as well as coordination between the TSC and teacher training institutions to address the mismatch between teacher supply and demand.

Page(s): 239-245                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 December 2020

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2020.71102

 Chita Kasonde
University of Zambia

  Ferdinand M. Chipindi
University of Zambia

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Chita Kasonde & Ferdinand M. Chipindi, “Teacher Selection in the Public Sector: Challenges, Pitfalls and Opportunities” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.239-245 November 2020 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2020.71102f

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Assessment of Teachers’ Utilization of PowerPoint Usage for Mathematics Instructions in Senior Secondary Schools in Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria
Abubakar, A. B., Muhammad, Gazali. A, Umar A.S, Mahmud Aliyu- November 2020 – Page No.: 246-251

The study assessed teachers’ utilization of PowerPoint usage for Mathematics instructions in senior secondary schools of Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria. The study specific objectives were to determine Mathematics teachers’ utilization of PowerPoint for Mathematics instruction and readiness for PowerPoint utilization in Mathematics Instruction. The study was guided by two corresponding research questions. The study formulated one hypothesis to test if relationship exists between teachers’ level of readiness and actual utilizations. The study used survey research design and the population of the study comprised of 241 Mathematics teachers in Sokoto metropolis. The study used census method where by the entire population was studied. Descriptive statistics of frequency table, percentage, means and standard deviations were used for data analysis, while Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used in testing the formulated hypotheses. The study found that there is no relationship between level of teacher readiness for PowerPoint utilization and actual utilization of PowerPoint for Mathematics instruction in Sokoto Metropolis (r = 0.13, n = 182, p= .082> 0.05.), Majority of Mathematics teachers are not utilizing PowerPoint for Mathematics instruction (cumulative mean=1.39) among others. The study therefore recommended that the state should organize training that will build teachers skills in the use of basic computer application such as PowerPoint. Specialists in computer application should be employed as a permanent staff to mentor other teachers in the use of PowerPoint for instruction.

Page(s): 246-251                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 December 2020

 Abubakar, A. B.
Department of Educational Foundations and Curriculum, Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

 Muhammad, Gazali. A
Department of Educational Foundations and Curriculum, Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

 Umar A.S
Umaru Ali Shinkafi Polytechnic Sokoto, Nigeria

 Mahmud Aliyu
Department of Mathematics, Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria

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Abubakar, A. B., Muhammad, Gazali. A, Umar A.S, Mahmud Aliyu “Assessment of Teachers’ Utilization of PowerPoint Usage for Mathematics Instructions in Senior Secondary Schools in Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.7 issue 11, pp.246-251 November 2020 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-7-issue-11/246-251.pdf

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