Volume VIII Issue XI

Factors Influencing Marriage Stability among the Working Class: A Case Study of an Institution of Higher Learning
Makinde Bose, Azorondu Abigail, Adeoye Ayodele (PhD) & Abodunrin Oluwatobi November 2021 – Page No.: 01-05

Marriage is an approved social institutions, whereby persons establish a family. It involves more than procreation, including other obligations and benefits and has a ripple effect on the society at large. In essence happiness in marriage is far reaching, affecting the couples, offspring, influencing their behaviour at workplace, sustaining their health and ensuring a balanced development of the children. However, a number of factors can mediate marital stability. The study examined factors influencing marriage stability among the working class: A case study of an Institution of Higher Learning among a sample of 120 respondents. A cross-sectional design was used, research questions were raised and data were collected using questionnaire as instrument for data collection. The study revealed a significant influence of family background on marital stability, while spending some leisure time together is positively related to stability in marriage. Observation of religious rituals, such as devotion influences marriage, while attending same religion with spouse has no significant influence on stability in marriage

Page(s): 01-05                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 November 2021

 Makinde Bose
Department of Social Work and Human Services, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Nigeria

 Azorondu Abigail
Department of Social Work and Human Services, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Nigeria

 Adeoye Ayodele (PhD)
Department of Education, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Nigeria

 Abodunrin Oluwatobi
Department of Social Work and Human Services, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Nigeria

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Makinde Bose, Azorondu Abigail, Adeoye Ayodele (PhD) & Abodunrin Oluwatobi, “Factors Influencing Marriage Stability among the Working Class: A Case Study of an Institution of Higher Learning” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.8 issue 11, pp.01-05 November 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-8-issue-11/01-05.pdf

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Application of Forensic Accounting as a Tool for Fraud Prevention in the Nigerian Deposit Money Banks
Dugguh Richard Dugguh, Omale A. Jonathan, Alhassan Odiniya Innocent, Nwogbo Chimezie Rose, Williams Blessing Nkemakonam, Felicia Ekate Jacob, Ifidi Bodisere Judith Dienein November 2021 – Page No.: 06-15

This study examined the application of forensic accounting as a tool for fraud prevention in Nigerian deposit money banks. Ex-post facto research design was used as data was sourced from published annual report of Nigerian Deposit Insurance Corporation (NDIC) for the period covering 1994 to 2019. The population of this study is made up of all the twenty (20) listed deposit money banks in Nigerian Stock exchange. The entire population was used as sample size for the study. The study made use of Automated Teller Machine Related Fraud (ATMF), Web Based Fraud (WBF) and Foreign Currency Fraud (FCF) as independent variables, while dependent variable for the study was Forensic Accounting (FA). Time series analysis was conducted using Autoregressive Fractionally Integrated Moving Average (AFRIMA) Model, and analysis was conducted with the aid of STATA 14.2. The results revealed that forensic accounting have significant effect on all the variables used in the study, in the short run, however, on future prediction, the study predicts that forensic accounting will have no significant effect on fraud prevention based on evidence of increased fraud cases in the data collected from one period to the other. The study recommends amongst others that appropriate sanctions should be applied when fraud is detected. Where prosecution is considered to be the appropriate sanction, proper Forensic procedures need to be followed during investigation and trained experts like the Professional Forensic accounting.

Page(s): 06-15                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 November 2021

 Dugguh Richard Dugguh
MSC, BSC, Federal Polytechnic Ekowe, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

 Omale A. Jonathan
PhD,MSC,BSC, Federal Polytechnic Ekowe, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

 Alhassan Odiniya Innocent
M.SC, B.SC, HND, CNA, NIM, CFCN, OCA, Federal Polytechnic Ekowe, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

 Nwogbo Chimezie Rose
MBA, BSC, CNA, NIM, Federal Polytechnic Ekowe, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

 Williams Blessing Nkemakonam
MBA, PGD, HND, Federal Polytechnic Ekowe, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

 Felicia Ekate Jacob
MBA,BSC, CAN, Federal Polytechnic Ekowe, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

 Ifidi Bodisere Judith Dienein
MBA,BSC,PGD,CAN, Federal Polytechnic Ekowe, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

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Dugguh Richard Dugguh, Omale A. Jonathan, Alhassan Odiniya Innocent, Nwogbo Chimezie Rose, Williams Blessing Nkemakonam, Felicia Ekate Jacob, Ifidi Bodisere Judith Dienein, “Application of Forensic Accounting as a Tool for Fraud Prevention in the Nigerian Deposit Money Banks” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.8 issue 11, pp.06-15 November 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-8-issue-11/06-15.pdf

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The Mediating Effect of Intentions to Leapfrog on the Relationship between Perceived Product Quality and Urgency to Replace
Mae Chepkoech, Charles Lagat, Gary L. Frankwick November 2021 – Page No.: 16-25

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the mediating effect of leapfrogging intentions on the relationship between perceived product quality and urgency to replace in the mobile phone industry. The study used a cross-sectional research design and simple random techniques to collect data from 349 employees of three Kenyan county governments. Findings reveal that perceived product quality positively enhances customers’ intentions to leapfrog, which positively influences their urgency to replace a product. In addition, results indicate that perceived product quality positively and significantly enhances customers’ urgency to replace. Finally, intention to leapfrog acts as a mechanism through which perceived product quality enhances urgency to replace. This reflects the consumers’ enthusiasm for variety and change which influences their urgency of replacing the existing product with the next generation. The mediation findings bring new insight to theory and existing literature in the marketing industry. The management need to recognize that for consumers to replace the existing product they expect new generation products to have improved safety, superior quality attributes, and superior performance than what is currently available. Thus, during the product development process, these features should be incorporated into the new product to increase acceptability and replacement.

Page(s): 16-25                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 November 2021

 Mae Chepkoech
Moi University, Kenya

 Charles Lagat
Moi University, Kenya

 Gary L. Frankwick
College of Business Administration, University of Texas El Paso, U.S.A

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Mae Chepkoech, Charles Lagat, Gary L. Frankwick, “The Mediating Effect of Intentions to Leapfrog on the Relationship between Perceived Product Quality and Urgency to Replace” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.8 issue 11, pp.16-25 November 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-8-issue-11/16-25.pdf

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Economic Analysis of Fruits and Vegetables Marketers in Bauchi Metropolis
Mohammed Uwaisu Hussaini, Oleabhiele Ernest Paul, Gabriel Okpe November 2021 – Page No.: 26-30

This study was undertaken to analyze the economics of fruits and vegetables marketers in Bauchi metropolis specifically Muda Lawal Market. One hundred (100) fruits and vegetables marketers were randomly selected from the fruits and vegetables section of the market, using a simple random sampling technique. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data generated and further subjected to SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threat) analysis. The data shows that significant number of the marketers are male, married, with household size of 6-10, falls within the age group of 30- 49 years with post primary education. In addition we found that the majority of the marketers have over six years working experience, household constitute the largest buyers of the products and as usual with all businesses have more retailers than wholesalers. Seasonal fluctuation has the biggest influence on price followed by variety. The strength of the business is an existence of an already market and minimal capital requirement to set up the business. The weakness is the near complete absence of preservation and seasonal nature of the products. Opportunities exist due to the growing demand and diverse uses of the product as a result of the growing population. The biggest threat to the marketers is the high cost of transporting products and lack of storage facilities. The study concluded that unless adequate attention is given to the problems identified, the marketers will continue to face the challenges in the business thereby passing the unnecessary cost incurred to the final consumers. We conclude by recommending that marketers should look at the possibility of using alternative means of transportation especially the train because it‘s cheaper and bigger, Government should collaborate with Research centres to explore the possibility of developing an affordable and efficient preservation technology and Develop an all year round farming system.

Page(s): 26-30                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 November 2021

 Mohammed Uwaisu Hussaini
Department of Banking and Finance, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria

 Oleabhiele Ernest Paul
Department of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria

 GGabriel Okpe
Department of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria

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Mohammed Uwaisu Hussaini, Oleabhiele Ernest Paul, Gabriel Okpe, “Economic Analysis of Fruits and Vegetables Marketers in Bauchi Metropolis” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.8 issue 11, pp.26-30 November 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-8-issue-11/26-30.pdf

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The Impact of Dividend Policy on Stock Prices in Money Deposit Banks in Nigeria (1994-2019)
ALASHE, Abdulganiyy Kayode, ISHOLA, Joseph Olaniyi November 2021 – Page No.: 31-37

The tenacity of this study was to study the empirical influence of dividend policy on stock prices in Nigerian deposit banks. This study, which required the acquisition of historical data, used post-facto research. The population of the study was the twenty-two (22) money deposit banks in Nigeria. Secondary data through annual reports (1994-2019) for a period of 25 years was obtained from the selected banks. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software were used to describe observations through descriptive statistics, such as minimum, maximum, means and standard deviation, while the relationship between stock price and dividend policy was investigated through the use of inferential statistics such as regression analysis and correlation technics. The statistics showed a favorable and substantial influence on the stock price of a dividend per share (DPS) (= 0.1971; p 0.05). Earnings per share (EPS) were considerably beneficial to the share price (=0.0404; p0.05), however a lower positive influence was shown in the payout ratio (DPR) (=0.9227; p>0.05). During the study period, dividend policy had an influence on the stock prices of Nigerian deposit money institutions, according to the findings. The study therefore recommended that companies should strive for strong adherence to shareholders’ interests in adopting dividend policies that maximize shareholder value by management, among other things.

Page(s): 31-37                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 November 2021

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2021.81101

 ALASHE, Abdulganiyy Kayode
Department of Accountancy, School of Management and Business Studies, Lagos State Polytechnic, Ikorodu, Nigeria

 ISHOLA, Joseph Olaniyi
Department of Accountancy, School of Part Time Studies, Lagos State Polytechnic, Ikorodu, Nigeria

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ALASHE, Abdulganiyy Kayode, ISHOLA, Joseph Olaniyi, “The Impact of Dividend Policy on Stock Prices in Money Deposit Banks in Nigeria (1994-2019)” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.8 issue 11, pp.31-37 November 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2021.81101

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Analysis of the Ontological, Epistemological and Methodological Assumptions in Two Leadership Development Articles
Frederick Ebot Ashu November 2021 – Page No.: 38-43

Leadership development is a multifaceted and complex subject of research and demands a sound ontological, epistemological and methodological stance that guides studies for the development of more integrative leadership theories to support the development of school leaders. The review to follow is a comparative analysis of two studies conducted in the field of education leadership development published in Education Management and Administration and the other from a UK perspective in Educational Review. The aspects to be compared will be as follow. First, brief description of each study will be presented. Second, the ontological, epistemological and methodological assumptions underlying each study will be compared. Third, the article by Bush and Jackson: A Preparation for School Leadership. The Qualitative Paradigm offers a comparative overview from an international perspective. Fourthly, Rhodes, Brundrett, Nevill study is a mixed-method Approach Just the ticket? The National Professional Qualification and Transition to Headship reviewed and analysed. Finally, a critique of each study will be presented.

Page(s): 38-43                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 December 2021

 Frederick Ebot Ashu
Senior Lecturer, Education Foundations and Administration, Faculty of Education, University of Buea, Cameroon

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Frederick Ebot Ashu, “Analysis of the Ontological, Epistemological and Methodological Assumptions in Two Leadership Development Articles” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.8 issue 11, pp.38-43 November 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-8-issue-11/38-43.pdf

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Effects of Teaching Using GeoGebra Software on Learners’ Academic Achievement and Motivation in Geometrical Transformations in Chinsali District of Muchinga Province in Zambia
Joshua Chisenga Chisenga, Zulu Alfred November 2021 – Page No.: 44-52

This study investigated the effects of teaching using GeoGebra version 6.0.574.0 on learners’ academic achievement and motivation in Geometrical Transformations. Quasi-experimental was used in the study, that is, pre-test post-test control group design. The research sample consisted of two intact Grade twelve classes. Experimental group (n = 38) and control group (n = 37) a total of 75 learners studying Mathematics 4024 at Kenneth Kaunda Provincial STEM Secondary School in Chinsali District of Muchinga Province in Zambia. Learners in the experimental group were taught using GeoGebra software and those in the control group were taught using traditional teaching methods (demonstration, discussion, question and answer and expository methods). A Geometrical Transformations achievement test was used to determine the effects of GeoGebra on achievement and a 5 point Likert scale motivation questionnaire was used to assess the effects of GeoGebra on learners’ motivation to learn Geometrical Transformations. An independent samples t-test was used to compare academic achievement of the two groups at 95% confidence level. Data on motivation was analysed using descriptive statistics (mean). The findings of the study indicated a significant difference in academic achievement between the experimental group and the control group [t(df = 73) = 2.576, p = 0.012 α=0.05 two tailed]. GeoGebra software had positive effects on learners’ academic achievement. The study also revealed that GeoGebra software allowed male and female learners to learn Geometrical Transformations at the same level and this led to a conclusion that GeoGebra software is not discriminatory and impacts positively on gender. The motivation results indicated that learners’ motivation to learn Geometrical Transformations was enhanced more in the experimental group compared to the control group with motivation mean of 4.33 (SD = 0.785) and 3.66 (SD = 1.147) respectively. The following recommendations were made: (1) teachers of mathematics should be encouraged to use GeoGebra in their teaching of Geometrical Transformations; (2) the use of GeoGebra should be emphasised and teachers of mathematics to be trained by those with knowledge on how to use the software during continuing professional development meetings in schools so that teachers can get the much needed knowledge on GeoGebra; (3) since the use of GeoGebra in Geometrical Transformations proved to be effective, the research should be conducted on a large scale and in other topics in mathematics to see if the same results can be obtained.

Page(s): 44-52                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 December 2021

 Joshua Chisenga Chisenga
Mathematics and Natural Sciences, The Copperbelt University, Zambia

 Zulu Alfred
Mathematics and Natural Sciences, The Copperbelt University, Zambia

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Joshua Chisenga Chisenga, Zulu Alfred, “Effects of Teaching Using GeoGebra Software on Learners’ Academic Achievement and Motivation in Geometrical Transformations in Chinsali District of Muchinga Province in Zambia” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.8 issue 11, pp.44-52 November 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-8-issue-11/44-52.pdf

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Revamping the Tripartite Learning Domains in Education; Basis for Co-Curricular activities in Nigerian Schools
Olatunbosun E. Ogunseemi, Yetunde Eniola-Arigbe and Busayo V. Olanipekun November 2021 – Page No.: 53-56

Education is a process and a broad concept that surpasses the four walls of classroom. However, the core aim of education is to foster all round development, which is an educational program that considers the ‘3Hs’ (Head, Heart and Hand) or rather the cognitive, affective and the psychomotor objectives of education according to theorists of learning. Hence, this study investigates how co-curricular activities can actually complement the core-curriculum in the school and as well groom the students in the art of living and working together. This is an experimental study that employed co-curricular drill and practice rating scale and observation checklists verify and observe the process of involvement in co-curricular activities among basic education students. The sample involves intact class of Junior secondary school (JSS2) of University Demonstration Secondary School Ikere-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. The study employs inferential statistics with predictions for numerical outcomes at 0.05 level of significance to check for impact of co-curricular activities on the students’ cognitive, affective and psychomotor skills. The study lasts for Thirteen (13) weeks. Findings were based on T-test analysis of the data collected in the study. It was concluded that co-curricular activities are particularly good at providing opportunities for students to work in teams, to exercise leadership, to personally take initiative and above all prepare students practically for the future. The study suggests a framework by which school activities can be designed to create a chance for all round development of the child.

Page(s): 53-56                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 December 2021

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2021.81102

 Olatunbosun E. Ogunseemi
College of Education, Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology, Ikere-Ekiti (Nigeria)

 Yetunde Eniola-Arigbe
College of Education, Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology, Ikere-Ekiti (Nigeria)

 Busayo V. Olanipekun
College of Education, Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology, Ikere-Ekiti (Nigeria)

[1] Adeyemo, S.A (2010). The relationship between students’ participation in school based extracurricular activities and their achievement in Physics. International Journal of Science and technology Education Research, 1(6), pp. 111-117.
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[4] Dream Career (2015). Importance of co-curricular activities for a student. professional services put Ltd. https://idreamcareer.com/blog
[5] Fredricks, J.A and Eccles, J.S (2008). Participation in Extracurricular activities in the middle school years: Are there developmental benefits for African American and European American Youth. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 37(9): 1029-1043
[6] Khan, Ansum (2019). Role and importance of co-curricular activities school. Jagran Prakashan Ltd. https://m.jagranjosh.com/aticles/
[7] Kisango, Benard (2016). Factors influencing students’ participation in Co-curricular activities
[8] in public secondary schools in Lamu County Kenya. A research project report submitted in partial fulfilment for the requirements of the award of master of education degree in curriculum studies, University of Nairobi. Kenya.
[9] Lewis, C.P (2004). The relation between extracurricular activities with academic and social competencies in school age children. A meta-analysis. Texas A & M University.
[10] Ritchie, Gail. M (2018). The impact of academic Co-curricular activity participation on academic achievement: A study of Catholic High School Students. Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses.
[11] Zehner, A. (2011). Co-curricular activities and Students’ learning outcomes. Purdue University. West Lafayette, IN.

Olatunbosun E. Ogunseemi, Yetunde Eniola-Arigbe and Busayo V. Olanipekun, “Revamping the Tripartite Learning Domains in Education; Basis for Co-Curricular activities in Nigerian Schools” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.8 issue 11, pp.53-56 November 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2021.81102

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Pastor and the Congregation Survive In This Pandemic Time
Sherley Astuty Kardi, Yanto Paulus Hermanto, Jessica Elizabeth Abraham November 2021 – Page No.: 57-61

The pandemic period is a difficult time for pastors and congregations. However, they must survive and be a blessing. Therefore, this research is intended to answer how the pastor and congregation can be well maintained. To answer the formulation of this problem, the author conducted a qualitative research method with literature research. From this research, it is hoped that it will help churches that are facing crises both spiritually and financially, so that both pastors and congregations are well-maintained. In this study, the role of pastors and congregations is very important and that can make pastors and congregations well-maintained even during this Covid-19 pandemic.

Page(s): 57-61                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 December 2021

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2021.81103

 Sherley Astuty Kardi
Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Kharisma Bandung, Indonesia

 Yanto Paulus Hermanto
Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Kharisma Bandung, Indonesia

 Jessica Elizabeth Abraham
Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Kharisma Bandung, Indonesia

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Sherley Astuty Kardi, Yanto Paulus Hermanto, Jessica Elizabeth Abraham, “Pastor and the Congregation Survive In This Pandemic Time” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.8 issue 11, pp.57-61 November 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2021.81103

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Proposed Research Model for an Acceptance of E-Commerce Services among the Students in Uzbekistan
Teshabaeva Shakhlo Abdurakhimovna, Mohammad Mahmoud Saleem Alzubi, Abdoulrahman Aljounaidi November 2021 – Page No.: 62-72

This study investigates the factors that significantly affect the acceptance of e-commerce in Uzbekistan. These factors were Technology, Awareness, Trust, technology acceptance model and Innovation Diffusion theory Characteristics. This study adopted the deductive approach to reach its objectives. It presents a theoretical framework for the construction of hypotheses. The hypotheses were tested to obtain the findings that may be generalized afterwards. The primary data were collected from 384 valid questionnaires, which were distributed to random Uzbek students in four universities. After reviewing several related studies, the Likert five- point scale questionnaire was constructed for gathering the required data, which were then analyzed using the SPSS software.

Page(s): 62-72                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 December 2021

 Teshabaeva Shakhlo Abdurakhimovna
Al-Madinah International University, Malaysia

 Mohammad Mahmoud Saleem Alzubi
Al-Madinah International University, Malaysia

 Abdoulrahman Aljounaidi
Al-Madinah International University, Malaysia

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Teshabaeva Shakhlo Abdurakhimovna, Mohammad Mahmoud Saleem Alzubi, Abdoulrahman Aljounaidi , “Proposed Research Model for an Acceptance of E-Commerce Services among the Students in Uzbekistan” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.8 issue 11, pp.62-72 November 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-8-issue-11/62-72.pdf

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Implementing Innovative Instructional Strategies: Practical Application in Nigerian Classroom
Dr. (Mrs.) Beatrice Dute Iwowari November 2021 – Page No.: 73-81

The study examined innovative instructional strategy and secondary school students’ performance in English Language in Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Two objectives, two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The design for the study was quasi-experimental design using pretest and posttest design, with one experimental group taught using innovative instructional strategy and a control group taught using the traditional lecture method. The sample for the study comprised of one hundred and seven (107) SS2 students from two intact classes. Purposive sampling technique was used to select two senior secondary schools; and grouped into experimental and control groups. Two instruments – English Performance Test (EPT) and English Retention Test (ERT) with 25 subjective and essay questions drawn from the two topics (Spelling and Phonetics) with reliability indices of 0.82 and 0.72 respectively were developed and used for data collection. The data obtained were analyzed using mean statistics and standard deviation to answer the research questions while the hypotheses were tested using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) at 0.05 level of significance. The result obtained revealed amongst others that students taught English Language using innovative instructional strategy performed better than students taught using the traditional lecture methods. Also, there is significant difference between the performance of students taught English Language using innovative instructional strategy and those taught using the traditional lecture method. The study recommended that teachers embrace a variety of teaching methods in the teaching of English Language like the peer instructional strategy as it will help students to perform better in English Language concepts.

Page(s): 73-81                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 December 2021

 Dr. (Mrs.) Beatrice Dute Iwowari
Department of English and Literary Studies, Faculty of Arts, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Nigeria

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Dr. (Mrs.) Beatrice Dute Iwowari , “Implementing Innovative Instructional Strategies: Practical Application in Nigerian Classroom” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.8 issue 11, pp.73-81 November 2021 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-8-issue-11/73-81.pdf

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