Volume X Issue I

Critical Insights into The Attributes of An Effective Board of Directors as A Deterrent to Corporate Fraud
Abdul Azim Mohd Uzir, Nur Ashikin Mohd Saat January 2023 – Page No.: 01-05

This paper examined the characteristics of board of directors that are effective in mitigating corporate frauds by critically reviewing findings from previous and recent studies. The board of directors’ roles are first assessed in order to investigate their statutory duties and responsibilities, which will influence their governing actions to implement and enforce monitoring and disciplining measures to prevent misconduct and malpractice. The gender diversity of board members, corporate experience, independence, and frequency of board meetings are key board authorities, reputation, and influence in controlling fraudulent conduct in organisations. The establishment of specific law enforcement authorities and laws, specifically the Anti-Corruption Commission, the Anti-Money Laundering, Anti-Terrorism Financing, and Proceeds of Unlawful Activities, the Penal Code, and the Companies Act, are critical components in ensuring that fraudulent activities are prevented

Page(s): 01-05                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 January 2023

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10101

 Abdul Azim Mohd Uzir
Department of Accounting and Finance, School of Business and Economics, Universiti Putra Malaysia

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Abdul Azim Mohd Uzir, Nur Ashikin Mohd Saat, “Critical Insights into The Attributes of An Effective Board of Directors as A Deterrent to Corporate Fraud” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.01-05 January 2023 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10101

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Economic Benefit through Belt and Road Initiative: Challenges and Options for Bangladesh
A F M Atiqur Rahman, Dr. Md. Shariful Islam, Al Jamal Mustafa Shindaini January 2023 – Page No.: 06-17

The economic rise of China is one of the greatest events of the twenty-first century, and countries around the world have taken tremendous interest in China due to its ambitious Belt and Road initiative (BRI) which has been hailed by Chinese president Xi Jinping as “the project of the century”. As of December 2021, 145 countries have joined the initiative which seeks to link Asia with Africa and Europe through land and maritime networks with the purpose of enhancing regional integration, boosting trade, and increasing economic growth. Bangladesh has also welcomed BRI in 2016 involving itself through one of its six economic corridors- the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) and has taken its bilateral relationship to a new height. Of the 27 project agreements for investments and loans totaling around $24.45 billion signed in 2016, nine projects worth more than $7 billion are presently underway as part of the BRI. The goal of this study is to look at the economic benefits that Bangladesh is expected to gain from the BRI. It critically examines the economic involvement of China in Bangladesh to identify how that impacts local economy. In this regard, the economic and geopolitical challenges arising from Bangladesh’s involvement in the initiative are examined, and possible options for Bangladesh are highlighted. The methodology of the paper is analytical and descriptive in nature.

Page(s): 06-17                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 January 2023

 A F M Atiqur Rahman
Former Dean, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Bangladesh University of Professionals (BUP) Mirpur Cantonment, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

 Dr. Md. Shariful Islam
Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Bangladesh University of Professionals (BUP), Mirpur Cantonment, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

 Al Jamal Mustafa Shindaini
Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Bangladesh University of Professionals (BUP), Mirpur Cantonment, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

1. American Enterprise Institute. (2022). China Global Investment Tracker. Retrieved from www.aei.org: https://www.aei.org/china-global-investment-tracker/
2. Anwar, A. (2019, July). How Bangladesh is Benefiting from the China-India Rivalry, The Diplomat. Retrieved from: https://thediplomat.com/2019/07/how-bangladesh-is-benefiting-from-the-china-indiarivalry/.
3. Awasthi, D. (2017, July). Chinese Loans to Bangladesh: Risk of a Debt Trap? Frontera. https://frontera.net/news/asia/chinese-loans-to-bangladesh-risk-of-a-debt-trap/.
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A F M Atiqur Rahman, Dr. Md. Shariful Islam, Al Jamal Mustafa Shindaini, “Economic Benefit through Belt and Road Initiative: Challenges and Options for Bangladesh ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.06-17 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/06-17.pdf

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The Effect of Organizational Health and Safety Practices on Employee Job Performance of Non –Managerial Employees in Apparel Industry (With special reference to Kegalle District of Sri Lanka)
PKS Pathirana, PGRB Chandrasekara January 2023 – Page No.: 18-27

The goal of this study was to look into the effect of health and safety practices on nonmanagerial employee job performance in the apparel industry. (With special relevance to the Kegalle District) The independent variables were occupational health and safety practices such as management of occupational hazards, safety training, hazards information system, and personal protective equipment. The dependent variable was considered to be employee job performance.
The study’s sample consisted of two garments (MAS Holdings (PVT) LTD and Brandix Apparel Solutions Limited). Following that, proportionate stratified sampling was used to select 225 non-managerial employees from among these garments. Non-managerial employees were polled using a questionnaire. The interval measurement scale was used for both the independent and dependent variables. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0 was used to analyze the data. For univariate analysis, mean and standard deviation were used for all variables, while correlation coefficient and regression analysis were used for bivariate analysis.
A positive relationship was discovered between Management of occupational hazard and employee job performance. There was a link between safety training and non-management employees’ job performance. Hazards information system was also found to be positively correlated with employees’ job performance

Page(s): 18-27                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 29 January 2023

 PKS Pathirana
Department of Business Management, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka

 PGRB Chandrasekara
Department of Business Management, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka

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PKS Pathirana, PGRB Chandrasekara, “The Effect of Organizational Health and Safety Practices on Employee Job Performance of Non –Managerial Employees in Apparel Industry (With special reference to Kegalle District of Sri Lanka) ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.18-27 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/18-27.pdf

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Quantum Chemical Study of Hydrogen Bonded Guanine-Water Complexes
Brijesh Kumar Sharma, Achchhe Lal and Devendra Kumar Singh January 2023 – Page No.: 28-35

The Optimized geometries of all the four isomers of Guanine-water complexes have been obtained at B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p), X3LYP/6-311++G(d,p), B3PW91/6-311++G(d,p) levels. Structural parameters of the optimized geometries, total energies and the APT charges of guanine-water complex have been computed. Frequency calculations are carried out on each optimized structure and their IR and Raman spectra have been discussed. The calculated frequencies of the guanine are found to be in good agreement with the experimental values in the most of the cases.

Page(s): 28-35                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 January 2023

 Brijesh Kumar Sharma
Department of Physics, Udai Pratap (Autonomous) College, Varanasi-221002, India

 Achchhe Lal
Department of Physics, Harishchndra P G College, Varanasi-221002, India

 Devendra Kumar Singh
Department of Physics, Udai Pratap (Autonomous) College, Varanasi-221002, India

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Brijesh Kumar Sharma, Achchhe Lal and Devendra Kumar Singh, “Quantum Chemical Study of Hydrogen Bonded Guanine-Water Complexes ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.28-35 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/28-35.pdf

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Impact of Data Warehouse on Organization Development and Decision making (A Case study of United Bank for Africa and Watchlocker PLC)
Abiodun Olalere January 2023 – Page No.: 36-45

The study analyzes the impact of data warehouse on organizational development and decision making. A case study of United Bank for Africa. The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between data warehouse and organization development, to investigate if the implementation of data warehouse in the organization help in minimizing inconsistency report of the organization, to investigate if data warehouse help to integrate multiple system or business into one common data source, to determine if data warehouse help to increase data security and integrity of an organization data and also to determine the impact of data warehouse on decision making of an organization. To carry out this research the survey research design was adopted and population size was 100 staffs of the above organization, we make use of a well-structured questionnaire which was administered and 84 copies was filled and returned, so a total number of 84 respondent was analyzed. The data collected was analyzed using simple percentage and frequencies. From the result of analysis it was gathered that there is a significant relationship between data warehouse and organizational development and data warehouse help to increase organization decision making.

Page(s): 36-45                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 January 2023

  Abiodun Olalere
Ecole Supérieure des Sciences, de Commerce et d’Administration des Enterprises du Benin

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Abiodun Olalere , “Impact of Data Warehouse on Organization Development and Decision making (A Case study of United Bank for Africa and Watchlocker PLC) ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.36-45 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/36-45.pdf

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Climate-Related Financial Disclosure in Supporting SDGs
Shami Syauqina Balqis Noor Shahidan, Nur Ashikin Mohd Saat January 2023 – Page No.: 46-49

This paper focused on the recommendations of the Financial Stability Board’s Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosure (TCFD) on the key information that must be disclosed in the climate-related financial report in order for the report to be useful and the organization’s environmental, social, and economic impacts to be appropriately governed. To support and implement the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Agenda, the TCFD listed governance, strategy, risk management, and metrics and targets as the primary topics that must be presented in the climate-related financial report. Various TCFDs, United Nations and significant research on SDGs, sustainable reporting, and climate-related financial disclosures were referenced to critically review the TCFD’s recommendations, as well as the benefits and implementation issues of the recommendations. It was decided that the TCFD’s guidelines are vital and useful for monitoring organisations’ climate-related operations. The TCFD recommendations guidelines must be tightened to avoid the dangers of information inaccuracies and needless lawsuits; only then can the proposal to adopt it as reporting rules benefit diverse impacted parties

Page(s): 46-49                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 01 February 2023

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10102

 Shami Syauqina Balqis Noor Shahidan
Department of Accounting and Finance, School of Business and Economics, Universiti Putra Malaysia

 Nur Ashikin Mohd Saat
Department of Accounting and Finance, School of Business and Economics, Universiti Putra Malaysia

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Shami Syauqina Balqis Noor Shahidan, Nur Ashikin Mohd Saat, “Climate-Related Financial Disclosure in Supporting SDGs ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.46-49 January 2023 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10102

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Cultural Intelligence and Organizational Politics: An Empirical Quest
Isaac Onyeyirichukwu Chukwuma, Uzoma Ogochukwu Okonkwo January 2023 – Page No.: 50-57

This research investigated the association between cultural intelligence and organizational politics. Data were obtained from 57 managers; the data set also underwent a reliability test using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. The study in deploying the inferential statistic tools, utilized the Spearman correlation to investigate the association between cultural intelligence and organizational politics, and a linear regression analysis was also utilized to predict the relationship between the studies’ constructs using the IBM SPSS Statistics version 21. The results of the study indicated that there is a significant positive relationship between cultural intelligence and organizational politics [p (.000) < 0.05, r = .931]. The significance of the study is established in the empirical credence it has established in quest of the emerging interest of the research theme to both academia and industry.

Page(s): 50-57                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 01 February 2023

  Isaac Onyeyirichukwu Chukwuma
University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

  Uzoma Ogochukwu Okonkwo
University of Nigeria, Nigeria

1. Ang, S., Dyne, L. A., & Rockstuhl, T. (2015). Cultural intelligence: Origins, conceptualization, evolution, and methodological diversity. In Advances in culture and psychology. Vol. 5. Edited by Gelfand, M. J., Chiu, C., & Hong, Y. 273-323. New York: Oxford University Press.
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23. Thomas, D. C., Elron, E., Stahl, G., Ekelund, B. Z., Ravlin, E. C., Cerdin, J., Poelmans, S., Brislin, R., Pekerti, A., Aycan, Z., Maznevski, M., Au, K. & Lazarova, M. B. (2008). Cultural intelligence: Domain and assessment. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 8(2), 123-143.
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28. Zica, R. M. F., Goncalves, C. A., Martins, H. C., & Goncalves, M. A. (2016). The resource-based theory and its adherence to a superior performance strategy: An analysis in small companies in Brazil. Corporate Ownership and Control, 3(3), 434-444.

Isaac Onyeyirichukwu Chukwuma, Uzoma Ogochukwu Okonkwo , “Cultural Intelligence and Organizational Politics: An Empirical Quest ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.50-57 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/50-57.pdf

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Estimation of Geohelminthes prevalence in Soil Samples and risk factors to exposure in Ojo Area of Lagos State, Nigeria
Okwa, O.O, Oladipupo, Y.A, Adesina, A.R and Ibukun T. R January 2023 – Page No.: 58-67

Soil transmitted helminths (STHs) are intestinal parasites causing neglected tropical diseases of public health concern. It is important to map out soil environments contaminated with STHs and to project which communities people need health interventions. This study investigated the prevalence of STHs in relation to the soil type and risk factors in four communities in Ojo Local Government Area of Lagos State, Nigeria. A total of 100 soil samples with 25 samples from each community were collected. The soil samples were sorted out by texture and categorized into sandy, loamy, humus and clay soils. The parasite stages from soils were identified microscopically after isolation by floatation and sedimentation methods. Sandy soil was the predominant soil type collected (> 40%) in the four communities. Bivariate Pearson’s correlation was used to assess the relationship between soil types and STHs. There was a correlation between sandy soil and STHs contamination. Overall, 78% of the soil samples were positive for STHs with sandy soil having 51.2% contamination. Toilet areas had the highest contamination with STHs (25.6%) followed by walkways (24.3%). Strongyloides stercoralis was the most prevalent STHs (3.84 %), followed by Ascaris lumbricoides (30.7 %), Necator americanus (20.5 %) and Trichuris trichiura (2.56 %). Mixed infections of S. stercoralis and A. lumbricoides (7.69%) was recorded. The prevalence of STHs was highest at Alaba- Rago (37.1 %) and lowest at Iba Estate (11.5%). Multinomial logistic regression analysis showed that the factors that influenced the high prevalence of STHs at Alaba-Rago included poor environmental sanitation, lack of toilets, low level of awareness and open defeacation. Health education with provision of public toilets with regular and efficient water supply is advocated. Targeting affected communities for soil decontamination and deworming programmes is also recommended.

Page(s): 58-67                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 February 2023

 Okwa, O.O
Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, Lagos State University, Lagos State, Nigeria.

 Oladipupo, Y.A
Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, Lagos State University, Lagos State, Nigeria.

 Adesina, A.R
Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, Lagos State University, Lagos State, Nigeria.

 Ibukun T. R
Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, Lagos State University, Lagos State, Nigeria.

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Okwa, O.O, Oladipupo, Y.A, Adesina, A.R and Ibukun T. R , “Estimation of Geohelminthes prevalence in Soil Samples and risk factors to exposure in Ojo Area of Lagos State, Nigeria ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.58-67 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/58-67.pdf

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Computational Identification of Biomarker Signatures, Pathways and Regulators to Discover Therapeutic Target for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Amina Rownaq, S. M. Shahinul Islam, Samme Amena Tasmia, Md. Selim Reza and Md. Nurul Haque Mollah January 2023 – Page No.: 68-85

Lung cancer is a critical health issue of human neoplasm in worldwide. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common lung cancer from malignant disease. This study is analyses to identify biomarkers for targeting systemic drugs based on systems biology in NSCLC. The aim of this study was to select the genes expressions and pathways to discover biomolecules at protein and RNA levels which could identify potential therapeutic targets.
Different statistical method: LIMMA, ANOVA, SAM and Kruskal Wallis (KW) were used to identify DEGs with significance from the transcriptome data which was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (NCBI-GEO) dataset. By using Robust Multi-Array Average (RMA) expression measure DEGs were normalized and identified from the gene expression data set and it was applied in the “Affy” package of Bioconductor platform in R. Gene expression profiles were analyzed with genome-scale biomolecular networks (i,e., protein-protein interaction, DAVID, Kaplan-Meier Plot, molecular docking).
Ten (10) hub proteins and four (4) transcription factors (TFs) were significant biomarkers as a potential drug target. Risk discrimination performance of the hub proteins- AURKB, CDK1, CDC20, MAD2L1, CCNB1, BUB1, CCNB2, AURKA, NDC80 and NUF2 were also evaluated. In the molecular docking simulation study, we are suggesting Lurbinectedin, Etopophos, Entrectinib, Imatinib, mesylate, and Irinotecanas candidate drugs that have high binding affinity scores with most of the key proteins. Among 10 hub proteins two were confirmed as novel and provided a prognostic model and suggested three candidate drugs.
Based on these molecular signatures and proposed drugs further experimental studies can continued. These findings not only demonstrate the diagnosis, but also provide prognostic markers and therapeutic targets for NSCLC.

Page(s): 68-85                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 February 2023

 Amina Rownaq
Plant Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Lab, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh

 S. M. Shahinul Islam
Plant Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Lab, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

 Samme Amena Tasmia
Bioinformatics Lab, Department of Statistics, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh

 Md. Selim Reza
Bioinformatics Lab, Department of Statistics, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh

 Md. Nurul Haque Mollah
Bioinformatics Lab, Department of Statistics, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh

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Amina Rownaq, S. M. Shahinul Islam, Samme Amena Tasmia, Md. Selim Reza and Md. Nurul Haque Mollah , “Computational Identification of Biomarker Signatures, Pathways and Regulators to Discover Therapeutic Target for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.68-85 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/68-85.pdf

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Mental Well-Being and Life Satisfaction of Filipino Voters in Relation to Their Political Orientation
Marlou Sophia P. Sabariaga, Rose Marie C. Galban, Jessabel S. Paderes, Patricia Jainne S. Zafra, and Argel B. Masanda January 2023 – Page No.: 86-95

This study aims to know the relationship between mental well-being and life satisfaction to Political Orientation of Filipino voters. It answers the following questions, what the political orientation of Filipino voters in terms of their cognitive, evaluative, and affective orientation is, the state of the mental well-being of Filipino voters, their level of life satisfaction, the relationship between mental well-being and life satisfaction to the political orientation of Filipino voters. The researchers used quantitative and correlational research design to determine if there is a relationship between mental well-being and life satisfaction to Political orientation. They used self-made political orientation questionnaires, the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. The researchers collected the data with questionnaires. It was found that there is moderate positive correlation between Mental Well-being and Life Satisfaction of Filipino Voters to their Political Orientation (r = .603, n = 100, p = .001. This implies that the moderate positive correlation between Mental Well-being and Life Satisfaction of Filipino Voters is significant. It shows that mental well-being and life happiness are important variables in Filipino voters’ political orientation. When viewed as whole, the findings revealed substantial link between Mental Well-being and Life Satisfaction in the Political Orientation of Filipino Voters. This study may serve as a wake-up call to continue exploring, including, and accepting that mental well-being is a part of Filipino health and a reminder of how the actions of the government may affect the mental well-being, life satisfaction, and orientations of the citizens.

Page(s): 86-95                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 08 February 2023

 Marlou Sophia P. Sabariaga
National University Philippines

 Rose Marie C. Galban
National University Philippines

 Jessabel S. Paderes
National University Philippines

 Patricia Jainne S. Zafra
National University Philippines

 Argel B. Masanda
National University Philippines

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Marlou Sophia P. Sabariaga, Rose Marie C. Galban, Jessabel S. Paderes, Patricia Jainne S. Zafra, and Argel B. Masanda , “Mental Well-Being and Life Satisfaction of Filipino Voters in Relation to Their Political Orientation ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.86-95 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/86-95.pdf

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Selected Topological Indices with Applications to the Identification of Anti-breast Cancer Agents
Simon Mukwembi, Farai Nyabadza, Opeyemi Dorcas Ogundeji January 2023 – Page No.: 96-109

Breast Cancer is a global challenge that mostly affects women and its treatment is stage dependent. The treatment, among other methods, involves the use of medicines that shrink or kill the cancer cells. This type of treatment involves the use of chemical agents. In this research, the graph theoretic techniques to screen and identify chemical compounds with anti-breast cancer activities were used. In particular, the distance and graph based topological indices were used.
In this research, we developed a graph theory model that screens compounds for anti-breast cancer activity, and we also provide an assessment of the quality of model that was developed. Our newly developed graph theoretic model can predicts IC50 values of compounds for anti-breast cancer activity. We also recommended that normalized diameter is one of the key parameter in developing a model to predict some useful flavonoids that have anti-breast cancer activity.
We presented the upper bound on the known indices and explored their applications in the prediction of cytotoxic activity of flavonoids against breast cancer cells in drug design. A model that fits to data generated in the laboratories was formulated and analyzed. We did simulation on the correlations between parameters and IC50 values. Conclusions on relationship of activities and graphical structures will be made. The implications of relationship on the identification of compounds with the most activity against breast cancer are also discussed.

Page(s): 96-109                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 February 2023

 Simon Mukwembi
University of Witwatersrand, South Africa

 Farai Nyabadza
University of Johannesburg, South Africa

 Opeyemi Dorcas Ogundeji
African Institute for Mathematical Sciences (AIMS), Cape Town, South Africa

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Simon Mukwembi, Farai Nyabadza, Opeyemi Dorcas Ogundeji, “Selected Topological Indices with Applications to the Identification of Anti-breast Cancer Agents ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.96-109 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/96-109.pdf

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Peace Initiatives in Resource Based Conflicts in Post-Colonial Kenya: A Case of Lower Nyando River Basin of Kisumu County, Kenya
Paul Okello Atieno January 2023 – Page No.: 110-120

There is growing literature focusing on resource extraction and unbalanced sharing of natural resources in the exploitation community and conflict especially in the developing countries. Whereas a lot of attention has been directed at grievances of conflicting parties in natural resource based conflicts, limited attention is being given to peace initiatives including the role of local peace committees and community led peace building networks. This paper provided an insight on the role of peace initiatives in resource based conflicts in post-colonial Kenya, with particular attention to lower Nyando River Basin of Kisumu County, Kenya. Specific objectives were to determine the magnitude of resource based conflicts among communities in the Lower Nyando River Basin, analyse the role of local peace committees in resource based conflicts among communities in the Lower Nyando River Basin and to establish the contribution of community led peace-building networks in resource based conflicts among communities in the Lower Nyando River Basin, Kenya. Conflict transformation theory which articulates transforming the causes of conflict as the right approach for resolving and curtailing emerging disputes was adopted to guide the study. Mixed method design involving quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis approaches was adopted. Target population comprised of (Ogenya=153; Kakola Ombaka=704; Jimo Middle=131, and West Kabodho=225) who were natural resource reliant in both Nyakach and Nyando Sub-counties with a sample size of 278 respondents obtained based on Gill et al’s Table of Desired Accuracy with Confidence Level of 95%. The study also interviewed 4 elected community leaders from each sub location. Findings showed that the magnitude of resource based conflicts in the area was high (M=3.91; SD=0.08). The study also found that local peace committees were important peacebuilding initiatives (M=4.17; SD=0.23), while peacebuilding networks existing in the study area had contributed in resolving conflicts to a large extent (M=4.01; SD=0.25). It was concluded that unfounded apportioning of the wetland by the feuding communities has made the magnitude of conflict to be high in the study area. The study also concludes that local peacebuilding initiatives have helped in managing resource based conflict in the area due to their acceptability and incessant peace messaging.

Page(s): 110-120                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 17 February 2023

DOI : 10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10103

 Paul Okello Atieno
Kisii University, Kenya

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Paul Okello Atieno , “Peace Initiatives in Resource Based Conflicts in Post-Colonial Kenya: A Case of Lower Nyando River Basin of Kisumu County, Kenya ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.110-120 January 2023 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10103

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Green Information Technology Behavior of Young Generation
Ahmet Fatih Ozkul, Meltem Ozturan January 2023 – Page No.: 121-129

As the role of information technology (IT) in the world has been tremendously increasing each day, its effects on the environment are becoming more crucial for our daily lives. Green IT has been investigated in the literature for almost 15 years since it was first mentioned. It focuses on IT’s role in the environment in regard to sustainable practices for both organizations and individuals. This study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding on the precedent effects of green IT behavior of young generation.
In this study, a theoretical model is developed to understand the green IT behavior with several dependent variables. Moreover, a relevant questionnaire is developed for each variable and surveyed through university students in Turkey anonymously. Based on the data collected from 242 respondents, it is concluded that the higher environmentalist behavior and higher green IT awareness significantly lead to a higher statistical IT attitude among students. However, the general IT usage does not come out to have a similar relationship. Also no significant difference is found between the groups of mobile phone usage time and between the gender groups in IT attitude. On the other hand, green IT attitude is found to be positively, statistically and significantly associated with green IT behavior.

Page(s): 121-129                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 February 2023

 Ahmet Fatih Ozkul
Bogazici University, Turkey

 Meltem Ozturan
Bogazici University, Turkey

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6. Dalvi-Esfahani, M., Alaedini, Z., Nilashi, M., Samad, S., Asadi, S., & Mohammadi, M. (2020). Students’ green information technology behavior: Beliefs and personality traits. Journal of Cleaner Production, 257, 120406.
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Ahmet Fatih Ozkul, Meltem Ozturan, “Green Information Technology Behavior of Young Generation ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.121-129 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/121-129.pdf

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Coexistence Space as A Manifestation of Symbiotic Space in Multi-Ethnic Villages
Anityas Dian Susanti, Bakti Setiawan, Dyah Titisari Widyastuti January 2023 – Page No.: 130-144

This paper explains the views of multiethnic people who live side by side in peace or co-existence. In this view, it is appropriate for them to live peacefully without conflict. Many social problems in a multi-ethnic society, among others, occur in Indonesia which is a multi-ethnic country with many tribes and nations where there are many differences and inter-ethnic problems that occur, but Indonesia is also a country with a high level of solidarity so as to minimize the consequences. The topic discussed was about a multi-ethnic society, namely Javanese, Chinese, and Koja ethnics.. They lived in one area, in it there are several urban villages, namely Bustaman Village, Pekojan Village, Tay Kak Sie Temple Area, Jami’ Pekojan Mosque Area, and several villages around. The activities of the multiethnic community in the village of Purwodinatan are socio-cultural, religious and trade activities. The issues raised are how they can live side by side without conflict and the spatial form of the adjoining villages. This paper aims to describe the perspective of multiethnic society in the use of shared space. Several forms of space used by multiethnic communities in Semarang, Indonesia, will be found with the grounded method which is based on inductive research. This study finds the patterns of use of co-existence space carried out by multi-ethnic communities in Semarang, namely socio-cultural, economic and religious, which are their views in everyday life.

Page(s): 130-144                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 February 2023

  Anityas Dian Susanti
Doctoral Student, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia

  Bakti Setiawan
Professor, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia

  Dyah Titisari Widyastuti
Doctor, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia

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Anityas Dian Susanti, Bakti Setiawan, Dyah Titisari Widyastuti , “Coexistence Space as A Manifestation of Symbiotic Space in Multi-Ethnic Villages ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.130-144 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/130-144.pdf

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Bioactive and Nutritional Constituents, In Vitro Functionality, and Food and Therapeutic Potentials of a Syrup Prepared from Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis) Sap
Fred Omon Oboh, Chioma Ndukwe, Ozioma Ononuju January 2023 – Page No.: 145-155

A syrup prepared from the sap of the African oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq) was evaluated in vitro, for application as a nutritional, bioactive sweetener and flavouring by determination of its carbohydrate content, sugar, organic acid, and phenolic compositions, and also, its pH, titrable acidity, vitamin C, and functional characteristics at various concentrations. The syrup exhibited high total phenolic content (TPC) (70.82-510.2 mg GAE/L) at the various concentrations studied (5-40% wt/vol). Thirty-four phenolic compounds were identified, with syringic (28.91%), vanillic (24.48%), gallic (17.93%) and ferulic (10.88%) acids as the dominant constituents; 30 others were present in minor and trace concentrations. The various concentrations of palm syrup exhibited acid pH values of 3.2-3.0, high vitamin C (7.67-61.34 mg %) and low titrable acidity (0.31-1.49%), with malic (35.76%), tartaric (21.86%), lactic (16.36%), acetic (12.71%), and oxalic (9.81%) as the major organic acids. Total carbohydrate content was 67.73±0.72%, and glucose (75.69 %) and fructose (19.31%) were the major sugars; sucrose (4.83%) was a minor constituent. The favourable organic acid, carbohydrate, and phenolic profiles, high carbohydrate, vitamin C, and total phenolic contents, high DPPH radical scavenging activity (IC50 = 2.88 g/ml), modest reducing power (IC50 = 25.3 g/ml), and high α-amylase inhibitory activity (IC50 = 0.45 mg/ml) of the palm syrup recommend it as a functional sweetener and flavouring, with possible therapeutic benefits

Page(s): 145-155                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 February 2023

 Fred Omon Oboh
Department of Biological Sciences, Benson Idahosa University, P.M.B. 1100, Benin City

 Chioma Ndukwe
Department of Biological Sciences, Benson Idahosa University, P.M.B. 1100, Benin City

 Ozioma Ononuju
Department of Biological Sciences, Benson Idahosa University, P.M.B. 1100, Benin City

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Fred Omon Oboh, Chioma Ndukwe, Ozioma Ononuju, “Bioactive and Nutritional Constituents, In Vitro Functionality, and Food and Therapeutic Potentials of a Syrup Prepared from Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis) Sap ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.145-155 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/145-155.pdf

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Transformation of Kuthagara: Continuity and Change in Yogyakarta Heritage City
Danang Yulisaksono, Ikaputra, Laretna Trisnantari Adishakti January 2023 – Page No.: 156-171

Heritage Cities today take advantage of the status of UNESCO’s world heritage property and its strategies of conservation. Since these cities experience substantial urban transformations, especially as an object of urban tourism, changes are a substantial part. One of the focuses of the 2011 UNESCO Historic Urban Landscape recommendation is the management of change. However, the management of change in recent times needs to reassess how changes were handled in the past to be learned. Yogyakarta, one of the major heritage cities in Indonesia, has a similar phenomenon. The transformation of the heritage city of Yogyakarta is the case to be observed. The paper tried to reveal continuity and changes in the transformation of Yogyakarta’s Kuthagara which defines Yogyakarta Heritage City today, as the act of management of change. The methodology was urban morphological analysis and grounded theory analysis. The result reveals that although the Kuthagara has survived changes and maintained its cultural continuity, the dynamic changes from economic and cultural forces need to be managed further through the Historic Urban Landscape approach

Page(s): 156-171                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 February 2023

 Danang Yulisaksono
Department of Architecture and Planning, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Department of Architecture and Planning, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

  Laretna Trisnantari Adishakti
Department of Architecture and Planning, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

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Danang Yulisaksono, Ikaputra, Laretna Trisnantari Adishakti , “Transformation of Kuthagara: Continuity and Change in Yogyakarta Heritage City ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.156-171 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/156-171.pdf

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Effects of Peer Counselling on Learners Mental Wellness: From Theory to Practice towards Enhancement of the Self
Jeniffer Maiwa, Esther Kiaritha January 2023 – Page No.: 172-180

Adolescents face an increasing myriad of challenges due to emotional, physical and mental growth and development. This is coupled with modern challenges of the youth such as peer pressure, academic demands among other issues. This paper is based on a study conducted among secondary schools in Kericho county Kenya, with an aim of establishing the effect of peer counselling on learners’ mental wellbeing and was anchored on Social Cognitive theory by Albert Bandura. The study-generated data from 12 schools, among 398 students and 48 peer counsellors selected by simple random sampling. Additionally, 12 heads of guidance and counselling and principals were included. The study adopted pragmatic paradigm, used mixed method research approach. The study used convergent parallel mixed methods research design where data was collected using questionnaires, interview schedules and focus group discussion. Quantitative data was analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics, qualitative data was thematically analyzed through selective coding. The results of the study revealed that peer counselling had significant influence on learners’ mental wellbeing, with a significant impact of β=0.595, p=0.000. The qualitative data enriched these results since the findings revealed that peer counselling encouraged learners to focus on the future not the past. The paper therefore argues that peer counselling has a positive influence on learners’ mental wellbeing and recommends that sensitization be made to of principals, teachers and heads of guidance and counselling on the benefits of peer counselling on learners in order to enhance learners’ mental health towards self enhancement.

Page(s): 172-180                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 23 February 2023

 Jeniffer Maiwa
Moi University, Kenya

 Esther Kiaritha
Moi University, Kenya

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Jeniffer Maiwa, Esther Kiaritha, “Effects of Peer Counselling on Learners Mental Wellness: From Theory to Practice towards Enhancement of the Self ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.172-180 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/172-180.pdf

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The Cultural, Spiritual, Psychological and Ethical Implications of Prayer in Therapy among the Igbo People in Nigeria
Uchenna Kalu Agwu, Joyzy Pius Egunjobi, Ph.D., Dr. AD January 2023 – Page No.: 181-185

Spirituality is becoming an increasingly important aspect of therapy, with prayer, mindfulness, forgiveness, compassion and other spiritual interventions being the choice for therapists. While the controversial nature of including prayer in therapy requires careful consideration of ethical issues, there is no doubt that within the African setting, prayer is used as an intervention in many therapy and mental health domains. Thus, the objective of this qualitative study was to address the cultural, spiritual and psychological implications of the use of prayer during therapy, its multicultural sensitivity, and values among the Igbo people in Nigeria. The study adopted a phenomenological design with a sample size of 15 respondents obtained using convenient sampling. The findings of the study reveal that prayer forms an integral component in the practice of therapy. Although prayer may not heal all physical or mental ailments, it can improve the quality of life and how a person sees his/her personal condition. The study therefore recommends that to improve the care of clients, therapists should develop a patient-centered, spiritually sensitive form of therapy in which religious issues are addressed gently and appropriately with dignity, respect, and integrity.

Page(s): 181-185                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 February 2023

 Uchenna Kalu Agwu
Department of Counseling Psychology, Catholic University of Eastern Africa, Nairobi, Kenya

  Joyzy Pius Egunjobi, Ph.D., Dr. AD
Department of Counseling Psychology, Catholic University of Eastern Africa, Nairobi, Kenya
Psycho-Spiritual Institute of Lux Terra Leadership Foundation, Nairobi, Kenya

1. Asuzu, C. C., Akin-Odanye, E. O., Asuzu, M. C., & Holland, J. (2019). A socio-cultural study of traditional healers role in African health care. Infectious Agents and Cancer, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13027-019-0232-y
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8. Onibokun, A. C., & Adenipekun, A. (2015). Impacting cultural attitudes and religious beliefs in Nigerian women to decrease breast cancer mortality: Implication to nursing. Cancer Nursing, 38(4).
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13. van der Watt, A. S. J., Das-Brailsford, P., Mbanga, I., & Seedat, S. (2020). South African isiXhosa traditional healer self-identification, training, practices, and their perceptions of collaboration with medical providers: an exploratory study. South African Journal of Psychology, 50(1). https://doi.org/10.1177/0081246319856984
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15. Weld, C., & Eriksen, K. (2007b). The ethics of prayer in counseling. Counseling and Values, 51(2). https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-007X.2007.tb00070.x

Uchenna Kalu Agwu, Joyzy Pius Egunjobi, Ph.D., Dr. AD , “The Cultural, Spiritual, Psychological and Ethical Implications of Prayer in Therapy among the Igbo People in Nigeria ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.181-185 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/181-185.pdf

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Correlation between the quality of health care services and renumeration of health care workers in Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Olubiyi Simeon Kayode, Olaopa Olatunji Oyedele, Anyebe E. Emmanuel, Sanusi A. Akanji, Olubiyi I. Janet, Omotoriogun Mabel& Isijola M January 2023 – Page No.: 186-193

Health care service is seen as intangible product that cannot physically be touched, felt, viewed, counted, or measured as manufactured products. When tangible goods are produced, it allows for quantitative measurement of quality, since they can be sampled and tested throughout the production process and in subsequent use. Remuneration can be described as the total amount of that which an employee receives for performing a job. It goes beyond the basic salary to include all other forms of financial compensations accrued to the employee per time. Remuneration currently includes a company’s contribution to a retirement plan, consideration of tips, stock shares, bonuses and other financial compensations. The health care worker is the person that has acquired training and skill to care and render services to the sick and ailing either directly like doctors and nurses or indirectly as helpers, social workers, aides, laboratory technicians or even medical waste handlers. According to World Health Organization (WHO) in the recognition of the valuable input of health care workers declared the years 2006 to 2015 as “The decade of the human resources of health”. Health care environment happens to be most exposed to hazardous agent and injury prone than most other working environments. It is observed that the workers in this industry of health were constantly exposed to extensive health and safety hazards ranging from biological exposure to disease causing organisms or chemicals with destructive elements. Certainly, as humanitarians, health care workers ignored their convenience to cater for the sick, the well, the vulnerable, the handicapped among others and even at the pressure of challenge to their own personal wellbeing. It is therefore morally expected of employers of this group of workers to ensure they are adequately remunerated. This research study assessed the correlation between the quality of health care services and remuneration of health care workers in Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti. It examined influence of remuneration on performance in health care service delivery in the facility, the correlation between qualities of health care services and remuneration of health care workers in Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital. A descriptive research design of survey type was used in conducting the study with population for the study made up of health care workers of the institution. Simple random and purposeful sampling techniques was used in the selection of eighty four ninety workers as sample sampled respondents and data for the study were collected using a self-structured questionnaire. The instrument was validated while reliability was carried out on the instrument and level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05 at confidence interval of 95% for all inferential analysis. Data was analyzed using SPSS 20.0 statistical package with descriptive and inferential statistics of Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation and independent T-test. Findings revealed rewards have positive and significant effect on employees’ performance, positive and significant level between quality of health care services and remuneration of health care workers in Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti; pay and income was a hygienic factor that affects ability to recruit and retain good quality workforce. Based on the findings, measures should be put in place to facilitate better and prompt payment of salaries, wages and all entitlements, motivating factors like super package, vacation bonus can be introduced to improve performance among health care workers.

Page(s): 186-193                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 February 2023

 Olubiyi Simeon Kayode
Department of Nursing Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.

 Olaopa Olatunji Oyedele
Maternity Theatre Unit, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

 Anyebe E. Emmanuel
Department of Nursing Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.

 Sanusi A. Akanji
Department of Health Promotion & Environmental Health, Faculty of Education, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.

 Olubiyi I. Janet
Department of Nursing Sciences, Thomas Adewumi University, Oko, Omuaran, Nigeria.

 Omotoriogun Mabel
Department of Nursing Science, Achievers University, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria

 Isijola M.
Maternity Theatre Unit, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti.

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Olubiyi Simeon Kayode, Olaopa Olatunji Oyedele, Anyebe E. Emmanuel, Sanusi A. Akanji, Olubiyi I. Janet, Omotoriogun Mabel& Isijola M, “Correlation between the quality of health care services and renumeration of health care workers in Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.186-193 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/186-193.pdf

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Am I a Kindergarten Teacher? Examining the Role of School Context factors and Professional Development in the Central Region of Ghana
Bismark Nyaaba Akanzire, Winston K. Abroampa January 2023 – Page No.: 194-202

The study examines the Role of School Contextual factors and Professional Development of Kindergarten teachers in the Mankessim Municipality of Ghana’s Central Region. The pragmatist paradigm of knowledge acquisition guided the study, with the use of a concurrent mixed method design with identical samples for quantitative and qualitative data. The study’s target population included all Kindergarten teachers in the Central Region of Ghana. As a result, the census sampling procedure was used to select 182 kindergarten teachers for the study. The main instrument for this study was a four-point Likert-type scale questionnaire with both closed and open-ended items. The closed-ended items were scored on a scale of 1-4 with options ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. The quantitative data was analysed using means and standard deviation whiles the qualitative data were analysed thematically. After data was analysed and interpreted, the following conclusions were made: Contextual factors typically have an impact on how kindergarten teacher develops their professional identity. Secondly, Head teachers’ leadership styles, the experiences of kindergarten teachers, and parents and society’s perceptions of early childhood were the contextual factors that had the highest means and the greatest impact on kindergarten teachers’ professional identities. Professional identity development for kindergarten teachers is impacted by opportunities for professional development like pursuing higher education, in-service training, and other opportunities

Page(s): 194-202                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 February 2023

 Bismark Nyaaba Akanzire
Department of Education, Gambaga College of Education, Ghana

  Joyzy Pius Egunjobi, Ph.D., Dr. AD
Department of Education, Gambaga College of Education, Ghana

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Bismark Nyaaba Akanzire, Winston K. Abroampa , “Am I a Kindergarten Teacher? Examining the Role of School Context factors and Professional Development in the Central Region of Ghana ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.194-202 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/194-202.pdf

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Time Obstructor – A Milestones Observatory
John David (U.S) and Sergio Patricio (Austria/Chile) January 2023 – Page No.: 203-210

This article presents several ideas about Time as a perception of reality and how once added to a model of perception in action art, it could be obstructed by some factors called time obstructors, thus making it possible for new observations about the process, mechanisms of creation of the “here and now” and their structures in “real-time”. The problem observed is that Time is a constant, and the plan becomes a problem when it is part of the creation of time-based media art. Specifically, this article poses the idea of an obstructor of time, basically by doing a link-bridge between the development and then when the current action happened. The use of -anticipation- and -selective router- makes the concept of observation possible. The novel temporality obstructor makes it useful to modify behaviors, change goals, and complete tasks related to the actions planned as well as connect with the model of analysis of action art based on the factors: context, sense-making, efficiency, effect, attractors, sensitizer, activators and now the temporality obstructor.

Page(s): 203-210                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 February 2023

 John David

 Sergio Patricio
University of Applied Arts Vienna

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Olubiyi Simeon Kayode, Olaopa Olatunji Oyedele, Anyebe E. Emmanuel, Sanusi A. Akanji, Olubiyi I. Janet, Omotoriogun Mabel& Isijola M, “Time Obstructor – A Milestones Observatory” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 1, pp.203-210 January 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-1/203-210.pdf

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