Volume X Issue III

Cannabis sativa: Industrial Hemp (fiber-type)- An emerging opportunity for India
Ravindra B. Malabadi, Kiran P. Kolkar, Raju K. Chalannavar March 2023 – Page No.: 01-09

This literature review paper is presented as a part of the educational awareness about the Cannabis sativa, particularly the Industrial Hemp (fiber-type). Cannabis sativa was originally a native of India growing as a wild medicinal plant in the Himalayan region. The cultivation and use of Industrial hemp (fiber type) is historically rooted in the Indian subcontinent and this rich heritage of cannabis use dates back to at least two thousand years. Industrial hemp (fiber type) is a versatile commercial crop that has been used for fiber, food, medicinal purposes and building construction material, Hempcrete. Many studies have demonstrated that the nutrient and bioactive composition of hemp contributes to the prevention and treatment of several ailments suggesting its potential as a valuable functional food ingredient. Industrial hemp (fiber type) and medical Cannabis (marijuana type) have primarily been differentiated by their levels of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) production. Industrial hemp (fiber type) can be refined into a variety of commercial items, including paper, artificial hair, rope, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, biofuel, food, and animal feed. This review sought to highlight these advances in understanding the medical, nutritional, and nutraceutical benefits of industrial hemp (fiber type).

Page(s): 01-09                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 March 2023

 Ravindra B. Malabadi
Department of Applied Botany, Mangalore University, Mangalagangotri-574199, Mangalore, Karnataka State, India

 Kiran P. Kolkar
Department of Botany, Karnatak Science College, Dharwad-580003, Karnataka State, India

 Raju K. Chalannavar
Department of Botany, Karnatak Science College, Dharwad-580003, Karnataka State, India

1. Vasantha Rupasinghe HP, Davis A, Kumar SK, Beth Murray B, Zheljazkov VD. Industrial Hemp (Cannabis sativa subsp. sativa) as an Emerging Source for Value-Added Functional Food Ingredients and Nutraceuticals. Molecules. 2020; 25: 4078.
2. . Andre CM, Hausman JF, Guerriero G. Cannabis sativa: The plant of the thousand and one molecules. Front. Plant Sci. 2016; 7:19.
3. Vonapartis E, Aubin MP, Seguin P, Mustafa AF, Charron JB. Seed composition of ten industrial hemp cultivars approved for production in Canada. J. Food Composit. Anal. 2015; 39: 8–12.
4. Callaway JC. Hempseed as a nutritional resource: An overview. Euphytica. 2004;140: 65–72.
5. Ranalli P, Venturi G. Hemp as a raw material for industrial applications. Euphytica. 2004; 140: 1–6.
6. Small E. Cannabis: A Complete Guide; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, USA, 2017.
7. Russo EB. History of cannabis and its preparations in Saga, Science, and Sobriquet. Chem. Biodiver. 2007; 4:1614–1648.
8. Gokhale C, Bhardwaj R. Brief study of Cannabis sativa: A Review. International Journal of Information and Computing Science. 2018;5(8):123-30.
9. Chopra IC, Chopra RN. The Use of the Cannabis Drugs in India. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 1957;4-29. https://www.unodc.org/unodc/ en/ data-and-analysis/bulletin/bulletin_ 1957-01-01_1_page003.html.
10. Aggarwal SK. Cannabis Fear Deconditioning: An Autobiological Marijuana Memoir of a South Asian-Oklahoman Physician-Scientist. Journal of Ethnobiology. 2018;38(4):489-503.

11. Karki P, Rangaswamy M. A Review of Historical Context and Current Research on Cannabis Use in India. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine. 2022; XX:1–12.
12. Datwyler SL, Weiblen GD. Genetic variation in hemp and marijuana (Cannabis sativa L.) according to amplified fragment length polymorphisms. J. Forensic Sci. 2006; 51: 371–375.
13. Mass E. Hemp: The new, old fiber makes a comeback for clothes, fabrics, and home furnishings. Nat. Life. 2009; 127: 36.
14. Tang CH, Ten Z, Wang XS, Yang XQ. Physicochemical and functional properties of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) protein isolate. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2006; 54: 8945–8950.
15. Shahzad A. Hemp fiber and its composites—A review. J. Comp. Mater. 2012; 46: 973–986.
16. Deferne JL, Pate DW. Hemp seed oil: A source of valuable essential fatty acids. J. Int. Hemp Assoc. 1996; 3: 4–7.
17. Industrial Hemp Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Product (Seeds, Fiber, Shivs), By Application (Animal Care, Textiles, Personal Care), By Region (North America, APAC), And Segment Forecasts, 2022 – 2030. Report ID: GVR-2-68038-389-8. Number of Pages: 143 Format: Electronic (PDF). Grand View Research Inc., 201, San Franscico, CA, USA. Grand View Research Inc Report (Industrial Hemp Market Size & Share Report, 2022-2030 (www. grandviewresearch.com).
18. Kuddus M, Ginawi IAM, Al-Hazimi A. Cannabis sativa: An ancient wild edible plant of India. Emir. J. Food Agric. 2013; 25 (10): 736-745.
19. Singh S, Balhara YPS. A review of Indian research on co-occurring cannabis use disorders & psychiatric disorders. Indian J. Med. Res. 2017; 146: 186-195.
20. Deolaliwala D. Indian Hemp Industry: Understanding The Legal Challenges And Market Opportunities. Indian Hemp Industry: Understanding The Legal Challenges And Market Opportunities – Inc42 Media. 22nd January 2022.
21. Narayanan J. ‘Great to see a misunderstood plant in positive light’: The rise of hemp and its by-products in India | Lifestyle News, The Indian Express. Pune | February 8, 2022 12:30 IST.
22. Crescente G, Piccolella S, Esposito A, Scognamiglio M, Fiorentino A, Pacifico S. Chemical composition and nutraceutical properties of hempseed: An ancient food with actual functional value. Phytochem. Rev. 2018; 17: 733–749.
23. Nath MK. Benefits of Cultivating Industrial Hemp (Cannabis sativa ssp. sativa)—A Versatile Plant for a Sustainable Future. Chem. Proc. 2022; 10: 14.
24. Liu FH. Hu HR, Du GH, Deng G, Yang Y. Ethnobotanical Research on Origin, Cultivation, Distribution and Utilization of Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) in China. Indian J. Tradit. Knowl. 2017.
25. Malabadi RB*, Kolkar KP, Chalannavar RK (2023) Cannabis sativa: Ethnobotany and Phytochemistry. International Journal of Innovation Scientific Research and Review. 5(2): 3990-3998.

Ravindra B. Malabadi, Kiran P. Kolkar, Raju K. Chalannavar, “Cannabis sativa: Industrial Hemp (fiber-type)- An emerging opportunity for India” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 3, pp.01-09 March 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-3/01-09.pdf

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Public Participation in the Governance of Busia County – Kenya
Michael Otieno Oloo, Prof. W. Okumu Bigambo, Dr. Masibo Lumala March 2023 – Page No.: 10-22

Public Participation (PP) was inscribed in Kenya’s 2010 constitution to facilitate collaborative dialogue in governance. Inclusive governance was meant to sustain citizens’ empowerment and wellbeing. This study explored the communicative performance of PP in governance at Busia County. The questions comprised: How does Busia County use Public Participation as a tool of communication with the stakeholders? What are the benefits of Public Participation in County governance? What are some of the challenges of using Public Participation in governance at Busia County? Newcomb’s communication model was applied to illustrate the role of PP in governance. The inquiry was carried out through a qualitative approach and case study method. Barnlund’s Transactional Model provided the study with functional communication cues inherent in collaborative engagements. Purposive sampling was used to raise 35 participants from seven sub-counties of the county. The participants comprised teachers, traders, farmers, MCAs and County Government staff. The qualitative data was analyzed through a thematic technique. The study established apathy and lack of committed goodwill by the leadership as the major setback to PP in governance. The knowledge of PC on PP functions in governance is significant information to academia. To policymakers, the findings are useful for formulating and sustaining legal and enforceable communication frameworks to improve inclusive governance. To practice, the proposed ideals would empower PREs to be responsible advocates and enforce goodwill for mutual gains of all county stakeholders. The findings would further good governance in CG and facilitate the general publics to have a say in the prioritization and implementation of their development wishes. These ideals would liberate citizens from challenges associated with underdevelopment, thus culminating in sustainable livelihood and happiness.

Page(s): 10-22                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 April 2023

 Michael Otieno Oloo
Department of Publishing, Journalism and Communication Studies, School of Information Sciences, Kenya Moi University, P.O Box 3900-30100, Eldoret Kenya

 Prof. W. Okumu Bigambo
Department of Publishing, Journalism and Communication Studies, School of Information Sciences, Kenya Moi University, P.O Box 3900-30100, Eldoret Kenya

 Dr. Masibo Lumala
Department of Publishing, Journalism and Communication Studies, School of Information Sciences, Kenya Moi University, P.O Box 3900-30100, Eldoret Kenya

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Michael Otieno Oloo, Prof. W. Okumu Bigambo, Dr. Masibo Lumala, “Public Participation in the Governance of Busia County – Kenya” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 3, pp.10-22 March 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-3/10-22.pdf

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Occupational Health Hazards of Women in Healthcare: The Lived Experience of Female Nurses of West Bengal, India
Mahua Patra March 2023 – Page No.: 23-28

This qualitative study aimed to explore the occupational health hazards faced by female nurses in West Bengal, India. Twenty female nurses were interviewed, and thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. The findings revealed that female nurses faced physical, biological, and psychosocial hazards, including exposure to hazardous substances, infectious diseases, reproductive problems, stress, workplace violence, and harassment. These hazards had negative effects on the health and well-being of the nurses. The study highlights the need for improved working conditions and safety measures in healthcare settings and recommends the development and implementation of policies and guidelines to address the occupational health hazards faced by female nurses in India. Additionally, training and education programs should be provided to nurses to promote safe work practices and raise awareness of the hazards.

Page(s): 23-28                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 April 2023

 Mahua Patra
Maulana Azad College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

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Mahua Patra , “Occupational Health Hazards of Women in Healthcare: The Lived Experience of Female Nurses of West Bengal, India ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 3, pp.23-28 March 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-3/23-28.pdf

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Effect of Aqueous Extract of Soya Bean (Glycine Max) on the Male Reproductive Hormones and the Testes of Male Albino Wistar Rats
Darlington-Peter Chibuzor UGOJI, Emmanuel Chijioke Uwakwe, Ugochukwu Sunday Julius Ezenyirioha, Kelvin Emeka Ortuanya, Sunday Emmanuel Ucha, Grace Umahi, Elizabeth Besong, John Chukwuka Igwe March 2023 – Page No.: 29-34

Soya bean is a widely used plant seed that possess phytosteriods components like isoflavones, coumestans and ligans, though rich in isoflavones. This has been shown to act on the steroid receptors thereby either exiting or inhibiting the receptor site and subsequently the function of the receptor. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of soya bean aqueous extract on the testis and male reproductive hormones using adult male albino Wistar rats. Fifteen adult male rats were assigned into three groups of 5 animals each. Group 1 was negative control. Both groups 2 and 3 were treated with 100mg/kg and 200mg/kg of soya bean aqueous extract respectively. Treatment of the animals lasted for 4weeks and was done orally. Blood sample was collected and assayed for FSH, LH and testosterone hormones. The testes were also processed for histological studies. The result showed general increases in hormonal levels. However, FSH was marginally significant only in group 3 when compared to group 1. Histological examination of the testis showed more testicular tubular development in groups 3 and 2 when compared to group 1. We concluded that soya beans have positive effect on the testes and male reproductive hormones. However, a further study in human is recommended especially in the aspect of management of male infertility.

Page(s): 29-34                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 April 2023

 Darlington-Peter Chibuzor UGOJI
Department of Physiology, Ebonyi State University, Nigeria
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

 Emmanuel Chijioke Uwakwe
Department of Physiology, Ebonyi State University, Nigeria
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

 Ugochukwu Sunday Julius Ezenyirioha
Julius Ezenyirioha Memorial Hospital and Maternity, Abakpa Nike, Enugu State, Nigeria

 Kelvin Emeka Ortuanya
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Parklane, Enugu State, Nigeria

 Sunday Emmanuel Ucha
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

 Grace Umahi
Department of Physiology, Ebonyi State University, Nigeria

 Elizabeth Besong
Department of Physiology, Ebonyi State University, Nigeria

 John Chukwuka Igwe
Department of Physiology, Ebonyi State University, Nigeria

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Darlington-Peter Chibuzor UGOJI, Emmanuel Chijioke Uwakwe, Ugochukwu Sunday Julius Ezenyirioha, Kelvin Emeka Ortuanya, Sunday Emmanuel Ucha, Grace Umahi, Elizabeth Besong, John Chukwuka Igwe , “Effect of Aqueous Extract of Soya Bean (Glycine Max) on the Male Reproductive Hormones and the Testes of Male Albino Wistar Rats ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 3, pp.29-34 March 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-3/29-34.pdf

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Bracing for the Storm: The Imperative of Psycho-Trauma Training in Nigerian Seminaries
Richard Ehusani, Ph.D. March 2023 – Page No.: 35-44

Seminary formation programmes in Nigeria do not include trauma training, consequently leaving seminarians completely unprepared to provide trauma care and counselling when they become priests. The present study is an attempt to build support for incorporating trauma training into seminary classrooms. The aim was to show that preparing seminarians for the emotional reactions they may experience while providing trauma care is a necessity, given the increasing prevalence of stress and trauma in Nigeria. A purposive convenience sampling technique was used to recruit senior seminarians from two Catholic major seminaries in Nigeria. Responding to a Likert-type survey created for this study, 83 seminarians provided usable data regarding the following variables: Trauma awareness levels; Perceived readiness to provide trauma care; and levels of experience garnered from annual (6-weeks) apostolic internship. The statistical package for social science research (SPSS) version 25 aided the analysis of data, including the measurement and correlation test of the variables. The results indicated that most of the seminarians (n = 61, 73.4% of the sample) were hardly aware of the potentially traumatizing aspects of pastoral work. Although they had slightly higher scores for their perceived readiness to provide trauma care than they had for trauma awareness, the results showed that these two variables had a statistically non-significant relationship. There was also no significant relationship between their experience from annual pastoral internships and their abysmally low trauma awareness scores. These results suggest the importance of targeted training in basic trauma awareness for seminarians in Nigeria. Implications for seminaries and future studies are discussed.

Page(s): 35-44                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 April 2023

 Richard Ehusani, Ph.D.
Psycho-Spiritual Institute of Lux Terra Leadership Foundation, Nairobi, Kenya

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Richard Ehusani, Ph.D., “Bracing for the Storm: The Imperative of Psycho-Trauma Training in Nigerian Seminaries” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 3, pp.35-44 March 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-3/35-44.pdf

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Rural Youth Participation in Agriculture-Based livelihood Activities in Abuja, Nigeria
Suleiman Ari Maisule, Samson Olayemi Sennuga, Joseph Bamidele, Alabuja Funso Omolayo & Osho-Lagunju Bankole March 2023 – Page No.: 45-62

The study examined the factors affecting rural youth participation in agriculture-based livelihood activities in Bwari Area Council Abuja, Nigeria. The study was conducted in Ushafa, Peyi, Jigo and Pambara in Bwari. four objectives guided the study. The study adopted a descriptive research design. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select the communities in which youth are predominant for the study. Focus groups, in-depth interviews, and a structured interview schedule were used to gather primary data. Data were analyzed using frequency and percentages. The sample size of the study was 100 rural youth made up of 25 youths from each of the communities which were purposively selected. The result pointed out that this high low level of participation was due to a lack of finance (90%), a lack of inputs (88%), a lack of production and management skills (60%), environmental issues (74%), market access (58%), and market unavailability (57%) which are the major challenges that the youth face when opting for a profession in agriculturee. However, The study discovered that the majority of youth aspired to non-agricultural occupations such as skilled jobs and business rather than agricultural occupations despite having a mixed perception towards it. Hence, it is recommended that, adequate support and capital investment should be made available and Youth extension should be included in each state’s agricultural extension intervention programs to encourage active youth participation in agricultural production and food security efforts etc. Finally all stakeholders must make efforts to create favourable environment for increasing youth participation in agriculture-based livelihood activities through the Ministry of Agriculture, should consider a strategies to encourage, educate, as well as help the youth who want to work and have interest in agriculture.

Page(s): 45-62                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 08 April 2023

 Suleiman Ari Maisule
Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Abuja, FCT, P.M.B. 117, Abuja, Nigeria

 Samson Olayemi Sennuga
Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Abuja, FCT, P.M.B. 117, Abuja, Nigeria

 Joseph Bamidele
Faculty of Business and Law, University of Northampton, Northampton, UK

 Alabuja Funso Omolayo
Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Abuja, FCT, P.M.B. 117, Abuja, Nigeria

 Osho-Lagunju Bankole
Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Abuja, FCT, P.M.B. 117, Abuja, Nigeria

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Suleiman Ari Maisule, Samson Olayemi Sennuga, Joseph Bamidele, Alabuja Funso Omolayo & Osho-Lagunju Bankole, “Rural Youth Participation in Agriculture-Based livelihood Activities in Abuja, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 3, pp.45-62 March 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-3/45-62.pdf

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The strategic role of the Human Capital Management Function in the Disaster Risk Reduction Discourse in the 21st century work environment: The Zimbabwean context
Sazane Jethro Ngwenya, Sifelani Ngwenya, Lulamani Ngwenya March 2023 – Page No.: 63-70

Disasters of varying magnitudes have left memorable historical catastrophic footprints, world over and workplaces are not exempt from these phenomena. As such, various initiatives and legislations have been put in place to curtail the impact of disasters. This study explores the strategic role of the Human Capital Management Function (HCM) in building Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) management capability at workplaces in the backdrop of escalating disasters that threaten business continuity and livelihoods of employees globally. The study adopted a qualitative method approach, which influenced the subsequent usage of desktop review, and semi-structured questionnaires to collect qualitative data from a randomly selected sample of thirty one (31) participants (Human Resource Practitioners, Lecturers, Human Resource Management university students and Disaster Management experts). Study participants were drawn from Bulawayo, Midlands, and Matabeleland South provinces of Zimbabwe. Gathered data were thematically analysed and reported. The study found that both HCM and DRR practitioners concurred that DRR is key for ensuring the general Health and Safety of employees. The study observed that the DRR legislation of Zimbabwe (the Civil Protection Act [Chapter 10:06] of 1989) pays little or no attention to the HCM’s function in DRR. However, despite this drawback, HCM was found to be key in building and promoting DRR capacities and capabilities at the workplace. This paper unravels the need to legislate the DRR process at workplace level so as to empower HCM practitioners in the same manner as other legislated HCM functions

Page(s): 63-70                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 April 2023

 Sazane Jethro Ngwenya
Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Resource Management, Midlands State University, Zimbabwe

 Sifelani Ngwenya
Centre for Evaluation Science, Lupane State University, Zimbabwe

 Lulamani Ngwenya

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Sazane Jethro Ngwenya, Sifelani Ngwenya, Lulamani Ngwenya, “The strategic role of the Human Capital Management Function in the Disaster Risk Reduction Discourse in the 21st century work environment: The Zimbabwean context” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 3, pp.63-70 March 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-3/63-70.pdf

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Effects of Mastery Learning Strategy on Mathematical Competence among Secondary School Students in Kenya
Mary Mulungye, Prof. Henry Embeywa, Dr Collins Ogogo March 2023 – Page No.: 71-76

Despite the fact that Mathematics is considered as a vital subject that supports the development of critical and logical thinking., majority of students across the world dislike mathematics and stay away from many careers related to Mathematics. The students’ lack of interest for mathematics could be attributed to poor quality of instruction and the instructional method deployed but not lack of ability to learn. The purpose of the study was to establish the effect of Mastery Learning Strategy on Mathematical Competence among Secondary School Students in Machakos Sub-County Kenya. The objective of the study was to investigate the impact of mastery learning strategy on improving the students’ mathematical competencies. To achieve the objective a sample of one hundred and fifty four (154) form two students from two schools were randomly placed into either the group taught by using Mastery Learning Strategy (MLS), the experimental group or those taught using Conventional Group Learning (CGL), the control group. The two groups were subjected to a competence test before and after the intervention of MLS. The Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to test whether the two groups’ level of competence test achievement in Mathematics, differed significantly at significance level. The analysis of variance indicated that the mean score difference was significant at as evident by the Fishers ratio and p-value of  F=12.334>F0.05,1,152=3.90 and ( Pr⁡= 0.023<0.05 )respectively. Therefore, the MLS was recommended for improved competence performance. The study recommended a replication of the research to another region and respondents to ascertain the validity and reliability of the findings.

Page(s): 71-76                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 April 2023

 Mary Mulungye
Machakos University, Nairobi, Machakos, Kenya

 Prof. Henry Embeywa
Machakos University, Nairobi, Machakos, Kenya

 Dr Collins Ogogo
Machakos University, Nairobi, Machakos, Kenya

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Mary Mulungye, Prof. Henry Embeywa, Dr Collins Ogogo, “Effects of Mastery Learning Strategy on Mathematical Competence among Secondary School Students in Kenya” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 3, pp.71-76 March 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-3/71-76.pdf

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Teachers’ Utilization of Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy in Teaching in Public Secondary Schools in Nandi County, Kenya
Bernard Kipkurui Yegon, Shikuku M. Mulambula, Esther N. Kiaritha March 2023 – Page No.: 77-86

The academic performance of public secondary schools in comparison to private schools is a subject of great concern among stakeholders. The ideal outcome of using Bloom’s Taxonomy is to encourage performance improvement. So, the goal of the study was to ascertain how students’ academic achievement in public secondary schools in Nandi County, Kenya, was related to how teachers utilized Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy in their instruction and assessment. The objective of the study was to determine teachers’ utilization of Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy in teaching in public secondary schools. A pragmatic paradigm was used in the investigation. Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy served as the study’s foundation. With an explanatory sequential design, this study used a mixed method research methodology. The research population consisted of 2055 teachers from 137 public secondary schools. The sample size was 360 teachers from 30 county schools. 30 county schools were selected using simple random sampling, from which 12 Form 3 teachers teaching 6 selected subjects were identified. Lesson observation, questionnaires, and document analysis were used to collect data from teaching. Data was analyzed using frequencies, and means. According to the findings, 58% of the teachers utilized Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy while they were teaching. During class observation, the following percentages were used to teach using Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy: remembering 30%, understanding 29%, applying 16%, analyzing 10%, evaluating 8.0%, and creating 6.0%. The study came to the conclusion that teachers did utilize Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy in their lessons, though the percentages between the researcher’s observation and the participants’ responses varied greatly, suggesting that most teachers do not fully utilize it. This study recommended that all teachers make full utilization of Bloom’s Taxonomy in their instruction in order to encourage students’ critical thinking skills and an analytical approach to learning, which will improve their retention of the material.

Page(s): 77-86                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 April 2023

 Bernard Kipkurui Yegon
Student, Moi University, School of Education, Department of Educational Psychology, P.O. Box 3900, Eldoret, Kenya

 Shikuku M. Mulambula
Lecturer Moi University, School of Education, Department of Educational psychology, P.O. Box 3900, Eldoret, Kenya

 Esther N. Kiaritha
Lecturer Moi University, School of Education, Department of Educational psychology, P.O. Box 3900, Eldoret, Kenya

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Bernard Kipkurui Yegon, Shikuku M. Mulambula, Esther N. Kiaritha, “Teachers’ Utilization of Bloom’s Cognitive Taxonomy in Teaching in Public Secondary Schools in Nandi County, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 3, pp.77-86 March 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-3/77-86.pdf

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The Potential of Trigona Honey as A Functional Food Solution for Malnutrition in Menggala Village, North Lombok Regency, NTB Province, Indonesia
A. Alamsyah, D.N.A. Paramartha, Q.D.Utama, L.Unsunnidhal, R. Jannah, F.Fihiruddin, N. Inayati and E. Basuki March 2023 – Page No.: 87-91

Improving the quality of human resources from Menggala Village is constrained by the low quality of health of the residents in Menggala Village. This condition is known from the large number of residents in Menggala Village who have poor nutritional status. The potential of trigona honey as a functional food solution for malnutrition in Menggala Village, North Lombok Regency, is one of the efforts that can be made to improve the nutritional condition of the community. The purpose of this activity is to improve the poor nutritional status of the community for the better through independent trigona honey therapy. The method used is discussing existing problems with the community, educating and seeing the potential of natural resources, human resources in the village, as well as the potential of Trigona honey in overcoming malnutrition, establishing problem formulations with the community, formulating activity objectives and carrying out activities with the community to overcome malnutrition through the cultivation and development of trigona honeybees independently. Trigona honeybee therapy in overcoming malnutrition can improve the nutritional status of toddlers towards a better direction; this can be seen from the physical and behavioral changes experienced by the community in Menggala Village. The nutritional status of toddlers who are malnourished after being given trigona honey therapy can experience an increase in nutrition towards a better.

Page(s): 87-91                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 April 2023

 A. Alamsyah
Faculty of Food Technology and Agroindustry, Mataram University, Indonesia

 D.N.A. Paramartha
Faculty of Food Technology and Agroindustry, Mataram University, Indonesia

Faculty of Food Technology and Agroindustry, Mataram University, Indonesia

Faculty of Food Technology and Agroindustry, Mataram University, Indonesia

 R. Jannah
Midwifery Study Program, STIKES Yarsi Mataram, Indonesia

Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Politeknik Kesehatan Mataram, Indonesia

 N. Inayati
Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Politeknik Kesehatan Mataram, Indonesia

 E. Basuki
Faculty of Food Technology and Agroindustry, Mataram University, Indonesia

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A. Alamsyah, D.N.A. Paramartha, Q.D.Utama, L.Unsunnidhal, R. Jannah, F.Fihiruddin, N. Inayati and E. Basuki , “The Potential of Trigona Honey as A Functional Food Solution for Malnutrition in Menggala Village, North Lombok Regency, NTB Province, Indonesia ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 3, pp.87-91 March 2023 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-10-issue-3/87-91.pdf

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