Volume X Issue VI

Preparing University Students of English Department for the Kosovo Labor Market: A Case Study Conducted at the University of Prishtina
MSc. Merita Hyseni June 2023 – Page No.: 01-21

This research aims to examine whether graduates of English Department and Literature in Faculty of Philology at University of Prishtina are prepared to enter the labor market and if their higher education preparation meets the requirements of employment. Moreover, this study will try to analyze if there are job skills built and implemented specifically in this department, and what skills are students mostly being taught in this institution. This paper analyzes and interprets the results, by backing up the arguments with factual sources to answer the two broad questions of the study. The findings reveal that while there is a certain level of job skills implementation, particularly in teamwork, research, and critical-thinking skills, there is room for improvement and a need for greater incorporation of employability skills. Most English graduates feel sufficiently prepared for the labor market, but a minority attribute their lack of readiness to the insufficient implementation of job skills. Communication skills, practical skills, leadership skills, critical-thinking skills, and problem-solving skills were identified as areas where students desired higher implementation. The study suggests that additional preparation and training are necessary for English graduates to meet the requirements of the labor market and feel confident before entering employment.

Page(s): 01-21                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 June 2023


 MSc. Merita Hyseni
South East European University, North Macedonia

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2. Cole, G.A. 2002. Personnel and human resource management, 5th Ed. London Continuum York Publishers.
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4. Greenbank, P. (2014). Preparing students for the graduate labour market: from ‘unfreezing’ to ‘action’. Research Gate. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/266266196_Preparing_students_for_the_graduate_labour_market_from_’unfreezing’_to_’action’
5. Halili, I., (2016). Getting Kosovo Back to Work – Assessing Youth Employability in Kosovo. Rochester Institute of Technology. Retrieved from:
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8. Hashim, H.M. (2015). The practice of employability teamwork skills. International Journal for Research in Vocational Education and Training. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283856583_The_Practice_of_Employability_Teamwork_Skills
9. Instituti për Studime të Avancuara GAP..(2017). Përgatitja profesionale për tregun e punës, analiza e sektorit privat të shërbimeve. Retrieved from: https://www.institutigap.org/documents/76037_Pergaditjaprofesionalepertregunepunes.pdf
10. Kottmann, A. , Weert, E., (2013). Higher Education and the Labour Market. International Policy Frameworks for Regulating Graduate Employability. Center for Higher Education Policy Studies. Retrieved from: file:///C:/Users/TECHCOM/Downloads/higher-education-and-the-labour-market.pdf
11. James-Maceachern., M. (2017). Satisfaction and getting a career: Employment expectations of undergraduate students and their use of support services. Third International Conference on Higher Education Advances. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/317942051_Satisfaction_and_Getting_a_Career_Employment_Expectations_of_Undergraduate_Students_and_their_use_of_Support_Services
12. Labor Force Survey (2019). Series 5: Social Statistics. Kosovo Agency of Statistics. Retrieved from: https://ask.rks-gov.net/media/5412/labour-force-survey-2019.pdf
13. Labor Force Survey (2020). Series 5: Social Statistics. Kosovo Agency of Statistics. Retrieved from: https://ask.rks-gov.net/media/5610/afp-tm1-2020-anglisht.pdf
14. Nilsson, S. (2010). Enhancing individual employability: the perspective of Engineering graduates. Education & Training, 52(6/7), 540-551,http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00400911011068487
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16. Patacsil, F.F., Tablatin, S.L.Ch., (2017). Exploring the importance of soft and hard skills as perceived by it internship students and industry: a gap analysis. Journal of Technology and Science Education. 7(3): 347-368. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.3926/jotse.271
17. Robst, J. (2007). Education and job match: The relatedness of college major and work. Economics of Education Review. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/4837307_Education_and_Job_Match_the_Relatedness_of_College_Major_and_Work
18. Sakel,J., Treffers-Daller,J., (2010). Wider perspectives and more options for English Language and Linguistics students. The Higher Education Academy. Retrieved from: https://www.soas.ac.uk/linguistics/graduate-destinations/file75145.pdf
19. Saldana (2008). One: An introduction on codes and coding. Retrieved from https://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/24614_01_Saldana_Ch_01.pdf
20. Selvadurai, S., Choy, A.E., Maros, M., (2017). Generic Skills of Prospective Graduates from the Employers’ Perspectives. Canadian Center of Science and Education. 8 (12). Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272691486_Generic_Skills_of_Prospective_Graduates_from_the_Employers’_Perspectives
21. Shukri, M., Khatibi, A., Erabaddage, G., (2015). Review of literature on graduate employability. Research Gate. 5 (3). Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281926484_Review_of_literature_on_Graduate_Employability
22. Tessema, T.M., Ready, K., Yu, W.W., (2012). Factors affecting college students’ satisfaction with major curriculum: Evidence from nine years of data. International journal of humanities and social science. 2 (2). Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/271077752_Tessema_M_Ready_K_Yu_W_2012_Factors_affecting_College_Students’_Satisfaction_with_Major_Curriculum_Evidence_from_nine_years_of_data_International_Journal_of_Humanities_and_Social_Science_2_2_34-44
23. Weligamage, S., Seingthai, S., (2003). Employer needs and graduate skills: the Gap between employer expectations and job expectations of Sri Lankan University Graduates. Research Gate. Retrievedfrom:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/275344087_Employer_Needs_and_Graduate_Skills_The_Gap_between_Employer_Expectations_and_Job_Expectations_of_Sri_Lankan_University_Graduates
24. Weligamage, S. (2014). Graduates’ Employability Skills: Evidence from Literature Review. Reasearch Gate. Enhancing Employability through Quality Assurance. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Susima_Weligamage/publication/266014502_Graduates’_Employability_Skills_Evidence_from_Literature_Review/links/5728496c08aee491cb4155f8/Graduates-Employability-Skills-Evidence-from-Literature-Review.pdf

MSc. Merita Hyseni, ” Preparing University Students of English Department for the Kosovo Labor Market: A Case Study Conducted at the University of Prishtina ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.01-21 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10601

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Financial Literacy, Risk Perception, and Herding Effects on Investment Decisions
Dian Primanita Oktasari, Nunu Nurjaya, Subur Karyatun June 2023 – Page No.: 22-29

This study aims to analyze financial literacy, risk perception, and herding and its impact on investment decisions. The population in this research is an investor in Jakarta. The sample used is 100 respondents. Calculate based on Lameshow’s formula. The method of data collection using the survey method, with the research instrument is a questionnaire. The data analysis method uses descriptive analytics. This study proves that financial literacy has a positive and significant effect on investment decisions, risk perception has a positive and significant effect on investment decisions and herding has not had a significant effect on investment decisions.

Page(s): 22-29                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 July 2023


 Dian Primanita Oktasari
Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia

 Nunu Nurjaya
Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Nasional, Indonesia

 Subur Karyatun
Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Nasional, Indonesia

1. Awais, M., Laber, F., Rasheed, N., & Khurseed, A. (2017). Impact If Financial Literacy And Investment Experience On Risk Tolerance And Investment Decision:Empirical Evidence From Pakistan. International Journal Pf Economics And Financial Issues, 73-79.
2. Fahmi, I. (2013). Analisis Laporan Keuangan. Bandung.
3. Fityani, I., & E Arfinto. (2013). Analisis Investor Herding Bheviour Dengan Multinominal Logit Regression Pada BEI (Studi Kasus Pada Saham LQ-45 Periode 2009-2014). Fakultas Ekonomika Dan Bisnis.
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8. Keuangan, O. J. (2017). Strategi Nasional Literasi Keuangan Indonesia (Revisi 2017). www.Ojk.Go.Id
9. Kremer, S., & Nautz, D. (2012). Cause And Consequences Of Short-Term Institutional Herding. JEL Classification : G11, G24.
10. Kumar, S., & Goyal, N. (2015). Behavioural Biases In Investment Decision Making – Systematic Literatire Review. Qualitative Research In Financial Issues, 7(1), 88-108
11. Liem, W., & Sukamulja, J. (2017). Perilaku Herding Pada Indeks Sektoral Dan Saham-Saham Terpilih. Mycological Research, 113(2), 2017-221.
12. Lindhe, E. (2012). Herd Behavior In Stock Markets: A Nordic Study. Thesis Master Program Departement Od Economics Lund University.
13. Lusuardi, A., & Mitchell. (2014). The Economic Importance Of Financial Literacy: Theory And Evidence. Journal Economic Literature, 5-44.
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15. Otoritas Jasa Keuangan. (2021). Survei Nasional Literasi dan Inklusi Keuangan 2021-2025. 16 Juli 2022. www.ojk.go.id
16. Oswald, D., & Dkk. (2013). Risk Perception And Safety Behaviour: An Ethnograpic Study. www.Researchgate.Net/Publication.279767040
17. Pradikasari, E., & Isbanah, Y. (2018). Pengaruh Financial Literacy, Illusion Of Control, Overconfidence, Risk Tolerance, Dan Risk Perception Terhadap Keputusan Investasi Pada Mahasiswa Di Kota Surabaya. Jurnal Ilmu Manajemen (JIM), 6(4), 424-434.
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Dian Primanita Oktasari, Nunu Nurjaya, Subur Karyatun , ” Financial Literacy, Risk Perception, and Herding Effects on Investment Decisions ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.22-29 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10602

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Can Liberia Replicatethe Singapore Experience inCurbing Entrenched and Systemic Corruption? A Comparative Analysis
Dr. Ambrues Monboe Nebo June 2023 – Page No.: 30-40

From a qualitative comparative analysis method, this article assesses the possibility of Liberia replicating the Singapore experience as one of the least corrupt Countries in the world.Regarding fighting corruption, the study identified commonalities shared by Liberia and Singapore but with a significant difference that constitutes the research findings. The findings revealed the following:
Unlike Singapore, the political will that is critical to the fight against corruption only manifests in the legislation of institutional and normative frameworks not in enforcement and adequate budgetary appropriation.
Unlike Singapore, Liberia lacks character education important for tackling corrupt behaviors from early ages, shaping students’ mind towards the danger of corruption, and producing excellent students with good moral behavior.
Unlike Singapore, ordinary people’s attitudes, mindsets, and behavior toward corruption remain critical to the fight against corruption in Liberia.
In the affirmative, the study concludes that Liberia can possibly replicate the Singapore experience provided it addresses the significant differences that are not utopia.

Page(s): 30-40                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 July 2023


 Dr. Ambrues Monboe Nebo
Criminal Justice Department, Adventist University of West Africa.

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Dr. Ambrues Monboe Nebo , ” Can Liberia Replicatethe Singapore Experience inCurbing Entrenched and Systemic Corruption? A Comparative Analysis ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.30-40 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10603

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The Nurse Working Performance in an Indonesian Psychiatric Hospital
Nurhayati, Sofia, Marthoenis June 2023 – Page No.: 41-43

Psychiatric nurses working in mental hospitals often experience poor performance due to various pressures from their work environment. However, exactly how they performed in the hospital has yet to be discovered. This study aims to determine the picture of the performance of Psychiatric nurses. The study was a study of 85 nurses. The study used the Six-D Scale of Nursing Performance questionnaire to measure nurses’ performance. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results showed that more than half of the nurses performed well, while the rest did poorly. Therefore, hospital management must pay special attention to motivating underperforming nurses to work optimally in treating patients with mental disorders.

Page(s): 41-43                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 July 2023


Master of Nursing Shia Kuala University, Indonesia

Faculty of Medicine, Syiah Kuala University, Indonesia

Faculty of Nursing, Syiah Kuala University, Indonesia

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2. Damaiyanti, M. (2019). The Relation Between Anxiety and Nurses’ Performance at Atma Husada Mahakam Hospital, Samarinda. Journal of Health Sciences, 7(1), 75-84.
3. Elsayed Abdel Kawy, R., Ahmed AbdEl Latief, S., &; Abd El Baseer Mahmoud, D. (2023). Relationship between Sources of Stress and Work Performance among Nurses Working in Psychiatric Hospital. Benha University Journal of Nursing Science, 4(1), 413-426.
4. Fia, S. D., Fosu-Ayarkwah, C., &; Baidoo, B. (2022). Effects of Stress on the Job Performance of Psychiatric Nurses. Open Journal of Psychology, 58-76.
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6. Hsieh, H.-F., Liu, Y., Hsu, H.-T., Ma, S.-C., Wang, H.-H., &; Ko, C.-H. (2021). Relations between stress and depressive symptoms in psychiatric nurses: the mediating effects of sleep quality and occupational burnout. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(14), 7327.
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13. Wahyuningsih, D., &; Wulansari, N. A. (2016). The Impact of Psychological Capital On Nurse’s ™ Performance: The Mediating Role of Psychological Well-Being and Work-Family Conflict. Management Analysis Journal, 5(4).
14. Wang, J., Zheng, Z., Tang, Y., Zhang, R., Lu, Q., Wang, B., &; Sun, Q. (2022). Psychological distress and its influencing factors among psychiatric nurses in China: A cross-sectional study. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 13.

Nurhayati, Sofia, Marthoenis , ” The Nurse Working Performance in an Indonesian Psychiatric Hospital ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.41-43 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10604

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Newspapers’ Usage of Multiple Channels in News Dissemination and Its Implication on Their Business Survival
Rosemary Ikeme, Wilfred Oritsesan Olley, Daniel Ewomazino Akpor June 2023 – Page No.: 44-52

The introduction of internet technology came with multiple channels through which newspaper now distributes their contents to readers to keep them informed to make profits. This study looks at newspapers’ use of multiple channels for news dissemination and the implication for their business survival. To tackle this research work, the survey method with the use of a questionnaire was adopted. The Technological Determinism theory was chosen for this study. Data for the research work were obtained from the staff of The Nation newspaper, a leading national daily in Nigeria. The data obtained were presented, analyzed, and interpreted with the use of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The study found that the introduction of multiple channels has affected news production as readers are now used to getting news content from various channels just as the profit from multiple channels is sustaining newspaper enterprises. The study recommended, among other things, that newspaper companies should seize the initiative from digital platforms to create workable online multi-channels to draw large readerships while still retaining their print version, and since it is obvious that readers are now adapting to multiple channels, they should fully adopt the use of multiple channels to stay afloat in business.

Page(s): 44-52                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 July 2023


 Rosemary Ikeme
Department of Mass Communication, Edo State University Uzairue – Nigeria

 Wilfred Oritsesan Olley
Department of Mass Communication, Edo State University Uzairue – Nigeria

 Daniel Ewomazino Akpor
Department of Mass Communication, Edo State University Uzairue – Nigeria

1. Achikene,O., Chukwudi, J., &Ozidi, O. (2016). Breaking news: The shift from hard copy to digital newspapers. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 36(7/8), 490–502.
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3. Adrianna, S. (2019, February 14). Trace the history of newspapers in Nigeria. Legit. https://www.legit.ng/1219230-trace-history-newspaper-nigeria.html.
4. Afolabi, L. S., Orimoloye, T. O., &Akorede, P. A. (2016). Digital Newspaper: An analysis of readers’ acceptance of digital newspaper as a substitute for hard copy newspapers. International Scholarly Research Notices, (1), 1-7.
5. Ajala, R. O., Ajala, A. O., &Oduye, O. E. (2013). A Study of the transition from hardcopy to digital newspaper. Transtutors, 2(4), 389–397.
6. Anyim, W. O. (2021). Readers’ perception and preferences for online and print newspapers in the university library. Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal). 6524. https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/6524.
7. Apata, T. G. (2016). Information dissemination and communication strategy using town crier in a traditional context in southwestern states, Nigeria. Applied Tropical Agriculture, 5, 78-87.
8. Ardia, D., Ringel, E., Victoria Smith Ekstrand, V. S. & Fox, A. (2020). Addressing the decline of local news, rise of platforms, and spread of mis- and disinformation online: A summary of current research and policy proposals. Center for Media Law and Policy.https://citap.unc.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/20665/2020/12/Local-News-Platforms-and-Mis-Disinformation.pdf.
9. Barone, A. (2023). Digital marketing overview: Types, challenges, and required skills. Investopedia. https://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/digital-marketing.asp.
10. Barthel, M. (2017, June 1). Despite subscription surges for largest U.S. newspapers, circulation and revenue fall for industry overall. Pew Research Centre. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/06/01/circulation-and-revenue-fall-for-newspaper-industry/.
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15. Ismail, H. (2018). A study of online newspaper reading habits among university students in Nigeria. International Journal of Communication: an Interdisciplinary Journal of Communication studies,23(2),35-46.
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17. Makhortykh, M., Vreese, C., Helberger, N., Harambam, J., &Bountouridis, D. (2021). We are what we click: Understanding time and content-based habits of online news readers. New Media & Society, 23(9), 2773–2800. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444820933221.
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20. Morah, D.N. (2017). New media technology use patterns of broadcast stations in South East Nigeria. (Doctoral thesis, Nnamdi Azikiwe Universty, Nsuka). https://phd-dissertations.unizik.edu.ng/repos/81249250500_142998680880.pdf
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22. Nobuko, N. (2020). Changing Business Models in the Media Industries. Media Industries, 7(1), 67-80. doi: https://doi.org/10.3998/mij.15031809.0007.105.
23. Onyinge, A. T. &Kithae, P. P. (2020). Managing change in media transition from print to multi- platform delivery: A case of Kenyan newspapers. International Journal of Management and Leadership Studies, 2(1). 28-36.
24. Ren, J., Dong, H., Popovic, A., Sabnis, G & Nickerson, J. (2022) Digital platforms in the news industry: How social media platforms impact traditional media news viewership. European Journal of Information Systems, 20, 1-18. doi: 10.1080/0960085X.2022.2103046.
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29. Wilding, D., Fray, P., Molitorisz, S. &McKewon, E. (2018). The impact of digital platforms on news and journalistic content. University of Technology Sydney.
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Rosemary Ikeme, Wilfred Oritsesan Olley, Daniel Ewomazino Akpor , ” Newspapers’ Usage of Multiple Channels in News Dissemination and Its Implication on Their Business Survival ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.44-52 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10605

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Implications of Alcohol Abuse Among Teachers in Public Schools of Kabompo District, Zambia.
Peter Wazili Chitondo, Rose Chikopela, Lefterius Kalonga Mwamba June 2023 – Page No.: 53-62

The study sought to investigate the effects of alcohol on teachers and its counselling implications in selected secondary schools in Kabompo district, Zambia. The study was guided by four specific objectives, namely:to identify factors that causes teachers to abuse alcohol within working hours (objective 1); to investigate implications of alcohol abuse on teachers’ performance (objective 2). The study adopted a descriptive research design, with a total of 30 respondents sampled from selected schools of Kabompo district. Primary data was collected using in-depth interview guide while secondary data was collected using journals and studies conducted in line with the research. Data that was collected from the key informants was analyzed manually; and classified (sorted) into main themes. In relation to this study, thematic analysis was used to analyses all the responses obtained on the topic. The study revealed that there is abuse of alcohol among teachers in Kabompo District and one of the contributing factor is availability of alcohol in places were these teachers are currently residing. The study also revealed that teacher’s abuse alcohol during working hours and this reduces teacher pupil contact hours which in turn affect curriculum coverage. The study recommended that teachers with severe alcohol abuse disorder must go on rehabilitation program with trained counselors in drug abuse of which they should produce a report before any radical intervention is made by the higher authority.

Page(s): 53-62                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 July 2023


 Peter Wazili Chitondo
University of Zambia,

 Rose Chikopela
Department of Educational Psychology, Sociology and Special Education

 Lefterius Kalonga Mwamba
Zambia Institute of Special Education, Lusaka, Zambia.

1. Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundation of Thought and Action. Engelwood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
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Peter Wazili Chitondo, Rose Chikopela, Lefterius Kalonga Mwamba , ” Implications of Alcohol Abuse Among Teachers in Public Schools of Kabompo District, Zambia. ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.53-62 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10606

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Prevalent Ideologies in the Gikùyù Language that contribute to the Stigmatization of the Involuntary Childless Women
Pamela Mukami Gitu June 2023 – Page No.: 63-70

In society, discourse is a key tool of power and control. If a woman does not have children within her childbearing years, she is stigmatised by society as a deviant and is expected to bear and raise children. Ideology and discourse are related in that they both come to us through or are reinforced by the language we use on a daily basis. As a result, ideologies are ingrained in the language that individuals employ. Therefore, ideology is utilised to support the dominant notions that stigmatise the involuntary childless woman. The main focus of this paper was on the prevailing notions that support the stigmatisation of involuntary childless women. Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) by Fairclough and Van Dijk served as a foundation for the study. According to CDA, several components such as vocabulary, grammatical structure, and semantics should be thoroughly evaluated, and the study took that into account. Villages in Othaya sub-county, Nyeri County, were selected for the study using purposive sampling technique. They were Karὶma, Mahiga, Chinga, and Kairῠ-thὶ. Focus group discussions (FGDs) and audio recording were both used by the researcher to gather data. Five respondents from each of the four villages took part in the FGDs totaling twenty involuntary childless women. After the data was collected, it was audio recorded, examined, and divided into themes. The study will mostly help linguists because it will inform them about how much language may be used to stigmatise social groups and equip them to fight for language change when necessary. This discussion will emphasise how language and ideologies are related and encourage curriculum developers to incorporate lessons on linguistic stigma, which will be useful for researchers who concentrate on gender issues as well. According to the study, attitudes created through language are used to stigmatise involuntary childless women.

Page(s): 63-70                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 July 2023


 Pamela Mukami Gitu
Department of Literary and Communication Studies, Laikipia University

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Pamela Mukami Gitu , ” Prevalent Ideologies in the Gikùyù Language that contribute to the Stigmatization of the Involuntary Childless Women ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.63-70 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10607

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Monetary Policy and People’s Socio-Economic Welfare in Nigeria
AMODU, Muhammed Abdulasisi, ADEDAYO, Olawale Clement, AKEREDOLU, Adebisi Gabriel June 2023 – Page No.: 71-82

This study examined the effect of monetary policy on the socio-economic welfare of Nigerians between1980 and 2021 from three perspectives: income, health and education. We assessed the short and long run effects of six monetary policy variables (lending rate, savings deposit rate, liquidity ratio, monetary policy rate, loan deposit ratio and private sector credit to gross domestic product ratio) and inflation (control variable on three different socio-economic welfare variables (gross domestic product per capita, child mortality rate and primary and secondary school enrolment) during the study period.Results of the auto-regressive distributed lag (ARDL) technique show thatrevealed interest rate, liquidity rate and private sector credit have negative and significant effect on the per capita income while savings deposit rate, monetary policy rate, loan deposit rate and inflationhvesa positive and significant on per capita income. In the long run liquidity ratio and monetary policy rate have significant positive effect on income per capita while the ratio of private sector credit to GDP has a significant negative effect on it. Inflation has a positive but insignificant effect on per capita income. Furthermore, in the short run, all the selected monetary policy variables have significant effects on child mortality rate. While the effect of interest rate, liquidity ratio and monetary policy rate is negative, that of savings deposit rate, loan deposit ratio, private sector credit and inflation is positive. On the long run, interest rate, private sector credit and inflation have positive effect on child mortality but whereas the effect of interest rate is insignificant, the other two have significant effect. Regarding number of school enrolment, in the short run, interest rate has a negatively significant effect while liquidity ratio, loan deposit ratio and inflation have direct positive effect on it. Savings deposit rate has an insignificant positive effect on it while private sector credit has a negative insignificant effect on it. On the long run, interest rate, private sector credit and inflation have an insignificant positive effect on the number of primary and secondary school enrolment. Savings deposit rate, monetary policy rate and loan deposit ratio have insignificant negative effect on it. The effect of liquidity ratio is significantly positive. The study concluded that monetary policy has significant effect the socio-economic welfare life of Nigerians both in the short and long run. The study recommends the sustenance of the existing liquidity ratio and monetary policy rate due to their favourable effects on the people’s welfare.

Page(s): 71-82                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 July 2023


 AMODU, Muhammed Abdulasisi
Accountancy Department, Faculty of Business Studies, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic Owo, Ondo State Nigeria.

 ADEDAYO, Olawale Clement
Banking and Finance Department, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo Ondo State.

 AKEREDOLU, Adebisi Gabriel
Business Administration Department. Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo Ondo State.

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AMODU, Muhammed Abdulasisi, ADEDAYO, Olawale Clement, AKEREDOLU, Adebisi Gabriel , ” Monetary Policy and People’s Socio-Economic Welfare in Nigeria ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.71-82 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10608

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Marketing Research and Performance of Money Deposit Banks in South East, Nigeria
Nwagbala, Stella Chinelo PhD; Okafor Ifeoma Pethronila PhD; Nwachukwu Raphael PhD June 2023 – Page No.: 83-90

In Nigeria the present bank situation is frustrating as customers sometimes suffer poor service delivery such as delayed cash withdrawal, failed bank transfers and hanging cash deposit alerts. In view of this, this study determined the relationship between marketing research and performance of Money Deposit Banks by ascertaining the extent of relationship between problem identification research and business advantage and the degree to which product review research relates with customer satisfaction of Money Deposit Banks in South East, Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was adopted and Taro Yamane formula was used to determine a sample of 162 out of a total population of 273 while structured questionnaire was used to collect data from respondents. The hypotheses were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient with the aid of Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS Version 29). Findings revealed positive relationship between marketing research and performance of Money Deposit Banks in South East, Nigeria. There is positive relationship between problem identification research and business advantage. Results also revealed positive relationship between product review research and customer satisfaction. The study concluded that the relationship between marketing research and performance of Money Deposit Banks is dependent on the adoption of problem identification research and product review research. Therefore, the study recommended that marketing manager should always adopt proactive measures towards the market. This can be achieved by constant review of market trends and customer’s behaviour.

Page(s): 83-90                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 July 2023


 Nwagbala, Stella Chinelo PhD
Department of Business Administration, Nnamdi Azikiwe University (NAU), Awka, Nigeria.

 Okafor Ifeoma Pethronila PhD
Department of Business Administration & Management, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Anambra State Nigeria.

 Nwachukwu Raphael PhD
Department of Accounting, Tansian University Umunya, Anambra State, Nigeria.

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Nwagbala, Stella Chinelo PhD; Okafor Ifeoma Pethronila PhD; Nwachukwu Raphael PhD, “Marketing Research and Performance of Money Deposit Banks in South East, Nigeria ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.83-90 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10609

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Effect of Ethanolic Leaf Extract of Telfairia occidentalis on the Histology of Kidneys of Lead-Induced Wistar Rats
Agbai JU, Ifegwu NO, Monday AB, Willy BV, Eliyah SC, Elem CJ June 2023 – Page No.: 91-98

Objective: This research study was carried out to investigate the effect of ethanolic leaf extract of Telfairia occendentalis on the histology of kidneys of lead-induced wistar rats.
Methodology: Twenty-five (25) male wistar rats weighing 150-180g were procured and acclimatized for two weeks, after which, they were divided into five (5) groups of five (5) rats each, and were housed in cages. The groups were designated as groups A – E. Group A served as the control group and was not induced with lead (Pb), while Groups B – E were induced. Groups A received distilled water only, Groups B – E received vitamin C, vitamin C + 100mg/kg of ethanolic leaf extract Telfairia occendentalis, vitamin C + 400mg/kg ethanolic leaf extract of Telfairia occendentalis and vitamin C + 800mg/kg ethanolic leaf extract of Telfairia occendentalis respectively for 14 days through oral route with the aid of oral gastric tube. On the 15th day, the animals were weighed and sacrificed via chloroform inhalation, and kidneys were harvested from the rats for histological study.
Results: Histopathological findings showed normal renal architecture with glomeruli (G), renal tubules (RT), tubular cells (TC), and normal cuboidal epithelial cells(CEC) within the medullar for animals in group A; moderate degeneration with moderate fatty changes (FC), moderate intra renal hemorrhage (IRH), and moderate renal inflammation (IRI) for animals in group B; mild regeneration with moderate fatty changes (FC), tubular atrophy (TA), and moderate renal inflammation (IRI) for animals in group C; moderate regeneration with mild fatty changes (FC), and mild renal inflammation (IRI) for animals in group D; and moderate regeneration with mild fatty changes (FC) otherwise normal with well outlined tubular cells (TC) for animals in group E.
Conclusion: Ethanolic leaf extract of Telfaria occendentalis have ameliorating effect on the histology of kidneys of lead-induced wistar rats, and the ameliorating effect improves with increase in the dosages of the leaf extract.

Page(s): 91-98                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 July 2023


 Agbai JU
Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Abia State University Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria.

 Ifegwu NO
Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Abia State University Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria.

 Monday AB
Department of Anatomy, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji-Arakeji, Osun State, Nigeria.

 Willy BV
Department of Anatomy, Edo State University Uturu, Abia State, Uzairue, Edo Statem Nigeria.

 Eliyah SC
Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Abia State University Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria.

 Elem CJ
Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Abia State University Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria.

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Agbai JU, Ifegwu NO, Monday AB, Willy BV, Eliyah SC, Elem CJ , ” Effect of Ethanolic Leaf Extract of Telfairia occidentalis on the Histology of Kidneys of Lead-Induced Wistar Rats ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.91-98 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10610

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Evaluating the Use and Impact of Mobile Apps in Learning: A Study in The College of Business Administration
Jolly B. Mariacos, Marilou A. Dela Peña June 2023 – Page No.: 99-111

The main purpose of the study is to evaluate the use and impact of mobile apps in learning: A study in the College of Business Administration, Baguio City for the School year 2021-2022. It involved one hundred fifty (150) CBA students as the respondents of the study. The research study utilized the descriptive research design the mixed method with a checklist and interview guide questionnaire as the main data gathering instrument. The following are the findings of the study: the mobile apps use in learning in the College of Business Administration (CBA) were the Facebook and Messenger, level of extent of agreement on the use and impact of mobile apps in learning in the College of Business Administration is agree; attitude towards use of mobile apps in learning in the (CBA) department is positive impact. The conclusions of the study are drawn from the findings: mobile apps have potential to enhance learning within the College of Business Administration, their effective implementation is crucial; not all students utilize these apps, and those who do not have varying opinions on their usefulness; and the study suggests further exploration on how mobile learning apps can improve students’ performance and motivation.

Page(s): 99-111                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 July 2023


 Jolly B. Mariacos
Baguio Central University, Baguio City, Philippines

 Marilou A. Dela Peña
Baguio Central University, Baguio City, Philippines

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Jolly B. Mariacos, Marilou A. Dela Peña, “Evaluating the Use and Impact of Mobile Apps in Learning: A Study in The College of Business Administration ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.99-111 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10611

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Nanoparticle Betacarotene Formulated in Cetyl Alcohol, Glycerine, Stearic Acid and TEA as Based Cream
Sonlimar Mangunsong, Mohamad Taswin, Sarmalina Simamora and Bambang Hernawan Nugroho June 2023 – Page No.: 112-120

The effectiveness cream nanobetacorotene (nanosuspension) had been evaluated. This research aims to ensure which one between nanobetacarotene that was better to be produced as a cream after 28 -day observation. The manufacture of nanoparticles is carried out by the ionic gelation low energy method. The characteristics of the nanoparticles tested include particle size and distribution, zeta potential, nanoparticle morphology, encapsulation efficiency The prepared concentrations betacarotene were 0.1%, 0.3%, and 0.5% with in based cream. Cream tested included pH, homogeneity, spreadly, and testing of irritation during 28 days observation: Nanoparticle preparation produces nano suspension in the form of a clear, some -sticky, and odorless solution. The morphology of particle nanoparticles is in the form of square, rectangular and some around shapes, the average value of particle size 187.5 nm; PI 0,288; potential zeta 10 mV; and encapsulation efficiency was 90%. Findings indicate that 0.5 % of nanobetacarotene were more favorable effective formulated cream. None irritating to arm respondent up to 28 days observation.

Page(s): 112-120                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 July 2023


 Sonlimar Mangunsong
Health Polytechnic of Palembang

 Mohamad Taswin
Health Polytechnic of Palembang

 Sarmalina Simamora
Health Polytechnic of Palembang

 Bambang Hernawan Nugroho
Islamic University of Indonesia

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Sonlimar Mangunsong, Mohamad Taswin, Sarmalina Simamora and Bambang Hernawan Nugroho, “Nanoparticle Betacarotene Formulated in Cetyl Alcohol, Glycerine, Stearic Acid and TEA as Based Cream” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.112-120 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10612

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Impact and Utilization of Instructional Materials in Enhancing Effective Teaching of Technical Drawing in Senior Secondary Schools in Education District V Zone III in Lagos State
Dr. Dawodu Rasheed Adegbenro, Dr. Ogunbote Shefiu, Dr (Mrs) Okeowo Rebbeca Oyenike and Adewuyi Babajide Adetunji June 2023 – Page No.: 121-126

The study was carried out to examine the impact and utilization of instructional materials in enhancing effective teaching of Technical Drawing in senior secondary schools in Education District V zone III in Lagos State. A descriptive survey research design was used for the study. The population for the study consisted of sixty teachers teaching Technical Drawing from six senior secondary schools in the education district V zone III. No sample was used because the population is manageable. A structured questionnaire was designed for data collection. Three research questions were developed. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions. The findings revealed that drawing instruments and materials were not sufficiently available and the few available ones were not utilized properly for enhancing effective teaching of Technical Drawing in senior secondary schools in Education District V zone III in Lagos State. The finding also showed that the professionally qualified technical teachers were inadequate and, in some cases, other science teachers were being drafted to teach the subject. From the results of these findings, it was recommended that Technical drawing subject should be mandatory in the Senior secondary schools for science and technical Students. The recruitment of technical drawing teachers should be based on experience and qualification in engineering and technical education. Regular training should be organised for Teachers teaching technical drawing in digital instructional techniques using the application of software such AUTO CAD to actively impart in the students’ quality knowledge and skills among others.

Page(s): 121-126                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 July 2023


 Dr. Dawodu Rasheed Adegbenro
Department of Technology Education, Lagos State University of Education, Lagos State

 Dr. Ogunbote Shefiu
Department of Technology Education, Lagos State University of Education, Lagos State

 Dr (Mrs) Okeowo Rebbeca Oyenike
Department of Technology Education, Lagos State University of Education, Lagos State

 Adewuyi Babajide Adetunji
Department of Technology Education, Lagos State University of Education, Lagos State

1. Azonwu, M.E & Ogbonna, C.U (2022). Availability and Utilization pf Instructional Materials for Enhancing Teaching of Technical Drawing in Senior Secondary Schools in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area. International Journal of Research Publication Review. 13(12), 1839-1841
2. Abimbola (2017). Skill Improvement Needs of Technical Teachers for Maintenance of Woodwork Equipment in Secondary Schools in Ogun State. Unpublished M.Ed. Thesis, Vocational Teacher Education Department University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
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7. Enenum, P & YiIbo, S (2022). Availability of Instructional Materials in Teaching Basic Technology in Secondary Schools in Khana Local Government Area in Rivers State. Journal of Contemporary Science and Engineering (JCSET). 1 (1), 89-103
8. Hassan, B. & Maizam,A. (2017). The Imperatives of Technical Drawing in Teaching TVET Subject; The Case of Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice. 8(23), 133-135
9. Laguador, J. M. (2014). Selected Personal Factors as Determinants of Final Grades in Technical Drawing 2, 3(4), 101–114. doi:10.6007/IJARPED/v3-i4/1179
10. Ogunbote, S (2015) Relative Effects of Instructional Method, Cognitive Style and Gender in Students’ Academic Achievement in Basic Technology in Lagos State. Unpublished, Ph.D Thesis UNIZIK, Akwa.
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Dr. Dawodu Rasheed Adegbenro, Dr. Ogunbote Shefiu, Dr (Mrs) Okeowo Rebbeca Oyenike and Adewuyi Babajide Adetunji , ” Impact and Utilization of Instructional Materials in Enhancing Effective Teaching of Technical Drawing in Senior Secondary Schools in Education District V Zone III in Lagos State ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.121-126 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10613

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Impact of Savings and Credit Cooperative Society Groups on Food Security in Zimbabwe: A Case Study of Marange Community in Mutare District
Dereck Moyo (Mr), Tough Chinoda (PhD) and Unice Goshomi (PhD) June 2023 – Page No.: 127-134

Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the impact of Savings and Credit Cooperative Society (SACCOS) on sustaining food security for households in Marange communal area of Mutare rural district in Zimbabwe.
Methods: An exploratory sequential mixed methods research (MMR) design was used in carrying out the present study. In this design, the study first collected primary qualitative data using 6 focus group discussions (FGDs) and 7 key informant interviews (KIIs) followed by collecting quantitative data using a household survey from 204 respondents. The 204 respondents consisted of 102 households participating in VSLAs and SACCOS, and 102 households not participating in VSLAs and SACCOS. NVivo, was used to analyse qualitative data from focus group discussions (FGDs) and key informant interviews (KIIs) to determine themes and content from the data, respectively. SPSS version 23 was used to analyse quantitative data to provide descriptive and inferential statistics for the research. Chi-square Test of Independence was used to analyse quantitative data to investigate the association between participation in SACCOS (independent variable) and food security (dependent variable).
Results: Qualitative results showed that there was an association between participation in SACCOS and the four pillars of food security, namely food accessibility, food availability, food utilization, and stability of the former three pillars. Quantitative results corroborated qualitative results (p<0.05) and showed that, at 95% significance level, participation in SACCOS has positive impact on household food security in Marange communal area.
Conclusion: The study concluded that participation in SACCOS has positive impact on household food security in Marange communal area.
Recommendations: The study made two key recommendations. Firstly, the government of Zimbabwe through Ministry of Finance should provide conducive policy environment for SACCOS to thrive, particularly addressing economic challenges that are currently acting as barrier to viability of SACCOS. Secondly, there is scope for undertaking this study in a different approach such as replicating it over a period of two or more seasons instead of only one agricultural season, as was the case with the present study.

Page(s): 127-134                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 July 2023


 Dereck Moyo (Mr)
Principal Author, Currently pursuing a Doctor of Philosophy degree in Development Studies at the Women’s University in Africa, Harare, Zimbabwe.

 Tough Chinoda (PhD)
Senior lecturer, University of Zimbabwe.

 Unice Goshomi (PhD)
Research Programmes Leader (Research, Innovation and Postgraduate Centre) Women’s University in Africa.

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Dereck Moyo (Mr), Tough Chinoda (PhD) and Unice Goshomi (PhD), “Impact of Savings and Credit Cooperative Society Groups on Food Security in Zimbabwe: A Case Study of Marange Community in Mutare District ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.127-134 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10614

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Toxicological and Genotoxic Effects of Used Drilling Fluid: Histopathology and Genotoxicity Assessment
Obani Ifechidere Sophia, Babatunde Bolaji Bernard, Vincent Ijeoma Akpu, Peter Oghogho onyagbodor June 2023 – Page No.: 135-145

During the process of extracting crude oil from the subsurface of the earth, drilling fluids play a crucial role. To evaluate the toxic and genotoxic characteristics of used oil-based drilling fluid, experiments were conducted using Clarias gariepinus (a type of fish) and Allium cepa (an onion). Prior to the experiments, the test subjects were acclimatized and stored for a period of 14 days. Following acclimatization and storage, test solutions were prepared in different concentrations based on the results of a range-finding test. After 96 hours of exposure, the LC50 values for the drilling fluid were determined as follows: 71.589% at 24 hours, 96.052% at 48 hours, 96.052% at 72 hours, and 59.508% at 96 hours. The mortality rate was recorded, revealing a direct relationship between the concentration of the drilling fluid and the mortality of the test subjects. The EC50 values also indicated a correlation between root tip-growth inhibition and increased toxicant concentration. Furthermore, histopathological studies conducted on the gills and livers of Clarias gariepinus after 96 hours of exposure revealed noticeable alterations. To analyze the content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) present in the oil-based drilling mud, substances such as Naphthalene, Acenaphthylene, Acenaphthene, Fluorene, Phenathrene, Anthracene, Fluoranthene, Benzo (K), Pyrene, Benz (a) anthracene, Chrysene, Benzo (b) fluoranthene, Benzo (k) fluoranthene, Benzo (a) pyrene, Indeno (1,2,3-cd) pyrene, Dibenz (a,h), anthracene, and Benzo (g,h,i) perylene were analyzed using GC-MS mode S4 = 71096. These parameters are believed to be responsible for the toxic effects observed in fish and onion root tips. Considering the toxic effects and alterations observed, it is crucial to closely monitor the disposal of drilling fluids after the recovery of crude oil. Compliance with the necessary regulatory standards established by regulatory bodies should be ensured to prevent adverse environmental impacts.

Page(s): 135-145                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 July 2023


 Obani Ifechidere Sophia
Center for Public Health and Toxicological Research, World Bank Center of Excellence, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

 Babatunde Bolaji Bernard
Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

 Vincent Ijeoma Akpu
Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

 Peter Oghogho onyagbodor
Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

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Obani Ifechidere Sophia, Babatunde Bolaji Bernard, Vincent Ijeoma Akpu, Peter Oghogho onyagbodor, “Toxicological and Genotoxic Effects of Used Drilling Fluid: Histopathology and Genotoxicity Assessment” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.135-145 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10615

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Strategic Managerial Implications of Irritability and Human Relations: Exploring the Role of Gender and Knowledge
Peter Agyekum Boateng, PhD June 2023 – Page No.: 146-156

This study explores the impact of irritability in managerial contexts, a state of heightened sensitivity associated with increased feelings of anger and frustration on human relationships in organizations. The research also investigates how gender and knowledge influence the relationship between irritability and human relations. The study reveals significant consequences of irritability on effective management and group dynamics, necessitating the development of strategic interventions that enhance human relations and minimize the negative effects of irritability on managers. To gather information on the issue of irritability, the study employed a systematic review of relevant academic literature from reputable databases. The objective was to determine how gendered factors and knowledge acquisition affect the occurrence and regulation of irritability, as well as their strategic implications for human relationships and organizations. The review identified the influence of gender-related factors on the perception and expression of irritability among managers, specifically societal expectations, gender roles, and power dynamics. Furthermore, the research showed that knowledge acquisition, sharing, and utilization are critical factors for managing irritability and improving managerial effectiveness in human relations. The implications of the study highlight the need for organizations to foster gender diversity, create inclusive work environments, and adopt knowledge-based interventions to mitigate the impact of irritability on managerial relationships and team dynamics. The study emphasizes the importance of addressing irritability in managerial training and development programs, as well as cultivating an organizational culture that supports emotional intelligence and knowledge sharing. Further research should explore specific strategies and interventions that organizations can use to cope with irritability in different managerial contexts.

Page(s): 146-156                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 July 2023


 Peter Agyekum Boateng, PhD
Management Studies Department, School of Business, Valley View University, P. O. Box AF595, Adenta, Accra Ghana

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Peter Agyekum Boateng, PhD , ” Strategic Managerial Implications of Irritability and Human Relations: Exploring the Role of Gender and Knowledge ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.146-156 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10616

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Human Face Recognition Using Eigen Vector-Based Recognition System
Sadia Afrin, Maria Tasnim, and Md. Rafiqul Islam June 2023 – Page No.: 157-160

Face recognition is an algorithm that can recognize or verify a query face among a large number of faces in the enrollment database. Face recognition is a crucial and difficult area of computer vision. This study demonstrates a system that can recognize a human face by comparing the facial structure to that of another individual or a well-known individual, which is accomplished by the use of frontal several summarizations. Many researchers have done their work on face recognition and also applied it by using different methods. We made use of an eigenvector-based recognition system as a method for recognizing faces. The face recognition system is highly accurate and is one of the most powerful surveillance tools ever made. But this face recognition technology is quite costly for developing countries like Bangladesh. In this study, we have used a face recognition system for our security purpose using an eigenvector-based face recognition system with the help of MATLAB software and a Raspberry Pi camera for security purposes which minimizes the cost, and this process we have used is quite affordable

Page(s): 157-160                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 July 2023


 Sadia Afrin
Department of Basic Science, Primeasia University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

 Maria Tasnim
Mathematics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh

 Md. Rafiqul Islam

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Sadia Afrin, Maria Tasnim, and Md. Rafiqul Islam, “Human Face Recognition Using Eigen Vector-Based Recognition System ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.157-160 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10617

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Structural Violence and Social Development: A study of Ashrayan-2 Project
Tanzim Ahmed June 2023 – Page No.: 161-167

The Ashrayan Project, established under the auspices of the esteemed Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in Bangladesh, endeavors to furnish lodging and property entitlements to impoverished and landless households. The endeavor has accomplished a notable feat in enabling the female population, upholding social safety, fostering enhancement of manpower, attaining economic progress, equipping rural vicinities with urban amenities, encouraging ecological durability, and enhancing healthcare provisions. The initiative has facilitated the displacement of more than 524,244 households since its establishment in 1997 while being in conformity with the objectives of the Sustainable Development Goals. The initiative seeks to offer resilient housing to communities that are susceptible to the impact of environmental crises, including climate change and natural disasters, with a focus on those who are particularly vulnerable. This distinct undertaking has facilitated the advancement of collective growth at an effortless rate, yielding advantages for underprivileged groups and lowering disparities. The endeavor has unveiled novel prospects for enhancement in familial, communal, and financial advancement in Bangladesh.

Page(s): 161-167                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 July 2023


 Tanzim Ahmed
Research Officer, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies, Bangladesh

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Tanzim Ahmed , ” Structural Violence and Social Development: A study of Ashrayan-2 Project ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.10 issue 6, pp.161-167 June 2023 https://doi.org/10.51244/IJRSI.2023.10618

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