Academic Locus of Control, Study Habits and Secondary School Students Academic Achievement in Mathematics

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume VI, Issue XI, November 2019 | ISSN 2321–2705

Academic Locus of Control, Study Habits and Secondary School Students Academic Achievement in Mathematics

Melvina N. Amalu1, Nanjwan, Josephine Dasel2

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1Department of Educational Foundations, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
2Department of Special Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria

Abstract:-The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence academic locus of control, study habits and secondary school students’ academic achievement in mathematics. To achieve the aim of the study two research questions were asked and two null hypotheses formulated to guide the study. Survey research design was adopted for the study. Five hundred and seventy-five SS11 students were randomly selected from public secondary schools in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State. The selection was done through simple random and stratified sampling techniques. Academic Locus of Control and Study Habit Questionnaires (ALOCSH) and achievement test were used for data collection. The internal consistency of the instrument and achievement test with Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient was 0.81 and 0.75 respectively. Data collected were analyzed using independent t-test and analysis of variance statistical techniques. And hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that internal academic locus of control and study habit had influence on academic achievement. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that in order to boost study habits and enhance academic achievement, the students should be regularly counselled by the school counsellor on how to develop study skill strategies.

Keywords: Academic locus of control, study habit, achievement, students, secondary school


Education which involves the acquisition of knowledge, abilities, skills, values, beliefs leads to progress and development of individuals, communities and nations. These essential knowledge, skill, abilities, value are usually acquired through learning and academic achievement. Academic achievement is an important aspect of education that determines the promotion of student from one grade to another. Academic achievement is a multifaceted construct that comprises the achievement of students in academic subjects in relation to their knowledge, attaining ability or degree of competence in school work .